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15d-prostaglandin J(2) inhibits inflammatory hypernociception: Involvement of peripheral opioid receptor

NAPIMOGA, Marcelo H.; SOUZA, Guilherme R.; CUNHA, Thiago M.; FERRARI, Luiz F.; CLEMENTE-NAPIMOGA, Juliana T.; PARADA, Carlos A.; VERRI JR., Waldiceu A.; CUNHA, Fernando Q.; FERREIRA, Sergio H.
Fonte: AMER SOC PHARMACOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS Publicador: AMER SOC PHARMACOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
The 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is an endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma (PPAR-gamma) and is now recognized as a potent anti-inflammatory mediator. However, information regarding the influence of 15d-PGJ(2) on inflammatory pain is still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 15d-PGJ(2) upon inflammatory hypernociception and the mechanisms involved in this effect. We observed that intraplantar administration of 15d-PGJ(2) (30-300 ng/paw) inhibits the mechanical hypernociception induced by both carrageenan (100 mu g/paw) and the directly acting hypernociceptive mediator, prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)). Moreover, 15d-PGJ(2) [100 ng/temporomandibular joint (TMJ)] inhibits formalininduced TMJ hypernociception. On the other hand, the direct administration of 15d-PGJ(2) into the dorsal root ganglion was ineffective in blocking PGE(2)- induced hypernociception. In addition, the 15d-PGJ(2) antinociceptive effect was enhanced by the increase of macrophage population in paw tissue due to local injection of thioglycollate, suggesting the involvement of these cells on the 15d-PGJ(2)-antinociceptive effect. Moreover, the antinociceptive effect of 15d-PGJ(2) was also blocked by naloxone and by the PPAR-gamma antagonist 2-chloro-5-nitro-N-phenylbenzamide (GW9662)...

ACTIVATION OF PERIPHERAL kappa/delta OPIOID RECEPTORS MEDIATES 15-DEOXY-(Delta 12,14)-PROSTAGLANDIN J(2) INDUCED-ANTINOCICEPTION IN RAT TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT

PENA-DOS-SANTOS, D. R.; SEVERINO, F. P.; PEREIRA, S. A. L.; RODRIGUES, D. B. R.; CUNHA, F. Q.; VIEIRA, S. M.; NAPIMOGA, M. H.; CLEMENTE-NAPIMOGA, J. T.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
This study assessed the effect of the agonist 15d-PGJ(2) administered into the rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) on nociceptive behavioral and the anti-inflammatory potential of this prostaglandin on TMJ. It was observed that 15-deoxy-(Delta 12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) significantly reduced formalin-induced nociceptive behavior in a dose dependent manner, however injection of 15d-PGJ(2) into the contralateral TMJ failed to reduce such effects. This antinociceptive effect is dependent on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-gamma (PPAR-gamma) since pre-treatment with GW9662 (PPAR-gamma receptor antagonist) blocked the antinociceptive effect of 15d-PGJ(2) in the TMJ. In addition, the antinociceptive effect of 15d-PGJ(2) was also blocked by naloxone suggesting the involvement of peripheral opioids in the process. Confirming this hypothesis pre-treatment with kappa, delta, but not mu receptor antagonists significantly reduced the antinociceptive effect of 15d-PGJ(2) in the TMJ. Similarly to opioid agonists, the 15d-PGJ(2) antinociceptive action depends on the nitric oxide (NO)/guanilate cyclase (cGMP)/ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker(K(ATP)(+)) channel pathway since it was prevented by the pre-treatment with the inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS; aminoguanidine)...

13,14-Dihydro-15-Keto Prostaglandin F(2)alpha Release in Response to Oxytocin Challenge Early Post-Partum in Anoestrous Nelore Cows Submitted to Temporary Calf Removal and Progesterone Priming

