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Zooplâncton em córregos sob diferentes usos da terra na bacia do Rio Preto (Distrito Federal e Goiás); Zooplankton of streams under different land uses in RiomPreto watershed (Federal District and state of Goiás, Brazil)

Oliveira, Clarissa Barbosa de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2009 PT
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O zooplâncton possui grande sensibilidade ambiental e responde rapidamente a alterações ambientais com alterações na abundância e riqueza de organismos. Ainda se conhece muito pouco sobre os organismos aquáticos do Cerrado, assim como há poucos estudos sobre o zooplâncton de ambientes lóticos no Brasil. Esse trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar dois córregos da bacia do Rio Preto, médio São Francisco, pela avaliação de comunidades zooplanctônicas e suas relações com características físicas, químicas e biológicas da água, comparando córregos em áreas de vegetação nativa conservada e sob influência de áreas agrícolas. Foram amostradas duas sub-bacias do Rio Preto, localizadas em área de Cerrado (DF e GO) durante quatro semanas nos períodos seco e chuvoso. Em dois pontos de amostragem por córrego, foram coletadas amostras de zooplâncton e de água. Variáveis físicas e químicas da água e a concentração de a clorofila a foram determinadas. Os dois córregos apresentaram tendência de aumento de íons no período chuvoso. O córrego Estanislau (em área agrícola) apresentou maiores concentrações de nitrato, sódio, cloreto e clorofila a em relação ao córrego Pindaíba (em área de vegetação nativa). O zooplâncton se caracterizou por densidades muito baixas e alta riqueza de espécies...

Influence of atypical pluviosity on phytoplankton assemblages in a stretch of a large sub-tropical river (Brazil)

Perbiche-Neves, Gilmar; Ferrareze, Mateus F.; Serafim-Junior, Moacyr; Shirata, Madalena T.; Lagos, Patricia E. D.
Fonte: Versita Publicador: Versita
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 33-41
ENG
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This study aimed to evaluate the influence of alterations in pluviosity and ecological variables on microphytoplankton (> 20 mu m) structure (composition, richness, diversity, and abundance) and its biomass (chlorophyll-a), comparing different regions in a stretch of the low Igua double dagger u River and in some tributaries. Phytoplankton was sampled in 10 stations (5 in Igua double dagger u River and 5 in tributaries) during a dry period (April/2004) and an atypical rainy period (June/2004). The conductivity showed significant difference among the sampling points. Temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, silicate, and nitrate showed significant differences between the dry and wet periods. Phytoplankton was composed of 149 taxa, and the most representative class was Chlorophyceae (71 taxa), followed by Bacillariophyceae (35 taxa), and Cyanophyceae (25 taxa). During the rainy period, stations of Igua double dagger u River showed higher taxa number and total density compared to the tributaries, but the values were similar in the dry period. Tributaries presented higher diversity and equitability in both periods. Except by two stations in Igua double dagger u River, the higher taxa number, densities and biomass occurred in the dry period, associated to low levels of suspended matter. The canonical correspondence analysis indicated the dominance of Bacillariophyceae and Chrysophyceae in the rainy period related to nitrate and suspended matter. Two other groups were observed in the dry period: one formed by Cyanophyceae...

Structure of potamoplankton along a gradient of preservation of riparian vegetation in subtropical streams

PERESIN,DENISE; TORGAN,LEZILDA C.; SCHULZ,UWE H.; CROSSETTI,LUCIANE O.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
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Water quality in lotic and lentic systems is greatly influenced by the land use in the adjacent areas. This study was conducted in order to assess whether different degrees of preservation of riparian forest (from well preserved with 30m wide up to degraded with < 5 m wide) influence potamoplankton community structure. The study was conducted in three streams in the upper region of the Rio dos Sinos basin, at four sampling sites, with different width of the forest. Samplings were gathered for abiotic and biological analysis in winter (August 2010) and summer (January/February 2011). The analysis of environmental and biotic variables indicated that seasonality was the main determinant of biomass patterns, regardless of the width of riparian vegetation. The potamoplankton community of the studied streams responded to environmental conditions, although lack of significant difference among the different degrees of riparian vegetation preservation has been observed. Increasing trends on biomass, richness and diversity of species, and higher concentrations of total phosphorus and nitrogen in the non-preserved areas might indicate that the different gradients of preservation of riparian vegetation are related with the water quality in subtropical streams and consequently with the potamoplankton structure.

Phytoplankton flora of two rivers in Southeast Brazil: Paraibuna and Pomba Rivers, Minas Gerais

Soares,Maria Carolina S.; Sophia,Maria da Graça; Huszar,Vera L. de M.
Fonte: Sociedade Botânica de São Paulo Publicador: Sociedade Botânica de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 EN
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This work is a survey of the phytoplankton communities of the Paraibuna and Pomba Rivers. It aims is to contribute to the existing albeit scarce knowledge of the phytoplankton of Minas Gerais and of lotic phytoplankton in general. The results are based on 32 samples collected from Paraibuna and Pomba Rivers, in Minas Gerais State, during the dry (July and August, 2001) and rainy seasons (February 2002). Forty-eight taxa were identified, 20 from Paraibuna River and 28 from Pomba River, thirty-eight of which are new records for Minas Gerais State. The phytoplankton community of Paraibuna River was strongly influenced by a reservoir close to its source, thus the occurrence of lentic species of cyanobacteria and desmids. However, the phytoplankton community of Pomba River was typical of lotic environments, with great number of diatoms and desmids.

