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Análise da sobrevida do paciente e do enxerto de diabéticos submetidos a diferentes modalidades de transplante; Analysis of patient and graft survival of diabetic patients undergoing different modalities of transplantation

Mesquita, Pablo Girardelli Mendonça
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2013 PT
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O diabetes mellitus (DM) é a principal causa de doença renal crônica (DRC) em vários países do mundo. Para pacientes diabéticos com DRC estágio 5 e indicação da terapia renal substitutiva, o transplante (Tx) renal representa uma modalidade terapêutica com técnica bem estabelecida e com excelentes resultados. O transplante simultâneo de rim-pâncreas (TSRP), uma alternativa mais recente praticada em um número mais restrito de centros, apresenta resultados positivos adicionais no controle metabólico, na qualidade de vida e nas complicações crônicas do diabetes. Entretanto, está associado a um risco maior de complicações pós-operatórias e maior número de internações. Tanto o transplante renal quanto o TSRP estão associados a melhor sobrevida do paciente em relação à diálise. A escolha da melhor modalidade de transplante para o paciente diabético com DRC ainda não está clara. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os resultados de diferentes modalidades de transplante em pacientes diabéticos com DRC estágio 5, realizados em 3 Centros Brasileiros de Transplante. Assim, analisar a sobrevida do paciente e do enxerto renal após 1, 5 e 8 anos em pacientes DM tipo 1 submetidos a TSRP comparados com transplante renal isolado com doador vivo (DM1-DV) ou transplante de renal isolado com doador falecido (DM1-DF) (Estudo de 3 modalidades de Tx em DM tipo1). Além disso...

Avaliação de Competências Psicológicas e Imagem Corporal em Atletas de Diferentes Modalidades de Combate

Hilário, Vanda
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Santarém Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Santarém
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
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Projeto de Investigação apresentado para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia do Desporto e do Exercício. Orientador: Professor Doutor Carlos Silva; Resumo Existe cada vez mais, um maior número de psicólogos do desporto que têm efetuado estudos acerca dos fatores que afetam o rendimento desportivo, nomeadamente sobre as características e as competências psicológicas dos atletas, pois estas podem contribuir para que estes atletas alcancem um rendimento desportivo ótimo. O presente estudo tem como titulo: “Avaliação de Competências Psicológicas e Imagem Corporal em Atletas de Diferentes Modalidades de combate”, e tem como principal objetivo caracterizar e comparar as Competências Psicológicas dos atletas em função das variáveis sexo, nível competitivo e modalidade, bem como, analisar e comparar a Imagem Corporal em função destas mesmas variáveis. Este estudo contou com uma amostra de 90 atletas (n=90), de ambos os sexos, dos escalões juniores e séniores, praticantes de Karate, Taekwondo e Judo. Tendo em vista os objetivos traçados, para avaliar as competências psicológicas e Imagem Corporal dos atletas...

Effect of walking and resting after three cryotherapy modalities on the recovery of sensory and motor nerve conduction velocity in healthy subjects

Herrera,Esperanza; Sandoval,Maria Cristina; Camargo,Diana M.; Salvini,Tania F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
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BACKGROUND: Different cryotherapy modalities have distinct effects on sensory and motor nerve conduction parameters. However, it is unclear how these parameters change during the post-cooling period and how the exercise carried out in this period would influence the recovery of nerve conduction velocity (NCV). OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of three cryotherapy modalities on post-cooling NCV and to analyze the effect of walking on the recovery of sensory and motor NCV. METHODS: Thirty six healthy young subjects were randomly allocated into three groups: ice massage (n=12), ice pack (n=12) and cold water immersion (n=12). The modalities were applied to the right leg. The subjects of each modality group were again randomized to perform a post-cooling activity: a) 30min rest, b) walking 15 min followed by 15 min rest. The NCV of sural (sensory) and posterior tibial (motor) nerves was evaluated. Initial (pre-cooling) and final (30 min post-cooling) NCV were compared using a paired t-test. The effects of the modalities and the post-cooling activities on NCV were evaluated by an analysis of covariance. The significance level was α=0.05. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between immersion and ice massage on final sensory NCV (p=0.009). Ice pack and ice massage showed similar effects (p>0.05). Walking accelerated the recovery of sensory and motor NCV...