SATRAPA, R. A.; PINHEIRO, V. G.; ERENO, R. L.; MEMBRIVE, C. M. B.; PIAGENTINI, M.; BINELLI, M.; BARROS, C. M.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
The study evaluated, in early post-partum anoestrous Nelore cows, if the increase in plasma oestradiol (E2) concentrations in the pre-ovulatory period and/or progesterone priming (P4 priming) preceding ovulation, induced by hormonal treatment, reduces the endogenous release of prostaglandin PGF(2)alpha and prevents premature lysis of the corpus luteum (CL). Nelore cows were subjected to temporary calf removal for 48 h and divided into two groups: GPE/eCG group (n = 10) and GPG/eCG group (n = 10). Animals of the GPE/eCG group were treated with a GnRH agonist. Seven days later, they received 400 ID of eCG, immediately after PGF(2)alpha treatment, and on day 0, 1.0 mg of oestradiol benzoate (EB). Cows of the GPG/eCG group were similarly treated as those of the GPE/eCG group, except that EB was replaced with a second dose of GnRH. All animals were challenged with oxytocin (OT) 9, 12, 15 and 18 days after EB or GnRH administration and blood samples were collected before and 30 min after OT. Irrespective of the treatments, a decline in P4 concentration on day 18 was observed for cows without P4 priming. However, animals exposed to P4 priming, treated with EB maintained high P4 concentrations (8.8 +/- 1.2 ng/ml), whereas there was a decline in P4 on day 18 (2.1 +/- 1.0 ng/ml) for cows that received GnRH to induce ovulation (p < 0.01). Production of 13...

Elevated progesterone concentrations enhance prostaglandin F(2 alpha) synthesis in dairy cows

SANTOS, Ricarda Maria dos; GOISSIS, Marcelo Demarchi; FANTINI, David Augusto; BERTAN, Claudia Maria; VASCONCELOS, Jose Luiz Moraes; BINELLI, Mario
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The objective was to evaluate the influence of varying plasma progesterone (P(4)) concentrations throughout the luteal phase in dairy cows on PGF(2 alpha) production (assessed as plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2 alpha); PGFM) following treatment with estradiol-17 beta (E(2)) or oxytocin (OT). In all experiments, time of ovulations was synchronized with the OvSynch protocol and Day 0 corresponded to day of second GnRH injection. In Experiment 1, non-lactating dairy cows on Day 6 remained non-treated (n = 9), received 20 mg LH (n = 7), or had ovarian follicles larger than 6 mm aspirated (n = 8). In Experiment 2, cows on Day 6 were untreated (n = 9) or received 5000 IU hCG (n = 10). In Experiments 1 and 2, all cows received 3 mg E(2) on Day 17, and blood samples were collected every 30 min from 2h before to 10h after E(2). Experiment 3 was conducted in two periods, each from Days 0 to 17 of the estrous cycle. At the end of Period 1, animals switched treatments in a crossover arrangement. Animals in Group 2/8 (n = 4) received 2 kg/d of concentrate in the first period and 8 kg/d in the second period. Animals in Group 8/2 (n = 7) received the alternate sequence. Blood was collected daily for measurement Of P(4) 4 h after concentrate feeding. On Day 17...

Pre-treatment of cattle sperm and/or oocyte with antibody to lipocalin type prostaglandin D synthase inhibits in vitro fertilization and increases sperm-oocyte binding

GONCALVES, R. F.; BARNABE, V. H.; KILLIAN, G. J.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
The present study was conducted to determine the affect of pre-treating of oocytes and/or sperm with a rabbit polyclonal antibody against recombinant cattle lipocalin type prostaglandin D synthase (alpha L-PGDS) on in vitro sperm-oocyte binding and fertilization. In vitro matured cattle oocytes were incubated (39 degrees C, 5% CO2 in air) for I It in the following treatments either 500 mu L of fertilization medium (FM) or FM with alpha L-PGDS (1:2000). Frozen-thawed spermatozoa were washed by a 45/90% layered Percoll gradient centrifugation and incubated for I h either FM or FM with a L-PGDS. This study utilized five different treatments: (1) no antibody (control); (2) a rabbit IgG against a non-bovine antigen, bacterial histidase (alpha-hist); (3) a L-PGDS at fertilization time (with fertilization medium); (4) alpha L-PGDS-treated oocytes; or (5) a L-PGDS-treated sperm. Pre-treated oocytes were incubated with 10 X 10(4) washed spermatozoa per 25 oocytes. Oocytes used to assess sperm binding were stained with Hoescht 33342, and the number of sperm bound per zonae pellucidae counted. The remaining oocytes were fixed in acid alcohol, stained with 1% acetate-orcein and observed to determine the presence of pronuclei. More sperm bound to the zonae pellucidae when oocytes and/or sperm were pre-treated with alpha. L-PGDS: (1) 26.4 +/- 3.0; (2) 25.6 +/- 3.0; (3) 59.7 +/- 3.0; (4) 56.4 +/- 3.0; and (5) 57.1 +/- 3.0. Addition of alpha L-PGDS with sperm...

