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Multilevel analysis of hepatitis A infection in children and adolescents: a household survey in the Northeast and Central-west regions of Brazil

XIMENES, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar; MARTELLI, Celina Maria Turchi; MERCHAN-HAMANN, Edgar; MONTARROYOS, Ulisses Ramos; BRAGA, Maria Cynthia; LIMA, Maria Luiza Carvalho de; CARDOSO, Maria Regina Alves; TURCHI, Marilia Dalva; COSTA, Marcelo Abrahao; ALENCAR,
Fonte: OXFORD UNIV PRESS Publicador: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Background The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis A among children and adolescents from the Northeast and Midwest regions and the Federal District of Brazil and to identify individual-, household- and area-levels factors associated with hepatitis A infection. Methods This population-based survey was conducted in 20042005 and covered individuals aged between 5 and 19 years. A stratified multistage cluster sampling technique with probability proportional to size was used to select 1937 individuals aged between 5 and 19 years living in the Federal capital and in the State capitals of 12 states in the study regions. The sample was stratified according to age (59 and 10- to 19-years-old) and capital within each region. Individual- and household-level data were collected by interview at the home of the individual. Variables related to the area were retrieved from census tract data. The outcome was total antibodies to hepatitis A virus detected using commercial EIA. The age distribution of the susceptible population was estimated using a simple catalytic model. The associations between HAV infection and independent variables were assessed using the odds ratio and corrected for the random design effect and sampling weight. Multilevel analysis was performed by GLLAMM using Stata 9.2. Results The prevalence of hepatitis A infection in the 59 and 1019 age-group was 41.5 and 57.4...

Transtornos mentais comuns e contexto social: análise multinível do "São Paulo ageing and health study (SPAH); Common mental disorders and social context: Multilevel analysis of "São Paulo ageing and health study (SPAH)"

Coutinho, Letícia Maria Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
INTRODUÇÃO: Problemas de saúde mental são responsáveis por uma morbidade significativa em todo o mundo, por sua frequência e pela associação com comorbidades físicas, níveis de incapacitação e prejuízo na qualidade de vida de portadores e cuidadores. A ocorrência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) é influenciada por fatores biológicos, sociais, econômicos e demográficos. O contexto social pode ter papel importante na etiologia dos transtornos mentais e na sua prevalência. OBJETIVOS: Investigar fatores de risco que contribuem para a prevalência, incidência e prognóstico de TMC em população de baixa renda da cidade de São Paulo, considerando distintos níveis contextuais: indivíduo, domicílio e setor censitário. MÉTODO: O presente estudo utilizou dados da investigação longitudinal de base populacional "São Paulo Ageing & Health Study" (SPAH). Os indivíduos selecionados eram residentes em domicílios em que houvesse pelo menos dois participantes do estudo com avaliação para presença de TMC, identificada pelo instrumento Self Reporting Questionaire (SRQ-20). Foram avaliadas as associações independentes entre TMC e características sociodemográficas e dos domicílios dos participantes, através de modelos de regressão logística multinível...

Análise multinível da cobertura vacinal no Município de São Paulo; Multilevel analysis of immunization coverage in São Paulo City

Ribeiro, Manoel Carlos Sampaio de Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/08/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Vigilância Epidemiológica, é a forma através do qual o SUS busca produzir impacto em termos de controle, eliminação e até erradicação de um conjunto definido de doenças imunopreveníveis. O PNI tem conseguindo bons resultados em termos de cobertura vacinais e controle de importantes doenças, embora ainda com importantes desigualdades regionais e locais. Este estudo busca conhecer os fatores que determinam a efetividade deste programa no município de São Paulo a partir de uma análise mutinível. MÉTODO: Em 2002 o Depto. de Medicina Social da FCMSCSP realizou o Inquérito de Cobertura Vacinal no primeiro ano de vida para a coorte de nascidos entre 1º de novembro de 1999 e 31 de outubro de 2000 residentes no município de São Paulo. Este inquérito domiciliar se baseou no processo de amostragem por conglomerado preconizado pela OPAS. Em cada um dos 41 Distritos de Saúde (DS) foi calculada uma amostra de 210 crianças, num total de 8610 crianças. A importância de variáveis grupais e individuais em relação a cobertura vacinal para esquema completo em crianças com um ano de idade e a participação no Dia Nacional de Vacinação (25/08/2001) foi investigada através de um modelo multinível logístico. Foram estabelecidos nesta análise três níveis: individual...

