Página 1 dos resultados de 357 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

O bem-estar psicológico em indivíduos de risco para doenças neurológicas hereditárias de aparecimento tardio e controlos

Leite, Ângela; Paúl, Maria Constança; Sequeiros, Jorge
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
No âmbito do protocolo do teste preditivo para doenças neurogenéticas de aparecimento tardio (Doença de Huntington, Doença de Machdo-Joseph e Polineuropatia Amiloidótica Familiar) aplicado a sujeitos em risco para estas doenças, investigamos o bem estar psicológico destes sujeitos. Averiguar se o bem estar psicológico dos sujeitos em risco, comparativamente com a população geral, é mais ou menos elevado. The Psychological General Well Being (PGWB) Index ( Escala de Bem Estar Psicológico Geral) foi desenvolvida com o objectivo de oferecer um índice que medisse as auto representações dos estados emocionais ou afectivos intrapessoais que reflectisse a noção subjectiva de bem estar ou distress. Comparamos os resultados do grupo de sujeitos em risco com o grupo de controlo: Existem diferenças significativas em relação aos factores ansiedade e bem estar positivo. O grupo em risco apresenta menos ansiedade e maior bem estar positivo. O grupo de risco tem indicadores de bem estar psicológico mais elevados do que o grupo de controlo. Seria de esperar que os sujeitos em risco de doença neurogenética de aparecimento tardio apresentassem valores mais baixos no que diz respeito ao bem estar psicológico geral...

Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and vocational status following a 12 month cardiac exercise rehabilitation programme

Dugmore, L; Tipson, R; Phillips, M; Flint, E; Stentiford, N; Bone, M; Littler, W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
OBJECTIVE—To examine and evaluate improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and vocational status in postmyocardial infarction patients during and after a comprehensive 12 month exercise rehabilitation programme.
SUBJECTS—The sample population comprised 124 patients with a clinical diagnosis of myocardial infarction (122 men and two women).
INTERVENTIONS—62 patients were randomly allocated to a regular weekly aerobic training programme, three times a week for 12 months, and compared with 62 matched controls who did not receive any formal exercise training. A five year follow up questionnaire/interview was subsequently conducted on this population to determine selected vocational/lifestyle changes.
RESULTS—Significant improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (p < 0.01-0.001), psychological profiles (p < 0.05-0.001), and quality of life scores (p < 0.001) were recorded in the treatment population when compared with their matched controls. Although there were no significant differences in mortality, a larger percentage of the regular exercisers resumed full time employment and they returned to work earlier than the controls. Controls took lighter jobs, lost more time from work...

Health related quality of life and psychological wellbeing in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Steptoe, A; Mohabir, A; Mahon, N; McKenna, W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
OBJECTIVE—To assess the health related quality of life and psychological wellbeing of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and relate these to clinical variables and psychological adjustment.
DESIGN—Postal questionnaire survey of 99 adult patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, selected at random from a larger database (60.6% response rate). Assessments included the short form 36 (SF-36) health survey, the hospital anxiety and depression scales, the sleep problems index, and a measure of psychological adjustment to cardiomyopathy.
RESULTS—Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy reported significant impairments in physical functioning, role limitations owing to physical and emotional problems, social functioning, mental health, perceptions of general health, sleep, and vitality. Anxiety and depression levels were higher than in population samples. Impairment in several domains of quality of life was associated with low shortening fraction, high left ventricular end diastolic diameter, and the presence of heart failure and mitral regurgitation. Patients with familial cardiomyopathy had less impairment in quality of life than those with non-familial disease. Psychological adjustment scores were associated with several aspects of quality of life and emotional wellbeing. In multivariate analysis...

