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In-service training on the development of participatory and action-oriented sexual education in schools

Vilaça, Teresa; Sequeira, Manuel; Jensen, Bjarne Bruun
Fonte: UNESP Publicador: UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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Participatory action-research constituted by teachers (N=86) from 16 schools was carried out. It was aimed at investigating how teachers’ conceptions and practices change during in- -service teacher training so as to create adequate conditions in the school and implement a sexu- al education project based on the Democratic Health Education Paradigm with the use of information and communication technology. The research techniques selected were aimed towards the triangulation of those techniques and conclusions between the researcher and teachers. Considering its participative dimen- sion, the results of this investigation have im- plications in terms of teacher training and the organisation and management of the curricula.; Foi realizada uma investigação-ação partici- pativa envolvendo professores/as (N = 86) de 16 escolas. Esta investigação visou pesquisar como é que as concepções e práticas dos/as professores/as mudaram durante a formação contínua, de modo a criar as condições ade- quadas na escola para implementar um projeto de educação sexual baseado no paradigma de Educação para a Saúde Democrática, com o uso de tecnologias de informação e comunicação. As técnicas de pesquisa selecionadas visaram a triangulação dessas técnicas e das conclusões entre a pesquisadora e professores/as. Dada a sua dimensão participativa...


Chirowodza, Admire; van Rooyen, Heidi; Joseph, Philip; Sikotoyi, Sindisiwe; Richter, Linda; Coates, Thomas
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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Recent attempts to integrate geographic information systems (GIS) and participatory techniques, have given rise to terminologies such as participatory GIS and community-integrated GIS. Although GIS was initially developed for physical geographic application, it can be used for the management and analysis of health and health care data. Geographic information systems, combined with participatory methodology, have facilitated the analysis of access to health facilities and disease risk in different populations. Little has been published about the usefulness of combining participatory methodologies and GIS technology in an effort to understand and inform community-based intervention studies, especially in the context of HIV. This article attempts to address this perceived gap in the literature. The authors describe the application of participatory research methods with GIS in the formative phase of a multisite community-based social mobilization trial, using voluntary counseling and testing and post-test support as the intervention.

Agente para suporte à decisão multicritério em gestão pública participativa; Agent to support multicriteria decision in Public Participatory Management

Amorim, Leonardo Afonso
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência da Computação (INF); Instituto de Informática - INF (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência da Computação (INF); Instituto de Informática - INF (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/octet-stream; application/pdf
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Decision making in public management is associated with a high degree of complexity due to insufficient financial resources to meet all the demands emanating from various sectors of society. Often, economic activities are in conflict with social or environmental causes. Another important aspect in decision making in public management is the inclusion of various stakeholders, eg public management experts, small business owners, shopkeepers, teachers, representatives of social and professional classes, citizens etc. The goal of this master thesis is to present two computational agents to aid decision making in public management as part of ADGEPA project: Miner Agent (MA) and Agent Decision Support (DSA). The MA uses data mining techniques and DSA uses multi-criteria analysis to point out relevant issues. The context in which this work fits is ADGEPA project. The ADGEPA (which means Digital Assistant for Participatory Public Management) is an innovative practice to support participatory decision making in public resources management. The main contribution of this master thesis is the ability to assist in the discovery of patterns and correlations between environmental aspects that are not too obvious and can vary from community to community. This contribution would help the public manager to make systemic decisions that in addition to attacking the main problem of a given region would decrease or solve other problems. The validation of the results depends on actual data and analysis of public managers. In this work...

Participatory Communication : A Practical Guide

Tufte, Thomas; Mefalopulos, Paolo
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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Many communication practitioners and development workers face obstacles and challenges in their practical work. A participatory communication strategy offers a very specific perspective on how to articulate social processes, decision-making processes, and any change process for that matter. Participatory approaches are nothing new. However, what is new is the proliferation of institutions, especially governmental but also nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that seek participatory approaches in their development initiative. This guide concerns to provide perspectives, tools and experiences regarding how to go about it with participatory communication strategies. It is conceived as a guide to be of relevance and utility for development workers in the field. It is targeted at both at government and their officials, the World Bank staff, and at civil society. The particular relevance of this guide is three-fold: 1) placing the practitioner debate about participatory communication within a conceptual framework...

Community Contracting in the Malawi Social Action Fund : Local Stakeholder Perspectives

de Silva, Samantha; Kamwendo, Christine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The Malawi Social Action Fund (MASAF) is a quick-disbursing facility which routes money directly to communities. One of the main emphases of the project is to improve and strengthen the capacity of beneficiary communities to identify, prioritize, supervise, monitor, maintain and operate projects. Community contracting is an intrinsic part of this process. The participatory assessment of local stakeholder perspectives of community contracting included identifying: (i) key characteristics of the community contracting component, (ii) strengths and weaknesses of the approach, and; (iii) specific issues, constraints, and possible solutions.

