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Preconcentration of copper from natural water samples using ligand-less in situ surfactant-based solid phase extraction prior to FAAS determination

Mohammadi,Sayed Zia; Afzali,Daryoush; Sabermahani,Fatemeh; Afshari,Samira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
275.96%
In the present work, a simple and rapid ligand-less, in situ, surfactant-based solid phase extraction for the preconcentration of copper in water samples was developed. In this method, a cationic surfactant (n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide) was dissolved in an aqueous sample followed by the addition of an appropriate ion-pairing agent (ClO4-). Due to the interaction between the surfactant and ion-pairing agent, solid particles were formed and subsequently used for the adsorption of Cu(OH)2 and CuI. After centrifugation, the sediment was dissolved in 1.0 mL of 1 mol L-1 HNO3 in ethanol and aspirated directly into the flame atomic absorption spectrometer. In order to obtain the optimum conditions, several parameters affecting the performance of the LL-ISS-SPE, including the volumes of DTAB, KClO4, and KI, pH, and potentially interfering ions, were optimized. It was found that KI and phosphate buffer solution (pH = 9) could extract more than 95% of copper ions. The amount of copper ions in the water samples varied from 3.2 to 4.8 ng mL-1, with relative standard deviations of 98.5%-103%. The determination of copper in water samples was linear over a concentration range of 0.5-200.0 ng mL-1. The limit of detection (3Sb/m) was 0.1 ng mL-1 with an enrichment factor of 38.7. The accuracy of the developed method was verified by the determination of copper in two certified reference materials...

Ligand-Less in situ Surfactant-Based Solid Phase Extraction for Preconcentration of Cobalt, Nickel and Zinc from Water Samples Prior to their FAAS Determination

Mohammadi,Sayed Z.; Afzali,Daryoush; Fallahi,Zahra; Mehrabi,Asieh; Moslemi,Shima
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
275.99%
A new simple and rapid ligand-less in situ surfactant-based solid phase extraction (LL-ISSPE) was developed for preconcentration of cobalt, nickel and zinc in water samples. In this method, a cationic surfactant containing a proper alkyl group (n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide) is dissolved in the aqueous sample and then a proper ion-pairing agent (ClO4−) is added. Due to the interaction between surfactant and ion-pairing agent, solid particles are formed and precipitate of the analytes was adsorbed on surface of sorbent. After centrifugation, the sediment is dissolved in 3.0 mL HNO3 in ethanol and then aspirated directly into the flame atomic absorption spectrometer. Variables affecting the extraction efficiencies such as pH, concentrations of surfactant and ion pair, CO32− amount, extraction time, time and rate of centrifuge were optimized. Detection limits for Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) based on 3Sb/m were 1.0, 1.5 and 0.3 ng mL−1, respectively. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of cobalt...