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Marital Satisfaction: The Role of Social Skills of Husbands and Wives

Villa,Miriam Bratfisch; Del Prette,Zilda Aparecida Pereira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.05%
Among the multiple determinants of marital satisfaction, evidence points to the social skills of married couples. This study investigates the correlations between these constructs, cross-correlating data from husband and wives. A total of 406 married individuals, 188 men and 218 women, completed the Marital Satisfaction Scale, Social Skills Inventory (SSI-Del-Prette) and Marital Social Skills Inventory (MSSI-Villa&Del-Prette). The results revealed a significant correlation among the scores of the three instruments, confirming the relationship between marital satisfaction and the social skills of married couples. In the cross-correlations, three classes of marital social skills (proactive self-control, reactive self-control and expressiveness/empathy) were more strongly correlated to husbands’ marital satisfaction, and husbands’ three social skills (assertive conversation, self-assertiveness and expressiveness/empathy) were correlated with wives’ marital satisfaction. Gender differences concerning the importance of one spouse’s social skills leading to the other spouse’s satisfaction are stressed as an item to be used in detailed diagnostics and effective interventions with couples. Some issues for future research are also discussed.

Sexual transmission of hepatitis B surface antigen. Infection of husbands by HBsAg carrier-state wives.

Inaba, N; Ohkawa, R; Matsuura, A; Kudoh, J; Takamizawa, H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1979 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.21%
The husbands of 68 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier-state wives were tested for the presence of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) and antigen (HBsAg) to assess possible transmission of HBsAg. Eight (11.8%) of the 68 husbands gave negative results for HBsAg and 22 (32.4%) positive results for HBsAb. Furthermore, eight (26.7%) of 30 husbands with presumed HBsAg transmission from their wives developed acute viral hepatitis after marriage, and e antigen (eAg) was detected in the serum from all eight wives. Although HbsAg was not detected in specimens of sputum and cervical mucus of carrier-state women by reverse passive haemagglutination, it was detected in the vaginal discharge of women during days 1--6 of the menstrual cycle at a rate ranging from 20--60%. Thus, sexual transmission of HBsAg seems to occur, particularly if sexual contact takes place during or immediately after menstruation.

THE AUXILIARY TREATMENT OF PSYCHOTIC WOMEN—Group Therapy for Their Husbands

Gordon, Gene; Bowman, Karl M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1953 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.21%
Group therapy for the husbands of hospitalized psychotic women relieved the anxiety and feeling of guilt of the husbands and led to better communication between husband and wife. It was particularly helpful just before and after the wife came home from the hospital. The group meetings saved various members of the hospital staff considerable time which they otherwise would have had to devote to the husbands individually.

Modern contraception use in Ethiopia: does involving husbands make a difference?

Terefe, A; Larson, C P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1993 EN
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26.79%
OBJECTIVES. This study was undertaken to determine the relative efficacy of home visitation with and without husband participation on the use of modern contraception in Ethiopia. METHODS. A randomized field trial of a family planning education intervention using home visitation with and without husband participation was conducted in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from August 1990 to December 1991 and included a 12-month postintervention follow-up. A total of 266 experimental and 261 control subjects were entered, of whom 91.7% and 88.9%, respectively, were followed through 12 months. RESULTS. A greater proportion of couples in the experimental group were practicing modern contraception at 2 months (25% vs 15%) and 12 months (33% vs 17%) following the home visit intervention. By 12 months following the home visits, experimental subjects were less likely to have defaulted and more likely to have started using modern contraception following an initial delay. CONCLUSIONS. The inclusion of husbands in family planning programs will result in relevant increases in the use of modern contraception. However, there exists an important "sleeper" effect to the education intervention, reflected by a delay of greater than 2 months in the initiation of modern contraception for most couples.

Understanding Women’s Body Satisfaction: The Role of Husbands

Markey, Charlotte N.; Markey, Patrick M.; Birch, Leann L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.31%
This study was designed to examine the role women’s husbands may play in determining their body satisfaction. One hundred and seventy-two (172; mean age = 37.53 years) European American women’s body satisfaction, their perceptions of their husbands’ satisfaction with their bodies, and their husbands’ actual satisfaction with their bodies were assessed using the Body Figure Rating Scale; women’s weight status was assessed using body mass index (BMI). Results indicated that wives were much more dissatisfied with their bodies than were their husbands and that wives thought their husbands were much more dissatisfied with their bodies than the husbands actually were. Further, findings suggested that wives’ BMIs were not as strongly related to husband’s satisfaction with their wives’ bodies as they were to wives’ own satisfaction or perceptions of their husbands’ satisfaction with their bodies.

