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Racismo contra negros: um estudo sobre o preconceito sutil; Racism against blacks: a research about a subtle prejudice

Nunes, Sylvia da Silveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
O racismo é um tema pouco abordado na psicologia, no entanto, tratase de um problema social sério. Pesquisas têm observado, em vários países, a frequência cada vez maior da forma sutil de preconceito em contraposição à diminuição da forma mais explícita. Nesse sentido, nosso objetivo foi compreender melhor essa nova fisionomia do racismo o preconceito sutil. Uma parte do estudo foi realizada no Brasil e outra, na Espanha. Dentre os vários grupos humanos possíveis de ser alvo de práticas racistas, enfocamos o racismo contra negros no Brasil e contra gitanos na Espanha. Embora existam diferenças na história de cada grupo, é comum entre eles o fato de estar há séculos em território brasileiro e espanhol, respectivamente, e persistirem as práticas discriminatórias contra eles. A presente pesquisa combinou métodos quantitativo (escalas de preconceito sutil e flagrante de Pettigrew e Meertens) e qualitativo (entrevistas). No Brasil, 235 alunos responderam ao questionário e 71 estudantes, na Espanha. Destes, 15 foram entrevistados na pesquisa realizada no Brasil e 4, na Espanha. Para a análise dos dados quantitativos, foram feitas provas estatísticas. Para as entrevistas, foram formuladas categorias de análise. Os dados dos questionários apontaram: (1) maior facilidade dos espanhóis em declarar o racismo; (2) os homens mostraram maior preconceito do que as mulheres...

Racismo e violação aos direitos humanos pela internet: estudo da Lei nº 7.716/89; Racism and human rights violations in internet: a study of the Federal Law n 7.716/89

Melo, Celso Eduardo Santos de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/07/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
Este trabalho tem como objeto específico o estudo da Lei nº 7.716/89, sobretudo o artigo 20, relativo às condutas tipificadas como crime de racismo quando praticadas utilizando-se como meio de publicação a Internet. Diante desse desafio, foi preciso verificar o histórico da questão das relações raciais no Brasil, bem como as previsões atuais de proteção do Estado contra as formas de discriminação racial. Em vista do meio utilizado na prática de condutas delituosas, a internet, foi necessário tecer um estudo eficaz do meio eletrônico, bem como do que comumente já se chama de sociedade da informação, para se compreender o alcance dos crimes eletrônicos. Trata-se a presente pesquisa de uma investigação bibliográfica quanto ao racismo sob a perspectiva de violação aos Direitos Humanos, desenvolvendo-se por meio de uma análise dos institutos jurídicos aplicáveis contra as formas de discriminação na Internet no Brasil. Mediante o exposto, um estudo do direito comparado no que tange à matéria foi pertinente para se compreender como os Estados têm enfrentado o problema e firmado suas obrigações em prol da igualdade e erradicação do racismo e discriminação em seus territórios. Por fim, o estudo do diploma legal pátrio e seu sustentáculo ideológico: o bloco de constitucionalidade e princípios fundamentais. Diante destas investigações...

Corpos e culturas invisibilizados na escola: racismo, aulas de educação física e insurgência multicultural; Bodies and cultures made unseeable in school: racism, physical education classes and multicultural insurgency

Lins Rodrigues, Antonio Cesar
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.33%
A presente pesquisa examina a presença do racismo em uma escola pública municipal do estado de São Paulo identificando, em sua recorrência, a geração dos dispositivos de invisibilização de certos corpos e culturas nas séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental. Tem no cotidiano escolar o seu lócus de atuação e, nas aulas de Educação Física, o seu foco prioritário de observação e análise. Acolhe também os demais ambientes escolares como espaços onde se perpetuam as relações desiguais de poder, produtoras dessa forma de discriminação racial. Analisa criticamente o fenômeno a partir de duas principais perspectivas: a primeira são os Estudos Culturais fundamentados em Hall (1997, 2000, 2006) e Silva (1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2010); e a segunda o multiculturalismo crítico a partir das ideias de McLaren (2000). No que tange ao racismo, os escritos de Munanga (2000, 2005, 2008), Telles (2003) e Carone e Bento (2007) compõem o suporte teórico orientador. O estudo tenciona o entendimento de alguns dos mecanismos de exclusão que desautorizam determinados sujeitos e todas as suas representações sócio-histórico-culturais. Identifica a presença de uma identidade-referência fundada no modelo branco, masculino e euro-estadunidense que há décadas permeia a construção das subjetividades de alunas e alunos...

