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Autogestão e identidade: a experiência dos trabalhadores da Metalcoop; Worker-management and Identity: the experience of Metalcoop workers

Esteves, Egeu Gomez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
A consolidação das iniciativas de Economia Solidária fez emergir diversas questões para investigação da Psicologia Social. O foco deste estudo é a construção da identidade de cooperador nas cooperativas industriais autogeridas, provenientes da recuperação de empresas falimentares por seus trabalhadores. Nestas cooperativas, os antigos empregados se tornaram cooperadores, surgindo assim um novo agente social e econômico: o sócio-trabalhador. Como tais cooperadores são geralmente ex-empregados da antiga empresa, o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever e interpretar como ocorre a mudança da identidade de ex-empregado para a de cooperador. Trata-se de questão relevante, uma vez que diversos pesquisadores observaram dificuldades na apropriação simbólica desta identidade por parte dos trabalhadores, fato que atribuíram à .herança cultural do taylorismo-fordismo.. Entretanto, como hipótese, esta pesquisa atribuiu tais dificuldades à manutenção deste modelo de produção na realidade laboral dos trabalhadores. O referencial teórico adotado foi a Teoria Social da Pessoa, do psicólogo social George Mead. De acordo com esta teoria, compreendese a pessoa (Self) como fenômeno dialógico-histórico-vital, formado nas interações simbolicamente mediadas com dois tipos de .outros.. Daí pode-se compreender uma dupla modalidade da existência social da pessoa: a primeira relativa à pessoalidade (personal Self)...

Construção de identidade organizacional e as influências recíprocas com a identidade pessoal: um estudo em parques tecnológicos; Organizational identity construction and reciprocal influences with personal identity: a study in technological parks

Schirrmeister, Renata
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
A identidade pode ser definida como o conjunto de características que fazem as pessoas, grupos e organizações similares e diferentes uns dos outros, considerando a continuidade e a diferenciação. É um conceito que pode ser abordado em diversos níveis: pessoa, grupo, organização, nação e mundo e é importante porque constroi interesses, valores e projetos. A pergunta central de pesquisa é Como se estabelece a identidade organizacional em parques tecnológicos, em suas reciprocidades com a identidade pessoal? O objetivo geral deste estudo consiste em investigar como se estabelece a construção da identidade organizacional em parques de ciência e tecnologia a partir do entendimento do construto de identidade pessoal, gerando subsídios para modelos de gestão. Operacionalmente, a identidade organizacional foi estudada considerando elementos estruturantes encontrados na literatura de identidade pessoal, que são o histórico (o quê, como, por quem, para quê), visão de futuro, confiabilidade, autonomia, integração, recapacitação e relacionamentos, bem como aspectos centrais e distintivos. A identidade organizacional é o guia final para a tomada de decisões, quando um conflito parece insolúvel. É, portanto, um conceito importante em contexto de competitividade...

Identity dynamics in non-profit organizations: Ideological and methodological identity orientations

Mena, Maria Inês Pereira Coutinho Falcão
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; Organizational identity, a social and relational process that is continuously happening, plays a key role in organizations’ performance and communication. Achieving a clear and shared organizational identity enables employees’ alignment and the projection of consistent images to external stakeholders. Non-profit organizations are an interesting group to study organizational identity dynamics. These organizations pay little or no money to their workers achieving often high levels of performance. Organizational identity processes can be a possible explanation for this. The present study analyzes four non-profit organizations that operate in the social field. Findings suggest that, besides several common traits, there are two kinds of identity orientations among non-profit organizations: ideological identity orientation and methodological identity orientation. These two orientations constrain the organizational identity and are reflected in the relationships established between organizational members and the stakeholders. In both cases, organizations might develop identity dysfunctions...

