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Planejamento integrado de uso da terra : uma disciplina integradora no ensino da Agronomia na UFRGS; Integrated land use planning: an integrational Agronomy course at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

Giasson, Elvio; Souza, Luiz Fernando Coelho de; Levien, Renato; Merten, Gustavo Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
A disciplina Planejamento Integrado de Uso da Terra, do Curso de Agronomia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, associa os conhecimentos da área de solos com os demais do Curso de Agronomia, interligando-os e dandolhes consistência e significado. A disciplina vale-se do planejamento integrado para reunir o conhecimento agronômico num projeto de exploração e desenvolvimento sustentável de uma ou mais propriedades rurais por meio de uma seqüência de atividades, assim definidas: caracterização regional, levantamento dos recursos naturais existentes na propriedade, levantamento do seu uso atual, diagnóstico do sistema produtivo e elaboração de uma proposta de exploração sustentável da propriedade, que é apresentada para a comunidade local. Os resultados desta experiência demonstram que a disciplina tem sido muito proveitosa no treinamento e aperfeiçoamento dos estudantes, tendo recebido suporte e apoio por parte do corpo discente, dos agricultores e das organizações envolvidas no processo de planejamento agrícola.; The Integrated Land Use Planning course of the Agronomy School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul State, Porto Alegre, Brazil, associates Soil Science with other courses taught in Agronomy...

Avaliação de terras da provincia de Maputo (Moçambique) : o caso das bacias hidrograficas de Changalane e Mazimunhama; Land evaluation of the Maputo province (Mozambique) : a case study of the Changalane and Mazimunhama hydrographic basins

Clemente Jose Macia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
A região em estudo compreende as sub-bacias dos rios Changalane e Mazimunhama, afluentes do rio Tembe, situadas na província de Maputo, zona Sul de Moçambique. Esta região é reconhecida pelas autoridades administrativas nacionais e provinciais como estando sob pressão de uso agropecuário, desmatamento devido à exploração desenfreada das florestas, queimadas, pecuária extensiva de bovinos e caprinos. Estes fatos estão trazendo e acentuando problemas sócio-ambientais, nomeadamente, insegurança alimentar, baixa produtividade das culturas, erosão e assoreamento dos cursos de água. A avaliação e determinação da capacidade do uso das terras numa bacia hidrográfica são de vital importância para o planejamento e uso racional do solo e outros recursos da terra, dado que o uso inadequado e sem observância da sua capacidade do suporte tem provocado sua degradação. A partir de avaliações dos elementos do meio físico e das atividades desenvolvidas na região compreendidas entre as bacias de Chanagalane e Mazimunhama, com destaque para as de agropecuárias, fez-se uma avaliação das terras, pelo sistema de capacidade de uso, conjugado com as classes de manejo do sistema de aptidão agrícola das terras, a fim de atender ao planejamento e conservação dos recursos da terra e minimizar os problemas ambientais decorrentes do seu uso inadequado. Os dados foram gerados e integrados no SIG Arcinfo/Arcgis 9.2. Os planos de informação para entrada e cruzamento no SIG foram a carta de solos...

Aplicação de um sistema automatizado (ALES - Automated Land Evaluation System) na avaliação das terras das microrregiões de Chapecó e Xanxerê, Oeste Catarinense, para o cultivo de grãos

Chagas,César da Silva; Carvalho Junior,Waldir de; Pereira,Nilson Rendeiro; Fernandes Filho,Elpidio Inácio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
A avaliação de terras é o processo que permite estimar o uso potencial da terra com base em seus atributos. Grande variedade de modelos analíticos pode ser usada neste processo. No Brasil, os dois sistemas de avaliação das terras mais utilizados são o Sistema de Classificação da Capacidade de Uso da Terra e o Sistema FAO/Brasileiro de Aptidão Agrícola das Terras. Embora difiram em vários aspectos, ambos exigem o cruzamento de inúmeras variáveis ambientais. O ALES (Automated Land Evaluation System) é um programa de computador que permite construir sistemas especialistas para avaliação de terras. As entidades avaliadas pelo ALES são as unidades de mapeamento, as quais podem ser de caráter generalizado ou detalhado. A área objeto desta avaliação é composta pelas microrregiões de Chapecó e Xanxerê, no Oeste catarinense, e engloba 54 municípios. Os dados sobre os solos e sobre as características da paisagem foram obtidos no levantamento de reconhecimento dos solos do Estado, na escala de 1:250.000. O presente estudo desenvolveu o sistema especialista ATOSC (Avaliação das Terras do Oeste de Santa Catarina) e, na sua construção, incluiu-se a definição dos requerimentos dos tipos de utilização da terra, bem como foi feita a subseqüente comparação destes com os atributos de cada unidade de mapeamento. Os tipos de utilização da terra considerados foram: feijão...