Current treatment modalities for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Farmer, D G; Rosove, M H; Shaked, A; Busuttil, R W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1994 EN
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OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the currently available treatment modalities for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: One of the most common tumors worldwide, HCC has several known risk factors. Untreated HCC typically has a dismal prognosis. Early detection remains the key to successful treatment of this malignancy. Surgical resection has been the mainstay of treatment for HCC, but newer modalities have been recently introduced. METHODS: The authors evaluated the treatment modalities for HCC. RESULTS: Surgical resection affords 5-year survival rates as high as 45% with more favorable subgroups having 1) small tumors, 2) well-differentiated tumors, 3) unifocal tumors, 4) lack of vascular invasion, 5) absence of cirrhosis, and 6) the fibrolamellar variant (FL-HCC). Resection has been limited primarily by low resectability rates and recurrent disease. Newer therapeutic modalities that appear the most promising are transarterial chemoembolization and percutaneous ethanol injection. Neither therapy has been evaluated in a prospective randomized manner. Combination chemotherapy and surgical intervention may provide the best results, but randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-up are needed. As single-treatment modalities...

Modalities for the Assessment of Burn Wound Depth

Devgan, Lara; Bhat, Satyanarayan; Aylward, S.; Spence, Robert J.
Fonte: Open Science Company, LLC Publicador: Open Science Company, LLC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/02/2006 EN
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Objective: Burn wound depth is a significant determinant of patient treatment and morbidity. While superficial partial-thickness burns generally heal by re-epithelialization with minimal scarring, deeper wounds can form hypertrophic or contracted scars, often requiring surgical excision and grafting to prevent a suboptimal result. In addition, without timely intervention, more superficial burn wounds can convert to deeper wounds. As such, the rapid and accurate assessment of burn wound depth is a priority in treating burn-injured patients. The object of this article is to review current research on modalities useful in the assessment of burn wound depth with emphasis on the relative costs and benefits of each technique. Methods: PubMed and Cochrane computerized databases were used for data retrieval, using the search terms “burns,” “burn wounds,” “burn depth,” “burn depth measurement,” and “burn depth progression.” In addition, bibliographic references from prior reviews of burn depth were reviewed. All peer-reviewed, English-language articles relevant to the topic of burn depth measurement were reviewed, including those focusing on animal and human populations. Where appropriate, conclusions drawn from review articles and expert analyses were included. Results: Although bedside evaluation remains the most common modality of diagnosing the depth of burn wounds...

Economic evaluation of bone stimulation modalities: A systematic review of the literature

Button, Melissa L; Sprague, Sheila; Gharsaa, Osama; LaTouche, Sandra; Bhandari, Mohit
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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Various bone stimulation modalities are commonly used in treatment of fresh fractures and nonunions; however, the effectiveness and efficiency of these modalities remain uncertain. A systematic review of trials evaluating the clinical and economical outcomes of ultrasounds, electrical stimulation, and extracorporeal sound waves on fracture healing was conducted. We searched four electronic databases for economic evaluations that assessed bone stimulation modalities using ultrasound therapy, electrical stimulation, or extracorporeal shock waves. In addition, we searched the references and related articles of eligible studies, and a content expert was contacted. Information on the clinical and economical outcomes of patients was independently extracted by reviewers. Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria; therefore, very limited research was found on the cost associated with treatments and the corresponding outcomes. The data available focus primarily on the efficacy of newly introduced treatment methods for bone growth, but failed to incorporate the costs of implementing such treatments. One economic analysis was identified that assessed different treatment paths using ultrasound. A total cost savings of 24–40% per patient occurred when ultrasound was used for fresh fractures and nonunions (grade C recommendation). The results suggest that the ultrasound is a viable alternative for bone stimulation; however...