Feeling Healthy? A Survey of Physical and Psychological Wellbeing of Students from Seven Universities in the UK

Ansari, Walid El; Stock, Christiane; ; Snelgrove, Sherrill; Hu, Xiaoling; Parke, Sian; Davies, Shân; John, Jill; Adetunji, Hamed; Stoate, Mary; Deeny, Pat; Phillips, Ceri; Mabhala, Andi
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
University students’ physical and psychological health and wellbeing are important and comprise many variables. This study assessed perceived health status in addition to a range of physical and psychological wellbeing indicators of 3,706 undergraduate students from seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. We compared differences in these variables across males and females, and across the participating universities. The data was collected in 2007–2008. A self-administered questionnaire assessed socio-demographic information (e.g., gender, age), self-reported physical and psychological health data, as well as questions on health awareness, health service use, social support, burdens and stressors and university study related questions. While females generally reported more health problems and psychological burdens, male students felt that they received/had fewer persons to depend on for social support. The comparisons of health and wellbeing variables across the different universities suggested some evidence of ‘clustering’ of the variables under study, whereby favourable situations would be exhibited by a cluster of the variables that is encountered at some universities; and conversely, the clustering of less favourable variables as exhibited at other universities. We conclude that the level of health complaints and psychological problems/burdens is relatively high and calls for increased awareness of university administrators...

Feeling Refreshed by Sleep Can Predict Psychological Wellbeing Assessed Using the General Health Questionnaire in Male Workers: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study

Kawada, Tomoyuki
Fonte: Korean Neuropsychiatric Association Publicador: Korean Neuropsychiatric Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Prediction of psychological wellbeing based on several important predictors was conducted for ensuring maintenance of good mental health. A 3-year follow-up study to determine psychological well-being was conducted in 969 Japanese male workers. Age, body mass index, present history of medication and four lifestyle factors were used for the analysis. A logistic regression analysis revealed that the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for obtaining a score of ≥4 in the General Health Questionnaire-12-item version, among the subjects who felt refreshed by sleep was 0.559 (0.415-0.753). None of the other factors showed any statistically significant association. Feeling refreshed by sleep was identified as a predictor of maintained psychological wellbeing in this 3-year follow-up study.

Friends or Foes? Relational Dissonance and Adolescent Psychological Wellbeing

Bond, Lyndal; Lusher, Dean; Williams, Ian; Butler, Helen
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
The interaction of positive and negative relationships (i.e. I like you, but you dislike me – referred to as relational dissonance) is an underexplored phenomenon. Further, it is often only poor (or negative) mental health that is examined in relation to social networks, with little regard for positive psychological wellbeing. Finally, these issues are compounded by methodological constraints. This study explores a new concept of relational dissonance alongside mutual antipathies and friendships and their association with mental health using multivariate exponential random graph models with an Australian sample of secondary school students. Results show male students with relationally dissonant ties have lower positive mental health measures. Girls with relationally dissonant ties have lower depressed mood, but those girls being targeted by negative ties are more likely to have depressed mood. These findings have implications for the development of interventions focused on promoting adolescent wellbeing and consideration of the appropriate measurement of wellbeing and mental illness.

Do Existential Variables Mediate Between Religious-Spiritual Facets of Functionality and Psychological Wellbeing

Wnuk, Marcin; Marcinkowski, Jerzy Tadeusz
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Religiosity has been related to psychological wellbeing outcomes. Although this relationship is primarily based on studies of church attendance or prayer and wellbeing, more recent work has focused on the potential mechanisms that may mediate the religion-wellbeing findings. One of the major function of religion is finding of meaning of life and improving hope. Recent studies have indicated that hope and meaning of life are the potential variables mediate between religion and wellbeing. It was hypothesized that one pathway through which religiosity may exert its positive influence on psychological wellbeing is through finding meaning of life and improving hope. One study was conducted examining the relationships among spiritual experiences, hope, meaning of life and psychological wellbeing operationalized as satisfaction with life, positive affect and negative affect. The following research tools were used: Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, Purpose in Life Test, Hearth Hope Index, Cantril Ladder, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Meaning of life and hope were noticed to mediate between spiritual experiences and satisfaction with life as well as between spiritual experiences and positive affect. Spiritual experiences were not related to negative affect. Both meaning of life and hope predicted negative affect. This study found meaning of life and hope to be an important factors in the religion-wellbeing relationship and related to positive psychological outcomes...

