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A subcultura prisional e os limites da ação da APAC sobre as políticas penais públicas: um estudo na Cadeia Pública de Bragança Paulista; Prison subculture and the limits of APAC action on public penal policies: a study at Bragança Paulista jail

Massola, Gustavo Martineli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
A Cadeia Pública de Bragança Paulista (São Paulo) passou a ser administrada, desde primeiro de janeiro de 1996, através de um convênio com o Governo do Estado de São Paulo, por uma Associação Civil sem fins lucrativos chamada Associação de Proteção e Assistência Carcerária (APAC), que conseguiu reduzir os custos de administração prisional e investir o dinheiro excedente na melhoria das condições físicas e na contratação de profissionais técnicos (como psicólogos e assistentes sociais). Os voluntários desta Associação, organizados em grupos de trabalho, passaram a conviver intimamente com os presos. Esta Cadeia passou a ser vista como um exemplo bem-sucedido de administração prisional conjunta entre Estado e comunidade, capaz de promover a ressocialização dos presos, e foi escolhida como modelo para a construção dos Centros de Ressocialização - unidades de segurança mínima - pela Secretaria de Administração Penitenciária de São Paulo, apresentando-se como um exemplo de concretização da moderna utopia penitenciária. No presente trabalho, de cunho exploratório e descritivo, esta unidade prisional foi estudada por método etnográfico e documental (visitas semanais durante aproximadamente três anos) com o pesquisador adotando o papel de voluntário. Buscou-se caracterizar as relações estabelecidas entre os agentes institucionais (voluntários...

Radiographic screening for tuberculosis in a large urban county jail.

Puisis, M; Feinglass, J; Lidow, E; Mansour, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
OBJECTIVE. This study was designed to evaluate an innovative program of high speed radiographic screening for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) at a large urban correctional institution, Cook County Jail in Chicago. METHODS. From March 1992 to February 1994, 126,608 inmates were screened on intake with a 100-mm mini-chest radiograph. RESULTS. Sixty-seven cases of active TB were identified by radiograph and 19 others from diagnostic work-up. The case finding rate for active disease with radiographic screening was approximately double the rate previously achieved with Mantoux skin testing. Mean time from jail entry to isolation was reduced from 17.6 days with Mantoux skin testing to 2.3 days with radiographic screening. CONCLUSIONS. In large jail facilities, high speed X-ray screening for TB can minimize disruption of the intake process and lead to dramatic improvements in the efficiency of medical follow-up and isolation.

The prevalence of severe mental disorder among male urban jail detainees: comparison with the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program.

Teplin, L A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1990 EN
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This paper presents the prevalence rates of schizophrenia and major affective disorders by age and race among a random sample of male jail detainees. Subjects were administered the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule (NIMH-DIS). The jail prevalence rates were then compared with general population data from the five-city Epidemiologic Catchment Area program using difference of proportion tests and loglinear analysis. After controlling for demographic differences between the jail and five-city samples, the jail prevalence rates were still two to three times higher than those in the general population. These findings suggest several public policy modifications concerning the psychiatric management of our burgeoning jail population.

Use of drugs among persons admitted to a country jail.

Ford, A B; Houser, H B; Jackson, E B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1975 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
Examinations of 427 prisoners at the time of the admission to a large urban county jail showed that more than a quarter were, or had been, users of potentially addictive drugs. Except for their drug problems, the drug users did not present any more of different health problems than the nonusers. The treatment for drug abuse recommended by the examining physicians was, for the most part, not available in the facility. Evidence of continued drug use in the jail by less than 10 per cent of the prisoners was obtained at 4-week and 8-week followup examinations. Detection of drug use by means of questionnaires and urine testing was shown to be feasible among persons admitted to such a jail.

Women in jail: is substance abuse treatment enough?

Alemagno, S A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the self-reported needs of women in jail who indicated a need for drug abuse services. METHODS: A total of 165 interviews were conducted of women held in a large, urban county jail in Ohio in May 1999. RESULTS: Drug-abusing women were more likely to report a need for housing, mental health counseling, education, job training, medical care, family support, and parenting assistance when released from jail. CONCLUSIONS: The provision of drug abuse treatment referrals to women in jail may not break the continual cycle of drug use and incarceration if other needs cannot be addressed.

