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A produção de significados em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem: utilizando a teoria da ação mediada para caracterizar a significação dos conceitos relacionados à solubilidade dos materiais; The meaning making in a virtual learning environment: using the theory of mediated action to characterize the process of meaning of chemical concepts related to the solubility of materials.

Posso, Adriana da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/11/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
O presente trabalho apresenta o estudo que visou a caracterização do processo de significação de conceitos químicos como domínio e apropriação de ferramentas culturais. O registro dos dados aconteceu durante a aplicação de um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem que tinha a solubilidade dos materiais, como conceito central. Os sujeitos da investigação foram alunos do Ensino Médio da Rede Estadual de Ensino do Estado de São Paulo, que participavam do Programa de Pré-Iniciação Científica da USP. Todo o projeto foi planejado tomando como referenciais teóricos a teoria do desenvolvimento humano de Lev Vigotski, a teoria da linguagem de Mikhail Bakhtin, a teoria da ação mediada de James Wertsch e o modelo de organização do ensino de Marcelo Giordan. Este estudo buscou resposta para a seguinte questão de pesquisa: Compreender o processo de significação como domínio e apropriação de ferramentas culturais, permitirá que caracterizemos a aprendizagem como um processo de produção de significados? Para que pudéssemos responder a esta questão e alcançar nosso objeto, desenvolvemos uma sequência didática problematizadora, acompanhamos o processo de resolução do problema e reconstruímos este processo em busca dos conceitos utilizado para resolver o problema. Depois reconstruímos o processo histórico da significação dos conceitos químicos...

Sítios institucionais : três casos de produção de significado; Websites : three cases of meaning-making in technical secondary school

Paula Renata Gali
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Esta dissertação de Mestrado apresenta a análise de três sítios institucionais produzidos por alunos de curso técnico em Web Design, retratando de cada sítio o aspecto da produção de significado hipermodal que se destaca. Interessa-nos apresentar, conforme a intenção de divulgar as empresas e aproximar empresa e usuário-cliente, como os alunos selecionaram e combinaram os elementos semióticos, quais os locais escolhidos para o posicionamento dos elementos nas páginas dos sítios, quais os recursos propostos de interação com o usuário, como os participantes (empresa/usuário) foram representados nos sítios, a fim de comporem os significados, e como a articulação de todos esses elementos foi compreendida por usuários comuns de internet. Esse trabalho é uma pesquisa qualitativa e está centrada nos estudos aplicados de linguagem. Os pressupostos teóricos são da Teoria Semiótica da Hipermodalidade, de estudos sobre hipertexto, Letramento, Gênero e de multimodalidade (fundamentado na Gramática do Design Visual) e tem como recursos metodológicos gravação em áudio e vídeo, anotações de observações de aulas do curso (diário de anotações), documentos escritos do curso; This Master´s thesis presents an analysis of three institutional websites made by students of a Web Design course...

Audio-visual metaphors of the financial crisis: meaning making and the flow of experience

Müller,Cornelia; Schmitt,Christina
Fonte: Faculdade de Letras - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Publicador: Faculdade de Letras - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This paper advocates a perspective on metaphors in audio-visual media that conceives of these as processes of meaning making, i.e., as dynamic embodied conceptualizations, constitutively bound to the flow of experience. This involves experience in a double sense: as immediate affection through an audio-visually orchestrated form of movement experience and as sensory-motor experiences of metaphoric source domains. Drawing on an interdisciplinary (linguistic and film analysis) method, this study presents an analysis of a German political TV report on winners and losers of the financial crisis. The goal of this case study is twofold: to reconstruct the complexity of metaphoric meaning making in audio-visual media and to illustrate a theoretical claim: that metaphors in audio-visual compositions emerge dynamically from sensory and affective experiences.

