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Ecuador : The Faces of Informality (Las Caras de La Informalidad)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Informality hampers economic performance at both macro and micro levels. High degree of informality and low economic growth tend to go hand-in-hand, although evidence shows that the relationship likely comes from common determinants of both. Informality in Ecuador remains high compared to other countries. This study offers a novel look at informality in Ecuador by directly asking firm owners and workers about their views and behavior. The analysis of the causes and costs of informality for firms in Ecuador in this study is based on data from a 2011 enterprise survey commissioned specifically for this study and complemented by focus groups and in-depth interviews. The survey captures the aspects of the regulatory framework which are most problematic for compliance, and the specific reasons for non-compliance. The study focuses on micro and small firms in the urban areas of Ecuador. The sectors of activity, geographic locations, and sizes of firms covered by this study were agreed upon with the Government during the initial consultations on the report. The study finds that many micro and small firms in Ecuador have limited growth potential...

The Middle East and North Africa : A Year in Transition

Freund, Caroline; Ianchovichina, Elena; Wood, Christina; Mottaghi, Lili
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
This note is based on report entitled Looking Ahead after a Year in Transition that was issued by the Chief Economist s office of the Middle East and North Africa region of the World Bank. Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Yemen are given special attention because each of them experienced a revolution and a major political change in 2011 and is undergoing a process of political transition toward democracy. In each of the four focus countries, the transition authorities have been charged with implementing agreed time-bound actions leading to democratic elections for new constitutions, presidents and /or parliamentary bodies. Tunisia s new elections are expected to be held no later than June 30, 2013. Egypt lacks a full constitution and parliament, and the transition framework remains uncertain, having been reshaped multiple times by a series of constitutional declarations, laws, decrees, legal challenges and court rulings. Libya barring major disruptions appears to be on track to adopt its new constitution in 2013. In Yemen the new government led by President Hadi is overseeing a two year transition period that is to end with elections.

Timor-Leste : Public Investment Management from Post-Conflict Reconstruction to the 2011-2020 Strategic Development Plan

Rab, Habib; Petrie, Murray
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This chapter captures some of the Public Investment Management (PIM) lessons and experiences from Timor-Leste as it tried to meet urgent infrastructure demands in a post-conflict environment, which benefited from a surge in petroleum receipts. It looks at institutional changes using standard features of Public Investment Management systems starting from the immediate post-independence period in 1999 right up to the launch of Timor-Leste s Strategic Development Plan in July 2011. Increased control over domestic resources over this period, thanks to the onset of natural resource rents, gave the government more autonomy over prioritization and management of capital expenditure. It also enabled use of the Capital Budget to pursue multiple objectives including consolidating social stability, stimulating economic activity outside Dili, delivering quick results to address urgent infrastructure needs, and growth of the domestic private sector. The chapter tries to highlight some of the trade-offs that the PIM system faced in trying to meet these different objectives. It finally looks at some of the institutional reforms that the government embarked on in 2011 when the focus was shifting to large investments for long-term growth. This included centralizing selected PIM functions for large projects and decentralizing those functions for smaller projects.

Curated performances for National Reconciliation Week 2011 (‘Let’s Talk Recognition’): The University of Adelaide Official Reconciliation Conversation & Celebrations, Fri 27 May 2011, and Reconciliation Down Rundle – Healthy Land, Living and Culture together with Mabo Day National Celebration, 3 June 2011

Petherick, D.J.; Newsome, J.; Pak Poy, A.; Peters, E.; Rotumah, G.; Turner, A.
Fonte: Reconciliation South Australia Inc. / State Government of South Australia / Adealide City Council / Drug & Alcohol Services South Australia; Rundle Mall, Adelaide, Australia Publicador: Reconciliation South Australia Inc. / State Government of South Australia / Adealide City Council / Drug & Alcohol Services South Australia; Rundle Mall, Adelaide, Australia
Tipo: Event
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
National Reconciliation Week commemorates two significant historical milestones in Australia — the successful 1967 Referendum and the High Court Mabo decision. The Centre for Aboriginal Studies in Music (CASM) curates numerous music performances at this time, which in 2011 included two commissioned music events: 1. The University of Adelaide annual official recognition & celebration event; and 2. Reconciliation Down Rundle (sponsored by SA State Government, Adelaide City Council, Reconciliation SA) in which Indigenous musicians from CASM present their music to the public, including during peak time (11am – 3 pm) in the heart of Adelaide’s central shopping precinct, the Rundle Mall.