Cancer Screening Among Jail Inmates: Frequency, Knowledge, and Willingness

Binswanger, Ingrid A.; White, Mary C.; Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J.; Goldenson, Joe; Tulsky, Jacqueline Peterson
Fonte: © American Journal of Public Health 2005 Publicador: © American Journal of Public Health 2005
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Objectives. We determined jail inmates’ knowledge of cancer screening tests, their frequency of screening, and their willingness to undergo screening in jail in order to assess preventive health services for jail inmates.

Assessment of tuberculosis screening and management practices of large jail systems.

Reichard, Audrey A.; Lobato, Mark N.; Roberts, Cheryl A.; Bazerman, Lauri B.; Hammett, Theodore M.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
OBJECTIVE: This descriptive study sought to explore the use and timeliness of tuberculosis (TB) screening and management activities in jail facilities. METHODS: Study personnel visited 20 large U.S. jail systems and reviewed the medical records of 56 inmates who had recently been evaluated for TB disease and 376 inmates who were diagnosed with or confirmed to have latent TB infection (LTBI). Data from these records were analyzed to determine completion and timeliness of screening, diagnostic, and treatment activities. RESULTS: In 14% of 56 inmates evaluated for TB disease and 24% of 376 inmates with LTBI, chest radiographs were either not performed or not documented. Of 48 inmates evaluated for TB disease who were not receiving treatment when admitted to jail, 10 had no record of sputum collection being done. A mean delay of 3.1 days occurred from symptom report to respiratory isolation. Time from tuberculin skin test reading to chest radiograph reading was a mean of 5.3 days in inmates evaluated for TB disease and a mean of 7.0 days in inmates with LTBI. Follow-up was arranged for 91% of released inmates who were on treatment for TB disease and only 17% of released inmates who were on treatment for LTBI. CONCLUSIONS: Jail health information systems should be augmented to better document and monitor inmate health care related to TB. Completion rates and timeliness of TB screening...

Utilization of former military medical corpsmen in the provision of jail health services.

King, L; Reynolds, A; Young, Q
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In an effort to improve the quality of health services within a large urban jail, former military medical corpsmen have been employed as an integral component of a jail health service. Medical corpsmen are responsible for the performance of intake medical evaluations, delivery of prescription medications, triage for physician sick call, and provision of elementary health services on the jail tiers. Utilization of medical corpsmen has been associated with improved rates of medication delivery as well as beneficial effects in relation to tuberculosis and venereal disease control, and a more appropriate utilization of physician services. Effective utilization of medical corpsmen requires cooperation from the correctional staff as well as consistent supervision and support by qualified physicians.

Deaths in the Cook County Jail: 10-Year Report, 1995–2004

Kim, Seijeoung; Ting, Andrew; Puisis, Michael; Rodriguez, Sergio; Benson, Roger; Mennella, Connie; Davis, Faith
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.82%
The aims of this study were to describe causes of death during the 10-year period between 1995 and 2004 in a large urban jail in Chicago; to compare disease specific mortality rates between the jail population and the general population; to explore demographic and incarceration characteristics of the inmates who died in the jail by cause of death; and to examine gender difference in demographic characteristics, incarceration patterns, and causes of death. A total of 178 deaths occurring in the jail over a 10-year period (1995–2004) were reviewed. Age-adjusted disease-specific mortality rates were computed for the jail population and compared with the rates in the US general population. Cause of death, demographic variables, and incarceration related factors were retrieved from multiple computerized databases. Descriptive analyses were performed to examine demographic and incarceration-related patterns by cause of death and gender. Heart disease was the most frequent cause of death in the jail population, followed by cerebrovascular disease and suicide. Mortality rates for heart diseases, infectious/inflammatory conditions and suicide were higher for jail inmates than the general population. Black inmates accounted for the majority of deaths due to illnesses and homicide...