Escola e enfrentamento do racismo: as experiências das professoras ganhadoras do Prêmio Educar para a Igualdade Racial; School and racism confrontation: the experiences of winners teachers of Prêmio Educar para a Igualdade Racial

Calado, Maria da Glória
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
No Brasil, ainda hoje, persiste o ideário do mito da democracia racial. Embora a intervenção curricular efetuada pela Lei 10.639/03 possa ser entendida como um avanço para o reconhecimento e a problematização da questão racial, não é raro que ainda verifiquemos no ambiente escolar a negação do racismo, por vezes, manifestada pelo silenciamento dos atores escolares, frente às manifestações de preconceito e de discriminação racial. Nossa pesquisa teve por objetivo analisar os relatos de professoras sobre as práticas pedagógicas laureadas pela 4ª edição do Premio Educar para a Igualdade Racial, buscando investigar as contribuições dessas práticas no enfrentamento do racismo no contexto escolar. Para a análise, adotamos o método qualitativo de pesquisa. O referencial teórico utilizado é proveniente de diferentes áreas do conhecimento, como a história, a sociologia, a educação e, sobretudo, a psicanálise. Devemos aos aportes da psicanálise o uso do conceito de enquadre, aqui, utilizado como instrumento para entender as relações entre o racismo e a formação da subjetividade dos sujeitos (BLEGER, 1998; COSTA, 2012). O uso do conceito de enquadre foi fundamental para compreender o modo como as práticas pedagógicas realizadas pelas professoras podem romper com estereótipos...

Racismo e sindicalismo : reconhecimento, redistribuição e ação politica das centrais sindicais acerca do racismo no Brasil (1983-2002); Racism and syndicalism : recognition, redistributions and political action by labor-unions about racism in Brazil

Jair Batista da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta tese discute como as duas principais centrais sindicais abordam o racismo no Brasil. O fio condutor utilizado foi a polêmica com a teoria do reconhecimento, cuja finalidade era tornar patente que as lutas por reconhecimento estão articuladas às lutas por redistribuição. Deste modo, a pesquisa evidenciou através de sistemática análise documental como a luta econômica, política e cultural se articulam no interior do sindicalismo brasileiro para sublinhar como os ativistas sindicais pensam o racismo, o preconceito e a discriminação racial. Em outros termos, demonstra-se como a luta de classe pode, e deve, se combinar com as lutas identitárias (lutas por reconhecimento) - especialmente a luta anti-racista -, com a finalidade de transformar práticas e culturas políticas arraigadas na tradição sindical. Por isso, a investigação deteve-se ainda sobre o conceito de classe social. A pesquisa analisou teses e resoluções de congressos, plenárias, documentos conjuntos, livros, jornais e revistas etc. Se o sindicalismo brasileiro tem passado, nos últimos anos, por profundas alterações, então aos dirigentes sindicais têm aparecido novas demandas: políticas, econômicas e culturais que provocam significativas mudanças na cultura política das entidades sindicais: lutas por igualdade de gênero...

Crime de racismo ou injuria qualificada? : tipificações e representações das ocorrencias de praticas racistas entre os delegados de policia de Campinas; Crime of racism or qualified insult? : typifications and representations of police ocurrences of racist practices among police delegates of Campinas

Marcio Henrique Casimiro Lopes Silva Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/11/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.33%
A partir das dificuldades observadas entre os agentes jurídicos quanto a prerrogativa legal que possuem de qualificar as ocorrências policiais de práticas racistas em crime de racismo ou de injúria qualificada, buscou-se compreender os usos e sentidos atribuídos à legislação antirracismo, assim como as próprias concepções dos agentes sobre o tema. Entre aqueles agentes, os delegados de polícia da cidade de Campinas foram escolhidos para entrevistas pessoais nos distritos onde atuavam. Com as entrevistas, procurou-se trilhar os caminhos do tratamento jurídico destinado às discriminações racistas, tornando possível observar como operam alguns padrões de valor cultural ante àquela prerrogativa. Pôde-se observar como esta prática não se restringia àquela prerrogativa e nem à esfera das relações jurídicas, mas fazia parte de um contexto institucional maior, revelando-se como uma das faces de um racismo institucionalizado e que possuía implicações significativas sobre o exercício efetivo da cidadania plena. Tomou forma, assim, uma situação de subordinação social na qual o quadro normativo da sociedade não oferecia o suporte necessário à participação paritária na vida social, constituindo-se as práticas jurídicas como um importante mecanismo de reprodução das desigualdades sociais; From the difficulties between the legal staff on legal prerogative to qualify the police occurrence of racist practices in crime of racism or qualified injury...