Where to Use Cost Effectiveness Techniques Rather Than Cost Benefit Analysis

Mackie, Peter; Nellthorp, John; Laird, James
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Cost Benefit Analysis, and the measures of economic performance that can be derived from it (see Note 6: When and How to Use NPV, IRR and Adjusted IRR), is the preferred method for demonstrating the economic justification of transport investments. Such an approach, however, relies on the ability to be able to measure costs and benefits in monetary terms (see Note 5: Framework), which renders it problematic for projects where the majority of benefits cannot be readily monetised. Such a project could be a Low Volume Rural Road (see Note 21: Low Volume Rural Roads). In such situations consideration should be given to the use of measures derived from cost effectiveness or weighted cost effectiveness (also known as Multi Criteria Analysis) techniques as the basis for the decision regarding whether to invest or not. Cost effectiveness techniques are also a very useful tool for project screening or ranking. Such a screening process ensures that projects that are subjected to a more detailed analysis (including cost benefit analysis) are those that best fit with the objectives of the investment (e.g. poverty alleviation). Section 1 of this note outlines the situations in which cost effectiveness techniques should be used...

Participatory Conservation for Protected Areas : An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Sources (1996-2001)

Diamond, Nancy; Nkrumah, Elisabeth; Isaac, Alan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This report provides annotated summaries of recent publications on participatory conservation for protected areas. The report focused on lessons learned and good practices for donor-funded projects. The summaries include study objectives, methodology and findings. A keyword search list is also available at the end of the report.

Monitoring and Evaluation in Rural Electrification Projects : A Demand-Oriented Approach

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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The monitoring and evaluation approach advocated in this report uses both qualitative, and quantitative techniques to improve the quality of rural electricity projects. The participatory method spans a variety of well-established qualitative methods, including focus group discussions, pocket voting, and other participatory tools. Community members take an active role in project design, implementation, and evaluation, giving their preferences and opinions in all stages of the project. The survey approach is a mo re quantitative approach, involving the use of questionnaires, random samples of populations, and formal interviews. Inherent in the framework proposed by this report is the evaluation of potential project design approaches, and project impacts on all segments of the target population, including different gender, and social groups. Recommendations suggest a greater emphasis on monitoring and evaluation of socioeconomic development impacts in rural energy projects; monitoring and evaluation application over the duration of a project...

A Report on KDP Mandiri

Basri, Nurlily; Barokah, Siti; Monterio, Carolina; Beattie, Kevin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
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Indonesia’s Kecamatan Development Project (KDP) began in 1998 and is implemented through the Ministry of Home Affairs, Community Development Office (PMD). KDP aims to alleviate poverty and improve local governance. The Project provides block grants of approximately USD 56,000 to USD 111, 000 to sub-districts (kecamatan). Villagers engage in a participatory planning and decision-making process to allocate those resources for their self-defined development needs and priorities. KDP is one of the largest community development projects in Indonesia, implemented in 29 of Indonesia’s 32 provinces. Field reports state that local governments in several parts of the country have initiated KDP replication or ‘spin off’ projects funded through their own budgets. These projects purport to replicate KDP to varying degrees. The main goal of this study is to examine in greater depth ten KDP replication schemes and to assess the extent to which they adopt certain principles and programmatic features of KDP. This study is important as an initial step to gain insight into how KDP’s principles and procedures may be influencing other government development projects especially in the areas of improved governance...

Adaptation Preferences and Responses to Sea Level Rise and Land Loss Risk in Southern Louisiana: a Survey-based Analysis

Maina, Sandra
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Currently, southern Louisiana faces extreme land loss that could reach an alarming rate of about one football sized swath of land every hour. The combined effect of land subsidence and predicted sea level rise threaten the culture and livelihood of the residents living in this region. As the most vulnerable coastal population in Louisiana, the communities of south Terrebonne Parish are called to adapt by accommodating, protecting, or retreating from the impacts of climate change. For effective preparation planning, the state of Louisiana needs to 1) understand the adaptation preferences and responses of these residents and 2) involve these vulnerable communities in adaptation related decision making. The study uses a survey-based methodology to analyze current adaptation preferences. Findings suggest that protection is the preferred adaptation response. The present study additionally uses participatory techniques to develop a land loss awareness mobile application to illustrate the importance and benefits of community collaboration.