Water and Development : An Evaluation of World Bank Support, 1997-2007, Volume 1

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
The amount of available water has been constant for millennia, but over time the planet has added 6 billion people. Water is essential to human life and enterprise, and the increasing strains on available water resources threaten the mission of institutions dedicated to economic development. The ultimate goal is to achieve a sustainable balance between the resources available and the societal requirement for water. In this evaluation the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) examines all the water-related projects financed by the World Bank between fiscal 1997 and the end of calendar 2007. Bank activities related to water are large, growing, and integrated. They include water resources management, water supply and sanitation, and activities related to agricultural water, industrial water, energy generation, and water in the environment. Through both lending and grants, the World Bank (the International Development Association and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, or IBRD) has supported countries in many water-related sectors. This evaluation examines the full scope of that support over the period from fiscal 1997 to the end of calendar 2007. More than 30 background studies prepared for the evaluation have analyzed Bank lending by thematic area and by activity type. The evaluation is by definition retrospective...

Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2013 : An Independent Evaluation. Volume 1. Main Report

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The global extreme poverty rate has fallen by half since 1990, but progress within the developing world has been uneven. Extreme poverty remains widespread in most low-income countries while many middle-income countries also continue to have substantial levels with many people there who have escaped extreme poverty remaining poor and vulnerable. Nor has there been robust progress in sharing prosperity: in many developing countries rapid growth has been accompanied by rising inequality, often with a geographic and ethnic dimension as progress in isolated areas has lagged behind. This appendix describes select elements of the evaluation systems in the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) that are the basis for this report. They illustrate commonalities as well as differences in evaluation practices across the institutions. The World Bank, IFC, and MIGA differ in the instruments and approaches they use to achieve development results. Each institution has an evaluation system tailored to its needs. In each organization...

The Quality of Results Frameworks in Development Policy Operations

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The objective of this review is to synthesize existing evaluative evidence and generate new evidence on the quality of the Results Frameworks (RFs) of development policy operations (DPOs). The study is organized around a number of evaluative questions on various aspects of DPO design, implementation, reporting, and evaluation. Its focus is on the quality of RF, taking objectives and coverage for granted. The study does not cover the scope and coverage of reform programs underpinning DPOs, including the relevance of objectives, or the choice of policy areas and the links between DPOs and country assistance strategies. It generally does not look at program achievements and outcomes, except in cases when it is required for assessing the quality of prior actions (PAs). The structure of the review is: chapter one presents the methodology; chapter two has the findings with respect to the presentation and clarity of RFs; chapter three discusses evidence of the quality of PAs and their contribution to the robustness of RFs; chapter four discusses findings with respect to the use of programmatic approach in DPOs relevant for RFs; chapter five discusses strengths and weaknesses in the ME framework of DPOs; chapter six discusses reporting of DPO results at completion and implications for IEG validation and evaluation of DPOs.

Conceptual soil-regolith toposequence models to support soil survey and land evaluation

Grealish, G.; Fitzpatrick, R.; King, P.; Shahid, S.
Fonte: Springer; Netherlands Publicador: Springer; Netherlands
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Soil maps and the accompanying soil survey report are used to portray the spatial variation of soils in landscapes by indicating what soils, their proportion and their soil properties are likely to occur at a particular location or within a soil map unit. Soil surveyors intuitively understand this soil variation and how it may occur by reading the landscape. However, soil maps and soil survey reports are often too technical and not easily understood by land managers and decision-makers who are not specialist soil scientists. This chapter demonstrates how conceptual soil-regolith toposequence models can be used to describe (supporting soil survey map data and reports), explain (providing an understanding of the processes) and predict (supporting land evaluation) soil spatial variability in a range of complex landscapes. Case studies from Australia and Brunei are provided to illustrate how soil toposequence models are critical to explain, predict and solve practical land use problems, especially in complex soil-landscape environments. These conceptual models provide the following critical data to support land evaluation and ­management decisions by illustrating soil properties that are changing in time and space, which is especially important in salt-affected and acid sulphate soils (e.g. seasonal and climatic changes in occurrences of salt efflorescences)...

