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Aspectos éticos e legais da assistência religiosa em hospitais psiquiátricos; Ethical and legal aspects of religious assistance in psychiatric hospitals

BRAGHETTA, Camilla Casaletti; LUCCHETTI, Giancarlo; LEÃO, Frederico Camelo; VALLADA, Cândido; VALLADA, Homero; CORDEIRO, Quirino
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
assistência religiosa a pacientes com transtornos psiquiátricos graves internados é um problema pouco discutido entre psiquiatras. Aspectos legais asseguram o direito à assistência religiosa aos pacientes, no entanto alguns aspectos específicos conduzem a reflexão e cautela em determinadas situações. Assim, objetiva-se com o presente trabalho discutir os aspectos éticos, legais e científicos da assistência religiosa em hospitais psiquiátricos. Serão abordados também alguns comentários sobre os conceitos de autonomia, beneficência e não maleficência, contidos nos princípios bioéticos. Ao final, é apresentada a experiência do Hospital João Evangelista na abordagem de tais casos. Como conclusão, situações de conflito ético e legal podem surgir, pois os pacientes têm direito a receber assistência religiosa, porém podem apresentar manifestações psicopatológicas que poderiam levar a prejuízo de seu quadro clínico diante da abordagem religiosa. A orientação dos familiares e as relações entre hospital, médico, paciente e família são essenciais para a resolução de tais conflitos.; The religious assistance to inpatients with severe psychiatric disorders is a problem rarely discussed among psychiatrists. Legal aspects ensure the right to religious assistance to such patients...

Religiosidade, juventude e sexualidade: entre a autonomia e a rigidez; Religiosity, young people and sexuality: between autonomy and rigidity; Religiosidad,juventud y sexualidad: entre la autonomia y la rigidez

SILVA, Cristiane Gonçalves da; SANTOS, Alessandro Oliveira; LICCIARDI, Daniele Carli; PAIVA, Vera
Fonte: Departamento de Psicologia - Universidade Estadual de Maringá Publicador: Departamento de Psicologia - Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
Este artigo descreve como jovens religiosos e autoridades religiosas das respectivas comunidades compreendem a sexualidade, considerando suas experiências pessoais e como membros de comunidades religiosas. A análise pretende contribuir para que políticas públicas dedicadas à promoção da saúde sexual da juventude considerem a religiosidade no contexto de um Estado laico e da promoção do direito à prevenção. Foram realizadas 26 entrevistas abertas e semidirigidas em diferentes comunidades da região metropolitana da cidade de São Paulo (comunidade Católica, de Umbanda, do Candomblé e de diferentes denominações Evangélicas) sobre iniciação sexual, casamento, gravidez, contracepção e prevenção das DSTs/aids, homossexualidade, aborto e direitos humanos. Observou-se como jovens e autoridades religiosas convivem com a tensão entre tradição e modernidade e os distintos discursos sobre a sexualidade. Como sujeitos religiosos (do discurso religioso) e sujeitos sexuais (de discursos sobre sexualidade), devem ser incorporados pelos programas como sujeitos de direito nos termos de sua religiosidade.; Current article describes how religious young people and the religious authorities of their communities understand sexuality. Knowledge is based on personal experiences as well as members of a religious community. Analysis investigates the manner public policies devoted to the sexual health of young people take religiosity into account within the context of a lay state and within the context of the right to disease prevention. Twenty-six open and half-structured interviews were undertaken in different communities (Catholic communities...

Bioética e crença religiosa: estudo da relação médico-paciente Testemunha de Jeová com potencial risco de transfusão de sangue; Bioethics and religious belief: a study on the physician-Jehovah's Witness patient at potential risk of blood transfusion

Chehaibar, Graziela Zlotnik
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/07/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
As Testemunhas de Jeová têm preceitos religiosos que sustentam a recusa da transfusão de sangue e, frequentemente, vivenciam situações nas quais essa recusa pode ser sustentada por aspectos científicos, legais e bioéticos. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a relação médico-paciente Testemunha de Jeová, sob a potencial recomendação de transfusão de sangue durante a internação hospitalar. Além disso, também buscou investigar o momento e a forma da identificação do paciente Testemunha de Jeová; analisar a conduta dos médicos frente a um eventual impasse na relação com os pacientes e analisar as escolhas dos pacientes na relação com os médicos; verificar as condutas realizadas após o processo de tomada de decisão entre médico e seu paciente; e verificar se os médicos conhecem o parecer n.º 007/2004 - "Orientação sobre Recusa de Transfusão de Sangue da Testemunha de Jeová", da Comissão de Bioética (CoBi) do Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP. A pesquisa foi realizada no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP) no período de fevereiro de 2007 a maio de 2009. Foram selecionados 46 pacientes e 48 médicos, buscando-se entrevistar o paciente e seu respectivo médico. Trata-se de um estudo de caso exploratório...

