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The Future of Library Education in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities; O futuro da educação em biblioteconomia no Brasil: oportunidades e desafios

Ferreira, Sueli Mara Soares Pinto; Dudziak, Elisabeth Adriana
Fonte: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; Singapura Publicador: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; Singapura
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
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After a comprehensive study in all the Brazilian municipalities aiming to analyze the quality and number of existing libraries, the Brazilian government passed a law in 2010 that provides about the universalization of libraries in the teaching institutions in the country, especially in elementary teaching schools, both in the government and private institutions. Owing to this, the country is faced with the pressing need of building 130 thousand libraries until 2020, which means building 34 units a day. Likewise, an emergency proposal is necessary to prepare librarian professionals capable of managing such spaces. As from a historical view of the evolution of the libraries and of librarianship courses in Brazil, our aim is to discuss the current demands and the possibilities of capacity-building of professionals to act in library spaces, observing the existing courses at technical, undergraduate and graduate (strictu sensu master and doctoral) levels and, lastly, the present proposal of forming librarians by means of distance education.

Biblioteca escolar: um espaço necessário para leitura na escola; School library: space needed for reading in school

Alonso, Claudia Maria Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/08/2007 PT
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Esta dissertação pretende, a partir de uma revisão de literatura e da análise dos dados coletados pelos alunos da disciplina de Metodologia do Ensino de Língua Portuguesa da Universidade de São Paulo, colocar em pauta algumas questões relativas ao trabalho de leitura na escola e ao papel da biblioteca escolar na formação do leitor literário nos dias de hoje. Procede-se a uma análise dos documentos oficiais que norteiam a ação das escolas para perceber como são debatidos os assuntos objeto de nossa pesquisa. Busca-se compreender como a biblioteca escolar está inserida na escola, e levantar pontos relativos à formação inicial e continuada do professor no que tange à formação do leitor na escola e à biblioteca escolar. Em seguida, busca-se resgatar exemplos de sucesso de planos educacionais de outros países, a saber, Portugal e França, e suas políticas públicas direcionadas para esse espaço pedagógico. Procura-se identificar qual o conceito atual de biblioteca escolar e como é a formação do professor responsável pela biblioteca no ensino básico. Ao compreender essa relação biblioteca escolar-leitura-professor-alunos, pretendemos levantar questões pertinentes aos temas norteadores dessa pesquisa tanto na formação inicial quanto na continuada dos professores que trabalham com leitura na escola.; This dissertation aims at raising some discussions related to the work done in schools today when it comes to reading and the role of the library in the formation of the students as readers nowadays. In order to do that...

Evolving Educational Objectives of Library Schools *

Jahoda, Gerald
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1968 EN
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Library school objectives are characterized in terms of research, teaching, and student recruitment. The absence of a theoretical framework for much of what is being taught, the small amount of research in library schools, and the shortage of library school teachers are cited as major problems of library schools. Increased interest in the problems of librarianship by researchers in other areas, higher salaries for library school teachers and beginning librarians, and increased financial support for research and scholarships are given as encouraging signs of progress toward the solution of these problems.

Library School Education for Medical Librarianship *

Roper, Fred W.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1979 EN
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This paper reviews the current situation in library school education for medical librarianship in the United States and Canada based on information from a questionnaire sent to teachers of courses in medical librarianship in accredited library schools. Since 1939, when the first course devoted entirely to medical librarianship was offered at Columbia University, courses have been introduced into the curricula of at least forty-seven of the ALA-accredited library schools. In 1978 there were seventy courses available through forty-seven library schools. Possibilities for specialization in medical librarianship are examined. Course content is reviewed. Implications of the MLA certification examination for library school courses are explored.

