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Militância de jovens em partidos políticos: um estudo de caso com universitários; Youth activism in political parties: a case study with university students.

Brenner, Ana Karina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/06/2011 PT
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Essa tese se insere no emergente campo dos estudos sobre a juventude no Brasil. Seu problema de investigação está orientado para a busca de compreensão sobre a experiência de jovens militantes de partidos políticos. Encontram-se em transformação as formas e modos de agir político; novos grupos e demandas políticas engendram maneiras alternativas de mobilização em relação ao que ocorre em espaços tradicionais de engajamento, tais como partidos, sindicatos, etc. Contudo, os partidos continuam arregimentando jovens para seus quadros. Em linhas gerais, investigou-se as experiências militantes, os caminhos percorridos até o engajamento em um partido, as práticas dos jovens nos partidos e sua relação com o tempo. Buscou-se compreender, ainda, a maneira como as experiências partidárias incidem sobre os demais aspectos da vida desses jovens. O estudo foi desenvolvido adotando a perspectiva de investigação qualitativa baseada na realização de entrevistas individuais com jovens universitários que revelaram, através de um questionário inicial, seu engajamento em partidos políticos. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 21 jovens, sendo 10 deles entrevistados em uma segunda etapa, cerca de um ano depois da realização da primeira entrevista. Os jovens estavam engajados em 5 diferentes partidos...

Media(ted) discourses and climate change : a focus on political subjectivity and (dis)engagement

Carvalho, Anabela
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
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Research has shown that the media are the main source of information and the main factor shaping people’s awareness and concern in relation to climate change and therefore have an important role in setting the public agenda. As a key forum for the production, reproduction and transformation of the meaning of public issues, the media influence understandings of risks, responsibilities, as well as of the functioning of democratic politics. This article argues that the media also matter to citizens’ perception of their (potential) political agency or their political subjectivity. Media representations construct particular ‘subject positions’ for individuals and cultivate dispositions to action or inaction. The article discusses the importance of citizens’ political engagement with climate change and points out some aspects of media(ted) discourses that may constrain the perceived possibilities of participation in the politics of climate change. While engagement with climate change has multiple dimensions and a number of barriers have been identified through empirical studies, this article offers a critique of the role of the media in political engagement with the problem and suggests avenues for future research.

Dignity through Discourse : Poverty and the Culture of Deliberation in Indian Village Democracies

Rao, Vijayendra; Sanyal, Paromita
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
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Employing a view of culture as a communicative phenomenon involving discursive engagement, which is deeply influenced by social and economic inequalities, the authors argue that the struggle to break free of poverty is as much a cultural process as it is political and economic. In this paper, they analyze important examples of discursive spaces - public meetings in Indian village democracies (gram sabhas), where villagers make important decisions about budgetary allocations for village development and the selection of beneficiaries for anti-poverty programs. They examine 290 transcripts of gram sabhas from South India to demonstrate how they create a culture of civic/political engagement among poor people, and how definitions of poverty and beneficiary-selection criteria are understood and interrogated within them. Through this examination, they highlight the process by which gram sabhas facilitate the acquisition of crucial cultural capabilities such as discursive skills and civic agency by poor and disadvantaged groups. They illustrate how the poor and socially marginalized deploy these discursive skills in a resource-scarce and socially stratified environment in making material and non-material demands in their search for dignity. The intersection of poverty...

Placing Immigrant Incorporation: Identity, Trust, and Civic Engagement in Little Havana

Gioioso, Richard N.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Immigrant incorporation in the United States has been a topic of concern and debate since the founding of the nation. Scholars have studied many aspects of the phenomenon, including economic, political, social, and spatial. The most influential paradigm of immigrant incorporation in the US has been, and continues to be, assimilation, and the most important place in and scale at which incorporation occurs is the neighborhood. This dissertation captures both of these integral aspects of immigrant incorporation through its consideration of three dimensions of assimilation – identity, trust, and civic engagement – among Latin American immigrants and American-born Latinos in Little Havana, a predominantly immigrant neighborhood in Miami, Florida. Data discussed in the dissertation were gathered through surveys and interviews as part of a National Science Foundation-funded study carried out in 2005-2006. The combination of quantitative and qualitative data allows for a nuanced understanding of how immigrant incorporation is occurring locally during the first decade of the twentieth century. Findings reveal that overall Latin American immigrants and their American-born offspring appear to be becoming American with regard to their ethnic and racial identities quickly...