Impact of Medical Therapy on Atheroma Volume Measured by Different Cardiovascular Imaging Modalities

Sinno, Mohamad C. N.; Al-Mallah, Mouaz
Fonte: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research Publicador: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/2010 EN
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Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that affects most vascular beds. The gold standard of atherosclerosis imaging has been invasive intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Newer noninvasive imaging modalities like B-mode ultrasound, cardiac computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been used to assess these vascular territories with high accuracy and reproducibility. These imaging modalities have lately been used for the assessment of the atherosclerotic plaque and the response of its volume to several medical therapies used in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease. To study the impact of these medications on atheroma volume progression or regression, imaging modalities have been used on a serial basis providing a unique opportunity to monitor the effect these antiatherosclerotic strategies exert on plaque burden. As a result, studies incorporating serial IVUS imaging, quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), B-mode ultrasound, electron beam computed tomography (EBCT), and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging have all been used to evaluate the impact of therapeutic strategies that modify cholesterol and blood pressure on the progression/regression of atherosclerotic plaque. In this review...

Towards Omni-Tomography—Grand Fusion of Multiple Modalities for Simultaneous Interior Tomography

Wang, Ge; Zhang, Jie; Gao, Hao; Weir, Victor; Yu, Hengyong; Cong, Wenxiang; Xu, Xiaochen; Shen, Haiou; Bennett, James; Furth, Mark; Wang, Yue; Vannier, Michael
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/06/2012 EN
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We recently elevated interior tomography from its origin in computed tomography (CT) to a general tomographic principle, and proved its validity for other tomographic modalities including SPECT, MRI, and others. Here we propose “omni-tomography”, a novel concept for the grand fusion of multiple tomographic modalities for simultaneous data acquisition in a region of interest (ROI). Omni-tomography can be instrumental when physiological processes under investigation are multi-dimensional, multi-scale, multi-temporal and multi-parametric. Both preclinical and clinical studies now depend on in vivo tomography, often requiring separate evaluations by different imaging modalities. Over the past decade, two approaches have been used for multimodality fusion: Software based image registration and hybrid scanners such as PET-CT, PET-MRI, and SPECT-CT among others. While there are intrinsic limitations with both approaches, the main obstacle to the seamless fusion of multiple imaging modalities has been the bulkiness of each individual imager and the conflict of their physical (especially spatial) requirements. To address this challenge, omni-tomography is now unveiled as an emerging direction for biomedical imaging and systems biomedicine.

Conceptual Structure within and between Modalities

Dilkina, Katia; Lambon Ralph, Matthew A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/01/2013 EN
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Current views of semantic memory share the assumption that conceptual representations are based on multimodal experience, which activates distinct modality-specific brain regions. This proposition is widely accepted, yet little is known about how each modality contributes to conceptual knowledge and how the structure of this contribution varies across these multiple information sources. We used verbal feature lists, features from drawings, and verbal co-occurrence statistics from latent semantic analysis to examine the informational structure in four domains of knowledge: perceptual, functional, encyclopedic, and verbal. The goals of the analysis were three-fold: (1) to assess the structure within individual modalities; (2) to compare structures between modalities; and (3) to assess the degree to which concepts organize categorically or randomly. Our results indicated significant and unique structure in all four modalities: perceptually, concepts organize based on prominent features such as shape, size, color, and parts; functionally, they group based on use and interaction; encyclopedically, they arrange based on commonality in location or behavior; and verbally, they group associatively or relationally. Visual/perceptual knowledge gives rise to the strongest hierarchical organization and is closest to classic taxonomic structure. Information is organized somewhat similarly in the perceptual and encyclopedic domains...

Manipulation of and Sustained Effects on the Human Brain Induced by Different Modalities of Acupuncture: An fMRI Study

Jiang, Yin; Wang, Hong; Liu, Zhenyu; Dong, Yuru; Dong, Yue; Xiang, Xiaohui; Bai, Lijun; Tian, Jie; Wu, Liuzhen; Han, Jisheng; Cui, Cailian
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 28/06/2013 EN
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The javascript:void(0)manipulation and sustained effects of acupuncture have been investigated in multiple studies, but several findings are inconsistent with one another. One possible explanation for these discrepancies is that different modalities of acupuncture were utilized in these studies. In the present study, we investigated both the manipulation and sustained effects of acupuncture in different modalities, including manual acupuncture (MA), electroacupuncture (EA) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS). MA, EA, TEAS and sensory control stimulation were applied to 18 healthy subjects, and combined block-designed and resting-state fMRI scans were performed. In analyzing these data, the block-designed datasets were used to assess the manipulation effect by employing a modified general linear model. The data from the resting states, before and after stimulation, were used to explore the brain networks involved in the sustained effect. The results showed that the two 1-min stimulation periods produced similar activation patterns in the sensory control with positive activation in the sensorimotor areas and negative activation in the default mode areas. Although similar patterns could be detected in the first stimulation period in MA...

