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Nutritional and metabolic status of HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy during one year of follow-up

ANJOS, Eloísa Marchi dos; PFRIMER, Karina; MACHADO, Alcyone Artioli; CUNHA, Selma Freire de Carvalho; SALOMÃO, Roberta Garcia; MONTEIRO, Jacqueline Pontes
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to compare changes in lipid metabolism and nutritional status after either 6 and 12 months of follow-up in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome after traditional lifestyle therapy with or without fibric acid analogue intervention (bezafibrate and clofibrate). METHODS: Food intake, alterations in body composition and metabolic abnormalities were assessed in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome at the beginning of the study. The nutritional status and metabolic alterations of the subjects were monitored, and the subjects received nutritional counseling each time they were seen. The subjects were monitored either two times over a period no longer than six months (Group A; n = 18) or three times over a period of at least 12 months (Group B; n = 35). All of the subjects underwent nutrition counseling that was based on behavior modification. The fibric acid analogue was only given to patients with serum triglyceride levels above 400 mg/dL. RESULTS: After six months of follow-up, Group A showed no alterations in the experimental parameters. After twelve months, there was a decrease in serum triglyceride levels (410.4 ± 235.5 vs. 307.7 ± 150.5 mg/dL, p< 0.05) and an increase in both HDLc levels (37.9±36.6 vs. 44.9 ±27.9 mg/dL...

Nutritional Status of Zinc in Children with Down Syndrome

LIMA, Adriana S.; CARDOSO, Barbara R.; COZZOLINO, Silvia F.
Fonte: HUMANA PRESS INC Publicador: HUMANA PRESS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Experimental and clinical studies have established that zinc metabolism is altered in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The present study intends to evaluate the nutritional status of zinc in children with DS by determining their biochemical and dietary parameters. The investigation was carried out on a group of children with DS (n = 35) and compared with a control group (n = 33), both aging between 4 and 11 years. Weight-for-age, height-for-age, and weight-for-height indexes and diet were evaluated by using a 3-day dietary record. Zinc was evaluated in plasma, erythrocytes, and 24-h urine collection by using the method of atomic absorption spectroscopy. The frequency of short stature was higher in children with DS. Both groups presented high protein content, adequate concentrations of lipids and carbohydrates, and deficit in calories. Adequate zinc intake was observed in 40% of children with DS and in 67% of the control group. Zinc concentrations were significantly lower in plasma and urine and higher in erythrocytes of children with DS. The results allowed us to conclude that the altered zinc nutritional status of individuals with Down syndrome contributes to clinical disturbances that usually appear with aging in these patients.

Challenges of nutritional assessment in pediatric ICU

FEFERBAUM, Rubens; DELGADO, Artur F.; ZAMBERLAN, Patricia; LEONE, Claudio
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Purpose of review The nutritional assessment of children in the pediatric ICU is unique in view of the metabolic changes of the underlying disease. This review addresses the use and limitations of anthropometry and laboratorial and body composition markers in the diagnosis of the nutritional status of such patients. Recent findings The presence of inflammatory activity leads to body composition changes (lean mass reduction) and undernutrition. Nutritional assessment in pediatric ICU must prioritize anthropometric and laboratory markers that can differentiate body composition to detect specific macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies and assessment of the inflammatory activity. Summary Nutritional assessment is one of the main aspects of the pediatric intensive care patient and is the most important tool to avoid hospital undernutrition. There is currently no gold standard for nutritional assessment in the pediatric ICU. The results of anthropometric and laboratory markers must be jointly analyzed, but individually interpreted according to disease and metabolic changes, in order to reach a correct diagnosis of the nutritional status and to plan and monitor the nutritional treatment.

