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Health profile of Brazilian mothers in Massachusetts in the twenty-first century

Siqueira,Carlos Eduardo Gomes; Roberts,Teresa; Lucchese,Fernanda
Fonte: Centro Scalabriniano de Estudos Migratórios Publicador: Centro Scalabriniano de Estudos Migratórios
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
This paper describes the health profile of Brazilian mothers in Massachusetts according to data collected through Massachusetts Standard Certificate of Live Births (1989 revision) filed with the Massachusetts Registry of Vital Records and Statistics during 1999 and 2009. To our knowledge this is the first time that such information is reviewed with a focus on Brazilian immigrants. The findings of this article suggests that Brazilian mothers who gave birth in Massachusetts between 1999 and 2009 fared better than all mothers in Massachusetts in most obstetric health indicators considered.

Predictors of Infant Feeding Frequency by Mexican Immigrant Mothers

Worobey, John; Lopez, Maria Islas; Hoffman, Daniel J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
With an increase in the prevalence of overweight being seen as early as infancy, it is essential that the factors which account for early excess weight gain be identified. In this study, maternal and infant characteristics were examined to determine their relation to the frequency of infants being fed. A cohort of 67 low-educated Mexican mothers who formula-fed their infants were recruited at a WIC Center and home-visited when their infants were 6-months-old. Mothers were surveyed with regard to their feeding attitudes and perception of their infant’s temperament, and kept a 24-hour diary of their infant’s behavior. Nearly 30% of the 6-month-old infants were at or above the 85th percentile of weight-for length. A regression analysis revealed only one factor, the number of infant crying episodes, as predictive of infant feeding (Beta = .246, p<.07), with the correlation even stronger (r =.35 (p<.01). As crying appeared to elicit feeding among these mothers, pediatricians, nurses, and WIC educators should consider discussing alternate strategies for quieting infants with the mothers they counsel.

Parenting in an Individualistic Culture with a Collectivistic Cultural Background: The Case of Turkish Immigrant Families with Toddlers in the Netherlands

Yaman, Ayşe; Mesman, Judi; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Linting, Mariëlle
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Expanding our knowledge on parenting practices of immigrant families is crucial for designing culturally sensitive parenting intervention programs in countries with high immigration rates. We investigated differences in patterns of parenting between second-generation immigrant and native families with young children. Authoritarian and authoritative control and sensitivity of second-generation Turkish immigrant mothers of 2-year-old children (n = 70) and native Dutch mothers (n = 70) were observed in the home and in the laboratory. Controlling for maternal age and education, Turkish immigrant mothers were less supportive, gave less clear instructions to their children, were more intrusive and were less authoritative in their control strategies than native Dutch mothers. No differences were found in authoritarian control. In both ethnic groups supportive presence, clarity of instruction, authoritative control, and low intrusiveness loaded on one factor. No differences between ethnic groups were found in gender-differentiated parenting. Maternal emotional connectedness to the Turkish culture was associated with less authoritative control, whereas more use of the Turkish language was related to more sensitivity. Even though mean level differences in parenting behaviors still exist between second-generation Turkish immigrant and native Dutch mothers...

Perceptions and Practices of Stimulating Children’s Cognitive Development Among Moroccan Immigrant Mothers

el Moussaoui, Nabila; Braster, Sjaak
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
We explored the perceptions of children’s cognitive development among Moroccan Arabic and Berber immigrant mothers who cannot read, who are less educated, middle educated or highly educated in the Netherlands. A series of in-depth interviews was conducted with 22 mothers with young children (mean age = 5 years and 6 months). Qualitative data analyses revealed five major themes that are of significant importance to these mothers: moral attitudes, social values and religiousness; conversation, reading and playing as stimulating activities; importance attached to education; parental expectations; attributions of school success. The parental perceptions about the cognitive development of young children differed according to their own educational level. Mothers who cannot read and mothers with less education emphasized the development of moral, social and religious values for strengthening the cultural identity of their children. This sense of identity would enable them to function within their own cultural group and help them to perform well at school. School success was attributed in large part to a combination of the efforts of the child and the school. Middle and highly educated mothers, on the other hand, valued scholastic development and attributed school success to their own efforts and to the kind of support the child received. The ethnic background of the parents...

