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Conceitos jurídicos indeterminados no contexto das agências reguladoras de petróleo e gás natural: uma análise comparativa entre Estados Unidos e Brasil; Indeterminate legal precept applied by Independent Agencies of oil and gas industry: a comparative view of Brazil and USA.

Almada, Laís Palazzo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
116%
A presente dissertação explorou a aplicação de conceitos jurídicos indeterminados na indústria do petróleo e do gás natural, tecendo um comparativo entre o Brasil e os Estados Unidos da América. Por conceitos jurídicos indeterminados entendem-se aqueles que abarcam uma vasta gama de significados e, portanto, mostram-se úteis na resolução de casos complexos e de pouca previsibilidade. Para melhor compreensão deste tema no contexto da indústria de petróleo e gás, foi apresentado o Regime Regulatório Misto, vigente no Brasil desde 2010. Adicionalmente, o arcabouço regulatório vigente foi abordado, bem como a evolução da indústria de petróleo e gás natural no Brasil desde a criação da agência reguladora setorial, a ANP, em 1997. Em seguida, foram tratadas as características gerais dos contratos para exploração de hidrocarbonetos firmados nos EUA, denominados leases. Foram descritas as agências reguladoras, seus poderes e analisados o julgamento de seus atos pelos respectivos Poderes Judiciários. Foram revistas as características sobre os conceitos jurídicos indeterminados nas doutrinas internacional e nacional: flexibilidade e mutabilidade. A partir desta base analítica, a aplicação dos conceitos jurídicos indeterminados utilizados no Brasil e nos EUA na indústria do petróleo e do gás natural foi comparada. Conclui-se pela necessidade da adoção de conceitos jurídicos indeterminados para a indústria do petróleo e do gás natural em ambos os países. Ademais...

Aspectos sociais: códigos de conduta do setor de gás e petróleo; Social aspects: codes of conduct of the oil and gas industry

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.94%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos aspectos sociais. De outro, examina-se a conformidade ou falta de conformidade dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos padrões sociais de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Aspectos humanos e trabalhistas: códigos de conduta do setor de gás e petróleo; Human and labor issues: codes of conduct of the oil and gas industry

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.94%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos humanos e trabalhistas. De outro, examina-se a conformidade ou falta de conformidade dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos direitos humanos e trabalhistas de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Are joint controlled assets and jointly controlled entities similar arrangements? A case study in the oil and gas industry in Angola

Ribeiro, Joaquim Eduardo Pinto
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.8%
Mestrado em Contabilidade; This dissertation examines joint ventures of a large oil and gas group operating in Angola: it uses a case study with the aim of confirming whether their jointly controlled assets and jointly controlled entity are similar in their economic essence. We address this issue by understanding the legal and economic environment of those two types of arrangement. The results of the case study suggest that the two arrangements have legal and economic similarities, mainly due in both settings to the following: the venturer/investor held a veto power for major decisions; this veto power is bound by a written contractual mechanism; the venturer/investor has an active role in the activity of the arrangement; and the venturer/investor is implicitly obliged to fund the operations of the arrangement. The results of the case study also suggest that the accounting treatment of the joint arrangements should be discussed in conjunction with the other types of arrangement, i.e., the definition of the joint arrangements should be part of a framework for investments made by the investor in any entity.

Corporate social responsibility and Chinese oil multinationals in the oil and gas industry of Nigeria: An appraisal

Ekhator, Eghosa Osa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.02%
This article focuses on the extant corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. The oil and gas sector of Nigeria has been beset by a lot of problems not limited to violence, kidnappings, eco-terrorism, and maladministration amongst others. One way of curing the inherent problems is the use of CSR by many oil multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in Nigeria. This article focuses on the Chinese oil firms operating in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria and investigates if they operate on the same basis as the Western firms. It seeks to determine whether the variants of CSR practised by non-Western firms in Nigeria have had negative or positive impacts in the oil and gas industry especially with China’s contribution to Nigerian economy.; Este artigo aborda as práticas atuais da responsabilidade social empresarial (RSE) na indústria do petróleo e do gás na Nigéria. O sector do petróleo e do gás da Nigéria tem sido marcado por muitos problemas não limitados à violência, raptos, ecoterrorismo e má-administração, entre os outros. Uma forma de fazer face a tais problemas é o uso da RSE por muitas empresas multinacionais (MNC) petrolíferas que atuam na Nigéria. Este artigo foca as empresas chinesas de petróleo que atuam na indústria do petróleo e do gás na Nigéria e procura investigar se elas operam com as mesmas bases que as ocidentais. Este trabalho irá tentar perceber se as variantes da RSE praticadas por empresas não-ocidentais na Nigéria têm tido um impacto negativo ou positivo na indústria do petróleo e do gás...

