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FAM5C Contributes to Aggressive Periodontitis

CARVALHO, Flavia M.; TINOCO, Eduardo M. B.; DEELEY, Kathleen; DUARTE, Poliana M.; FAVERI, Marcelo; MARQUES, Marcelo R.; MENDONCA, Adriana C.; WANG, Xiaojing; CUENCO, Karen; MENEZES, Renato; GARLET, Gustavo P.; VIEIRA, Alexandre R.
Fonte: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE Publicador: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Aggressive periodontitis is characterized by a rapid and severe periodontal destruction in young systemically healthy subjects. A greater prevalence is reported in Africans and African descendent groups than in Caucasians and Hispanics. We first fine mapped the interval 1q24.2 to 1q31.3 suggested as containing an aggressive periodontitis locus. Three hundred and eighty-nine subjects from 55 pedigrees were studied. Saliva samples were collected from all subjects, and DNA was extracted. Twenty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms were selected and analyzed by standard polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry. Non-parametric linkage and transmission distortion analyses were performed. Although linkage results were negative, statistically significant association between two markers, rs1935881 and rs1342913, in the FAM5C gene and aggressive periodontitis (p = 0.03) was found. Haplotype analysis showed an association between aggressive periodontitis and the haplotype A-G (rs1935881-rs1342913; p = 0.009). Sequence analysis of FAM5C coding regions did not disclose any mutations, but two variants in conserved intronic regions of FAM5C, rs57694932 and rs10494634, were found. However, these two variants are not associated with aggressive periodontitis. Secondly...

Association of haplotypes in the IL8 gene with susceptibility to chronic periodontitis in a Brazilian population

KIM, Yeon Jung; VIANA, Aline Cavalcante; CURTIS, Karen Maria C.; ORRICO, Silvana Regina Perez; CIRELLI, Joni Augusto; MENDES-JUNIOR, Celso Teixeira; SCAREL-CAMINAGA, Raquel Mantuaneli
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Background: Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemokine related to the initiation and amplification of acute and chronic inflammatory processes. Polymorphisms in the IL8 gene have been associated with inflammatory diseases. We investigated whether the - 845(T/C) and - 738(T/A) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL8 gene, as well as the haplotypes they form together with the previously investigated -353(A/T), are associated with susceptibility to chronic periodontitis. Methods: DNA was extracted from buccal epithelial cells of 400 Brazilian individuals (control n =182, periodontitis n=218). SNPs were genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Disease associations were analyzed by the chi(2) test, Exact Fisher test and Clump program. Haplotypes were reconstructed using the expectation-maximization algorithm and differences in haplotype distribution between the groups were analyzed to estimate genetic susceptibility for chronic periodontitis development. Results: When analyzed individually, no SNPs showed different distributions between the control and chronic periodontitis groups. Although, nonsmokers carrying the TTA/CAT (OR = 2.35, 95% CI = 1.03-5.36) and TAT/CTA (OR= 6.05...

Release of cytokines by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells in chronic periodontitis

GONCALVES, Thais Oliveira; COSTA, Dirceu; BRODSKYN, Claudia Ida; DUARTE, Poliana Mendes; CESAR NETO, Joao Batista; NOGUEIRA-FILHO, Getulio
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Objective: The emergence of periodontal medicine increased interest in defining the behaviour of peripheral blood cells in periodontitis subjects in comparison with healthy group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of interleukin (IL)-8, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-6 and IL-10 released by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from the peripheral blood of chronic periodontitis subjects. Design: PBMC samples were isolated from 19 systemically healthy donors, divided into generalized chronic periodontitis (n = 10) and healthy (n = 9) subjects. Cells were incubated for 24-48 h in 500 mu L wells containing RPM! 1640 and stimulated with 1.0 ng/mL of E. coli LPS. Supernatants were used to quantify the amounts of IL-8, TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-10 released using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: PBMC cells from periodontitis subjects released higher levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 than those from healthy subjects (P < 0.05). Conversely, the supernatants of the stimulated PBMC cells obtained from healthy subjects presented higher amounts of IL-8 than those from periodontitis (P < 0.05). No differences were observed in the levels of IL-10 (P > 0.05) between groups. Conclusion: In conclusion...

