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Catastrofização da Dor e Percepção de Doença em Indivíduos com Dor Crónica

Rocha, Andreia Sofia Rodrigues Martins
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia, ramo de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde; Ao longo dos tempos e com o avançar da investigação e da prática clínica tem-se verificado uma crescente associação entre os factores psicossociais e a dor crónica. Assim, é de extrema importância que na avaliação clínica da dor não se tenha apenas em consideração, os processos orgânicos mas o aglomerar de factores orgânicos e psicossociais, tanto na manutenção como na exacerbação da dor. Desta forma, a presente investigação tem como principais objectivos: caracterizar a dor, os pensamentos catastróficos, a percepção de doença da amostra; analisar a relação entre a dor e os pensamentos catastróficos, a percepção de doença e os pensamentos catastróficos e a relação entre a dor e as variáveis sócio-demograficas. A amostra, de conveniência, constituída por 80 adultos com diagnóstico de dor crónica (63 do sexo feminino e 17 do sexo masculino), com idades compreendidas entre os 24 e os 81 anos de idade (M=51,83; DP=12), seguidos na Consulta de Psicologia da Dor da Unidade de Dor Crónica do Hospital S.João – EPE, Porto...

An application of the SF-6D to create heath values in Portuguese working age adults

Ferreira, Lara Noronha; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes; Pereira, Luís Nobre; Brazier, John
Fonte: Journal of Medical Economics Publicador: Journal of Medical Economics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.47%
Objectives : This study describes the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of the Portuguese working age population and investigates sociodemographic differences. Methods : Subjects randomly selected from the working age population ( n =2,459) were assessed using the SF-36v2 and converted into the preference-based SF-6D. Results : The mean SF-6D utility value was 0.70 (range 0.63–0.73). The mean utility value was lower for the lower educational level than for the highest. Women, people living in rural areas and older adults reported lower levels of utility values. Non-parametric tests showed that health utility values were signifi cantly related to employment; unskilled manual workers reported utility values lower than non-manual workers. For different diseases, mean utility values ranged from 0.58 (sexual diseases) to 0.66 (hepatic conditions). Cluster analysis was adopted to classify individuals into three groups according to their answers to the SF-6D dimensions. Multinomial logit regression was used to detect sociodemographic characteristics affecting the probability of following each cluster pattern. This study yielded normative data by age and gender for the SF-6D. Conclusions: The authors conclude that SF-6D is an effective tool for measuring HRQOL in the community so that different population groups can be compared. The preference-based measure used seems to discriminate adequately across sociodemographic differences. These results allow a better understanding of the impact of sociodemographic variables on the burden of illness perception.

Saúde, doença e morte de crianças: um olhar segundo a percepção dos Kaiowá e Guarani; To your health , ailment and death as of children : um look second the perception of the Kaiowá and he keeps

Picoli, Renata Palopoli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.72%
Esta pesquisa investiga o significado de saúde e doença infantil para os Kaiowá e Guarani da Terra Indígena de Caarapó, Mato Grosso do Sul, abordando as escolhas realizadas no itinerário terapêutico. Propõe-se a identificar as explicações e as circunstâncias em que ocorreu o óbito de crianças menores de um ano de vida, segundo a percepção desse povo. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa, adotamos a contribuição etnográfica, no sentido de captar as vinculações entre os eventos de saúde, doença e morte infantil aos elementos de seu contexto de vida. A análise do significado de saúde revelou que os acontecimentos simbólicos que o definem são construídos diariamente e dependem das experiências dos sujeitos e de seus elementos cosmológicos, sociais e ambientais. Os esquemas de interpretação de causalidade mostraram a sensibilidade e a percepção desse povo frente aos problemas de saúde infantil, informados por aspectos culturais e sociais e outros incorporados e reelaborados no convívio com os serviços de saúde existentes na T.I. Para a diarréia e a desnutrição infantil, identificou-se a utilização de diferentes esquemas interpretativos de causalidade: de ordem cultural, social e ambiental, acionados de forma simultânea ou não. A análise do itinerário terapêutico permitiu elucidar a importância do processo de negociação entre os Kaiowá e Guarani com a sua sociedade e com a sociedade não-indígena. No processo de negociação no interior da parentela...