Campo psiquiátrico e campo religioso: entre diálogos e tensões; Psychiatric Field, Religious Field: between dialogues and tensions

Assunção, Luiza Maria de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Nesta tese buscou-se analisar uma possível relação entre ciência e religião, mediante o diálogo entre psiquiatria e assistência religiosa hospitalar. Por intermédio dos porta-vozes desses dois domínios (psiquiatras e ministros religiosos), tentou-se captar em que moldes acontece o diálogo entre as duas especialidades, as quais, por meio de alguns de seus profissionais, têm buscado uma aproximação. A hipótese da qual se partiu é a de que, ao estabelecerem pontes de contato, os campos psiquiátrico e religioso tornam-se vulneráveis, podendo assim colocar em risco o seu desenvolvimento e a sua legalidade enquanto áreas de atuação autônomas. Para fazer a apreciação desse pressuposto, tomou-se como centro de análise os especialistas da saúde mental e os especialistas da religião que atuam junto ao Instituto de Psiquiatria (IPQ) do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP (HCFMUSP). O universo empírico, analisado em moldes qualitativos, é composto por 27 (vinte e sete) psiquiatras, 11 (onze) enfermeiros, 13 (treze) voluntários religiosos, 3 (três) ministros religiosos e 17 (dezessete) pacientes. A relação entre esses sujeitos foi pensada mediante a proposta bourdieusiana que trata do conflito entre campos sociais e do conflito interno a um determinado campo. Sob essa perspectiva foram conduzidas as reflexões e análises no presente trabalho. A partir da sistematização e do manuseio dos relatos dos informantes...

Do Formal Religious Participation and Spiritual Perceptions Have Independent Linkages with Diverse Dimensions of Psychological Well-Being?

Greenfield, Emily A.; Vaillant, George E.; Marks, Nadine F.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
Recognizing religiosity and spirituality as related-yet-distinct phenomena, and conceptualizing psychological well-being as a multi-dimensional construct, this study examines whether individuals’ frequency of formal religious participation and spiritual perceptions are independently associated with diverse dimensions of psychological well-being (negative affect, positive affect, purpose in life, positive relations with others, personal growth, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and autonomy). Data came from 1,564 respondents in the 2005 National Survey of Midlife in the U.S. (MIDUS). Higher levels of spiritual perceptions were independently associated with better psychological well-being across all dimensions, and three of these salutary associations were stronger among women than men. Greater formal religious participation was independently associated only with more purpose in life and (among older adults) personal growth; greater formal religious participation was also associated with less autonomy. Overall, results suggest a different pattern of independent linkages between formal religious participation and spiritual perceptions across diverse dimensions of psychological well-being.

Regime constitucional do direito privado das organizações religiosas

Alves, Othon Moreno de Medeiros
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.42%
In Brazil, constitutional clauses regarding religious freedom have concrete applications in Private Law. Church-State Law, or "Ecclesiastical Law of the State," studies the legal principles which may be applicable to religious activity, exercised individually and collectively. The study of Church-State Law in Brazil lacks a thorough introduction to the constitutional and civil aspects of religious organizations: such an introduction is the main end of this work. Following a brief introduction, the main aspects of religious freedom and the principle of private autonomy as it concerns religious organizations are explained. A careful introductory analysis of Church-State Law in Brazil is thus developed: (1) the historical aspects, including a detailed account of the relations between Catholicism, the established religion up to 1889, and the government; (2) the current constitutional principles, as presented in the text of the federal Constitution of 1988, regarding the rights and claims of religious organizations; (3) how the same constitutional principles are to be used in the interpretation of Private Law (especially the Civil Code of 2002), fostering and preserving the uniqueness of religious organizations in the Brazilian legal system. A brief complementary chapter presents some aspects of the legal position of religious institutions in three other nations whose constitutional documents have influenced the current Brazilian federal Constitution (France...

