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Falhas de mercado e redes em políticas públicas: desafios e possibilidades ao Sistema Único de Saúde; Market and public policy network failures: challenges and possibilities for the Brazilian Unified Health System

Pinheiro Filho, Francisco Percival; Sarti, Flávia Mori
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva; Rio de Janeiro Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva; Rio de Janeiro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Os princípios e as diretrizes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) impõem uma estrutura de assistência baseada em redes de políticas públicas que, combinada ao modelo de financiamento adotado, conduz a falhas de mercado. Isso impõe barreiras à gestão do sistema público de saúde e à concretização dos objetivos do SUS. As características institucionais e a heterogeneidade dos atores, aliadas à existência de diferentes redes de atenção à saúde, geram complexidade analítica no estudo da dinâmica global da rede do SUS. Há limitações ao emprego de métodos quantitativos baseados em análise estática com dados retrospectivos do sistema público de saúde. Assim, propõe-se a abordagem do SUS como sistema complexo, a partir da utilização de metodologia quantitativa inovadora baseada em simulação computacional. O presente artigo buscou analisar desafios e potencialidades na utilização de modelagem com autômatos celulares combinada com modelagem baseada em agentes para simulação da evolução da rede de serviços do SUS. Tal abordagem deve permitir melhor compreensão da organização, heterogeneidade e dinâmica estrutural da rede de serviços do SUS e possibilitar minimização dos efeitos das falhas de mercado no sistema de saúde brasileiro.; The principles and guidelines of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) impose a healthcare service structure based on public policy networks which...

Processo decisório em política externa no Brasil; The decision-making process in Brazilian foreign policy

Figueira, Ariane Cristine Roder
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
O objetivo dessa tese de doutoramento é compreender o padrão e a dinâmica decisória em política externa no Brasil. Para isso, o estudo concentrar-se-á 1) na compreensão da relação entre os poderes Executivo e Legislativo em matérias internacionais; 2) no entendimento da dinâmica interna do próprio Poder Executivo, analisando a atuação do Presidente da República e seu papel na tomada de decisão na área de relações exteriores e política internacional do país; 3) na análise do Ministério das Relações Exteriores em sua estrutura organizacional e decisória bem como no seu relacionamento com as demais agências burocráticas. O marco temporal estabelecido pela pesquisa é de 1988 a 2007, vinte anos após o estabelecimento do novo marco constitucional do país, que versa sobre a estrutura e funcionamento do Estado no período pós- redemocratização.; This doctoral dissertation attempts to understand pattern and dynamics in foreign policy decision-making processes in Brazil. We concentrate our attention on: 1) understanding the interactive dynamics between the Executive and the Legislature branches of the Brazilian Government regarding international issues; 2) understanding the inner dynamics of the Executive by analyzing the organizational and decision-making structures of the Ministry of Foreign Relations...

Política nacional de educação infantil : a participação de atores não estatais na elaboração da política pública; Nacional policy of early childhood education

Isabel Cristina de Andrade Lima e Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Analisamos nesta tese a participação de atores não estatais no processo de elaboração da Política Nacional de Educação Infantil (PNEI), tomando como referencial teórico-metodológico a abordagem de redes de políticas públicas. Problematizamos o papel do Estado em agir como o principal agente na elaboração de políticas públicas e intermediação de diferentes interesses para o enfrentamento dos problemas da educação infantil. A questão síntese envolveu saber qual o papel dos atores não estatais na elaboração da PNEI. Buscamos suporte na análise de documentos e em entrevistas semi-estruturadas e concentramos o foco na atuação de cinco atores não estatais envolvidos no processo de elaboração da PNEI (2003-2005): CNTE, CONTEE, ANPEd, MIEIB e UNESCO. Constatamos que o processo de elaboração da Política Nacional de Educação Infantil envolveu a participação de atores estatais e não estatais articulados em torno de uma rede a qual denominamos de rede de políticas públicas de educação infantil. Identificamos que essa rede foi instituída pelo Estado, como uma política de governo, caracterizando-se como um modelo de governança. As análises permitiram confirmar a hipótese de que no processo de elaboração de políticas públicas de educação infantil por meio de rede de políticas públicas os atores não estatais cooperaram entre si e estabeleceram interdependências. Ao identificar que esses atores influenciaram tanto na forma como ocorreu o processo quanto no conteúdo da política elaborada...