Da invisibilidade à visibilidade do sujeito vivendo com a infecção/doença do vírus linfotrópico de células T humanas do tipo 1 (HTLV-1) e o lugar das decisões reprodutivas nas tramas do saber e do cuidar; From invisibility to visibility of the person living with the infection / disease related to HTLV-1 and the reproductive decisions in the frame of knowledge and care

Zihlmann, Karina Franco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
Introdução: A infecção pelo HTLV-1 é um problema de Saúde Pública não devidamente assumido e sem diretrizes específicas de políticas públicas no seu enfrentamento. Pouco se investigou sobre questões subjetivas relativas desta infecção/doença cujo risco da TMI é significativo, permitindo questionar como viver com HTLV-1 interfere no modo de vida e nas decisões reprodutivas. Objetivos: Conhecer como mulheres e homens vivendo com o vírus linfotrópico de células T humanas tipo 1 percebem a infecção/doença e o lugar das decisões reprodutivas, bem como implicações para a assistência em saúde. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo, entre junho de 2007 a junho de 2008, com pessoas vivendo com HTLV-1 do ambulatório do Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas, São Paulo, Brasil. Realizou-se, além da observação participante na perspectiva etnográfica, entrevistas em profundidade com 13 sujeitos, com roteiro temático sobre percepção de infecção/doença, sexualidade e decisões reprodutivas. As falas foram categorizadas e analisadas a partir de reflexões sobre gênero, psicanálise e cuidado em saúde pública. Os sujeitos da pesquisa assinaram um Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Resultados: Os relatos de peregrinação na busca do diagnóstico caracterizam o HTLV-1 como uma infecção/doença invisível...

O agente penitenciário aos olhos do judiciário paulista; The penitentiary correctional officers in the eyes of the judiciary of the state of São Paulo

Calderoni, Vivian
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
O objetivo do presente trabalho consistiu na identificação de elementos valorativos e perceptivos que o Poder Judiciário tem em relação ao agente de segurança penitenciária (ASP), discriminando temas, ênfases e tendências. Para a sua consecução, foram realizadas oito entrevistas semidirigidas com juízes atuantes em Varas de Execução Criminal do Estado de São Paulo. A apresentação do estado da arte demonstrou a pluralidade de ângulos sob os quais a temática relativa aos agentes penitenciários vem sendo estudada. O levantamento bibliográfico revelou ser escassa a literatura sobre a percepção do Poder Judiciário acerca dos ASPs. Foram criadas, a partir das entrevistas realizadas, dez categorias de análise: preparo, papel e formas de atuação do ASP; relacionamento entre os ASPs e o Poder Judiciário; relacionamento entre ASP e preso; relacionamento entre ASP e a direção da unidade prisional em que trabalham; probidade dos ASPs; vulnerabilidade e segurança do ASP no exercício da sua profissão; valorização, por parte do Poder Judiciário, do depoimento do ASP; condições de trabalho do ASP; fatores emocionais relacionados ao trabalho do ASP; impacto do crime organizado na atuação do ASP. Da apresentação e análise dos dados resultaram 18 súmulas analítico-descritivas. No capítulo destinado às conclusões...

Percepção da gravidade da doença em pacientes adultos com fibrose cística; Perception of disease severity in adult patients with cystic fibrosis