Identity and Security: Identity Distance Theory and Regional Affairs in Northeast and Southeast Asia

Ryu, Yongwook
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
The dissertation explores the relationship between identity and international security, and tests the effect of the former on the latter by analyzing a set of puzzling phenomena in East Asia—the emergence of mutual threat perception in Sino-Japanese relations; increasingly conflictual relations between Korea and Japan after Korea’s democratization; the establishment of a regional human rights mechanism by ASEAN; and the settlement of key territorial disputes by Southeast Asian nations. Coupled with the diverging frequency of militarized interstate disputes between both regions, these phenomena suggest that Northeast Asia (NEA) has become a region of conflict with high tensions, while Southeast Asia (SEA) has increasingly developed into a region of peace with decreasing tension. The dissertation advances a new theoretical framework, namely, identity distance theory, to understand these puzzling phenomena. Identity distance refers to perceived socio-psychological differences between groups, and its widening (narrowing) is hypothesized to increase (decrease) the likelihood of intergroup conflict. Using a variety of methods—content analysis of newspapers; political elite survey; and a controlled case study on territorial disputes—the dissertation shows that it is the contrasting evolution of identity distance in the two regions that is the key to explaining the cross-regional differences. The root cause of the widening identity distance in NEA is the rise of the so-called history problem (lishi wenti) in the 1980s...

Ethnic and American Identity Development: A Developmental Systems Approach

Meca, Alan
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Given the role ethnic identity has as a protective factor against the effects of marginalization and discrimination (Umaña-Taylor, 2011), research longitudinally examining ethnic identity has become of increased importance. However, successful identity development must incorporate elements from both one’s ethnic group and from the United States (Berry, 1980). Despite this, relatively few studies have jointly evaluated ethnic and American identity (Schwartz et al., 2012). The current dissertation, guided by three objectives, sought to address this and several other gaps in the literature. First, psychometric properties of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) and the American Identity Measure (AIM) were evaluated. Secondly, the dissertation examined growth trends in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents’ and their caregivers’ ethnic and American identity. Lastly, the relationship between adolescents’ and caregivers’ ethnic and American identity was evaluated. The study used an archival sample consisting of 301 recently immigrated Hispanic families collected from Miami (N = 151) and Los Angeles (N = 150). Consistent with previous research, results in Study 1 indicated a two-factor model reliably provided better fit than a one-factor model and established longitudinal invariance for the MEIM and the AIM. Results from Study 2 found significant growth in adolescents’ American identity. While some differences were found across site and nationality...

Identity, Purpose, and Well-Being Among Emerging Adult Hispanic Women

Madrazo, Vanessa L
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Few studies apply the Eriksonian model of identity formation to cross-cultural samples (3), even though issues of ethnicity and culture may inform a Hispanic woman’s self-concept (Phinney, 1996). Hispanic women may also be influenced by traditional gender role behaviors such as passivity or dependence that are outlined by marianismo (Stevens, 1973). A recent study of a multiethnic sample of emerging adult women and men found that purpose commitment mediated the effects of identity commitment on hope and life satisfaction (Burrow & Hill, 2011). The current research consists of two studies that replicate and expand upon the work of Burrow and Hill (2011). Study I replicated the work of Burrow and Hill (2011) among a sample of emerging adult Hispanic women, in order to assess the extent to which the original findings would replicate in a culturally distinct sample. Study II examined the role of marianismo, ethnic identity, and acculturation on identity commitment among emerging adult Hispanic women. Both studies utilized a sample of 532 female undergraduate psychology students, age 18 to 25, who self-identified as Hispanic and submitted data via online surveys. Both studies used self-report, quantitative data, which was analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results from Study I indicated good model fit and replicated the findings from Burrow and Hill (2011). Specifically...

Digital identity and mistake

Sullivan, Clare Linda
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
This article examines the impact of digital identity on commercial transactions, with a focus on mistake in contract when an individual’s digital identity is misused by another person. The article asserts that digital identity is emerging as a distinct new legal concept in the USA and Australia, as both countries move to fully digitalize government transactions. In both countries, these new schemes are being introduced without fanfare, through subtle, gradual change. These schemes are significant because they establish one identity, initially for use in transactions with government, but with the long-term consequence of also extending to transactions with the private sector. The implications of this change, and the nature and functions of the set of information that constitutes an individual’s identity for transactions, are examined. The analysis reveals that digital identity, in this context, consists of two sets of information. The primary set of information constitutes an individual’s transactional identity. As its name suggests, this is the identity required for transactions. Transaction identity is a defined set of information that typically consists of full name, date of birth, gender and identifying information such as a signature and/or a unique number. The article analyses the legal nature and functions of transaction identity in the context of commercial transactions. The article considers the central question of who...