Brazilian Medicinal Plant Acts on Prostaglandin Level and Helicobacter pylori

Lima, Z. P.; Calvo, Tamara Regina; Silva, E. F.; Pellizzon, C. H.; Vilegas, Wagner; Brito, A. R. M. S.; Bauab, T. M.; Hiruma-Lima, Clélia Akiko
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 701-708
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Among the current treatment strategies for the peptic ulcer patient with Helicobacter pylori infection, the method of choice is triple therapy based on the concurrent use of proton inhibitors and two antibiotics. Alchornea triplinervia is a medicinal plant commonly used by people living in the Cerrado region of Brazil to treat gastrointestinal ulcers. In the present work we proposed therapy based on this medicinal plant that presents effective gastroprotective action with antibiotic effects. Oral pretreatment with methanolic extract (ME) of A. triplinervia in rats and mice decreased the gastric injuries induced by ethanol and HCl/ethanol. Increasing the dose reduced the gastroprotective effects of ME on the gastric lesions induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. After pylorus ligature of mice, oral administration of ME induced a decrease not only in total acid but also in the ulcer index. We also observed that ME displayed antibacterial activity against H. pylori. Liquid-liquid separation of ME indicated that active constituents responsible for the gastroprotective action are concentrated in the ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) (50% protection) rather than in the aqueous fraction...

13,14-Dihydro-15-Keto Prostaglandin F-2 alpha Release in Response to Oxytocin Challenge Early Post-Partum in Anoestrous Nelore Cows Submitted to Temporary Calf Removal and Progesterone Priming

Satrapa, R. A.; Pinheiro, V. G.; Ereno, Ronaldo Luiz; Membrive, C. M. B.; Piagentini, M.; Binelli, M.; Barros, C. M.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 881-887
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
The study evaluated, in early post-partum anoestrous Nelore cows, if the increase in plasma oestradiol (E2) concentrations in the pre-ovulatory period and/or progesterone priming (P4 priming) preceding ovulation, induced by hormonal treatment, reduces the endogenous release of prostaglandin PGF(2)alpha and prevents premature lysis of the corpus luteum (CL). Nelore cows were subjected to temporary calf removal for 48 h and divided into two groups: GPE/eCG group (n = 10) and GPG/eCG group (n = 10). Animals of the GPE/eCG group were treated with a GnRH agonist. Seven days later, they received 400 ID of eCG, immediately after PGF(2)alpha treatment, and on day 0, 1.0 mg of oestradiol benzoate (EB). Cows of the GPG/eCG group were similarly treated as those of the GPE/eCG group, except that EB was replaced with a second dose of GnRH. All animals were challenged with oxytocin (OT) 9, 12, 15 and 18 days after EB or GnRH administration and blood samples were collected before and 30 min after OT. Irrespective of the treatments, a decline in P4 concentration on day 18 was observed for cows without P4 priming. However, animals exposed to P4 priming, treated with EB maintained high P4 concentrations (8.8 +/- 1.2 ng/ml), whereas there was a decline in P4 on day 18 (2.1 +/- 1.0 ng/ml) for cows that received GnRH to induce ovulation (p < 0.01). Production of 13...

