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Desempenho de crianças com transtorno fonológico no test of language development primary 3 adaptado para o Português Brasileiro; Performance of phonological disordered children in the test of language development primary 3 adapted to Brazilian Portuguese

Broggio, Francine Tovo Ortigoso
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
A heterogeneidade do Transtorno Fonológico tem suscitado muitas discussões e despertado a atenção dos pesquisadores quanto a importância de se descrever detalhadamente as características fonológicas dos sujeitos que o apresentam. Instrumentos específicos que contribuem para o diagnóstico diferencial desse Transtorno de outras alterações de linguagem possibilitam maior precisão na sua identificação. O presente estudo teve como objetivo descrever o desempenho de crianças com Transtorno Fonológico no Test of Language Development Primary 3 adaptado para o Português Brasileiro. Participaram da pesquisa 91 sujeitos, de ambos os gêneros, com idades variando de 4:0 a 8:10 anos, sendo 76 crianças com desenvolvimento típico de fala e linguagem (grupo controle) e 15 crianças com Transtorno Fonológico (grupo pesquisa). Foram aplicados os subtestes do Test of Language Development Primary 3 adaptado em todos os sujeitos, e analisados os escores padrão dos subtestes e os quocientes dos índices compostos. Também foram analisadas as correlações entre os índices Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised do ABFW e o Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised do Test of Language Development Primary 3 adaptado, e, entre cada um desses índices e os escores padrão dos subtestes e os quocientes do teste. Foi ainda analisada a associação entre histórico de otite...

Um discurso sobre a escolarização da língua materna: língua, linguagem e lingua(gem); A discourse on the schooling of the native language: language, language and language

Favaretto, Simone Aparecida Conceição
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/04/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Este estudo teve o objetivo de problematizar a maneira como o ensino de língua materna pode funcionar como forma de modelar as subjetividades contemporâneas, nas interações vivenciadas pela criança-aluno que ocorrem na escola, da mesma forma que esse ensino evidencia a modelação das redes locais em relação ao sistema nacional. Em um diálogo cauteloso entre Michel Foucault, a Psicanálise e a Linguística, a teia discursiva que se estrutura a partir de tema tão complexo foi analisada, assim como sua forma de captura dos sujeitos no ambiente escolar e no próprio discurso educacional em vigor. Da análise do discurso foram utilizados elementos para compreender e fazer viver os saberes, postos no currículo de língua portuguesa de uma rede municipal do sistema educacional brasileiro, os quais, tratados como discurso de seus atores sociais sobre o manejo no ensino da língua materna, responderam às seguintes questões: Qual a relevância da comunicação, da linguagem, da língua e dos sujeitos no ensino de língua materna? Como se entende a formação do sujeito de linguagem? Quais são as práticas discursivas desejadas na articulação sujeitos-atores e língua, nas propostas de ensino da língua materna? Qual a importância das diferenças individuais nas políticas de ensino de língua materna? A delimitação dos referenciais teóricos que sustentam o ensino de língua materna como objeto de conhecimento e como estratégia de governamentalidade...

O que há de materno na língua? : considerações sobre os sentidos de língua materna no processo de gramatização brasileira nos séculos XIX e XX; What is so motherly-like in the language? : regards about the sense of mother tongue in the Brazilian grammatisation process in the XIX and XX centuries

José Edicarlos de Aquino
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/02/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
Os sentidos da expressão língua materna no período inicial do processo de gramatização brasileira constituem o objeto de investigação deste trabalho, que assume uma concepção histórica e discursiva do sentido e se assenta em um campo teórico-metodológico que considera constitutiva a relação entre história do saber metalinguístico e história da língua, a História das Ideias Linguísticas. Para situar historicamente a questão, realiza-se primeiramente um estudo da emergência da expressão língua materna no Ocidente. Partindo-se da análise geral dos primeiros registros conhecidos da expressão no Ocidente, analisa-se especificadamente o funcionamento da expressão nas gramáticas de Júlio Ribeiro e de Alfredo Gomes no Brasil da virada do século XIX para o XX, de forma a compreender como ressoam nas obras dos autores brasileiros os sentidos de língua materna construídos ao longo de séculos na Europa. A hipótese apresentada é a de que língua materna é uma construção histórica cujos sentidos acompanham fortemente o processo de gramatização e constituição das línguas nacionais e do Estado nacional. Diante da ausência de registros anteriores ao século XII, a expressão língua materna é considerada uma invenção medieval...

