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Associação entre volume cerebral e medidas de inteligência em adultos saudáveis: um estudo por ressonância magnética estrutural e volumetria baseada em voxel; Association between brain volume and intelligence measures in healthy adults: a structural magnetic resonance study and voxel-based volumetry

Duarte, Everton
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
Introdução: As funções cognitivas sofrem influência da idade, tanto no seu desenvolvimento como no seu declínio. De forma geral, as medidas de inteligência se relacionam com o volume de substância cinzenta (SC) em áreas cerebrais específicas e sofrem influência com o processo de envelhecimento. Em crianças e adolescentes as áreas envolvidas são o córtex pré-frontal, enquanto nos idosos e adultos jovens os córtices frontais e temporais desempenham um papel importante. Objetivo: Identificar quais áreas cerebrais estão implicadas nas variações das medidas de inteligência em uma amostra representativa de adultos jovens e idosos saudáveis. As hipóteses principais são: 1) haverá uma associação indireta entre distribuição de SC e idade envolvendo áreas de córtex frontal e temporal; 2) em adultos, as medidas de QI estimado irão se mostrar estáveis em decorrência da estabilidade entre as funções de inteligência fluida e cristalizada; 3) em idosos, as medidas de QI estimado apresentarão correlação direta com a distribuição de SC envolvendo o córtex temporal e límbico; 4) em idosos, as medidas de inteligência fluida apresentarão correlação direta com a distribuição de SC em córtices frontal e pré-frontal; 5) em idosos...

Os fatores de influência na decisão de escolha entre softwares de business intelligence

Jeronimo, Louremir Reinaldo
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
O cenário empresarial atual leva as empresas a terem atuações cada vez mais dinâmicas, buscando utilizar as informações disponíveis de modo a melhorar seu processo de decisão. Com esse objetivo, diversas organizações têm adquirido sistemas de business intelligence. O processo de seleção de sistemas é difícil, diferente do utilizado em outras aquisições empresariais e sofre influência de diversos aspectos intangíveis, o que impossibilita o uso das técnicas de análise financeira normalmente utilizadas pelas companhias para apoiar decisões de investimento. Dessa forma, pode-se dizer que a decisão de escolha de um software de business intelligence é baseada em um conjunto de fatores tanto tangíveis quanto intangíveis. Este trabalho teve como objetivo principal identificar e estabelecer um ranking dos principais fatores que influenciam a decisão de escolha entre sistemas de business intelligence, tendo como foco empresas do setor de incorporação imobiliária atuantes na grande São Paulo e como objetivo secundário procurar identificar a possível existência de aspectos determinantes para a decisão de escolha entre a lista de fatores apurados. Essa pesquisa foi realizada através de doze entrevistas com pessoas que participaram de processos de decisão de escolha de sistemas de business intelligence...

Possibilidades corporais como expressão da inteligencia humana no processo de ensino-aprendizagem; Corporal possibilities as part of human intelligence expression in the teaching-learning process

Tatiana Passos Zylberberg
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/02/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
A escola, fundada no dualismo corpo-mente, priorizou uma educação cognitivista baseando-se na tradicional compreensão da inteligência como uma condição unitária, hereditária e localizada no cérebro. A ?incapacidade inata?, diagnóstico comum para aqueles que obtinham baixos resultados em testes que hipoteticamente mensuravam a inteligência, surtiu efeito negativo no futuro escolar e social e, reforçou durante muitos anos, que as dificuldades de aprendizagem destas pessoas estavam relacionadas apenas as causas genéticas. A partir da década de 1980, as discussões sobre este assunto foram intensificadas, particularmente pela Teoria das Múltiplas Inteligências de Howard Gardner. Baseada na literatura recente sobre o processo de ensino-aprendizagem, na teoria de Gardner e, na perspectiva da corporeidade fundamentada por Merleau-Ponty, esta tese visa estudar as possibilidades corporais como expressão da inteligência humana, indo além da mensuração da inteligência nas expressões verbais e lógicas. A trajetória histórica que influenciou nosso modo de perceber a inteligência foi reconstruída com base em algumas questões: Como será que o professor, em pleno século XXI, identifica as inteligências de seus alunos? Quais rotas de acesso são utilizadas para que o aluno possa demonstrar o que aprendeu? Esta pesquisa qualitativa de abordagem fenomenológica...