Racism in Portugal; the recent research

Marques, João Filipe
Fonte: European Society for the Education of Adults Publicador: European Society for the Education of Adults
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /04/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
In spite of the theoretical and empirical diversity we can find some common features in the results of the investigations on racism in Portugal. Firstly, all investigations have in common the fact that they have made clear that the «myth» of the Portuguese «non racism», so widespread among the population is nothing but a myth – there is racism in Portugal. But this national myth became a sort of «self fulfilling prophecy» since, apparently, it has prevented the entry of racism into the political arena. Secondly, another common conclusion of the investigations on racism is that there is no connection between racism, nationalism, national identity issues and immigration. Immigrants are not seen as a threat to the national identity or to the Portuguese culture, and there are no political or common sense discourses on the theme of «invasion». On the other hand, all the studies are unanimous underlining that there really exists a «gypsy issue» in the contemporary Portugal. Indeed, even the investigations that have other groups as a subject of study, conclude that the main victims of racism are the small communities of Portuguese gypsies and that they are probably victims of a racism more intense than the one that affects other groups. This communication aims to do a first evaluation of the results of the research about racism in Portugal in order to guide both the future in-depth studies on the subject and the policies to fight these phenomena.

Does Racism Harm Health? Did Child Abuse Exist Before 1962? On Explicit Questions, Critical Science, and Current Controversies: An Ecosocial Perspective

Krieger, Nancy
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Research on racism as a harmful determinant of population health is in its infancy. Explicitly naming a long-standing problem long recognized by those affected, this work has the potential to galvanize inquiry and action, much as the 1962 publication of the Kempe et al. scientific article on the “battered child syndrome” dramatically increased attention to—and prompted new research on—the myriad consequences of child abuse, a known yet neglected social phenomenon. To further work on connections between racism and health, the author addresses 3 interrelated issues: (1) links between racism, biology, and health; (2) methodological controversies over how to study the impact of racism on health; and (3) debates over whether racism or class underlies racial/ethnic disparities in health.

Reflexões sobre raça e racismo em sala de aula: uma pesquisa com duas professoras de inglês negras; Reflections on race and racism in the classroom: a survey of two teachers of English black

SILVA, Paula de Almeida
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The present study is a recherche-formation accomplished by two graduating black female English teachers and supported by a researcher. This study attempted to investigate the meaning of race and racism for these teachers and how these two themes were approached in their lessons. Furthermore, it attempts to investigate the consequences of the research for the life of these teachers. In order to carry out this work studies about four themes were used as theoretical background: race and racism (CARNEIRO, 2002; FOUCAULT, 1999; GUIMARÃES, 1999; Hooks, 1992; MOORE, 2007; MUNANGA, 2004; STEPAN, 2005; SALES JR., 2006); language (AUSTIN, 1975; WEEDWOOD, 2002; RAJAGOPALAN, 2003; BAKHTIN, 1888); critical teaching and teaching education (GOMES, 1995; GONÇALVES E SILVA, 2006; FREIRE, 1993; MOITA LOPES, 2002); and recherche-formation (JOSSO, 1999; 2000; 2004). The results show that, by participating in the meetings promoted by the research, which focused on their life s history and their classes, the teachers reflected more profoundly about race and racism in Brazil, showing that recherche-formation, based on the participants narratives, helped to better understand how personal and professional relations are intertwined by race and racism. Based on their own reflections...

Racism in Australia: findings of a survey on racist attitudes and experiences of racism

Dunn, Kevin M
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 59325 bytes; 355 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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There is a general dearth of concrete evidence as to the extent of racism in Australia. This paper reports on research into the extent and distribution of intolerant attitudes in Australia, as well as data on the reported experience of racism. A telephone survey of residents throughout the states of Queensland and NSW generated a completed sample of 5056. The constructs of racism that were tested included: tolerance of cultural difference, perceptions on the extent of racism, tolerance of specific groups, ideology of nation, perceptions of Anglo-Celt cultural privilege, and racialism, including separatism and hierarchy. Findings suggest a substantive degree of racism in Australia. Anti-Muslim sentiment is very strong. There is a persistence of intolerance against Asian-, Indigenous and Jewish Australians. Most Australians recognise the problem of racism, yet less than half recognise the cultural privileges that racism accords. Racist attitudes are positively associated with age, non-tertiary education, and to a slightly lesser extent with those who do not speak a language other than English, the Australia-born, and with males. About 15 percent of Australians have experienced racism within institutional settings like the workplace and in education. About one-quarter of Australians report the experience of ‘everyday racisms’. Reporting experiences of racism was higher among indigenous Australians...