Linking Participatory Poverty Assessments to Policy and Policymaking : Experience from Vietnam

Turk, Carrie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
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The year 1999 was important for poverty-related research, and policy development in Vietnam. The General Statistics Office had collected household data in the second Vietnam Living Standards Survey in 1998, and made it available for analysis in 1999. And four participatory poverty assessments (PPAs) were implemented during 1999. The author's case study describes how government agencies, donors, and nongovernmental organizations collaborated in implementing the PPAs. The considerable amount of qualitative information about poverty produced in Vietnam over the past eight to ten years has rarely grabbed the attention of policymakers, who tend to view such information as "unscientific" and lacking in credibility. By contrast, the PPAs implemented in 1999 have been widely circulated, used, and quoted. What was different about those PPAs that led their findings to be brought into local, and national policy debates, as previous findings had not been? Working partnerships among donors, and nongovernmental organizations were important...

Bridging Diversity : Participatory Learning for Responsive Development

Salmen, Lawrence F.; Kane, Eileen
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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Today, one of the central tenets of development is the necessity for learning about and building upon stakeholders' and beneficiaries' insights, needs, culture, social organization, resources and active participation. This publication clarifies the myriad approaches to social research being used in the World Bank today. The focus is on participatory research as presently practiced and as a potential for forms of research which are not now particularly participatory. It makes a number of recommendations to enhance the utility of social research in and outside of the Bank.

Mali - A Participatory Approach to Livestock Development; Mali - Une approche participative pour le developpement de l'elevage

Metzel, Jeffrey; Menudier, N.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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The livestock sector in Mali accounts for 43 percent of cattle exports in the Sahel sub-region. However, while the sub-sector accounted for 28.6 percent of agriculture's contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), investment in it amounted to only 10.7 percent of the total budget allocation to rural development. The African Financial Community (CFA) devaluation in January 1994 increased the competitiveness of red meat from Sahelian countries (including Mali) bound for coastal importing countries (Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo). However, well before the devaluation, a major policy shift on the part of the Malian government emphasized the decentralization of political power and investment decisions. As part of this initiative, the government requested the World Bank's support on initiating a participatory process of policy formulation for the red meat sub-sector.

'Carving a new order of experience' with young people in physical education: participatory action research as a pedagogy of possibility

Enright, Eimear
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Physical Education & Sports Science Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Physical Education & Sports Science
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
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non-peer-reviewed; The purpose of this study was to work with a group of disengaged teenage girls to understand and help them transform their self-identified barriers to their physical education engagement and physical activity participation. This study was premised on a conviction that young people have unique perspectives on learning and life, that their voices warrant not only to be heard but to be acted on, and that these young people (disengaged teenage girls in this case) should be partners in any efforts at reimagining physical education. The study took place over three years in a designated disadvantaged, citycentre, girls’ school. It was framed methodologically, theoretically and philosophically by a feminist Participatory Action Research (PAR) orientation, and engaged forty-one teenage girls as co-researchers and curriculum decision makers. Participatory methods (photovoice, timelines, poster making) were used to generate data with the participants throughout this study and were supported by more traditional ethnographic techniques (participant observation and interviews/guided conversations). Five research questions guided the study: 1) What methodologies are most successful in facilitating the students in explicating their ideas about physical education and physical activity...

A Social Network Perspective on Ownership and Self-Determination in Participatory Research

Salsberg, Jonathan
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Participatory research (PR) is the co-creation of new knowledge by researchers working in equitable partnerships with those affected by the issue under study or those who will benefit from or ultimately act on its results. A core driver of PR is the self-determination of stakeholders who intend to improve their lives, health or practice through active involvement in creating the evidence they need for action. In order to foster self-determination, PR utilises strategies intended to create community ownership over the research process, particularly when the research idea originates from outside the community. However, little is understood about the range of strategies employed or how community stakeholders perceive their utility in fostering ownership. This dissertation asks the question, what processes and strategies foster engagement within a participatory project, and how have these contributed to community ownership and self-determination over the research process? First, a systematic review was undertaken to synthesise best-practice participatory engagement strategies as employed by leading PR practitioners (manuscript 1). Then using social network techniques, we examined an active community-based participatory research project to ask...

Participatory mapping in the design process of a spatial data infrastructure SDI: a case study in the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano (Honduras)

Colás, Alberto Olivares
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 01/03/2013 ENG
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Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Geospatial Technologies.; In the recent years, the major production of cartographic information and the advancement of new Information Technologies (IT's) has brought with it the need to develop new storage and management tools, making access in a simpler way either alphanumeric or vector information. Since the 60s, the processing, analysis and visualization of cartographic data has been carried out using GIS as desktop software, installed on a single computer. The advantage of this system was the possibility of combining different cartographic information thereby facilitating decision-making. The need to share data, mainly cartographic information, between agents who are working in the same area has been the basis for the creation of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) at global, national, regional ,local, or corporative level. Several resources for managing, classifying, sharing, exchanging, combining and accessing geographic data through internet connection have been developed together with the implementation of all levels of SDI's. The resources can be classified as: software for publishing cartographic data (maps servers)...

