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Diagnóstico geológico de potencialidades e estrangulamentos no ordenamento do Vale do rio Estorãos (Ponte de Lima – Portugal); Geological framework of potentialities and malfunctions in land use planning of Estorãos River Valley (Ponte de Lima – NW Portugal)

Fernandes, R.; Gomes, C. Leal; Alves, Raquel Cepeda; Valente, Teresa Maria Fernandes; Dias, Patrícia Sofia Alves
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 POR
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O Vale do rio Estorãos apresenta uma diversidade geológica singular, materializada em vários fulcros de interesse geológico - patrimonial e potencial ou económico. Antevêem-se possíveis óbices à valorização destes locais o que suscita a necessidade de elaboração de um quadro de ordenamento sustentável a nível municipal e regional capaz de evitar a sua depreciação e também implica a discussão da apetência potencial/patrimonial de cada fulcro previamente detectado em busca de um balanço integrado para a sustentabilidade do usufruto da unidade territorial.; The Estorãos river Valley presents a singular geological diversity, materialized in many targets of geological interest – heritage interest and economic potential. Possible blockages to its adequate valorization impose the inclusion of these occurrences in a framework of municipal and regional land use, to prevent its depreciation, balancing the territorial land use with natural preservation and studying for each case the possible dichotomy between sustainable development and the preservation of environmental quality.

Património geológico de Portugal como base para ações de conservação da natureza e ordenamento do território; Geoheritage of Portugal as the support for nature conservation and land-use planning

Brilha, J. B.; Pereira, Paulo Jorge da Silva
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG) Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 POR
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O inventário nacional do património geológico reúne os principais geossítios em Portugal com elevado valor científico e que representam a geodiversidade nacional, permitindo compreender a história e a evolução geológica do nosso território. O inventário, disponível na internet, é uma ferramenta obrigatória para todos aqueles que se dedicam a ações de conservação da natureza, de ordenamento do território e a estudos de impacte ambiental.; The national inventory of geoheritage comprehends the main Portuguese geosites with high scientific value. These geosites represent the national geodiversity and allow the understanding of the geological evolution of the Portuguese territory. The inventory is available on-line and constitutes a fundamental tool to support nature conservation, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment actions.; Trabalho integrado no projeto estratégico (PEst-OE/CTE/UI0039/2014) do Centro de Geologia da Universidade do Porto, apoiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia.

Integrating transportation and land use planning at the metropolitan level in North America: multilevel governance in Toronto and Chicago

Tremblay-Racicot,Fanny R.; Mercier,Jean
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
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This article compares the policies and processes by which transportation and land use planning are integrated in metropolitan Toronto, Canada, and Chicago, in the United States. Using twenty-four semi-structured interviews with key informants, it describes the array of interventions undertaken by governmental and non-governmental actors in their respective domains to shed light on how the challenge of integrating transportation and land use planning is addressed on both sides of the border. Evidence concerning the political dynamics in Toronto and Chicago demonstrates that the capacity of metropolitan institutions to adopt and implement plans that integrate transportation with land use fundamentally depends on the leadership of the province or the state government. Although the federal government of each nation can bypass the sub-national level and intervene in local affairs by funding transportation projects that include land use components, its capacity to promote a coherent metropolitan vision is inherently limited. In the absence of leadership at the provincial or state level, the presence of a policy entrepreneur or a strong civic capacity at the regional level can be a key factor in the adoption and implementation of innovative reforms.

State growth management : prospects for consensus-oriented land use planning and conflict resolution

Perry, Charles J
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (639 leaves); 45627339 bytes; 45627096 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Charles J. Perry.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1982.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ROTCH; Bibliography: leaves 629-639.