Complementarity of Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) for predicting poor clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients

RASLAN, Mariana; GONZALEZ, Maria Cristina; TORRINHAS, Raquel Suzana M. M.; RAVACCI, Graziela Rosa; PEREIRA, Julio C. R.; WAITZBERG, Dan L.
Fonte: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE Publicador: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Background & aims: We evaluated the ability of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) to predict malnutrition related to poor clinical outcomes. Methods: We assessed 705 patients at a public university hospital within 48 h of admission. Logistic regression and number needed to screen (NNS) were calculated to test the complementarity between the tools and their ability to predict very long length of hospital stay (VLLOS), complications, and death. Results: Of the patients screened, 27.9% were at nutritional risk (NRS+) and 38.9% were malnourished (SGA B or C). Compared to those patients not at nutritional risk, NRS+, SGA B or C patients were at increased risk for complications (p = 0.03, 0.02, and 0.003, respectively). NRS+ patients had an increased risk of death (p = 0.03), and SGA B and C patients had an increased likelihood of VLLOS (p = 0.008 and p < 0.0001, respectively). Patients who were both NRS+ and SGA C had lower estimates of NNS than patients who were NRS+ or SGA C only, though their confidence intervals did overlap. Conclusions: The concurrent application of SGA in NRS+ patients might enhance the ability to predict poor clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients in Brazil. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)[2007/58049-4]

Perfil nutricional de crianças e adolescentes portadores de HIV em acompanhamento ambulatorial; Nutritional profile of HIV-infected children and adolescents assisted on outpatient service

Reis, Lígia Cardoso dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/09/2008 PT
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36.11%
Introdução - Deficiências nutricionais derivadas da infecção por HIV são mais severas em crianças em relação aos adultos. Assim, a população pediátrica HIV+ necessita de adequado monitoramento nutricional a fim de direcionar a terapia e garantir melhor qualidade de vida. Objetivo - Caracterizar o perfil nutricional de crianças e adolescentes HIV+ em acompanhamento ambulatorial, segundo antropometria, análise da composição corporal por bioimpedância (BIA) e exames bioquímicos, e avaliar a relação das características nutricionais com o tempo e tipo de terapia medicamentosa. Métodos - Estudo descritivo do tipo transversal, em que 119 pacientes de 6 a 19 anos foram submetidos a antropometria (peso, altura, circunferência da cintura, pregas cutâneas tricipital e subescapular) e análise da composição corporal por BIA. Também foi realizada entrevista com o responsável pelo paciente para avaliação de fatores sócio-demográficos, obstétricos e clínicos. Para definição do histórico clínico e laboratorial, os prontuários foram analisados para obtenção da data do diagnóstico, esquema medicamentoso adotado nos últimos três anos e resultados de exames bioquímicos. Resultados - A avaliação da composição corporal por BIA foi capaz de identificar excesso de gordura corporal total em 30% das meninas e 26% dos meninos. Em contrapartida...

O uso de indicadores antropométricos na avaliação nutricional seqüencial de crianças e adolescentes gravemente doentes internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva; The use of anthropometric indicators in the nutritional sequential assessment of critically ill children and adolescents admitted to an intensive care unit

Santos, Patricia Zamberlan dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos, a subnutrição ainda permanece muito prevalente nas unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica (UTIP). Crianças gravemente doentes apresentam maior risco nutricional devido às modificações no metabolismo intermediário, ocasionadas pelo estresse, e que se caracterizam por aumento da taxa metabólica basal e intenso catabolismo protéico. Estudos mostram que uma intervenção precoce, indicada com base em avaliação nutricional, pode prevenir a subnutrição, bem como, minimizar suas complicações. A avaliação nutricional antropométrica (ANA) de crianças e adolescentes em estado grave é particularmente difícil, e a discussão sobre a sua efetividade torna importante um estudo sobre a utilização de indicadores antropométricos nestes pacientes. Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo para classificar lactentes, pré-escolares, escolares e adolescentes segundo o seu estado nutricional à admissão e durante a internação em UTIP de nível de atendimento terciário, por intermédio de indicadores antropométricos. Foram avaliados 256 pacientes no período de janeiro de 2005 a janeiro de 2006, admitidos na UTIP do Instituto da Criança do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. A ANA foi realizada nas primeiras 24 horas de admissão e repetida semanalmente até a alta da UTIP e contemplou peso (P)...

