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Gestão de compras de supermercados: estudo de caso COOP - Cooperativa de Consumo.; Purchasing adminstration in supermarkets - case study - COOP cooperativa de consumo.

Domingues, Osmar
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2001 PT
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56.43%
O estudo teve como objetivo mapear e avaliar a gestão de compras de supermercados ou, mais precisamente, pretendeu descrever e compreender a gestão de compras de uma rede de supermercados no que diz respeito à contribuição estratégica do processo de compras nos resultados do negócio. Para tanto, adotou uma abordagem empírico-teórica orientada por um Estudo de Caso de forma a possibilitar maior aprofundamento e compreensão do objeto investigado. O estudo tomou como base a rede de supermercados COOP – Cooperativa de Consumo, fundada em 1954, para fornecer gêneros alimentícios e produtos de limpeza e de higiene básicos às famílias dos funcionários do grupo Rhodia, residentes no município de Santo André. Apesar de ter iniciado suas atividades como cooperativa de consumo fechada, viu-se obrigada a abrir seu quadro associativo na medida em que incorporou outras cooperativas de consumo da região. O empreendimento foi um sucesso desde o início e rapidamente a Cooperativa expandiu suas bases para as demais cidades da região do ABC e, posteriormente, também para São José dos Campos. Neste ano de 2001, inaugurou sua primeira loja fora do eixo tradicional, iniciando a operação em Tatuí (SP). Hoje com 17 lojas, sendo apenas 3 no interior do Estado de São Paulo...

Um estudo sobre a reconfiguração da função compras em empresas do setor automotivo.; New configuration of sourcing in automotive industry: a study.

Lima, José Carlos de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/03/2004 PT
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26.35%
No decorrer dos anos 90, a função compras nas empresas do setor automotivo passou por uma significativa transformação. A área de compras, que estava tipicamente voltada para a atividade de aquisição, passou a fazer parte de um processo complexo e integrado, envolvendo, além da área de compras, outras áreas da organização (engenharia, qualidade, finanças, logística, marketing, entre outras) que exercem papel estratégico. Vários fatores contribuíram para essa transformação, destacando-se dentre eles: a influência das práticas da produção enxuta (lean production), as novas formas de relacionamento entre as empresas na cadeia de suprimentos, a evolução dos negócios pela Internet, o surgimento de fornecedores mais especializados em função dos avanços tecnológicos e a própria competição global, provocando uma reestruturação organizacional nas empresas. Neste cenário, o presente trabalho estuda a evolução da atividade de compras levando em conta a interdependência entre as dimensões produzir, comprar e fornecer, interdependência essa que, a partir de um determinado projeto de produto, afeta a forma como a área de compras se organiza e opera na empresa e junto à cadeia de suprimentos. Conceitos como sede de projeto...

Micro e pequenas empresas e as compras governamentais : uma abordagem sobre a aplicação do capítulo V da Lei 123/06, no Brasil e em Roraima

Cerino, Pedro de Jesus
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
O Brasil enfrenta o desafio de criar mais emprego e ampliar a geração de renda. O desenvolvimento dos pequenos negócios é condição fundamental para que esses objetivos sejam atendidos, pois são intensivos em postos de trabalho e estão em todos os municípios do país. A sociedade por meio do segmento das Micro e Pequenas Empresas prepararam uma proposta, amplamente discutida, tecnicamente elaborada e longamente negociada. A Lei Geral é o novo Estatuto Nacional das Micro Empresas e das Empresas de Pequeno Porte, Instituído pela Lei Complementar nº 123, de 14 de dezembro de 2006, vem estabelecer normas gerais relativas ao tratamento diferenciado e favorecido a ser dispensado às Microempresas - ME e Empresas de Pequeno Porte - EPP no âmbito dos Poderes da União, dos Estados, do Distrito Federal e dos Municípios. Esta Lei vai preparar o Brasil para uma política efetiva de apoio promoção do desenvolvimento, da competitividade e prosperidade. Unifica impostos e contribuição da União, de Estados e Municípios, dispensa o cumprimento de certas obrigações trabalhistas e previdenciárias, facilita o acesso ao crédito ao mercado, confere preferência nas compras públicas para as empresas de pequeno porte e estimula a inovação tecnológica...