Immunohistochemical expression of HLA-DR in the conjunctiva of patients under topical prostaglandin analogs treatment

Rodrigues, Maria de Lourdes Veronese; Felipe Crosta, Daniela Pereira Da Silva; Soares, Christiane Pienna; Deghaide, Neifi Hassam Saloum; Duarte, Roberta; Sakamoto, Fabiano S.; Furtado, João Marcello Fortes; Paula, Jayter Silva; Donadi, Eduardo Antonio; S
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 197-200
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
PURPOSE: Subclinical inflammation may be observed in patients using topical antiglaucomatous drugs. The objective of this study was to investigate inflammation in conjunctiva of glaucoma patients using prostaglandin analogs, by the detection of an immunogenetic marker (HLA-DR) and compare the effect of 3 different drugs: latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost in the induction of this inflammation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were evaluated without and with prostaglandin analogs topical therapy. Imprints of conjunctival cells were obtained, fixed on glass slides, and prepared for immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Before the use of prostaglandin analogs, 4 of the 33 patients evaluated presented expression of HLA-DR in the conjunctiva (mild). After 1 month on prostaglandin analog treatment, all but 1 patient presented HLA-DR staining. HLA-DR expression of these 32 patients was scored as mild (19 patients), medium (11 patients), or intense (2 patients). The differences were statistically significant both when the presence and the increased expression of HLA-DR were considered (P<0.001). When the 3 different groups were analyzed (latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost) no statistically significant difference was found (P=0.27). CONCLUSIONS: The use of prostaglandin analogs eye drops provokes a subclinical inflammatory reaction...

Timing of prostaglandin F2α treatment in an estrogen-based protocol for timed artificial insemination or timed embryo transfer in lactating dairy cows

Pereira, M. H C; Sanches, C. P.; Guida, T. G.; Rodrigues, A. D P; Aragon, F. L.; Veras, M. B.; Borges, P. T.; Wiltbank, M. C.; Vasconcelos, J. L M
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2837-2846
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
Objectives were to investigate progesterone concentrations and fertility comparing 2 different intervals from PGF2α treatment and induced ovulation in an estrogen-based ovulation synchronization protocol for timed artificial insemination (TAI) or timed embryo transfer (TET) in lactating dairy cows. A total of 1,058 lactating Holstein cows [primiparous (n=371) and multiparous (n=687)], yielding 34.1±0.33 kg of milk/d at various days in milk were randomly assigned to receive treatment with PGF2α on either d 7 or 8 of the following protocol: d 0: 2mg of estradiol benzoate + controlled internal drug release device; d 8: controlled internal drug release device removal + 1.0mg of estradiol cypionate; d 10: TAI or d 17: TET. Only cows with a corpus luteum at d 17 received an embryo and all cows received GnRH at TET. Pregnancy diagnoses were performed by detection (transrectal ultrasonography) of an embryo on d 28 or a fetus on d 60. Fertility [pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) or pregnancy per embryo transfer (P/ET)] was affected by breeding technique (AI vs. ET) and time of PGF2α treatment (d 7 vs. 8) at the 28-d pregnancy diagnosis for TAI [32.9% (238) vs. 20.6% (168)] and TET cows [47% (243) vs. 40.7% (244)] and at the 60-d pregnancy diagnosis for TAI [30% (238) vs. 19.2% (168)] and TET cows [37.9% (243) vs. 33.5% (244)]. The progesterone (P4) concentration at d 10 altered fertility in TAI cows...

Temporal analysis of prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor, caspase 3, and cyclooxygenase 2 messenger RNA expression and prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor and cyclooxygenase 2 protein expression in endometrial tissue from multiparous Nelore (Bos taurus indicus) cows treated with cloprostenol sodium during puerperium

Moraes, Carolina N. de; Maia, Leandro; Lima, Paula F. de; Dias, Marianne C.; Raposo-Ferreira, Talita M. M.; Sudano, Mateus J.; Junior, Jose B.; Oba, Eunice
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 276-284
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Processo FAPESP: 11/15330-0; The use of cloprostenol sodium in puerperium is questionable, as both favorable and unfavorable responses during the uterine involution process have been reported in the literature. This study is based on the hypothesis that cloprostenol sodium promotes modifications in the prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor (FP), caspase 3 (CASP-3), and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) mRNA expression that may favor the process of postpartum uterine involution in multiparous Nelore (Bos taurus indicus) females. Additionally, we aimed to describe the presence and immunolocalization of the FP and COX-2 protein in endometrial tissue at different postpartum time points in these females. Multiparous Nelore cows (n = 24) were treated with cloprostenol sodium (n = 12) or saline solution (n = 12) on postpartum Days 1 and 4 (Day 0 = birth), and endometrial biopsies were performed with a Yomann biopsy instrument and collected on Days I, 7, 14, 28, and 42 postpartum. The mRNA expression from samples on the Days 1, 7,14, 28, and 42 and the protein expression from samples on the Days 1, 14, 28, and 42 were then analyzed. The treated cows had altered FP and CASP-3 mRNA expression...