Metropolitan governance and local land use planning in Boston, Denver, and Portland

Rosan, Christina
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 310 p.
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Metropolitan areas across the U.S. are characterized by sprawling development which uses larger amounts of open space than necessary, leads to the inefficient use of energy and water, increases social inequality, and causes a variety of other negative externalities. One way to prevent this type of development is to promote coordinated land use planning at the metropolitan scale. Metropolitan coordination is a challenge, however, in a country where most land use decisions are made at the local level and most states have not encouraged regional planning. This dissertation examines several different models of metropolitan coordination - or what I call metropolitan governance - and asks how they compare in term of their relative effectiveness. Given the growing interest in voluntary forms of governance, I explore whether regional planning agencies without authority are as effective at influencing local land use planning as regional planning agencies with greater authority. My research focuses on regional planning agencies in Boston, Denver, and Portland because each agency has a different level of authority over land use planning and a different level of control over certain financial tools. My hypothesis is that regional planning agencies with more tools at their disposal (such as state-mandated planning authority and the power to allocate transportation improvement funds) will be more successful at influencing local land use planning so that it meets regional goals. I find that agencies with financial and regulatory incentives are better able to engage local stakeholders and influence local land use planning.; by Christina Davis Rosan.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Wildfire and development : why stronger links to land-use planning are needed to save lives, protect property, and minimize economic risk; Why stronger links to land-use planning are needed to save lives, protect property, and minimize economic risk

Mowery, Molly Anne
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 56 p.
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Exploding growth along the Colorado Front Range has expanded the wildland-urban interface-the area where homes and vegetation mix. This area, known as the WUI, is at high risk of wildfires. Wildfire risk is based on both natural conditions, such as invasive species and climate change, and human development decisions that allow continued growth in fire-prone areas. This thesis examines the approaches to wildfire risk mitigation taken by six counties along the Front Range. I argue that these mitigation approaches are effective but do not tackle important aspects of the wildfire problem, including who pays and how risks continue to increase. Counties should minimize development in the WUI by adopting strong policies that incorporate the full costs of fire protection into local jurisdictional budgets and address growth management in the WUI. This requires a greater incorporation of the land-use planning process into decisions that put people and property at risk to wildfire.; by Molly Anne Mowery.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2008.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 47-50).

Urban Sprawl in the Greater Golden Horsehoe and the 2015 Ontario Coordinated Land Use Planning Review: Analysis and Recomendations

Goldney, Emily
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Historically, growth in the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) region of Ontario, Canada, has been characterized by urban sprawl. The area is projected to undergo rapid population growth in the near future, which, if trends continue, will result in further sprawl. This is highly undesirable, as it will result in the conversion of agricultural and natural lands for low density development, a process which has significant social, environmental, and economic consequences. To address this issue, in 2005 the Ontario Government passed the Greenbelt Plan, a land use plan that aims to protect affected lands against development. However, the plan only covers a small portion of the GGH area, which leaves the majority of the region vulnerable to sprawl. However, there is currently an opportunity for this to change, as in 2015 4 provincial land use plans are being reviewed in tandem: The Niagara Escarpment Plan (NEP), the Greenbelt Plan, the Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan (ORMCP), and the Growth Plan for the GGH. This study seeks to explore the idea of ‘completing’ the planning for the GGH, or extending policies protecting against sprawl across the GGH region as a whole. The purpose of this study was to support to support policy development work being done by an environmental not-for-profit organisation...

Land Value Capture in Urban DRM Programs

Dharmavaram, Soumya
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Risk-sensitive land use planning is vital for sustainable economic development and effective Disaster Risk Management (DRM). Urban development programs should adopt risk-sensitive land use planning to encourage resilient development guiding the growth of people, assets and services within and away from hazardous zones. Many East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) countries have national land use policy and local plans which incorporate risk assessments; however, they typically lack the means for their implementation and incorporation into development planning. This note introduces the potential of Land Readjustment (LR) and Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) for DRM as seen in their application in Brazil, India, Japan, and the US. The note recommends that if municipalities build capacity for strategic land management, LR and TDR can be used effectively to finance and implement risk-sensitive land use plans. LR offers to accommodate and plan for risks with minimal displacement while TDR promises to equitably relocate development away from hazardous sites through the real estate market.