Uma proposta de utilização das tecnologias de business intelligence para suporte a tomada de decisão no contexto de governo eletrônico; A proposal for business intelligence technologies utilization to decision making support in the electronic government context

Eduardo Zanoni Marques
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
A análise e interpretação dos dados gerados pelos sistemas de informação é uma realidade para as organizações públicas e privadas. Para atender a esta necessidade, surgiram os Sistemas de Suporte à Decisão. Dentre estes, os sistemas de Business Intelligence foram e estão sendo adotados pelo setor privado. No entanto, poucos trabalhos discutem a adoção destes sistemas para o setor público. Este trabalho discute as formas como os sistemas de Business Intelligence podem ser aplicados para auxiliar a administração pública, considerando as particularidades existentes neste setor. Ainda, este trabalho apresenta uma proposta pra construção de um ambiente de Business Intelligence utilizando ferramentas e tecnologias de código aberto. Este ambiente foi aplicado em um cenário real, onde é feita análise dos dados sociais da cidade de Campinas, SP; The analysis and interpretation of data generated by information systems is a reality for both public and private organizations. As a solution to this problem, the Decision Support Systems were created. Among those, Business Intelligence systems were and are being adopted in the private organizations. Even though, just a few papers discuss the adoption of these systems in public organizations. This dissertation discusses how Business Intelligence systems can be applied to support public administration...

A importância da competitive intelligence no processo de tomada de decisão

Jorge, João Pedro Godinho Alves
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /10/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Mestrado em Marketing; A Competitive Intelligence está a tornar-se numa prática mundial e numa importante ferramenta estratégica de suporte à decisão, conferindo às organizações maior ênfase analítica e orientação para a acção. Mais do que recolher ou arquivar o máximo de informação, muitas vezes só passível de análise posterior, as organizações necessitam saber o que fazer com ela, devendo reconhecer valor apenas à informação tratada e concentrar-se na colocação de boas perguntas e na definição das suas necessidades, deixando para segundo plano a existência ou não da informação. Este estudo investiga a aplicabilidade dos conceitos de Competitive Intelligence, ao nível das organizações portuguesas, avaliando a sua influência no processo de tomada de decisão, gestão estratégica e táctica, tentando responder à questão: “Quais os antecedentes que promovem uma resposta célere a acções competitivas da concorrência?”, Utiliza-se uma metodologia de pesquisa quantitativa, assente em técnicas multivariadas, resultante dum questionário on-line e numa amostra não probabilística, abarcando funções de topo das 1.000 maiores empresas nacionais por volume de facturação. Concluiu-se a existência de uma relação positiva entre a variável “Estrutura...

Intelligence: Real or artificial?

Schlinger, Henry D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Throughout the history of the artificial intelligence movement, researchers have strived to create computers that could simulate general human intelligence. This paper argues that workers in artificial intelligence have failed to achieve this goal because they adopted the wrong model of human behavior and intelligence, namely a cognitive essentialist model with origins in the traditional philosophies of natural intelligence. An analysis of the word “intelligence” suggests that it originally referred to behavior-environment relations and not to inferred internal structures and processes. It is concluded that if workers in artificial intelligence are to succeed in their general goal, then they must design machines that are adaptive, that is, that can learn. Thus, artificial intelligence researchers must discard their essentialist model of natural intelligence and adopt a selectionist model instead. Such a strategic change should lead them to the science of behavior analysis.