Authoritative Parenting Among Immigrant Chinese Mothers of Preschoolers

Cheah, Charissa S. L.; Leung, Christy Y. Y.; Tahseen, Madiha; Schultz, David
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
The goals of this study were: (a) to examine authoritative parenting style among Chinese immigrant mothers of young children, (b) to test the mediational mechanism between authoritative parenting style and children’s outcomes; and (c) to evaluate 3 predictors of authoritative parenting style (psychological well-being, perceived support in the parenting role, parenting stress). Participants included 85 Chinese immigrant mothers and their preschool children. Mothers reported on their parenting style, psychological well-being, perceived parenting support and stress, and children’s hyperactivity/attention. Teacher ratings of child adjustment were also obtained. Results revealed that Chinese immigrant mothers of preschoolers strongly endorsed the authoritative parenting style. Moreover, authoritative parenting predicted increased children’s behavioral/attention regulation abilities (lower hyperactivity/inattention), which then predicted decreased teacher rated child difficulties. Finally, mothers with greater psychological well-being or parenting support engaged in more authoritative parenting, but only under conditions of low parenting stress. Neither well-being nor parenting support predicted authoritative parenting when parenting hassles were high. Findings were discussed in light of cultural- and immigration-related issues facing immigrant Chinese mothers of young children.

Influence of Culture and Community Perceptions on Birth and Perinatal Care of Immigrant Women: Doulas’ Perspective

Kang, Hye-Kyung
Fonte: Springer Publishing Company Publicador: Springer Publishing Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
A qualitative study examined the perceptions of doulas practicing in Washington State regarding the influence of cultural and community beliefs on immigrant women’s birth and perinatal care, as well as their own cultural beliefs and values that may affect their ability to work interculturally. The findings suggest that doulas can greatly aid immigrant mothers in gaining access to effective care by acting as advocates, cultural brokers, and emotional and social support. Also, doulas share a consistent set of professional values, including empowerment, informed choice, cultural relativism, and scientific/evidence-based practice, but do not always recognize these values as culturally based. More emphasis on cultural self-awareness in doula training, expanding community doula programs, and more integration of doula services in health-care settings are recommended.

Adaptation and Feasibility of a Communication Intervention for Mexican Immigrant Mothers and Children in a School Setting

McNaughton, Diane B.; Cowell, Julia Muennich; Fogg, Louis
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
Children of Mexican immigrants are exposed to multiple ecological risks that heighten their likelihood of experiencing depressive symptoms. In previous studies, affirming parent–child communication has been found to be protective against depressive symptoms in Hispanic youth. Interventions focused on enhancing communication between parents and youth have the possibility of strengthening protective factors for children. The aims of this study were to (1) adapt an evidence-based parent–child communication intervention (Mission Possible) for cultural relevance for low-income, low-literacy Mexican immigrant mothers and their children and (2) assess feasibility of delivering the adapted intervention in a school setting. Adaptation took place in a series of focus groups of mother–child dyads. The revised intervention was delivered to 27 mother–child dyads in two elementary schools. Feasibility was supported by high participant satisfaction, 80% attendance rate, and 75% retention rate. This preliminary work suggests strategies for school nurses to partner with immigrant families and outlines a potential intervention that expands the school nursing role.

Shades of Decay: The Meanings of Tooth Discoloration and Deterioration to Mexican Immigrant Caregivers of Young Children

Masterson, Erin E.; Barker, Judith C.; Hoeft, Kristin S.; Hyde, Susan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
The objective of this article is to investigate parental understanding of tooth discoloration and decay and their related care seeking for young, Mexican-American children. The research design entailed semi-structured, face-to-face interviews conducted in Spanish with a convenience sample of 37 Mexican immigrant mothers of young children in a low-income urban neighborhood. Five major color terms – white, off-white, yellow, brown, and black – were used to describe tooth discoloration, the causes of which were mainly unrecognized or attributed to poor oral hygiene and exposure to sweet substances. Mothers also described three major levels of deterioration of the structural integrity of teeth due to caries, from stains to decayed portions to entirely rotten. A trend was observed between use of darker discoloration terms and extensive carious lesions. Teeth described as both dark in color and structurally damaged resulted in seeking of professional care. The paper concludes with the finding that Spanish terms used to describe tooth discoloration and carious lesions are broad and complex. Mexican immigrant mothers’ interpretations of tooth discoloration and decay may differ from dental professionals’ and result in late care seeking. Increased understanding between dental practitioners and caregivers is needed to create educational messages about the early signs of tooth decay.