Dalcin, Paulo de Tarso Roth; Rampon, Greice; Pasin, Lilian Rech; Ramon, Gretchem Mesquita; Oliveira, Viviane Ziebell de; Becker, Sinara Corrêa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.7%
Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção da gravidade da doença em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC), investigando sua relação com escore clínico, escore radiológico, testes de função pulmonar, adesão ao tratamento e percepção de autocuidado. Métodos: Estudo transversal, prospectivo, envolvendo pacientes com FC atendidos em um programa para adultos com FC. A percepção da gravidade da doença, a adesão ao tratamento e o relato de autocuidado foram avaliados por questionários. Foram obtidos de todos os pacientes dados clínicos, escore clínico de Shwachman- Kulczycki, escore radiológico de Brasfield e espirometria. Resultados: De 38 pacientes estudados, 3 (7,9%) relataram percepção de sua saúde como muito abaixo da média; 5 (13,2%), como abaixo da média; 15 (39,5%), como na média; 10 (26.3%), como acima da média; e 5 (13,2%), como muito acima da média. A percepção da gravidade da doença correlacionou-se significativamente com o escore clínico (r = 0,43, p = 0,007), CVF (r = 0,34, p = 0,034), VEF1 (r = 0,38, p = 0,019) e com relato de autocuidado (r = 0,33, p = 0,044), mas não com o grau de adesão (r = -0,03, p = 0,842) e escore radiológico (r = 0,33, p = 0,51). Conclusões: A percepção da gravidade da doença se relacionou com medidas objetivas de gravidade da doença (escore clínico e testes de função pulmonar) e com relato de autocuidado...

Adaptação e validação do Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ) para a cultura brasileira

Nogueira, Graziela Sousa
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Psicologia, Programa de Processos de Desenvolvimento Humano e Saúde, 2012.; Nos últimos anos houve o crescimento de pesquisas em âmbito mundial sobre a temática percepção de doenças. Tal expansão tem sido observada, especialmente a partir do desenvolvimento e difusão de instrumentos embasados no Modelo de Autorregulação de Leventhal. Entre os instrumentos construídos a partir desta perspectiva, cita-se o Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ), medida utilizada em diversos países, que auxilia no direcionamento de intervenções psicológicas, particularmente cognitivo-comportamentais. Contudo, no Brasil são inexistentes os instrumentos validados que avaliam a percepção de doenças, assegurando a relevância de pesquisas com esta proposta. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar e validar o Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ) para a cultura brasileira. Trata-se de instrumento composto de nove itens que avaliam a representação cognitiva e emocional da doença. Inicialmente, o Brief IPQ foi traduzido da versão original (inglês) para a língua portuguesa, mediante técnicas de tradução reversa e análise semântica, constituindo a validade linguística. Posteriormente...

Implications of the Intervention Program for Physical Activity (IPPA) in the perception of illness and wellbeing in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Pedro, Luísa; Pais-Ribeiro, José Luís; Pinheiro, João Páscoa
Fonte: SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications Publicador: SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.81%
The aim of this study is to examine the implications of the IPPA in the perception of illness and wellbeing in MS patients. Methods - This is a quasi experimental study non-randomized study with 24 MS patients diagnosed at least 1 year before, and with an EDSS score of under 7. We used the IPPA in 3 groups of eight people in 3 Portuguese hospitals (Lisbon, Coimbra, and Porto). The sessions were held once a week for 90 minutes, over a period of 7 weeks. The instruments used were: We asked the subjects the question “Please classify the severity of your disease?” and used the Personal Wellbeing Scale (PWS) at the beginning (time A) and end (time B) of the IPPA. We used the SPSS version 20. A non-parametric statistical hypothesis test (Wilcoxon test) was used for the variable analysis. The intervention followed the recommendations of the Helsinki Declaration. Results – The results suggest that there are differences between time A and B, the perception of illness decreased (p<0.08), while wellbeing increased (p<0.01). Conclusions: The IPPA can play an important role in modifying the perception of disease severity and personal wellbeing.

Alterations in psychosocial health of people affected by asbestos poisoning

Clemente,Miguel; Reig-Botella,Adela; Prados,Juan Carlos
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.47%
OBJECTIVE To analyze the state of psychosocial and mental health of professionals affected by asbestos. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted with 110 professionals working in the Ferrolterra region of Spain, who were affected by asbestos poisoning. This group was compared with a group of 70 shipyard workers with no manifestation of work-related diseases. All the participants were male with a mean age of 67 years. This study was conducted in 2013, between January and June, and used the SCL-90 questionnaire by Derogatis as its primary measure for research. This questionnaire consists of 9 variables that measure psychosomatic symptoms. In addition, an overall index of psychosomatic gravity was calculated. The participants were also asked two questions concerning their overall perception of feeling good. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and logistic regression. RESULTS Participants affected by asbestos poisoning showed high occurrence rates of psychological health variables such as somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, and global severity index. CONCLUSIONS Social interaction as a differentiating factor between workers affected by work-related chronic syndromes as compared to healthy participants will possibly aid in the development of intervention programs by improving the social network of affected individuals.