Caracterização de determinantes genéticos envolvidos na qualidade industrial e nutricional do fruto de tomate; Characterization of genetic determinants involved in industrial and nutritional quality of tomato fruit

Salazar, Luisa Fernanda Bermúdez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
A presente tese aborda o estudo do metabolismo dos frutos de tomate a partir de três estratégias complementares: i) a identificação de genes candidatos colocalizados com QTL, previamente descritos a partir do perfil metabólico de S. lycopersicum (cv. M82) e linhagens introgredidas de S. pennellii, associados ao conteúdo de metabólitos de interesse industrial e nutricional; ii) a análise estrutural das regiões genômicas portadoras desses genes; e iii) a análise funcional dos genes chaperona DnaJ e sec14 por meio de genética reversa mediante o silenciamento por RNAi. A análise de marcadores moleculares previamente mapeados nas regiões portadoras dos QTL permitiu identificar 127 genes candidatos cujos produtos foram mapeados nas rotas metabólicas correspondentes. Um subgrupo desses genes apresentou diferenças alélicas entre os progenitores da população utilizada para a identificação dos QTL. A análise de microssintenia revelou um alto grau de conservação na estrutura genômica, apresentando polimorfismos nas regiões codificantes e regulatórias, assim como no padrão de inserção de elementos de transposição. Baseado nessas diferenças, análises de expressão e funcionalidade putativa, dois genes foram escolhidos para a análise funcional utilizando a estratégia de RNA de interferência. Os resultados obtidos da avaliação fenotípica das plantas deficientes em chaperona DnaJ permitiram concluir que esta proteína...

Resposta inflamatória sistêmica e alterações no metabolismo lipídico em crianças e adolescentes gravemente doentes; Systemic inflammatory response and changes in lipid metabolism in critically ill children and adolescents

Bermudes, Ana Carolina Gouvêa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Introdução: Durante a síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica acontecem importantes alterações no metabolismo lipídico. Estas alterações são descritas nos pacientes adultos com sepse grave, porém o perfil lipídico no paciente pediátrico gravemente doente é pouco conhecido. Além disso, nos pacientes gravemente doentes baixas concentrações de colesterol foram associadas a maior gravidade da doença e aumento na mortalidade. Objetivos: Avaliar a relação entre a intensidade da reposta inflamatória e alterações no perfil lipídico em crianças e adolescentes gravemente doentes à admissão na UTI e se estas alterações se atenuam à medida que há resolução do processo inflamatório. Métodos: Analisamos o perfil lipídico de 40 pacientes com SIRS/sepse admitidos numa UTI Pediátrica de nível I. A Proteína C Reativa (PCR) foi utilizada para caracterizar resposta inflamatória. Mensuramos os níveis séricos de triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol total (CT), lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL) e apolipoproteínas à admissão e no sétimo dia de internação. Utilizamos um grupo controle de 42 pacientes pediátricos avaliados no pronto socorro que não apresentavam sinais de sepse. Foi utilizado o Pediatric Risk of Mortality Score nos pacientes admitidos na UTI e realizada avaliação nutricional nos dois grupos. Resultados: As concentrações de PCR apresentaram-se bastante elevadas no 1º dia do estudo e tiveram uma redução significativa durante a evolução. Os pacientes internados na UTI tiveram níveis significativamente mais baixos de CT...

Nutritional stress enhances cell viability of odontoblast-like cells subjected to low level laser irradiation

Tagliani, M. M.; Oliveira, C. F.; Lins, E. M. M.; Kurachi, C.; Hebling, Josimeri; Bagnato, V. S.; de Souza Costa, C. A.
Fonte: Astro Ltd Publicador: Astro Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 247-251
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 07/50646-3; Processo FAPESP: 08/08424-6; Processo FAPESP: 08/54785-0; In spite of knowing that cells tinder stress are biostimulated by low level laser (LLL) irradiation, the ideal condition of stress to different cell lines has not yet been established. Consequently, the aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of a defined parameter of LLL irradiation applied on stressed odontoblast-like pulp cells (MDPC-23). The cells were seeded (12500 cells/cm(2)) in wells of 24-well plates using complete culture medium (DMEM) and incubated for 24 hours. Then, the DMEM was replaced by a new medium with low concentrations (nutritional stress condition) of fetal bovine serum (FBS) giving rise to the following experimental groups: G1: 2% FBS; G2: 5% FBS; and G3: 10% FBS. The cells were irradiated three times with LLL in specific parameters (808 +/- 3 nm, 100 mW, 1.5 J/cm(2)) every 24 hours. No irradiation was carried out in groups G4 (2% FBS-Control), G5 (5% FBS-Control), and G6 (10% FBS-Control). For all groups, the cell metabolism (MTT assay) and morphology (SEM) was evaluated. The experimental groups showed enhanced cell metabolism and normal cell morphology regardless of FBS concentration. A slight increase in the cell metabolism was observed only in group G2. It was concluded that cell nutritional stress caused by reducing the concentration of FBS to 5% is the most suitable method to assess the biostimulation of LLL irradiated MDPC-23 cells.[GRAPHICS]MDPC-23 cells adhered to the glass substrate exhibited a spindle-shaped morphology and some mitosis were observed (arrows); SEM x500 (C) 2010 by Astro Ltd. Published exclusively by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