Elephant Crime Intelligence System Assessment

Fahlman, Robert C.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
This assessment concludes that individual nation as well as regional and transnational organizations now have severely limited to nonexistent capacities to effectively respond to growing threat levels. It proposes a networked intelligence-led strategy at national, regional, and transnational levels to more effectively control, reduce, and, more importantly, prevent the wholesale slaughter into extinction of the African elephant population within the next decade. It concludes by outlining the requirements for designing and implementing a long-term sustainable elephant crime intelligence system, including the required governance arrangements, and proposes the roles and functions that key organizations could play at the national, regional, and transnational levels. Currently, a robust intelligence system addressing elephant poaching and illegal trade of ivory at all phases within the intelligence process is either nonexistent or seriously limited in capacity (the key phases in the intelligence process are planning and direction; collection; evaluation; collation; analysis; reporting/dissemination/action). Therefore...

Rethinking threat: intelligence analysis, intentions, capabilities, and the challenge of non-state actors.

Vandepeer, Charles
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Recommendations for critical examinations of existing analytical approaches have become a consistent feature of the intelligence literature. Many of these are based on the recognition of an increasingly complex security environment in which non-state actors threaten states’ citizens. The publication of previously classified information, particularly following successful mass-casualty attacks, provides an opportunity for critically reviewing approaches to intelligence analysis. Within this context, this thesis critiques a foundational approach to intelligence analysis, namely a conceptual model of threat based on the dual-parameters of intentions and capabilities. This conventional approach was publicly described by J. David Singer in his 1958 seminal paper Threat Perception and the Armament-Tension Dilemma. Singer describes government and intelligence agencies’ perceptions of threat as being based on the parameters of capability and intent, displaying the relationship as a quasi-mathematical model: Threat-Perception = Estimated Capability x Estimated Intent. This thesis demonstrates this approach has been consistently used by governments, intelligence agencies and within the broader intelligence literature over the past five decades...

Auditory measures of intelligence and intelligence-related functions: where have we come from and where to from here?

Zajac, Ian Taylor
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Much of what is known of the nature of human intelligence derives from research concerned primarily with visually presented tests. This thesis, on the other hand, sought to extend this knowledge by exploring intelligence as expressed in the auditory modality. More specifically, the dissertation reports on a series of studies designed to broadly examine the extent to which existing broad ability constructs defined in modern intelligence taxonomies are expressed in performance on auditory tasks. The reason for doing so reflects the largely untested assumption that constructs like fluid and crystallised intelligence, for example, are not modality specific but cognitively general. Study 1 aimed to purposely design auditory tests to measure the broad construct general speed of processing (Gs). N=96 university undergraduates completed these new auditory tasks together with a selection of existing putative auditory Gs measures, and also a selection of established visual Gs marker tests. The new auditory tasks were found to display good reliability and, together with the visual tests, they defined moderately correlated broad Gs and RT speed factors. Study 2 extended the findings of Study 1. In particular, in light of the underrepresentation of visual tasks in the previous study...

Childhood intelligence is heritable, highly polygenic and associated with FNBP1L

Benyamin, B.; St Pourcain, B.; Davis, O.S.; Davies, G.; Hansell, N.K.; Brion, M.J.A.; Kirkpatrick, R.M.; Cents, R.A.M.; Franic, S.; Miller, M.B.; Haworth, C.M.A.; Meaburn, E.; Price, T.S.; Evans, D.M.; Timpson, N.; Kemp, J.; Ring, S.; McArdle, W.; Medland
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Intelligence in childhood, as measured by psychometric cognitive tests, is a strong predictor of many important life outcomes, including educational attainment, income, health and lifespan. Results from twin, family and adoption studies are consistent with general intelligence being highly heritable and genetically stable throughout the life course. No robustly associated genetic loci or variants for childhood intelligence have been reported. Here, we report the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) on childhood intelligence (age range 6–18 years) from 17 989 individuals in six discovery and three replication samples. Although no individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected with genome-wide significance, we show that the aggregate effects of common SNPs explain 22–46% of phenotypic variation in childhood intelligence in the three largest cohorts (p=3.9 × 10‾⁵, 0.014 and 0.028). FNBP1L, previously reported to be the most significantly associated gene for adult intelligence, was also significantly associated with childhood intelligence (p=0.003). Polygenic prediction analyses resulted in a significant correlation between predictor and outcome in all replication cohorts. The proportion of childhood intelligence explained by the predictor reached 1.2% (p=6 × 10‾⁵)...