Media policy network in Portugal : a case study approach

Sousa, Helena; Marinho, Sandra
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /07/2002 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Comunicação apresentada na Secção de Economia Política da 23.ª Conferência da International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR), Barcelona, 21-26 Julho 2002.; In the media policy arena, there are multiple (often conflicting) perspectives and political outcome reflects different pressures and opinions. Contending groups develop strategies and bargain to see their interests served. Notwithstanding the diversity and complexity of the policy-making literature, we will try to assess the utility of the policy network concept in an attempt to shed some light into the conception/implementation of media policy in Portugal. Whist analysing the eventual relevance of the policy network approach, we will consider two distinct political periods: the social democrats majority rule, from 1987 to 1995, and the socialist mandates, from 1995 to 2002.

Characterization of a peptide biomaterial used for cell-seeded scaffolds with an analysis of relevant stem cell policy

Kim, Gina
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 7007829 bytes; 142 p.; 7015540 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
(cont.) We describe the ethical debate and political climate that led to the decision. An examination of the publication data shows that researchers in the United States have in fact remained leaders in the field until this point, in part because U.S. federal funding has also been available to early mover international groups who appear to have abided by the restrictions.; Restoring damaged or diseased tissue in the body may involve the use of biomaterial scaffolds that provide a responsive environment for cell proliferation. Such scaffolds may be used for in situ cell regeneration, where an implanted scaffold incites cell growth in the body, as well as for growing artificial tissue in vitro by seeding cells in a scaffold that will be implanted at a later stage of development or used for physiological tissue models. The research outlined in this thesis describes two methods of characterizing the stiffness of a biomaterial scaffold. It is well known that cell growth in vitro is affected by the moduli of the surrounding scaffold. Stiffness is also cited as a major factor affecting angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels. We describe a new rheometric method to examine the bulk mechanical properties of a self-assembling peptide biomaterial that spontaneously forms a filament network in a physiological salt solution and supports cell attachment and differentiation. This method has two major advantages: first...

Análise de política de desenvolvimento regional de Pernambuco Método Policy Analysis : o caso do Complexo Industrial e Portuário de Suape

Belarmino da Silva Júnior, Hercílio; de Almeida Medeiros, Marcelo (Orientador)
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Tipo: Outros
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
A pesquisa aborda, à luz do método Policy Analysis, a política de desenvolvimento regional do Estado de Pernambuco baseada no Complexo Industrial e Portuário de Suape, instalado no município de Ipojuca, litoral sul do Estado. Para tanto, o período compreendido entre 1973 e 2006, foi de interesse primordial para a investigação, não somente para avaliar as dimensões das principais contribuições da inter-relação entre as instituições políticas, como também o processo político estabelecido e os conteúdos das estratégias escolhidas. A análise dessa política pública (polity) se restringiu ao conhecimento dos arranjos institucionais, dos basilares planos, programas e projetos desenvolvidos (politics) e implementados pelas políticas setoriais estaduais, como também do resultado material concreto (policy). O pressuposto do trabalho parte da idéia de que o exercício de poder pelos atores políticos determinou de forma decisiva os rumos da política do Complexo de Suape do que quaisquer arranjos institucionais. Por isso, foram descritos os 33 anos de contribuições de sete governadores e noves administrações, assim como, as interações e programas do governo Estadual e Federal na estruturação e formação do Complexo Industrial e Portuário de Suape e a rede de atores (Policy Network) que se formou em torno dessa política específica. Para a consolidação do método Policy Analysis...

Understanding China’s Climate Change Mitigation Policy Development: Structures, Processes and Outcomes

Liu, Liguang
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
Climate change is one of the most important and urgent issues of our time. Since 2006, China has overtaken the United States as the world’s largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter. China’s role in an international climate change solution has gained increased attention. Although much literature has addressed the functioning, performance, and implications of existing climate change mitigation policies and actions in China, there is insufficient literature that illuminates how the national climate change mitigation policies have been formulated and shaped. This research utilizes the policy network approach to explore China’s climate change mitigation policy making by examining how a variety of government, business, and civil society actors have formed networks to address environmental contexts and influence the policy outcomes and changes. The study is qualitative in nature. Three cases are selected to illustrate structural and interactive features of the specific policy network settings in shaping different policy arrangements and influencing the outcomes in the Chinese context. The three cases include the regulatory evolution of China’s climate change policy making; the country’s involvement in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) activity...