A disciplina ensino religioso no currículo escolar brasileiro: institucionalização e permanência; The subject religious education in the curriculum of brazilian school: institutionalization and permanence

Muniz, Tamiris Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
The present study has as object of research the subject Religious Education in the curriculum of the Brazilian schools. In this sense, seek to explain how was the construction of this subject in the curriculum of public schools in Brazil, mostly in the period of 1988 to 2010, wich comprehend a rich period in discussion, public politics of implantation to an area and the fight for the educacional field consolidation. It was established as general objective to understand the historical process of construction of the subject Religious Education in the curriculum of Brazilian public schools, and how specific objectives: to analyze the studies in the field of the history of the curriculum and history of the disciplines in order to understand how comes developing the research in these fields of research; demarcate as historically constituted the religious education in school subject and integrated the curriculum of Brazilian public schools; and to analyze the permanence of the subject Religious Education in the curriculum from the analysis of the experience of its configuration in the education system of Goiás. The study belongs to the field of research about the history of school subjects and adopts the socio-historical perspective of curriculum grounded in theories of André Chervel (1990)...

Le libéralisme politique et l’éducation à l’autonomie individuelle

Cormier, Andree-Anne
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
Ce mémoire explore la question des conséquences de l’interprétation rawlsienne du pluralisme éthique pour la légitimité de l’autonomie individuelle comme objectif d’éducation publique. Rawls (1993, 2003) soutient que seuls des objectifs éducatifs strictement politiques peuvent guider l’élaboration des politiques publiques en matière d’éducation obligatoire et justifier une intervention étatique dans l’éducation des enfants. Or, puisque Rawls définit l’autonomie individuelle comme un idéal éthique privé, il conclut qu’elle n’est pas un objectif légitime d’éducation publique. La thèse principale qui est défendue dans le cadre de ce mémoire est que Rawls est aveugle aux implications réelles de sa propre théorie politique en matière d’éducation commune, qui, contrairement à ce qu’il soutient, exigent précisément la promotion de l’autonomie individuelle comme idéal éthique (et non politique). Cette thèse remet en question le principe de neutralité de l’État envers toutes les doctrines éthiques, y compris l’idéal d’autonomie individuelle, qui caractérise et distingue la théorie rawlsienne des versions classiques du libéralisme. La deuxième partie de cette étude considère une stratégie possible pour sauver la neutralité du libéralisme politique...

Collective Religious Autonomy under the European Convention on Human Rights: the UK Jewish Free School Case in International Perspective

KIVIORG, Merilin
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
What should the response be if a religious community (or an affiliated institution) violates the individual rights of either its own members or of others in society? This working paper analyses the UK Jewish Free School case, which raised a question of racial discrimination in the admission policy of the school from a theoretical and international law perspective with focus on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. The aim is to address broader issues of collective freedom of religion or belief by giving some theoretical conceptualising points about collective religious autonomy. An attempt is also made to provide some hypothetical predictions as to how the JFS case would be decided under the European Court of Human Rights if ever submitted.

Représenter et construire la psychiatrie en France, 1801-1863 : l'art des premiers aliénistes

Jubinville, Ginette
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.4%
Depuis les quatre dernières décennies, des publications célèbres analysent l’histoire, l’art et l’architecture de la psychiatrie de la fin du dix-neuvième siècle afin de dénoncer les aspects négatifs de la science psychiatrique : voyeurisme sur la personne du fou, déshumanisation de l’asile, autoglorification du psychiatre, abus de pouvoir. C’est ce regard à sens unique que j’ai voulu déjouer dans cette thèse en consacrant ma recherche aux œuvres produites en amont de cette période. Leur analyse a permis de prendre conscience de l’autre versant de la science psychiatrique, celui qui est philanthropique, bienveillant et animé d’un réel espoir de guérison. Mon objectif a été de construire, par l’analyse de ce domaine iconographique inédit ou négligé, une nouvelle histoire de la naissance de la psychiatrie, celle de sa culture visuelle. Une histoire qui révèle ses idéaux du début du siècle et les écarts à ses propres aspirations par son besoin de légitimation et de professionnalisation. Ma thèse propose une enquête épistémologique de l’histoire de l’aliénisme français, par le biais du discours porté par les œuvres d’art commandées par ses fondateurs. Le premier chapitre est consacré aux premiers asiles conçus comme le prolongement du corps du psychiatre et ils sont analysés selon les valeurs de la nouvelle science. Je me suis appliquée à y démontrer que le concept même d’asile...