Predominance of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus among Pathogens Causing Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in a Large Urban Jail: Risk Factors and Recurrence Rates ▿

David, Michael Z.; Mennella, Connie; Mansour, Mohamed; Boyle-Vavra, Susan; Daum, Robert S.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In the 1990s, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains emerged as pathogens outside of the health care environment. Epidemic foci of CA-MRSA infections were reported in jails and prisons, but risk factors for MRSA infection there are not known. All skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) cultured in the Cook County Jail in March 2004 to August 2005 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical risk factors were compared among patients with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) SSTIs and those with MRSA SSTIs. Antibiotic susceptibilities were recorded, and we performed multilocus sequence typing on a sample of MRSA isolates. There were 378 SSTIs from different patients requiring culture, of which 240 (63.5%) were of MRSA and 43 (11.4%) were of MSSA; 84.8% of S. aureus isolates were MRSA. MRSA- and MSSA-infected patients were similar with regard to age, gender, ethnicity, previous exposure to the jail, and comorbidities. In the 12 months prior to the index culture, MRSA patients were more likely to have received a β-lactam antibiotic (25% versus 9%; P = 0.02). Among 26 MRSA strains, 24 (92%) had the sequence type 8 (ST8) genotype. Within 6 months, 14% (95% confidence interval, 8.7% to 22.3%) of MRSA SSTI patients in the jail had a recurrent SSTI compared with 8.8% (95% confidence interval...

Buprenorphine and Methadone Maintenance in Jail and Post-Release: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Magura, Stephen; Lee, Joshua D.; Hershberger, Jason; Joseph, Herman; Marsch, Lisa; Shropshire, Carol; Rosenblum, Andrew
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
Buprenorphine has rarely been administered as an opioid agonist maintenance therapy in a correctional setting. This study introduced buprenorphine maintenance in a large urban jail, Rikers Island in New York City. Heroin-dependent men not enrolled in community methadone treatment and sentenced to 10-90 days in jail (N=116) were voluntarily randomly assigned either to buprenorphine or methadone maintenance, the latter being the standard of care for eligible inmates at Rikers. Buprenorphine and methadone maintenance completion rates in jail were equally high, but the buprenorphine group reported for their designated post-release treatment in the community significantly more often than did the methadone group (48% vs. 14%, p <.001). Consistent with this result, prior to release from Rikers, buprenorphine patients stated an intention to continue treatment after release more often than did methadone patients (93% vs. 44%, p <.001). Buprenorphine patients were also less likely than methadone patients to withdraw voluntarily from medication while in jail (3% vs. 16%, p <.05). There were no post-release differences between the buprenorphine and methadone groups in self-reported relapse to illicit opioid use, self-reported re-arrests, self-reported severity of crime or re-incarceration in jail. After initiating opioid agonist treatment in jail...

JAIL: a structure-based interface library for macromolecules

Günther, Stefan; von Eichborn, Joachim; May, Patrick; Preissner, Robert
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The increasing number of solved macromolecules provides a solid number of 3D interfaces, if all types of molecular contacts are being considered. JAIL annotates three different kinds of macromolecular interfaces, those between interacting protein domains, interfaces of different protein chains and interfaces between proteins and nucleic acids. This results in a total number of about 184 000 database entries. All the interfaces can easily be identified by a detailed search form or by a hierarchical tree that describes the protein domain architectures classified by the SCOP database. Visual inspection of the interfaces is possible via an interactive protein viewer. Furthermore, large scale analyses are supported by an implemented sequential and by a structural clustering. Similar interfaces as well as non-redundant interfaces can be easily picked out. Additionally, the sequential conservation of binding sites was also included in the database and is retrievable via Jmol. A comprehensive download section allows the composition of representative data sets with user defined parameters. The huge data set in combination with various search options allow a comprehensive view on all interfaces between macromolecules included in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). The download of the data sets supports numerous further investigations in macromolecular recognition. JAIL is publicly available at http://bioinformatics.charite.de/jail.

Linking HIV-positive Jail Inmates to Treatment, Care, and Social Services After Release: Results from a Qualitative Assessment of the COMPASS Program

Nunn, Amy; Cornwall, Alexandra; Fu, Jeannia; Bazerman, Lauri; Loewenthal, Helen; Beckwith, Curt
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Approximately 17% of individuals living with HIV/AIDS pass through the correctional system each year. Jails provide a unique opportunity to diagnose and treat HIV infection among high-risk, transient populations with limited access to medical services. In 2007, the US Health Resources and Services Administration funded a multi-site demonstration project entitled Enhancing Linkages to HIV Primary Care in Jail Settings that aims to improve diagnosis and treatment services for HIV-positive jail detainees and link them to community-based medical care and social services upon release. We performed an evaluation of the Rhode Island demonstration site entitled Community Partnerships and Supportive Services for HIV-Infected People Leaving Jail (COMPASS). Through in-depth qualitative interviews among 20 HIV-positive COMPASS participants in Rhode Island, we assessed how COMPASS impacted access to health care and social services utilization. Most individuals were receiving HIV treatment and care services upon enrollment, but COMPASS enhanced linkage to medical care and follow-up visits for HIV and other co-morbidities for most participants. Several participants were successfully linked to new medical services as a result of COMPASS, including one individual newly diagnosed with HIV and another who had been living with HIV for many years and was able to commence highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). While many individuals reported that COMPASS support prevented substance abuse relapse...