Factors associated with hospital mortality in Rio Grande do Sul SUS network in 2005 : application of a multilevel model

Gomes, Andrea Silveira; Kluck, Mariza Machado; Fachel, Jandyra Maria Guimarães; Riboldi, João
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Objective: To use a multilevel analysis methodology to evaluate hospital mortality from the data available in the Hospital Information System of the National Unified Health System. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data obtained from Authorization Forms for Hospital Admissions in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil in 2005. The modeling was performed using multilevel logistic regression, with variables from the individual level (hospital admissions) and the context level (hospital profile). The variability originated from individual variables was analyzed as well as the participation of the profile of hospitals in the rate of hospital mortality. Results: The crude death rate calculated for all hospitals was 6.3%. The variables “Use of Intensive Care Unit” followed by “Patient Age” were the main predictors for hospital death at the individual level. The context variables that were related most closely to hospital death (outcome) were: size of hospital, legal nature, and average length of stay. The OR for deaths at large hospitals was 1.85 times the odds for small hospitals and the OR for medium hospitals was 1.69 times the odds for small ones. The chance of deaths in public hospitals was 67% higher than in private ones. Conclusions: The hospital profile has an important role in hospital mortality in the Hospital Information System of the National Unified Health System. Multilevel analysis should be used to estimate the contribution of the profile of mortality in hospitals.

Tendência da proporção de baixo peso ao nascer, no período de 1994-2004, por microregião do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil : uma análise multinível; Trends in the proportion of low birth weight from 1994 to 2004 in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil : a multilevel analysis

Moraes, Anaelena Bragança de; Zanini, Roselaine Ruviaro; Giugliani, Elsa Regina Justo; Riboldi, João
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
O objetivo deste estudo ecológico longitudinal foi analisar a tendência da proporção de baixo peso ao nascer no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, de 1994 a 2004, utilizando a análise de dados de painel e regressão linear multinível (dois níveis: microrregião e tempo (anos)) para estimar os fatores de risco associados à proporção de baixo peso ao nascer. A proporção de baixo peso ao nascer teve um crescimento anual de 1,2%, e o modelo multinível mostrou que as proporções diferem entre as microrregiões e aumentam em associação com os anos, com o aumento do percentual de prematuros, com o aumento do coeficiente de mortalidade infantil e com o aumento do percentual de cesarianas. Entre as microrregiões, as proporções de baixo peso ao nascer variam positivamente com o percentual de urbanização, com os gastos com o Sistema Único de Saúde e negativamente com o percentual de participação na atividade econômica. O modelo multinível mostrou que a maior parte da variação nas proporções de baixo peso ao nascer se deve aos efeitos da microrregião de moradia da mãe do nascido vivo.; The aim of this longitudinal ecological study was to analyze the trend in the proportion of low birth weight in Rio Grande do Sul State...

Determinants of the use of health care services: multilevel analysis in the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo

Chiavegatto Filho,Alexandre Dias Porto; Wang,Yuan-Pang; Malik,Ana Maria; Takaoka,Julia; Viana,Maria Carmen; Andrade,Laura Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. METHODS Data from the Sao Paulo Megacity study – the Brazilian version of the World Mental Health Survey multicenter study – were used. A total of 3,588 adults living in 69 neighborhoods in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, including 38 municipalities and 31 neighboring districts, were selected using multistratified sampling of the non-institutionalized population. Multilevel Bayesian logistic models were adjusted to identify the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the past 12 months and presence of a regular physician for routine care. RESULTS The contextual characteristics of the place of residence (income inequality, violence, and median income) showed no significant correlation (p > 0.05) with the use of health care services or with the presence of a regular physician for routine care. The only exception was the negative correlation between living in areas with high income inequality and presence of a regular physician (OR: 0.77; 95%CI 0.60;0.99) after controlling for individual characteristics. The study revealed a strong and consistent correlation between individual characteristics (mainly education and possession of health insurance)...

