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Ambiente de multiprojeto e produto simples: a participação da manufatura no processo de desenvolvimento de produtos; Multiprojeet enviromental and simple profuct: the parteicipation of maufacturing in product development process.

Wechsler, Ana Maria Gati
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
Esta pesquisa estuda o desenvolvimento de produtos e processos em três empresas, no Brasil, de produtos simples em ambiente de multiprojetos, empresas onde é alta a taxa de inovação anual de produtos e processos. As empresas estudadas pertencem aos ramos de negócio alimentício, cosméticos e calçados. Para melhor entender como a manufatura participa nesse processo, quais são seus papéis e suas responsabilidades, o estudo analisa o processo de inovação, assim como as práticas de participação das áreas envolvidas no processo de DP. O estudo identificou, nas três empresas estudadas, que a administração do elevado número de projetos é seqüencial entre as atividades envolvidas, podendo haver simultaneidade de atividades. A participação da manufatura é essencial desde o início do projeto, ainda que essa não esteja explicita nos organogramas ou processos da empresa. A carteira de projetos dessas empresas é formada por vários projetos, muitos dos quais são derivativos incrementais ou topológicos, isto é, com variações de design. Para esses projetos, pode se comprometer a qualidade ou os prazos de desenvolvimento se a manufatura não estiver participando das fases iniciais do projeto, isto é, na concepção dos produtos e principais processos. A eventual participação da produção nestas fases iniciais está relacionada à verificação de que se trata de fato de um projeto derivativo...

Práticas ágeis no processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos; Best practices in process development of electronic games

Petrillo, Fábio dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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A indústria de jogos eletrônicos está entrando em uma nova era, na qual a tecnologia e a criatividade fundem-se, produzindo alguns dos mais estonteantes entretenimentos do Séc. XXI. Essa indústria, que já em 2003 ultrapassou o faturamento do cinema, tendo um rendimento anual de bilhões de dólares, emerge como uma das mais poderosas, excitantes e influentes no mundo das artes. Mesmo com toda essa pujança e rentabilidade, muitos dos relatos sobre projetos de jogos (doravante denominados postmortems) mostram que a produção desses softwares não é uma tarefa simples, estando ainda distante de um processo de trabalho saudável e sinergético. Entretanto, ao analisarmos mais atentamente os postmortems disponíveis nos sites especializados em jogos eletrônicos, pode-se constatar a adoção de várias práticas de engenharia de software, em especial, práticas ágeis de desenvolvimento. Assim, é possível melhorar o processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos através da aplicação dessas práticas? Que práticas são mais adequadas para este domínio? Que impacto sua adoção tem sobre propriedades subjetivas como a criatividade e a diversão? O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o impacto da aplicação de práticas ágeis no processo de desenvolvimento de jogos eletrônicos...

An alternative process for butanol production: Continuous flash fermentation

Mariano, Adriano Pinto; De Angelis, Dejanira de Franceschi; Maugeri Filho, Francisco; Atala, Daniel Ibraim Pires; Wolf MacIel, Maria Regina; MacIel Filho, Rubens
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The objective of this work is to introduce and demonstrate the technical feasibility of the continuous flash fermentation for the production of butanol. The evaluation was carried out through mathematical modeling and computer simulation which is a good approach in such a process development stage. The process consists of three interconnected units, as follows: the fermentor, the cell retention system (tangential microfiltration) and the vacuum flash vessel (responsible for the continuous recovery of butanol from the broth). The efficiency of this process was experimentally validated for the ethanol fermentation, whose main results are also shown. With the proposed design the concentration of butanol in the fermentor was lowered from 11.3 to 7.8 g/l, which represented a significant reduction in the inhibitory effect. As a result, the final concentration of butanol was 28.2 g/l for a broth with 140 g/l of glucose. Solvents productivity and yield were, respectively, 11.7 g/l.h and 33.5 % for a sugar conversion of 95.6 %. Positive aspects about the flash fermentation process are the solvents productivity, the use of concentrated sugar solution and the final butanol concentration. The last two features can be responsible for a meaningful reduction in the distillation costs and result in environmental benefits due to lower quantities of wastewater generated by the process. © 2008 Berkeley Electronic Press. All rights reserved.