Ohio Valley Native Americans Speak: Indigenous Discourse on the Continuity of Identity

Tamburro, Paul
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Anthropology, 2006; Since the 1960's there has been an increase in the assertion of a Native American identity across North America. This identification has been expressed in the Ohio Valley region (Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky) through performance at powwows, re-enactments and restored ceremonies. For the most part in the United States, acceptance of American Indian identification is founded on government recognition, racial appearance, or language. As no Native American languages are still spoken in the region, the "racial" appearance of Ohio Valley Native people is "mixed" or ambiguous, and government recognition is absent for most groups, the question arises of how an Ohio Valley Native identity has developed and been maintained over time. In pursuit of answers to this question, data were gathered at powwows, historic re-enactments, living history enactments, and other events where Ohio Valley Native people participate. Newsletters of Indian organizations and books influencing the expression of a Native Ohio identity also served as sources of primary data. Ethnohistorical research further illuminated the factors that shaped elements of Native American identity in the Ohio Valley. The analysis of interviews and the other data demonstrate that the claim to Native American identity in the Ohio Valley is not...

Digital identity: an emergent legal concept; an analysis of the role and legal nature of digital identity in a transactional context.

Sullivan, Clare Linda
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
This thesis examines the emergent legal concept of digital identity under the United Kingdom National Identity Scheme ('NIS') and its Australian counterpart, the Access Card Scheme('ACS') proposed in 2007. The Identity Cards Act 2006 UK c 15 ('Identity Cards Act’) and the Human Services (Enhanced Service Delivery) Bill (Cth) 2007 ('Access Card Bill') reveal a remarkably similar concept of identity in terms of its constitution and especially its functions. The United Kingdom scheme is currently being established, whereas the proposed Australian Scheme has been shelved following a change of government late in 2007. The NIS is therefore used as the model for this study but the analysis applies to any such scheme based on digital technology, including the ACS, should it be resurrected. The emergent concept of digital identity which is the subject of this thesis arises from legislation. It is a legal construct which consists of a collection of information that is stored and transmitted in digital form, and which has specific functions under the identity scheme. In this study, the information recorded about an individual for an identity scheme is referred to as an individual's 'database identity.' Database identity consists of information prescribed by legislation. Collectively...

Defined on the edge of power: the Alevi identity through centuries of transition in Turkey

Yener-Roderburg, Inci Oyku
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (Masters sub-thesis) Formato: 86 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This thesis will argue that one of the main challenges Alevis experience in Turkey is the lack of adequate historical credit afforded to them within Modern Turkish society. Though Alevis have a much older history than the Republic of Turkey, having occupied the region for centuries before the inception the modern Turkish nation-state, they still have a very specific relationship with the development of the secular Kemalist-Turkish identity. In fact, Alevis began to develop a novel and unique political identity, which embraced secularism in spite of deeply rooted religious convictions, during Turkey's National transition from the late Ottoman Empire (early 1900s) to the early multi-party era (late 1950s). Existing scholarship on Alevi identity often exclusively focuses on how they were perceived as a religious group during the Ottoman Era or on their increasingly marginalized political identity after the 1970s. However, this thesis will argue that these approaches fail to appreciate the "transition period" of Alevi identity, and how the transformation from being considered a strictly religious/ethnic identity within the Ottoman Empire to becoming viewed as vocal and political advocates of secularism from the early Republic is crucial to understanding contemporary Alevi identity. It will argue that past research has not paid enough attention to this transition...