Infants’ Meaning-Making and the Development of Mental Health Problems

Tronick, Ed; Beeghly, Marjorie
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
We argue that infant meaning-making processes are a central mechanism governing both typical and pathological outcomes. Infants, as open dynamic systems, must constantly garner information to increase their complexity and coherence. They fulfill this demand by making nonverbal “meaning”—affects, movements, representations—about themselves in relation to the world and themselves into a “biopsychosocial state of consciousness,” which shapes their ongoing engagement with the world. We focus on the operation of the infant–adult communication system, a dyadic, mutually regulated system that scaffolds infants’ engagement with the world of people, things, and themselves, and consequently their meaning-making. We argue that infant mental health problems emerge when the meanings infants make in the moment, which increase their complexity and coherence and may be adaptive in the short run, selectively limit their subsequent engagement with the world and, in turn, the growth of their state of consciousness in the long run. When chronic and iterative, these altered meanings can interfere with infants’ successful development and heighten their vulnerability to pathological outcomes. Cultural variations in meaning-making and implications for clinical practice are discussed.

Does making meaning make it better? Narrative meaning-making and well-being in at-risk African-American adolescent females

Sales, Jessica M.; Merrill, Natalie A.; Fivush, Robyn
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
It has been argued that, for certain people, attempts at making meaning about past life events, especially challenging events, might be detrimental to well-being. In this study we explored the association between narrative indicators of meaning-making and psychological well-being, while also considering the role of individual level factors such as life history, personality characteristics and locus of control, among an at-risk sample of low socioeconomic status inner-city African-American adolescent females with challenging lives. We found that having a more external locus of control and including more cognitive processing language in narratives about a highly negative past experience were associated with increased depressive symptoms. Our findings suggest that certain types of narrative meaning-making language may reflect ongoing and unsuccessful efforts after meaning, and, may be more similar to rumination than to resolution. Additionally, they support claims that for certain individuals from challenging backgrounds, efforts after meaning might not be psychologically healthy.

Meaning making, adversity, and regulatory flexibility

Bonanno, George A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
Despite the widely accepted belief that meaning making is essential for mental health following adversity, the available research continues to provide mixed findings: meaning-making is sometimes evident, sometimes not, and more frequently than we would expect associated with poor health outcomes. The papers that comprise this issue put flesh to those bones by approaching the question from a narrative memory perspective. Meaning making, these studies demonstrate, is a multi-faceted phenomenon and whether it is necessary or adaptive depends on which particular form of meaning making is considered and on the context and timing in which it occurs. To situate these insights in a broader framework, I consider parallels with the emergent literature on regulatory flexibility and briefly review recent research and theory on that construct as it has been applied in the literatures on coping and emotion regulation. Finally, I close by suggesting a basic framework, informed by the flexibility construct, that might guide future research on meaning making.

Meaning-making of female genital cutting: children’s perception and acquired knowledge of the ritual

Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Lien, Inger-Lise
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
How do girls who have undergone female genital cutting understand the ritual? This study provides an analysis of the learning process and knowledge acquired in their meaning-making process. Eighteen participants were interviewed in qualitative indepth interviews. Women in Norway, mostly with Somali or Gambian backgrounds, were asked about their experiences of circumcision. Two different strategies were used to prepare girls for circumcision, ie, one involving giving some information and the other keeping the ritual a secret. Findings indicate that these two approaches affected the girls’ meaning-making differently, but both strategies seemed to lead to the same educational outcome. The learning process is carefully monitored and regulated but is brought to a halt, stopping short of critical reflexive thinking. The knowledge tends to be deeply internalized, embodied, and morally embraced. The meaning-making process is discussed by analyzing the use of metaphors and narratives. Given that the educational outcome is characterized by limited knowledge without critical reflection, behavior change programs to end female genital cutting should identify and implement educational stimuli that are likely to promote critical reflexive thinking.