Psychological wellbeing, health and ageing

Steptoe, Andrew; Deaton, Angus; Stone, Arthur A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Psychological wellbeing and health are closely linked at older ages. Three aspects of psychological wellbeing can be distinguished: evaluative wellbeing (or life satisfaction), hedonic wellbeing (feelings of happiness, sadness, etc), and eudemonic wellbeing (sense of purpose and meaning in life). We review recent advances in this field, and present new analyses concerning the pattern of wellbeing across ages and the association between wellbeing and survival at older ages. The Gallup World Poll, an ongoing survey in more than 160 countries, shows a U-shaped relationship between evaluative wellbeing and age in rich, English speaking countries, with the lowest levels of wellbeing around ages 45-54. But this pattern is not universal: for example, respondents from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe show a large progressive decline in wellbeing with age; Latin America also shows falling wellbeing with age, while wellbeing in sub-Saharan Africa shows little change with age. The relationship between physical health and subjective wellbeing is bidirectional. Older people suffering from illnesses such as coronary heart disease, arthritis and chronic lung disease show both raised levels of depressed mood and impaired hedonic and eudemonic wellbeing. Wellbeing may also have a protective role in health maintenance. In an illustrative analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...

Socio-demographic, visual and psychological factors associated with adjustment to vision loss in retinitis pigmentosa

De la Haye Duponsel, Nathalie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Relevância na Pesquisa
Malgré des recherches intensives portant sur l’hérédité et les aspects biologiques de la rétinite pigmentaire (RP), peu de recherches fondées ont porté sur les aspects psychologiques. Ces quelques études suggèrent que les personnes atteintes de rétinite pigmentaire s’adaptent différemment à la déficience visuelle. Le but de la présente étude était donc de vérifier si les personnes atteintes de rétinite pigmentaire s’adaptaient différemment d’un point de vue psychologique par rapport à des personnes ayant une déficience visuelle causée par une autre pathologie. Des entrevues téléphoniques incluant des personnes ayant la rétinite pigmentaire, la rétinopathie diabétique (RD) et l’albinisme ont été menées. Cinq questionnaires ont été utilisés afin d’évaluer le bien-être psychologique et de recueillir les données démographique. Les résultats de la première étude démontrent qu’il n’existe aucune différence entre les individus atteints de rétinite pigmentaire et ceux ayant d’autres pathologies visuelles d’un point de vue « bien-être psychologique ». En fait, les facteurs démographiques, la baisse de vision, les fluctuations et le type de perte de vision semblent être les seuls facteurs directement corrélés à l’adaptation et au bien-être psychologique. Dans la deuxième étude...

Psychological well-being, personality traits, and aims of life in university students; Bienestar psicológico, estilos de personalidad y objetivos de vida en estudiantes universitarios; Bem-estar psicológico, estilos de personalidade e objetivos de vida em estudantes universitarios

