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Molecular identification of naturally occurring bacteriocinogenic and bacteriocinogenic-like lactic acid bacteria in raw milk and soft cheese

ORTOLANI, M. B. T.; MORAES, P. M.; PERIN, L. M.; VICOSA, G. N.; CARVALHO, K. G.; SILVA JUNIOR, A.; NERO, L. A.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Lactic acid bacteria ( LAB) are currently used by food industries because of their ability to produce metabolites with antimicrobial activity against gram-positive pathogens and spoilage microorganisms. The objectives of this study were to identify naturally occurring bacteriocinogenic or bacteriocinogenic-like LAB in raw milk and soft cheese and to detect the presence of nisin-coding genes in cultures identified as Lactococcus lactis. Lactic acid bacteria cultures were isolated from 389 raw milk and soft cheese samples and were later characterized for the production of antimicrobial substances against Listeria monocytogenes. Of these, 58 (14.9%) LAB cultures were identified as antagonistic; the nature of this antagonistic activity was then characterized via enzymatic tests to confirm the proteinaceous nature of the antimicrobial substances. In addition, 20 of these antagonistic cultures were selected and submitted to genetic sequencing; they were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (n = 2) and Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis (n = 18). Nisin genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction in 7 of these cultures. The identified bacteriocinogenic and bacteriocinogenic-like cultures were highly variable concerning the production and activity of antimicrobial substances...

Isolamento de bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas e sua aplicação no controle de Listeria monocytogenes em queijo frescal de leite de cabra; Isolation of bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria and their application in the control of Listeria monocytogenes in fresh goat cheese

Furtado, Danielle Nader
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/03/2010 PT
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Listeria monocytogenes causa a listeriose, uma doença zoonótica grave que causa infecções do sistema nervoso central (meningite, encefalite e meningoencefalite), bacteremia primária e septicemia. A doença apresenta baixa morbidade e alta mortalidade e acomete, principalmente, grupos de risco, como mulheres grávidas, neonatos, indivíduos imunocomprometidos e idosos. L. monocytogenes tem sido encontrada com freqüência em alimentos in natura e/ou processados, como queijos e outros produtos lácteos. Esse estudo objetivou isolar bactérias lácticas a partir de leite de cabra, capazes de produzir peptídeos antimicrobianos (bacteriocinas), identificar estas cepas, caracterizar as bacteriocinas produzidas e avaliar o seu potencial de aplicação no controle da multiplicação de L. monocytogenes em queijo de cabra durante armazenamento a 8-10°C. Trabalhando-se com leite de cabra cru, foi possível isolar seis cepas produtoras de bacteriocinas (DF2Mi, DF3Mi, DF4Mi, DF5Mi, DF6Mi e DF60Mi). Através de testes fenotípicos apropriados e sequenciamento do 16S rRNA, essas cepas foram identificadas como Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (DF2Mi, DF3Mi, DF4Mi e DF5Mi), Leuconostoc lactis (DF6Mi) e Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei (DF60Mi). A caracterização físico-química e biológica das bacteriocinas produzidas pelas cepas DF4Mi...

Leite humano como fonte de bactérias lácticas produtoras de bacteriocinas e com potencial probiótico; Human milk as a source of lactic acid bacteria producing bacteriocins and probiotic potential

Trento, Fabiana Katia Helena de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/09/2012 PT
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Além do aspecto nutricional de suma importância, é notória a contribuição do leite humano para o processo de desenvolvimento da microbiota intestinal do recémnascido, um importante mecanismo de defesa do organismo contra doenças infecciosas. O papel do leite humano como fonte de bactérias probióticas, principais constituintes da microbiota intestinal, tem sido tópico de pesquisas recentes. Este trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de determinar e comparar a composição da microbiota de oito amostras de leite humano e verificar o potencial de utilização desse produto como fonte de bactérias probióticas. Para tanto, utilizaram-se cinco meios de cultivos seletivos para contagem presuntiva de gêneros normalmente encontrados em leite humano: lactococos, enterococos, bifidobactérias e propionibactérias. A análise quantitativa da microbiota demonstrou tendência de diminuição da contagem em função do aumento do tempo de lactação. A análise qualitativa confirmou a presença de distintos gêneros de bactérias lácticas potencialmente probióticas com algumas variações entre as amostras de leite humano. Na segunda etapa 800 colônias isoladas a partir dos cinco meios de cultivos e caracterizadas como bactérias lácticas foram selecionadas quanto às suas propriedades probióticas (produção de bacteriocina...