Neue Orientierungen und Engagementformen von jugendlichen Arbeitnehmer/innen; New Orientations and Modes of Engagement of Adolescent Employees

Bibouche, Seddik
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
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Welche neue Tendenzen gibt es bei jungen Arbeitnehmerinnen und Arbeitnehmern in ihren Orientierungen - einschließlich der politischen - sowie bei ihr Engagement, und welche Bedeutung hat das für die Jugendarbeit? Diese sind die leitenden Forschungsfragen bei der großen Untersuchung in Industrie und Handwerk. In einem integrierten Forschungsansatz wurden 1.042 junge Arbeitnehmerinnen und Arbeitnehmer deutschlandweit per Fragebogen befragt, mit 50 Jugendlichen zusätzliche Interviews und mit fünf engagierten Jugendlichen weitere Einzelfallanalysen durchgeführt. Die Befunde wurden aufgrund von Herkunft, Schulbildung, Geschlecht und Lebenslage, aber auch nach der Engagementbereitschaft und der Einstellung gegenüber den Gewerkschaften differenziert. Als zentrales Ergebnis wurde der Wille zur Integration in die Gesellschaft ermittelt. Einsteigen und Mitmachen statt Aussteigen liegt im Trend. Die Jugendlichen nehmen in ihren Haltungen, Ansprüchen und in ihrer Lebensplanung die neuen gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen vorweg und versuchen sie zu erfüllen. Im Hintergrund steht dabei die Angst vor Desintegration und Arbeitslosigkeit. Der starke Bezug zu den gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen kommt in vielfältiger Weise zum Ausdruck, so in der hohen Bedeutung der Arbeit für die Jugendlichen. Der Beruf dominiert die Freizeit. Auch wenn in der Freizeit Spaß an erster Stelle steht...

Viral engagement : fast, cheap, and broad, but good for democracy ?

FUNG, Archon; SHKABATUR, Jennifer
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
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In 2011 and 2012, several high profile campaigns spread with unexpected speed and potency. These “viral engagements” include the mobilization that scuttled the Stop Online Piracy Act, popular protest against the Susan G. Komen Foundation’s decision to stop funding Planned Parenthood, 100 million views of the KONY 2012 video on YouTube and its subsequent criticism and defense, and on-line activism around the shooting of Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida. This paper examines three aspects of these viral campaigns as a form of political engagement. First, is there a common structure of mobilization and spread? Some have argued that these viral campaigns synthesize conventional social and political networks but amplify the messages that spread through those networks through the speed of digital communication. Second, what are the potential contributions of this fast, cheap, and thin mode of engagement to democracy? We examine the implications of viral engagement for four critical democratic values: inclusion, public deliberation, political equality, and civic education.; The lecture was delivered on 17 April 2013.

What Are We Teaching When We Teach Engagement?

Bennion, Elizabeth; Dill, Hannah
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A comprehensive analysis of recently published articles in discipline‐specific SoTL journals, "The Teacher" section of PS: Political Science & Politics, and The Journal of Political Science Education, seeking to answer the question "What do political scientists teach when they teach engagement?" The authors find that political scientists are publishing work that explicitly promotes and measures students’ civic engagement and the skills required to engage in our political system, and urge political science faculty to develop courses that teach political engagement.

When politics is not just a man's game: Women's representation and political engagement

Karp, Jeffrey; Banducci, Susan
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Although women appear to be less interested and less engaged in politics than men, some evidence suggests that the presence of women as candidates and office holders can help to stimulate political engagement among women. Using data from the Comparative S

The Effect of Gender Quotas on Women's Political Engagement: Cross-National Comparison and Case Study

Laurito, M. Agustina
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 27/04/2011 EN_US
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In this paper I look at the effect of gender quotas on women’s political engagement. In particular I ask whether the enactment of a gender quota encourages women to become more involved in politics by sending the signal that politics is not an activity reserved for men. The main source of data for the outcome variables is the World Values Survey (WVS) five wave dataset (1981-2008) that includes surveys conducted in 87 countries, the total number of respondents is 257,597. The first wave of the WVS was carried out in 1981, a second wave of the WVS took place in 1990, the third wave took place in 1995, the fourth wave took place in 1999-2000, and the last wave was carried out in 2005-2007. The final sample is reduced. I selected the countries that provided information of at least one point in the past before the enactment of the quota and one point after the enactment of the quota. The treatment group is composed of all those countries that established a quota at some point during the survey and the control group is composed of those countries that never established a gender quota. The resulting groups include 21 countries that have a quota with 88,749 respondents, and 23 countries without a quota and 76,587 respondents in this group. Countries that score a 3 on Freedom House’s Freedom in the World Index were also dropped from the dataset. Data on the independent variable existence of a gender quota was obtained from the Quota Project as well as secondary sources. Research Design In the first part of the analysis I compare differences in women’s political engagement for countries with a quota and for countries without a quota on five outcomes: discuss politics with friends...