Instrumentos linguísticos de Língua Brasileira de Sinais : constituição e formulação = Linguistic instruments of Brazilian Sign Language: constitution and formulation; Linguistic instruments of Brazilian Sign Language : constitution and formulation

Nilce Maria da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
Esta tese tem como objetivo compreender a história da produção de conhecimento sobre a Língua Brasileira de Sinais - LIBRAS, na relação com os sujeitos e com o Estado. Busca, principalmente, compreender o modo de funcionamento do dicionário, enquanto instrumento linguístico, sua constituição e formulação, a partir do olhar da História das Ideias Linguísticas em articulação com a Análise de Discurso. Distinguimos três períodos principais na produção desses intrumentos. O primeiro diz respeito à publicação da Iconografia dos Signaes dos Surdos- Mudos, de Flausino José da Gama, em 1875, obra fundadora do saber lexicográfico sobre a língua de sinais do Brasil, conforme lemos nas análises e nos discursos sobre ela. A produção de instrumentos lexicográficos foi, entretanto, interrompida por quase um século, até sua retomada na década de 1960, devido a fatores relacionados à proibição da língua de sinais instituída a partir do Congresso de Milão, em 1880. O segundo período que identificamos, portanto, está constituído por um conjunto de obras publicadas desde os anos 1960 até a década de 1990: Linguagem das Mãos (1969), do Pe. Eugênio Oates; Linguagem de Sinais do Brasil (1983), de Harry Hoemann...

Avaliação de linguagem infantil em situação naturalística e contexto grupal; Assessment of child language in naturalistic group context

Amanda Brait Zerbeto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
Na Clínica Fonoaudiológica, a avaliação de linguagem é o processo que permite ao fonoaudiólogo caracterizar e analisar a linguagem da criança, e que fornece subsídios para a conduta a ser adotada pelo profissional. A abordagem sócio interacionista de aquisição de linguagem considera a linguagem como a atividade pela qual o sujeito constrói seu conhecimento de mundo. Linguagem e conhecimento do mundo passam pela mediação do outro, o interlocutor, com destaque para a relação dialógica no acesso ao simbólico. Dessa concepção de linguagem decorrem propostas de avaliação em contextos que permitam a observação dos diferentes aspectos da linguagem. Constituem exemplo disso as situações naturalísticas, preferencialmente em grupo, em que se propicia a interação da criança com diferentes interlocutores (adulto e crianças), e com atividades apropriadas à faixa etária das crianças - tipicamente situações de brincadeira. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever aspectos e contribuições de uma proposta de avaliação de linguagem em situação naturalística e em grupo, de crianças entre 1:9 e 3:0 anos (projeto aprovado pelo CEP - Unicamp, protocolo 399/2011). Participaram do estudo nove crianças...

Constructing clinical judgments about preschool pragmatic language skills : an action research study

Boje, Noreen Susan ; Borasi, Raffaella ; Mock, Martha
Fonte: University of Rochester. Publicador: University of Rochester.
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:ix, 214 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Thesis (Ed. D.)--University of Rochester. Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 2009.; The literature suggests that children who struggle with communication during social interactions, called pragmatic language in the field of speech language pathology, have fewer opportunities to engage in social practices that promote learning because of inadequate skills in interacting with others. Children with even subtle difficulties in pragmatic language tend to have fewer friends, and more difficulties with aspects of behavior, mental health and learning. The American Speech-Language and Hearing Association recommends that pragmatic language assessment be part of complete communication assessment; however, research indicates this area is not assessed in a majority of children. Furthermore, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) do not always share the same definition of pragmatic language nor consistent ways to assess it. There are at least three distinctly different theoretical frameworks available to inform speech-language pathologists (SLPs) about the nature of pragmatic language, each suggesting different units of analysis and assessment tools. This, in turn, can result in an educational problem as, depending on the theoretical framework of the SLP evaluating them...