Educational Progress and Parenting Among Mexican Immigrant Mothers of Young Children

Crosnoe, Robert; Kalil, Ariel
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.58%
This study examined the potential for educational investments in Mexican immigrant mothers to enhance their management of their children’s pathways through an educational system in the U.S. that often disadvantages them. We tested this hypothesis with data on 816 Mexican immigrant women and their children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K). The results suggest that mothers who pursued their own schooling over a four year period, regardless of degree attainment, increased their engagement with their children’s schools during that same period. These results appeared to be robust to a wide range of factors selecting women into continuing education.

La maternità in giovane età: uno studio esplorativo su donne italiane e straniere

Riccio, Gina
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
IT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Background: There is evidence that teenage parents are on different trajectories than other adolescents, before and after the birth of their children. These young parents face unique challenges, such as juggling adolescent developmental tasks with new parenting responsibilities. Many teenage parents face racism, poverty, and barriers to health care, day care, and continuing education. Not surprisingly, there are negative effects on offspring that can be traced to factors present before the birth as well as the parenting and home environment provided by the young parents. Italy has experienced a recent surge in immigration, which has led to an increase in the country’s birth rate. Many immigrant mothers are adolescent parents. Methods: 33 adolescent mothers (17 recent immigrants and 16 adolescents of Italian descent) completed measures of adolescent self-development and motherhood, perceived availability and satisfaction with social support, emotional and behavioral characteristic of their children and mother-child interactions, combining qualitative and quantitative methods. Results: The data confirmed that these adolescent mothers showed difficulty with their infants and higher levels of stress. Mothers showed significantly higher than normal affective communication errors...

What do these words mean?: A qualitative approach to explore oral health literacy in Vietnamese immigrant mothers in Australia

Arora, A.; Nguyen, D.; Do, Q.V.; Nguyen, B.; Hilton, G.; Do, L.G.; Bhole, S.
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Objective: This study, nested within a large cohort study, sought to explore how well Vietnamese mothers with pre-school children understood the dental health education material commonly available in New South Wales, Australia. Design: Qualitative research. Setting: Home-based interviews. Method: Vietnamese-speaking mothers (n = 24) with young children were provided with two dental leaflets which gave advice on health behaviours in English and Vietnamese for comparison. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a thematic coding. Results: Mothers generally reported that the English leaflets were difficult to read due to their lower levels of English literacy skills. Although the mothers preferred leaflets in their native language, they noted that it did not completely reflect the Vietnamese culture. Mothers recommended pictorial presentations for immigrants to improve understanding. Conclusions: The consistency of our findings suggest that health education leaflets should be provided to parents in their first language with use of illustrations to improve understanding, and that producers of health education leaflets should consider cultural differences in translation.; Amit Arora, Deon Nguyen, Quang Vinh Do...

How Immigrant Mothers Contribute to Their Children’s Learning Inside and Outside of School

Sejmenovic El Werfalli, Mejra
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.84%
Abstract The main focus of this qualitative research was to explore how parents from different national backgrounds see their role in their children’s education inside and outside of school. Although greater recruitment was described and sought after, this qualitative research gathered data from two immigrant female parents from a community parents’ group located in Ontario, Canada. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews with each participant using open-ended questions asking about the different ways these mothers, along with their spouses, were involved in their children’s education. Moreover, questions were designed to find out what alternatives parents use to support their children’s learning. The main question driving this research was “How are immigrant families currently involved with their children’s education inside and outside of school?” NVivo, 10 was used to code the transcripts giving rise to themes which could then be utilized to explain and explore the research question. The findings of this research are congruent with past research and demonstrate that immigrant mothers are more involved than the fathers are in their children’s education (Grolnick & Slowiaczek 1994; Peters, Seeds, Goldstein...

“It is an Issue of not Knowing Where to Go”: Service Providers’ Perspectives on Challenges in Accessing Social Support and Services by Immigrant Mothers of Children with Disabilities

Khanlou, Nazilla; Haque, Nasim; Sheehan, Sinead; Jones, Gail
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.58%
In Canada little is known about the challenges immigrant mothers of children with disabilities encounter in accessing formal and informal social support. This paper presents the perspectives of service providers on the mothers’ challenges. Data was collected from 27 service providers in Toronto, Canada in 2012 through in-depth interviews. The interview guide was informed by published literature on families of children with special needs. Level one analyses entailed descriptive analyses; and level two consisted of applying House’s 4 domains of social support to organize the themes. Following House’s domains, challenges to (1) Structural support, (2) Instrumental support, (3) Emotional support, and (4) Perception of support were identified. Among providers who work with families of children with disabilities there is recognition of the mothers’ particular challenges in light of their immigration status. Language and communication are significant barriers for immigrant mothers in accessing social support.