Sense and Significance: A Mixed Methods Examination of Meaning Making After the Loss of One’s Child

Lichtenthal, Wendy G.; Currier, Joseph M.; Neimeyer, Robert A.; Keesee, Nancy J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
The purpose of this mixed methods study was to identify specific themes of meaning making (sense making and benefit finding) among bereaved parents, as well as to examine associations of these themes to the severity of grief symptomatology. A sample of 156 bereaved parents responded in writing to open-ended questions about sense making and benefit finding. We assessed normative grief symptoms with the Core Bereavement Items (Burnett, Middleton, Raphael, & Martinek, 1997) and maladaptive grief symptoms with the Inventory of Complicated Grief (Prigerson et al., 1995). Qualitative analyses revealed 45% of the sample could not make sense of their loss, and 21% could not identify benefits related to their loss experience. These parents had more severe normative and maladaptive grief symptoms. Overall, parents discussed 32 distinct approaches to finding meaning in their child’s death, 14 of which involved sense making, and 18 involved themes of benefit finding. The most common sense-making themes involved spirituality and religious beliefs, and the most common benefit-finding themes entailed an increase in the desire to help and compassion for others’ suffering. These results further reinforce the importance of meaning making for many bereaved parents and suggest the utility of developing and evaluating meaning-centered grief interventions with this population.

Existential Well-Being and Meaning Making in the Context of Primary Brain Tumor: Conceptualization and Implications for Intervention

Ownsworth, Tamara; Nash, Kimberley
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
When faced with a significant threat to life, people tend to reflect more intensely upon existential issues, such as the meaning and purpose of one’s life. Brain tumor poses a serious threat to a person’s life, functioning, and personhood. Although recognized as an important dimension of quality of life, existential well-being is not well understood and reflects an overlooked area of support for people with brain tumor. This perspective article reviews the historical underpinnings of the concept of existential well-being and integrates this discussion with theoretical perspectives and research on meaning making and psychological adjustment to primary brain tumor. We then provide an overview of psychosocial support interventions for people with brain tumor and describe the findings of a recently published psychotherapy trial targeting existential well-being. Overall, this article highlights the importance of assessing the existential support needs of people with primary brain tumor and their family members, and providing different avenues of support to facilitate the meaning-making process across the illness trajectory.

Turning points : meaning-making and its association with psychological well-being, academic achievement and parental relationship quality among adolescents

Tavernier, Royette
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
There is substantial research linking meaning-making ability and psychological well-being in the context of turning point events. Still, an important research question remains: whether individuals who report meaning-making and psychological well-being were already better adjusted psychologically, prior to the experience of their turning point. In addition, the role of meaning-making on academic achievement and parental relationship quality has received little empirical attention although both variables have been shown to be positively associated with positive adjustment among adolescents. This longitudinal study examined differences in psychological well-being, academic achievement, and parental relationship quality between adolescents who reported meaning-making (lessons or insights) and those who reported no meaning-making within their turning point narratives. Participants were 803 (52% female) grade 12 adolescents, 26% (N = 209) of whom had reported experiencing a turning point. Participants also completed measures on the outcome variables (psychological well-being, academic achievement, and parental relationship quality) 3 years prior, when they were in grade 9. MANOVA results indicated that, of the participants who experienced a turning point...

Surviving, striving, and thriving: a qualitative study with former refugees and their service providers in Australia.

Puvimanasinghe, Teresa Daisy Shyamali
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Over the years, the major focus of refugee mental health has been on trauma and psychopathology. Research has reported varying rates of psychiatric disorders among refugees including elevated rates of PTSD compared with the general population in resettlement countries (Beiser, 2014; Fazel, Wheeler, & Danesh, 2005; Steel et al., 2009). More recently, there has also been growing research interest in the resilience, coping and successful adaptation of refugees mainly because the vast majority of refugees in resettlement countries successfully overcome past adversity, manage post-migration stressors, and adapt to their host environments (Simich, 2014). Accordingly Research Project I explored the coping resources and strategies of refugees to overcome past and ongoing distress; and how they find meaning in their life experiences. Research Project II explored the experiences of service providers working with refugees and asylum seekers. In Research Project I (empirical studies 1 and 2), I used qualitative narrative methods (Riessman, 2008; Squire, 2008) to collect and analyse life narratives of 25 former refugees of two African communities (i.e. Sierra Leonean and Burundian) living in the Australian state of South Australia. Research Project II (empirical studies 3 and 4) was conducted with a cross section of 28 physical healthcare...