Community Advisory Boards in Community-Based Participatory Research: A Synthesis of Best Processes

Newman, Susan D.; Andrews, Jeannette O.; Magwood, Gayenell S.; Jenkins, Carolyn; Cox, Melissa J.; Williamson, Deborah C.
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2011 EN
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Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a paradigm to study and reduce disparities in health outcomes related to chronic disease. Community advisory boards (CABs) commonly formalize the academic–community partnerships that guide CBPR by providing a mechanism for community members to have representation in research activities. Researchers and funding agencies increasingly recognize the value of the community's contribution to research and acknowledge that community advisory boards are a key component of successful CBPR projects. In this article, we describe the best processes for forming, operating, and maintaining CABs for CBPR. We synthesize the literature and offer our professional experiences to guide formation, operation, and maintenance of CABs.

A Platform for Motivating Collaborative Learning Using Participatory Simulation Applications

Baloian Tataryan, Nelson; Farías, Antonio; Baytelman Pilowsky, Felipe Bruno; Zurita Alarcón, Gustavo
Fonte: Universidade do Chile Publicador: Universidade do Chile
Tipo: Artículo de revista
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Several research efforts suggest that collaborative participatory simulations improve teaching and learning, increasing motivation inside the classroom. Currently, it has been mainly applied with students of primary and secondary educational levels, leaving higher level students aside. This paper presents a platform for implementing participatory simulations, where social interactions and motivational effects are the main facilitators. An instance of this platform was implemented for medicine school undergraduate students. Its implementation is simple, lightweight, fully based on pen-based interaction, and designed to work with handhelds and tablet-PC over an ad-hoc wireless network. The platform is able to support any kind of application implementing participatory simulation based on the exchange of artifacts among the learners.; This paper was funded by Fondecyt 1050601.

Oakland University Practices, Policies and Management Structures for a Sustainable Future: A Qualitative Assessment and Framework for a Sustainability Strategic Plan

Milko, Tawnee
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 25/04/2012 EN_US
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On behalf of her client, Oakland University (OU), the author of the study, a Duke University Master of Environmental Management student and OU graduate, addressed OU sustainability strategic planning for her Masters Project. Part I: A Qualitative Assessment depicts the current status of OU environmental sustainability initiatives through a web-based Catalog of Environmental Initiatives, partial STARS Report, and Sustainability Needs Assessment. Part II: A Sustainability Strategic Plan Framework describes how the University might work toward building a culture-specific sustainability strategic plan at OU. The framework devised offers ten core action steps, which are grouped into four phases: Administrative Action, Strategic Planning, Implementation, and Percolation. Highly participatory, the framework is a marriage of bottom-up and top-down planning, coordination and implementation. The plan that emerges from it will draw its strength and working knowledge from the involvement of all campus sustainability leaders. This framework should help OU expand its ongoing energy, grassroots, and operations and infrastructural sustainability projects to include administrative policies, additional curriculum and research, and student and community outreach.


Milagres, Cleiton Silva Ferreira; Neto, José Ambrósio Ferreira; Sousa, Diego Neves de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2013 POR
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El trabajo aborda la experiencia en la etapa de elaboración del Plan de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible (PDA) del proyecto de asentamiento José dos Anjos. El proyecto de reforma agraria está ubicado en Minas Gerais. La dinámica de creación de un asentamiento rural de reforma agraria implica un proceso de organización territorial del espacio geográfico habitado por las familias, antes de la formalización de la iniciativa por parte del poder público. Así, para que se pueda satisfacer, de modo adecuado, las aspiraciones de las familias respecto del acceso a la tierra, es necesario utilizar técnicas participativas que involucren a la comunidad en el proceso de toma de decisiones acerca del planeamiento territorial del área donde van a vivir. Sin embargo, en la organización territorial y productiva del proyecto de asentamiento José dos Anjos se utilizó la cartografía social en la elaboración de los mapas de uso del suelo y ocupación productiva y social de las parcelas familiares. Los resultados obtenidos reflejan una realidad donde la participación y el protagonismo de la comunidad local permiten que su conocimiento tradicional pueda ser integrado junto al conocimiento técnico y científico en las propuestas y acciones de organización territorial de los proyectos de reforma agraria.; This paper deals with the experience in the design phase of the Sustainable Rural Development Plan (PDA) of the draft rural settlement José dos Anjos. The land reform project is located in the state of Minas Gerais...