L'Aufklärung kantienne : une quête d'autonomie

Vigneault-Bérubé, Alexandre
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
Michel Foucault fait remarquer qu’il y a dans la conception des Lumières européennes une tension entre la « croissance de l’autonomie » et la « croissance des capacités » par la science et la technique (Foucault, 1994, p. 83). Or, dans « Qu’est-ce que les Lumières? », Kant privilégie clairement le premier volet, l’autonomie, tel qu’en témoigne sa définition : « sortie de l’homme de l’état de minorité, où il se maintient par sa propre faute ». Force lui est toutefois d’admettre que l’autonomie qui s’exprime dans le « penser par soi-même » nécessite un accès à l’espace public, car la liberté de pensée implique la possibilité de publier ses opinions et de penser avec autrui. Le texte de Kant évoque donc les conditions politiques permettant un libre accès au « public des lecteurs ». Il importe ainsi que le despote éclairé, en l’occurrence Frédéric le Grand, gouverne à tout le moins dans un esprit républicain en maintenant un espace public exempt de censure. Il importe en outre qu’il s’abstienne d’intervenir en matière religieuse. Ce n’est pas un hasard si le thème de la liberté de conscience religieuse occupe une large place dans le texte de Kant, car la tentation est grande pour l’autorité politique de bafouer cette liberté et d’instrumentaliser la religion à des fins politiques.; Michel Foucault pointed out that there is in the design of the European Enlightenment a tension between the "growing autonomy" and "growth capacity" by science and technology (Foucault...

Les écoles privées à projet religieux ou spirituel : analyse de trois «communautés» éducatives : juive, musulmane et Steiner : à Montréal

Tremblay, Stéphanie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.56%
La légitimité des écoles privées fondées sur un projet religieux ou spirituel fait l’objet de débats épineux tant au Québec qu’ailleurs, depuis plusieurs années (chapitre 1). À la différence des nombreux travaux normatifs déjà produits sur ces questions, cette thèse propose une contribution empirique sur la réalité de certaines de ces écoles à Montréal. Notre objectif général consiste donc à comprendre comment la dimension religieuse ou spirituelle d'écoles privées de groupes ou courants minoritaires (juives, musulmanes, Steiner) se traduit dans les discours et pratiques de l'école. La mise en lien d’écoles abritant des projets éducatifs minoritaires de différentes natures vise par ailleurs à poser un regard plus large sur l’identité, ethnique ou religieuse. Après avoir analysé les trois écoles, nous examinons les différences ou convergences significatives entre elles. Puis, nous tentons de mieux comprendre comment leurs discours et leurs pratiques nous renseignent sur les attentes parallèles relatives à l’éducation en contexte libéral. Nous portons alors attention (chapitre 2) aux interactions entre le curriculum « séculier » et une perspective religieuse ou spirituelle, à la conception de l'autonomie dans la scolarisation...

Laicism and Liberalism as Paradigms in the Interpretation of Human Rights. Reflections on the Configuration of the Religious Freedom in the Context of French Debate About the Islamic Veil; Laicismo y liberalismo como paradigmas de interpretación de los derechos humanos. Reflexiones sobre la configuración de la libertad religiosa a la luz del debate francés sobre el velo islámico

Melchiori, Franco Andrés; Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Fonte: Universidade La Sabana Publicador: Universidade La Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
The use of Islamic veil for girls in public schools of France has aroused animportant discussion about laicism, multiculturalism and religious freedom.This debate was under the scrutiny of the European Court of HumanRights, which issued several judgments about the problem. The requirementof neutrality, the fundamental principle of laicism, allows that theState, supposing to protect the freedom of conscience of no religious people,confines the exercise of religious freedom to the strict boundaries ofprivate life. At the same time, while requiring neutrality, the State is tryingto impose in the public arena a sort of civil religion, depriving of the rightof expression in religion matters. These two elements could be found notonly in the fathers and current thinkers of laicism, but in authors that,without this enrollment, are finally supporting the same conclusions. Theprincipal mistake that is under that is a conception of freedom derived fromthe Illustrated liberalism, an error that in the end is derived of a limitedconception of the man. The pretensions of these doctrines are impossibleto perform, because the religion cannot be relegated to the interior of manwithout to force the freedom itself. If some States continue following theseideas...