Conflicting world views: disjuncture between climate change knowledge, land use planning and disaster resilience in remote Indigenous communities in northern Australia

Wensing, Ed; Harwood, Sharon; Bird, Deanne; Haynes, Katharine
Fonte: Ben-gurion University of the Negev Press Publicador: Ben-gurion University of the Negev Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 17 pages
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This paper examines the links between emergency management and land use planning in four remote Indigenous communities in tropical northern Australia and the extent to which such linkages produced better disaster resilience in these communities. The case study communities were chosen because they are in locations likely to experience increased frequency and/or intensity of extreme weather events, both slow (sea level rise, drought) and rapid onset (storm surges, cyclones, floods) as a consequence of climate change. We compared land use planning legislation, state level planning policies, statutory planning schemes, property registration systems and emergency management systems. We found a clear disjuncture between understanding the likely impacts of climate change and the collection of emergency management data and the consideration of hazards and risks in land use planning systems. We conclude that the land use planning systems in tropical northern Australia are still geared toward promoting and facilitating development and have not evolved sufficiently to take account of climate change impacts, including sea level rise. This disjuncture is particularly evident in the context of remote Indigenous communities in Australia and reforms to land use planning systems are urgently required to address this disjuncture.

The use of models in planning: the development of a land use planning strategy.

Pak-Poy, P. G.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //1971
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With the advent of comprehensive transportation studies over the last several years in Australia, some inadequacies in land use p1anning have been high1ighted. In general there is seen to be a need for a more systematic approach and a greater use of models or analytical techniques. This thesis briefly reviews transportation studies and planning techniques and then discusses the development and current status of urban development mode1s, classifying them into three viz; (i) descriptive (ii) predictive models, and (iii) prescriptive models or planning models. It is noted that the models form on1y a part of the of the planning process and that they are really sub-models total system. Using a systems analysis approach, a planning framework or system model is then developed which forms the basis for the preparation of a planning strategy, within which detailed development and transport plans can be evolved. The framework is designed to facilitate the use of models as befits their operational status and to highlight areas where judgements and intuition are required. In developing the p1anning system model a discussion is given on forecasting techniques, problems relating to the definition of objectives and criteria, difficu1ties encountered in obtaining community goals and rational public participation...

Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction; Des politiques foncieres pour promouvoir la croissance et reduire la pauvrete : resume analytique Politicas de tierras para el crecimiento y la reduccion de la pobreza

Deininger, Klaus
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Oxford University Press Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Oxford University Press
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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Land policies are of fundamental importance to sustainable growth, good governance, and the well-being of, and the economic opportunities open to, both rural and urban dwellers - particularly the poor. To this end, research on land policy, and analysis of interventions related to the subject, have long been of interest to the Bank's Research Department, and other academic, and civil society institutions. The report aims to strengthen the effectiveness of land policy in support of development, and poverty reduction, by setting out the results of recent research in a way that is accessible to a wide audience of policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, academics in the Bank's client countries, donor agency officials, and the broader development community. Its main message rests on three principles: 1) provision of secure tenure to land improves the welfare of the poor, particularly by enhancing the asset base of those whose land rights are often neglected, and, creates incentives needed for investment...

Cultural Preservation and Self-Determination Through Land Use Planning: A Framework for the Fort Albany First Nation

Minkin, Daniel Paul
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 712306 bytes; application/pdf
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The Fort Albany First Nation (FAFN) in Ontario’s western James Bay region is interested in undertaking a community-based process of land use planning for its traditional territory, in order to respond to increasing resource development pressure within the area. To construct a framework for such a process, semi-structured interviews were held with 12 members of the FAFN and two staff members of the Mushkegowuk Council, which represents the FAFN at the regional level. Interviews focused on the substantive values that community members see as worthy of protection or management through the land use plan, and on the procedural values that ought to guide the process. In addition, three group discussions on valued ecosystem components were observed, to supplement interview data on substantive values. The results indicate that the community is concerned with preserving their way of life in the face of resource development pressure and social change, by protecting subsistence resources and strengthening the transmission of culture. Substantively, this means that the land use plan needs to protect wildlife and its habitat, navigable waterways, and water quality. Procedurally, this means that the planning process should engage the entire community in discussions of its cultural identity and connection to the land...