Perceptions of Technology and Manifestations of Language Learner Autonomy

Bordonaro, Karen
Fonte: Computer-Assisted Language Learning Electronic Journal Publicador: Computer-Assisted Language Learning Electronic Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
a grounded theory study investigating perceptions of technology by learners of English as a second language

A Processability Approach to the Acquisition of Italian as a Second Language: Theory and Applications

Di Biase, Bruno
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
This thesis concerns the acquisition of Italian as a second language in instructed adult and child learners within the framework of Processability Theory (Pienemann 1998) with particular reference to morphological and syntactic development. It also contains some contributions to an extension of the theory itself, particularly the development of syntax, leading to a new exploration of the interface between discourse-pragmatics and syntax in L2 learners. The empirical longitudinal and cross-sectional studies on which these papers are based support Processability Theory’s universal developmental implicational hierarchy based on the hypothesised processing procedures in Levelt (1989). The second part of the thesis investigates the development of Italian L2 in primary school programs, testing both PT and Focus-on-form instruction. This study demonstrates that PT can be applied to classroom contexts and that it promotes more efficient language development in child-learners within existing school Italian L2 program time and resources constraints. This work also revealed that focused feedback is effective in promoting acquisition and accuracy in L2 production. This classroom- based quasi-experimental longitudinal study was supported by the Australian Research Council and Industry partner CoAsIt...

Grammar rules, OK? What works when teaching a highly endangered Aboriginal language versus a stronger language?

Gale, Mary-Anne
Fonte: Australian Linguistic Society; http://www.als.asn.au Publicador: Australian Linguistic Society; http://www.als.asn.au
Tipo: Conference paper; Published Version Formato: 22 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
This paper examines the pedagogy of teaching an Aboriginal language under revival such as Ngarrindjeri, versus a stronger language, such as Pitjantjatjara—both languages of South Australia. It challenges the current recommended methodologies based on theory inspired by teaching European and Asian languages, which are invariably spoken fluently by language teachers. These communicative and/or functional approaches are often not possible for the revival situation, particularly if there are no fluent speakers or teachers, and the main source of language texts are written. For this reason, the use of the traditional Grammar Translation Method, once used successfully to teach text-based languages such as Latin and Classical Greek, is arguably a very useful approach for the revival situation. The paper explores the different approaches to teaching languages, and challenges teachers’ fears of criticism from advisers driven by theory that sees ‘eclectic’ as a dirty word.; ANU College of Arts & Social Sciences, School of Language Studies; ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, School of Culture, History and Language; The conference proceedings can be found at http://hdl.handle.net/1885/9404. "The 2011 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society was ... hosted jointly by the School of Language Studies and the School of Culture...

Simplifying a system: a story of language change in Lelepa, Vanuatu

Lacrampe, Sébastien
Fonte: Australian Linguistic Society; http://www.als.asn.au Publicador: Australian Linguistic Society; http://www.als.asn.au
Tipo: Conference paper; Published Version Formato: 22 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
This paper focuses on the problem posed by the vowel surfacing during two encliticization processes in Lelepa (Oceanic, Vanuatu), with the nominalizer =na ‘NMLZ’ and the pronominal =s ‘OBL’. For instance, the verbs faam ‘eat’, mat ‘dead’ and fan ‘go:IRR’ are derived as nafaamina ‘food’, nmatena ‘funeral’ and nafanona ‘departure’. While the base forms have the same vowel /a/, those vowels surfacing before =na seem unpredictable. This paper discusses several possible explanations for these vowels and shows that both historical and phonological approaches are needed to account for them. Still, there is variation in the nominalisation of certain native verbs such as raik ‘fish with hand spear’, which is derived as either naraikana or naraikina ‘hand spear fishing’. It is shown that while naraikana is accounted for in diachrony, naraikina results from a reanalysis process indicated by intergenerational variation.; ANU College of Arts & Social Sciences, School of Language Studies; ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, School of Culture, History and Language; The conference proceedings can be found at http://hdl.handle.net/1885/9404. "The 2011 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society was ... hosted jointly by the School of Language Studies and the School of Culture...