Jail incarceration and birth outcomes

Bell, Janice F.; Zimmerman, Frederick J.; Cawthon, Mary Lawrence; Huebner, Colleen E.; Ward, Deborah H.; Schroeder, Carole A.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
This study examined the relationships between jail incarceration during pregnancy and infant birth weight, preterm birth, and fetal growth restriction. We used multivariate regression analyses to compare outcomes for 496 births to women who were in jail for part of pregnancy with 4,960 Medicaid-funded births as matched community controls. After adjusting for potential confounding variables, the relationship between jail incarceration and birth outcomes was modified by maternal age. Relative to controls, women incarcerated during pregnancy had progressively higher odds of low birth weight and preterm birth through age 39 years; conversely, jail detainees older than 39 years were less likely than controls to experience low birth weight or preterm birth. For women in jail at all ages, postrelease maternity case management was associated with decreased odds of low birth weight, whereas prenatal care was associated with decreased odds of preterm birth. Local jails are important sites for public health intervention. Efforts to ensure that all pregnant women released from jail have access to enhanced prenatal health services may improve perinatal outcomes for this group of particularly vulnerable women and infants.

Using a jail-based survey to monitor HIV and risk behaviors among seattle area injection drug users

Thiede, Hanne; Romero, Michael; Bordelon, Keith; Hagan, Holly; Murrill, Christopher S.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.59%
Routine monitoring of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and risk behaviors among injection drug users (IDUs) is difficult outside drug treatment settings. We developed and implemented a survey of recently arrested IDUs to describe the prevalence of HIV, drug use, and sexual behaviors among them. A probability sampling survey was instituted in the King County Correctional Facility in Seattle, Washington, to sample recently arrested IDUs at the time of booking and in the jail health clinic between 1998 and 1999. Following HIV risk assessment and blood draw, additional information on drug use practices was gathered using a standardized questionnaire. Potential participants who were released from jail early could complete the study at a nearby research storefront office. Of the 4,344 persons intercepted at booking, 503 (12%) reported injection drug use, and 201 of the IDUs (40%) participated in the study. An additional 161 IDUs were enrolled in the study from the jail health clinic. Among the 348 unduplicated subjects, HIV prevalence was 2%; in the past 6 months, 69% reported two or more shooting partners, 72% used a cooker after someone else, 60% shared a syringe to divide up drugs, and 62% injected with used needles. Only 37% reported being hepatitis C seropositive...

An Evaluation of a Routine Opt-Out Rapid HIV Testing Program in a Rhode Island Jail

Beckwith, Curt G.; Bazerman, Lauri; Cornwall, Alexandra H.; Patry, Emily; Poshkus, Michael; Fu, Jeannia; Nunn, Amy
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 EN
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27.5%
There is an increased prevalence of HIV among incarcerated populations. We conducted a rapid HIV testing pilot program using oral specimens at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections jail. 1364 detainees were offered rapid testing upon jail entrance and 98% completed testing. Twelve detainees had reactive rapid tests, one of which was a new HIV diagnosis. To evaluate the program qualitatively, we conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with key stakeholders. There was overwhelming support for the oral fluid rapid HIV test. Correctional staff reported improved inmate processing due to the elimination of phlebotomy required with conventional HIV testing. Delivering negative rapid HIV test results in real-time during the jail intake process remained a challenge but completion of confirmatory testing among those with reactive rapid tests was possible. Rapid HIV testing using oral specimens in the RIDOC jail was feasible and preferred by correctional staff.