Longitudinal assessment of illness perceptions in young adults with cancer

Castro,Elisa Kern de; Kreling,Marina; Ponciano,Clarissa; Meneghetti,Bruna Machado; Chem,Carolina Mainieri
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The purpose of this study was to assess longitudinally the illness perception in young adults with cancer. Participants were 50 patients who answered socio-demographic and clinical data questionnaires and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ). Longitudinal results revealed no significant changes in illness perceptions over one-year period. However, perceptions about cancer causality were significantly different in the same period. Women presented more negative cognitive perceptions about cancer than men in Time 1 (T1), but in T2 women revealed more negative emotional perceptions about the cancer. It was concluded that illness perception over one-year period remained relatively stable, but there are strong evidence for differences between men and women.

The Role of Medical Language in Changing Public Perceptions of Illness

Young, Meredith E.; Norman, Geoffrey R.; Humphreys, Karin R.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/12/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
This study was designed to investigate the impact of medical terminology on perceptions of disease. Specifically, we look at the changing public perceptions of newly medicalized disorders with accompanying newly medicalized terms (e.g. impotence has become erectile dysfunction disorder). Does using “medicalese” to label a recently medicalized disorder lead to a change in the perception of that condition? Undergraduate students (n = 52) rated either the medical or lay label for recently medicalized disorders (such as erectile dysfunction disorder vs. impotence) and established medical conditions (such as a myocardial infarction vs. heart attack) for their perceived seriousness, disease representativeness and prevalence. Students considered the medical label of the recently medicalized disease to be more serious (mean = 4.95 (SE = .27) vs. mean = 3.77 (SE = .24) on a ten point scale), more representative of a disease (mean = 2.47 (SE = .09) vs. mean = 1.83 (SE = .09) on a four point scale), and have lower prevalence (mean = 68 (SE = 12.6) vs. mean = 122 (SE = 18.1) out of 1,000) than the same disease described using common language. A similar pattern was not seen in the established medical conditions...

Parents’ perception of child and adolescent mental health problems and their choice of treatment option in southwest Ethiopia

Abera, Mubarek; Robbins, Jeffrey M.; Tesfaye, Markos
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
Background: Parents’ perception and awareness about psychiatric illness in children and adolescents is an important determinant of early detection and treatment seeking for the condition. However, there has been limited information about the perception and awareness of parents about these issues as well as their preferred treatment options in Ethiopia. This study is, therefore, aimed at assessing the perception of parents about psychiatric illness in children and adolescents and their preferred treatment options in Jimma, Ethiopia. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted among 532 parents in Jimma City, Ethiopia from April to May 2013. Parents from the city were invited to participate in this study to assess their knowledge on causes, and manifestations of psychiatric illness in children and adolescents as well as their preferred treatment options if their children exhibited signs and symptoms of mental illness. Results: Nearly three quarters of the parents identified genetic factors while approximately 20 % of them mentioned neuro-chemical disturbance as possible causes of their children’s mental health problems. On the other hand, magic, curse, and sin were mentioned as causes of mental health problems by 93.2, 81.8 and 73.9 % of the parents...

Consumer perceptions of safety in hospitals

Evans, S.; Berry, J.; Smith, B.; Esterman, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating adverse events have traditionally been principally undertaken from a medical perspective. The impact that experience of an adverse event has on consumer confidence in health care is largely unknown. The objectives of the study were to seek public opinion on 1) the rate and severity of adverse events experienced in hospitals; and 2) the perception of safety in hospitals, so that predictors of lack of safety could be identified. METHODS: A multistage, clustered survey of persons residing in South Australia (2001), using household interviews (weighted n = 2,884). RESULTS: A total of 67% of respondents aged over forty years reported having at least one member of their household hospitalised in the past five years; with the average being two hospital admissions in five years. Respondents stated that 7.0% (95%CI: 6.2% to 7.9%) of those hospital admissions were associated with an adverse event; 59.7% of respondents (95% CI: 51.4% to 67.5%) rated the adverse event as really serious and 48.5% (95% CI: 40.4% to 56.8%) stated prolonged hospitalisation was required as a consequence of the adverse event. Perception of safety in hospitals was largely affected by the experience of an adverse event; really serious events were the most significant predictor of lack of safety in those aged 40 years and over (RR 2.38; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The experience of adverse events negatively impacted on public confidence in hospitals. The consumer-reported adverse event rate in hospitals (7.0%) is similar to that identified using medical record review. Based on estimates from other studies...