Assessing the Economic Impact of an Oil and Gas Firm’s Head Office Relocation to Calgary, AB

Huffman, John F
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Relatório
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.83%
Corporate head offices serve as the figureheads and decision-making cores of firms. For a variety of reasons, these head offices tend to locate in major cities. Cities themselves compete to attract head offices for their presumed positive economic impact, but what is the impact? Calgary, Alberta, is Canada’s energy centre and an emerging leader in head office counts that is expected to further grow its share of Canadian corporate head offices. This report seeks to estimate the economic impact of an oil and gas (O&G) firm relocating to Calgary, AB. Based on decades of theory and using data from a variety of sources, two multipliers are calculated: the economic base multiplier and the H.C. Davis income multiplier. By applying these multipliers to data regarding head office employment and O&G industry wages, estimates of the employment and income effects of the relocation are found. The results emphasize the importance of both the O&G industry and attracting head offices to Calgary. Based on these conclusions, two key policy avenues are recommended to encourage further expansion of Calgary’s head office counts.

Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment of Oil and Gas Development in Mauritania

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.05%
The objectives of this Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) are as follows: To identify the social and environmental impacts which could be generated by oil and gas development, evaluating the scope and probability of these impacts due to increased activities in the onshore and offshore; to put forward recommendations to avoid, manage and/or attenuate these impacts; to facilitate the integration of these measures into a coherent policy and to ensure its application; and to help in capacity building and training of Government officials in the management oil and gas sector impacts, in particular the Ministries of Environment and Petroleum, Energy and Mines. It is divided into two parts. Part A contains the project background; hydrocarbon potential trend scenarios; critical environmental and social risks; and key SESA findings. Part B contains background and supporting information used in development of the SESA: Description of methodology used in the SESA; legal, regulatory and institutional framework; development trends...

Pakistan : Oil and Gas Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.03%
Substantial progess has been made in Pakistan in the restructuring and reform of the oil and gas sectors, deregulation of prices, and privatization of selected assets. The reforms have enhanced transparency, making decisionmakers aware of the various aspects of the business. This review documents the accomplishments to date, and attempts to identify measures that merit priority attention with respect to natural gas, petroleum downstream, and macroeconomic management. The report concludes that Pakistan would benefit greatly from pursuing the reform program it initiated in 2000. The remaining measures will enable the government to unlock the full indigenous resource potential to accelerate growth and improve the welfare of the population. It would release scarce public resources from the hydrocarbon sector, which could then be mobilized for other priority needs like health and education. The reform process would be greatly facilitated through consultations with stakeholders, and using international experience in oil and gas sector reform. A competitive...

Leveraging Oil and Gas Industry for the Development of a Competitive Private Sector in Uganda

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.09%
The study represents a background study for the proposed Uganda Country Economic Memorandum (CEM), which seeks to address the issue of efficient use of oil resources and examine synergies between the oil industry and the rest of the economy, through growth poles or linkages. The oil industry can help Uganda to promote robust growth in the economy. However, it is important to keep in mind that it will take a number of years until oil revenues start flowing into Uganda s economy. After the Final Investment Decision (FID) is reached, it will take time to develop the oil fields and start oil production. In the meantime, there are immediate opportunities opening up for Uganda s businesses to supply the oil industry with goods and services. In most cases, Uganda s suppliers, especially micro, small and medium enterpises (MSMEs), are not expected to become first tier contractors to the International Oil Company (IOCs). The main objective of this study is to provide recommendations to the Government of Uganda (GoU) on policies and strategies of leveraging the oil discoveries for the development of the national economy in order to transform the oil resources into sustained growth. The study reviews the typology of policies for local sourcing used in the world. It includes ample examples of other countries experiences with developing their local content policies and providing support to priority sectors to boost local content which could be useful for Uganda from the standpoint of lessons learned. The study conducts a detailed analysis of the binding constraints faced by domestic oil and gas suppliers in Uganda...

Human decision-making under uncertainty in the upstream oil and gas industry.

Mackie, Steve
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2007
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.01%
Business under-performance in the upstream oil and gas industry, and the failure of many decisions to return anticipated results, has led to a growing interest over the past few years in understanding the impacts of current decision-making tools and processes and their relationship with decision outcomes. Improving oil and gas decision-making is thus, increasingly, seen as reliant on an understanding of what types of decisions are involved and how they actually are made in the “real world”. There has been significant work carried out within the discipline of cognitive psychology, observing how people actually make decisions. However, little is known as to whether these general observations apply to decision-making in the upstream oil and gas industry. Nor has there been work on how the results might be used to improve decision-making in the industry. This research is a step towards filling this gap by developing two themes – decision-making process and decision type. It distils a “real world” oil and gas decision-making model together with a theoretical decision-making model. Comparing and contrasting the two models yields several prescriptions for improved decision-making in the upstream oil and gas industry. This research also documents the development of an oil and gas decision making taxonomy that lays a decision space within which to judge the processes of decision-making. The taxonomy builds on established ideas in the human decision-making literature...

