The printing industry has been changing dramatically for over 20 years. While the majority of print volume is generated by offset lithography, many print operations are bringing in digital technologies as a complement or even replacement for some offset market segments. Amongst the advantages of these new digital technologies are the ability to produce variable data printing and economically viable short-run jobs. At the same time, societal, consumer, and regulatory pressures are driving all areas of industry to examine closely the effects of their operations on the environment. With the advancement and proliferation of digital technologies, the printing industry is looking forward to digital printing as a panacea for some significant technical and environmental problems that are currently associated with traditional printing methods.
The two digital technologies showing the most growth potential are inkjet and electrophotography (Romano, 2003). Both technologies are developing the capability to approach offset lithography in image quality. High-end electrophotographic production presses are able to produce output at a rate which makes accessible some short-run offset market segments and there is significant development activity in this area from press manufacturers...
The printing industry in Sub-Sahara Africa faces numerous problems inhibiting further growth and development. Because of a scarcity of published information regarding these problems, and regarding the nature of the industry in general, this study hoped to establish a beginning and baseline for researchers, printing managers, suppliers, development planners, and anyone else interested in the development of the African printing industry. Specifically, the objectives of this study were to identify: 1) the general characteristics of the printing industry in Sub-Sahara Africa; and 2) the primary constraints inhibiting its further growth and development. Information was gathered by several means, including a search of the literature, interviews, and a survey of manufacturers. General economic data was also gathered and statistically analyzed by country cluster and factor analyzes. Further, the industry is examined in terms of international technology transfer research findings. The study showed that the printing industry in Sub-Sahara Africa is characterized by the following generalizations: A wide range of diversity in technological sophistication from one country to another; rapid technological change; a scarcity of local sources of printing equipment and supplies; a generally low level of printing quality; predominantly single color printing; a relatively high cost for raw materials; high tariffs on industry inputs; a scarcity and low level of technical skills; poor management; a generally rudimentary level of technology; considerable infrastructure problems; small and underdeveloped markets ; poor environmental control; poor printer/publisher relations; and a scarcity of training and educational institutions for the graphic arts. Recommendations to participants and recommendations for further research are presented.
What is the printing industry? The goal of this study is to define the printing industry universe. There are about a dozen major sources of information about the printing industry, only one of which is the Federal Government. Although printing is one of the most documented industries in the United States, each of these sources arrives at a different view for the size and scope of the industry. This report investigates the challenges in developing a meaningful set of criteria for defining and quantifying the printing industry. Using the criteria from 15 points of definition, a database of just under 3,000 firms was developed and all relevant data sources were reviewed. The goal was to list all of the major printing firms in a comprehensive database and to understand the demographics of the largest printers, as well as a sampling of medium and small printers. The results found that lass than 1,000 firms represented 65% of the revenue of the entire industry.; A Research Monograph of the Printing Industry Center at RIT
In this paper, the impact that the task environment has on the adoption of environmental innovations by firms is examined. Specifically, the impact of two dimensions of a firm's external context - munificence and dynamism - is investigated. Both of these factors are studied by drawing on the relevant literature, developing a number of hypotheses, and testing these hypotheses with data drawn from the U.S. printing industry. The major findings are that firms in highly dynamic environments, as well as firms that have adopted productive innovations, are more likely to adopt a greater number of environmental innovations.; A Research Monograph of the Printing Industry Center at RIT
With approximately 62,355 firms and sales of $210 billion annually1, the printing industry is a
significant contributor to the overall U.S. economy. The printing industry is also an important environmental
actor in several major areas, such as use of paper (about 8 percent of all the wood cut down
worldwide is used for paper production, much of which is used in printing), use of hazardous materials
in printing inks, and production of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from cleaning
solvents used in the printing process. Regulatory standards and social pressures are requiring printing
fi rms to reduce their use of resources and emissions of hazardous and other substances. Doing this
can be costly. In 1994, for example, the printing and publishing industry reported spending over $57
million on pollution control equipment alone (United States Census Bureau).
Many in industry and government agree that preventing pollution tends to be more efficient, from
an economic and environmental perspective, than controlling it after the fact. Pollution prevention is
accomplished through changes in production, operation, and raw materials use, in contrast to pollution
control, which is accomplished by the adoption of emissions-abatement or waste treatment technologies.