Interações entre bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas e a microbiota autóctone de charque; Interactions between bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria and the autochthonous microbiota from charqui

Biscola, Vanessa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2011 PT
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O charque é um produto cárneo tipicamente brasileiro, salgado e seco ao sol, ainda produzido de maneira artesanal. Durante sua produção há uma etapa de fermentação, realizada pela microbiota naturalmente presente na matéria-prima, o que dificulta a padronização do produto, e pode influenciar negativamente em suas características sensoriais e qualidade microbiológica. O controle da etapa de fermentação do charque seria uma alternativa para minimizar este problema e, neste contexto, as bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas se enquadram de forma interessante. A microbiota autóctone de charque inclui principalmente bactérias láticas e micro-organismos halofílicos e halotolerantes, sendo assim, este produto apresenta potencial como fonte para o isolamento de novas bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas. Assim, este trabalho teve por objetivo isolar e identificar culturas de bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas naturalmente presentes no charque, caracterizar parcialmente as bacteriocinas produzidas por essas culturas, avaliar seu potencial de aplicação neste produto para a melhoria de sua qualidade microbiológica e avaliar seu efeito na ecologia microbiana do charque, nas diferentes etapas de sua fabricação. Através da técnica de tripla camada em ágar foi isolada uma cepa de Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis apresentando o gene codificador para nisina Z e com capacidade de inibir...

Bactérias láticas produtoras de bacteriocinas em salame: isolamento, caracterização, encapsulação e aplicação no controle de Listeria monocytogenes em salame experimentalmente contaminado; Bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria in salami: isolation, characterization, encapsulation and application for the control of listeria monocytogenes in experimentally contaminated salami

Barbosa, Matheus de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2013 PT
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A tecnologia da microencapsulação apresenta várias aplicações na indústria de alimentos. Sabendo-se que diferentes fatores intrínsecos e extrínsecos dos alimentos podem influenciar a produção e atividade antimicrobiana das bacteriocinas produzidas pelas bactérias láticas, este estudo teve como principal objetivo avaliar a funcionalidade da encapsulação de bactérias láticas (BAL) bacteriocinogênicas em alginato de cálcio no controle de Listeria monocytogenes em salame experimentalmente contaminado. Para atingir este objetivo, foram isoladas novas cepas de BAL a partir de salame, que foram identificadas e caracterizadas quanto às propriedades das bacteriocinas produzidas, avaliando-se a influência do processo de encapsulação na produção de bacteriocinas. Foram isoladas quatro cepas produtoras de bacteriocinas, identificadas como Lactobacillus sakei (uma cepa), Lactobacillus curvatus (duas cepas) e Lactobacillus plantarum (uma cepa), nomeadas MBSa1, MBSa2, MBSa3 e MBSa4, respectivamente. As bacteriocinas produzidas pelas quatro cepas foram termoestáveis e com exceção da cepa MBSa2, sensíveis a pH acima de 8. Todas inibiram todas as cepas de Listeria monocytogenes testadas e várias espécies de BAL, mas foram inativas contra bactérias Gram negativas. As bacteriocinas foram purificadas por cromatografia de troca iônica seguida de cromatografia de interação hidrofóbica sequencial e cromatografia de fase reversa...

Cell membrane damage induced by phenolic acids on wine lactic acid bacteria

Campos, F.M.; Couto, J.A.; Figueiredo, A.R.; Tóth, I.V.; Rangel, A.O.S.S.; Hogg, T.A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of phenolic acids on cell membrane permeability of lactic acid bacteria from wine. Several phenolic acids were tested for their effects on the cell membrane of Oenococcus oeni and Lactobacillus hilgardii by measuring potassium and phosphate efflux, proton influx and by assessing culture viability employing a fluorescence technique based on membrane integrity. The experimental results indicate that hydroxycinnamic acids (p-coumaric, caffeic and ferulic acids) induce greater ion leakages and higher proton influx than hydroxybenzoic acids (p-hydroxibenzoic, protocatechuic, gallic, vanillic, and syringic acids). Among the hydroxycinnamic acids, p-coumaric acid showed the strongest effect. Moreover, the exposure of cells to phenolic acids caused a significant decrease in cell culture viability, as measured by the fluorescence assay, in both tested strains. The results agree with previous results obtained in growth experiments with the same strains. Generally, phenolic acids increased the cell membrane permeability in lactic acid bacteria from wine. The different effects of phenolic acids on membrane permeability could be related to differences in their structure and lipophilic character.