Meaning Making with Art: Expert and Lay Perspectives in Understanding Artworks and Exhibition Concepts

Bauer, Daniela
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
In the present dissertation aesthetic meaning making is understood as a process combining perceptual, emotional and cognitive shares that can be experienced as more or less successful and satisfying in relation to the final understanding of a painting’s meaning. Referring to different scientific fields, such as philosophy, visual sciences, art history and psychology, it is explained that paintings represent meaning on different levels of abstraction that have to be considered in dependence to multiple contexts, such as personal previous knowledge and level of experience, or the social situation and physical setting in which a painting is viewed. It is discussed how expertise in art influences meaning making by presenting different models and frameworks of aesthetic processing: Developmental models describing identified skills and abilities of beholders in reference to different stages of visual literacy, and cognitive models conceptualizing meaning making as a sequence of perceptual, emotional and cognitive processes that take place while looking at a present work of art. Leder et al.’s cognitive model (2004) that describes aesthetic processing in five stages and considering possible influences of expertise and context is combined with Panofsky’s model of iconography and iconology (1975) that describes a systematic method of art historic art inquiry and built into an integrated model of meaning making used as basic framework for analyses in this dissertation. Studies of aesthetic psychology are reviewed and presented in accordance to Leder et al.’s (2004) and Panofsky’s (1975) model to discuss differences in meaning making of experts and laymen of art. These theoretical and analytical considerations are used to examine the special expertise of art historians in relation to meaning making with art. Referring to the form versus content approach in aesthetic psychology and using the integrated model of aesthetic processing as basic theoretical framework...

Mathematics meaning-making and its relation to design of teaching

Jaworski, B??rbara
Fonte: Grupo de Investigaci??n Did??ctica de la Matem??tica: Pensamiento Num??rico (FQM-193) Publicador: Grupo de Investigaci??n Did??ctica de la Matem??tica: Pensamiento Num??rico (FQM-193)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
A previous version of this paper was presented at the Eighth Congress of European Research in Mathematics Education (CERME 8), 6-10 February 2013, Manavgat-Side, Antalya, Turkey.; This paper addresses the design of teaching to promote engineering students??? conceptual understanding of mathematics, and its outcomes for mathematical meaning-making. Within a developmental research approach, inquiry-based tasks have been designed and evaluated, through the use of competencies proposed for their potential to promote conceptual learning. A sociocultural frame draws attention to interactions between different cultural elements to address challenges to teaching related to student perspectives and the math-ematical meanings they develop. The paper recognizes tensions between design of inquiry-based practice and the outcomes of that practice, and demonstrates the need for new research to address mathematical meanings of a student community within a sociocultural frame.; En este trabajo se aborda el dise??o de la ense??anza para promover la comprensi??n conceptual de las matem??ticas por parte de estudiantes de ingenier??a, y sus resultados para crear significado matem??tico. Dentro de un enfoque de investigaci??n del desarrollo, las tareas se han dise??ado y evaluado a trav??s del uso de competencias propuestas por su potencial para promover aprendizaje conceptual. Un marco sociocultural llama la atenci??n sobre las interacciones entre los diferentes elementos culturales para hacer frente a los retos de la ense??anza en relaci??n a las perspectivas de los estudiantes y los significados matem??ticos que desarrollan. El art??culo reconoce las ten-siones entre el dise??o de la pr??ctica basada en la investigaci??n y los resultados de esa pr??ctica...