Understanding “Tiger Parenting” Through the Perceptions of Chinese Immigrant Mothers: Can Chinese and U.S. Parenting Coexist?

Cheah, Charissa S. L.; Leung, Christy Y. Y.; Zhou, Nan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.86%
How Chinese immigrant mothers perceive “Chinese” and “U.S.” parenting and changes in their parenting postmigration remains unclear, despite recent interest in Chinese parenting particularly in response to A. Chua's (2011) controversial book on “Tiger Mothers”. The present study addressed this issue by examining the parenting beliefs and practices of Chinese immigrant mothers through qualitative interviews. Participants included 50 first-generation Chinese immigrant mothers (mean age = 38.39 years; SD = 5.19) with a 3- to 6-year-old child. Mothers had been in the U.S. for an average of 10.20 years and were interviewed regarding their perceptions of the contrasts between typical Chinese and U.S. parenting, the strengths of Chinese and U.S. parenting, and what changes (if any) occurred in their own parenting after they migrated to the U.S. Mothers identified key differences between the parenting in the 2 cultures across 4 themes. Importantly, mothers endorsed different aspects of parenting from both cultures and attempted to achieve a balance between supporting their child's development of autonomy and individuality versus maintaining a sense of relatedness and familism in their parenting, contrary to Chua's (2011) portrayal of rigid “Chinese parenting.” With regard to their parenting acculturation...

HPV Vaccine Distribution: An Ethical Tug-of-War. Perceptions Among Latina Mothers Living in Durham, NC

Remtulla, Zahra
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Formato: 1580097 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This research project examined the views of Latina mothers living in Durham, North Carolina on four major ethical dilemmas surrounding HPV vaccine distribution: mandating the vaccine for school entry, vaccinating males as well as females, allowing adolescent access to the vaccine without parental permission and requiring the vaccine for new female immigrants to the United States. Forty-five self-identified Latina mothers living in Durham, NC participated in six focus groups conducted in Spanish between September – October 2009. Latina mothers showed high acceptance of the vaccine in general, but voiced low desire to vaccinate their own daughters. Participants also favored conservative approaches to its distribution. Mothers opposed a school mandate, believing parental and individual autonomy should be respected, but were in favor of vaccinating males to protect them from HPV and related diseases. Participants also believed parental consent should be required for adolescent vaccination, because parents have a right and responsibility to be involved in the decision. Lastly, Latina mothers disagreed with the immigrant requirement, calling it a form of discrimination and racism. Cultural factors did influence some of participants’ views; however...

Parent training for immigrant Latina mothers: a randomized controlled trial of the Madres a Madres program

Williamson, Ariel Ida Appelbaum
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Guerra, Nancy; The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Madres a Madres (Mothers to Mothers), a newly developed parent training program designed for low-income immigrant Latina mothers and their children. Promotoras, or female lay community health workers of Latina background, delivered the Madres a Madres program in a home visitation format. A total of 194 mothers and 194 focal children (87 male, 107 female) ages 7 to 12 were randomized to the intervention (113 mother-child dyads) or wait-list control condition (81 mother-child dyads) over the three-year study period. Primary outcomes of interest were mother-reported parenting skills and deviant beliefs. Secondary outcomes were mother-reported child internalizing and externalizing behavior, as well as child-reported child deviant beliefs, aggressive behavior, and social competencies. Mother and child data collection occurred at pretest, 3-month posttest, and 9-month follow-up periods. Multilevel linear and non-linear growth models revealed increases in intervention mothers' parenting skills, marginal reductions in intervention mothers' deviant beliefs, and reductions in intervention children's internalizing behavior over the three time points, relative to the control condition. Findings are discussed in the context of future directions for research on the Madres a Madres program and on the implementation and dissemination of evidence-based parent training programs to low-income...