High cholesterol intake modifies chylomicron metabolism in normolipidemic young men

César, Thais B.; Oliveira, Maria Rita M.; Mesquita, Carlos H.; Maranhão, Raul C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 971-976
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Whether the consumption of egg yolk, which has a very high cholesterol content without excess saturated fats, has deleterious effects on lipid metabolism is controversial. Absorbed dietary cholesterol enters the bloodstream as chylomicrons, but the effects of regular consumption of large amounts of cholesterol on the metabolism of this lipoprotein have not been explored even though the accumulation of chylomicron remnants is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the effects of high dietary cholesterol on chylomicron metabolism in normolipidemic, healthy young men. The plasma kinetics of a chylomicron-like emulsion, doubly-labeled with 14C-cholesteryl ester ( 14C-CE) and 3H-triolein ( 3H-TG) were assessed in 25 men (17-22 y old, BMI 24.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2). One group (n = 13) consumed 174 ± 41 mg cholesterol/d and no egg yolk. The other group (n = 12) consumed 3 whole eggs/d for a total cholesterol intake of 804 ± 40 mg/d. The nutritional composition of diets was the same for both groups, including total lipids and saturated fat, which comprised 25 and 7%, respectively, of energy intake. Serum LDL and HDL cholesterol and apoprotein B concentrations were higher in the group consuming the high-cholesterol diet (P < 0.05)...

BIOCHEMICAL NUTRITIONAL PROFILE OF LIVER CIRRHOSIS PATIENTS WITH HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA

PORT,Gabriela Zanatta; OLIVEIRA,Kalinca; SOLDERA,Jonathan; TOVO,Cristiane Valle
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
Context Liver cirrhosis patients with hepatocellular carcinoma present nutritional alterations and metabolic disorders that negatively impact the prognosis. Objective The objective is to identify alterations in the metabolism of macro and micronutrients among liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma and their relation to the Child-Turcote-Pugh score and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging. Methods Analytical transversal study, with 31 hepatocellular carcinoma patients and 48 liver cirrhosis patients. Laboratorial exams were carried out. The existence of an association between the biochemical parameters and the disease severity as well as the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma was assessed. Results The metabolic-nutritional profile of liver cirrhosis patients caused by the hepatitis C virus and hepatocellular carcinoma showed alterations, specifically the lipid (total cholesterol, HDL and triglycerides), protein (albumin, creatinine and uric acid), iron (transferrin, iron and ferritin saturation), hematocrit and hemoglobin, zinc and B12 vitamin profiles. There is a relation between nutritional biochemical markers and the Child-Turcote-Pugh, as well as Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging. Conclusions Considering the existence of alterations in the metabolism of nutrients in liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma...

Nutritional and metabolic status of HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy during one year of follow-up