Development of a process assessment model for medical device software development

Lepmets, Marion; Clarke, Paul; Mc Caffery, Fergal; Dorling, Alec
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; Software that is incorporated into a medical device, or which is a standalone medical device in its own right, is of a safety critical nature and subject to regulation from various jurisdictions (principally the EU and the US). In order to satisfy jurisdictional regulations, developers of medical device software generally implement standards and guidance provided by internation-al standards bodies and national administrative departments. However, the various standards and guidance documents are not developed as a single cohesive set but often as separate re-sources addressing distinct areas of concern. The result for medical device software develop-ers is that integration of these various sources represents a challenging undertaking. The aim of this paper is to describe the integration of the several process models and regula-tory standards, first, into a process reference model and then into a process assessment model for medical device software development. The focus is on the integration of regulatory standards from the medical device domain with generic software development process mod-els, resulting in a unified best practice framework for medical device software development. The process reference model for medical device software development is going to be pub-lished this year as IEC TR 80002-3...

Practical experience of virtual team software development

Casey, Valentine; Richardson, Ita
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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45.79%
peer-reviewed; Given the current popularity of Global Software Development (GSD) increasing numbers of organisations are taking the opportunity offered to set up virtual software teams. This approach allows companies to partner experienced engineers located in high cost economic areas with less experienced team members based in low cost centres allowing both locations to be leveraged to their best advantage. A number of different approaches are currently being undertaken. Some organisations have set up subsidiaries in low cost economies and are developing virtual teams in this environment. Others are partnering with third party outsourcing organisations. The focus of this research is an Irish based company partnered with an organisation located in the US to develop and maintain bespoke financial software. A number of virtual teams were established, each team had members based in the US and Ireland. Given the locations involved it was initially believed that the organisations were culturally near shore. While that proved correct to a point, it soon became clear that communication, motivation and cultural differences existed and needed to be addressed. It was also realised that a new approach to process development and improvement had to be undertaken to ensure the successful development and operation of these virtual teams. Both organisations had good single site development and maintenance processes...

Transforming Government and Empowering Communities : The Sri Lankan Experience with e-Development

Hanna, Nagy K.
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
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This book focuses on the institutional innovations needed to lead the diffusion of the new information and communication technology (ICT) that can help transform developing economies into knowledge economies and information societies. It shows that developing e-leadership institutions is a long-term process, fraught with uncertainties, but a process that remains at the heart of implementing ICT-enabled development strategies. It focuses on improving governance and the delivery of public services, bridging economic divides, promoting social inclusion, and drastically cutting transaction costs across the economy. It seeks to exploit new sources of growth, employment, and competitiveness by promoting the ICT and IT-enabled services industries and the use of ICT by small enterprises to network and compete. This book draws on the experience of Sri Lanka to explore what is involved in moving from vision to implementation of a comprehensive e-development strategy-the e-Sri Lanka program. The focus is on building local e-leadership institutions to drive this process and leveraging ICT to transform government and empower communities through e-government and e-society. Finally...

Local Conflict and Development Projects in Indonesia : Part of the Problem or Part of a Solution?

Barron, Patrick; Diprose, Rachael; Woolcock, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Drawing on an integrated mixed methods research design, the authors explore the dynamics of the development-conflict nexus in rural Indonesia, and the specific role of development projects in shaping the nature, extent, and trajectories of "everyday" conflicts. They find that projects that give inadequate attention to dispute resolution mechanisms in many cases stimulate local conflict, either through the injection of development resources themselves or less directly by exacerbating preexisting tensions in target communities. But projects that have explicit and accessible procedures for managing disputes arising from the development process are much less likely to lead to violent outcomes. The authors argue that such projects are more successful in addressing project-related conflicts because they establish direct procedures (such as forums, facilitators, and complaints mechanisms) for dealing with tensions as they arise. These direct mechanisms are less successful in addressing broader social tensions elicited by...