Reframing Youth Apathy in Jordan: An Anarchist Approach to Politics in the Hashemite Kingdom

Hafferkamp, Jonathan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 18/05/2014
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The Arab Spring’s intense, mass popular protests demonstrate young people’s capacity to catalyze significant social and political change throughout the Middle East. Interestingly, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan appears to be among the few countries where these widespread political shifts barely seemed to register in terms of comparable movements. This is particularly unexpected given Jordan’s central regional location and large youth majority (almost 70% of the population is under the age of thirty). Many older Jordanians describe Jordan’s youth as apathetic and disinterested in politics. However, this is a convenient, hegemonic story that may only partially explain the absence of a Hashemite “Spring.” My thesis challenges the notion of the “apathetic young Jordanian,” through an analysis of the political engagement and opinions of the underrepresented youth in Jordan. During the fall of 2012, I performed original research and data collection in Amman, Jordan (8 interviews and 126 surveys), after which it became apparent that young Jordanians are deeply interested in politics, and not simply indifferent to elections and the “Springs” occurring around them. Using a combination of fieldwork interviews and surveys in conjunction with theoretical analysis...

O (não) engajamento em traduções da literatura afro-americana no Brasil: o caso de Filho Nativo, de Richard Wright; The (non) political engagement in translations of the African-American literature in Brazil: the case of Native Son by Richard Wright

Amorim, Lauro Maia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2015 POR
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O presente artigo discute o papel do (não) engajamento de tradutores na difusão da literatura afro-americana no Brasil, com foco nas traduções da obra Native Son (Filho Nativo), de Richard Wright, realizadas por Monteiro Lobato (1944), Jusmar Gomes (1987) e Aurora Maria Soares Neiva (1995). Busca-se refletir em que medida a literatura afro-americana poderia ser interpretada, em uma tradução, como expressão literária de resistência e engajamento, que poderia servir como um modelo de inspiração para a crítica social em relação à própria desigualdade “racial” no Brasil. Investiga-se em que medida as traduções analisadas podem se aproximar ou não de uma perspectiva politicamente engajada que se refletiria nas opções tradutórias.; This paper discusses the role of translators’ (non) engagement in disseminating African-American literature in Brazil, with focus on translations of Native Son, by Richard Wright, undertaken by Monteiro Lobato (1944), Jusmar Gomes (1987) and Aurora Maria Soares Neiva (1995). We analyze the extent to which African-American literature could be interpreted as a model of inspiration for social criticism in regard to “racial” inequalities in Brazil. The paper investigates how the analyzed translations might get closer or not to a politically engaged perspective that could be reflected on the translators’ options.


Oliveira, Wilson José Ferreira de; Universidade Federal de Pelotas
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2009 POR
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This article examines the conditions and the dynamics of the use of technical abilities in politicalactivism. Notwithstanding differences pertaining to different approaches, one of the constant themeswithin both national and international literature deals with the growing importance of educationalresources and of technical legitimacy in recruiting and selection for leadership positions withinenvironmental organizations. Based on research on the main leaders of environmental mobilizationsand organizations between 1970 and 2004, we have seen that the use of technical abilities for theexercise of leadership functions has been a result of the dynamics of an increasingly diversifiedhigher education system and of the greater articulation between educational background and politicalengagement, as leaders position themselves within a range of organizations and “social movements”over the course of their family, educational, political and professional trajectories. The methodologicalprocedures employed here consist of biographical interviews carried out with leaders of differenttypes of environmental associations meant to capture the itineraries that have led them to politicalengagement, the meanings given to professional training and the types of resources and social tiesthat support their conceptions and activist practices. Our main conclusions demonstrate that...

Women senators lead to higher levels of political engagement by women constituentsfurther

Fridkin, Kim L.; Kenney, Patrick J.
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2014 EN; EN
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In less than thirty years, women’s representation in the Senate has gone from two to twenty. In new research, Kim L. Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney look at how this shift has influenced people’s understanding of, and engagement in, politics. Using election survey data, they find that women constituents tend to know more about their senators than males and that they are also more likely to be politically active if their senator is a woman

Negative partisanship is real, measurable, and affects political behaviour

Caruana , Nicholas J.
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 EN; EN
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Many people explain their political involvement with reference to the kinds of outcomes they’d like to avoid, with Republicans and Democrats alike often framing their campaigns around ‘keeping out’ the opposite side. But what do we actually know about what Nicholas J. Caruana calls ‘negative partisanship’? He presents evidence from Canada that shows it explains a great deal about political involvement, and that there are lessons for political engagement more widely.