In Pursuit of an HIV Vaccine: Designing Efficacy Trials in the Context of Partially Effective Nonvaccine Prevention Modalities

Janes, Holly; Gilbert, Peter; Buchbinder, Susan; Kublin, James; Sobieszczyk, Magdalena E.; Hammer, Scott M.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2013 EN
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The HIV prevention landscape is evolving rapidly, and future efficacy trials of candidate vaccines, which remain the best long-term option for stemming the HIV epidemic, will be conducted in the context of partially effective nonvaccine prevention modalities. It is essential that these trials provide for valid and efficient evaluation of vaccine efficacy and immune correlates. The availability of partially effective prevention modalities presents opportunities to study their interactions with vaccines to maximally reduce HIV incidence. This article proposes an approach for conducting future vaccine efficacy trials in the context of background use of partially effective nonvaccine prevention modalities, and for conducting future vaccine efficacy trials that provide nonvaccine prevention modalities in one or more of the randomized study groups. Strategies are discussed for responding to emerging evidence on nonvaccine prevention modalities during ongoing vaccine trials. Next-generation HIV vaccine efficacy trials will almost certainly be more complex in their design and implementation but may become more relevant to at-risk populations and better suited to the ultimate goal of reducing HIV incidence at the population level.

Conservative treatment modalities in retinoblastoma

Chawla, Bhavna; Jain, Amit; Azad, Rajvardhan
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 EN
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Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. A potentially curable cancer, its treatment has improved significantly over the last few decades. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on various conservative treatment modalities available for the treatment of retinoblastoma and their effectiveness, when used alone or in combination. Pubmed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane library were searched through 2012 for published peer reviewed data on conservative treatment modalities for retinoblastoma. Various studies show that while enucleation remains the standard of care for advanced intraocular tumors, conservative modalities that can result in globe salvage and preservation of useful vision are being increasingly employed. Such modalities include systemic chemotherapy, focal consolidation with transpupillary thermotherapy, laser photocoagulation and cryotherapy, plaque brachytherapy, and delivery of local chemotherapy using subconjunctival, sub-tenon, or intra-arterial routes. When used alone or in combination, these treatment modalities can help in avoidance of external beam radiotherapy or enucleation, thus reducing the potential for long-term side effects, while salvaging useful vision. Radioactive plaque brachytherapy has an established role in selected patients with intraocular retinoblastoma. Local injections of chemotherapeutic agents via the sub-tenon or sub-conjunctival route have been used with varying degrees of success...

Dynamic Reweighting of Three Modalities for Sensor Fusion

Hwang, Sungjae; Agada, Peter; Kiemel, Tim; Jeka, John J.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/01/2014 EN
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We simultaneously perturbed visual, vestibular and proprioceptive modalities to understand how sensory feedback is re-weighted so that overall feedback remains suited to stabilizing upright stance. Ten healthy young subjects received an 80 Hz vibratory stimulus to their bilateral Achilles tendons (stimulus turns on-off at 0.28 Hz), a ±1 mA binaural monopolar galvanic vestibular stimulus at 0.36 Hz, and a visual stimulus at 0.2 Hz during standing. The visual stimulus was presented at different amplitudes (0.2, 0.8 deg rotation about ankle axis) to measure: the change in gain (weighting) to vision, an intramodal effect; and a change in gain to vibration and galvanic vestibular stimulation, both intermodal effects. The results showed a clear intramodal visual effect, indicating a de-emphasis on vision when the amplitude of visual stimulus increased. At the same time, an intermodal visual-proprioceptive reweighting effect was observed with the addition of vibration, which is thought to change proprioceptive inputs at the ankles, forcing the nervous system to rely more on vision and vestibular modalities. Similar intermodal effects for visual-vestibular reweighting were observed, suggesting that vestibular information is not a “fixed” reference...