Relationships among speech perception, production, language, hearing loss, and age in children with impaired hearing

Blamey, P.; Sarant, J.; Paatsch, L.; Barry, J.; Bow, C.; Wales, R.; Wright, M.; Psarros, C.; Rattigan, K.; Tooher, R.
Fonte: Amer Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc Publicador: Amer Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Eighty-seven primary-school children with impaired hearing were evaluated using speech perception, production, and language measures over a 3-year period. Forty-seven children with a mean unaided pure-tone-average hearing loss of 106 dB HL used a 22-electrode cochlear implant, and 40 with a mean unaided puretone-average hearing loss of 78 dB HL were fitted with hearing aids. All children were enrolled in oral/aural habilitation programs, and most attended integrated classes with normally hearing children for part of the time at school. Multiple linear regression was used to describe the relationships among the speech perception, production, and language measures, and the trends over time. Little difference in the level of performance and trends was found for the two groups of children, so the perceptual effect of the implant is equivalent, on average, to an improvement of about 28 dB in hearing thresholds. Scores on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals showed an upward trend at about 60% of the rate for normally hearing children. Rates of improvement for individual children were not correlated significantly with degree of hearing loss. The children showed a wide scatter about the average speech production score of 40% of words correctly produced in spontaneous conversations...

On the issues of language contact and language shift in Tok Pisin - focusing on two "non-standard" varieties: highlands pidgin and anglicised pidgin.

Wakizaka, Miwako
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
Tok Pisin is the most prevailing common language in Papua New Guinea. It was originally an English lexifier pidgin language and has developed as the virtual universal lingua franca in this multilingual country where over 850 indigenous languages are spoken today (Nekitel 1998). The term Tok Pisin covers a large number of varieties due to the various social and linguistic backgrounds of its speakers. Traditionally, the rural varieties which are spoken in Coastal and Island areas are regarded as mainstream Tok Pisin and previous studies have mainly focused on these varieties. However, since the social and linguistic situation in the country has continuously changed and the language contact between Tok Pisin and both substratum languages and the superstratum language, English, continues, the varieties which were regarded as “non-standard” seem to play an important role, especially in the context of language contact and language shift today. Therefore, with respect to the roles that “non-standard” varieties play and their features, many gaps still remain. Most studies have focused on standard varieties. In order to fill in the gaps, this study will address the issues of language contact and language shift in Tok Pisin, mainly focusing on two “nonstandard” varieties. One is Highlands Pidgin which is spoken mainly in the Highlands area of the country. Because of the increase of emigrant population from Highlands to other regions...

The use of complaint letters as an authentic source of input for an interactive task in second language learning

Widodo, H.
Fonte: National University of Singapore, Centre for Language Studies Publicador: National University of Singapore, Centre for Language Studies
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
This article reports empirical findings from a micro-interactional analysis of the use of complaint letters as an authentic source of input for an interactive task that intermediate level university students performed in the ESL context. The present research study aims to examine whether the tasks of comprehending, responding to, and discussing complaint letters engage students in socially, cognitively and linguistically laden undertakings. Three international students from Brazil, Saudi Arabia and Taiwan participated voluntarily in this research study. These participants were asked to comprehend, respond to and discuss complaint letters, which served as an authentic source of input for these tasks. The recorded audio data were transcribed, coded and analyzed through a micro-interactional analysis. The key findings are that the use of complaint letters enabled: passive and active engagement in peer interaction; meaning making of the input content; meaning negotiation; cognitive and emotional responses to the input; prior knowledge or experience activation; and the deployment of discourse markers in dialogic interaction. The findings suggest that the use of appropriate authentic texts as interactional input affords students the opportunity to engage in tasks personally and meaningfully.; http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/84430669/use-complaint-letters-as-authentic-source-input-interactive-task-second-language-learning; Handoyo Puji Widodo

"Realistic prescriptivism" : the Academy of the Hebrew language, its campaign of "good grammar" and Lexpionage, and native Israeli speakers