Review of Land Evaluation Methods for Quantifying Natural Constraints to Agriculture

ELIASSON ASE
Fonte: OPOCE Publicador: OPOCE
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
This report provides an overview of selected land evaluation methods for quantifying natural constraints to agriculture. It has been compiled for decision-makers with no specialised knowledge of land evaluations and the aim is to give an overview of methods and soil and climate criteria, which are applied for classifying areas less favourable for agriculture in Europe. The report is part of the Joint Research Centre¿s technical support to DG Agriculture and Rural Development in their preparatory work to find a new definition for classifying the EU Other/intermediate Less Favoured Areas to be implemented after 2010. The report includes standardised descriptions of selected land evaluation methods known internationally, namely: The Land Capability Classification, The Framework for Land Evaluation, the Agro-ecological Zoning Methodology, the Agricultural Problem Land Approach and the Expert System for Constraints to Agricultural Production in Europe. Criteria used in these methods and examples of applications and results are included, with preferences to applications on the European level. An overview of land evaluation methods and criteria, which are currently applied for indicating low land productivity by the Member States for their classification of the Other Less Favoured Areas are included. Finally...

Földminoség, Földértékelés és Földhasználati Információ - Land Quality, Land Evaluation and Land Use Information

TÓTH Tibor; TOTH Gergely; NÉMETH Tamás; GAÁL Zoltán
Fonte: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Talajtani és Agrokémiai Kutatóintézet Publicador: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Talajtani és Agrokémiai Kutatóintézet
Tipo: Books Formato: Printed
HUN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
The book is a proceeding of a scientific conference (held on 22-23 nov. 2007). Chapters ofthe book: Introduction to the D-e-Meter land evaluation system (p3-74) Methodological foundations of land evaluation (p75-120) Land evaluation of non-cropland land use types (p121-160) GIS in agriculture (p161-2002) Economic land evaluation (p203-252) Land related regulations of the EU and land use information (p253-306) Land quality and environmental management (p307-375); JRC.H.7-Land management and natural hazards

Knowledge-based expert system for agricultural land use planning.

Ponnusamy, Thirumurugan
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
The research constitutes a knowledge-based approach to land evaluation for selecting suitable agricultural crops for a land unit. This thesis presents the design, and development of a prototype Knowledge-based Spatial Decision Support System (KBSDSS) -“Crop Advisor”- for evaluating land resources and choosing suitable agricultural crops for a farm unit. The prototype “Crop Advisor” expert system (ES) utilises multiple knowledge rules to determine suitable, optimal crops for a farm unit considering the farm unit’s resources. It considers the land evaluation process as a group-decision making process involving many experts from diverse scientific domains. The expert system is powered primarily by human knowledge collected from a land evaluator or a crop expert. The knowledge base consists of representative rules to reflect physical, economic, environmental and social factors that affect the choice of land use. The expert system makes use of Geographic Information System (GIS) tools to manage spatial information that are required for the evaluation process. These powerful tools (ES and GIS) help in choosing a crop, from a group of crop choices that gives more economic benefits without compromising environmental values. The expert system model is tested on the soil and physiographic data provided by Department of Water...

Financing for Development; Using Independent Evaluation to Turn Aspirations into Achievements

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The development community is increasingly accepting the importance of evidence, feedback, and learning. Some of which is generated through research, monitoring, and self-evaluation during policy-making, program design, and implementation. Others come from feedback from people directly affected by interventions who have gained a greater voice, be it through third-party feedback mechanisms, social media, beneficiary surveys, or otherwise. And, there is independent evaluation. At the World Bank Group, the independent evaluation group (IEG) has over the past years deepened the evidence that can help development finance succeed in translating the sustainable development goals (SDGs) into actions and results. This paper brings together insights from a cross-section of relevant evaluations that cover various aspects of the large, multifaceted agenda of the SDGs and their financing needs.