Local and cardiorenal effects of periodontitis in nitric oxide-deficient hypertensive rats

HERRERA, Bruno S.; MARTINS-PORTO, Rodrigo; CAMPI, Paula; HOLZHAUSEN, Marinella; TEIXEIRA, Simone A.; MENDES, Gustavo D.; COSTA, Soraia K. P.; GYURKO, Robert; DYKE, Thomas E. Van; SPOLIDORIO, Luis C.; MUSCARA, Marcelo N.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Objective: In this study we have assessed the renal and cardiac consequences of ligature-induced periodontitis in both normotensive and nitric oxide (NO)-deficient (L-NAME-treated) hypertensive rats. Materials and methods: Oral L-NAME (or water) treatment was started two weeks prior to induction of periodontitis. Rats were sacrificed 3, 7 or 14 days after ligature placement, and alveolar bone loss was evaluated radiographically. Thiobarbituric reactive species (TBARS; a lipid peroxidation index), protein nitrotyrosine (NT; a marker of protein nitration) and myeloperoxidase activity (MPO; a neutrophil marker) were determined in the heart and kidney. Results: In NO-deficient hypertensive rats, periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss was significantly diminished. In addition, periodontitis-induced cardiac NT elevation was completely prevented by L-NAME treatment. On the other hand L-NAME treatment enhanced MPO production in both heart and kidneys of rats with periodontitis. No changes due to periodontitis were observed in cardiac or renal TBARS content. Conclusions: In addition to mediating alveolar bone loss, NO contributes to systemic effects of periodontitis in the heart and kidney. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)[2002/00300-0]; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)[475549/2004-0]; U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH); National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...

Occurrence of herpes simplex virus 1 and three periodontal bacteria in patients with chronic periodontitis and necrotic pulp

NISHIYAMA, Sheila Alexandra Belini; NAKANO, Viviane; VELASQUEZ-MELENDEZ, Gustavo; AVILA-CAMPOS, Mario Julio
Fonte: NATL RESEARCH COUNCIL CANADA-N R C RESEARCH PRESS Publicador: NATL RESEARCH COUNCIL CANADA-N R C RESEARCH PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Viral and bacterial associations appear to be implicated in the development of periodontal infections. Little information is available describing the periodontopathic agents in root canals with necrotic pulp. In this study, the occurrence and the combinations among herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and Dialister pneumosintes, Tannerella forsythia.. and Treponema denticola in patients with chronic periodontitis and necrotic pulp were evaluated. Clinical samples from healthy subjects and patients with periodontal or pulp infections were analyzed using a nested polymerase chain reaction PCR to detect HSV and PCR to detect the 3 periodontal bacteria. The presence of Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola was observed in healthy, periodontitis, and necrotic pulp patients. HSV was observed in periodontitis and necrotic pulp patients, and no healthy subject harbored D. pneumosintes or HSV. The occurrence of Tannerella forsythia was not statistically significant in patients with necrotic pulp (P = 0.704). Periodontal bacteria were observed varying from 10.3% to 20.7% in periodontitis and necrotic pulp patients. The presence of Treponema denticola - HSV association was predominant in patients showing necrotic pulp (24.1%); however, HSV alone was observed in one patient with periodontitis and in another patient with necrotic pulp. The presence of double association among bacteria or bacteria - HSV could indicate a role in both periodontitis and necrotic pulp...

Immune response to cytolethal distending toxin of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in periodontitis patients