Distribution of printed materials involves the movement of product from the production
site to an internal (e.g., warehouse) or external (e.g., customer) location. Key issues in physical distribution include cost, materials handling, storage, and safety (Cummings & Chhita, 2004b). Following printing and binding, printed materials are sometimes entered directly into a distribution channel to be delivered to the ultimate reader or user. Printed materials frequently are warehoused for later distribution. This traditional workflow is known as print-and-distribute (Lamparter, 1998; Cost, 2005). A new workflow reverses these steps and distributes a job in electronic format to a remotely located print site for reproduction. This workflow has been described as “print’s great paradigm shift,” or, distribute-and-print. CAP Ventures, a market research and strategic consulting firm for the digital imaging and document solutions industry,
defines distribute-and-print as “electronically distributing a file and then physically printing the job near the point of final delivery” (Miley, 2003).; A Research Monograph of the Printing Industry Center at RIT
This study is designed to identify the skill sets needed by printing companies, and training
possibilities offered to existing employees , in the areas of Digital Asset Management (DAM) and Variable Data Printing (VDP). This was accomplished through a survey of the network of printing companies currently engaged in RIT’s Printing Industry Center research activities. In order to understand the characteristics of the digital printing market segment in the U.S. in 2005, a demographic study of the respondent group was also conducted. The respondent companies firmly believe in an increasing future demand for DAM
and VDP. When hiring specifically for DAM and VDP, companies are looking for employees with skill sets that the companies previously did not have. On average, companies that did hire DAM, VDP, and IT administration employees were larger than companies that did not hire in these areas. The same companies also experienced a higher revenue growth. Most companies that have deployed DAM and VDP show a preference for educating
their own employees for these areas. Most often companies use in-house training. However, the level of education they require and the training topics they offer do not lend themselves to a full deployment of these technologies. Operation of DAM and VDP are possible with the types of skill sets that are currently trained in-house...
The goal of this paper is to understand the factors that contribute to resilience in the printing
industry. We begin by outlining a theoretical
model of resilience and a method for conducting exploratory research. The heart of the paper is the presentation of survey and interview data to test and build upon the theoretical
model. We conclude with plans for future research.; A Research Monograph of the Printing Industry Center at RIT
Fonte: Printing Industry Center at RITPublicador: Printing Industry Center at RIT
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Print touches our lives constantly in the form of product packaging, books, newspapers, magazines, mail, or any of the wide variety of printed items we use every day. We consume it without even thinking about it. To treat printing as a stand-alone product, service, or process is impossible. It is a manufacturing industry in the strictest sense, but it is also a service industry. There are a number of other industries and services intertwined with printing, such as paper manufacturing, ink manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, print finishing, graphic design, marketing, distribution, mailing, and fulfillment services.
This report will briefly touch on these ancillary industries as needed, but is not an exhaustive discussion of the relationships (be they financial, historical, or physical) between all of these and the printing industry. Instead, this report is intended to be an introduction to printing and its many facets. References, an appendix on the history of the industry, and a suggested reading list have been provided for further study.; RIT Printing Industry Center research monograph.
This survey-based study examined the overall job satisfaction of graduates in graphic arts programs from the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). Survey results were used to conduct further analysis to determine which correlates of overall job satisfaction were statistically significant. Personal gratification derived from doing one’s job was found to be the most strongly correlated job facet to overall job satisfaction.; RIT Printing Industry Center research monograph.
The Printing Industry Center at RIT hosted a
colloquium to discuss methodologies used to
measure, track, and project the future of the
printing industry. Four economists, three with
a relationship to the printing industry, responded to a series of questions about the past, present and future of various aspects of the printing business and its relationship to society. A group of approximately 60 RIT faculty, RIT graduate students, and Industry Partners of the Center attended.; Document #PICRM-2003-01
Research Area: Industry Definition and Strategic Analysis; RIT, Alfred P Sloan Foundation, Adobe, Creo, R R Donnelley, HP, Heidelberg, IBM, MeadWestvaco, Nexpress, NPES, Standard Register, VIGC, Weyerhaeuser, Xerox
The use of graphic arts standards in the global printing industry is increasing as printers discover that the effective use of standards allows them to produce high quality printed goods at competitive costs. This trend is most advanced in Europe, but is also visible in North America and Asia. Despite the fact International Standards such as ISO 9001 have been adopted by the Indian industry at large, the extent to which the Indian printing industry has adopted graphic arts standards is largely unknown. This gap was recognized in 2010 by the Indian Technical Advisory Group for Graphic Arts Standards when this group concluded that data gathering concerning standardization activities &standards compliance in the Indian printing industries was needed. (Jain, Sweden 2010).
This research surveys the Indian printing industry in order to (1) gain an understanding of the extent to which graphic arts standards are currently in use, (2) the factors motivating further adoption in this market, and (3) the obstacles faced by printers wishing to adopt graphic arts standards. The survey instrument and plan are built on the highly successful Printing Standards Survey conducted by the Printing Industry Center at RIT in 2010 (Chung, Jensen 2010).
Fonte: Printing Industry Research Center at RITPublicador: Printing Industry Research Center at RIT
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Offshoring and offshore outsourcing, the movement of work and tasks to low-cost countries, has been increasing in scale and scope. Offshoring in the manufacturing sector has been an ongoing phenomenon for more than forty years. More recently, examples of offshoring in services industries such as software, once considered non-tradeable and therefore immune to offshoring, have emerged. The concurrent effects of very rapid growth of the Indian and Chinese economies and dramatically lower international cross-border transaction costs have the potential to change the structure of many industries.
Some have called this as historic an economic transformation as the Industrial Revolution (Blinder, 2006). Offshoring has already transformed a number of industries. On the manufacturing side, in response to pressures from foreign competitors, U.S. semiconductor firms were able to take advantage of labor in low-cost countries by modularizing their value chains (Sturgeon, 2006). By modularizing, they could isolate pieces of the value chain and site them in the most efficient geographic locations. Very labor-intensive tasks such as assembly were first moved offshore, and later foundries were moved to more efficient locations, while high-level design was kept closer to customers (Brown & Linden...