Risk factors in oil and gas industry returns: international evidence

Ramos, Sofia B.; Veiga, Helena
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
This paper analyzes the exposure of the oil and gas industry of 34 countries to oil prices. Using a multifactor panel model to estimate the oil and gas excess stock returns, our results strongly support the view that oil price is a globally priced factor for the oil industry. In particular, the response of the oil and gas sector to changes oil prices is positive and larger for developed countries than for emerging markets. The industry response is asymmetric, with positive oil price changes having a greater impact on the oil sector returns than negative changes. Furthermore, local market index returns, currency rates and oil price volatility also have a significant impact on oil industry's excess returns. Finally, industry local sensitivities seem to vary with stock market activity and with levels of appropriation of industry revenues by governments. Results are robust to a battery of tests.

Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector

Tordo, Silvana; Warner, Michael; Manzano, Osmel E.; Anouti, Yahya
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.08%
A number of countries have recently discovered and are developing oil and gas reserves. Policy makers in such countries are anxious to obtain the greatest benefits for their economies from the extraction of these exhaustible resources by designing appropriate policies to achieve desired goals. One important theme of such policies is the so-called local content created by the sector- the extent to which the output of the extractive industry sector generates further benefits to the economy beyond the direct contribution of its value-added, through its links to other sectors. Local Content Policies (LCPs) were first introduced in the North sea in the early 1970s and ranged from restrictions on imports to direct state intervention in the oil sector. While LCPs have the potential to stimulate broad-based economic development, which is necessary to alleviate poverty and achieve the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), their application in petroleum-rich countries has achieved mixed results. This paper serves to introduce the topic by describing policies and practices meant to foster the development of economic links from the petroleum sector, as adopted by a number of petroleum-producing countries both in and outside the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The paper is organized as follows: chapter one defines local content and briefly illustrates the links between the petroleum sector and other economic sectors (where policies may be able to increase the economic benefits of the petroleum sector). An attempt is made to measure local content levels in a wide sample of petroleum-producing countries including net importers and net exporters...

Undeveloped Oil and Gas Fields in the Industrializing World : A Description of Potential International Investment Projects for the Petroleum Industry

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
Intensive exploration for oil, and gas, led to considering many discovered fields as non-commercial, which have since, not been developed. Yet, if developed, these fields could have significant economic impacts on a number of the Bank's borrowing countries. The study examines the undeveloped fields, the commercial potential, and contractual conditions under which these fields were discovered, and, in partnership with PetroConsultants, and Robertson Research, evaluates the likelihood for commercial viability. The study provides country-specific proposed changes, that if implemented, would ensure the commercial development of these otherwise marginal fields. Obviously, the private sector-oil companies would undertake commercial development, thus the study aims to assure the economic, and technical feasibility of those fields, and allow reconsideration by the industry, for development investment. Comparative data was obtained from the Study of World Wide Petroleum Contract Terms, the Africa Gas Initiative, the Gas Flare Reduction Project...

Extracting Lessons on Gender in the Oil and Gas Sector : A Survey and Analysis of the Gendered Impacts of Onshore Oil and Gas Production in Three Developing Countries

Scott, Jen; Dakin, Rose; Heller, Katherine; Eftimie, Adriana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
The oil, gas, and mining unit series publishes reviews and analyses of sector experience from around the world as well as new findings from analytical work. It places particular emphasis on how the experience and knowledge gained relates to developing country policy makers, communities affected by extractive industries, extractive industry enterprises, and civil society organizations. This paper explores the divergent experiences of women and men who live in areas that are directly affected by oil and gas development, and highlights how the industry specifically contributes to 'gender gaps' in the unequal distribution of assets and risks. Evidence from surveys and interviews with community members, company representatives, and government an official in oil-and gas-affected areas is analyzed and potential solutions are presented to reduce inequality, increase operational efficiency, reduce risks, and foster sustainable development. The paper aims to demonstrate how oil companies, policy makers, and donors...

Indonesia : Oil and Gas Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
This study attempts to provide a broad, first cut review of the most pressing issues facing the sector, and to recommend ways to ameliorate or eliminate the problems. The main problems are: 1) petroleum product prices are heavily subsidized at the aggregate level and distorted at relative levels, and thus need to be rationalized within an economic framework; 2) the functions and role of the state oil and gas company (Pertamina) are problematic, and therefore Pertamina must be fundamentally restructured to eliminate the conflicts of interest and inefficiencies; 3) some of the provisions of the production sharing contracts are relatively regressive and need to be re-evaluated with a view to maximize the contribution of the sector to the economy, and to increase upstream investment by the private sector; 4) existing laws and regulations are inadequate and must be replaced; 5) petroleum products are of poor quality and must be improved, particularly by phasing out the lead from gasoline; and 6) energy sector institutions are weak and must be strengthened. Although the issues are complex and sweeping changes are needed...