ANDO, E. S.; DE-GENNARO, L. A.; FAVERI, M.; FERES, M.; DIRIENZO, J. M.; MAYER, M. P. A.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Background and Objective: Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) is a genotoxin produced by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. In spite of its association with pathogenesis, little is known about the humoral immune response against the CDT. This study aimed to test whether subgingival colonization and humoral response to A. actinomycetemcomitans would lead to a response against CDT. Material and Methods: Sera from periodontally healthy, localized and generalized aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis subjects (n = 80) were assessed for immunoglobulin G titers to A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes a/b/c and to each CDT subunit (CdtA, CdtB and CdtC) by ELISA. A. actinomycetemcomitans subgingival levels and neutralization of CDT activity were also analyzed. Results: Sera from 75.0% localized and 81.8% generalized aggressive periodontitis patients reacted to A. actinomycetemcomitans. A response to serotype b was detected in localized (66.7%) and generalized aggressive periodontitis (54.5%). Reactivity to A. actinomycetemcomitans correlated with subgingival colonization (R = 0.75, p < 0.05). There was no correlation between A. actinomycetemcomitans colonization or response to serotypes and the immunoglobulin G response to CDT subunits. Titers of immunoglobulin G to CdtA and CdtB did not differ among groups; however...

Levels of Selenomonas species in generalized aggressive periodontitis

Goncalves, L. F. H.; Fermiano, D.; Feres, M.; Figueiredo, L. C.; Teles, F. R. P.; Mayer, M. P. A.; Faveri, M.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Goncalves LFH, Fermiano D, Feres M, Figueiredo LC, Teles FRP, Mayer MPA, Faveri M. Levels of Selenomonas species in generalized aggressive periodontitis. J Periodont Res 2012; 47: 711718. (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective: To compare the levels of Selenomonas sputigena and uncultivated/unrecognized Selenomonas species in subgingival biofilms from periodontally healthy subjects and from subjects with generalized aggressive periodontitis. Material and Methods: Fifteen periodontally healthy subjects and 15 subjects with generalized aggressive periodontitis were recruited and their clinical periodontal parameters were evaluated. Nine subgingival plaque samples were collected from each subject and all were individually analyzed for the levels of 10 bacterial taxa, including cultured and uncultivated/unrecognized microorganisms, using the RNA-oligonucleotide quantification technique. Between-group differences in the levels of the test taxa were determined using the MannWhitney U-test. Results: Subjects with generalized aggressive periodontitis showed significantly higher mean counts of Porphyromonas gingivalis, S. sputigena and the Mitsuokella sp. Human Oral Taxon (HOT) 131 (previously described as Selenomonas sp. oral clone CS002)...

Métodos de avaliação e mecanismos envolvidos no reparo apical e periapical após tratamento endodôntico em dentes com lesão induzida experimentalmente; Methods of evaluation and mechanisms involved in apical and periapical repair following root canal treatment in teeth with experimentally-induced apical periodontitis

Silva, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Considerando-se a localização intra-óssea das lesões periapicais, o diagnostico clinico e dificultado e a avaliação radiográfica não fornece informações suficientes para o diagnostico de um periodonto apical sadio pós-tratamento. Dessa maneira, o objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os achados radiográficos e por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico com a avaliação microscópica após tratamento de canais radiculares em dentes de cães e avaliar a participação das metaloproteinases da matriz (MMPs) na lesão periapical e nos tecidos em processo de reparação, assim como em cistos e granulomas periapicais obtidos de humanos. A seguir, os mecanismos envolvidos na cementogênese apical foram investigados utilizando células do ligamento periodontal de humanos. Foram induzidas lesões periapicais em dentes de cães e o tratamento endodôntico foi realizado em sessão única ou apos utilização de um curativo de demora a base de hidróxido de cálcio [Ca(OH)2]. Avaliações radiográficas e tomográficas foram realizadas previamente, após a indução das lesões periapicais e 180 dias apos o tratamento endodôntico. Os tecidos periapicais foram avaliados por meio de microscopia de luz, imunofluorescência, imunoistoquímica e RT-PCR em tempo real. In vitro...