Psychological well-being and perception of disease severity in people with multiple sclerosis, who underwent a program of self-regulation to promote physical activity

Pedro, Luísa; Pais-Ribeiro, José Luís; Pinheiro, João Páscoa
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /01/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
Rehabilitation is very important for in the results of treatment in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Rehabilitation processes occur through gradual changes. These changes integrate intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of the individual, promoting adaptations to the needs and activities of daily living according to individual goals. Recommendations for exercise in multiple sclerosis: these recommendations apply only to patients with EDSS less than 7; moderate intensity aerobic exercise for a total of 20 to 30 minutes, twice or three times for week; the resistance training with low or moderate intensity is well tolerated by patients with MS; associated with these exercises were recommended flexibility exercises of moderate intensity, as well as strengthening exercises. The aim of this study is to examine the implications of the program of self-regulation in the perception of illness and mental health (psychological well-being domain) in multiple sclerosis patients.

Fostered children's perception of their health care and illness treatment in Ekiti Yoruba households, Nigeria

Oni, Jacob Bamidele
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 55356 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
This paper reports the findings from both quantitative and qualitative fieldwork conducted in six Ekiti Yoruba communities of southwestern Nigeria on the treatment of child illness within households. Relying heavily on data from focus group discussions, it shows how fostered children use local proverbs and day-to-day common sayings to describe their perception of the responses to and treatment of their illnesses in a very different way from that of the foster parents. Parents’ responses and treatment of fostered and non-fostered children’s illnesses were compared. Both the qualitative and quantitative evidence from the study showed that treatments were delayed for foster-children in comparison to own children, and foster-parents were found to be less sensitive to foster-child illness, which they often suspected was used to avoid housework. The different responses to, and treatment of, foster-children’s illnesses are important for the understanding of the probable effects on differential morbidity, and possibly mortality, between fostered and nonfostered children.; no

PERCEPCION DE ENFERMEDAD: Una aproximación a partir del “Illness Perception Questionnaire”/ ILLNESS PERCEPTION: an approximation from the "Illness Perception Questionnaire"

Japcy Margarita Quiceno; Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín (Colombia); Stefano Vinaccia; Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia Facultad de Psicología
Fonte: Psicología desde el Caribe Publicador: Psicología desde el Caribe
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.99%
El siguiente trabajo tiene como propósito presentar una revisión del constructo de percepción de enfermedad a partir del modelo de Leventhal en salud. Se consideran los antecedentes históricos, los distintos modelos en salud, el desarrollo del “Illness Perception Questionnaire” y sus diferentes versiones. Por último, se presenta un análisis de los resultados encontrados en diferentes investigaciones tanto con pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad crónica como en pacientes de salud mental.Palabra claves: Percepción de enfermedad; “Cuestionario de Percepción de Enfermedad”; enfermedad crónica; salud mental.The following review presents an analysis of the construct of perception of illness base don Leventhal’s health model. Historical framework and, different health models, original and different versions of the “Illness Perception Questionnaire” and its different are reviewed. In closing an analysis of the results found in various researches is carried out with mental health patients and those diagnosed with chronic disease.Keywords: Perception of illness; “Illness Perception Questionnaire”; chronic disease; mental health.