Understanding the Revolving Door: Individual and Structural-Level Predictors of Recidivism Among Individuals with HIV Leaving Jail

Fu, Jeannia J.; Herme, Maua; Wickersham, Jeffrey A.; Zelenev, Alexei; Althoff, Amy; Zaller, Nickolas D.; Bazazi, Alexander R.; Avery, Ann K.; Porterfield, Jeff; Jordan, Alison O.; Simon-Levine, Dominique; Lyman, Martha; Altice, Frederick L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Incarceration, particularly when recurrent, can significantly compromise the health of individuals living with HIV. Despite this, the occurrence of recidivism among individuals with HIV has been little examined, particularly among those leaving jail, who may be at especially high risk for return to the criminal justice system. We evaluated individual- and structural-level predictors of recidivism and time to re-incarceration in a cohort of 798 individuals with HIV leaving jail. Nearly a third of the sample experienced at least one re-incarceration event in the 6 months following jail release. Having ever been diagnosed with a major psychiatric disorder, prior homelessness, having longer lifetime incarceration history, having been charged with a violent offense for the index incarceration and not having health insurance in the 30 days following jail release were predictive of recidivism and associated with shorter time to re-incarceration. Health interventions for individuals with HIV who are involved in the criminal justice system should also target recidivism as a predisposing factor for poor health outcomes. The factors found to be associated with recidivism in this study may be potential targets for intervention and need to be further explored. Reducing criminal justice involvement should be a key component of efforts to promote more sustainable improvements in health and well-being among individuals living with HIV.

Creation of a Homeland Security Jail Information Model

Barsh, Jennifer L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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CHDS State/Local; September 11, 2001, is a date that resonates in each American; not only lives but policies and security practices changed that day. The intelligence community expanded its scope to include first responders, private citizens, and private companies. However, the U.S. jail system remains almost entirely overlooked by the homeland security intelligence community. The jail system provides a unique opportunity to gather real-time actionable intelligence without the need of a warrant. Some of the most villainous and notorious terrorists have spent time in jail and might have been caught or thwarted by a well-trained jail information team intimately connected to the national intelligence community. The intelligence community has yet to take advantage of the wealth of homeland security information concentrated, and accessible, in the U.S. jail system. Using qualitative research methods and Yins case study analysis, the Intelligence Cycle, and Lowenthals IC Functional Flow model in its analytical approach, this thesis explores three homeland security intelligence-gathering models to determine how best practices can be used to create a homeland security jail intelligence best practice model. The U.S. intelligence community will benefit from...

Mentally disordered women in jail: who receives services?

Teplin, L A; Abram, K M; McClelland, G M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.59%
OBJECTIVES: Many jail inmates have severe psychiatric disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, major affective disorders). The courts have mandated that detainees have a constitutional right to treatment. We investigated what proportion of female jail detainees needed mental health services, what proportion received services, and what variables predicted who received services. METHODS: Trained interviewers administered a psychiatric evaluation (the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule) to 1272 randomly selected female jail detainees during jail intake in a large Midwestern city. Project staff then documented whether women subsequently received services, using records and case files. RESULTS: Of the women who needed services, 23.5% received them while they were in jail. Type of disorder, treatment history, and socio-demographic variables all affected the odds of a mentally ill woman's receiving services. CONCLUSIONS: Correctional health care is a growing national public health problem. The magnitude of mental health service needs far exceeds current resources.

Evaluating Avoided Carbon Emission Benefits at the Santa Rita Jail

Lai, Judy
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 26/04/2013 EN_US
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The Santa Rita Jail, located in the city of Dublin, California, is the 5th largest county jail in the country. The site encompasses approximately 45 ha and the main buildings cover a million square feet. It operates year-round and has stringent requirements for reliable power. To this end, the microgrid and distributed energy resources scientists and researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been involved in the Chevron Energy Services lead project to convert the various onsite distributed generation (DG) technologies at the Jail into a true microgrid. Currently, the Jail’s technologies include large-scale batteries, photovoltaics (PVs), fuel cells (FCs), and wind turbines. Several research papers and reports have already analyzed and described the performance, bill savings, and return on investment of the equipment individually or together as a microgrid. This document reports the results of the effort at quantifying the value of avoided carbon emissions by analyzing the PV and FC performance and energy data from 2007 to 2011. Using California’s recent cap and trade allowance auction settlement prices, estimates of the avoided value of carbon emissions from PV and FC during the 5-year period are presented and compared to the counter-factual emissions had the Jail purchased all of its electricity from the local utility. The estimated value of avoided emissions is between $116...