Interannual variability of phytoplankton in the main rivers of the Upper Paraná River floodplain, Brazil: influence of upstream reservoirs

Rodrigues,LC.; Train,S.; Bovo-Scomparin,VM.; Jati,S.; Borsalli,CCJ.; Marengoni,E.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
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The interannual variation of phytoplankton communities in the three main rivers of the Upper Paraná River floodplain is evaluated in relation to changes in the hydrosedimentological regime. These changes are a result of climatic variability and the formation of Porto Primavera Reservoir, located at the upper Paraná River. Phytoplankton species richness and density were investigated in rivers during a prior period (1993-1994) and eight years after reservoir impoundment (2000-2007). Multiple analyses were conducted to test the differences between these time periods in order to find predictor variables for phytoplankton attributes. A total of 454 phytoplanktonic taxa were found. The regression analysis revealed significant differences between periods. In the years following construction of the Porto Primavera dam, species richness was lower in the Paraná River and density was higher in the three rivers. In general, the algal density decreased from 2005 to 2007. Diatoms and cyanobacteria contributed significantly to the total density during the period from March 1993 to February 1994. The years 2000-2007 presented the lowest diatom contribution to species richness and the highest cyanobacteria contribution. From 2000 on, cryptomonads and cyanobacteria dominated. The interannual variability of phytoplankton was probably influenced by changes in hydrosedimentological regime due to climatic variations (La Niña and El Niño - Southern Oscillation events - ENSO) and the operational procedures associated with an upstream reservoirs. Studies on climatic variability and its effects on hydrosedimentological regimes of the Paraná...

The role of a cascade of reservoirs and seasonal variation in the phytoplankton structure in a tropical river

Moura,AN; Severiano,JS; Tavares,NKA; Dantas,EW
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 EN
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16.97%
This study aims to analyse the influence of a cascade of reservoirs on the density, richness and functional groups of phytoplankton in the Contas River, a tropical river of Brazil. This river has two dams along its course, forming the Pedra and Funil reservoirs. Samples were collected over three consecutive years (Dec., 2007 to Dec., 2010) at 28 sampling stations along the river. We identified 198 species and the stretches downstream from the reservoirs showed greater richness. Chlorophyceae, followed by Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae were the dominant groups and highest density was recorded during the rainy season. Overall, a longitudinal pattern in algal densities was found for both seasons, with the lowest values recorded in sections of the Pedra and Funil reservoirs and the highest densities in the downstream sections. Nine functional groups were identified (C, F, J, MP, S1, Sn, Td, Y, Ws); of these, F and J grouped the species with the highest relative abundance during the dry season, while the S1 group, represented by the cyanobacterium Planktothrix agardhii, was dominant in the rainy season. The present study showed a high longitudinal variation in the phytoplankton richness and density, attributed to the hydrological change between the lotic and lentic stretches. Furthermore...

Changes in the phytoplankton structure downstream a large reservoir: effects of tributaries on the assemblages attributes

Matsuura, Patricia; Perbiche-Neves, Gilmar; Ferreira, Rosa Antonia Romero; Nogueira, Marcos Gomes
Fonte: Walter De Gruyter Gmbh Publicador: Walter De Gruyter Gmbh
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 320-327
ENG
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 2009/00014-6; Processo FAPESP: 2009/14687-2; Changes in richness, diversity, evenness and abundance of phytoplankton in relation to environmental variables and tributary entrances were studied along 30 km of the Parana River downstream Itaipu Reservoir. A high number of taxa was found, 315. The Parana River differed from the tributaries Iguacu River and Monday River. The phytoplankton and limnological characteristics of the Parana River changed after the entrance of these tributaries. Higher values of richness and alpha diversity of phytoplankton were found in the two tributary rivers, which also produced an increase in the corresponding mean values in the Parana River. Higher values of total abundance and lower values of evenness were found at the dam site with typical lentic conditions. The assemblages of the two tributary rivers were homogeneous. Bellow dam the phytoplankton exhibited a decrease in abundance and an increase in evenness. Water transparency, water flow, nutrients and turbidity were the main indicators of the system spatial heterogeneity. Several species were correlated with silicate, redox potential and/or water temperature. Reservoir conditions promote conspicuous differences in the phytoplankton of the Parana River. The downstream reorganization of the community...

Spatial and temporal variation of the phytoplankton community in a section of the Iguaçu River, Paraná, Brazil

Menezes,VC; Bueno,NC; Rodrigues,LC
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 EN
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16.97%
The work aimed to show variations in the composition and structure of the phytoplankton community at high water and low water in Iguaçu Falls, Iguaçu River and to examine the influence of these waterfalls and environmental variables on the community. Phytoplankton samples were taken monthly during a year from two sampling stations in the Iguaçu River. A total of 408 taxa were identified, with Bacillariophyceae being the most strongly represented group. A large differentiation in the composition of the phytoplankton was observed between the sampling stations. The total richness and density of the phytoplankton groups was very low in both sample locations, as well as the Shannon diversity index, but the evenness value was generally high. No significant seasonal and spatial difference in the studied features of the phytoplankton community was seen. But, significant seasonal differences were observed when the density and richness of the algae classes were assessed separately. The heterogeneity of the Iguaçu River's characteristics between the sampling sites caused no significant spatial differentiation in the features of the phytoplankton community. However, the seasonal variation of the climatic conditions has significantly influenced the composition and structure of the community in the Iguaçu River.