Stereospecific conversion of prostaglandin D2 to (5Z,13E)-(15S)-9 alpha-11 beta,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (9 alpha,11 beta-prostaglandin F2) and of prostaglandin H2 to prostaglandin F2 alpha by bovine lung prostaglandin F synthase.

Watanabe, K; Iguchi, Y; Iguchi, S; Arai, Y; Hayaishi, O; Roberts, L J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1986 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
A prostaglandin F (PGF) synthase was recently purified from bovine lung that catalyzed the reduction of both PGH2 and PGD2 but at different active sites on the enzyme. In view of the recent finding that PGD2 is stereospecifically reduced to a unique biologically active compound, (5Z, 13E)-(15S)-9 alpha, 11 beta, 15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2 or 11-epi-PGF2 alpha), by a human liver cytosolic enzyme, detailed characterization of the products formed from PGH2 and PGD2 by the bovine lung PGF synthase was carried out. Chromatographic characteristics of the products formed and stereochemical analysis procedures using mass spectrometry indicated that the enzyme stereospecifically reduces PGH2 to PGF2 alpha, whereas PGD2 is stereospecifically converted to 9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2. The finding that this enzyme catalyzes the formation of both C-11 hydroxy epimers of PGF2, albeit from different substrates, is of interest in that these two compounds may exert different biological actions.

An Indomethacin Analogue, N-(4-Chlorobenzoyl)-melatonin, is a Selective Inhibitor of Aldo-keto Reductase 1C3 (Type 2 3α-HSD, Type 5 17β-HSD, and Prostaglandin F Synthase), a Potential Target for the Treatment of Hormone Dependent and Hormone Independent Malignancies

Byrns, Michael C.; Steckelbroeck, Stephan; Penning, Trevor M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Aldo-keto reductase (AKR) 1C3 (type 2 3α-HSD, type 5 17β-HSD, and prostaglandin F synthase) regulates ligand access to steroid hormone and prostaglandin receptors and may stimulate proliferation of prostate and breast cancer cells. NSAIDs are known inhibitors of AKR1C enzymes. An NSAID analogue that inhibits AKR1C3 but is inactive against the cyclooxygenases and the other AKR1C family members would provide an important tool to examine the role of AKR1C3 in proliferative signaling. We tested NSAIDs and NSAID analogues for inhibition of the reduction of 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) catalyzed by AKR1C3 and the closely related isoforms AKR1C1 and AKR1C2. Two of the compounds initially screened, indomethacin and its methyl ester, were specific for AKR1C3 versus the other AKR1C isoforms. Based on these results and the crystal structure of AKR1C3, we predicted that N-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-melatonin (CBM), an indomethacin analogue that does not inhibit the cyclooxygenases, would selectively inhibit AKR1C3. CBM inhibited the reduction of PQ by AKR1C3, but did not significantly inhibit AKR1C1 or AKR1C2. Indomethacin and CBM also inhibited the AKR1C3-catalyzed reduction of Δ4-androstene-3,17-dione but did not significantly inhibit the reduction of steroid hormones catalyzed by AKR1C1 or AKR1C2. The pattern of inhibition of AKR1C3 by indomethacin and CBM was uncompetitive versus PQ...

Colocalization of prostaglandin F2α receptor FP and prostaglandin F synthase-I in the spinal cord