Modalidades do estranho na poesia de William Butler Yeats; Modalities of the uncanny in the poetry of William Butler Yeats

CORSI, Edson Manzan
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This thesis has as its object of study three modalities of the uncanny as they appear in the poetry of Irish writer William Butler Yeats. They are: the incidence of the Double, the contact with the Deads, their way of operation in the metaphysical sphere as well as in the world of the Living, and the Animist way of thinking which embraces the omnipotence of thought. We believe that this is possible to be theoretically thought and analyzed through the ideas presented by Sigmund Freud in his essay titled The uncanny ( Das Unheimliche ), edited in 1919. In order to help our discussion of the problem, we used some considerations from French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. For example, what he exposes in his seminar dedicated to the anxiety and in his essay on the mirror stage . Many important ideas and concepts from literary critics such as T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, Tzvetan Todorov, Emil Staiger, Joseph Warren Beach, Ezra Pound, among others, were also used as basis for the development of our discussion on the theme of the strangeness (uncanny) in the frontiers between literature and psychoanalysis. The thought of Friedrich Nietzsche also helped us to understand the concept that Yeats developed and used of tragic joy and the relationship of the poet with the tragic thinking...

Modalização em artigos científicos da área da Linguística

Andrade, Valdete Aparecida Borges
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
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Essa pesquisa tem por objetivo analisar a manifestação das modalidades no gênero artigo científico da área da Linguística, e as funções que elas exercem nos textos como marcadores de atitudes do falante, buscando regularidades em seu uso nessas funções e verificando sua relação com a argumentatividade nesse gênero de texto. Para tanto, objetivamos: i) identificar as modalidades que são atualizadas nos artigos científicos, bem como os modalizadores mais usados; ii) verificar as funções que as modalidades exercem nos artigos científicos da área da Linguística e em que medida essas funções se relacionam com o caráter argumentativo nesse gênero; iii) identificar as regularidades/generalizações no funcionamento das modalidades linguísticas no gênero artigo científico; iv) verificar se determinadas modalidades se correlacionam com movimentos nos artigos científicos, tais como: propor, atacar e defender uma ideia, propor uma ideia resguardando-a de possíveis questionamentos, etc...; v) verificar possíveis correlações regulares entre forma (modalizadores), modalidades atualizadas e: a) funções das modalidades; b) categorias da superestrutura do artigo científico. Sabemos que ao produzir textos as pessoas sempre os modalizam...

The symbol digit modalities test: normative data from a large nationally representative sample of Australians

Kiely, Kim M.; Butterworth, Peter; Watson, Nicole; Wooden, Mark
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 9 pages
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Data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey were used to calculate weighted norms for the written version of the Symbol Digits Modalities Test (SDMT) by gender, 5-year age groups and four levels of educational attainment. The sample comprised 14,456 Australians (47% male; age range 15–100), of whom 25% reported a tertiary qualification, 30% reported a technical qualification (diploma or trade certificate), 16% reported completing Year 12 (final year of high school), and 29% reported their highest level of educational attainment to be Year 11 or below. Participants were excluded if they reported physical or neurological conditions that limited performance. Age, gender, and education were all significantly associated with SDMT performance, as was poor health, and cultural background. The reported norms are of greater scope and precision than previously available and have utility in a range of clinical and research settings. Indeed, normative data for the SDMT that are representative of a national population have not previously been published.; KK is supported by an Alzheimer’s Australia Dementia Research Foundation (AADRF) Fellowship (#DGP13F00005). PB is supported by Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellowship (#FT130101444).