Anjos,Eloísa Marchi dos; Pfrimer,Karina; Machado,Alcyone Artioli; Cunha,Selma Freire de Carvalho; Salomão,Roberta Garcia; Monteiro,Jacqueline Pontes
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to compare changes in lipid metabolism and nutritional status after either 6 and 12 months of follow-up in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome after traditional lifestyle therapy with or without fibric acid analogue intervention (bezafibrate and clofibrate). METHODS: Food intake, alterations in body composition and metabolic abnormalities were assessed in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome at the beginning of the study. The nutritional status and metabolic alterations of the subjects were monitored, and the subjects received nutritional counseling each time they were seen. The subjects were monitored either two times over a period no longer than six months (Group A; n = 18) or three times over a period of at least 12 months (Group B; n = 35). All of the subjects underwent nutrition counseling that was based on behavior modification. The fibric acid analogue was only given to patients with serum triglyceride levels above 400 mg/dL. RESULTS: After six months of follow-up, Group A showed no alterations in the experimental parameters. After twelve months, there was a decrease in serum triglyceride levels (410.4 ± 235.5 vs. 307.7 ± 150.5 mg/dL, p< 0.05) and an increase in both HDLc levels (37.9±36.6 vs. 44.9 ±27.9 mg/dL...

Icodextrin Improves the Serum Potassium Profile with the Enhancement of Nutritional Status in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Yi, Joo-Hark; Park, Jae-Il; Choi, Hoon-Young; Lee, Ho-Yung; Han, Sang-Woong; Kim, Ho-Jung
Fonte: The Korean Society of Electrolyte Metabolism Publicador: The Korean Society of Electrolyte Metabolism
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
The impact of glucose-free icodextrin (ID) for overnight dwell as compared to conventional glucose-containing dialysate (GD) on potassium (K+) metabolism in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients has not yet been investigated. Serum K+ in a total of 255 stable patients (116 on GD and 139 on ID) on CAPD for more than 6 months and in 139 patients on ID before and after ID use (Pre-ID and Post-ID) were observed along with nutritional markers in a 2-year study period (Jan. 2006 to Dec. 2007). The prevalence of hypokalemia was similar between patients on GD and ID (16.7% vs 17.3%), but was lower on Post-ID than Pre-ID (17.3% vs 20.5%) without statistic significance. The mean serum K+ level was higher on ID than on GD (P<0.05) as well as Post-ID than Pre-ID (P<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, serum K+ levels were positively correlated with serum albumin, and creatinine in all patients (P<0.05), and ID-use in younger patients (age≤56, P<0.001). Serum albumin, creatinine, total CO2, and body mass index were significantly higher on Post-ID than Pre-ID. Icodextrin dialysate for chronic overnight dwell could increase serum K+ levels and lower the prevalence of hypokalemia compared to conventional glucose-containing dialysate. The improved chronic K+ balance in CAPD patients on icodextrin could be related to enhanced nutritional status rather than its impact on acute intracellular K+ redistribution.

Biomarkers of One-Carbon Metabolism Are Associated with Biomarkers of Inflammation in Women123

Abbenhardt, Clare; Miller, Joshua W.; Song, Xiaoling; Brown, Elissa C.; Cheng, Ting-Yuan David; Wener, Mark H.; Zheng, Yingye; Toriola, Adetunji T.; Neuhouser, Marian L.; Beresford, Shirley A. A.; Makar, Karen W.; Bailey, Lynn B.; Maneval, David R.; Green
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism is essential for DNA synthesis, repair, and methylation. Perturbations in one-carbon metabolism have been implicated in increased risk of some cancers and may also affect inflammatory processes. We investigated these interrelated pathways to understand their relation. The objective was to explore associations between inflammation and biomarkers of nutritional status and one-carbon metabolism. In a cross-sectional study in 1976 women selected from the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study, plasma vitamin B-6 [pyridoxal-5′-phosphate (PLP)], plasma vitamin B-12, plasma folate, and RBC folate were measured as nutritional biomarkers; serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) were measured as biomarkers of inflammation; and homocysteine and cysteine were measured as integrated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism. Student’s t, chi-square, and Spearman rank correlations, along with multiple linear regressions, were used to explore relations between biomarkers; additionally, we tested stratification by folic acid fortification period and multivitamin use. With the use of univariate analysis, plasma PLP was the only nutritional biomarker that was modestly significantly correlated with serum CRP and SAA (ρ = −0.22 and −0.12...