Engineering geological data in support of municipal land use planning-a case study in Analandia, southeast Brazil

Abreu, Ana Elisa Silva de; Augusto Filho, Oswaldo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This paper presents a method for transforming the information of an engineering geological map into useful information for non-specialists involved in land-use planning. The method consists of classifying the engineering geological units in terms of land use capability and identifying the legal and the geologic restrictions that apply in the study area. Both informations are then superimposed over the land use and a conflict areas map is created. The analysis of these data leads to the identification of existing and forthcoming land use conflicts and enables the proposal of planning measures on a regional and local scale. The map for the regional planning was compiled at a 1:50,000 scale and encompasses the whole municipal land area where uses are mainly rural. The map for the local planning was compiled at a 1:10,000 scale and encompasses the urban area. Most of the classification and operations on maps used spatial analyst tools available in the Geographical Information System. The regional studies showed that the greater part of Analandia's territory presents appropriate land uses. The local-scale studies indicate that the majority of the densely occupied urban areas are in suitable land. Although the situation is in general positive...

Social housing and land use planning in Medellin during the period 2006-2011. Steps towards socio economic and residential segregation; Vivienda social y ordenamiento territorial en Medellín durante el periodo 2006- 2011. Pasos hacia la segregación residencial socioeconómica

Velásquez Higuita, Claudia Maritza
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/12/2012 SPA
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This paper presents an approach to the relationship between land use planning and socioeconomic residential segregation, from the location of social housing in Medellin, Colombia, during the period 2006-2011. The first part introduces the land use regulations regarding the location of social housing, identifying ambiguities in the current spatial plan. Next, we present the intersection of  regulatory information and the location of the projects that were under construction during the  study period, highlighting the need to consider the location as an important characteristic of social housing and residential segregation as a phenomenon that must be recognized and worked on land  use planning in our cities.; En este artículo se realiza un acercamiento a la relación entre ordenamiento territorial y segregación residencial socioeconómica, a partir del caso de la localización de la vivienda social en Medellín, Colombia, durante el periodo 2006-2011. Para esto, se introducen en la primera parte las regulaciones  en materia de localización de la vivienda social, identificando ambigüedades en el plan de  ordenamiento vigente. Posteriormente, se presenta el cruce entre la información normativa y la ubicación de los proyectos que estuvieron en construcción durante el periodo de estudio...

Land Use Planning in Maui, Hawaii, to Prevent Sedimentation of Fringing Coral Reefs

Crane, Kathryn
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 28/04/2011 EN_US
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One of the greatest threats to coral reefs of the Hawaiian Islands is sedimentation from land-based sources. Sedimentation occurs when runoff from storm events carries terrigenous sediments into the marine environment. Once in the marine environment it increases turbidity and eventually settles onto the coral, effectively smothering it. The severity of sedimentation depends on the type of sediment, the sediment load, and the residence time of the sediment. Land use that results in exposed soil, such as development, causes an increase in sedimentation. Because sedimentation begins on land, the policies addressing it must also be focused on the land. Current land use policy in Maui does not effectively address sedimentation, as it only tries to minimize the total sediment load. Land use policy does not address residence time of the sediment. Residence time is limited by wave exposure. Where wave exposure is higher, sediment is removed faster, thus having less impact on the coral. In order to effectively limit the impact of sedimentation, there must be spatially explicit land use regulations that require sediment filtration, density restriction, increased limits to total exposed soil, impervious surface restrictions, while encouraging habitat restoration and open space preservation...

Environmental Land Use Planning and Integrated Management at the River Basin Scale in Coastal North Carolina

Coppola, Henry
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 29/04/2011
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At its core environmental management is achieved through the design and control of human behavior. Land use planning provides an excellent tool for the management of a variety of influential human activities by controlling and designing the ways in which we use land and natural resources. In its present state, land use planning falls short of its potential as an environmental and natural resource management tool. This is primarily due to a lack of coordination and the failure of land use planners to consider the environment in their charge holistically. While this situation exists in North Carolina, the state is well positioned to leverage existing environmental management and land use planning programs to create greater effectiveness and efficiency. This is particularly true in the coastal zone where land use planning tools, specifically land use suitability analysis, can be applied through the river basin planning system to improve coastal management for both human and environmental sustainability and success.