"Giving back to society what society gave us": altruism, coping, and meaning making by two refugee communities in South Australia

Puvimanasinghe, T.; Denson, L.A.; Augoustinos, M.; Somasundaram, D.
Fonte: Australian Psychological Society Publicador: Australian Psychological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
We aimed to explore how refugee people utilised their coping resources and strategies to find meaning in their past and present experiences. Using an experience-centred narrative approach, we analysed the stories of 24 former refugees from two African countries resettled in South Australia. Data analysis revealed altruism and helping behaviour as a prominent and recurring theme of participants’ narrated lives. This meta-theme encompassed four subthemes: (a) surviving war and exile, (b) adapting to Australian society, (c) reaching back home, and (d) meaning making through religious beliefs. Helping, cooperating, and sharing were entwined with participants’ coping strategies and meaning making of experience. Participants’ socio-historical, cultural, and religious context influenced the interpretations of their experiences. Taken together, our findings identified a counter narrative in refugee mental health research beyond trauma and psychopathology. Specifically, we have shown that when the refugee experience is also accompanied by situational contingencies such as receiving help and being called upon to help, together with evaluations such as empathy, identification with suffering, and gratitude, people can be motivated to help others. Future research is needed to explore how altruism and helping behaviour can promote healing from trauma...

Clusters' last stand: Toward a theory of the process of meaning-making in science

Chokr, Nader N.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 446 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
The nature of the process of meaning-making in science has been one of the central problems in the philosophy of science of the 20th century. Yet, in spite of strenuous efforts by many able philosophers and historians of science over the past three decades or so, our understanding of this process continues to be unsatisfactory and fragmented at best. The need for an adequate account has been particularly exacerbated by the "infamous" and often misinterpreted problem of incommensurability (of meaning), and its alleged consequence, the incomparability of scientific theories--which presumably threatens the rationality, objectivity, and progress of science. In this project, I argue that a new and revised cluster theory can be articulated, which meets the objections typically raised against (i) traditional (contextual or cluster) theories of meaning (Carnap, Kuhn, Gasking, Putnam, Achinstein) and (ii) theories of reference (Scheffler, Putnam, Kitcher). Such a theory is not only based on more plausible assumptions and principles, but, in addition, it satisfies the main adequacy requirements formulated by proponents of a "cognitive-historical approach" (Shapere, Nersessian, Kuhn). I am thus concerned not just with refuting "the entering wedge" of the argument against a defense of cluster theory...

BOREDOM, OVERLOAD, AND THE CRISIS OF MEANING IN LATE MODERN TEMPORALITY

MOSURINJOHN, SHARDAY
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Boredom, in its blankness, has been both a canvas and a subject for modern artists and intellectuals. Whereas those in the early and mid-twentieth century theorized and aesthetically reencountered the conditions of boredom as a wasteland, boredom appears in the work of today as impossibly dense. Boredom in the semiocapitalist information age only remains blank insofar as it is full to the brim with information of inscrutable complexity and choices without real alternatives. Because boredom is fundamentally an experience of time distorted and emptied of meaning, developing this theory of boredom sustains a critical reflection on the temporality of contemporary everyday life. My approach is through vignettes of communication practices that are attempts at meaning-making and modulating time, but are also, in some sense, boring. After reviewing key literature on boredom pre- and post-digital revolution, I first turn to a consideration of texting. While texting is usually derided as trivial and time-wasting, I consider it as habitual in a compulsive, physical sense, but also ritual, in the sense of something done in a patterned way to affirm a bond. The experience of repeated sending and receiving is analyzed as an experience of accelerating or decelerating interpersonal temporalities. In the next chapter...

Espaço-temporalidade, ressemiotização e letramentos : um estudo sobre os movimentos de significação no terceiro espaço; Spatio-temporality, resemiotization and literacies : a study on the meaning-making movements of third space