Cattle for Wives and Extramarital Trysts for Husbands? Lobola, Men, and HIV/STD Risk Behavior in Southern Africa

Heeren, G. Anita; Jemmott, John B.; Tyler, Joanne C.; Tshabe, Sonwabo; Ngwane, Zolani
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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Lobola is in many Southern African countries a tradition, which is expected to be adhered by anyone who is part or want to be part of the community. It is about paying respect to the elders, the family and the community. It is a significant element of marriage among many tribes and there are strict rules to adhere. In order to determine how much the actual fact of payment of lobola would influence the behavior of husbands and wives, we conducted several focus group discussion with men, women, mixed groups and couples. We analyzed the data collected during these sessions and compared these with the literature. Many participants see lobola as part of their African culture, although they wished that they would not actually have to pay lobola. We could not determine a difference in the husband’s behavior, whether they had paid lobola or not and having extramarital affairs.

Intrahousehold discrepancy regarding food insecurity within intermarried couples of Vietnamese wives and Korean husbands in South Korea

Choi, Ha Ney; Chung, Hye Won; Hwang, Ji-Yun; Chang, Namsoo
Fonte: The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition Publicador: The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
Our previous studies have demonstrated the inadequate nutritional status of Vietnamese female marriage immigrants in Korea. Major possible reasons include food insecurity due to economic problems as well as a lack of adjustment to unfamiliar Korean foods and limited access to Vietnamese foods; however, no study has investigated food insecurity among such intermarried couples. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of food insecurity in Korean-husband-Vietnamese-wife couples and to determine whether they exhibit an intrahousehold discrepancy regarding food insecurity. A cross-sectional analysis of the Cohort of Intermarried Women in Korea study was performed with 84 intermarried couples. Among the 84 Vietnamese immigrants, 48.8% and 41.7% had food insecurity due to economic problems and a lack of foods appealing to their appetite, respectively. There was a marked discrepancy in reporting food insecurity between Vietnamese wives (22.6-38.1%) and their Korean husbands (6.0-15.5%). Vietnamese wives were five and two times more food-insecure due to economic problems and no foods appealing to their appetite, respectively, than their Korean spouses. A follow-up study is needed to investigate the causes of this discrepancy and ways of reducing food insecurity among female marriage immigrants living in low-income...

Family Economic Hardship and Progression of Poor Mental Health in Middle-aged Husbands and Wives

Wickrama, K. A. S.; Surjadi, Florensia F.; Lorenz, Frederick O.; Conger, Rand D.; Walker, Catie
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.31%
Using prospective data from 370 middle-aged husbands and wives during a 12-year period, we investigated the intra-individual and dyadic influence of family economic hardship on the levels of depressive symptoms of husbands and wives over their middle years. The results suggest that family economic hardship during the early middle years contributes to subsequent increase in depressive symptoms of husbands and wives after controlling for family economic hardship in late middle years. Consistent with stress-process theory, economic hardship influences depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through its influence on self-esteem. The results also provided evidence for the scar hypothesis which suggests that depression predicts subsequent level of self-esteem and form a reciprocal process between depressive symptoms and self-esteem over time. In sum, for both husbands and wives, our findings showed that depressive symptoms progress over the middle years through a self-perpetuating reciprocal process between self-esteem and depression initiated by early family economic hardship and through cross-spouse influences involving self-esteem and depressive symptoms.

Wives without husbands: Gendered vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections among previously married women in India

Walters, Kimberly; Dandona, Rakhi; Walters, Lawrence C.; Dandona, Lalit; Lakshmi, Vemu; Schneider, John A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
Using population-based and family structural data from a high HIV-prevalence district of southern India, this paper considers four suggested social scenarios used to explain the positive correlation between HIV prevalence and previously married status among Indian women: I) infection from and then bereavement of an infected husband; II) abandonment after husbands learn of their wives’ HIV status; III) economic instability after becoming previously married, leading women to seek financial support through male partners; IV) the social status of being previously married exposing women to sexual harassment and predation. By also considering seroprevalence of two other common sexually transmitted infections (STI), herpes and syphilis, in a combined variable with HIV, we limit the likelihood of the first two scenarios accounting for the greater part of this correlation. Through a nuanced analysis of household residences patterns (family structure), standard of living and education, we also limit the probability that scenario three explains a greater portion of the correlation. Scenario four emerges as the most likely explanation for this correlation, recognizing that other scenarios are also possible. Further, the interdisciplinary literature on the social position of previously married women in India strongly supports the suggestion that...

Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the RHANI Wives HIV Intervention for Women in India at Risk for HIV from Husbands

Raj, Anita; Saggurti, Niranjan; Battala, Madhusudana; Nair, Saritha; Dasgupta, Anindita; Naik, D. D.; Abramovitz, Daniela; Silverman, Jay G.; Balaiah, Donta
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.05%
This study involved evaluation of the shortterm impact of the RHANI Wives HIV intervention among wives at risk for HIV from husbands in Mumbai, India. A two-armed cluster RCT was conducted with 220 women surveyed on marital sex at baseline and 4–5 month followup. RHANI Wives was a multisession intervention focused on safer sex, marital communication, gender inequities and violence; control participants received basic HIV prevention education. Generalized linear mixed models were conducted to assess program impact, with cluster as a random effect and with time, treatment group, and the time by treatment interaction as fixed effects. A significant time by treatment effect on proportion of unprotected sex with husband (p = 0.01) was observed, and the rate of unprotected sex for intervention participants was lower than that of control participants at follow-up (RR = 0.83, 95 % CI = 0.75, 0.93). RHANI Wives is a promising model for women at risk for HIV from husbands.

Solving graph connectivity problems on JAGs

Husbands, Parry
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 53 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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by Parry Husbands.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1994.; Includes bibliographical references (leaf 53).

Does Female Empowerment Promote Economic Development?

Doepke, Matthias; Tertilt, Michele
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
Empirical evidence suggests that money in the hands of mothers (as opposed to their husbands) benefits children. Does this observation imply that targeting transfers to women is good economic policy? The authors develop a series of noncooperative family bargaining models to understand what kind of frictions can give rise to the observed empirical relationships. Then they assess the policy implications of these models. The authors find that targeting transfers to women can have unintended consequences and may fail to make children better off. Moreover, different forms of empowering women may lead to opposite results. More research is needed to distinguish between alternative theoretical models.

Lasting Welfare Effects of Widowhood in a Poor Country

van de Walle, Dominique
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.05%
Little is known about the situation facing widows and their dependent children in West Africa especially after the widow remarries. Women in Malian society are vulnerable to the loss of husbands especially in rural areas. Households headed by widows have significantly lower living standards on average than male or other female headed households in both rural and urban areas; this holds both unconditionally and conditional on observable household and individual characteristics including age. Furthermore, the adverse welfare effects of widowhood appear to persist even after widows are absorbed into male headed households. An examination of individual measures of well-being further reveals that, relative to other women, worse outcomes for ever-widowed women persist through remarriage. These detrimental effects are passed on to children, indicating an intergenerational transmission of poverty stemming from widowhood.

Transforming Family Planning Outlook and Practice in Egypt : A Rights-Based Approach

Rabie, Tamer; Boehmova, Zuzana; Hawkins, Loraine; Tawab, Nahla Abdel; Saher, Sally; El Shitany, Atef
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
Family planning (FP) program contributed to Egypt s progress in reducing infant and maternal mortality and the total fertility and population growth rates. The Arab spring has brought to the forefront long-held aspirations, which can only be fulfilled by a clear shift to a rights-based and person-centered family planning approach and away from an imposed top-down program with targets for family size and fertility rate. The essence of a rights-based approach to FP is interacting with people as individuals with rights to control ones lives, not as a target of a particular program. The FP program also needs to determine and mitigate the factors that make it difficult for the poor, young, and marginalized groups to exercise rights to receive the services needed. The authors of this report examined the challenges facing Egypt s FP program through a human rights lens, exploring whether individuals and couples are able to exercise their rights to financial and physical access to good quality FP services. The research also investigated whether client demand for services...

Asymmetric Information about Migrant Earnings and Remittance Flows

Seshan, Ganesh; Zubrickas, Robertas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
This paper examine asymmetric information about migrant earnings and its implications for remittance behavior using a sample of Indian households with husbands working overseas in Qatar. On average, wives underreport their husbands’ income and underreporting is more prevalent in households with higher earning migrants. The discrepancy in earning reports is strongly correlated with variation in remittances: greater underreporting by wives is associated with lower remittances. An exchange model of remittances is developed with asymmetric information and costly state verification. The optimal remittance contract prescribes a threshold for remittances that invites verification only if unmet. The model’s predictions closely match our empirical findings.