Uganda Country Assistance Evaluation, 2001-2007; Joint IEG/OPEV Country Assistance Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group; Africa Development Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
The World Bank’s assistance strategies showed strong client orientation and were aligned with Uganda’s poverty reduction strategy. The programs were substantially effective in decentralization, public sector reform, growth and economic transformation, education, and water and sanitation. However, more could have been done to help counter the perception of increasing corruption, improve power supply, reduce transport costs, enhance agricultural productivity, and help with family planning and reproductive health. The AfDB’s assistance was also relevant and aligned with the government’s development goals. Its support substantially achieved its objectives for decentralization, public sector finance, growth and economic transformation, improved competitiveness, agriculture, and water and sanitation, as well as education and health. However, there were some shortcomings in the assistance provided for power and roads and in reducing corruption. This report evaluates World Bank and African Development Bank assistance to Uganda during 2001-07. The motivation to undertake a joint evaluation was the shift to a common strategic framework...

Mozambique Country Program Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Since the cessation of conflict, Mozambique has achieved impressive economic growth and has become an example of successful post conflict reconstruction and development, moving from a one-party state to a multiparty democracy and from a socialist, command economy to a market-based economy. Mozambique’s development has been strongly supported by foreign aid, and since 2001 average annual disbursements of official development assistance (ODA) have amounted to over 1 billion dollar, or 12 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). Strong economic growth has contributed to a decline in income poverty, but the level of overall poverty remains high. This country program evaluation (CPE) focuses on the Bank’s program for FY2001-08, examining the following questions: did the Bank correctly assess the problems Mozambique faced?; was the Bank’s strategy appropriate for meeting the country’s development needs?; how effective was Bank assistance in implementing those strategies?; what were the outcomes of the assistance?; and to what extent did the Bank...

Timor-Leste Country Program Evaluation, 2000-2010; Evaluation of the World Bank Group Program

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Group Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank Group
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
This country program evaluation (CPE) assesses the outcomes of the World Bank Group (WBG) program in Timor-Leste during the review period (2000 to 2010). The WBG’s strategy during this period was to support the government of the nascent country in three broad areas: (a) poverty alleviation and the provision of basic social services, including health and education; (b) development of state institutions, including creating good governance and building the capacity of state institutions; and (c) promoting sustainable nonpetroleum growth, especially through the development of agriculture and the private sector. The CPE rates the overall outcome of its support to the country over the review period as moderately unsatisfactory. The Bank Group strategy was broadly congruent with the country‘s own aspirations, but its relevance and effectiveness waned through the evaluation period. To boost the WBG‘s role as an effective partner in Timor Leste’s development, independent evaluation group (IEG) recommends that the WBG: (i) set its key objective as one of supporting vigorous and sustainable non-oil growth...

Analyzing the Effects of Policy Reforms on the Poor : An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of World Bank Support to Poverty and Social Impact Analyses

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The current global financial and economic crises are likely to put enormous pressure on governments to respond with immediate measures and to undertake far-reaching reforms in the medium term, requiring a substantial increase in donor support. To protect the poor and enhance benefits to them, key policy reforms will need to be underpinned by systematic analysis of their expected poverty and social impacts. The World Bank's experience to date with the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) approach provides useful lessons for addressing these issues. Overall, implementation of the PSIA approach has had considerable limitations. There have been tensions between the various operational objectives assigned to PSIAs. The tensions concern inconsistencies between informing country and Bank policy decisions in a timely way and building country analytic capacity. PSIAs have had limited ownership by Bank staff and managers and have often not been effectively integrated into country assistance programs. Quality assurance...

World Bank Group Assistance to Low-Income Fragile and Conflict-Affected States : An Independent Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) have become an important focus of World Bank Group assistance in recent years as recognition of the linkages between fragility, conflict, violence, and poverty has grown. Addressing issues of recurring conflict and political violence and helping build legitimate and accountable state institutions are central to the Bank Group's poverty reduction mission. This evaluation assesses the relevance and effectiveness of World Bank Group country strategies and assistance programs to FCS. The operationalization of the World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development (2011 WDR) is also assessed, to see how the framework has been reflected in subsequent analytical work, country assistance strategies, and the assistance programs. The evaluation framework was derived from the concepts and priorities articulated in recent WDRs, policy papers, and progress reports issued by Bank Group management, to draw lessons from FCS. The framework is organized around the three major themes emerging from the 2011 WDR: building state capacity, building capacity of citizens, and promoting inclusive growth and jobs. The evaluation focuses on International Development Association (IDA)-only countries, which are deemed to have certain characteristics such as very low average income and no access to private finance...