The Effects of College Students' Perceptions and Knowledge of Mental Illness and Mental Health Services on Help-Seeking Behavior

Meier, Erica
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.58%
Ann Bell; College presents students with many exciting opportunities to grow socially and academically. Students may choose to enroll in courses that explore topics they’ve never studied, interact with people who are very different from their friends back home, and join new clubs and social groups. While all of these collegiate activities offer invaluable opportunities for enrichment and growth, they also operate within institutions that are, in many cases, unfamiliar and far from home. Students who are unable to adjust to these unfamiliar institutions in a healthy manner are at a greater risk of developing poor mental health or exacerbating an already existing condition. In addition to the stress of being in an unfamiliar and constantly changing institution, students who have mental health concerns may also experience personal and/or other stigma, which may decrease their ability to cope in a healthy manner or to seek professional help. College students may also be unaware of—or may have a negative perception of—the mental health services that are available to them, which may also decrease the likelihood that they will seek help. This paper seeks to explore students’ perceptions and knowledge and mental health, with an emphasis on co-occurring depression and substance abuse and depression with suicidal ideation.; Sociology

Burden and associated pathologies in family caregivers of Alzheimer´s disease patients in Spain

Vérez Cotelo,Natalia; Andrés Rodríguez,N. Floro; Fornos Pérez,José A.; Andrés Iglesias,J. Carlos; RÍOS LAGO,Marcos
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Granada) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Granada)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.47%
Objectives: To evaluate the profile of family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients, identify any signs of psychopathology, quantify the level of perceived burden on the caregiver, and determine the caregiver´s relationship with their pharmacist. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a community pharmacy in Pontevedra, Spain. Demographic variables were collected, and the following questionnaires were administered: the Beck Depression Inventory-II, STAI-Anxiety Questionnaire, Zarit Burden Scale, family APGAR scale, and the Duke-UNC questionnaire. Results: The typical caregiver profile consists of a 55-year old first degree relative (mostly daughters) with a primary education who belongs to a functional or mildly dysfunctional family. Nearly one quarter (24%) of caregivers had a high perception of burden, with anxiety in 20% of caregivers and symptoms of depression in 20%. Family caregivers usually went to the same pharmacy as the patients (96%), were treated with psychotropic drugs (68%), and interacted with the pharmacist (92%). Conclusion: This study confirmed that psychological distress and burden is present among family caregivers. Care for caregivers should be integrated into patient care as part of a national plan...

The contribution of reproductive ill-health to the overall burden of perceived illness among women in southern India

Bhatia,Jagdish; Cleland,John
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.71%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate women's perceptions of the overall burden of illness among a sample of women in southern India. METHODS: A community-based sample of 421 young married women in a subdistrict about 70 kilometres from Bangalore, Karnataka State, India, were interviewed monthly for one year. At each visit, information on the symptoms of all forms of illness they had experienced was elicited with the aid of a checklist. Details were obtained on the durations of episodes of illness and on health-seeking behaviour and costs. The symptoms were subsequently coded in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). FINDINGS: Reproductive ill-health accounted for half of all illness-days and for 31% of total curative health expenditure. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study estimated that 27.4% of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in Indian women aged 15-44 years were attributable to reproductive ill-health. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that this dimension of morbidity, when measured in terms of women's subjective experiences, makes a larger contribution to the burden of illness than that suggested by the DALY approach. This lends justification to the high priority attached to reproductive ill-health in India.

Alterations in psychosocial health of people affected by asbestos poisoning

Clemente,Miguel; Reig-Botella,Adela; Prados,Juan Carlos
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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OBJECTIVE To analyze the state of psychosocial and mental health of professionals affected by asbestos.METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted with 110 professionals working in the Ferrolterra region of Spain, who were affected by asbestos poisoning. This group was compared with a group of 70 shipyard workers with no manifestation of work-related diseases. All the participants were male with a mean age of 67 years. This study was conducted in 2013, between January and June, and used the SCL-90 questionnaire by Derogatis as its primary measure for research. This questionnaire consists of 9 variables that measure psychosomatic symptoms. In addition, an overall index of psychosomatic gravity was calculated. The participants were also asked two questions concerning their overall perception of feeling good. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and logistic regression.RESULTS Participants affected by asbestos poisoning showed high occurrence rates of psychological health variables such as somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, and global severity index.CONCLUSIONS Social interaction as a differentiating factor between workers affected by work-related chronic syndromes as compared to healthy participants will possibly aid in the development of intervention programs by improving the social network of affected individuals.