Graduating 4th year radiology residents' perception of optimal imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma: a pilot study from four U.S. universities

Elias Junior,Jorge; Semelka,Richard C.; Altun,Ersan; Balci,N. Cem; Thomas,Sarah L.; Hussain,Shahid M.; Martin,Diego R.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
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OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess 4th year radiology residents' perception of the optimal imaging modality to investigate neoplasm and trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven 4th year radiology residents from four residency programs were surveyed. They were asked about the best imaging modality to evaluate the brain and spine, lungs, abdomen, and the musculoskeletal system. Imaging modalities available were MRI, CT, ultrasound, PET, and X-ray. All findings were compared to the ACR appropriateness criteria. RESULTS: MRI was chosen as the best imaging modality to evaluate brain, spine, abdominal, and musculoskeletal neoplasm in 96.3%, 100%, 70.4%, and 63% of residents, respectively. CT was chosen by 88.9% to evaluate neoplasm of the lung. Optimal imaging modality to evaluate trauma was CT for brain injuries (100%), spine (92.6%), lung (96.3%), abdomen (92.6%), and major musculoskeletal trauma (74.1%); MRI was chosen for sports injury (96.3%). There was agreement with ACR appropriateness criteria. CONCLUSION: Residents' perception of the best imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma concurred with the appropriateness criteria by the ACR.

Role of emerging neuroimaging modalities in patients with cognitive impairment: a review from the Canadian Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia 2012

Burhan, Amer M; Bartha, Robert; Bocti, Christian; Borrie, Michael; Laforce, Robert; Rosa-Neto, Pedro; Soucy, Jean-Paul
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/07/2013 EN
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The Fourth Canadian Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia (CCCDTD4) was held 3 to 4 May 2012 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. A group of neuroimaging experts were assigned the task of reviewing and summarizing the literature on clinical and research applications of different neuroimaging modalities in cognitive disorders. This paper summarizes the literature and recommendations made to the conference regarding the role of several emerging neuroimaging modalities in cognitive disorders. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and diffusion tensor imaging are discussed in detail within this paper. Other emergent neuroimaging modalities such as positron emission tomography with novel ligands, high-field MRI, arterial spin labeling MRI and noncerebral blood flow single-photon emission computerized tomography are only discussed briefly. Neuroimaging modalities that were recommended at the CCCDTD4 for both clinical and research applications such as amyloid and flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, computerized tomography and structural MRI are discussed in a separate paper by the same authors. A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database including articles in English that involved human subjects and covered the period from the last CCCDTD publication (CCCDTD3; January 2006) until April 2012. Search terms included the name of the specific modality...

A reflection about translation modalities on juridical translation; Uma reflexão sobre o uso das modalidades de tradução no contexto jurídico

Alves, Maysa Vani
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2015 POR
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Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar um estudo de caso, a partir do modelo de AUBERT (2006), para refletir sobre as modalidades, analisando seu uso em relação aos marcadores culturais e observando quais modalidades são mais usadas no contexto jurídico. Para isso, foi extraído um corpus da lei francesa sobre o divórcio, bem como um corpus correspondente na lei brasileira.; This article presents a case study to reflect about the translation modalities AUBERT (2006), analyzing its usage in relation to the cultural markers, observing which modalities are the most used in the juridical context. To do this, a corpus has been extracted from the French divorce Law, as well as a correspondent corpus of the Brazilian divorce Law.

Translation modalities applied to the interpretation in brazilian sign language; As modalidades de tradução aplicadas à interpretação em língua de sinais brasileira

Nicoloso, Silvana; Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina; Heberle, Viviane M.; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Pesquisa Empírica de Campo; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2015 POR
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This article was developed from a chapter in a doctoral thesis from the first author, towards a specific focalized discussion, related to the practice of simultaneous interpretation in Brazilian Sign Language, based on translation modalities as proposed by Aubert (1998).  The interpreted text is called “Discovering who we are”, extracted from the book Learning to see, by Sherman, Wilcox and Phyllis, and translated by Tarcisio de Arantes Leite. The interpretations were recorded in a media studio, with the official consent from the Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil and the data was analyzed by means of the software ELAN. Results indicate that using a research method which considers translation modalities may contribute to obtain a clearer view regarding the similarities and differences between the selected linguistic pairs.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2015v35nesp2p197Este artigo foi desenvolvido a partir de um capítulo pertencente à tese de doutorado da primeira autora, para uma discussão mais pontual, relacionada à prática da interpretação simultânea em Língua de Sinais Brasileira com base nas Modalidades de Tradução descritas por Francis Aubert (1998). O texto interpretado denomina-se “Descobrindo quem somos nós”...