Gestão de compras do Hospital Policlínica Pato Branco: um estudo de caso

Brisol, Francieli Madureira
Fonte: Congresso Internacional de Administração; Pato Branco Publicador: Congresso Internacional de Administração; Pato Branco
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This article presents the results of a case study conducted in a hospital organization, where the purchasing department is of great importance, since its efficiency practically depends on the proper functioning of the same, since the simpler works to more complex ones. However, it is not enough to be efficient in the process; it is necessary economic effectiveness and tunning with offers of health services. Considering that the purchasing administration is an area where there has been a significant transformation in the organizations, in view of its passage from strictly operational to management activity, in the command line of company decisions. It is clear, therefore, the magnitude of the area in economic, financial and logistics terms for any company. The materials management can reduce costs by the certainty that the right materials are in the right place at the right time, and that the company resources are used properly. This is the reason of the planning importance for purchases Based on this, we attempted to observe the daily life of the hospital organization to stand before their trial and error business, looking at how planning occurs in the purchasing sector and how the process is done, finally, the management model practiced there. Through the case study it was possible to make a link between practice and theory to understand and increase knowledge concerning the organization of the purchasing process at Policlinica Pato Branco Hospital.; Este artigo apresenta os resultados de um estudo de caso realizado em uma organização hospitalar...

Contratações públicas e efetividade do princípio do desenvolvimento sustentável: implementação da política no biênio 2011-2012, pela Administração Pública Federal

Coimbra, Lucimara Oldani Taborda
Fonte: Curitiba Publicador: Curitiba
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
The public procurements aim the promotion of sustainable national development, which must be economically viable, socially just and environmentally correct. And in the legal dimension, it appears as a constitutional principle, which requires the State, as relevant actor in the development process, acting in the formulation and implementation of public policies for their achievement, which underscores the political dimension of sustainability. The Brazilian legal architecture, aligned with the recommendations of Agenda 21, contemplates the use of government purchasing power to shape the pattern of consumption and production to the dictates of sustainability, by inserting in their procurements, criteria able to promote it. This dissertation aims to investigate the implementation of public policy for sustainable signings by the Federal Public Administration Direct federal public administration, autonomous agencies and foundations (members of SISG) in the years 2011 and 2012. The research is applied, exploratory, employing secondary data collected through literature and documents, the technique of qualitative analysis. As a result, it was found that the sustainable signings are still minor, comparing to the total amount of signings in the period. It was possible do find out that...

Organization of Eastern Caribbean States - Increasing Linkages of Tourism with the Agriculture, Manufacturing, and Service Sectors

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Tourism has become the leading economic sector of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) islands, thus expanding linkages with the local economy seems crucial going forward. Tourism has replaced agriculture as the main economic driver within all the islands comprising the OECS. In the early 1990s, agriculture contributed nearly 12 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) overall; however by 2007 its share dropped to only 5 percent of GDP. Conversely, in the same year the tourism sector of these islands accounted for an estimated 45 percent of GDP, and around 60 percent of foreign exchange earnings, as a result of the more than 2.6 million tourists that visited these islands. This study analyzes the purchasing patterns and demand for agriculture, manufacturing and services by the tourism industry, both directly and indirectly, through a structured survey and in-depth interviews. A detailed survey covering 70 hotels, marinas, and other tourism operators analyzed the current purchasing pattern of agricultural and food products (13 categories from fruits to canned goods)...

US Employers as Quality Drivers in the Health Sector

McNamara, Peggy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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This review is one in a series of analytic efforts designed to inform the policy debate related to how the purchasing function is being used as an instrument for quality. The author reviews evidence on the extent of quality-based purchasing by U.S. employers, generally viewed as pivotal to the national push for value in health care, and summarizes key employer efforts underway. A typology for categorizing purchaser strategies is provided. The author examines what is known about the impact of employer strategies on care delivery and concludes with a broader discussion of quality approaches.