Marine Corps intelligence for war as it really is

Leard, Thomas Edgar
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 122 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the operational intelligence apparatus that exists to support the U.S. Marine Corps' tactical warfighting commander. The questions that drive such an analysis are: what are the fundamental uniformities of operations? What are the intelligence requirements for the most likely conflict? What is the intelligence architecture? What are the problems of intelligence support? What are the near- term and long-term remedies for intelligence support in these most likely conflicts? Based on the recurring intelligence requirements of historical antecedents, the thesis focuses on the lack of an integrated and complete intelligence architecture that supports the warfighting commander. This encompasses a lack of operational connectivity of intelligence within the larger command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, and interoperability (C4I2) system/architecture. One utility of this thesis is in isolating the prevalent, realistic, operational and intelligence requirements for the employment of Marines. Another is in expanding the concept of a Marine Corps intelligence architecture. Optimizing the Marine Corps for its most likely military responses requires focusing intelligence on 'war as it really is.'; http://archive.org/details/marinecorpsintel00lear; Captain...

Navy and Marine Corps Intelligence integration

O'Connor, Jon Anthony
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: x, 55 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis contends that Navy and Marine Corps Intelligence would be more effective in the Global War on Terrorism if they were more integrated. Navy and Marine Corps Intelligence integration should bring Sailors and Marines together in all aspects of warfare to conduct coordinated intelligence. This does not imply that Sailors and Marines should be unified into one force. In fact, it is the unique skills of each service that make them indispensable to the other. Naval Intelligence provides the large scale team of professionals, the robust onboard systems, and communications, and the air intelligence/targeteering expertise. The Marine Corps provides detailed human intelligence in austere, anti-access environments. Designed for highly accurate targeting and raids ashore, Marine Corps intelligence can provide the timely, accurate, and relevant intelligence needed to fight the global war on terrorism for Expeditionary Strike Groups, Carrier Strike Groups, and even Surface Action Groups. The Naval Operating Concept for Joint Operations calls for further integration from both the Navy and the Marine Corps. As Sea Power 21 and Marine Corps Strategy 21 merge into Naval Power 21, the need for further Navy and Marine Corps integration becomes clear. This will challenge current organizational mindsets. Nevertheless...

Air commando Intel: optimizing specialization training for Air Force Special Operations Command Intelligence Officers

Workinger, Christopher L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 95 p. : (some col.) ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Since 1999, Air Force Intelligence officers have been trained, managed, and assigned in accordance with a 'generalist' approach to intelligence disciplines. Specialization is the exception, and intelligence officers are assigned to a variety of missions, disciplines, and commands in an attempt to "broaden" their experience and maximize exposure to various disciplines. Because of this approach, specialization training after completion of the Air Force Intelligence Officer Course has become crucial to intelligence officer success at the unit level. This research examines specialization training provided to intelligence officers assigned to Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) flying squadrons. Information gathered through surveys and interviews of AFSOC squadron leadership, weapons officers, and intelligence officers, coupled with a detailed analysis of AFSOC Intelligence Officer responsibilities and training, was utilized to develop a web-based survey designed to measure intelligence officer performance at unit level AFSOC flying squadrons. The survey results were analyzed to determine areas of strength and weakness, and recommendations for optimizing specialization training were created from the survey results. Recommendations include actions to enhance intelligence at the individual and team level in AFSOC flying squadrons...