Corruption, political competition and environmental policy

Wilson, John; Damania, Richard
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 200840 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
There is a vast literature on the causes and consequences of corruption. A common theme is the belief that countries which exhibit a low level of political competition are more likely to have higher levels of corruption. The model presented here examines the effect of corruption on environmental policy under varying degrees of political competition. An important feature of this model, which has received far less attention in the literature, is that corruption may occur at different levels. A polluting firm attempts to reduce the amount of an environmental tax it pays by bribing a low level bureaucrat to make no reports regarding emission levels. In addition, it also makes contributions to the incumbent and rival parties of government in order to influence key policy parameters. The model thus provides a picture of the relationship between political competition, environmental outcomes and the type of corruption which may be observed. It is shown that higher levels of political competition result in more stringent regulations and better environmental outcomes. Political competition also has the capacity to reduce both grand and petty corruption, however, this is not assured. The model also suggests that polluting interests may have an incentive to corrupt opposition parties in order to weaken their political position. This may lead to policy convergence even when political competition is strong. Political competition is indicated as a necessary but not sufficient means by which to combat corruption.; no

The next step for climate change policy after COP5

McKibbin, Warwick J; Wilcoxen, Peter J
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 30100 bytes; 352 bytes; text/html; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Introduction: The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was negotiated in Kyoto in December 1997, is yet to be ratified. There are still many unresolved problems with implementing this convention--not least is the problem that the Kyoto Protocol is fundamentally unsustainable.1 Little progress in implementation of the Kyoto Protocol was achieved at previous meetings in Buenos Aires and Bonn. The next major negotiations will be held in The Hague in November 2000, although there will be intense activity leading up to this meeting, which will be the last serious chance for countries to implement the Kyoto Protocol. Rhetoric will not achieve the tight targets of the Kyoto Protocol and at some stage either actual policies must be implemented or the Kyoto Protocol must be jettisoned. The irony of the current state of climate change policy is that the Kyoto Protocol is actually raising greenhouse emissions because some corporations are postponing taking low-cost actions until it is clear what actions will be given credit in future abatement systems. Before taking the next step, it is worth reflecting on what a sustainable and realistic climate change policy should look like. First, the policy should slow down carbon dioxide emissions where it is cost-effective to do so...

The European Competition Network: Structure, Management and Initial Experiences of Policy Enforcement

CENGIZ, Firat
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
The European Competition Network came into life in 2004 as an atypical network with a relatively hierarchical and highly regulated structure. As a result, predictions regarding the future functioning of this network were largely sceptical at the time of its inception. Now the network is about to complete its fifth year in operation and the European Commission is due to present a report to the European Parliament and the Council regarding experiences of policy enforcement by this network. Therefore, it is particularly timely to have a retrospective look at the European Competition Network and assess its achievements and failures. This paper reviews the structure and management methods of the European Competition Network in the light of the policy network literature and comments on initial experiences with its operation. The paper argues that in general the sceptical predictions regarding the operation of the network have not been realised. The network has been successful particularly in terms of accelerating communication between the competition authorities of Europe and increasing their contribution to the design of European competition policy. However, the paper also reveals certain weaknesses of the operation of this network. Particularly the inefficiencies of investigations by the national competition authorities...

Endogenous Network Dynamics

Wooders, Myrna H.; Page, Frank H. Jr.
Fonte: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research Publicador: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
Modeling club structures as bipartite directed networks, we formulate the problem of club formation as a noncooperative game of network formation and identify conditions on network formation rules and players' network payoffs sufficient to guarantee that the game has a potential function. Our sufficient conditions on network formation rules require that each player be choose freely and unilaterally those clubs he joins and also his activities within these clubs (subject to his set of feasible actions). We refer to our conditions on rules as noncooperative free mobility. We also require that players' payoffs be additively separable in player-specific payoffs and externalities (additive separability) and that payoff externalities - a function of club membership, club activities, and crowding - be identical across players (externality homogeneity). We then show that under these conditions, the noncooperative game of club network formation is a potential game over directed club networks and we discuss the implications of this result.

Transforming think tanks into ‘policy hubs’: The creation of research−policy networks

Vas, Christopher
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
The development of public policy has been dogged for many decades by two main issues: the use of evidence and knowledge generated through research, and the engagement of external policy actors or non-state actors in the policy process. The collaborative role of universities and think tanks has seldom been considered in this context. This research thus poses the following three research questions: i) Does a policy network currently exist between government policy makers and university researchers? ii) Is there value in having an institutional structure that mediates and brings together government policy makers and university researchers by operating at the interface of research and policy? iii) What role can a think tank play within this context? How may this vary from the traditional role of a think tank? In order to address these questions, this research systematically investigates the role of university research centres, and think tanks as mediators in policy interactions with the Australian government. Using an interdisciplinary perspective, this research also explores these issues using the heuristics of policy networks and governance. The Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC) at the University of New South Wales, a university research centre...