Suzuki-Yamamoto, T.; Toida, K.; Sugimoto, Y.; Ishimura, K.
Fonte: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
Prostaglandin F2α is synthesized by prostaglandin F synthase, which exists in two types, prostaglandin F synthase I (PGFS I) and prostaglandin F synthase II (PGFS II). Prostaglandin F2α binds to its specific receptor, FP. Our previous immunohistochemical study showed the distinct localization of prostaglandin F synthases in rat spinal cord. PGFS I exists in neuronal somata and dendrites in the gray substance, and PGFS II exists in ependymal cells and tanycytes surrounding the central canal. Both enzymes are also present in endothelial cells of blood vessels in the white and gray substances of the spinal cord. In this study, we found that FP localizes in neuronal somata and dendrites but not in ependymal cells, tanycytes, or endothelial cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of serial sections showed the colocalization of FP and PGFS I. FP immunoreactivity was intense in spinal laminae I and II of the dorsal horn, a connection site of pain transmission, and was similar to that of PGFS I in neuronal elements. These findings suggest that prostaglandin F2α synthesized in the neuronal somata and dendrites exert an autocrine action there.—Suzuki-Yamamoto, T., K. Toida, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Ishimura. Colocalization of prostaglandin F2α receptor FP and prostaglandin F synthase-I in the spinal cord.

The effects of dietary omega fatty acids on pregnancy rate, plasma prostaglandin metabolite levels, serum progesterone levels, and milk fatty-acid profile in beef cows

Richardson, Gavin F.; McNiven, Mary A.; Petit, Hélène V.; Duynisveld, John L.
Fonte: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association Publicador: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
The objectives were to determine the effects of feeding supplements rich in omega-6 or omega-3 fatty acids (FA) during the late gestation to the early postpartum and breeding periods on reproduction and milk FA profile in beef cows. For each of two years, at the beginning of period 1 (mid-December), 72 beef cows, calving in January or February, were assigned to diets supplemented with roasted flaxseed (Flax) or roasted soybean (Soybean). For each of two years, after 11 wk (end of period 1), 18 cows of 36 in the Flax group were switched to the soybean supplement and 18 cows of 36 in the Soybean group were switched to the flax supplement (start of Period 2). Cows were bred by timed artificial insemination (TAI) in week 5 of period 2. The FA composition of the milk reflected the FA profile of the oilseed supplements. There were no differences in pregnancy rates among the 4 groups. The treatments had no effect on plasma prostaglandin metabolite levels or ratios at 4 to 11 d postpartum. At 5 to 6 d post- TAI, pregnant cows fed Flax in period 1 had lower (P < 0.05) plasma prostaglandin F metabolite (PGFM) levels and PGFM to prostaglandin E metabolite (PGEM) ratio than cows fed Soybean, but there were no significant differences at 19 to 20 d post-TAI. Cows pregnant from TAI and fed Flax in period 2 had higher (P < 0.05) serum progesterone levels at 5 to 6 d post-TAI than cows fed Soybean...

Parturition and Recruitment of Macrophages in Cervix of Mice Lacking the Prostaglandin F Receptor1

Yellon, Steven M.; Ebner, Charlotte A.; Sugimoto, Yukihiko
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Parturition does not occur in transgenic mice lacking the prostaglandin F receptor (Ptgfr−/−) because luteolysis is forestalled and progesterone production persists. Ovariectomy of pregnant Ptgfr−/− mice leads to a decline in circulating progesterone and delivery of live pups. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that immigration of macrophages and increased innervation of the cervix of Ptgfr−/− mice was associated with ripening and parturition. The cervix of pregnant Ptgfr−/− mice was studied on Days 15–21 after breeding; additional groups were ovariectomized on Day 19 of pregnancy, and the cervix obtained on Day 20 of pregnancy before birth or the next day at about 24 h after birth. On Days 18–19 of pregnancy, macrophage numbers and nerve fiber density increased more than 3-fold compared with findings in nonpregnant or Day 15 or 21 pregnant Ptgfr−/− mice. The magnitude and time course of these changes were comparable to those found in wild-type controls that delivered on Day 19 after breeding. Thus, the mechanism regulating macrophage immigration, innervation, and cervical remodeling in Ptgfr−/− mice with delayed parturition is similar to wild-type controls that deliver at term. By contrast...