Effect of phenolic acids on glucose and organic acid metabolism by lactic acid bacteria from wine

Campos, Francisco M.; Figueiredo, Ana R.; Hogg, Tim A.; Couto, José A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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The influence of phenolic (p-coumaric, caffeic, ferulic, gallic and protocatechuic) acids on glucose and organic acid metabolism by two strains of wine lactic acid bacteria (Oenococcus oeni VF and Lactobacillus hilgardii 5) was investigated. Cultures were grown in modified MRS medium supplemented with different phenolic acids. Cellular growth was monitored and metabolite concentrations were determined by HPLC-RI. Despite the strong inhibitory effect of most tested phenolic acids on the growth of O. oeni VF, the malolactic activity of this strain was not considerably affected by these compounds. While less affected in its growth, the capacity of L. hilgardii 5 to degrade malic acid was clearly diminished. Except for gallic acid, the addition of phenolic acids delayed the metabolism of glucose and citric acid in both strains tested. It was also found that the presence of hydroxycinnamic acids (p-coumaric, caffeic and ferulic) increased the yield of lactic and acetic acid production from glucose by O. oeni VF and not by L. hilgardii 5. The results show that important oenological characteristics of wine lactic acid bacteria, such as the malolactic activity and the production of volatile organic acids, may be differently affected by the presence of phenolic acids...

Factors influencing the production of volatile phenols by wine lactic acid bacteria

Silva, Isa; Campos, Francisco; Hogg, Tim; Couto, José António
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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This work aimed to evaluate the effect of certain factors on the production of volatile phenols from the metabolism of p-coumaric acid by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) (Lactobacillus plantarum, L. collinoides and Pediococcus pentosaceus). The studied factors were: pH, L-malic acid concentration, glucose and fructose concentrations and aerobic/anaerobic conditions. It was found that, in the pH range of 3.5 to 4.5, the higher the pH the greater the production of volatile phenols. This behaviour is correlated with the effect of pH on bacterial growth. Increasing levels of L-malic acid in the medium diminished the production of 4-vinylphenol (4VP) and stimulated the production of 4-ethylphenol (4EP) by L. plantarum NCFB 1752 and L. collinoides ESB 99. The conversion of 4VP into 4EP by the activity of the vinylphenol reductase may be advantageous to the cells in the presence of L-malic acid, presumably due to the generation of NAD+, a cofactor required by the malolactic enzyme. Relatively high levels of glucose (20 g/L) led to an almost exclusive production of 4VP by L. plantarum NCFB 1752, while at low concentrations (≤5 g/L), 4EP is mainly or solely produced. Part of the glucose may be diverted to the production of mannitol as an alternative pathway to regenerate NAD+. This is corroborated by the experiments done with fructose...

Evaluation of thermotolerant capacity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from commercial sausages and the effects of their addition on the quality of cooked sausages

Pérez-Chabela,María de Lourdes; Totosaus,Alfonso; Guerrero,Isabel
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2008 EN
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The thermotolerant capacity of several lactic acid bacteria strains isolated from cooked commercial sausages was determined. Four strains were positively identified as Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus curvatus, Pediococcus pentosaceus and Pediococcus acidilacti, after surviving thermal treatment (70 °C during 60 minutes). Thermotolerant strains were inoculated in sausage batters before cooking in order to determine their effect on color, texture, acceptance and inhibition of Enterobacteria during 12 days at 8 °C. No significant effect of the inoculated strains was detected on color parameters. Textural profile parameters, cohesiveness and resilience, were not affected by the inoculation of thermotolerant lactic acid bacteria, but L. curvatus sausages resulted softer than the rest of the treatments. Samples inoculated with L. curvatus also obtained the lowest scores for the sensory attributes evaluated, with the remaining treatments causing no unfavorable effects on sausage acceptance. There was a reduction in enterobacterial counts after 12 days of cold storage in inoculated samples. The performance of inoculated lactic acid bacteria strains can be explained in a similar way as that of starter cultures in dry-fermented sausages...