Adaptation and conformity-immigrant parent’s feelings about parenting in Norway: how do immigrant mothers experience parenting in relation to their perception of a Norwegian standard of parenting?

Jones, Marshalee
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.72%
European Master in Social Work with Families and Children; The main aim of this study was to discover how immigrant mothers experience parenting in relation to their perception of a Norwegian standard of ‘doing parenting’. Taking the point of departure from an ethnic plural sample group, the study evoked an understanding of a culturally embedded parent and similar challenges faced in adapting to the Westernized ideal of parenting according to modern Norwegian values. Three research questions formed the skeletal frame around which the study would be structured. These questions sought to excavate the parents’ understanding of a Nordic socialized childhood, a reflection on their acculturation process and a consideration as to how the Norwegian society promoted or discouraged parenting practices influenced by their respective cultural contexts. The research was undertaken qualitatively with semi-structured interviews facilitating the data collection process. The sample group consisted of eight mothers, two each from Somalia, Tunisia, Poland and Nigeria who are currently residing in the Rogaland Kommune, Stavanger. A thematic narrative methodological hybrid was exploited as means of designing the data analytic tool. Employing foundational principles of the ‘negotiation culture’...

Revisiting the 'LowBirth Weight paradox' using a model-based definition

Juárez,Sol; Ploubidis,George B.; Clarke,Lynda
Fonte: Gaceta Sanitaria Publicador: Gaceta Sanitaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Introduction: Immigrant mothers in Spain have a lower risk of delivering Low BirthWeight (LBW) babies in comparison to Spaniards (LBW paradox). This study aimed at revisiting this finding by applying a model-based threshold as an alternative to the conventional definition of LBW. Methods: Vital information data from Madrid was used (2005-2006). LBW was defined in two ways (less than 2500 g and Wilcox's proposal). Logistic and linear regression models were run. Results: According to common definition of LBW (less than 2500 g) there is evidence to support the LBW paradox in Spain. Nevertheless, when an alternative model-based definition of LBW is used, the paradox is only clearly present in mothers from the rest of Southern America, suggesting a possible methodological bias effect. Conclusion: In the future, any examination of the existence of the LBW paradox should incorporate model-based definitions of LBW in order to avoid methodological bias.

Revisiting the 'Low BirthWeight paradox' using a model-based definition

Juárez,Sol; Ploubidis,George B.; Clarke,Lynda
Fonte: Ediciones Doyma, S.L. Publicador: Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Introduction: Immigrant mothers in Spain have a lower risk of delivering Low BirthWeight (LBW) babies in comparison to Spaniards (LBW paradox). This study aimed at revisiting this finding by applying a model-based threshold as an alternative to the conventional definition of LBW. Methods: Vital information data from Madrid was used (2005-2006). LBW was defined in two ways (less than 2500 g and Wilcox's proposal). Logistic and linear regression models were run. Results: According to common definition of LBW (less than 2500 g) there is evidence to support the LBW paradox in Spain. Nevertheless, when an alternative model-based definition of LBW is used, the paradox is only clearly present in mothers from the rest of Southern America, suggesting a possible methodological bias effect. Conclusion: In the future, any examination of the existence of the LBW paradox should incorporate model-based definitions of LBW in order to avoid methodological bias.

Functioning outcomes for abused immigrant women and their children 4 months after initiating intervention

Cesario,Sandra K.; Nava,Angeles; Bianchi,Ann; McFarlane,Judith; Maddoux,John
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of shelter intervention and protection orders on the mental health functioning, resiliency, and further abuse of documented and undocumented immigrant women and their children in Houston, Texas, United States. METHODS: A prospective cohort study initiated in 2011 examined a subsample of 106 immigrant mothers, primarily from Mexico and Central America, and evaluated their functioning with a battery of 13 well-established instruments as they accessed either shelter or justice services; followed-up was conducted 4 months later to measure improvement. Data were analyzed with a series of repeated measures 2 x 2 x 2 factorial analysis of variance tests. RESULTS: Large effect size improvements were observed in abused immigrant women’s mental health, resiliency, and safety, regardless of whether the intervention accessed was safe shelter or justice services, and regardless of duration of shelter stay and whether or not a protection order was issued. Similarly, large effect size improvements were observed in child functioning, independent of which type of intervention, the duration of shelter stay, or the issuance of a protection order. CONCLUSIONS: Accessing protective services has the potential to improve the health of immigrant women and their children...