Hypertension favors the inflammatory process in rats with experimentally induced periodontitis

Bonato, C. F.; Amaral, C. C. F. do; Belini, L.; Salzedas, Leda Maria Pescinini; Oliveira, S. H. P.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 783-792
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 06/59794-2; Processo FAPESP: 06/58993-1; Bonato CF, do-Amaral CCF, Belini L, Salzedas LMP, Oliveira SHP. Hypertension favors the inflammatory process in rats with experimentally induced periodontitis. J Periodont Res 2012; 47: 783792. (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective: Cardiovascular diseases are significantly correlated with chronic periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone-loss level, neutrophil migration, CXCL2/CINC-2a, CXCL5/LIX, CCL20/MIP-3a and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) production, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and C-reactive protein (CRP) release in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive (WTK) rats after experimental induction of periodontal disease. Material and Methods: Periodontitis was induced by placement of silk yarn ligatures around the first molar counterparts. The levels of CRP, CCL20/MIP-3a and CXCL5/LIX were evaluated in the peripheral blood, and bone-loss level, neutrophil recruitment, the production of myeloperoxidase, CXCL2, CXCL5, CCL20 and TNF-a, and the expression of iNOS were evaluated in the gingival tissue. Histological sections were taken to evaluate and measure bone resorption and neutrophil recruitment in the furcation region. Results: Rats with periodontitis had alveolar bone resorption. SHRs with periodontitis showed marked bone loss and increased neutrophil infiltration in comparison with WTK rats. SHRs with periodontitis showed increased levels of TNF-a and CXCL2...

Association of haplotypes in the IL8 gene with susceptibility to chronic periodontitis in a Brazilian population

Kim, Yeon Jung; Viana, Aline Cavalcante; Curtis, Karen Maria C.; Perez Orrico, Silvana Regina; Cirelli, Joni Augusto; Mendes-Junior, Celso Teixeira; Scarel-Caminaga, Raquel Mantuaneli
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1264-1268
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 03/10424-0; Processo FAPESP: 05/03231-7; Background: Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemokine related to the initiation and amplification of acute and chronic inflammatory processes. Polymorphisms in the IL8 gene have been associated with inflammatory diseases. We investigated whether the - 845(T/C) and - 738(T/A) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL8 gene, as well as the haplotypes they form together with the previously investigated -353(A/T), are associated with susceptibility to chronic periodontitis.Methods: DNA was extracted from buccal epithelial cells of 400 Brazilian individuals (control n =182, periodontitis n=218). SNPs were genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Disease associations were analyzed by the chi(2) test, Exact Fisher test and Clump program. Haplotypes were reconstructed using the expectation-maximization algorithm and differences in haplotype distribution between the groups were analyzed to estimate genetic susceptibility for chronic periodontitis development.Results: When analyzed individually, no SNPs showed different distributions between the control and chronic periodontitis groups. Although...

Prevalence of leukotoxic genotypes of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in Brazilians with chronic periodontitis

Rosalem Junior,Wilson; Andrade,Arnaldo Feitosa Braga de; Colombo,Ana Paula Vieira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is considered a major etiologic agent of aggressive periodontitis but this species has also been associated with other forms of periodontal disease. Further, highly leukotoxic strains are related to severity of disease. This investigation determined the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans and the occurrence of the leukotoxin gene 530-bp deletion in Brazilian subjects with chronic periodontitis. Twenty periodontally healthy and 20 chronic periodontitis subjects were selected. Full-mouth clinical examination was carried out at 6 sites/tooth. Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from the 3 deepest sites and 3 healthy sites from periodontitis subjects, as well as from 3 sites of individuals with periodontal health. A. actinomycetemcomitans and the genetic deletion were determined by the polymerase chain reaction. Significant differences were sought by Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, and Wilcoxon sign tests. Periodontitis subjects presented a higher prevalence (75%) of A. actinomycetemcomitans than individuals with health (45%) (p = 0.053). A mean frequency of 57.5% of A. actinomycetemcomitans - positive sites was observed in the periodontitis group. Of those, 75% were diseased, whereas 40% were healthy sites (p = 0.0001). Healthy subjects showed a mean frequency of 35% of positive sites. In contrast...