MÉTODOS ATUAIS DE INVESTIGAÇÃO DO METABOLISMO PROTÉICO: ASPECTOS BÁSICOS E ESTUDOS EXPERIMENTAIS E CLÍNICOS; PROTEIN METABOLISM INVESTIGATION: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS

Marchini, Júlio Sérgio; Moriguti, Júlio C.; Padovan, Gilberto J.; Nonino, Carla B.; Vianna, Silviane Maria Luna; Oliveira, José Eduardo Dutra de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/03/1998 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
Os métodos de investigação do metabolismo protéico no homem, de uso clínico, incluem desde a avaliação da proteína ingerida até a determinação específica da capacidade de síntese protéica total. Na presente revisão, são discutidos aspectos práticos relacionados ao: teor protéico, digestibilidade e composição, em aminoácidos, de alimentos; excreção urinária de produtos nitrogenados; balanço nitrogenado; nível de aminoácidos plasmáticos; níveis de substâncias específicas, relacionadas ao metabolismo protéico, incluindo técnicas de biologia molecular; e, por fim, determinação da taxa corpórea de síntese protéica. O método a ser utilizado e/ou recomendado vai variar de acordo com as necessidades e objetivos específicos de cada situação clínica. A avaliação da ingestão protéica, sua correlação com o estado geral do paciente, bem como a forma de oferta, resultam em melhora da qualidade geral do atendimento médico, bem como beneficiam a própria recuperação do paciente.; The clinical protein metabolism investigation is related to evaluation that ranges from a diet protein intake to muscle protein synthesis. This review paper intent to summarize the following protein metabolism aspects: protein intake; amino acid diet composition; nitrogen urine excretion and nitrogen balance; plasma levels of amino acids and proteins and whole body protein synthesis. The method may change according to specific objective. The nutritional patient evaluation...

Nutritional and metabolic status of HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy during one year of follow-up

Anjos, Eloísa Marchi dos; Pfrimer, Karina; Machado, Alcyone Artioli; Cunha, Selma Freire de Carvalho; Salomão, Roberta Garcia; Monteiro, Jacqueline Pontes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to compare changes in lipid metabolism and nutritional status after either 6 and 12 months of follow-up in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome after traditional lifestyle therapy with or without fibric acid analogue intervention (bezafibrate and clofibrate). METHODS: Food intake, alterations in body composition and metabolic abnormalities were assessed in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome at the beginning of the study. The nutritional status and metabolic alterations of the subjects were monitored, and the subjects received nutritional counseling each time they were seen. The subjects were monitored either two times over a period no longer than six months (Group A; n = 18) or three times over a period of at least 12 months (Group B; n = 35). All of the subjects underwent nutrition counseling that was based on behavior modification. The fibric acid analogue was only given to patients with serum triglyceride levels above 400 mg/dL. RESULTS: After six months of follow-up, Group A showed no alterations in the experimental parameters. After twelve months, there was a decrease in serum triglyceride levels (410.4 ± 235.5 vs. 307.7 ± 150.5 mg/dL, p< 0.05) and an increase in both HDLc levels (37.9±36.6 vs. 44.9 ±27.9 mg/dL...

Association between nutritional status and arsenicosis due to chronic arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

Milton, Abdul; Hasan, Ziaul; Shahidullah, S M; Sharmin, Sinthia; Jakariya, M; Rahman, Mohammad; Dear, Keith; Smith, Wayne T
Fonte: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
The role of nutritional factors in arsenic metabolism and toxicity is not clear. Provision of certain low protein diets resulted in decreased excretion of DMA and increased tissue retention of arsenic in experimental studies. This paper reports a prevalence comparison study conducted in Bangladesh to assess the nutritional status among the chronic arsenic exposed and unexposed population. 138 exposed individuals diagnosed as arsenicosis patients were selected from three known arsenic endemic villages of Bangladesh and age, sex matched 144 unexposed subjects were randomly selected from three arsenic free villages. The mean arsenic concentration in drinking water for the exposed and unexposed population was 641.15 and 13.5 μg L-1 respectively. Body Mass Index was found to be lower than 18.5, the cut off point for malnutrition, in 57 (41.31%) out of 138 exposed arsenicosis cases and 31 (21.53%) out of 144 unexposed individuals. The crude prevalence ratio (or risk) was 1.92 (95% CI = 1.33-2.78) for poor nutritional status among the arsenicosis cases compared to the unexposed population. The findings of this study add to the evidence that poor nutritional status may increase an individual's susceptibility to chronic arsenic toxicity, or alternatively that arsenicosis may contribute to poor nutritional status.