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Fonte: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publicador: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; FAO Statistics Division
Fonte: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development Publicador: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.65%
The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Do Government Policies that Promote Competition Encourage— or Discourage—New Product and Process Development In Low and Middle-Income Countries?

Clarke, George R. G.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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55.7%
Previous work has shown that firms in low and middle-income countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia that feel greater pressure to innovate from their competitors are more likely to introduce new products and services than firms that do not feel pressure (Carlin and others 2001; World Bank 2004). However, competition also appears to affect innovation in other ways. In particular, firms in these countries that face greater price competition appear to be less likely to innovate than other firms (Carlin and others 2001). The author assesses how competition and trade policy affect these different aspects of competition and, consequently, assesses their net impact on innovation. He finds that reducing tariffs and enacting and enforcing competition laws modestly increases both the pressure that firms feel regarding innovation and the level of price competition in the domestic economy. The net impact that lower tariffs have on new product and process development appears to be negative but small-for the most part the opposing effects cancel out. In contrast, stricter competition laws and better enforcement of those laws appear to increase the likelihood of new product and process development, especially when competition is treated as endogenous to innovation.

Community Development Toolkit : Volume 2. Background Volume

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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The Pioneering New Approaches in Support of Sustainable Development in the Extractive Sector project promotes mine development and operation and improves opportunities for the sustainable development of mining communities and regions during all phases of the mining cycle. In part, the project responds to recommendations in "Breaking New Ground," the report of the Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project (2002), for new approaches to enable governments, industry, and communities to create country-specific frameworks, including community sustainable development plans, that would ultimately reduce conflict, promote cooperation, and enhance the contribution of mineral-related investment to sustainable development. The result is this Community Development Toolkit, which has two main parts: 1) 17 Tools intended for use throughout the project cycle and which cover the assessment, planning, management, and evaluation phases of community development as well as stakeholder relationships; and 2) the Background volume...

A methodology for requirements engineering process development

Jiang, L.; Eberlein, A.; Far, B.
Fonte: IEEE Computer Society Press; Washington DC Publicador: IEEE Computer Society Press; Washington DC
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2004 EN
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Adoption of the most suitable requirements engineering (RE) process and selection of the most appropriate RE techniques for a given project is a common challenge faced by industry. This paper presents a methodology for RE process development for a given project. The novelty of this work is four-fold. First, a RE process knowledge base (REPKB) is established and it helps during RE process development. Second, a decision support mechanism is provided during RE process development. Third, this methodology uses three components: process building blocks, standard templates of the RE process and development guidelines, to help process development. Fourth, it explicitly links project characteristics with RE process development so that the most suitable RE process can be developed. The theory behind this methodology is described in the paper. Preliminary results suggest that the methodology is of valuable help to requirements engineers during RE process development and process customization.; Copyright © 2004 IEEE

A Multi-tier Structured Tool for Requirements Engineering Process Development

Jiang, L.; Eberlein, A.; Far, B.
Fonte: Springer; Germany Publicador: Springer; Germany
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2004 EN
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Developing a suitable Requirements Engineering (RE) process for a given project is a challenge faced by many practitioners. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-tier structure for a web-based Requirements Engineering Process dEvelopment AssistanT (REPEAT). This tool is designed to help requirements engineers develop a suitable RE process for a given project. The tool is an implementation of the RE process development methodology developed in our research. The novelty of this tool is three-fold. First, the tool uses interactive web technology to provide more accessibility for requirements engineers and to support the collaborative nature of RE process development. Second, REPEAT uses a novel multi-tier structure for enhanced design and maintainability. Third, the tool provides direct links between an RE process and the characteristics of a given project.; Li Jiang, Armin Eberlein and Behrouz Homayoun Far; The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com

A tool for requirements engineering process development - A knowledge engineering perspective