Autonomy, religious values, and refusal of lifesaving medical treatment.

Wreen, M J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1991 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.71%
The principal question of this paper is: Why are religious values special in refusal of lifesaving medical treatment? This question is approached through a critical examination of a common kind of refusal of treatment case, one involving a rational adult. The central value cited in defence of honouring such a patient's refusal is autonomy. Once autonomy is isolated from other justificatory factors, however, possible cases can be imagined which cast doubt on the great valuational weight assigned it by strong anti-paternalists. This weight is sufficient, in their estimation, to justify honouring the patient's refusal. There is thus a tension between the strong anti-paternalist's commitment to the sufficiency of autonomy and our intuitions respecting such cases. Attempts can be made to relieve this tension, such as arguing that patients aren't really rational in the circumstances envisaged, or that other values, such as privacy or bodily integrity, if added to autonomy, are sufficient to justify an anti-paternalistic stance. All such attempts fail, however. But what does not fail is the addition of religious freedom, freedom respecting a patient's religious beliefs and values. Why religious freedom reduces the tension is then explained...

Baseline Predictors of Ninety Percent or Higher Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in a Diverse Urban Sample: The Role of Patient Autonomy and Fatalistic Religious Beliefs

Finocchario-Kessler, S.; Catley, D.; Berkley-Patton, J.; Gerkovich, M.; Williams, K.; Banderas, J.; Goggin, K.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.55%
The role of patient autonomy and influence of religious/spiritual beliefs on antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is to date not fully understood. This study assessed baseline predictors of high ART adherence (≥90%) measured by electronic drug monitors (EDM) at 12 and 24 weeks after enrollment in a randomized controlled trial testing behavioral interventions to improve ART adherence. Baseline data were collected with audio computer-assisted self interviews (ACASI) surveys among a diverse urban sample of HIV-infected participants (n = 204) recruited from community clinics in a large midwestern city. Baseline variables included a range of established ART adherence predictors as well as several less frequently studied variables related to patient autonomy and religious/spiritual beliefs. Statistically significant (p < 0.05) variables identified in univariate analyses were included in subsequent multivariate analyses predicting higher than 90% adherence at 12 and 24 weeks. Several baseline predictors retained statistical significance in multivariate analysis at 24 weeks. Baseline levels of autonomous support from friends and family, motivation to adhere, and having an active coping style were all positively associated with adherence...

Possibilidades e desafios da atuação do psicólogo junto a idosos participantes de grupos religiosos.; Possibilities and challenges of the psychologist with the elderly participants from religious groups.

Siqueira, Vanusa Pires
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: Texto
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Este estudo teve como principal objetivo analisar as possibilidades de intervenção e atuação de um psicólogo junto a idosos em grupos religiosos. Para a realização dessa pesquisa foi realizada uma entrevista semiestruturada seguida de uma oficina de recorte e colagem, cujos sujeitos foram seis idosos com idade acima de 60 anos de ambos os sexos participantes de grupos religiosos. As entrevistas foram gravadas e transcritas preservando as falas dos participantes que foram categorizadas em: envolvimento de atividades diárias, família, convivência social, idoso como cuidador e vivência religiosa Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que a participação destes idosos nesses grupos religiosos é importante no fortalecimento de autonomia, pois tais grupos oferecem suporte social que possibilita aos idosos se sentirem ativos diante as atividades propostas dentro do grupo. Foi destacada a importância da atuação do psicólogo no contexto grupal que oferece espaço de escuta e acolhimento para que essas pessoas possam se sentirem mais confiantes e ajuda a refletir a respeito das situações vivenciadas.; This study aimed to examine the possibilities for intervention and action of a psychologist with elderly people in religious groups. To carry out this research was conducted a semistructured interview followed by a workshop for cutting and pasting...