Leadership as social identity management: introducing the Identity Leadership Inventory (ILI) to assess and validate a four-dimensional model

Steffens, Niklas K.; Haslam, S. Alexander; Reicher, Stephen D.; Platow, Michael J.; Fransen, Katrien; Yang, Jie; Ryan, Michelle K.; Jetten, Jolanda; Peters, Kim; Boen, Filip
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 24 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Although nearly two decades of research have provided support for the social identity approach to leadership, most previous work has focused on leaders' identity prototypicality while neglecting the assessment of other equally important dimensions of social identity management. However, recent theoretical developments have argued that in order to mobilize and direct followers' energies, leaders need not only to ‘be one of us’ (identity prototypicality), but also to ‘do it for us’ (identity advancement), to ‘craft a sense of us’ (identity entrepreneurship), and to ‘embed a sense of us’ (identity impresarioship). In the present research we develop and validate an Identity Leadership Inventory (ILI) that assesses these dimensions in different contexts and with diverse samples from the US, China, and Belgium. Study 1 demonstrates that the scale has content validity such that the items meaningfully differentiate between the four dimensions. Studies 2, 3, and 4 provide evidence for the scale's construct validity (distinguishing between dimensions), discriminant validity (distinguishing identity leadership from authentic leadership, leaders' charisma, and perceived leader quality), and criterion validity (relating the ILI to key leadership outcomes). We conclude that by assessing multiple facets of leaders' social identity management the ILI has significant utility for both theory and practice.; This work has been supported by a grant (FL110100199) from the Australian Research Council awarded to the second author...

A green and gold republic: the Australian republican movement and Australian national identity

Hann, Elise
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
The Australian Republican Movement (ARM) has in recent years experienced the lowest public interest in the issue of the republic since the organisation's inception in 1991. The ARM's National Committee has identified closer identification of the movement with Australian national identity, symbols and themes as one of its 2007 objectives. The path from the formation of the ARM in 1991 to referendum in 1999 demonstrated how national identity is an issue at the heart of the republican debate. The varying constructions of national identity as the years progressed, as the focus on Asia and regional issues under Keating changed to Howard's emphasis on protecting traditional Australian identity, have had impacted progress toward a republic. In order to encourage wider public support, the ARM should align itself with the current dominant ideas of national identity. Instead relying on the unpopular conceptions of national identity that supported the growth of the movement in the early 1990s, the movement must align itself with a more traditional national identity. The defeat in the 1999 republic referendum demonstrated the need for the ARM to assess how the movement can connect itself with the most dominant and popular version of national identity. The republic was perceived as an issue irrelevant to many Australians arid the 'No' Committee campaign emphasised this...

Digital Identity Toolkit : A Guide for Stakeholders in Africa; Guide de l'identité électronique : à l'intention des parties prenantes d'Afrique

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Digital identity, or electronic identity (eID), offers developing nations a unique opportunity to accelerate the pace of their national progress. It changes the way services are delivered, helps grow a country's digital economy, and supports effective safety nets for disadvantaged and impoverished populations. Though digital identity is an opportunity, it raises important considerations with respect to privacy, cost, capacity, and long-term viability. This report provides a strategic view of the role of identification in a country's national development, as well as a tactical view of the building blocks and policy choices needed for setting up eID in a developing country. The report presents a conceptual overview of digital identity management practices, providing a set of guidelines at a national level that policymakers can find helpful as they begin to think about modernizing the identity infrastructure of their country into eID. The report also provides an operating knowledge of the terminology and concepts used in identity management and an exposition of the functional blocks that must be in place. Policy considerations are referenced at the end of the report that governments can use as they contemplate a digital identity program. Given its abridged nature...

Between play and design : the emergence of hybrid-identity in single-player videogames

Boudreau, Kelly
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Résumé Cette thèse examine la nature complexe de l'identité dans les jeux vidéo solo. Elle introduit la notion d'identité-hybride, et propose un cadre analytique pour déconstruire la jouabilité à travers les genres afin de distinguer des moments d’émergence d’identité. Alors que la recherche sur l’identité se concentre couramment sur le joueur ou le personnage-joueur (ou les deux), la notion d'identité-hybride est une forme d’identité fluide, parfois éphémère, qui existe entre le joueur et le personnage-joueur. L’identité-hybride se développe au cours du processus de jeu et inclut nécessairement le joueur (expérience, contexte de jeu, etc. ), l’environnement du jeu (le design, les mécaniques, etc.), et la médiation technologique (ordinateur, console, etc.) qui facilite la jouabilité. Afin de cerner les différents aspects du gameplay qui contribuent a l'émergence de différents types d'identité, un cadre multiforme a été conçu pour isoler les interactions spécifiques? qui comprennent les interactions joueur/personnage-joueur, personnage-joueur/personnage non-joueur, joueur/environnement du jeu, personnage-joueur /environnement de jeux, et joueur/joueur. Il a été associé à un cadre secondaire qui comprend l'examen des spécificités du joueur individuel et la médiation technologique qui facilitent le jouabilité. Une analyse systématique d’expériences de jeu et des éléments de design de trois jeux différents; Mirror’s Edge (DICE...