Páramo, Maria de los Angeles; Facultad de Psicologia. Universidad del Aconcagua. Mendoza. Argentina.; Straniero, Cristina Mariana; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad del Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Univers
Fonte: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali Publicador: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Artículo revisado por pares"; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artículo Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
Objective. This study measures the degree of psychological well-being (PW), its relation with personality traits and the aims of life (AL) of Psychology students. One of the main factors that contributes to the PW is personality. Investigations show that people’s AL are closely connected with the self perception of the PW. This study will be approached from T. Millon’s theory and its general aim is to establish the existing relation between subjective well-being and personality styles in university students, and to analyze their Life objectives. Method. Transversal design with descriptive and correlational methodology. The Scale of Psychological Wellbeing for Adults [Bieps - A] (Casullo, 2002), Scale of Little’s (1983, local adjustment) and Millon’s Inventory of Personality Styles [MIPS] (Adjustment Casullo & Castro-Solano, 1997) were administered to a sample of 366 psychology students, both sexes, with an average age of 21 years, SD 3,90 (range 19-46 years old).  The results are analyzed on the basis of four dimensions of the PW: acceptance / control, autonomy, bonds and projects. The correlation with personality styles is studied in its 3 areas: Motivating Styles, Thinking Styles, Behaving Styles. A multivaried exploratory analysis (analysis of multiple correspondences) is carried out. Life objectives are descriptively analyzed. Results. Positive and negative correlations between some personality styles and PW’s dimensions were presented. Relevant aims of life are described. Conclusions. the hypothesis of the association of PW with the personality styles is supported.; Objetivo. Este estudio mide el grado de bienestar psicológico (BP)...

Health related quality of life and psychological wellbeing in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Cox, S.; O'Donoghue, A. C.; McKenna, W. J.; Steptoe, A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health related quality of life and psychological wellbeing of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, to correlate these with symptoms, clinical, and psychosocial factors. DESIGN: Questionnaire distributed to 171 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients aged at least 14 years, selected at random from a dataset of 480 patients. Assessments included the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression questionnaire, and measures of adjustment, worry, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: There was an 80.1% response rate to the questionnaire. Patients had severe limitations in all eight dimensions of quality of life assessed by the SF-36: physical functioning, role limitations owing to physical problems, role limitations owing to emotional problems, social functioning, mental health, general health perceptions, vitality, and bodily pain. Levels of anxiety and depression were also high compared with population norms. Quality of life was particularly impaired in patients with chest pain and dyspnoea, but was less consistently related to clinical cardiological measures. Adjustment to the condition and patient satisfaction were generally good. In multivariate analysis, quality of life was associated with a combination of symptom patterns and psychosocial factors. No differences in quality of life...

Volunteering and psychological Wellbeing among young-old adults: How much is too much?

Windsor, Timothy; Anstey, Kaarin; Rodgers, Bryan
Fonte: Gerontological Society of America Publicador: Gerontological Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Purpose: Research concerned with the relationship between volunteer activity and psychological well-being has typically reported higher levels of well-being among older adult volunteers relative to non-volunteers. However, few studies have examined nonlin

Psychological wellbeing, satisfaction with life and optimism in sports managers

Gonzaga, Luís; Morgado, Sónia; Matias, Joana
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Santarém Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Santarém
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
In the discourse of its managers, the competitiveness of national sport is increasingly relative, or captive, to the constraints of competitiveness of the respective national economy with an obvious impact on productivity of sports associations and clubs, reflecting a market of very unequal competition. Now, if in the modern conception of happiness, the material aspect plays a major character, the positive subjective experience, usually linked to performance and sports productivity, should result therefore from immaterial and intangible capital consisting in human potential and virtues that interests to study.

Bienestar psicológico y psicopatología : estudio de un caso de intervención en el equipo técnico y deportistas de un Club de Tenis

Romero Carrasco, Alicia Elena; Brustad, Robert; Zapata Campbell, Rolando; Aguayo Cuevas, Cecilia; García Ucha, Francisco
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
Due to their intensive sporting activities, athletes might not only experience positive outcomes and a state of psychological wellbeing but also a considerable amount of stress which can contribute to psychopathological states. Research into psychopathology in sport is a relatively recent field of study and investigations have focused rather narrowly on a few limited areas of study. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of psychological intervention after a young tennis player experienced a manic episode which affected the emotional wellbeing of other individuals from the same sporting environment, including the coaches and other athletes. The intervention, directed at the coaching staff and athletes, was based on the Psychological Wellbeing Model developed by Carol Ryff.; Como consecuencia de la intensa participación en el deporte, los atletas no solo pueden experimentar sentimientos positivos de bienestar sino que también experimentar cantidades significativas de estrés que pueden contribuir a la psicopatología. La investigación sobre la psicopatología en el deporte es un área de estudio relativamente reciente y las investigaciones se han focalizado más estrechamente sobre algunos tópicos de estudio. El propósito de esta investigación fue dar cuenta de una intervención psicológica que se desarrollo una vez que se detecto que uno de los tenistas del equipo deportivo sufre un episodio maniáco...