Zuckermann, G.
Fonte: Israeli Association for the Study of Language and Society Publicador: Israeli Association for the Study of Language and Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? 'Who will guard the guardians themselves?' (Iuvenalis, Satirae, vi, 347-8). Over the past century, Israeli – a.k.a. "Modern Hebrew" – has become the primary mode of communication in all domains of public and private life in Israel. Linguistic issues are so sensitive in Israel that politicians are often involved. For example, in an article in Ha'aretz (June 21, 2004), politician Yossi Sarid attacked the (most widespread) "common language of éser shekel" as inarticulate and monstrous, and urged citizens to take up arms, fight it and protect "Hebrew". However, most Israelis say éser shékel 'ten shekels' rather than asar-á shkal-ím, the latter literally meaning 'ten (feminine) shekels (masculine plural)', and thus having a "polarity-of-gender agreement" - with a feminine numeral and a masculine plural noun. Brought into being by legislation in 1953 as the supreme institute for Hebrew, the Academy of the Hebrew Language prescribes standards for Israeli grammar, lexis, orthography, transcription and vocalization (vowel marking) "based upon the study of Hebrew's historical development". This paper provides a critical analysis of the Academy's mission, as intriguingly defined in its constitution: "to direct the development of Hebrew in light of its nature". It sheds light on the dynamics of the committees' meetings...

Language ecology and language planning in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand.

Oupra, Simmee
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
'Language Ecology and Language Planning in Chiang Rai, Thailand' had three main aims: to study the language ecology and sub-ecologies of Chiang Rai province, to study the factors and forces that affect the language ecology, and to study language plans and language policies in Chiang Rai. This study employed two main frameworks: theoretical and methodological framework. The theoretical construct is based on a parameter rich linguistic theory, Ecolinguistics, where concepts and parameters from linguistics and non-linguistics disciplines are employed. The parameter rich theory assists immensely in the understanding of language as it believes that language is interconnected with the world and the world with language. The study was conducted using ethnography as the methodological framework due to it allowing a wide array of data collection methods which include document studies, observation, participant observation, recorded and unrecorded interviews, personal communications and field notes. Moreover, ethnography provided an opportunity to reflect on the researcher's multiple identities and in varying degrees as insider and outsider. Data collection was conducted in Chiang Rai and six villages in three districts; two districts in the Greater Mae Khong Subregion (G1-IS) area namely Chiang Khong and Chiang Saen; and one district in a special economic border zone area Maesai district. The districts were chosen based on economic influences while the six villages were randomly selected. The villages studied were Wiang Mok and Huay Kok villages in Chiang Khong district; Sop Ruak and Santhaat villages in Chiang Saen province; and Phamee and Payaang Chum in Maesai district. Data were also collected from stakeholders concerned in language planning namely government and nongovernment organizations. There were two main findings in accordance with the research aims. Firstly...

Language Teacher Education for Primary School English Teachers in Indonesia: Policy Recommendations

Zein, Mochamad Subhan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
This study examines the needs of teachers of English at primary level in terms of knowledge and skills; the delivery of teacher education at pre- and in-service levels and the design of learning-teaching options; and the interplay of these aspects for the creation of policy recommendations on teacher education for primary school English teachers. Data were generated from teachers, teacher educators, members of educational board, school principals, and educational consultants using semi-structured interviews and classroom observations. The data were analyzed using grounded theory based on classification of initial codes and identification of sub-categories as generated from constant comparisons between data presented in NViVo9 and meticulous readings of interview transcriptions. The first major finding of the study is that teachers’ needs and profile are inextricably linked. Teachers’ specific needs are influenced by factors such as pedagogy preparation, length of experience, and multilingual skill, which all must form comprehensive needs analysis prior to designing teacher education programs at both pre-service and in-service levels. The second major finding shows that pre-service education has not been adequate to prepare student teachers to teach English at primary level due to the lack of specificity and practical components...

Integrating corpus consultation in language studies

Chambers, Angela
Fonte: University of Hawaii * National Foreign Language Resource Center Publicador: University of Hawaii * National Foreign Language Resource Center
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
peer-reviewed; Alongside developments in language research, the potential of corpora as a resource in language learning and teaching has been evident to researchers and teachers since the late 1960s. Despite publications which emphasise the benefits of corpus consultation for language learners (Bernardini, 2002; Kennedy & Miceli, 2001), there is little evidence to suggest that direct corpus consultation is coming to be seen as a complement or alternative to consultation of a dictionary, course book, or grammar by the majority of learners. There is thus a need for research to underpin the integration of corpora and concordancing in the language-learning environment. This study begins with an account of published research relating to course design and structure in the area of corpus consultation by language learners. The focus then narrows to the initial training of learners in corpus consultation, using as an example a course involving undergraduate students on several language degree programmes. The results of the students' consultation of the corpora are examined, including choice of search word(s), analytical skills, the problems encountered, and their evaluation of the activity. The results reveal how corpus consultation can complement traditional language-learning resources...