International Public Administration Reform : Implications for the Russian Federation

Manning, Nick; Parison, Neil
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper has four objectives: 1. To offer an analysis of public administration reform experiences in a set of countries chosen to illustrate the range and depth of recent administrative change. 2. To pick out from this analysis those variables that seem particularly relevant to the current condition in the Russian Federation. 3. To suggest a way of organizing thinking about a very complex and contested field. 4. To provide some pointers toward a reform strategy for policymakers in this area in the Russian Federation. Identifying the key country comparators and the relevant variables and offering a way of thinking about their significance are particularly important for the Russian Federation authorities as they prepare for implementation of the Program for the Reform of the Civil Service System in the Russian Federation. As reforms intensify, there will be a flood of serious, experienced international advisers and management experts, but there will also be those with "snake oil" to sell. Reformers need some lenses through which they can critically examine reform proposals and evaluate advice from experts. The paper draws its conclusions from an analysis of 14 countries selected by representatives of the Russian Federation government: Australia...

Urban Labor Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa

De Vreyer, Philippe; Roubaud, François
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Agence Française de Développement Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Agence Française de Développement
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
The population of Sub-Saharan Africa stood at 854 million in 2010. Annual population growth averaged 2.5 percent, with a relatively high sustained fertility rate, fostered by the fact that two-thirds of the population is under 25. The region has the highest proportion of poor people in the world, with 47.5 percent of its population living on less than $1.25 a day, as measured in terms of purchasing power parity in 2008. It is also the only region in which the number of poor is still rising. This book contributes to knowledge on the functioning of urban labor markets in Sub-Saharan Africa by investigating following questions: which individuals lack access to employment or are employed beneath their capacities; does education improve working conditions?; what opportunities does the labor market offer to climb the social ladder?; is the lack of good-quality jobs for adults and the poverty it implies one of the reasons for the prevalence of child labor?; do women and ethnic minorities have the same access to the labor market as everyone else?; how does the formal sector live alongside the informal sector?; what role does migration play in the functioning of labor markets?;and are there traits common to all urban labor markets in Africa...

Kosovo Public Finance Review : Fiscal Policies for a Young Nation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Kosovo is Europe s youngest country, both in terms of history and demographics. As part of the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo became a separate territory under United Nations administration in 1999, and declared its independence in 2008. By February 2014 it had been recognized by 106 UN member states including 23 out of 28 EU members. Kosovo is a potential candidate for European Union (EU) membership and is currently negotiating a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Commission. From 1999 Kosovo has been using the Deutsche Mark and, since 2002, its successor currency, the Euro, as legal tender. Kosovo is a landlocked country in South East Europe (SEE) with about 1.8 million inhabitants and a large migrant population based mainly in Western European countries. Kosovo has taken great strides to rebuild an economy destroyed by the collapse of Yugoslavia and the 1998-99 war, with sound fiscal numbers and budgets focused on capital expenditure. In general, Kosovo s headline macroeconomic indicators are also relatively sound. Growth has averaged over 4 percent since 2000 and remained positive after 2008 during the global crisis years. Household survey evidence for 2006-11 suggests that economic growth benefitted all sections of society but the poorest 40 percent of the population saw consumption rise faster than wealthier groups. Public and private investments have made large contributions toward economic growth over the last five years as efforts to rebuild the economy continued.

Florida International University Purchasing: Request for proposal

Seecharan, Khaleel
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%

Governance in Albania : A Way Forward for Competitiveness, Growth, and European Integration

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Institutional and Governance Review (IGR); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
Since its emergence from a turbulent post-communist transition, Albania has achieved remarkable progress in economic and social development. Governance improvements, especially in the effectiveness of public administration, have been instrumental to the country's impressive economic performance and improved human development outcomes. The Government has taken steps to improve public order and personal safety, particularly through efforts to crack down on violent and organized crime. Despite these positive developments, Albania continues to face significant governance challenges that will need to be overcome if the country is to achieve critical development objectives. Enduring politicization of the public administration and incomplete separation of powers, exemplified by instances of political interference in judicial processes, remain serious obstacles. The Government recognizes the need to accelerate progress on several dimensions of governance reform, particularly in light of its aspirations to European Union (EU) accession. This issue brief seeks to analyze the nature and recent evolution of Albania's governance environment...