Are CAMA Land-Use Plans Protecting Coastal Resources? An Evaluation of North Carolina’s Coastal Planning Requirement

Bruce, Jennifer
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 09/12/2010
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North Carolina’s Coastal Area Management Act (CAMA) was created in 1974 to “establish a comprehensive plan for the protection, preservation, orderly development, and management of the coastal area.” One of CAMA’s key tools for managing coastal lands is a state-mandated land-use planning process, which tries to incentivize environmental protection through required analyses, planning exercises, and policy creation. The goal of this study was to determine the degree to which the CAMA planning requirement encourages counties to think critically about their environmental resources and plan strategically for future development. This report evaluates the effectiveness of the CAMA planning requirement through two main analyses: a critical review of plan content and quality using case studies from Carteret, Dare, and Gates Counties; and a social survey to assess current opinions and usage of CAMA land-use plans by county officials and planning employees. Plan evaluation results showed that while counties excelled at data assessments of current infrastructure and environmental resources, the application of environmental analyses into responsible development planning fell short. Plan policies were typically weak and unenforceable, and rarely exceeded state and federal standards. Survey results communicated overall satisfaction with the planning requirement...

The Delaware Code: Selected Portions Pertaining to Annexation, Municipal Planning, Municipal Zoning, State Planning, Land Use Planning, and Intergovernmental Coordination

State of Delaware
Fonte: Institute for Public Administration Publicador: Institute for Public Administration
Tipo: Outros Formato: 1566349 bytes; application/pdf
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Selected portions of the [DE Code] pertaining to annexation, municipal planning, municipal zoning, State planning, land use planning, and intergovernmental coordination.


Navarro, Edgardo
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2008 POR
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The studied area is about 105.803 hectares and comprises the Auca Mahuida Protected Natural Reserve.It is located in the east-northeast of Neuquén Province, Argentina. Population density ranges between0.4 and 0.7 inhabitants per square kilometre and meteorological and hydrogeological data are absent Thesurface geology comprises Neogene volcanic rocks overlaying subhorizontal Cretaceous sedimentary rocksof the Neuquén Group. The climatic conditions are extremely arid and the soils over bedrock are shallow,consequently, the landscape is very breakable. These conditions are increased by the economic activities inthe region, mainly including hydrocarbon and farm works, which produce degrading effects against theenvironment. Particularly, the seismic lines of hydrocarbons exploration, with removal of the superficial cover,are important features where the hidric erosion might carried out (figure 3a and 3b). The length of the measuredlines from the satellital image in the Reserve, reach 1100 kilometre, which means a density of 10.4 meter perhectares. The aim of this paper is to delimit different zones according to the expected intensity of the erosionprocesses. These zones contribute to locate areas of special hazard where erosion could be increasedsubstantially...

The introduction of price signals into land use planning decision-making : a proposal

Cheshire, P. C.; Sheppard, Stephen Charles
Fonte: Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2005 EN; EN
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Although directed to the British system of Town and Country Planning this paper has relevance for many OECD countries, including some with systems of land use regulation which evolved entirely independently of the British. The paper starts by characterising the basic features of the British land use planning system, viewed from the resource allocation point of view of an economist. A conclusion is that the system explicitly excludes any use of price signals from its decisions. The paper then summarises the problems which the exclusion of price information has given rise to. Because the UK planning system has deliberately constrained the supply of space, and space is an attribute of housing which is income elastic in demand, rising incomes not only drive rising real house prices but also mean that land prices have risen considerably faster than house prices. Several housing attributes other than garden space are to a degree substitutes for land but the underlying cause of the inelastic supply of housing in the UK is the constraint on land supply. The final section proposes a mechanism which would make use of the information embodied in the price premiums of neighbouring parcels of land zoned for different uses. Such premiums signal the relative scarcity of land for different uses at each location and should become a ‘material consideration’ in planning decision-making. If they were above some threshold...