Conflict-Induced Migration in Sudan and Post-Referendum Challenges

ASSAL, Munzoul
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
Migration in Sudan is caused primarily by protracted conflict and includes various categories of migrants: IDPs, refugees, and to some extent economic migrants. This paper deals primarily with internally displaced persons (IDPs), particularly those from southern Sudan who live in Khartoum. In 2004, it was estimated that 17 percent of Sudan’s population had been internally displaced. Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, few IDPs returned to the south. Additionally, in January 2011, southern Sudanese citizens exercised the right of self-determination. The future of those southerners who are still in Khartoum and other parts of north Sudan is uncertain. In Khartoum, the government declared that southerners will be treated as foreign nationals after the independence of south Sudan on July 9th 2011. Therefore, the issues of conflict-induced migration will survive the peace agreement and the south gaining its independence. This paper is based on existing data on IDPs and on the author’s research on the same subject. It analyzes the causes and the consequences of the conflict, in particular forced migration. The paper empirically analyzes living conditions and coping strategies in two IDP settlements in Khartoum: Al Salam and Al Fatih.; Un très long conflit est la cause principale des migrations au Soudan qui incluent différentes catégories de migrants : déplacés internes...

Online communication spheres in social movements campaigns : the Italian referendum on water

CERNISON, Matteo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.62%
In 2011, a vast coalition of social movement actors coordinated one of the largest and most successful political campaign that characterized recent Italian history, organizing and winning a referendum that blocked a serious attempt to privatize the entire water distribution network. In a year characterized by intense mobilizations throughout the world – with the Occupy, the 15-M and the so called Arab Spring protests dominating the scene – the main Italian organizations and networks coalesced, with the external support of some small declining or newly formed parties, and gradually captured an increasing attention in society. The main environment of action of the Referendum supporters slowly passed from the Italian streets, assemblies, and squares, to the websites of the organizations, and – during the very last phase of the campaign – to Facebook, finally conquering at least in part the very closed space of the Italian mass media. On Facebook, in particular, the politically oriented communication of the referendum supporters proved to be very pervasive: the words referendum and quorum were the most present in the statuses of the Italian users of this platform for the entire 2011. The dissertation explores in detail this successful campaign...

Dos textos relativos a las reformas constitucionales de 2011 en Marruecos: el Memorando del Partido Autenticidad y Modernidad y el Manifiesto del Partido Socialista Unificado

Iborra Rubio, Juan Francisco
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
En respuesta a las manifestaciones pidiendo m??s democracia y reformas pol??ticas en Marruecos, aglutinadas en torno al movimiento 20 de febrero, el rey Mu???ammad VI pronunci?? un discurso en marzo de 2011, instando a la reforma de la Constituci??n de 1996. La nueva Constituci??n fue aprobada en refer??ndum en julio de 2011. Los textos traducidos aqu?? ofrecen la respuesta de dos de los principales partidos pol??ticos, PAM y PSU, a dicho discurso.; Responding to protests calling for greater democracy and political reform in Morocco, gathered around the movement 20th February, King Mu???ammad VI gave a speech in March, urging the reform of the Constitution of 1996. The new Constitution was approved in a referendum in July 2011. The texts translated here provide the response of two of the main political parties, PAM and PSU, to this speech.

Government of Repbulic of South Sudan Public Finance Management Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.11%
The purpose of the assessment is to assess the public finance management (PFM) system performance of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS). This public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) assessment is focused on the GRSS. At the time of the assessment, South Sudan was a semi-autonomous part of Sudan managed by the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS), as part of the Government of National Unity (GoNU) that included both GoSS and the Government of Sudan. This report will later feed into a country integrated fiduciary assessment (CIFA) along with a country procurement assessment report prepared during June to July 2011 by a World Bank team on GRSS's procurement system, using the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development-Development Assistance Center (OECD-DAC) assessment methodology, and with a PFM diagnostics study on four state governments (Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Western Equatoria, and Jonglei) that was conducted during June 2011. The CIFA will include an action plan for implementing PFM reforms. This report is organized as follows: chapter one gives introduction; chapter two focuses on South Sudan background information; chapter three presents assessment of the PFM systems...

Montenegro After the Crisis : Towards a Smaller and More Efficient Government

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.11%
Recognizing the important progress with structural reforms so far, on October 12, 2011, the European Commission recommended the opening of formal membership negotiations for Montenegro. Further, in December 2011, Montenegro was granted the membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO), and in June 2012, the country is expected to open the first chapters in membership negotiations with the European Union (EU). These are major milestones on Montenegro's road to the European Union provides a broad external and institutional context, and the destination, for its ongoing reform efforts in a complex international economic environment. In this context, Montenegro needs to continue to strive to improve its policy environment and manage its public expenditures efficiently and improve the quality of public services for all its citizens. Building on the past analytical reports and ongoing economic policy dialogue, this report aims to provide new analysis, ideas, and policy advice to Montenegro's authorities on how to accelerate its public expenditure reforms with the view to reducing cost...