Differential Stem and Progenitor Cell Trafficking by Prostaglandin E2

Hoggatt, Jonathan; Mohammad, Khalid S.; Singh, Pratibha; Hoggatt, Amber F.; Chitteti, Brahmananda Reddy; Speth, Jennifer M.; Hu, Peirong; Poteat, Bradley A.; Stilger, Kayla N.; Ferraro, Francesca; Silberstein, Lev; Wong, Frankie K.; Farag, Sherif S.; Czad
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
SUMMARY To maintain lifelong production of blood cells, hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are tightly regulated by inherent programs and extrinsic regulatory signals received from their microenvironmental niche. Long-term repopulating HSC (LT-HSC) reside in several, perhaps overlapping, niches that produce regulatory molecules/signals necessary for homeostasis and increased output following stress/injury 1–5. Despite significant advances in specific cellular or molecular mechanisms governing HSC/niche interactions, little is understood about regulatory function within the intact mammalian hematopoietic niche. Recently, we and others described a positive regulatory role for Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on HSC function ex vivo 6,7. While exploring the role of endogenous PGE2 we unexpectedly observed hematopoietic egress after nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment. Surprisingly, this was independent of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis. Stem and progenitor cells were found to have differing mechanisms of egress, with HSC transit to the periphery dependent on niche attenuation and reduction in the retentive molecule osteopontin (OPN). Hematopoietic grafts mobilized with NSAIDs had superior repopulating ability and long-term engraftment. Treatment of non-human primates and healthy human volunteers confirmed NSAID-mediated egress in higher species. PGE2 receptor knockout mice demonstrated that progenitor expansion and stem/progenitor egress resulted from reduced EP4 receptor signaling. These results not only uncover unique regulatory roles for EP4 signaling in HSC retention in the niche but also define a rapidly translatable strategy to therapeutically enhance transplantation.

Effects of prostaglandin administration 10 days apart on reproductive parameters of cyclic dairy nulliparous goats.

FONSECA, J. F. da; MAFFILI, V. V.; SANTOS, A. D. F.; FÜRST, R.; PROSPERI, C. P.; SOUZA, J. M. G.; TORRES, C. A. A.
Fonte: Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Belo Horizonte, v. 64, n. 2, p. 349-358, 2012. Publicador: Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Belo Horizonte, v. 64, n. 2, p. 349-358, 2012.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
Abstract: This study reported the effects of prostaglandin (PGF2a) administration 10 days apart on reproductive parameters of cyclic artificial inseminated (AI) nulliparous Alpine (n=9) and Saanen (n=9) goats. Animals received two doses of 22.5mg PGF2a 10 days apart. After 1st and 2nd PGF2a administrations, estrus was monitored at 12 h intervals, with a buck teaser. Plasma progesterone concentration (ng/mL) was determined from blood sampled on day 0 (1st PGF2a) and the following 5, 10 (2nd PGF2a), 15, 20, 25 and 30 days. After the onset of the second estrus, females were transrectally (5 MHz probe) scanned at 4 hour intervals until at least 8h after ovulation. Pregnancy was checked through transrectal ultrasound on days 20, 25, 30, 35 and 90 after insemination. All parameters studied did not differ between breeds (P>0.05). Estrous response and interval to estrus, respectively, after 1st (78.9% and 50.6±17.2h) and 2nd PGF2a (88.9% and 50.0±14.8h) administration did not differ (P>0.05). Overall animals ovulating (100.0%), interval to ovulation after 2nd PGF2a (64.5±19.5h) and after estrous onset (18.0±9.1h), ovulation rate (1.3±0.5), diameter of ovulatory follicle (8.1±1.1mm) were recorded. Embryo loss occurred before day 30 of pregnancy. Estrus can be efficiently synchronized in nulliparous Alpine and Saanen goats with two doses of prostaglandin 10 days apart. Efeitos da aplicação de prostaglandinas intervaladas de 10 dias sobre características reprodutivas de cabras leiteiras nulíparas cíclicas. Resumo: Relataram-se os efeitos da aplicação de prostaglandina sobre características reprodutivas de cabras leiteiras nulíparas cíclicas. Cabras Alpinas (n=9) e Saanen (n=9) receberam duas doses de 22.5mg PGF2a com 10 dias de intervalo. A progesterona plasmática (ng/mL) foi determinada a partir de amostras de sangue coletadas nos dias 0 (primeira dose)...