Identidade e memória no imbricamento histórico-literário de Eleanor Marx, filha de Karl; Identity and memory in historical and literary imbrication of Eleanor Marx, Karl's daughter

Coelho, Lidiane Pereira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Estudos da Linguagem (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Estudos da Linguagem (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
In this research, we aim to analyze how literature, memory, identity and history are interwoven in Eleanor Marx, Karl´s daughter, the corpus of our research, and reflect on how was Eleanor Marx´s identity construction process, what is the importance of memory in this process and how is the relationship between history and literature in the narrative. From the general objective, we´ve established as specific objectives: i) to unravel the social place that the narrative occupies on the border of history/literature, and the ideological aspects that affect on the construction of the character´s identity; ii) to verify how occur the identity processes of the fictional character Eleanor in the corpus and its relationship with memory and psychological space; iii) to reflect on the historical and social time of Victorian Era and the representation of the female likeness and Eleanor´s role in this context; iv) to discuss how biography and fiction are interwoven in the narrative, constituting it as a biographical narrative; and v) to analyze the possible reasons that led the character to commit suicide.To achieve the specified objectives, we propose to answer the following questions: i)How is the constitution process of the character Eleanor Marx and her identity processes in the narrative...

Identity – towards a conceptualization

Barros, Teresa; Martins, Francisco Vitorino; Barandas-Karl, Hortênsia
Fonte: Academy of Marketing Publicador: Academy of Marketing
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
The development of economical relations increases the interaction between organizations and stakeholders. It is no more acceptable to manage an organization under a transactional perspective where suppliers had a fundamental role. Nowadays organizations are being managed under a relational perspective where relations and relationship management in general have consequences in identity management (Hakansson e Snehota, 1989, 1995). A correct perception and management of identity is necessary to achieve distinctiveness in the competitive environment. This way, identity is influenced by relations with stakeholders in general and particularly with competitors. The ICIG concept states that identity is related with the values of the organization and it helps creating distinctiveness in the competitive environment (Van Riel, Balmer, 1997); Baker and Balmer (1997) state that identity is what the organization is; Suvatjis and de Chernatony (2005) refer that expressing identity is a dynamic process that evolves the use of a management model to face context changes; Kapferer (1991) states that brand identity is the project, the self conception of the brand. After reviewing and confronting literature under the plethora of identities’ concepts and perspectives (He...

Corporate brand identity management – proposal of a new framework

Barros, Teresa; Martins, Francisco Vitorino; Barandas-Karl, Hortênsia
Fonte: Academy of Marketing Publicador: Academy of Marketing
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The term “corporate brand” has been widely used in literature since the eighties. According to Balmer (1998) this concept tends to be used as an alternative to the concept of corporate identity. The author argues that the use of branding principles to discuss corporate identity has tended to align the area more closely with marketing. However, the literature on brand management (Aaker, 1991; Kapferer, 1991 and de Chernatony and McDonald, 1992), gives little attention to the corporate brand” (p. 985). Based on the concepts of corporate brand, brand identity and B2B relationship, the authors are interested in eliminating this gap in literature by designing a framework of corporate brand identity management. The aim of this investigation is to investigate the impact of B2B relationships in corporate brand identity management. The methodology used is quantitative analysis of surveys and scale development. The originality of this paper is to investigate the influence of the relationship between brands in corporate brand identity. This investigation is very important to help the decisions of the corporate brand managers and academics. According to literature, namely on corporate brands (Balmer 2002b...