The Government Can't, May, or Must Fund Religious Schools: Three Riddles of Constitutional Change for Laurence Tribe

Minow, Martha Louise
Fonte: University of Tulsa College of Law Publicador: University of Tulsa College of Law
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
Three linked puzzles arise with the constitutionality of public funding private schools - where the funding scheme excludes religious schools: how can the demands of both the Establishment and Free Exercise clause be satisfied; what does respecting precedent mean when there is a recent reversal of one line of cases, and when does federalism demand deference to the supremacy of the federal constitution or instead respect for state autonomy? The puzzling conjunction of the free exercise and establishment could lead government actors has led the Supreme Court to call for "play-in-the-joints," allowing some distance between government aid and religious institutions even at if it limits the free exercise of some individuals who at the margin may choose a non-religious path in order to get the public subsidy. The second puzzle - how to respect precedent when a recent new precedent overturns an older one - suggests some respect people's reliance on surrounding precedents, here governing the pre-existing relationship between religion and government. The third puzzle, federalism's Janus-faced tribute to state autonomy, requires federal supremacy but should permit the variety that decentralization enables. Given these puzzles, consideration of policy effects is justified; it is relevant to consider how mandating public funding of vouchers and tax credits redeemable at parochial schools as part of any public educational aid would likely lead many more families to opt for private religious schools...

The confiscation of goods of the civil and religious communities and the Mexican Revolution of 1910; La desamortización de bienes de las comunidades civiles y religiosas y la Revolución Mexicana de 1910

Barney, Oscar Cruz
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
The lands of the indigenous communities of New Spain allowed them, through a specific legal structure, to have an important grade of autonomy. This property structure was considered not compatible with the idea of equality established by the Constitutions during the XIX century. That leads to a number of legal reforms to force this communities to sell their lands. Those legal reforms became the seeds of the Mexican Revolution of 1910.; La propiedad de las comunidades indígenas en la Nueva España permitió, a través de un esquema de protección a la misma, que dichas poblaciones se desarrollasen con un grado de autonomía importante. Ese esquema de propiedad no se consideró compatible con la idea de igualdad constitucional en el siglo XIX, lo que llevó a los procesos de desamortización de bienes de comunidades civiles y religiosas. Dichas reformas legislativas se convirtieron en la semilla para la Revolución Mexicana de 1910.

Freedom of religion or belief: Group right or individual right?

Scolnicov, Anat
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 EN
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Freedom of religious and belief is a recognized right in international law. In order to understand, interpret, develop and implement this right, it is important to go back and analyse the fundamental reasoning behind this right. Freedom of religion and belief is a contradictory right: a freedom for self-constraint. It is a double-sided right, a right of expression and a right of identity, two aspects related to individual and group perceptions of this right. Therefore, this right must be understood through a conflict between competing conceptions of individual and group rights. International law should protect the religious freedoms of individuals, and should protect groups only as derivative from the rights of individuals, and never in contravention of them, and generally does so. Current tendencies towards recognising group rights raise concerns, highlighting the importance of this determination. The conceptual analysis of the right serves as a critical tool for discussion of specific conflicts of rights regarding religious freedom, in different area of legal regulation. Different state constitutional structures concerning religion have important implications for analysis of the group/individual conflict. A categorization of constitutional arrangements shows that each presents problems for guaranteeing religious freedom. The constitutional analysis shows religions have public characteristics...

Religious orientation and psychological well-being among Spanish undergraduates

García-Alandete,Joaquín; Bernabé Valero,Gloria
Fonte: Acción Psicológica Publicador: Acción Psicológica
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2013 ENG
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This paper analyzes the relationship between intrinsic/extrinsic/quest religious orientation and psychological well-being in a sample of 180 Spanish undergraduates, 138 women (76.7%) and 42 men (23.3%), aged 18-55, M = 22.91, sD = 6.71. Spanish adaptations of the Batson and Ventis´ Religious Orientation Scaleand the Ryff´s psychological Well-Being Scales were used to this aim. The results of a multiple regression analysis showed (1) a positive relationship between the intrinsic orientation and the psychological well-being measures except for Autonomy, (2) a negative relationship between the extrinsic orientation and Autonomy, and (3) a negative relationship between the quest orientation, Self-acceptance and Purpose in life. The results are discussed in the light of previous researches.