Serum leveis of inflammatory markers in type 2 diabetes patients with chronic periodontitis

LONGO,Priscila Larcher; ARTESE,Hilana Paula Carillo; RABELO,Marianade Sousa; KAWAMOTO,Dione; FOZ,Adriana Moura; ROMITO,Giuseppe Alexandre; DIB,Sérgio Atala; MAYER,Marcia Pinto Alves
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Diabetes has been associated with periodontitis, but the mechanisms through which periodontal diseases affect the metabolic control remain unclear. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate serum leveis of inflammatory markers, IL-8, IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), in type 2 diabetic patients in the presence of chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods: Forty two individuals were enrolled in this study and assigned to one of five groups: diabetes mellitus with inadequate glycemic control and periodontitis (DMI+P, n = 10), diabetes mellitus with adequate glycemic control and periodontitis (DMA+P, n = 10), diabetes mellitus without periodontitis (DM, n = 10), periodontitis without diabetes (P, n=6), and neither diabetes nor periodontitis (H, n = 6). Periodontal clinical examination included visible plaque index (PL), gingival bleeding index (GB), probing depth (PD), attachment level (AL) and bleeding on probing (BP). Glycemic control was evaluated by serum concentration of glycated hemoglobin (HbAlc). Inflammatory serum markers IL-8, IL-6 and (MCP-1) were measured by ELISA. Results: DMI+P and DMA+P groups presented higher PD (p=0.025) and AL (p=0.003) values when compared to the P group. There were no significant differences among groups for IL-6...

Periodontitis-associated risk factors in pregnant women

Piscoya,Maria Dilma Bezerra de Vasconcellos; Ximenes,Ricardo Arraes de Alencar; Silva,Genivaldo Moura da; Jamelli,Sílvia Regina; Coutinho,Sonia Bechara
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with periodontitis in pregnant women. METHODS: This study was conducted in two stages. In Stage 1, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of periodontitis among 810 women treated at the maternity ward of a university hospital. In Stage 2, the factors associated with periodontitis were investigated in two groups of pregnant women: 90 with periodontitis and 720 without. A hierarchized approach to the evaluation of the risk factors was used in the analysis, and the independent variables related to periodontitis were grouped into two levels: 1) socio-demographic variables; 2a) variables related to nutritional status, smoking, and number of pregnancies; and 2b) variables related to oral hygiene. Periodontitis was defined as a probing depth > 4 mm and an attachment loss > 3 mm at the same site in four or more teeth. A logistic regression analysis was also performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of periodontitis in this sample was 11%. The variables that remained in the final multivariate model with the hierarchized approach were schooling, family income, smoking, body mass index, and bacterial plaque. CONCLUSION: The factors identified underscore the social nature of the disease...

Receptor activator NF kB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) protein expression in periodontitis

Crotti, T.; Smith, M.; Hirsch, R.; Soukoulis, S.; Weedon, H.; Capone, M.; Ahern, M.; Haynes, D.
Fonte: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd Publicador: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Objectives and background: This study investigated the expression of key mediators that regulate differentiation of osteoclasts, receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), and its natural inhibitor, osteoprotegerin (OPG), in periodontitis. We aimed to compare the levels of the RANKL and OPG in the granulomatous tissue adjacent to areas of alveolar bone loss from patients with periodontitis to that present in tissue from patients without periodontitis. In addition, we aimed to determine the types of cells expressing these factors in these tissues and to demonstrate the expression of the osteoclastic markers, RANK and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), in periodontitis. Materials and methods: Frozen biopsy specimens were analysed using specific monoclonal antibodies and were evaluated by semiquantitative analysis and digital image analysis to compare levels of RANKL and OPG protein expression. Double labelling of frozen sections with antibodies to different cell lineage specific markers was used to determine the types of cells expressing these proteins. In situ hybridization was used to detect cells expressing RANK mRNA. Results: Semiquantitative image analysis demonstrated that significantly higher levels of RANKL protein (P < 0.05) were expressed in the periodontitis tissue. Conversely...