Formas identitarias en la región fronteriza de Táchira (Venezuela) ‒ Norte de Santander (Colombia); Identity Forms in the Táchira (Venezuela) ‒ North Santander (Colombia) border region; Formas identitárias na região fronteiriça de Táchira (Venezuela) ‒ Norte de Santander (Colômbia)

Bustamante de Pernía, Ana Marleny; Chacón G, Edixon J
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
El presente artículo busca describir las formas identitarias en la región fronteriza de Táchira (Venezuela) ― Norte de Santander (Colombia). El diseño de la investigación se corresponde con la metodología cualitativa, y adopta como método la Teoría Fundamentada; se aplicó el muestreo teórico en combinación con la saturación teórica para analizar las entrevistas de un conjunto de informantes clave ubicados a ambos lados del límite internacional. Así mismo, se hizo una revisión de la literatura especializada sobre identidad y formas de identidad contemplando los aportes de diversas disciplinas científicas. Los datos son analizados siguiendo la línea de codificación teórica (abierta, axial y selectiva) y la inducción analítica para revelar conceptos emergentes y desvelar sus vinculaciones. Los resultados evidencian elementos comunes y divergentes en las formas identitarias: la “identidad personal” (elementos de autopercepción, parentescos, doble identidad y diferenciación identitaria), la “identidad fronteriza” (la región se percibe como diferente del resto), la “identidad nacional” (historia, conciencia del límite y símbolos), los cuales coexisten en los habitantes de frontera. Los “aspectos actitudinales” muestran aceptación y rechazo frente al desempeño de las principales instituciones presentes en la dinámica fronteriza. Las formas identitarias encontradas en la región confirman los estudios sobre identidad y fronteras...

The representation of person identity in the human brain

Anzellotti, Stefano
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Every day we encounter a variety of people, and we need to recognize their identity to interact with them appropriately. The most common ways to recognize a person's identity include the recognition of a face and of a voice. Recognizing a face or a voice is effortless, but the neural mechanisms that enable us to do so are complex. The face of a same person can look very different depending on the viewpoint and it can be partly occluded. Analogously, a voice can sound very different when it is saying different words. The neural mechanisms that enable us to recognize a person's identity need to abstract away from stimulus differences that are not relevant for identity recognition. Patient studies indicate that this process is executed with the contribution of multiple brain regions (Meadows, 1974; Tranel et al., 1997). However, the localization accuracy allowed by neuropsychological studies is limited by the lack of control on the location and extent of lesions. Neuroimaging studies individuated a set of regions that show stronger responses to faces than other objects (Kanwisher et al., 1997; Rajimehr et al., 2009), and to voices than other sounds (Belin et al., 2000). These regions do not necessarily encode information about a person's identity. In this thesis...

Reflections about the empirical access of Erik Erikson’s theory of identity; Reflexões sobre o acesso empírico da teoria de identidade de Erik Erikson

Noack, Juliane
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/11/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
The text presents an attempt towards the appropriation of Erikson’s theory for identity development, important in the fields of education and psychology. In order to make Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development empirically accessible, James E. Marcia developed the “Identity Interview Status” (ISI), that searches within the topics of “profession”, “relationship/family” and “values/ideology” for the variable “commitment” and “exploration” crises with the final output being the “identity status” of the individual. This paper presents a reflection and further development of the ISI. How is the concept of “identity status” theoretically deduced based on Erikon’s theory in the ISI? Regarding methodology, it is questioned if “identity status” is appropriate for the inquiry of identity and if the ISI is an adequate instrument to investigate this. Are the constructions of the researcher based on the constructions of the person interviewed? How is the perspective of the individual interviewed integrated in the research process? The concerns raised by these questions directed us to find an improvement to the ISI, called the “Modified Identity Status Interview” (MISI) and for the development of a process model of the identity crisis.Keywords: identity; Erik H. Erikson; process model of identity crisis; Identity Status Interview Modified (MISI).   ; O texto apresenta uma tentativa de apropriação da teoria de Erikson para as pesquisas sobre identidade...