Reflections on 20 Years of Land-Related Development Projects in Central America : 10 Things You Might Not Expect, and Future Directions

Siegel, P.B.; Childress, M.D.; Barham, B.L.
Fonte: International Land Coalition, Rome Publicador: International Land Coalition, Rome
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This paper takes a critical view of the challenges that lie ahead for land?related development projects in Central America. Drawing upon several sources of information and types of analysis, including literature reviews, field visits and rapid participatory assessments, along with decades of professional experience, the authors examine land-related development policies and projects over the past two decades in Central America (although monitoring and evaluation is admittedly weak). Reflections on past land?related development policies and projects in Central America are based on their contributions to growth and poverty reduction. The reflections, which are really stylized facts, are presented using a 'top ten list' of things that you might not expect from land policy reforms and projects in post?conflict Central America. In short, for a variety of initially unforeseen reasons, land?related development policies and projects have not fully lived up to expectations in terms of poverty reduction for rural residents...

The Development Potential of Regional Programs : An Evaluation of World Bank Support of Multicountry Operations

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
This evaluation examines the track record of the regional development programs that the World Bank has supported over the past 10 years. While these are relatively few in number, together they offer valuable lessons for how such programs can be designed and implemented to deliver good outcomes. This evaluation, which assesses World Bank support for regional development programs over fiscal years 1995-2005, finds that a majority of the programs evaluated have been or appear likely to be effective in achieving most of their development objectives. Even stronger results could be achieved if support for regional programs were better developed as an international aid practice. These findings are based on evaluations of 19 regional programs and a review of the Bank's total portfolio of some 100 regional operations. The IEG report assessed the World Bank's support for regional development programs active between fiscal years 1995 and 2005. These accounted for less than 1 percent of total Bank financing during this period. Three key findings are: (i) regional programs can deliver strong results; (ii) success and sustainability depend on strong ownership of all participating countries; and (iii) the Bank has been particularly effective in fostering country interest in regional programs through analytical work and resource mobilization...

Evaluación de tierras y sistemas de información geográfica en la planificación de los Montes de Toledo; Land evaluation and GIS in regional planning: the "Montes de Toledo" case

Labrandero, José Luis; Martínez Vega, Javier
Fonte: Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles Publicador: Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 765681 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
[ES] Se presenta una aplicación de la metodología de Evaluación de Tierras, propuesta por la FA0 y adaptada a regiones mediterráneas, bajo el entorno de un Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG) como instrumentos de ayuda al planificador. Su empleo facilita la toma de decisiones en la intervención y gestión del temtono, en este caso, de una zona de agricultura de montaña: Los Montes de Toledo.; [EN] This paper describes the application of a land evaiuation method based on the FA0 guidelines. The general procedure was adapted somewhat to specific Mediterranean conditions. A GIS was thorougldy used, as a tool for decision making, when performing the land evaiuation task. The area of study was a marginal agiicultural region: Los Montes de Toledo, in Central Spain.; Peer reviewed

Los suelos de la Plana de Zaragoza, aprovechamiento agrícola y forestal

Machín Gayarre, Javier; Navas Izquierdo, Ana
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 82997 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
This study presents a soil evaluation of the soils of la Plana, a high plateau located in semiarid central Ebro valley. MicroLEIS, a microcomputer-based mediterranean land evaluation system has been used. General land capability, forestry and agricultural suitability of the rendzic Leptosols has been assessed. In the area, land class is moderate. Although several crops are suitable, only cereals can be cultivated in rainfed conditions. Concerning forestry users, pine and olive trees have been selected as the most appropriate. Set aside land for afforestation purposes should use the most stony soils on the oriental part of La Plana.; Trabajo realizado dentro del marco del convenio entre Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza y el C.S.I.C.; Peer reviewed