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Financing and Policy Network : Options Study and Proceedings of the International Forum

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
This report documents the proceedings of a scoping study conducted by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the World Bank on the needs and options for a Financing and Policy Network for Scaling-Up Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries. At the Bonn International Conference on Renewable Energies in June 2004, global leaders from governments, industry, financial institutions, non-governmental organizations, and multilateral organizations paved the way for a new energy future that will transform the energy structures of today and increase the global use of renewable energy. To build upon the success of the Bonn Conference, the idea of a "global policy network" was proposed - the Renewable Energy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), The network would bring together a range of stakeholders to address the scaling-up of renewable energy and energy efficiency by focusing on such key issues as policies, capacity building, technology transfer, research and development...

A coordenação na implementação interorganizacional de políticas : elementos para um referencial analítico; The coordination in the interorganizational policy implementation : principles for an analytical referential

Juliana Pires de Arruda Leite
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Grande parte das políticas, explicita ou implicitamente, envolve a responsabilidade compartilhada entre diferentes organizações; sejam secretarias, esferas governamentais, ministérios ou organizações privadas. Isto faz de sua implementação um processo fragmentado e evidencia a necessidade de coordenação na prática cotidiana dos programas. A relevância da coordenação ganhou ainda mais destaque nas últimas três décadas, com as transformações ocorridas em grande parte do mundo acerca do papel do Estado enquanto gestor de políticas. O Estado deixou de ser o único ator envolvido na gestão das políticas e novos atores entraram em cena, resultando numa trama social muito mais densa, com heterogeneidade nas características e orientações das organizações representativas. No entanto, apesar de a literatura reconhecer o problema de coordenação, ainda não se consolidou uma teoria que consiga explicar e prescrever efetivamente a forma adequada para a coordenação dos programas. Neste sentido, o presente estudo busca aprofundar a compreensão da coordenação na implementação interorganizacional de políticas, evidenciando os elementos que a envolvem e buscando estruturá-los num quadro analítico geral. Os fundamentos teóricos que embasam o trabalho provêm das teorias institucionalista e das organizações...

Religion and healthcare in the European Union : policy issues and trends

Petrova, Dimitrina; Clifford, Jarlath
Fonte: London : Alliance Publishing Trust, [Brussels] : NEF Initiative on Religion and Democracy in Europe. 2009. Publicador: London : Alliance Publishing Trust, [Brussels] : NEF Initiative on Religion and Democracy in Europe. 2009.
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
92 p. ; 24 cm.; Libro Electrónico; The impact of religious doctrine on the law, policy and practice of healthcare is becoming increasingly significant for a whole range of issues – from euthanasia to fertility treatment; from belief-based exemption from performing abortion for doctors to the medication and dietary needs of religious patients; from organ donation to contraception; from circumcision to suicide. The relationship between religion and healthcare has a long history of evoking tension and debate in Europe. While developments in medical technologies and techniques question the religious beliefs of policy-makers, practitioners and patients across the European Union, research into the legal and policy responses by EU member states on such issues remains underdeveloped. The challenge of health policy, which is common across the European Union, is to balance fundamental human rights such as the right to equality, the right to health and the right to freedom of religion while adhering to secular principles. This report aims to map out the major issues at stake and to initiate a broader discussion on how the religious needs of the community, religious doctrine and religious practices across the European Union affect public health policy.; Preface: The ‘Religion and Democracy in Europe’ initiative 7 About the authors 8 Introduction 9 Background 9 Purpose and conceptual framework 10 Terms...

Value network modeling : a quantitative method for comparing benefit across exploration architectures

Cameron, Bruce G. (Bruce Gregory)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 170 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
In the design of complex systems serving a broad group of stakeholders, it can be difficult to prioritize objectives for the architecture. I postulate that it is possible to make architectural decisions based on consideration of stakeholder value delivery, in order to help prioritize objectives. I introduce the concept of value network models to map out the indirect benefit delivered to stakeholders. A numerical methodology for prioritizing paths through this network model is presented, with a view to discovering the most important organizational outputs. I show how value network models can be linked to architecture models to provide decision support to the architect. I present a case study to examine the connectivity and sensitivity of a test architecture to value delivery. I conclude that a limited subset of NASA's outputs will discriminate between architectures. In this manner, I show how value considerations can be used to structure the design space before critical technical decisions are made to narrow it. A number of organizational implications for value delivery are generated from this analysis. In particular, I show that benefit flows should be aligned to organizational processes and responsibilities, and that failure to map stakeholder input to architecture evaluation can weaken benefit.; by Bruce G. Cameron.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Rapid Policy Network Mapping: A New Method for Understanding Governance Structures for Implementation of Marine Environmental Policy