Helminthiasis and Hygiene Conditions of Schools in Ikenne, Ogun State, Nigeria

Ekpo, Uwem Friday; Odoemene, Simon Nnayere; Mafiana, Chiedu Felix; Sam-Wobo, Sammy Olufemi
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/01/2008 EN
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We studied intestinal helminth infection status in primary-school children and the hygiene conditions of primary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria in order to help guide the development of school-based health programmes. Two government-owned schools (one urban and the other rural) plus one privately owned school participated in the study. Demographic data from 257 children showed that the number of schoolchildren gradually decreased as their ages increased in all the three schools. The sex ratio was proportional in the urban school until primary level three, after which the number of female pupils gradually decreased, whereas in the private school, sexes were proportionally distributed even in higher classes. The prevalence of helminth infection in 232 of the children, however, was 54.9%, 63.5%, and 28.4% in the urban government, rural government, and private school, respectively. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most common parasite, followed by Trichuris trichiura, Taenia species, and hookworm in the three schools. Infection in the government-owned schools was significantly higher than in the private school (p<0.0005). The hygiene condition in the three schools indicated that water supply and sanitation were poorer in government schools than in the private school. We therefore propose that school health programmes such as deworming...

Modeling Social Network Topologies in Elementary Schools

Huerta-Quintanilla, Rodrigo; Canto-Lugo, Efrain; Viga-de Alva, Dolores
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/02/2013 EN
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Complex networks are used to describe interactions in many real world systems, including economic, biological and social systems. An analysis was done of inter-student friendship, enmity and kinship relationships at three elementary schools by building social networks of these relationships and studying their properties. Friendship network measurements were similar between schools and produced a Poisson topology with a high clustering index. Enmity network measurements were also similar between schools and produced a power law topology. Spatial confinement and the sense of belonging to a social group played vital roles in shaping these networks. Two models were developed which generate complex friendship and enmity networks that reproduce the properties observed at the three studied elementary schools.

Rethinking the Core List of Journals for Libraries that Serve Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy

Beckett, Robert D.; Cole, Sabrina W.; Rogers, Hannah K.; Bickett, Skye; Seeger, Christina; McDaniel, Jennifer A.
Fonte: Medical Library Association Publicador: Medical Library Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2014 EN
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The Core List of Journals for Libraries that Serve Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy is a guide for developing and maintaining pharmacy-affiliated library collections. A work group was created to update the list and design a process for updating that will streamline future revisions. Work group members searched the National Library of Medicine catalog for an initial list of journals and then applied inclusion criteria to narrow the list. The work group finalized the fifth edition of the list with 225 diverse publications and produced a sustainable set of criteria for journal inclusion, providing a structured, objective process for future updates.

Ethics instruction in library and information science : the role of “ethics across the curriculum”

Todd Smith, Bernie (1949 - ); Curren, Randall ; Wall, Andrew F. (1972 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester. Publicador: University of Rochester.
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xii, 314 leaves
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester, Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 2010.; Ethics is an important element of most graduate professional training programs. In the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) the inclusion of ethics in the curriculum is supported by a position paper by library educators and is monitored in the accreditation of graduate programs. Despite the many LIS programs which claim to integrate ethics, few authors have examined how they are accomplishing this integration, and fewer still have explored the nature of the integration. The purpose of this research is to expand the descriptive literature on the current teaching of ethics in graduate LIS programs by investigating ethics integration across the curriculum. The research describes the views and experiences of administrators and teachers on institution-wide tactics for integration of ethics across the curriculum. The research also details the strategies that teachers used to integrate ethics into existing core courses in LIS curricula. The conceptual framework, which grounds this study of the integration of ethics, is based on the taxonomy of the teaching of professional ethics. The research is based on a qualitative methodology that uses sequential data gathering...

Textbooks and School Library : Provision in Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
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This study discusses secondary textbook and school library availability in Africa, its cost and financing, and its distribution and publishing. The study objective is to analyze the issues and provide some options and strategies for improvement. Reforms are urgently required in the secondary school systems of most African countries in order to: (a) reduce the number of textbooks and reference books required by secondary education curricula; (b) reduce the unit costs of textbooks; (c) increase the target book life thus increasing cost amortization and reducing annual textbook fees/budgets; (d) increase the financing allocated to textbook provision from either government or parents and; (e) ensure that curricula change does not make expensive materials redundant too early or too often. The conclusion to be drawn is that if a reliable market exists local publishing can develop to service it, even in direct competition with multinationals. The market does not necessarily have to be large. The critical factor is predictability. If publishers are confident that funding will be available...