Constructions of racism in the Australian parliamentary debates on asylum seekers

Every, D.; Augoustinos, M.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
The proliferation of the subtle and slippery nature of the new racism has made it increasingly difficult to define racism and to develop an effective anti-racist rhetoric with which to challenge it. To explore the implications of the new racism for anti-racist discourse, this article uses discourse analysis to examine the parliamentary speeches of politicians opposing Australia’s new asylum-seeking laws for what these refugee advocates challenge and make accountable as racist. Using a corpus of the 2001 Australian Hansard speeches on the MV Tampa, amendments to the Migration Act, and the Border Protection Bill 2001 as data we identify four ways in which the government’s representation of asylum seekers was constructed as racist. These included: the use of categorical generalizations in talk about asylum seekers, the unequal treatment of asylum seekers compared with other categories of ‘illegal’ immigrants, talk about the nation and cultural-difference-talk. We demonstrate how articulating these constructions of racism in political discourse (and no doubt, in everyday talk) is a socially delicate conversational act that was carefully managed. We suggest that anti-racism strategies must take this issue of the complex nature of making an accusation of racism into account...

The management of accusations of racism in Celebrity Big Brother

Riggs, D.; Due, C.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
The 2007 UK series of Celebrity Big Brother drew considerable attention to Britain as a result of the alleged racist bullying of Bollywood film star Shilpa Shetty by four British celebrity housemates. At stake in these allegations was any perception that Britain as a country promotes inclusivity and discourages racism. In this article, we examine, through an analysis of the exit interviews conducted with the four housemates in question, how accusations of racism were made by the host of Big Brother, and how racism was almost made to disappear in the interviews. Specifically, we elaborate on how racism was constructed not simply as an individual aberration, but more precisely as a matter of perception. We then explore how the host of the interviews avoided making accusations of racism herself by implying that it was others who perceived the behaviours of the housemates as racist, and by using other words (such as ‘bullying’) rather than explicitly referring to racism. We conclude by outlining the implications of our findings for future discursive research on racism, and we emphasize the need to further explore how rhetorical strategies aimed at denying racism operate in the service of shoring up privileged identities.; Damien W. Riggs and Clemence Due

Self-reported racism and experience of toothache among pregnant Aboriginal Australians: the role of perceived stress, sense of control, and social support

Ben, J.; Paradies, Y.; Priest, N.; Parker, E.J.; Roberts-Thomson, K.F.; Lawrence, H.P.; Broughton, J.; Jamieson, L.M.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.46%
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the psychosocial factors perceived stress and sense of personal control mediated the relationship between self-reported racism and experience of toothache. We hypothesized that social support moderated this relationship. METHODS: Data from 365 pregnant Aboriginal Australian women were used to evaluate experience of toothache, socio-demographic factors, psychosocial factors, general health, risk behaviors, and self-reported racism exposure. Hierarchical logistic regression models estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CIs) for experience of toothache. Perceived stress and sense of personal control were examined as mediators of the association between self-reported racism and experience of toothache. Social support was examined as a moderator. RESULTS: Self-reported racism persisted as a risk indicator for experience of toothache (OR 1.99, 95 percent CI 1.07-3.72) after controlling for age, level of education, and difficulty paying a $100 dental bill. The relationship between self-reported racism and experience of toothache was mediated by sense of control. The direct effect of self-reported racism on experience of toothache became only marginally significant, and the indirect effect was significant (β coefficient=0.04...

Experience of racism and tooth brushing among pregnant aboriginal Australians: exploring psychosocial mediators

Ben, J.; Jamieson, L.M.; Priest, N.; Parker, E.J.; Roberts-Thomson, K.F.; Lawrence, H.P.; Broughton, J.; Paradies, Y.
Fonte: Dennis Barber Publicador: Dennis Barber
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.48%
OBJECTIVES: Despite burgeoning evidence regarding the pathways by which experiences of racism influence health outcomes, little attention has been paid to the relationship between racism and oral health-related behaviours in particular. We hypothesised that self-reported racism was associated with tooth brushing, and that this association was mediated by perceived stress and sense of control and moderated by social support. METHODS: Data from 365 pregnant Aboriginal Australian women were used to evaluate tooth brushing behaviour, sociodemographic factors, psychosocial factors, general health, risk behaviours and racism exposure. Bivariate associations were explored and hierarchical logistic regression models estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for tooth brushing. Perceived stress and sense of control were examined as mediators of the association between self-reported racism and tooth brushing using binary mediation with bootstrapping. RESULTS: High levels of self-reported racism persisted as a risk indicator for tooth brushing (OR 0.51, 95%CI 0.27,0.98) after controlling for significant covariates. Perceived stress mediated the relationship between self-reported racism and tooth brushing: the direct effect of racism on tooth brushing was attenuated...