Bainbridge, John Michael; Potts, Tavis; O'Higgins, Tim Gerard
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
Understanding the relationships and dependencies in the development and implementation of environmental policy is essential to the effective management of the marine environment. A new method of policy network analysis called ‘Rapid Policy Network Mapping’ was developed that delivers an insight for both technical and non-technical users into the lifecycle, relationships and dependencies of policy development. The method was applied to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the Water Framework Directive in the UK. These case studies highlight the environmental policy challenges to protect the UK's marine coastal environment and they identify differences in the styles of policy implementation between the devolved authorities of the UK. Rapid Policy Network Mapping provides an opportunity to create a collaborative policy data environment with a relatively small investment. As a tool for civil society it should assist in their ability to understand and influence policy making and implementation.

Impact of europeanization in policy network governance pattrons

Rodrigues, Miguel
Fonte: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas Publicador: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Comunicação apresentada na 30th Sunbelt Social Networks Conference, em Riva del Garda, Itália, a 3 de Julho de 2010.; This paper draws on the conclusions of an international research project on EU Enlargement and Multi-level Governance in European Regional and Environment Policies. The project’s main goal was twofold: first, to evaluate the impact of Europeanization of public policy on the governance structures of three traditionally unitary countries (Ireland, Portugal and Greece), and their response, in terms of learning and adaptation, to the European environment in the regional and environmental policies; and second, to identify the appropriate reforms that new member states (Poland and Hungary) should undertake, in order to facilitate the adaptation and adjustment of their public policy structures to the European environment. Focus is given to institutional formal and informal networks that sustain the policy-making process and its relation to EU policy, which were analyzed with SNA methods, namely, density, centrality and structural equivalence measures. This methodology allowed the research to identify points of resistance to change and to assess the level of expertise involved in the policy-making process and subsequently of the presence of relevant forms of governance. More centralized networks (Ireland and Poland; Portugal in regional policy; Hungary in environmental policy) were associated with the concentration of power in state actors; More dense networks (Ireland...

Policy Network Approach to Coordinated Disaster Response

Kim, Kwang Deok; Hossain, Liaquat
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/12/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
In this paper, we explore the formation of network relationships among disaster relief agencies during the process of responding to an unexpected event. The relationship is investigated through variables derived from the policy network theory, and four cases from three developed countries such as (i) Hurricane Katrina in the US; (ii) Typhoon Maemi in South Korea; (iii) Kobe; and, (iv) Tohoku Earthquake in Japan that failed to cope with extreme events forms the basis for case study presented here. We argue that structural characteristics of multi-jurisdictional coordination may facilitate or impede in responding to a complex nature of recent disaster. We further highlight the promise of policy network approach in facilitating the development of multi-jurisdictional coordination process which may provide new avenue to improve the communication and coordination of hierarchical command control driven organizations with the local community. Our proposed novel approach in investigating the usefulness of network approach through media content analysis for emergency may provide opportunity as a countermeasure to a traditional hierarchical coordination, which may give further insights in establishing a more effective network for emergency.; Comment: 8 pages...

Explaining Governance Outcomes: Epistemology, Network Governance and Policy Network Analysis

Daugbjerg, Carsten; Fawcett, Paul
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
This article focuses on two sets of literature that have developed out of a shared concern with networks: the network governance school, which has been engaged in a set of macro-level questions about the extent to which networks are changing the nature of state-society relations; and the policy network analysis school, which has focused on the relationship between processes of interest intermediation and their impact on policy-making outcomes. We examine how each school is underpinned by important epistemological differences between positivist, interpretivist and critical realist approaches. We argue that these differences complicate and make contestable what would otherwise seem to be an intuitively attractive argument in favour of combining these two schools. In seeking to understand better how these two schools might be combined, we adopt a critical realist approach and make a distinction between vertical coordination on the state-society axis and horizontal coordination on the interest integration axis. This produces a typology of governance arrangements, which are evaluated according to the level of input and output legitimacy that they are likely to generate, two criteria that are taken as overarching measures of how governance outcomes vary between different governance arrangements. This provides the basis for a broader discussion of how these outcomes are conditioned by both a network's structural characteristics and the way in which it is managed.