World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update 2011, Volume 2 : Navigating Turbulence, Sustaining Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Growth in developing East Asia in the first half of 2011 remained strong, but continued to moderate, mainly due to weakening external demand. Global growth was also affected by supply shocks from geopolitical disturbances in the Middle East, supply chain disruptions following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, and a slower-than-expected recovery of private demand in crisis-affected countries. More recently, uncertainties over fiscal sustainability in the U.S. and sovereign debt in the Euro zone fed financial volatility and affected investor and consumer sentiment. Domestic demand in East Asian economies has also been softening, driven by the normalization of fiscal and monetary policy, although it remained robust and the largest contributor to growth. We project that real Gross Domestic Product(GDP) in developing East Asia will increase by 8.2 percent in 2011 (4.7 percent excluding China), while growth will slow to 7.8 percent in 2012. Risks are on the downside, however. Based on the still robust current growth projections, the proportion of people living on less than US$2 a day in developing East Asia is expected to decrease to about 24 percent in 2011, down two percentage points from 2010, and an estimated 38 million people are projected to move out of poverty. However...

Referendum, Response, and Consequences for Sudan : The Game between Juba and Khartoum

Elbadawi, Ibrahim; Milante, Gary; Pischedda, Costantino
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
This paper presents a game theory model of the strategic interaction between Khartoum and Juba leading up to the referendum on Sudan's partition in 2011. The findings show that excessive militarization and brinksmanship is a rational response for both actors, neither of which can credibly commit to lower levels of military spending under the current status quo. This militarization is often at the expense of health and education expenditures, suggesting that the opportunity cost of militarization is foregone economic development. These credibility issues might be resolved by democratization, increased transparency, reduction of information asymmetries, and efforts to promote economic and political cooperation. The paper explores these devices, demonstrating how they can contribute to Pareto preferred outcomes in equilibrium. The authors characterize the military expenditure associated with the commitment problem experienced by both sides, estimate its costs from data for Sudan, and identify the opportunity cost of foregone development implied by continued...

Il bene comune tra scienza e senso comune. Linguaggi, concezioni ed esperienze

BELOTTI, FRANCESCA
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
IT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Il lavoro di tesi dottorale consiste in un'indagine teorica ed empirica volta ad offrire una definizione di "bene comune" che integri i costrutti teorici delle discipline che studiano la nozione da un punto di vista specialistico (Diritto, Economia, Scienze sociali e politiche) con le concezioni di senzo comune elaborate dagli attori sociali (cittadini romani) in occasione del referendum per l'"Acqua Bene Comune", tenutosi in Italia nel giugno del 2011. L'obiettivo principale cui questo lavoro mira è controllare empiricamente se e in che misura la partecipazione al referendum fosse associata ad un'idea di "bene comune", e se e quali aspetti della definizione tecnico-scientifica (elaborata a segueti di un'attenta ricognizione teorica sulla letteratura giuridica, economica, sociologica e politologica) fossero presenti nelle concezioni di senso comune rilevate.

Decisão CFB n. 001 de 04 de fevereiro de 2011

Conselho Federal de Biblioteconomia
Fonte: Conselho Federal de Biblioteconomia Publicador: Conselho Federal de Biblioteconomia
Tipo: Outros
PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.11%
Decide, Ad Referendum do Plenário, alterar, em caráter excepcional, o período para descontos no pagamento da anuidade de 2011 aos profissionais registrados na jurisdição do CRB- 11.; 1. P

La comunicazione e i referendum sull'acqua : nuove strategie tra rete e territori

CERNISON, Matteo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.23%
Cernison investigates the 2011 online communication campaign that lead to the victory of the Italian referendum against water privatization. In particular, the chapter evidences how a very large and disperse network of activists and social movement organizations evolved its communication strategies during the campaign, adopting innovative social media strategies and giving live to less centralized and loosely coordinated.