Individual and local level factors and antenatal care use in Colombia: a multilevel analysis

Osorio,Ana María; Tovar,Luis Miguel; Rathmann,Katharina
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
This paper examined the association between individual and local level factors and the number of antenatal care visits completed by women in Colombia using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey and multilevel logistic regression models. Our findings suggest that, in addition to maternal socioeconomic status, contextual factors influence whether pregnant women complete the minimum recommended number of antenatal care visits. These factors include: level of women’s autonomy in the community, regional inequalities and access barriers caused by distance (OR = 0.057), costs of services (OR = 0.035), and/or a lack of confidence in doctors (OR = 0.036). Our results highlight the existence of inequalities in access to antenatal care and the importance of considering the local context in the design of effective maternal care policies in Colombia. Furthermore, our findings regarding individual factors corroborate the evidence from other countries and offer new insights into the association between local level factors and number of antenatal care visits.

Multilevel analysis of self-perception in oral health and associated factors in Southern Brazilian adults: a cross-sectional study

Gabardo,Marilisa Carneiro Leão; Moysés,Samuel Jorge; Moysés,Simone Tetu; Olandoski,Marcia; Olinto,Maria Teresa Anselmo; Pattussi,Marcos Pascoal
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between individual and contextual variables related to self-perception in oral health among residents in the municipality of São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The cross-sectional design involved 1,100 adults in 38 census tracts. The self-perception was evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) tool. A logistic multilevel analysis was performed. The multivariate analysis revealed that those who are of the female gender, older, with lower scores of quality of life and less social support, with poor healthy eating habits, smokers and those living in low-income census tracts presented higher odds of reporting worse oral health self-perception (OHIP-1). We concluded that individual and contextual variables are associated with oral health self-perception. This is essential information for planning health services wishing to meet the health needs of the population.

Oral health status of the ethnic group Xukuru from Ororubá: multilevel analysis

Mauricio,Herika de Arruda; Moreira,Rafael da Silveira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Objective: To analyse the oral health status of the indigenous people Xukuru from Ororubá aged 10 to 14 years old, in Pernambuco, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional population-based study developed within the limits of the Indigenous Land Xukuru, from January to March 2010. Oral examinations were performed on a sample of 233 indigenous people. The software SPSS 13.0® was used for descriptive analysis. Later, in order to measure the effect of factors associated with the absence of caries, Poisson log-linear multilevel models were tested with the statistical software MLwiN 2.02®. Results: Oral examinations identified a DMFT Index average of 2.38 (± 2.62). Among all individuals examined, 26.61% were caries free. Multiple regression analysis revealed a negative association between the absence of caries and the variables: higher average of people per household in the villages, higher number of residents per household, older age, male sex, not knowing how to read and write, and very dissatisfied/dissatisfied with teeth/mouth. The variables higher income per capita, not sleeping due to dental problems, had never been to the dentist, no occurrence of toothache, and no need for dental treatment were positively associated with the absence of caries. Conclusion: The absence of caries is associated with contextual and individual factors of the indigenous people Xukuru from Ororubá...

Association between district-level perceived safety and self-rated health: a multilevel study in Seoul, South Korea

Kim, Seung-Sup; Choi, Jaesung; Park, Kisoo; Chung, Yeonseung; Park, Sangjo; Heo, Jongho
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
Objectives: Several studies have reported the relationship between residents’ perceived neighbourhood safety and their health outcomes. However, those studies suffered from unreliability of neighbourhood safety measure and potential residual confounding related to crime rates. In this study, using multilevel analysis to account for the hierarchical structure of the data, we examined associations between district-level perceived safety and self-rated health after adjusting for potential confounders including the district-level crime rate. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: We used the first wave of Seoul Welfare Panel Study, which has 7761 individuals from 3665 households in 25 administrative districts in Seoul, South Korea. District-level perceived safety was obtained by aggregating responses from the residents that are representative samples for each administrative district in Seoul. To examine an association between district-level safety and residents’ self-rated health, we used mixed effect logistic regression. Results: Our results showed that higher district-level perceived safety, an aggregated measure of district residents’ responses towards neighbourhood safety, was significantly associated with poor self-rated health after controlling for sex...