Help a brother out : a case study in multinational intelligence sharing, NATO SOF

Ara, Martin J.; Larsse, Brage Andreas.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xv, 55 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis examines how to optimize intelligence sharing in a coalition by a thorough literature review and site visits to intelligence sharing organizations in order to establish best practices for multinational intelligence sharing. The newly established NATO SOF Headquarters (NSHQ) in Mons, Belgium was treated as a test case to validate their intelligence sharing procedures and structures in reference to the authors' identified best practices: mutual gains and benefits; trust; direct control; and accessibility and interoperability. Intelligence support to SOF is a decisive factor, when in conventional operations it often is not; therefore intelligence support to SOF is special - NATO SOF is no exception. The level of intelligence support to SOF normally only exists at the national level, due to bureaucratic obstacles, a need to protect sensitive sources and capabilities, and lack of trust. The NSHQ is experimenting with several innovative methods to enhance trust and streamline intelligence capability amongst NATO SOF forces. There are structural and organizational lessons learned from the establishment of the NSHQ that can be applied to future operations and coalitions.; Outstanding Thesis; US Navy (USN) author

Collective intelligence: creating a prosperous world at peace

Benkler, Yochai; Masum, Hassan
Fonte: Oakton : Earth Intelligence Network, 2008 Publicador: Oakton : Earth Intelligence Network, 2008
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.82%
XXXII, 612 p. ; 24 cm; Libro Electrónico; En este documento se plantea un tema de interes general mas como lo es especificamente el tema de la evolucion de la sociedad en materia de industria y crecimiento de las actividades humanas en el aspecto de desarrollo de la creatividad enfocada a los mercados; edited by Mark Tovey ; foreword by Yochai Benkler (re-mixed by Hassan Masum) ; prefaces by Thomas Malone, Tom Atlee & Pierre Levy ; afterword by Paul Martin & Thomas Homer-Dixon.; The era of collective intelligence has begun in earnest. While others have written about the wisdom of crowds, an army of Davids, and smart mobs, this collection of essays for the first time brings together fifty-five pioneers in the emerging discipline of collective intelligence. They provide a base of tools for connecting people, producing high-functioning teams, collaborating at multiple scales, and encouraging effective peer-production. Emerging models are explored for digital deliberative democracy, self-governance, legislative transparency, true-cost accounting, and the ethical use of open sources and methods. Collective Intelligence is the first of a series of six books, which will also include volumes on Peace Intelligence, Commercial Intelligence...

Open Ended Intelligence: The individuation of Intelligent Agents

Weinbaum, David; Veitas, Viktoras
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Artificial General Intelligence is a field of research aiming to distill the principles of intelligence that operate independently of a specific problem domain or a predefined context and utilize these principles in order to synthesize systems capable of performing any intellectual task a human being is capable of and eventually go beyond that. While "narrow" artificial intelligence which focuses on solving specific problems such as speech recognition, text comprehension, visual pattern recognition, robotic motion, etc. has shown quite a few impressive breakthroughs lately, understanding general intelligence remains elusive. In the paper we offer a novel theoretical approach to understanding general intelligence. We start with a brief introduction of the current conceptual approach. Our critique exposes a number of serious limitations that are traced back to the ontological roots of the concept of intelligence. We then propose a paradigm shift from intelligence perceived as a competence of individual agents defined in relation to an a priori given problem domain or a goal, to intelligence perceived as a formative process of self-organization by which intelligent agents are individuated. We call this process open-ended intelligence. Open-ended intelligence is developed as an abstraction of the process of cognitive development so its application can be extended to general agents and systems. We introduce and discuss three facets of the idea: the philosophical concept of individuation...