Camila Lawson Scheifer
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Esta tese representa uma tentativa de estabelecer teórica e empiricamente possíveis pressupostos para uma pedagogia de letramentos que assuma o espaço como uma prática social - um terceiro espaço - que abarca dimensões tanto materiais quanto simbólicas. Com base em um projeto pedagógico interdisciplinar desenvolvido em uma classe de alunos de quinto ano, o estudo se propõe a gerar uma racionalidade espacial e um conjunto de ferramentas conceituais e analíticas alternativas que nos permitam pensar letramentos e aprendizagem como produtos e produtores de espaço-temporalidades. Estou particularmente interessada em entender como os alunos produzem significação enquanto cruzam espaços diversos através do engajamento com múltiplos letramentos, textos, discursos, atores, objetos, mídias e modalidades, e como esses processos de significação (re)constrõem conhecimentos, subjetividade e relações de poder em sala de aula. Tendo como referência teóricos que afirmam que o espaço não é meramente o pano de fundo estático onde a ação sócio-histórica se desenrola, mas um construto social que resulta de uma série de colonizações temporárias problemáticas que dividem e conectam as coisas em diferentes tipos de coletivos...

Religion's Effect on Mental Health in Schizophrenia: Examining the Roles of Meaning-Making and Seeking Social Support

Tabak, Naomi T.; Weisman de Mamani, Amy
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
While a growing body of research suggests that religion offers mental health benefits for individuals with schizophrenia, few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying this effect. The present study investigated two potential mediators (seeking social support and meaning-making coping) that may elucidate the nature of this relationship. The sample included 112 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Structural equation modeling was used to test whether religion was related to symptom severity and quality of life (QoL), and whether seeking social support and meaning-making coping mediated these effects. As expected, meaning-making coping significantly mediated the effect of intrinsic religion (use of religion as a framework to understand life) on QoL. While extrinsic religion (use of religion as a social convention) was associated with seeking social support, it did not relate to either outcome variable. Findings offer insight into the ways in which religion may improve the mental health of patients with schizophrenia. Results suggest that the adaptive elements of intrinsic religion seen in prior research may be explained by the meaning that religion offers. Clinical interventions that encourage patients to find meaning amidst adversity may improve QoL in this population. Future research would benefit from further investigation of the meaning-making process in individuals with schizophrenia.

Self Realization and Meaning Making in the Face of Adversity: A Eudaimonic Approach to Human Resilience

Ryff, Carol D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
This article considers a eudaimonic approach to psychological well-being built on the integration of developmental, existential and humanistic formulations as well as distant writings of Aristotle. Eudaimonia emphasizes meaning-making, self realization and growth, quality connections to others, self-knowledge, managing life, and marching to one's own drummer. These qualities may be of particular importance in the confrontation with significant life challenges. Prior formulations of resilience are reviewed to underscore the unique features of a eudaimonic approach. Empirical findings on meaning making and self realization are then reviewed to document the capacity of some to maintain high well-being in the face of socioeconomic inequality, the challenges of aging, and in dealing with specific challenges (child abuse, cancer, loss of spouse). Moreover, those who sustain or deepen their well-being as they deal with adversity, show better health profiles, thereby underscoring broader benefits of eudaimonia. How meaning is made and personal capacities realized in the confrontation with challenge is revealed by narrative accounts. Thus, the latter half of the article illustrates human resilience in action via the personal stories of three individuals (Mark Mathabane...

Meaning in work of secondary school teachers: A qualitative study

Fourie,Mandi; Deacon,Elmari
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
In order to identify specific, shared sources of meaning and mechanisms with which individuals attempt to make meaning, the objectives of this study were to explore the way in which secondary school teachers perceive, conceptualise and attain meaning in their work. A qualitative design with a phenomenological strategy was used with a convenience sample (n = 20) of teachers. Semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with open-ended questions were used to gather data. Participants were asked to diarise related issues for five working days following the interview, in order to strengthen and validate the interviews' results. The results showed that the participants conceptualise meaning as purpose and significance, and that the main sources of meaning related to work include the transfer of knowledge, and making a positive difference in the learners' lives. Forming relationships based on trust and receiving feedback was also important. The main mechanisms identified were putting effort into preparations, while this group of participants reported that meaning leads to the experience of happiness and personal satisfaction. Although most of these findings support those in the broader literature, there are differences in the emphasis placed on some of the findings...