Asociación de mayores niveles de RANKL y linfocitos T CD4+ en periodontitis

Puente, Javier; Silva, Augusto; Dutzan, Nicolás; Chaparro, Alejandra; Gamonal Aravena, Jorge Antonio; Chandía, Sabrita; Vernal Astudillo, Rolando Marcelo
Fonte: Escuela de Odontología. Facultad de Salud. Universidad del Valle Publicador: Escuela de Odontología. Facultad de Salud. Universidad del Valle
Tipo: Artículo de revista
ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Propósito: La periodontitis es una enfermedad infecciosa que involucra una sobre-respuesta inmune del hospedero y se caracteriza por la destrucción de los tejidos de soporte del diente.Durante su desarrollo se establece un denso infiltrado celular mononuclear donde el 70% lo constituyen los linfocitos de tipo T, con la capacidad de secretar una serie de citoquinas que participan en los eventos patogénicos de la enfermedad,regulando la inflamación de los tejidos periodontales y la destrucción del hueso alveolar. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar si en la periodontitis crónica se observan mayores niveles de RANKL y si estos se encuentran asociados a los linfocitos T CD4+ reclutados en los sitios con enfermedad periodontal. Material y Método: En 20 individuos con periodontitis crónica y en 12 individuos controles voluntarios y periodontalmente sanos se determinaron los niveles de mRNA de RANKL mediante RT-PCR tiempo real, se aislaron células gingivales totales para inmunotipificar y cuantificar los leucocitos infiltrantes gingivales y los linfocitos T CD4+ y CD8+ a través de citometría de flujo, en sobrenadantes de cultivos celulares, sin estimular y estimulados con LPS, PHA, extracto bacteriano de e inter-leuquinas 2 y 15...

Periodontitis-associated risk factors in pregnant women

Piscoya, Maria Dilma Bezerra de Vasconcellos; Ximenes, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar; Silva, Genivaldo Moura da; Jamelli, Sílvia Regina; Coutinho, Sonia Bechara
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with periodontitis in pregnant women. METHODS: This study was conducted in two stages. In Stage 1, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of periodontitis among 810 women treated at the maternity ward of a university hospital. In Stage 2, the factors associated with periodontitis were investigated in two groups of pregnant women: 90 with periodontitis and 720 without. A hierarchized approach to the evaluation of the risk factors was used in the analysis, and the independent variables related to periodontitis were grouped into two levels: 1) socio-demographic variables; 2a) variables related to nutritional status, smoking, and number of pregnancies; and 2b) variables related to oral hygiene. Periodontitis was defined as a probing depth >; 4 mm and an attachment loss >; 3 mm at the same site in four or more teeth. A logistic regression analysis was also performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of periodontitis in this sample was 11%. The variables that remained in the final multivariate model with the hierarchized approach were schooling, family income, smoking, body mass index, and bacterial plaque. CONCLUSION: The factors identified underscore the social nature of the disease...

Occurrence of porphyromonas gingivalis and its antibacterial susceptibility to metronidazole and tetracycline in patients with chronic periodontitis

Gamboa,Fredy; Acosta,Adriana; García,Dabeiba-Adriana; Velosa,Juliana; Araya,Natalia; Ledergerber,Roberto
Fonte: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana Publicador: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial infectious disease associated with Gram-negative strict anaerobes which are immersed in the subgingival biofilm. Porphyromonas gingivalis, an important periodontal pathogen, is frequently detected in patients with chronic periodontitis. Although isolates of P. gingivalis tend to be susceptible to most antimicrobial agents, relatively little information is available on its in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of P. gingivalis in patients with chronic periodontitis and to assess antimicrobial susceptibility in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of clinical isolates to metronidazole and tetracycline. A descriptive, observational study was performed including 87 patients with chronic periodontitis. Samples were taken from the periodontal pocket using paper points, which were placed in thioglycollate broth. Samples were incubated for 4 hours at 37°C in anaerobic conditions and finally replated on Wilkins-Chalgren anaerobic agar (Oxoid). Bacteria were identified using the RapIDTMANAII system (Remel) and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined with the M.I.C. Evaluator test (MICE, Oxoid). P. gingivalis was identified in 30 of the 87 patients with chronic periodontitis...