Antimicrobial properties of lactic acid bacteria isolated from uruguayan artisan cheese

Fraga Cotelo,Martín; Perelmuter Schein,Karen; Giacaman Salvo,Sheila Solange; Zunino Abirad,Pablo Miguel; Carro Techera,Silvana Beatriz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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Uruguayan artisan cheese is elaborated with raw milk and non-commercial starters. The associated native microbiota may include lactic acid bacteria and also potentially pathogenic bacteria. Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from artisan cheese, raw milk, and non-commercial starter cultures, and their potential bacteriocin production was assessed. A culture collection of 509 isolates was obtained, and five isolates were bacteriocin-producers and were identified as Enterococcus durans,Lactobacillus casei, and Lactococcus lactis. No evidence of potential virulence factors were found in E. durans strains. These are promising results in terms of using these native strains for cheese manufacture and to obtain safe products.

Population dynamics of mixed cultures of yeast and lactic acid bacteria in cider conditions

Dierings,Leila Roseli; Braga,Cíntia Maia; Silva,Karolline Marques da; Wosiacki,Gilvan; Nogueira,Alessandro
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
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The objective of this work was to study the malolactic bioconversion in low acidity cider, according Brazilian conditions. The apple must was inoculated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or S. cerevisiae with Oenococcus oeni. The control contained the indigenous microorganisms. Fermentation assays were carried out with clarified apple must from the Gala variety. At the beginning of fermentation, there was a fast growth of the non-Saccharomyces yeast population. Competitive inhibition occurred in all the assays, either with inoculated or indigenous populations of the yeast. The lactic acid bacteria count was ca. 1.41·10²CFU/mL at the beginning and 10(6)CFU/mL after yeast cells autolysis. The lactic bacteria O. oeni reached the highest population (10(7)CFU/mL) when added to the apple must after the decline of the yeast. The malic acid was totally consumed during the alcoholic fermentation period (80.0 to 95.5 %) and lactic acid was still synthesized during the 35 days of malolactic fermentation. These results could be important in order to achieve a high quality brut, or sec cider obtained from the dessert apple must.

Antilisterial activity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from vacuum-packaged brazilian meat and meat products

Martinis,Elaine C.P. De; Públio,Márcia R.P.; Santarosa,Priscila R.; Freitas,Flávia Z.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2001 EN
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Twenty samples of Brazilian meat and meat products were screened by the agar overlay method for bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria, using Lactobacillus sake ATCC 15521 as indicator strain. Based on Gram staining, KOH reaction, catalase test and fermentation of 49 carbohydrates (API 50 CH), three out of seven isolates with confirmed antagonist properties were identified as Lactobacillus curvatus, one as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and one as Leuconostoc sp. Two isolates could not be properly identified using these tests. The inhibitors produced by these strains were sensitive to proteases. Inhibition due to lytic bacteriophages was ruled out, so the isolates were classified as bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria. Four of them presented antilisterial activity and a potential application as biopreservatives in meat systems.

Isolation of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria from meat and meat products and its spectrum of inhibitory activity

Bromberg,Renata; Moreno,Izildinha; Zaganini,Cíntia Lopes; Delboni,Roberta Regina; Oliveira,Josiane de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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A total of 285 samples of meat and meat products were evaluated for the presence of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria by the "sandwich" test. From 174 of these samples, 813 strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated. They were able to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus CTC 33 and/or Listeria innocua Lin 11. When evaluated by the well-diffusion assay, 128 of these strains inhibited the growth of the indicator strains. The inhibitory spectra of activity of the isolates were evaluated against a range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative test organisms. S. aureus was the most sensitive indicator tested, whereas Enterococcus faecalis and Lactobacillus plantarum were the most resistant ones. All the compounds produced by the lactic acid bacteria were fully or partially inactivated by some of the proteolytic enzymes, which indicates their proteinaceous nature. The antimicrobial activity of the bacteriocins produced by the lactic acid bacteria isolated in this work could act as a potential barrier to inhibit the growth of spoilage bacteria and foodborne pathogens.