Essays on the Economics of Language and Language Policy

ARMSTRONG, ALEXANDER
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This thesis concerns the economic dimensions of second language knowledge and acquisition and the economic implications of language policies. The value of the ability to speak and understand a second language depends on the extent to which it enlarges one's communicative sphere which, in turn, depends on the language abilities of others. This implies that second language acquisition decisions are associated with strategic considerations and spillover effects. Consequently, the equilibrium distribution of language skills may not be socially efficient and policy remedies may be called for. The first essay of the thesis investigates the relationship between earnings, second language knowledge and the distribution of language skills in local labour markets in Canada using census data. We estimate the elasticity of local language complementarity in earnings: a parameter that measures the importance of the linguistic environment in the earnings of the individual as well as the importance of language in the economy generally. The second essay addresses the efficiency of second language acquisition decisions in a theoretical model where bilingualism is rewarded with a higher wage for two reasons. First, language skills constitute a form of human capital in the sense that a worker's productivity is positively related to the proportion of the population with whom she shares a language. Second...

[...] você vai ter que aprender inglês de qualquer jeito, querendo ou não! : exames de línguas e política linguística para o inglês no Brasil; [...] you'll have to learn English anyway, like it or not : Language tests and English language policy in Brazil

Elias Ribeiro da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Meu objetivo nesta tese é discutir o papel dos exames de línguas no funcionamento da política linguística (PL) para a língua inglesa (LI) em vigor no Brasil. Focalizo, especificamente, a prova de inglês do Vestibular Unicamp e o First Certificate in English (FCE). O trabalho fundamenta-se em uma concepção ampliada de PL proposta por Schiffman (1996, 2006), Spolsky (2004), Shohamy (2006, 2008), entre outros. Partindo do pressuposto de que a análise da legislação oficial não é suficiente para se compreender a real PL de uma determinada sociedade, esses autores propõem que o foco das análises desloque-se do texto legislativo para as práticas sociais que envolvem as línguas faladas e/ou ensinadas na comunidade cuja PL se deseja compreender. Shohamy (2006, 2008) amplia essa proposta e desenvolve um modelo de PL que contempla as representações acerca das diferentes línguas e das práticas sociais a elas relacionadas. Para ela, a legislação oficial, o vestuário, a publicidade, os materiais didáticos, os exames de línguas, etc. operam como mecanismos de PL ao fomentar a conversão de representações em práticas sociais. Ao mesmo tempo em que derivam das práticas sociais, as representações as influenciam e fomentam em um amplo processo de legitimação cujo resultado é a atribuição de valor positivo e prestígio a uma determinada língua. A partir dessa perspectiva...

Avaluation of decs indexing language in speech-language pathology and audiology area, in the user´s view: an observation study of the information retrieval with a verbal protocol; Avaliação da linguagem documentária decs na área de fonoaudiologia na perspectiva do usuário: estudo de observação da recuperação da informação com protocolo verbal 10.5007/1518-2924.2006v11n21p16

Boccato, Vera Regina Casari; UFSCAR - São Carlos - SP; Fujita, Mariângela Spotti Lopes; Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP - Marília
Fonte: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC Publicador: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/11/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
The proposition of this study is to assess, by observing the user, the DeCS – Health Sciences. Descriptors indexing language, in the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology area, utilized for the retrieval of information in the LILACS System - Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences -, produced by BIREME – Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information Center, utilizing the verbal protocol technique, for the fact of the researchers of the area of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology to need an information system that uses a indexing language that represents the values and the culture of this system where it is inserted. With this proposal, it is had for objective to contribute for the improvement of the indexing language DeCS, being aimed at better terminological representation in the area of the Brazilian Speech-Language Patholoy and Audiology as a determinative factor for the development of scientific research of quality. The used methodological approach was the qualitative-cognitive one, has been the technique verbal protocol applied in the researchers (subjects) of the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Department at the Dental School – University of São Paulo – FOB-USP, at Bauru, SP, representing the four forming specialties in the area...