Occurrence of aggressive periodontitis in patients at a dental school in southern Brazil

Hermes,Chirley Roberta; Glesse Baumhardt,Simone; Kuchenbecker Rösing,Cassiano
Fonte: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana Publicador: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Aggressive periodontitis is a rare, severe and rapidly progressing periodontal disease. Early diagnosis is of utmost importance for establishing treatment in order to stop periodontal destruction and prevent tooth loss. The aim of this study is to describe the occurrence of aggressive periodontitis in patients at a Dental School in Brazil by means of a cross-sectional study. First, records from patients aged 15-36 years were consecutively scrutinized. Patients should not have systemic diseases. The search went up to 383 valid records. By means of periapical radiographs, the distance between the cement-enamel junction and the bone crest was measured. Records in which there was severe bone loss or periodontal destruction incompatible with the age of the patient were selected. Patients with bone loss ≥ 3mm were called to answer a questionnaire and undergo periodontal examination, in order to confirm or dismiss the diagnosis of aggressive periodontitis. From a total 383 records, 55.1% (211) were female and 44.9% (172) were male. In 3.9% (15) of the records, presumed diagnosis was aggressive periodontitis, and 12 out of those 15 eligible patients (80%) came in for clinical examination and confirmation or dismissal of the diagnosis. Aggressive periodontitis was diagnosed in 7 patients...

Papel de los linfocitos T CD4+ en la destrucción ósea observada durante la periodontitis crónica

Vernal,R.; Dutzan,N.; León,R.; Gamonal,J.
Fonte: Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral Publicador: Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2006 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Propósito: La periodontitis crónica es una enfermedad de naturaleza inflamatoria y etiología infecciosa, caracterizada por la destrucción del aparato de inserción del diente, cemento radicular, ligamento periodontal y hueso alveolar, y que causa la pérdida de los dientes. Durante su desarrollo se establece un denso infiltrado inflamatorio celular, constituido principalmente por linfocitos T, con la capacidad de secretar una serie de citoquinas que participan en los eventos patogénicos de la enfermedad, regulando la inflamación de los tejidos periodontales y la destrucción del hueso alveolar. En la artritis reumatoide, la citoquina recientemente identificada RANKL (Ligando del receptor activador del factor nuclear kB) es expresada por los linfocitos T CD4+, participando directamente en los procesos de estimulación de la diferenciación osteoclástica y en la activación de osteoclastos maduros, y por lo tanto, en la destrucción ósea articular. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar si mayores niveles de RANKL se encuentran asociados a la periodontitis crónica y si estos son sintetizados por los linfocitos T CD4+ reclutados en los sitios con periodontitis crónica. Material y métodos: En 33 pacientes mayores de 35 años de edad afectados de periodontitis crónica y 20 individuos controles sanos...

Relación del estado nutricio, densidad mineral ósea tanto corporal como mandibular, pérdida dentaria y riesgo de fractura (FRAX), en mujeres pre y postmenopáusicas con periodontitis

Aguilera-Barreiro,M.ª de los Angeles; Dávalos-Vázquez,Karla Fabiola; Jiménez-Méndez,Carolina; Jiménez-Mendoza,Daniel; Olivarez-Padrón,Luis Ángel; Rodríguez-García,Mario Enrique
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2014 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Introducción: Durante la menopausia existe aumento de peso y disminución de densidad mineral ósea (DMO) el cual se ha relacionado con enfermedad periodontal (incidencia entre 5 a 30%), de ahí que sea indispensable evaluar factores de riesgo relacionados con antropometría y DMO. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación entre el índice de masa corporal (IMC), complexión esquelética, circunferencia de cintura, pérdida dentaria, riesgo de fractura, DMO de columna, cadera, fémur y mandíbula en mujeres pre y postmenopáusicas con periodontitis. Sujetos y metodología: Se estudiaron 60 mujeres de 35-60 años, se estudiaron 4 grupos (n = 15): Grupo control: mujeres premenopáuscas sin periodontitis, Grupo experimental 1: mujeres premenopáusicas con periodontitis, Grupo experimental 2: mujeres postmenopáusicas sin periodontitis y Grupo experimental 3: mujeres postmenopáusicas con periodontitis. La periodontitis fue diagnosticada con sonda periodontal digital computarizada, la DMO de mandíbula por radiografía digital con conversión de rayos X, el número de dientes por radiografía panorámica digital. Se obtuvo: el IMC, la complexión esquelética, circunferencia de cintura, riesgo de fractura mediante el cuestionario FRAX. Resultados: Las variables con correlaciones negativas a periodontitis: peso...