Jiang, L.; Eberlein, A.
Fonte: IEEE; USA Publicador: IEEE; USA
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2007 EN
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Using Software Engineering (SE) knowledge to support the software development process is challenging due to the complex structure of SE knowledge and the uncertain nature of large-scale software projects. However, already before developing software, establishing a development process suitable for the project at hand is another challenge. This paper presents a Requirements Engineering (RE) tool that contains a knowledge base to support RE process development and selection of RE techniques. The tool is built based on the Framework for Requirements Engineering pRocess dEvelopment (FRERE). The major merits of the tool over others is that the tool uses knowledge representation to manage the knowledge of the RE process and its technique, thus assisting development of the most suitable RE process for a software project.; Li Jiang; Armin Eberlein; Copyright © 2007 IEEE

Prozessentwicklung für die Produktion des Lipopeptid-Antibiotikums Friulimicin in Actinoplanes friuliensis; Process Development for the Production of the Lipopeptide Antibiotic Friulimicin in Actinoplanes friuliensis

Steinkämper, Anne
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
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Friulimicin ist ein hochwirksames Antibiotikum gegen gram positive multiresistente Bakterien wie methicillinresistente Staphylokokken und Enterokokken (MRS, MRE). Zum besseren Verständnis der Biosynthese und zur Untersuchung von Möglichkeiten zur Steigerung der Produktivität des Lipopeptid-Antibiotikums Friulimicin in dem „seltenen Aktinomyzeten“ Actinoplanes friuliensis wurden verschiedene Modellprozesse entwickelt. Für die Entwicklung von Modellprozessen und zur Charakterisierung der Friulimicinbiosynthese in A. friuliensis wurde ein chemisch definiertes Nährmedium verwendet. In diesem definierten Nährmedium konnte der Einfluss von einzelnen Nährmedienbestandteilen auf die physiologischen und morphologischen Eigenschaften des Myzelbildners A. friuliensis untersucht und Nährmedienanpassungen zur Steigerung der Biomasse und der Friulimicinausbeute vorgenommen werden. Aus den Kultivierungen mit definiertem Nährmedium wurden zudem Ansätze für die Entwicklung von Prozessführungsstrategien und Möglichkeiten zur erweiterten Prozessanalyse abgeleitet. Bei der Entwicklung von Prozessführungsstrategien zeigten Fed-Batch-Prozesse großes Potential zur Steigerung der Produktivität von Friulimicin. Der Nährmedienbestandteil Phosphat ist essentiell für das Zellwachstum und die Aktivität der Zellen. Höhere Phosphatkonzentrationen erwiesen sich allerdings als inhibierend auf die Friulimicinbiosynthese. Durch limitierte Zufütterung von Phosphat konnte die Friulimicinproduktionsphase bei gleichzeitigem Wachstum verlängert werden. Neben Phosphat zeigte auch das Nebenprodukt Ammonium eine inhibierende Wirkung auf die Friulimicinbiosynthese. Durch die Zufütterung der Kohlenhydratquelle Glucose konnte die Ammoniumbildung vermieden werden. Als besonders geeignete Prozessführungsstrategie erwies sich ein kontinuierlicher Prozess mit Zellrückhaltung. Die volumetrische Produktivität von Friulimicin konnte durch diesen Prozesstyp im Vergleich zu Batch-Prozessen und Fed Batch-Prozessen um ein Mehrfaches gesteigert werden. Um die Prozessentwicklung effizienter zu gestalten...

A Study of the Alpha contracting process and its effects on Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) within selected Army Acquisition Programs

Clements, Andrew F.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 71 p. : ill. ;
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis evaluates the sole-source method of Alpha Contracting in the Army's HMMWV, Bradley A3, and AFATDS acquisition programs and examines the advantages and disadvantages associated with its implementation. Specifically, the research focuses on the effects of Alpha Contracting on the Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) concept and its associated use of Integrated Product Teams (IPTs). The objective is to determine if Alpha Contracting, in concert with the IPPD process, supports DoD's ultimate acquisition goal of providing warfighters with effective systems on schedule at an affordable cost. Ultimately, this analysis will lead to the development of a set of recommendations for its implementation in future acquisition endeavors. The research conducted for this thesis includes an analysis of the Alpha Contracting process, an indepth review of the IPPD management process, a detailed examination of current Army acquisition programs utilizing the Alpha Contracting process to determine the extent of its advantages and disadvantages, and an analysis of the cause and effect of any failed expectations of the process.; Captain, United States Army