Public Expenditure Review for the Solomon Islands Government

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This policy note assesses how well the Solomon Islands Government budgeting practices have been working over the period of 2006-10 and explores options for improving that process. This note provides a non-technical summary of the initial findings and recommendations. The analysis conducted so far suggests that better results are blocked by problems in matching budgetary allocations to needs and problems with unproductive spending. For example, the Government's spending on schools is above average for the region, yet the Solomon Islands lags behind several of its neighboring countries in school enrollment and literacy. Some of the difficulties in getting good results can be traced to local conditions beyond government control such as its administration and travel costs are increased by the geographic dispersion of the islands. The report concludes that the budget process and the budget formation process both require strengthening and that these are issues well within government control.

Nepal : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The ratio of projects at risk is 44 percent, which is much higher than a 20 percent Bank-wide average. The main problems seem to be an insufficient capacity to undertake procurement efficiently and an outdated system of procurement rules, many of which do not provide for transparent and competitive public purchasing of goods, works, and consultants' services. The report recommends the following: 1) Enact a modern, transparent, and competitive public procurement law, based on the UNCITRAL Model Law for Procurement, to apply to public procurement by all public entities in Nepal at all levels, as well as to parastatals. 2) create a small, independent procurement agency, with functions defined by the Public Procurement Law. 3) Pending the enactment of such a law, amend the Financial Administration (Related) Rules (FAR '99) to change the anti-competitive rules and practices listed in this report's Executive Summary. 4) Review and develop as needed standard bidding documents. 5) Develop and accelerate procurement training at all government levels. 6) Instruct the Auditor General's staff to assist on applying the donor's procurement rules and not local procurement rules. 7) Amend the anti-corruption legislation to impose harsh penalties and encourage reporting acts of corruption.

Sri Lanka : Poverty Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
This Poverty Assessment report reviews the evolution, and nature of poverty in Sri Lanka, by examining why its significant, recent economic downturn contrasts sharply with its considerable, economic advances during the 1960s; why poverty fell rapidly, and to a relatively, low level in some areas, though it remained high in other parts of the country; and, whether the large resources given to re-distributive programs, really helped reduce poverty. In response, Sri Lanka's hesitant attitude towards progressive economic, and social policies is seemingly the answer, for these policies would have removed the regulations that hinder effective markets, and the private sector, and, would have provided needed infrastructure, and social services, accommodating diversity within its social policies, through resources, and opportunities for the poorest. Notwithstanding gradual, economic liberalization, the economy is still more protected than in countries which started liberalization much later. The regulatory environment - particularly restrictions on labor...

Georgia : Public Expenditure Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
Like other low-income countries, Georgia's ability to reduce poverty and meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 will depend crucially on its ability to sustain per-capita GDP growth and to use effectively and efficiently its scarce public resources. Indeed, increased public expenditures will not result in improved social outcomes unless current productivity levels are improved. This report shows that weaknesses in Georgia's public expenditure management systems have led to serious inefficiencies and inequities in the use of public resources and have prevented the necessary restructuring in public expenditures. The first three chapters explore sources of these systemic problems in the context of macroeconomic management, revenue policy and administration, and budget management systems. Subsequent chapters explore the scope for strengthening budget management systems in the areas most critical for poverty reduction and the attainment of MDGs: local governments and social sector spending. These chapters both corroborate and supplement with further detail the core constraints on public expenditure restructuring seen in the earlier chapters...

India : Reducing Poverty, Accelerating Development

World Bank
Fonte: New Delhi: Oxford University Press Publicador: New Delhi: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
Reducing poverty, and providing for minimum needs, is the ultimate yardstick against which to measure development. To this end, the study outlines India's growth rate, improved social indicators, and poverty reduction since the 1970s, but specifies that, despite this progress, poverty is a serious concern, where social indicators remain below comparator countries. Human development is examined, focusing on social indicators, stating the delivery of health and education is fraught with limited accountability for performance and with low management capacity. Governance is critical to development, but the country's inadequate and adverse factors hinder the development of public administration, instead, performance incentives, and accountability within a downsized civil service, effective financial management, and decentralization should be pursued. Infrastructure should attract private investments, but the perverse impact of subsidies preclude the provision of private services. However, regulatory agencies are imperfect alternatives to competition...