Measurements of collective machine intelligence

Halmes, Michel
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
Independent from the still ongoing research in measuring individual intelligence, we anticipate and provide a framework for measuring collective intelligence. Collective intelligence refers to the idea that several individuals can collaborate in order to achieve high levels of intelligence. We present thus some ideas on how the intelligence of a group can be measured and simulate such tests. We will however focus here on groups of artificial intelligence agents (i.e., machines). We will explore how a group of agents is able to choose the appropriate problem and to specialize for a variety of tasks. This is a feature which is an important contributor to the increase of intelligence in a group (apart from the addition of more agents and the improvement due to common decision making). Our results reveal some interesting results about how (collective) intelligence can be modeled, about how collective intelligence tests can be designed and about the underlying dynamics of collective intelligence. As it will be useful for our simulations, we provide also some improvements of the threshold allocation model originally used in the area of swarm intelligence but further generalized here.; Comment: 78 pages

Inteligência emocional e desempenho no trabalho: um estudo com MSCEIT, BPR-5 e 16PF; Emotional intelligence and job performance: a study with MSCEIT, BPR-5 and 16PF

Cobêro, Cláudia; Primi, Ricardo; Muniz, Monalisa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
This research had as objective to investigate the validity of a emotional intelligence measure correlating it with measures of intelligence, personality, and job performance. The participants were 119 subjects, aged 17 to 64 years old, of bothe sex that work in cities industries from the state of São Paulo. The instruments used: the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), protuguese version, the Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF), the Battery of Reasoning (BPR-5) a performance evaluation made by two persons (supervisor and a colegue). The results show low correlations between emotional intelligence and personality. Also that the branch managing emotions is correlated with job performance and presents validy with the intelligence. In sum it was concluded that emotional intelligence constitutes a differentiated type of intelligence useful for psychological assessment in the context of industrial and organizational psychology.; O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a validade de uma medida de inteligência emocional correlacionando-a com medidas de inteligência, personalidade e desempenho profissional. Participaram do estudo 119 sujeitos, com idade entre 17 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos e que trabalham em empresas situadas em municípios do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Versão em Português do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)...

Sensory discrimination as related to general intelligence

Acton, G. Scott; Schroeder, David
Fonte: Intelligence, Ablex Pub. Corp. Publicador: Intelligence, Ablex Pub. Corp.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 93009 bytes; 24842 bytes; 2062 bytes; 676 bytes; 7642 bytes; 49 bytes; 93009 bytes; application/pdf; text/plain; text/plain; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
The hypothesis, originally proposed by Galton and elaborated by Spearman, that there is a functional correspondence between sensory discrimination and general intelligence (g)continues to spark debate. Previous findings suggest that pitch discrimination and tactile discrimination are only weakly correlated with g. This study sought to replicate the pitch discrimination findings and to expand them to the modality of color discrimination in a large sample (N = 899) by correlating two sensory discrimination measures with the general factor from a battery of 13 cognitive-ability tests. The modest correlations found between g and measures of pitch discrimination (r = .21) and color discrimination (r = .31) suggest that sensory discrimination is relatively distinct from general intelligence. Although consistent with the neural processing speed explanation of g, these results cast doubt on a strong form of the sensory discrimination explanation of g.

Perceived emotional intelligence, general intelligence and early professional success: predictive and incremental validity

de Haro,José-Manuel; Castejón,Juan-Luis
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Although the study of factors affecting career success has shown connections between biographical and other aspects related to ability, knowledge and personality, few studies have examined the relationship between emotional intelligence and professional success at the initial career stage. When these studies were carried out, the results showed significant relationships between the dimensions of emotional intelligence (emotional self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness or social skills) and the level of professional competence. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence, measured by the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS-24) questionnaire, general intelligence assessed by the Cattell factor "g" test, scale 3, and extrinsic indicators of career success, in a sample of 130 graduates at the beginning of their careers. Results from hierarchical regression analysis indicate that emotional intelligence makes a specific contribution to the prediction of salary, after controlling the general intelligence effect. The perceived emotional intelligence dimensions of TMMS repair, TMMS attention and sex show a higher correlation and make a greater contribution to professional success than general intelligence. The implications of these results for the development of socio-emotional skills among University graduates are discussed.