A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: linking the statistical concept of clustering to the idea of contextual phenomenon

Merlo, J.; Chaix, B.; Yang, M.; Lynch, J.; Rastam, L.
Fonte: British Med Journal Publ Group Publicador: British Med Journal Publ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Study objective: This didactical essay is directed to readers disposed to approach multilevel regression analysis (MLRA) in a more conceptual than mathematical way. However, it specifically develops an epidemiological vision on multilevel analysis with particular emphasis on measures of health variation (for example, intraclass correlation). Such measures have been underused in the literature as compared with more traditional measures of association (for example, regression coefficients) in the investigation of contextual determinants of health. A link is provided, which will be comprehensible to epidemiologists, between MLRA and social epidemiological concepts, particularly between the statistical idea of clustering and the concept of contextual phenomenon. Design and participants: The study uses an example based on hypothetical data on systolic blood pressure (SBP) from 25 000 people living in 39 neighbourhoods. As the focus is on the empty MLRA model, the study does not use any independent variable but focuses mainly on SBP variance between people and between neighbourhoods. Results: The intraclass correlation (ICC = 0.08) informed of an appreciable clustering of individual SBP within the neighbourhoods, showing that 8% of the total individual differences in SBP occurred at the neighbourhood level and might be attributable to contextual neighbourhood factors or to the different composition of neighbourhoods. Conclusions: The statistical idea of clustering emerges as appropriate for quantifying "contextual phenomena" that is of central relevance in social epidemiology. Both concepts convey that people from the same neighbourhood are more similar to each other than to people from different neighbourhoods with respect to the health outcome variable.; Juan Merlo...

Contextual and individual assessment of dental pain period prevalence in adolescents: a multilevel approach

De Anselmo Peres, M.; Glazer De Anselmo Peres, K.; Frias, A.; Antunes, J.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
BACKGROUND Despite evidence that health and disease occur in social contexts, the vast majority of studies addressing dental pain exclusively assessed information gathered at individual level. OBJECTIVES To assess the association between dental pain and contextual and individual characteristics in Brazilian adolescents. In addition, we aimed to test whether contextual Human Development Index is independently associated with dental pain after adjusting for individual level variables of socio-demographics and dental characteristics. METHODS The study used data from an oral health survey carried out in São Paulo, Brazil, which included dental pain, dental exams, individual socioeconomic and demographic conditions, and Human Development Index at area level of 4,249 12-year-old and 1,566 15-year-old schoolchildren. The Poisson multilevel analysis was performed. RESULTS Dental pain was found among 25.6% (95%CI = 24.5-26.7) of the adolescents and was 33% less prevalent among those living in more developed areas of the city than among those living in less developed areas. Girls, blacks, those whose parents earn low income and have low schooling, those studying at public schools, and those with dental treatment needs presented higher dental-pain prevalence than their counterparts. Area HDI remained associated with dental pain after adjusting for individual level variables of socio demographic and dental characteristics. CONCLUSIONS Girls...

Dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren: multilevel analysis of individual and school environment factors in Goiânia

Oliveira,Lorena Batista de; Moreira,Rafael da Silveira; Reis,Sandra Cristina Guimarães Bahia; Freire,Maria do Carmo Matias
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dental caries index among 12-year-old schoolchildren and individual and contextual factors related to the schools in the city of Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2,075 schoolchildren using the 2010 National Survey of Oral Health methodology. The dependent variable was the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and the independent variables were individual (sex, race, and maternal education) and contextual ones (type of school, health district, and the presence of oral programs). Multilevel analysis and log-linear negative binominal regression were performed, considering the complex sampling design. Mean DMFT index was 1.51. Female students, whose mothers had lower schooling, those attending public schools, located in districts with the worst socioeconomic indicators, and covered by the Family Health Strategy had higher caries levels. The dental caries index was low and associated with the schoolchildren sociodemographic characteristics and factors related to the schools, showing inequalities in distribution.