Burns, metabolism and nutritional requirements

Mendonça Machado,N.; Gragnani,A.; Masako Ferreira,L.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 ENG
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36.28%
Objectives: To review the nutritional evaluation in burned patient, considering the literature descriptions of nutritional evaluation and energy requirements of these patients. Introduction: Thermal injury is the traumatic event with the highest metabolic response in critically ill patients. Various mathematical formulas have been developed to estimate nutritional requirements in burned patient. Indirect Calorimetry is the only method considered gold standard for measuring caloric expenditure. Methods: A survey of the literature and data was collected based on official data bases, LILACS, EMBASE and PubMed. Results: The metabolic changes involved in hypermetabolism are designed to supply energy to support immune function, brain activity, wound healing, and preservation of body tissues. Body weight is considered the easiest indicator and perhaps the best to assess the nutritional status. The most common formulas utilized in these patients are the Curreri, Pennisi, Schofield, Ireton-Jones, Harris-Benedict and the ASPEN recommendations. For children is the Mayes and World Health Organization formula. The majority of mathematical formulas overestimate the nutritional needs. The regular use of Indirect Calorimetry supplies adequate nutritional support to the burn patient. Discussion: The traditional nutritional evaluation considers anthropometry...

Changes on metabolic parameters induced by acute cannabinoid administration (CBD, THC) in a rat experimental model of nutritional vitamin A deficiency

El Amrani,Loubna; Porres,Jesus M.; Merzouki,Abderrahmane; Louktibi,Abdelaziz; Aranda,Pilar; Lopez-Jurado,María; Urbano,Gloria
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2013 ENG
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36.24%
Introduction: Vitamin A deficiency can result from malnutrition, malabsorption of vitamin A, impaired vitamin metabolism associated with liver disease, or chronic debilitating diseases like HIV infection or cancer. Background & aims: Cannabis administration has been described as a palliative symptom management therapy in such pathological stages. Therefore, this research aimed to study the effects of acute administration of cannabidiol (CBD) or thetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on the levels of retinol in plasma and in the liver, and biochemical parameters related to lipid and glucose metabolism (cholesterolaemia, triglyceridemia and glycemia) in a rat experimental model of vitamin A deficiency. Methods: The experimental animal model of Vitamin A deficiency was developed during a 50-day experimental period in which rats consumed a vitamin A-free diet. Cannabidiol (10 mg/kg body weight) or thetrahydrocannabinol (5 mg/kg body weight) were administered intraperitoneally 2 hours prior to sacrifice of the animals. Results: The nutritional deficiency caused a significant decrease in plasmatic and liver contents of retinol and biochemical parameters of glycemic, lipidic, and mineral metabolism. Acute intraperitoneal administration of Cannabidiol and thetrahydrocannabinol did not improve the indices of vitamin A status in either control or vitamin A-deficient rats. However...

Guidelines for specialized nutritional and metabolic support in the critically-ill patient: Update. Consensus SEMICYUC-SENPE: Introduction and methodology

Mesejo,A.; Vaquerizo Alonso,C.; Acosta Escribano,J.; Ortiz Leiba,C.; Montejo González,J.C.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2011 ENG
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The Recommendations for Specialized Nutritional Support in Critically-Ill patients were drafted by the Metabolism and Nutrition Working Group of the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC) in 2005. Given the time elapsed since then, these recommendations have been reviewed and updated as a Consensus Document in collaboration with the Spanish Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (SENPE). The primary aim of these Recommendations was to evaluate the best available scientific evidence for the indications of specialized nutritional and metabolic support in critically-ill patients. The Recommendations have been formulated by an expert panel with broad experience in nutritional and metabolic support in critically-ill patients and were drafted between October 2009 and March 2011. The studies analyzed encompassed metaanalyses, randomized clinical trials, observational studies, systematic reviews and updates relating to critically-ill adults in MEDLINE from 1966 to 2010, EMBASE reviews from 1991 to 2010 and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews up to 2010. The methodological criteria selected were those established in the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and the Agency for Health Care policy and Research...