The Perception of Library and Information Science Journals by LIS Education Deans and ARL Library Directors: A Replication of the Kohl-Davis Study

Nisonger, Thomas E.; Davis, Charles H.
Fonte: Association of College & Research Libraries Publicador: Association of College & Research Libraries
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1301214 bytes; application/pdf
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Analyzing the collective opinion of presumed experts, often termed a per- ception study, is a frequently used approach for rating journals or evaluating education programs. Replicating the 1985 Kohl–Davis study, seventy-one library and information science (LIS) journals are ranked according to their mean rating on a 1 to 5 ordinal scale by deans of ALA-accredited educa- tion programs and by the directors of ARL libraries (surveyed during the summer of 2003). Comparison of the results with the 1985 study found considerable continuity in journal perceptions over the past two decades, but more so by directors than deans. A weak to moderate correlation was found between deans’ ratings and Journal Citation Reports citation scores, whereas the correlations between directors’ perceptions and citation data were weak to nonexistent. The findings confirm a hierarchy of prestige among LIS journals, but the hierarchical order differs somewhat between deans and directors.

La importancia de las bibliotecas escolares en la educación: la biblioteca de Amelia; The importance od school libraries in education: Amelia's library

Fernández Aguado, María Soledad
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
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RESUMEN: La lectura es una actividad muy demandada en las escuelas y como es evidente desempeña un papel fundamental en la etapa escolar. Por este motivo, es esencial fomentar entre el alumnado el amor por la lectura desde un lugar muy necesario en los colegios, una biblioteca escolar. Con este trabajo se pretende explicar la importancia que tienen estos espacios en la educación, principalmente para fomentar el hábito lector entre el alumnado. Por otro lado, en este estudio se realiza un análisis y descripción de una experiencia escolar en la biblioteca del C.E.I.P Gerardo Diego de Los Corrales de Buelna, la biblioteca de Amelia. Por último, se ofrece una propuesta didáctica con actividades que permiten trabajar las ideas plasmadas en este trabajo.; ABSTRACT: Reading is a very demanded activity in schools and obviously plays a key role in the school stage. For this reason, it is essential to increase the love of reading among students from a necessary place in schools, a school library. This work aims to explain the importance of this space in education, mainly to encourage the student habit reader. On the other hand, in this study there are an analysis and description of a school experience in the library of the elementary school Gerardo Diego in Los Corrales de Buelna...

Profile of planning: A study of a three-year project on the implementation of collaborative library media programs

Farwell, Sybil M
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The implementation of collaborative planning and teaching models in ten flexibly scheduled elementary and middle school library media centers was studied to determine which factors facilitated the collaborative planning process and to learn what occurs when library media specialists (LMSs) and classroom teachers (CTs) plan together. In this qualitative study, 61 principals, CTs, and LMSs were interviewed on a range of topics including the principal's role, school climate, the value of team planning, the importance of information literacy instruction, and the ideal learning environment. Other data sources were observations, videotapes of planning sessions, and documents. This three-year school reform effort was funded by the Library Power Project to improve library programs, to encourage collaborative planning, and to increase curricular integration of information literacy skills instruction. ^ The findings included a description of typical planning sessions and the identification of several major factors which impacted the success of collaborative planning: the individuals involved, school climate, time for planning, the organization of the school, the facility and collection, and training. Of these factors, the characteristics and actions of the people involved were most critical to the implementation of the innovation. The LMS was the pivotal player and...