Book review: young people and politics: political engagement in the Anglo-American democracies

Briggs, Jacqueline
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/11/2012 EN; EN
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This book provides a comprehensive account of young people’s political engagement in the US, Britain, Canada and Australia, challenging conventional wisdom on a number of fronts by showing young people’s political engagement to be much more complicated than many of the stereotypes suggest. Jacqueline Briggs thinks the book will spur further research into the area of youth political participation, quite rightly labelling young voters as ‘volatile’ rather than ‘non-voters’.

Trust, representation and communication are key to increasing engagement between the British Muslim community and the government

Mason, Robert; Gadelrab, Sherry Sayed
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2011 EN; EN
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The ongoing situations in Afghanistan and Iraq and high profile debates on multiculturalism raise questions about British foreign policy and the support of British Muslims for the government’s overseas policy decisions. Robert Mason and Sherry Sayed Gadelrab examine opinions of the British Muslim community around political engagement and how stronger links between this community and the coalition government could be developed.

Perceptions of risk and social disorder can have a huge impact on local political engagement

Michener, Jamila
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2013 EN; EN
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The ‘broken windows’ theory has dominated policy debates over how to deal with crime and disorder for more than three decades, but few have examined how disorder influences political engagement. Using data from Chicago, Jamila Michener finds that people’s perceptions of disorder are a powerful influence on their likelihood to engage politically, such as speaking to a politician or attending a community meeting. She argues that the way people interpret the ‘broken windows’ of their neighborhoods can be a critical determinant of how grassroots politics develop.

Responses to the new right: the engagement of the British left with the work of Friedrich Hayek, 1989-1997

Griffiths, Simon
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2006 EN
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This is an examination of the context, content and significance of the surprising engagement of the British left with the arguments of Friedrich Hayek (1899-1992), one of the most influential theorists of the new right and an important influence on leading figures in the Conservative Government elected in the UK in 1979. The thesis examines in detail the engagement by four thinkers on the British left with Hayek's work: David Miller, Raymond Plant, Andrew Gamble and Hilary Wainwright. Its chronological parameters are the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the election of ‘New Labour’ in the UK in 1997. Important contextual factors behind this engagement include the rise and fall of the British Conservative Party, the difficulties of statist forms of socialism and Hayek's own death. The engagement with Hayek's work provides a case study that demonstrates changes in political themes, in particular, the decline of statist forms of socialism with the left's embrace of the market and individual freedom, the decline in support for the paternalistic state and the search for more ‘feasible’ alternatives. I argue that the British left's engagement with Hayek is part of a wider intellectual break that constitutes the end of a ‘short twentieth century’ in political thought...

Cross-movement coalitions and political agency: the popular sector and the Pro-Canada/ Action Canada network

Bleyer, Peter
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 EN
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Through a historical account of the Pro-Canada/Action Canada Network (PCN/ACN), this dissertation examines coalition formation among social movements. It argues that the complex process of cross-sectoral coalition formation and thus the potential for convergence of social movements can best be understood by combining elements of different analytical frameworks. This dissertation draws on elements of the two dominant paradigms for the study of social movements, resource mobilization theory and new social movement theory. Specifically, it utilizes the formers' attention to the specifics of organization and structure and the latter's focus on the discursive formation of identities. Both are then combined with the uniquely Canadian but theoretically underdeveloped concept of the popular sector and a neo-gramscian perspective on social formation and mobilization that draws on political economy and class-analytical traditions. With its formation in 1988 around opposition to the Canada - U.S. Free Trade Agreement, the PCN/ACN was an early example of a broader trend for trade and investment to become key arenas for social and political contention at the turn of the century. This dissertation challenges the assumptions of most analytical frameworks concerning the limits to coalition formation and argues that the nature of the unifying issue is an important determinant of the potential for the growth and deepening of social alliances. After reviewing the historical conjuncture in which the PCN/ACN emerged...

The decreasing political rewards of education in Brazil

Fonte: Brazilian Political Science Review (Online) Publicador: Brazilian Political Science Review (Online)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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The conventional perspective in Political Science expects a strong association between education and political behaviour favourable for democratic coexistence. This approach also infers that increases in a nation's educational attainment levels will be accompanied by sustained gains in attitudes such as political engagement and democratic support. These hypotheses have been reviewed and tested for Brazil, with analyses of surveys conducted between 1989 and 2006. The evidence confirms the conventional perspective when a single point in time is observed and dimensions of associativism are excepted. However, longitudinal analysis between the two extremities of the period revealed decreasing rewards for schooling added up by different levels of education - particularly the upper secondary - in several dimensions of participation and support for democratic principles.