'Taking things personally' : young Muslim women in South Australia discuss identity, religious racism and media representations

Imtoual, Alia Salem
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2851055 bytes; 1176305 bytes; 72997 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Based on the analysis of interviews with young Muslim women in South Australia, and the analysis of two daily newspapers, The Australian and The Advertiser, this thesis looks at themes of religious racism, representation, identity, and resistance to racism. This thesis offers critiques of existing terminology used to describe negativity and hostility based on religious affiliation. It also offers strong arguments for the use of new terminology : religious racism. This thesis argues that the lived experiences of young Muslim women in South Australia are fraught with this racism. It argues that claims of a 'secular' society mask the continuing influence of a Christian heritage and assist in the subordination of religious minorities, particularly Muslims. Following similar research in other contexts, this thesis argues that the news media in Australia ( especially newspapers ) plays a significant role in the ( re ) production of religious racism, primarily through the repeated use of negative representations and stereotypes of Muslims. A number of textual strategies are utilised in this process such as the use of negatively loaded words ( eg 'terrorist' or 'fanatics' ), the types of photographs used, and the kinds of stories deemed newsworthy. Numerous examples of such racism are presented in the discourse analysis of representations of Muslims and Islam in the two newspapers. This thesis also addresses the direct impact of such representations on the participants in the study. Although this thesis presents a number of narratives of religious racism as experienced by the women...

At Home in Canada? Second Generation Negotiations in Racism and Citizenship

Brooks, MEGHAN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 607219 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis research examines second generation Canadians’ negotiations of racism and citizenship with the aim of understanding how the former influences the latter. Through questionnaires and focus group discussion, I examine how they understand their racialized experiences and how they believe those experiences are different from, or related to, those of their parents. In addition, I conducted focus groups with an equivalent number of white Canadians in order to observe how the experiences of second generation Canadians of colour differ from those of their white counterparts. The findings of this thesis show that the negotiations of citizenship and racism of second generation Canadians of colour are not only varied, but multidimensional. Focus group discussions reveal that although they experience a variety of forms of racism, participants maintain a relatively positive outlook on Canadian society. This is likely the outcome of processes of identification and rationalization that distinguish them from both their parents and their white counterparts. That their experiences and perceptions of racism are prone to paradox only adds to the necessity for in-depth study and analysis. Although the influences of racism on feelings of belonging in Canada differ...

‘EQUALITY NOW!’: RACE, RACISM AND RESISTANCE IN 1970s TORONTO

Kierylo, MALGORZATA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
This thesis explores the recognition of institutional racism in Ontario. It examines discourses of institutional racism between the late 1960s and early 1980s and argues that the recognition of institutional racism at the provincial and national levels was facilitated by overt acts of racism in one of Canada’s most populous and diverse cities – Toronto. The targets of overt racism were new immigrants from decolonizing nations who utilized the discourse of rights in the context of an increase in racist incidents to press for state recognition of institutional racism. This rise in racially motivated violence concerned most Canadians as it went against Canadians’ self-perception as a raceless, tolerant and peaceful society. The recognition of structural racism was a gradual and contested process as municipal, provincial and federal government actors often denied its existence and deemed overt acts of racism aberrant. When racist acts did occur, state officials and media reports blamed the increased racial tensions on the personal prejudice of extremists. Activist groups composed of visible minorities and human rights activists were key in the formation of a counter-narrative that challenged this persistent denial of structural racism. These groups played a fundamental role in redefining the nature of racism in Canadian society. A central theme of this dissertation is that disintegrating race relations allowed for a redefinition of the Canadian state. It was the increase in racist incidents in 1970s Toronto that fostered a broad discussion on racism in Canada. This discussion emphasized that Canada’s people of colour experienced second-class citizenship because of structural inequalities which were rooted in Canadian institutions. Racial violence in 1970s Toronto was crucial in the recognition of institutional racism as racist incidents brought visible minorities into the public sphere and gave them an opportunity to identify the existence of systemic and institutional racism in Canadian society. However...