Evaluation of the possible role of prostaglandin F₂α in laminitis induced in horses by nasogastric administration of black walnut heartwood extract; Evaluation of the possible role of prostaglandin F(2)alpha in laminitis induced in horses by nasogastric administration of black walnut heartwood extract

Noschka, E.; Moore, J.; Peroni, J.; Lewis, T.; Lewis, S.; Robertson, T.
Fonte: Amer Veterinary Medical Assoc Publicador: Amer Veterinary Medical Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Obective—To provide insights into the role of prostaglandin F₂α (PGF₂α) in the developmental stages of laminitis induced in horses by ingestion of black walnut heartwood extract (BWHE). Sample Population—10 adult mixed-breed horses. Procedures—Horses were separated into 2 groups and were euthanatized at 12 hours after placebo (water) administration (control horses) or after BWHE administration and development of Obel grade 1 laminitis. Blood samples were obtained to determine plasma PGF2α concentrations hourly for the first 4 hours and subsequently every 2 hours after substance administration. Laminar arteries and veins were isolated, and responses to increasing concentrations of PGF₂α were measured before and after preincubation of blood vessels with prostanoid and thromboxane receptor antagonists SQ 29,548, SC-19220, and AH 6809. Results—Plasma PGF₂α concentrations increased in horses given BWHE; the WBC count decreased concurrently. In control horses, PGF₂α was a potent contractile agonist for laminar veins but not for laminar arteries. In horses given BWHE, PGF₂α was similarly selective for laminar veins; however, the magnitude of PGF2α-induced venoconstriction was less than that in control horses. After preincubation with SQ 29...

Prostaglandin F2α and control of reproduction in female swine: A review; Prostaglandin F2alpha and control of reproduction in female swine: A review

De Rensis, F.; Saleri, R.; Tummaruk, P.; Techakumphu, M.; Kirkwood, R.
Fonte: Elsevier Science Inc Publicador: Elsevier Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
In female swine, PGF2α is an important regulator of corpora luteal (CL) function, uterine contractility, ovulation, and embryo attachment. High affinity PGF2α receptors are present in the CL at all stages of the estrous cycle and they are functional. Therefore, a lack of luteolytic capacity of PGF2α is related to other factors that have not been well identified. In female pigs, a single exogenous PGF2α injection produces a short lasting decrease in plasma progesterone levels but does not induce luteolysis before day 12 of the estrous cycle. However, multiple injections of PGF2α can induce luteolysis before day 12 of the estrous cycle and may be utilized in the development of protocols for ovulation synchronization and timed AI. Most commonly, PGF2α is used for the induction of farrowing and so facilitation of cross fostering. Further, since PGF2α is a smooth muscle stimulant, treatment to stimulate myometrial contractions and uterine evacuation of residual products from parturition or infectious debris, may have beneficial effects on post-weaning fertility. Administration of PGF2α at the moment of insemination has been shown to improve reproductive performances when fertility is otherwise low, such as in sow under summer heat stress.; F. De Rensis...

Effect of adding a gonadotropin-releasing-hormone treatment at the beginning and a second prostaglandin F-2 alpha treatment at the end of an estradiol-based protocol for timed artificial insemination in lactating dairy cows during cool or hot seasons of the year

Pereira, M. H. C.; Wiltbank, M. C.; Barbosa, L. F. S. P.; Costa, W. M.; Carvalho, M. A. P.; Vasconcelos, J. L. M.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 947-959
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 2012/19059-2; Our hypothesis was that fertility could be increased in a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol based on estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) by combining GnRH with E2-benzoate at the start of the protocol to increase circulating P4 during preovulatory follicle development and by using 2 prostaglandin F-2 alpha (PGF) treatments at the end to decrease P4 near TAI. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 1,808) were randomly assigned during the cool or hot season of the year to receive TAI (d 0) following 1 of 3 treatments: (1) control: controlled internal drug-release insert + 2 mg of E2-benzoate on d -11, PGF on d -4, controlled internal drug-release insert withdrawal + 1.0 mg of E2-cypionate on d -2, and TAI on d 0; (2) 2PGF: identical to control protocol with addition of a second PGF treatment on d -2; (3) GnRH: identical to 2PGF protocol with addition of a 100-mu g GnRH treatment on d -11. Pregnancy diagnoses were performed on d 32 and 60 after TAI. Season had major effects on many reproductive measures, with cool season greater than hot season in percentage of cows with corpus luteum (CL) at PGF (62.9 vs. 56.2%), ovulatory follicle diameter (15.7 vs. 14.8 mm)...