Direct Democracy and Online Mobilization: New Media Strategies to Galvanize Millennial Voters

Ritchie, Shannon
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 25/04/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Policy Question What new media tactics should be employed to galvanize North Carolina Millennial voters in the run-up to the May 8, 2012 vote on Amendment One? Background and Policy Context The Coalition to Protect All NC Families was formed October 2011 in response to legislation passed by the NC General Assembly, Senate Bill 514, in support of a constitutional amendment that reads, “Marriage between one man and one woman is the only domestic legal union that shall be valid or recognized in this state.” Voters in NC will have the opportunity to vote “for” or “against” this amendment on May 8, 2012. The Coalition has been leading a campaign, on behalf of more than 100 member organizations, to educate voters on the harmful effects of this amendment and mobilize them to turnout and vote against it. Given the short timeline, this group is especially concerned with voter turnout. For this reason, they are particularly interested in Millennials as a target demographic for this research. As I later outline, this age group (18-31) is overwhelmingly in opposition to the proposed amendment, and is the generation most engaged online. The success of the campaign hinges on engaging this critical demographic. Data, Methods and Analysis My research strategy includes three steps: 1. Identify existing new media strategies used in previous ballot measure initiatives. 2. Research new media best practices...

The European Union act 2011: a failed statute

Murkens, Jo Eric Khushal
Fonte: Department of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /02/2013 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
If there was one area in which the two coalition parties needed to produce a workable agreement as a matter of priority after the May 2010 election, it was the European Union. The European Union Act (EUA) 2011 builds on a political guarantee in the coalition agreement that there will be no transfers of sovereign powers until the next election (in 2015). That undertaking was intended to pacify the Europhobic wing of the Conservative party that had demanded but failed to get a national referendum on the hated Lisbon Treaty. As a result, the EUA contains all sorts of compromises: it delivers a referendum requirement, but not on the Lisbon Treaty; it affirms that the source of the validity of EU law is a domestic statute, but without mentioning the sovereignty of Parliament; it introduces constitutional safeguards, but without entrenching them against repeal by a future Parliament. Unfortunately, the EUA does not reflect the politics of compromise in a consensus democracy: it reflects dissent between the governing parties and within the Conservative party and, in most respects, is a compromised and failed statute.

Book review: how do we inspire political interest in the British public? A study of the 2011 AV Referendum

Datu, Kerwin
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/05/2012 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.55%
As political scientists and commentators watch and wait for local election results to come in, what many will find most shocking, although not surprising, are the low voter turn out rates. It seems that the British public remain largely disinterested in elections, a problem also encountered in the AV referendum. Kerwin Datu reviews this recent book on the mistakes and delusions of the Yes campaign, noting that lessons must be learned before we see any new wave of political interest. Don’t Take No for an Answer: The 2011 Referendum and the Future of Electoral Reform. Lewis Baston and Ken Ritchie. Biteback Publishing. September 2011.

Book Review: Don’t take no for an answer: the 2011 referendum and the future of electoral reform by Lewis Baston and Ken Ritchie

Datu, Kerwin
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/05/2011 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.55%
As political scientists and commentators watch and wait for local election results to come in, what many will find most shocking, although not surprising, are the low voter turn out rates. It seems that the British public remain largely disinterested in elections, a problem also encountered in the AV referendum. Kerwin Datu reviews this recent book on the mistakes and delusions of the Yes campaign, noting that lessons must be learned before we see any new wave of political interest. Don’t Take No for an Answer: The 2011 Referendum and the Future of Electoral Reform. Lewis Baston and Ken Ritchie. Biteback Publishing. September 2011.

The 2011 Welsh General Election: an analysis of the latest staging post in the maturing of Welsh Politics

Cole, Michael
Fonte: Democratic Audit UK Publicador: Democratic Audit UK
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/02/2014 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.11%
The May 2011 Welsh General Election represented an important staging post in the development of a mature democracy as it followed immediately from the referendum result which gave the Assembly full-primary legislative powers. Here Michael Cole draws on an article written with Professor Laura McAllister, recently published by Parliamentary Affairs, to discuss the campaign, its results and the operation of the electoral system.

The Scottish National Party’s success in winning an outright majority at Holyrood in May 2011 was an extraordinary result in an ‘ordinary’ election. Research shows that Scots voters did not move further towards secession and independence

Johns, Rob; Mitchell, James; Carman, Chris
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/07/2011 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
The coalition government at Westminster has promised more devolution to Scotland. But in May 2011 Scottish voters gave SNP leader Alex Salmond a clear majority in the Scottish Parliament, thus making a referendum on secession from the UK inevitable by 2014. Rob Johns, James Mitchell and Chris Carman from the Scottish Election Study read the runes on what Scots voters intended at this historic election, and find that they were overwhelmingly rewarding Salmond and the SNP for effective leadership and government at Holyrood. The 2011 election may hence be more ‘ordinary’ than it appears, with voters responding to the same political cues that matter across the UK.