Identification of lactic acid bacteria associated with traditional cachaça fermentations

Gomes,Fatima C. O.; Silva,Carol L. C.; Vianna,Cristina R.; Lacerda,Inayara C. A.; Borelli,Beatriz M.; Nunes,Álvaro C.; Franco,Gloria R.; Mourão,Marina M.; Rosa,Carlos A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.31%
During the production of traditional cachaça (alembic´s cachaça), contamination of the fermented must is one of the factors leading to economic losses in the beverage manufacturing industry. The diversity of bacterial populations and the role of these microorganisms during the cachaça production process are still poorly understood in Brazil. In our work, the fermentation process was followed in two distilleries located in the state of Minas Gerais. The objective of this work was to identify the populations of lactic acid bacteria present during cachaça fermentation using physiological and molecular methods. Lactic acid bacteria were isolated in high frequencies during all of the fermentative processes, and Lactobacillus plantarum and L. casei were the most prevalent species. Other lactic acid bacteria were found in minor frequencies, such as L. ferintoshensis, L. fermentum, L. jensenii, L. murinus, Lactococcus lactis, Enterococcus sp. and Weissella confusa. These bacteria could contribute to the increase of volatile acidity levels or to the production of compounds that could influence the taste and aroma of the beverage.

Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts from the Brazilian grape sourdough

Aplevicz,Krischina Singer; Mazo,Jaciara Zarpellon; Ilha,Eunice Cassanego; Dinon,Andréia Zilio; Sant´Anna,Ernani Sebastião
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
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Sourdough is a mixture of flour and water fermented by lactic acid bacteria and yeast, with a large use in bakery products. This study was developed with Brazilian grape (Niagara rosada) sourdough obtained from spontaneous fermentation. The aim of this work was to characterize genotypic and phenotypically lactic acid bacteria and yeasts isolated from sourdough. The phenotypic identification for bacteria and yeasts was performed by using the kit API50CHL and 20CAUX and the genotypic characterization was performed by sequencing method. A total of four isolated strains were analyzed in this study. Two of these strains were phenotypically and genotypic identified as Lactobacillus paracasei and one as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Another sample phenotypically identified as Candida pelliculosa did not show the same identity by sequencing. It shows the need to use phenotypic and genotypic characterization associated for the correct microorganism identification.

Diversity of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Brazilian Water Buffalo Mozzarella Cheese

Silva, Luana Faria; Casella, Tiago; Gomes, Elisangela Soares; Lelles Nogueira, Mara Correa; Lindner, Juliano De Dea; Barretto Penna, Ana Lucia
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: M411-M417
ENG
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Processo FAPESP: 2008/56667-5; Processo FAPESP: 2011/11922-0; The water buffalo mozzarella cheese is a typical Italian cheese which has been introduced in the thriving Brazilian market in the last 10 y, with good acceptance by its consumers. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play an important role in the technological and sensory quality of mozzarella cheese. In this study, the aim was to evaluate the diversity of the autochthones viable LAB isolated from water buffalo mozzarella cheese under storage. Samples were collected in 3 independent trials in a dairy industry located in the southeast region of Brazil, on the 28th day of storage, at 4 oC. The LAB were characterized by Gram staining, catalase test, capacity to assimilate citrate, and production of CO2 from glucose. The diversity of LAB was evaluated by RAPD-PCR (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction), 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and by Vitek 2 system. Twenty LAB strains were isolated and clustered into 12 different clusters, and identified as Streptococcus thermophilus, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus durans, Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides...

Gas-producing and spoilage potential of Enterobacteriaceae and lactic acid bacteria isolated from chilled vacuum-packaged beef

Chaves, Rafael D.; Silva, Alessandra R.; Sant'Ana, Anderson S.; Campana, Felippe B.; Massaguer, Pilar R.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.29%
This study aimed to enumerate and identify lactic acid bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae from spoiled and nonspoiled chilled vacuum-packaged beef and determine their potential to cause blown pack spoilage. These microbial groups were also enumerated in nonspoiled samples and detected in abattoir samples. The potential of isolates to cause blown pack spoilage of vacuum-packaged beef stored at chilled temperature (4 degrees C) and abuse temperature (15 degrees C) was investigated. Populations of lactic acid bacteria in exudate of spoiled and nonspoiled samples were not significantly different (P > 0.05), whereas the number of lactic acid bacteria on the surface was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in spoiled samples as compared to nonspoiled samples. The population of Enterobacteriaceae species in exudate and on the surface of samples were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in spoiled packs in comparison with nonspoiled packs. Results of the deterioration potential showed that blown pack spoilage was noticeable after 7 days at 15 degrees C and after 6 weeks at 4 degrees C for samples inoculated with Hafnia alvei.; FAPESP; FAPESP; CNPq; CNPq