Does active commuting improve psychological wellbeing? Longitudinal evidence from eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey

Martin, Adam; Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Suhrcke, Marc
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
Relevância na Pesquisa
This is the final published version. It originally appeared at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743514003144.; Objective. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between active travel and psychological wellbeing. Method. This study used data on 17,985 adult commuters in eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey (1991/2?2008/9). Fixed effects regression models were used to investigate how (i.) travel mode choice, (ii.) commuting time, and (iii.) switching to active travel impacted on overall psychological wellbeing and how (iv.) travel mode choice impacted on specific psychological symptoms included in the General Health Questionnaire. Results.After accounting for changes in individual-level socioeconomic characteristics and potential confounding variables relating to work, residence and health, significant associations were observed between overall psychological wellbeing (on a 36-point Likert scale) and (i.) active travel (0.185, 95% CI: 0.048 to 0.321) and public transport (0.195, 95% CI: 0.035 to 0.355) when compared to car travel, (ii.) time spent (per 10 minute change) walking (0.083, 95% CI: 0.003 to 0.163) and driving (?0.033, 95% CI: ?0.064 to ?0.001), and (iii.) switching from car travel to active travel (0.479...

Surrogate mothers 10 years on: A longitudinal study of psychological wellbeing and relationships with the parents and child

Jadva, V.; Imrie, S.; Golombok, S.
Fonte: Oxford Journals on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology Publicador: Oxford Journals on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
Tipo: Article; accepted version
Relevância na Pesquisa
This is the accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Oxford Journals at http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/30/2/373.long.; Study Question: How do surrogates psychological health and experiences of surrogacy change from one year to ten years following the birth of the surrogacy child? Summary answer: Surrogates? psychological well-being did not change ten years following the birth, with the majority continuing to report good mental health andall surrogates remained positive about the surrogacy arrangement. What is known already: Studies have found that surrogates may find the weeks following the birth difficult, but do not experience psychological problems 6 months and 1 year later. Research has also shown that surrogates can form close relationships with the intended parents during the pregnancy which may continue after the birth. Study design, size, duration: This study used a prospective longitudinal design. 20 surrogates were seen at two time points, one year following the birth of the surrogacy child and ten years later. Participants/materials, setting, methods: Twenty surrogates (representing 59% of the original sample) were administered a semi-structured interview and completed self-report questionnaires. Eleven surrogates were gestational carriers and 9 surrogates had used their own egg (genetic surrogacy). Four were previously known to the intended parents and 16 were previously not known. Main results and the role of chance: Ten years following the birth of the surrogacy child...

Estilos parentais, estilos atribucionais e bem-estar psicológico em jovens universitários; Parental styles, attributional styles and psychological wellbeing in young adults attending universities

Boeckel, Mariana Gonçalves; Sarriera, Jorge Castellá
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
Partindo da premissa de que a família possui tarefas essenciais para a formação e o desenvolvimento dos seus membros, o presente estudo buscou identificar as correlações existentes entre as estratégias educacionais, estilos atribucionais e bem-estar psicológico em adultos jovens universitários. Foram realizadas análises correlacionais e de regressão múltipla. Os resultados apontam que o estilo parental autorizante, de forma geral, tem desdobramentos que se expressam em elevados níveis de bem-estar. Quanto ao estilo parental autoritário, notou-se que à maior intensidade do autoritarismo no estilo, há correspondência de maiores níveis de estabilidade na atribuição causal. Concernente aos estilos atribucionais, percebeu-se que as dimensões globalidade e estabilidade corresponderam a piores níveis de bem-estar psicológico. Esses achados salientam a importância dos efeitos dos estilos parentais e estilos atribucionais no bem-estar psicológico para futuras ações psico-educativas.; The family has some essential tasks concerning the person’s development. Therefore, the present study searched for correlations between educational strategies, attributional styles and psychological wellbeing among young adults attending universities. Correlation and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Results showed that the authoritative parental style correlates with high wellbeing scores. On the other hand...