Contemporary multilevel analysis of the effectiveness of water fluoridation in Australia

Do, L.; Spencer, A.J.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
AIMS: Water fluoridation was extended in Queensland, Australia, across 2009-2011. A research program was commenced to inform the rationale for and the outcome of this program, to estimate the effectiveness of water fluoridation in preventing caries and to predict changes in caries experience as a result of the extension of fluoridation. METHODS: Queensland children were selected through a stratified random sample selection in 2010-2012. Oral epidemiological examinations provided individual-level outcomes for decayed, missing or filled primary or permanent tooth surfaces: dmfs (among 5-8-year-olds) and DMFS (9-14-year-olds). Explanatory factors at the individual-level, school-level and area-level fluoridation status were derived. Data were weighted to represent the population. Three-level multilevel multivariable models were sequentially specified for negative binomial distribution of dmfs/DMFS to estimate rate ratios (RR). The effectiveness of area-level water fluoridation was evaluated in the full models controlling for other factors. RESULTS: Data from 2,214 5-8 year-olds and 3,186 9-14 year-olds from 207 schools in 16 areas were analysed. Queensland's average dmfs was 4.23 and DMFS 1.47. The lowest levels of dental caries were observed in long-term fluoridated Townsville. In the full models...

Individual and local level factors and antenatal care use in Colombia : a multilevel analysis

Osorio Mejía, Ana María; Tovar Cuevas, Luis Miguel; Rathmann, Katharina
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; Artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; 14 p.
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
Este trabajo examinó la asociación entre los factores individuales y a nivel de comunidad y el número de visitas prenatales que reciben las mujeres en Colombia. Utilizando datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud 2010 para Colombia, se estimaron modelos logísticos multinivel. Nuestros resultados sugieren que, además de la situación socioeconómica de las madres, existen importantes factores contextuales que influyen en la asistencia a un número de controles prenatales óptimo, por ejemplo, el nivel de autonomía de la mujer en la comunidad, las desigualdades regionales y las barreras de acceso causadas por la distancia (OR = 0,057), los costos de los servicios (OR = 0,035), y/o la falta de confianza en los médicos (OR = 0,036). Nuestros resultados destacan la existencia de desigualdades en el acceso a un número adecuado de consultas prenatales y la importancia de incluir el contexto de la comunidad en la formulación de políticas más eficaces de atención materna en Colombia.; This paper examined the association between individual and local level factors and the number of antenatal care visits completed by women in Colombia using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey and multilevel logistic regression models. Our findings suggest that...

Fatores associados à incapacidade funcional dos idosos no Brasil: análise multinível; Factores asociados a la incapacidad funcional de los ancianos en Brasil: análisis multinivel; Factors associated with functional disability of elderly in Brazil: a multilevel analysis

Alves, Luciana Correia; Leite, Iúri da Costa; Machado, Carla Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
OBJETIVO: Analisar a influência dos fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos, de condições de saúde e do contexto das unidades da federação na incapacidade funcional dos idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal que utilizou dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (PNAD) de 2003, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) e do Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (Ipea). A amostra foi constituída de 33.515 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais de idade. A variável dependente foi a incapacidade funcional, mensurada pela dificuldade por subir ladeira ou escada. As variáveis independentes foram divididas em dois níveis: individual (características demográficas, socioeconômicas e relativas à saúde) e de contexto (Índice de Gini e Produto Interno Bruto per capita por unidade da federação em 2000). Um modelo de regressão logística multinomial multinível foi utilizado para estimar o efeito das variáveis independentes na incapacidade funcional dos idosos. RESULTADOS: A incapacidade funcional foi associada com fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos e de saúde. Em nível individual, o sexo, a educação, a renda, a ocupação, a autopercepção de saúde e as doenças crônicas foram os fatores mais fortemente relacionados. Em nível de contexto...