Understanding the foundation: the state of generalist search education in library schools as related to the needs of expert searchers in medical libraries

Nicholson, Scott
Fonte: Medical Library Association Publicador: Medical Library Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2005 EN
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Purpose: The paper explores the current state of generalist search education in library schools and considers that foundation in respect to the Medical Library Association's statement on expert searching.

MEDLINE training within the library school curriculum: quality control and future trends.

Berk, R A; Davidson, R W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1978 EN
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In order to assess the current status of MEDLINE training provided by schools of library science, a survey was conducted of those schools having an educational identification code issued by the National Library of Medicine. Information was gathered on such variables as the instructors' background and preparation, the course objectives and content, and the amount of on-line experience provided to students in each of eleven programs. An evaluation of these measures indicates that more opportunities to gain experience in using MEDLINE should be initiated by library schools and that current efforts should be continued and expanded. Specific recommendations for accomplishing these goals are outlined; they are addressed to health sciences librarians, library school educators, the Medical Library Association, and the National Library of Medicine.

High Blood Pressure among Students in Public and Private Schools in Maceió, Brazil

Ferreira, Haroldo S.; Lúcio, Glícia Maris A.; Assunção, Monica L.; Silva, Bárbara Coelho V.; Oliveira, Juliana S.; Florêncio, Telma Maria M. T.; Geraldes, Amandio Aristides R.; Horta, Bernardo L.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/11/2015 EN
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The prevalence of hypertension in childhood is increasing, and investigation of its distribution is important for planning timely interventions. This study assessed the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) and associated factors in students between 9 and 11 years of age enrolled in public and private schools in Maceió, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed in a probabilistic sample of students (10.3 ± 0.5 years). The students were selected from a systematic sampling of 80 schools (40 public and 40 private). To maintain similar proportions of students existing in public and private schools in Maceió, 21 and 14 students were randomly selected from each public and private school, respectively. The prevalence ratio (PR) was estimated using Poisson regression. A total of 1,338 students were evaluated (800 from public schools and 538 from private schools). No differences were observed between school types in terms of student age and gender (p > 0.05). The prevalence of obesity (19.9% vs. 9.0%; PR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.67–2.92) and hypertension (21.2% vs. 11.4%; PR = 1.86; 95% CI = 1.45–2.40) were higher in private schools. The association between high blood pressure and type of school (public or private) remained statistically significant even after adjustment for obesity (PR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.19–1.97). In conclusion: (a) students from private schools have higher socioeconomic status...

Formation of the school librarian: case study of the course of Library and Information Science at UFSCar; Formação do bibliotecário escolar: estudo de caso sobre o curso de Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informação da UFSCar

Andrade, Tiago Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2013 POR
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Education of the XXI Century presents new opportunities for learning for pupils, teachers and families within the school environment, changes in the pace of learning, the search for the student become autonomous, participative and aware of its responsibility in the educational process is one of the challenges of school in this century. Prepare this student to be a critical citizen, active face of the challenges of his life and the community which lives, experiences, and socialization is also modifies task for that 'new school'. To solidify this education is necessary to use various school environments, including the school library that presents itself as an integral part of the educational process and work together with the teacher in this environment will give students the information literacy, autonomy in reading and writing. The librarian fits your educational activities within this new space that has changed along with the learning processes and the need for new formulation of the schools of librarianship in order to ensure that the process, integration of the student and educator are realized and the librarian to fulfill its role of informing student. The research methodology of the study sought to know the reality of school libraries and curriculum of the course of Library and Information Science UFSCar to identify whether it is prepared to act in the area of basic education. The results are evidence that changes should be made to approximate the pedagogical practice of the professional librarian.; A educação do Século XXI apresenta novas perspectivas de aprendizado para alunos...