Coping Styles in Psychological Health in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Comparison of a Moderator and Main Effects Models

Wilkinson, Ross; Walford, W; Espnes, Geir
Fonte: Australian Psychological Society Publicador: Australian Psychological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
A cross-sectional study of 392 late adolescents and young adults (mean age 18.2 years) was undertaken to examine the relationship between coping styles and psychological health. Coping styles were assessed through the Coping Styles Questionnaire (Roger, Jarvis, & Najarian, 1993). Using separate regression models of psychological distress and psychological wellbeing, the direct effects and moderator models of coping were tested with regard to approach and avoidant coping. It was hypothesised that approach coping would have buffer effects on distress and wellbeing and that avoidant coping would have direct effects on distress and wellbeing. Results indicated that there were no buffer effects for either approach or avoidant coping, but there were direct effects for both. The use of approach coping was associated with increased wellbeing, while avoidant coping was related to increased distress levels. Implications for effective primary intervention techniques for adolescent wellbeing and distress are discussed.

The relationship between wellbeing indicators and teacher psychological stress in Eastern Cape public schools in South Africa

Vazi,Malik L.M.; Ruiter,Robert A.C.; van den Borne,Bart; Martin,Glynnis; Dumont,Kitty; Reddy,Priscilla S.
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
ORIENTATION: Positive psychological and subjective wellbeing indicators have proven to be protective against certain physical illnesses but have been rarely assessed in teacher stress. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between indicators of wellbeing and stress and to further assess the relative importance of these wellbeing indicators in explaining stress variance in a large sample of Eastern Cape primary and high school teachers in South Africa. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The majority of teacher stress studies focus on the misfit between the individual's resources and the environmental demands. There is a scarcity of studies reporting on protective factors in teaching and we know little about their possible role as possible protective factors against stress. This is important in developing stress prevention strategies. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was used targeting public school teachers in the Eastern Cape. The sample size was 562 randomly selected teachers from both public primary and high schools. MAIN FINDINGS: The results revealed that stress is prevalent amongst teachers. Subjective and psychological wellbeing factors added significantly to the explained stress variance. Also...

Validation of three Setswana measures for psychological wellbeing

Wissing,Marié P.; Thekiso,Sammy M.; Stapelberg,Ronel; van Quickelberge,Leanda; Choabi,Pinky; Moroeng,Christine; Nienaber,Alida; Temane,Q. Michael; Vorster,Hester H.
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
ORIENTATION: From the perspective of positive psychology, it is important to evaluate people 's strengths. There is, however, a lack of validated measures for these purposes in many of the South African official languages. As language is a medium for cultural meanings, measures of mental health should be validated in the mother tongue of the people involved. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of this study was therefore to explore the psychometric properties of Setswana versions of three measures of psychological wellbeing, namely the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) (the 29-item version) (Antonovsky, 1987), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) (Diener, Emmons, Larson & Griffen, 1985) and Affectometer 2 (AFM) (Kammann & Flett, 1983). RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey design was implemented for this study. Questionnaires were translated, back-translated and evaluated in a research-committee approach. A stratified sample of 738 Setswana-speaking participants completed the questionnaires in randomly selected sites of the North West province of South Africa as part of the multi-disciplinary Transition and Health during Urbanisation of South Africans project. Reliability indices, means, standard deviations, ranges of scores...