Oral health status of the ethnic group Xukuru from Ororubá: multilevel analysis

Mauricio,Herika de Arruda; Moreira,Rafael da Silveira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Objective: To analyse the oral health status of the indigenous people Xukuru from Ororubá aged 10 to 14 years old, in Pernambuco, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional population-based study developed within the limits of the Indigenous Land Xukuru, from January to March 2010. Oral examinations were performed on a sample of 233 indigenous people. The software SPSS 13.0® was used for descriptive analysis. Later, in order to measure the effect of factors associated with the absence of caries, Poisson log-linear multilevel models were tested with the statistical software MLwiN 2.02®. Results: Oral examinations identified a DMFT Index average of 2.38 (± 2.62). Among all individuals examined, 26.61% were caries free. Multiple regression analysis revealed a negative association between the absence of caries and the variables: higher average of people per household in the villages, higher number of residents per household, older age, male sex, not knowing how to read and write, and very dissatisfied/dissatisfied with teeth/mouth. The variables higher income per capita, not sleeping due to dental problems, had never been to the dentist, no occurrence of toothache, and no need for dental treatment were positively associated with the absence of caries. Conclusion: The absence of caries is associated with contextual and individual factors of the indigenous people Xukuru from Ororubá...

Individual and local level factors and antenatal care use in Colombia: a multilevel analysis

Osorio,Ana María; Tovar,Luis Miguel; Rathmann,Katharina
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
This paper examined the association between individual and local level factors and the number of antenatal care visits completed by women in Colombia using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey and multilevel logistic regression models. Our findings suggest that, in addition to maternal socioeconomic status, contextual factors influence whether pregnant women complete the minimum recommended number of antenatal care visits. These factors include: level of women’s autonomy in the community, regional inequalities and access barriers caused by distance (OR = 0.057), costs of services (OR = 0.035), and/or a lack of confidence in doctors (OR = 0.036). Our results highlight the existence of inequalities in access to antenatal care and the importance of considering the local context in the design of effective maternal care policies in Colombia. Furthermore, our findings regarding individual factors corroborate the evidence from other countries and offer new insights into the association between local level factors and number of antenatal care visits.

Factors associated with use of maternal health services in Haiti: a multilevel analysis

Babalola,Stella O.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with utilization of maternal health services (MHS) among women giving birth in Haiti from 2007 - 2012. METHODS: Observational data derived from the 2012 Haiti Mortality, Morbidity and Service Use Survey are analyzed. Multilevel analytic methods are used to assess factors associated with use of antenatal services and skilled birth attendance (SBA). RESULTS: The strongest adjusted predictors include child's birth rank, household poverty, and community media saturation. The odds of obtaining four antenatal care visits decrease by 53% (odds ratio (OR) = 0.47; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.37-0.57) with high birth rank and by 37% (OR = 0.63; 95% CI: 0.51-0.78) with household poverty, and increase by 38% (OR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.01-1.88) with high community media saturation. The odds of using SBA at delivery decrease by 72% (OR = 0.28; 95% CI: 0.22-0.34) with high birth rank and by 42% (OR = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.46-0.73) with household poverty, and increase by 92% (OR = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.41-2.61) with high community media saturation. Use of antenatal services is strongly associated with SBA (OR = 2.20; 95% CI: 1.85-2.61). Significant clustering of use of MHS exists at the community level. CONCLUSIONS: Factors associated with use of MHS operate at multiple levels. Efforts to promote such services should identify and pay special attention to the needs of multiparous and uneducated women...

Determinants of the use of health care services: multilevel analysis in the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo

Chiavegatto Filho,Alexandre Dias Porto; Wang,Yuan-Pang; Malik,Ana Maria; Takaoka,Julia; Viana,Maria Carmen; Andrade,Laura Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo.METHODS Data from the Sao Paulo Megacity study – the Brazilian version of the World Mental Health Survey multicenter study – were used. A total of 3,588 adults living in 69 neighborhoods in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, including 38 municipalities and 31 neighboring districts, were selected using multistratified sampling of the non-institutionalized population. Multilevel Bayesian logistic models were adjusted to identify the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the past 12 months and presence of a regular physician for routine care.RESULTS The contextual characteristics of the place of residence (income inequality, violence, and median income) showed no significant correlation (p > 0.05) with the use of health care services or with the presence of a regular physician for routine care. The only exception was the negative correlation between living in areas with high income inequality and presence of a regular physician (OR: 0.77; 95%CI 0.60;0.99) after controlling for individual characteristics. The study revealed a strong and consistent correlation between individual characteristics (mainly education and possession of health insurance)...