The Slant of the pen : racism in children's books

Fonte: World Council of Churches; World Council of Churches Publicador: World Council of Churches; World Council of Churches
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //1980
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.51%
Preiswerk, Roy, 1934-1982; (Issuing Body) World Council of Churches. Programme to Combat Racism.; World Council of Churches. Office of Education.; H.D. Carberry Collection of Caribbean Studies (University of Illinois at Chicago); Papers presented in Oct. 1978 in Arnoldshain, Germany at a workshop sponsored by the Programme to Combat Racism and the Office of Education of the World Council of Churches.; (Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; Preiswerk, R. Introduction -- Why children's books are biased. Nieves-Falc_n, L. The oppressive function of values, concepts and images in children's books.--Becker, J. Some typical patterns of argumentation leading to racism in children's books -- Where children's books went wrong. Banfield, B. Racism in children's books: an Afro-American perspective -- Kuya, D. Racism in children's books in Britain -- Omotoso, B. Children's books in an African context -- Nieves-Falc_n, L. The ideology of racism in Puerto-Rican children's books -- Lippmann, L. Racism in Australian children's books -- Becker, J. Some specific issues in German children's books and school texts -- Lutz, H. Images of Indians in German children's books -- Religious instruction and racism. L_pke, R. Racism in the religious instruction textbooks of Protestant West Germany -- Cultural arrogance and racism. Preiswerk...

Race and perceived racism, education, and hypertension among Brazilian civil servants: the Pró-Saúde Study

Faerstein,Eduardo; Chor,Dóra; Werneck,Guilherme Loureiro; Lopes,Claudia de Souza; Kaplan,George
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
INTRODUCTION: Brazil has the largest population of African descendants outside Africa. OBJECTIVE: Mindful of the imprint of slavery on their contemporary social position, we investigated the relationship of perceived racism to hypertension. METHODS: We analyzed data (1999 - 2001) from 3,056 civil servants (mean age 42 years; 56% females) at university campuses in Rio participating in the longitudinal Pró-Saúde Study. RESULTS: Cases of prevalent hypertension had measured blood pressure equal to or greater than 140/90 mmHg or used antihypertensive medication. Self-administered questionnaires assessed participants' perceived history of lifetime discrimination (due to race, gender, socioeconomic position, and other attributes) at work and school, neighborhood, public places, and in contact with the police. Participants used 41 terms as responses to an open-ended question on racial self-identification; for these analyses, 48% were classified as afrodescendants. Racial discrimination in at least one setting was reported by 14% of afrodescendants. Compared to whites, the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was higher for afrodescendants with history of self-perceived racism (prevalence ratio - PR = 2.1; 95%CI 1.5 - 3.0) than for those with no such history (PR = 1.5; 95%CI 1.2 - 1.8). Comparing the former to whites...

Racismo em livros didáticos brasileiros e seu combate: uma revisão da literatura; Racism in Brazilian schoolbooks and the fight against it: a review of the literature

Rosemberg, Fúlvia; Bazilli, Chirley; Silva, Paulo Vinícius Baptista da
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2003 POR
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O artigo se propõe a efetuar uma revisão da produção brasileira sobre expressões de racismo em livros didáticos. Baseando-se em estados da arte já publicados e no original (como o de Baptista, 2002), o artigo analisa a produção brasileira sob dois ângulos: publicações que enunciam o racismo em livros didáticos; e publicações que referem-se ao combate ao racismo em livros didáticos. Num percurso histórico, os autores procuram indicar aspectos comuns ao conjunto de análises já produzidas sobre o tema, as lacunas que vêm permanecendo e a diversidade de enfoques teórico-metodológicos sobre os quais elas têm se apoiado. Concluem analisando as principais ações que vêm sendo desenvolvidas tanto pelo movimento negro como pelos órgãos oficiais para combater o racismo nos livros didáticos, tais como o programa Nacional do Livro Didático e a recente Lei nº 10.639 de 9 de janeiro de 2003, que estabelece a obrigatoriedade do ensino da história e cultura afro-brasileira, no ensino fundamental.; The article proposes to present a review of the Brazilian literature on manifestations of racism in schoolbooks. Based on previous reviews of the state-of-the-art as well as on original works (such as Baptista, 2002), the text analyzes the Brazilian production under two perspectives: publications that spell out the racism in schoolbooks...