Peru’s Comprehensive Health Insurance and New Challenges for Universal Coverage

Francke, Pedro
Fonte: World Bank, Washington DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
This case study analyzes the progress of Peru's Comprehensive Health Insurance (SIS) and evaluates the challenges that remain to achieving universal health care coverage. Peru is an upper-middle-income country with a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of just over US$10,000 (purchasing power parity). The country has grown rapidly in the last decade; the average growth rate was 6.5 percent. However, 28 percent of the population lives in poverty (2011), which is estimated with regionally differentiated poverty lines between US$1 and US$2 per capita per day. In addition, only one in four individuals has employment with social security coverage. The SIS aims to reduce economic barriers through the elimination of user fees for a package of services. Although its budget has been low, the SIS has played an important role in the reduction of maternal and child mortality. However, the improvements expected to the overall health system have not materialized. Meanwhile, when the decentralization process transferred funds and authority to the regions, it did so in a context of weak management capabilities, and it failed to clearly define the relationship between the national and regional governments. A major effort to strengthen the technical capacity of the Ministry of Health (MOH) should accompany the strategies outlined above. This effort should emphasize a review of health priorities...

Purchasing Management in a Tertiary Teaching Hospital: a case study; Gestão de compras em um hospital de ensino terciário:um estudo de caso

Duarte, Nathalia C. M.; Bitar, Julia P. S.; Miglioli, Juliana P.; Pereira, Marta M. S.; Yodono, Nathalia B. P.; Araújo, Thamiris R.; Dallora, Maria Eulália L.; Pazin-Filho, Antonio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Modelo do Estudo: Estudo de Caso. Objetivo do Estudo: O presente trabalho visou estudar o processo de compras e programação de materiais de um hospital público de ensino de nível terciário e analisar os perfis de itens de materiais de consumo faltantes em determinado período, com a finalidade de identificar como ferramentas de gestão de materiais podem ajudar na definição de políticas de compras e estoque. Metodologia: O estudo foi elaborado com base em análises qualitativas e quantitativas. As primeiras foram feitas por meio de coleta de dados relativos ao entendimento dos processos e estrutura interna da Divisão de Materiais do Hospital através de observação e entrevistas semiestruturadas entre o período de setembro a novembro de 2013. A relação dos itens faltantes em 2012 e 2013 foi obtida através do sistema de informação da instituição e a partir destes dados foram feitas as análises quantitativas dos perfis destes itens segundo as classificações ABC e VEN (ou XYZ). Resultado: Os resultados apontam que dos 8.595 itens de materiais de consumo do Hospital apenas 5% em quantidade são classificados como A na curva ABC, no entanto tais itens correspondem a 42% em valores. Já os itens vitais representam 49% do valor e 46% em termos de quantidade. Quando analisadas em conjunto...

Administração de material e educação

Melchior, José Carlos de Araújo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1987 POR
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Este artigo trata das relações da Administração de Material com a Educação. Inicialmente são estabelecidas as relações da educação com sua parte material. A seguir são tratadas as funções básicas da administração de material, dando-se destaque para as funções de aquisição (compras), recepção e aceitação e armazenagem dos materiais. Na parte final são examinadas a importância da Administração de Material para o estado, o desperdício e suas conseqüências e as relações entre Administração de Material e Administração Escolar.; The article deals with the relations between Administration of Supplies and Education. Initially, the relations between Education and its material elements are set. Then, the basic functions of Administration of Supplies, with special attention to the functions of purchasing, receiving, accepting and storing supplies are presented. Finally, the importance of Administration of Supplies for state; waste and its consequences; in well as the relations between Administration of Supplies and School Administration are examined.