Reflections on the formation of the law library of the Largo de São Francisco law school: from the 19th century to the present day; Reflexões sobre a formação do acervo da Academia de Direito do Largo de São Francisco: do século XIX aos nossos dias

Maria, Maíra Cunha de Souza; Beffa, Maria Lucia; Novaes, Sérgio Carlos; Jastwebski, Sílvia Mara de Andrade
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2013 POR
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The paper presents some reflections about the history of formation of Brazilian law schools libraries in the 19th Century, in special, those of the University of São Paulo Law School library. The first Sao Paulo Public Library, founded in 1825, was important in the decision to transform the Convent of the Franciscan friars into a Law School, created by an Imperial Decree, because of its bibliographic fund of 5.000 books, mostly about ecclesiastical subjects, was considered very proeminent for Brazilian cultural patterns at the time. This has been qualified as an important academic law library in Latin America and has been a “moral depository” throughout its history, because it has received donations of authors from various locations around the country, which aimed their works available in this library. Currently, this fund is estimated at approximately 400.000 items, included donations made by public personalities. Another subject is about the establishment of criteria for selection of material - editorial board, authors, relevance of the subjects etc. - caused by the editorial boom occurred in the 1990s, concomitant with the increase of law schools in the country. It was called the reflection of who acts in legal research to focus on the relevant points in the selection of works...

The anytime anyplace degree in information resources and library science

Buehler, Marianne
Fonte: Haworth Information Press Publicador: Haworth Information Press
Tipo: Pré-impressão Formato: 319488 bytes; application/pdf
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The innovative distance education program at the School of Information Resources and Library Science is a model for higher education and the information industry for instructing information specialists and librarians on how to move information from place-to-place and from person-to-person. Geographically dispersed students directly experience electronic learning and communication via the Internet. Looking ahead to the future, this electronic wave of disseminating knowledge is increasingly more in demand and requires skills and expertise to successfully serve a clientele. This distance education program may be the only way a graduate student interested in information resources and library science can complete a program given his or her geographic location or other responsiblities that preclude moving near a university or driving long distances.

Perspectives of information literacy: librarians’ educational practices in Brazilian schools; Perspectivas de letramento informacional no Brasil: práticas educativas de bibliotecários em escolas de ensino básico

Campello, Bernadete Santos; UFMG - Belo Horizonte - MG
Fonte: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC Publicador: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/05/2010 POR
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This research aims to understand the educational practice of Brazilian school librarians, seeking to clarify: whether this practice is restricted to the promotion of reading, if librarians are involved in teaching informational skills and in what extent they are contributing to student’s information literacy. Analysis was made based on a qualitative/interpretative approach. The sample group was made up of 28 librarians, 14 of them from government schools and 14 from private schools, from nine different states. Data were collected through reports, interviews and group discussion. Results showed that the main focus of the librarian educational practice is on attracting students to the library and reading. Librarians’ performance in regard to the research process proves true the assumption that there is an incipient action toward the practice of information literacy in Brazilian school libraries, but librarians still need to move further in order to contribute effectively to develop student’s information literacy.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1518-2924.2010v15n29p184A presente pesquisa tem como objetivo compreender a prática educativa de bibliotecários brasileiros que atuam em escolas de ensino básico, buscando esclarecer: se esta prática está restrita à promoção da leitura...

Issues and challenges facing school libraries in selected primary schools in Gauteng Province, South Africa

Paton-Ash,Margie; Wilmot,Di
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
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There is no national policy for school libraries which compels school governing bodies and principals to have a library in their schools. It is thus not surprising that in 2011, only 21% of state schools had libraries, only 7% had stocked libraries and 79% of schools had no library at all (Department of Basic Education (DBE) Republic of South Africa, 2011a:23). This article forms part of a broader qualitative study which investigated 10 primary schools in Gauteng Province, South Africa that had libraries, or were in the process of setting up a library, with the intention of providing a rich description of the issues and challenges facing these schools. The 10 schools used in this study were chosen on the basis of their location and fee structures. They represented the full continuum of fees within the state structure. In this article, we discuss three core categories of predicaments faced by primary school libraries. These were resourcing the library, operating the library and the role of the library. Our main contention is that school libraries are not playing an effective role in supporting and enabling quality education for all South African children. This needs to be addressed by government as a matter of urgency.