Gas-producing and spoilage potential of Enterobacteriaceae and lactic acid bacteria isolated from chilled vacuum-packaged beef

Chaves, Rafael D.; Silva, Alessandra R.; Sant'Ana, Anderson S.; Campana, Felippe B.; Massaguer, Pilar R.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell; Hoboken Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell; Hoboken
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.29%
This study aimed to enumerate and identify lactic acid bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae from spoiled and nonspoiled chilled vacuum-packaged beef and determine their potential to cause blown pack spoilage. These microbial groups were also enumerated in nonspoiled samples and detected in abattoir samples. The potential of isolates to cause blown pack spoilage of vacuum-packaged beef stored at chilled temperature (4 degrees C) and abuse temperature (15 degrees C) was investigated. Populations of lactic acid bacteria in exudate of spoiled and nonspoiled samples were not significantly different (P > 0.05), whereas the number of lactic acid bacteria on the surface was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in spoiled samples as compared to nonspoiled samples. The population of Enterobacteriaceae species in exudate and on the surface of samples were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in spoiled packs in comparison with nonspoiled packs. Results of the deterioration potential showed that blown pack spoilage was noticeable after 7 days at 15 degrees C and after 6 weeks at 4 degrees C for samples inoculated with Hafnia alvei.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

Potential of phenolic compounds for controlling lactic acid bacteria growth in wine

García-Ruiz, A.; Bartolomé, Begoña; Martínez-Rodríguez, Adolfo J.; Pueyo, E.; Martín-Álvarez, Pedro J.; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 24064 bytes; application/msword
ENG
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Lactic acid bacteria are important in enology since they undergo the malolactic fermentation, a process which main effect is the reduction of wine acidity and is almost indispensable in red wine-making. However, if this process is not well controlled during the elaboration of wine, alterations in wine quality due to bacteria metabolic activity can happen. Polyphenols are wine natural components in must and wine that can potentially affect the growth of lactic acid bacteria and the malolactic fermentation. In this paper, after describing the main features of the malolactic fermentation in wine, we review the use of different chemical substances to control growth of lactic acid bacteria in enology. Special attention is given to phenolic compounds, being revised the recent studies about the effect of polyphenols on the growth and metabolism of lactic acid bacteria in wine in order to establish the extent to which these compounds are involved in malolactic fermentation during wine-making. Finally, the potential use of phenolic extracts as new antimicrobial agents during wine-making, as a total or partial alternative to traditional treatments mainly using sulphur dioxide (SO2) is discussed; Work in the laboratory of the authors was funded by the Spanish Ministry for Science and Education (AGL2006-04514 and PETRI95-0759 OP Projects)...

Occurrence of lactic acid bacteria and biogenic amines in biologically aged wines

Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria; Polo, María Carmen
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 24064 bytes; application/msword
ENG
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Biologically aged sherry-type wines are elaborated by the so-called 'criadera and solera' system, which essentially involves development of the yeast on the wine surface forming a film velum for several years. Lactic acid bacteria can also develop and contribute to sherry-type wine quality, although their presence and role in this enological process have received very little attention. In this study, lactic acid bacteria microbiota and the presence of biogenic amines were investigated throughout the manufacture and biological aging of 36 samples of sherry wines. Malolactic fermentation was found to mainly take place during the first stage of biological ageing. The incidence and populations of lactic acid bacteria in sherry wines were low. The diversity of bacterial species isolated from the wines was greater than previously reported and included species of Lactobacillus, with prevailing Lactobacillus hilgardii, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus zeae and Leuconostoc mesenteroides. The biogenic amine-producing capacity of the isolates was also determined. Five strains were putrescine producers, while another strain was shown to produce tyramine and phenylethylamine, simultaneously. L zeae was one of the predominant species in wines during the biological aging and seemed to be one of the main putrescine producers. The biogenic amine composition of the wines investigated was similar to that reported for other types of wines. Putrescine was the major amine...