Kenya - Community Driven Development : Challenges and Opportunities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.81%
The overall objective of this analytical work is to assess the possibilities for using a community driven development approach in Kenya, to increase formal linkages, downward accountability of service delivery mechanisms, and social inclusiveness in the poverty reduction effort. The report explores relevant policy, and institutional features which color the community driven development (CDD) experience in the country. In the attempt to summarize existing data, and experience on CDD, the focus remains on the various institutional approaches used by different programs. These include a wide spectrum from government and non-government, including a look at the enabling legal, and administrative environment for community mobilization, and civic engagement. Initially, the report provides a background, and introduction to the study, and in analyzing the CDD, aims to inform the Government's the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper process, and the Bank's Country Assistance Strategy. It then reviews major policies which had impacted the present socioeconomic circumstances...

Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development in Africa : Selected Proceedings, Johannesburg, 25-29 September 2000

Development Bank of Southern Africa; African Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Johannesburg Publicador: Johannesburg
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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55.66%
The importance of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) function within public administration has been magnified by the growing voice of civil society, which has brought the issues of good governance and more effective public administration to the fore. The global trend towards more accountable, responsive and efficient government has bolstered the appeal for M&E capacity development, which has been the central focus of efforts to improve governance in the context of a comprehensive development framework. Evaluation has become increasingly important in Africa owing to stagnant, and negative economic growth rates, together with concerns related to governance, and doubts about the efficacy of development assistance. These are selected proceedings from the seminar and workshop on "Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development for Africa" as a follow-up to the regional seminar, to foster networking among M&E practitioners, and to share knowledge on M&E in the context of improved governance, accountability, and effective development delivery...

Managing Knowledge Results : An Exploration of the Systems and Practices of Development Agencies

Roberts, Dawn
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.79%
Knowledge organizations embrace a broad range of conceptual frameworks and methods to guide and assess how the capacities of individuals, organizations, policy frameworks, and societies are being enhanced to advance development objectives. The World Bank Institute (WBI) is a global connector of knowledge, learning, and innovation for poverty reduction. To best leverage knowledge for development effectiveness, WBI has worked to foster a results culture among its staff and establish a results infrastructure. WBI's Capacity and Results practice (WBICR) had conducted an exploratory study to examine the range of practices and systems in place at knowledge organizations to plan for and manage results. This report spotlights interesting approaches and methods used by these organizations to further the dialogue on how to plan for and strengthen the outcomes of knowledge activities going forward.

Process development of an analog/digital mixed-mode BiCMOS system at RIT

Hirschman, Karl D.
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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45.79%
The development of an analog/digital mixed-mode BiCMOS process is presented. The process uses the RIT factory n-well CMOS process as its baseline process. The process is tailored to meet the requirements of an analog/digital system, while minimizing process complexity and maximizing compatibility with the established CMOS process. The process development includes determining the device requirements for the BiCMOS process, evaluating the established CMOS process, and integrating the additional process steps into the baseline process. TMA SUPREM III 1-D Process Analysis Program and RIT's processing history are used as guidelines, keeping manufacturability an important issue. An integrated test chip is developed to measure the performance of the process and to compare measured results with modelling simulations. The test chip includes test structures for each masking level, along with test circuits that are designed using CMOS, bipolar, and BiCMOS technologies, which perform analog and digital functions. The process is implemented into the RIT factory, utilizing the WIPTRACK tracking system. Each processing step is entered into the system with complete instructions. Real-time measurement data is entered into the system at each step by operators under the supervision of the process engineer. Analysis of the test structures and test circuits will demonstrate the performance of the designed process.