Battling corruption through csr codes in emerging markets: oil and gas industry

Costa,Ligia Maura
Fonte: Fundação Getulio Vargas/Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo Publicador: Fundação Getulio Vargas/Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.89%
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) codes of conduct are an effective mechanism for integrating responsible economic practices against corruption. This study intends to corroborate this assertion by means of a comparative analysis of CSR codes of conduct of major oil and gas companies operating in emerging markets. In this paper, we examine how oil and gas companies respond to corruption in their CSR codes of conduct. Further, we examine the provisions related to corruption issues embodied in international conventions and guidelines and the norms or standards of oil and gas associations, NGOs and international and multilateral organizations. In the final analysis, we access the extent to which provisions included in oil and gas companies' CSR codes of conduct are consistent with the current international context.

State Stormwater Policy Overview for the Oil and Gas Industry

Ediger, Anna
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 25/04/2014 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.89%
Expansion of the natural gas industry has focused attention on the environmental impacts associated with its extraction and production, including potential surface water degradation through the pathway of stormwater. Effective policies, demonstrated in part by strong regulation coupled with robust enforcement, aid in mitigation of environmental impacts. For the oil and gas sector, primary oversight of stormwater management is focused at the state level due to industry exemptions from federal statutes. This report investigates how ten states have crafted regulations in absence of federal policy. It provides a qualitative analysis of disparities amongst states and provides considerations for policy amendments. The regulatory review is complemented by an exploration of the Pennsylvania and Colorado enforcement programs, where frequency of enforcement actions, penalty assessments, and types of violations are investigated. Findings show that both states face challenges in designing enforcement programs that effectively influence compliance. The regulatory and enforcement pieces are synthesized through a discussion of the difference in these policy tools and how that is specifically characterized in the case study of oil and gas stormwater regulations. The study concludes that states can best prioritize resources by focusing attention on designing effective regulations. Still...

State Stormwater Policy Overview for the Oil and Gas Industry

Ediger, Anna
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 25/04/2014 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.89%
Expansion of the natural gas industry has focused attention on the environmental impacts associated with its extraction and production, including potential surface water degradation through the pathway of stormwater. Effective policies, demonstrated in part by strong regulation coupled with robust enforcement, aid in mitigation of environmental impacts. For the oil and gas sector, primary oversight of stormwater management is focused at the state level due to industry exemptions from federal statutes. This report investigates how ten states have crafted regulations in absence of federal policy. It provides a qualitative analysis of disparities amongst states and provides considerations for policy amendments. The regulatory review is complemented by an exploration of the Pennsylvania and Colorado enforcement programs, where frequency of enforcement actions, penalty assessments, and types of violations are investigated. Findings show that both states face challenges in designing enforcement programs that effectively influence compliance. The regulatory and enforcement pieces are synthesized through a discussion of the difference in these policy tools and how that is specifically characterized in the case study of oil and gas stormwater regulations. The study concludes that states can best prioritize resources by focusing attention on designing effective regulations. Still...

Concentration trends in the Gulf of Mexico oil and gas industry

Mason, Charles F.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.83%
In this paper, I evaluate patterns of concentration in the Gulf of Mexico oil and gas industry, one of the most important sectors for US production over the past few decades. In the 1990s, production in the Gulf was quite concentrated, and was dominated by large oil companies. But over the past decade or so this concentration has eroded, with recent levels consistent with an unconcentrated industry. These patterns apply for drilling and leasing as well, and are relevant to both shallow and deep water. The overall picture is an industry with strong competition for leases, drilling and production.

Corporate Social Responsibility and Chinese Oil Multinationals in the Oil and Gas Industry of Nigeria: An appraisal

Ekhator,Eghosa Osa
Fonte: Centro de Estudos Internacionais Publicador: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
106%
This article focuses on the extant corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. The oil and gas sector of Nigeria has been beset by a lot of problems not limited to violence, kidnappings, eco-terrorism, and maladministration amongst others. One way of curing the inherent problems is the use of CSR by many oil multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in Nigeria. This article focuses on the Chinese oil firms operating in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria and investigates if they operate on the same basis as the Western firms. It seeks to determine whether the variants of CSR practised by non-Western firms in Nigeria have had negative or positive impacts in the oil and gas industry especially with China’s contribution to Nigerian economy.