The impact of family and budget structure on health treatment in Nigeria

Orubuloye, I. O; Caldwell, John C; Caldwell, Pat; Bledsoe, Caroline H
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 71233 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.79%
Health-treatment decisions, in much of the world, are affected by the family’s ability to meet the cost. In West Africa the situation is more complex because husbands and wives typically have separate budgets. This article reports an exploration of the impact on treatment of divided family budgets in Nigeria where health services now charge for prescribed drugs. It was found that most child treatment is paid for by one person only, usually a parent, and that the treatment chosen is decided by the person meeting the cost. Mothers are most likely to pay for minor illnesses but the father’s role becomes more important as the cost rises. Because the type, and even fact, of treatment depends on the ability to pay, and because the family is not a unity in these decisions, the health system may have to devise charging procedures that make both parents responsible, possibly with community involvement in securing payment.; yes

Evening of One Act Comedies; The Letter Box; Phipps; A Matter of Husbands; Bronze Lady and Crystal Gentlemen

Houghton, Stanley; Molnar, Franz; Duvernois, Henri
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Publicado em 20/10/1944
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The Letter Box was directed by Enid Brown; Phipps was directed by Jess Davis; A Matter of Husbands was directed by Sidney A. Downie and comedy the Bronze Lady and Crystal Gentlemen was directed by Elisabeth Campbell. These one act comedies were staged at The Hut on the Friday 19 October 1944.; The program was scanned from an original held in the University Archives.

Psychosexual Perspectives of the Husbands of Women Treated With an Elective Hysterectomy

Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura; Higashi, Aline Baraldi; Sato, Priscila Mayumi; Bozzini, Nilo; Baracat, Edmund Chada; Manganiello, Adriana
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC; PHILADELPHIA Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC; PHILADELPHIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.05%
The purpose of this study was to explore the psychosexual perspectives of a group of Brazilian men whose wives underwent an elective hysterectomy. A qualitative design based on the narrative analysis method was used to interview 22 husbands. Results showed similarities and differences among husbands regarding the support provided to their wives, the notion of sexual absence in the postsurgical period, the notion of sexual pleasure after the hysterectomy, and feelings regarding the impossibility of having children. The authors conclude that personal care requirements should be identified and satisfied to provide comprehensive and meaningful care.

How women's adopted low-fat diets affect their husbands.

Shattuck, A L; White, E; Kristal, A R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.45%
OBJECTIVES. One way of promoting a reduction in dietary fat intake is by changing the diet of family members. This study investigated the long-term effects of a low-fat dietary intervention on husbands of women who participated in the Women's Health Trial (WHT). METHODS. An average of 12 months after the end of the WHT, a randomly selected sample of participants' husbands was sent dietary and health questionnaires as part of a follow-up study of the maintenance of the low-fat diet among WHT participants. RESULTS. We found an absolute difference in fat intake between groups of 4 percentage points (32.9% energy from fat among intervention husbands [n = 188] vs 36.9% among control husbands [n = 180]). The wife's attitude and fat intake were among the most important predictors of her husband's fat intake, indicating that the effect of the WHT intervention on the husbands of participants was more likely due to their acceptance of lower-fat foods being served at home than to overt actions by the men. CONCLUSIONS. Our results suggest that a dietary intervention aimed at women can have an effect on their husbands and may be a cost-effective approach to healthy dietary change for both women and men.

Relationship of wives' preventive health orientation to their beliefs about heart disease in husbands.

Aho, W R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.45%
Selected by area probability sampling, 199 wives residing in the city and county of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, were interviewed about their attitudes, opinions, beliefs, and behavior in respect to the role that wives can play in helping to prevent heart disease in husbands. After the "Don't know" respondents were eliminated, the remaining respondents were categorized into a continuum of low, medium, and high levels of preventive health orientation, according to how much of a role they believed wives could play in the prevention of heart disease in husbands. The orientations were then cross-tabulated with several variables in a health belief model (initially formulated by G. M. Hochbaum and associates and discussed in a monograph edited by M. H. Becker) and also with several sociodemographic variables. A substantial majority of the 187 wives expressed beliefs that wives could play some or very much of a role in preventing heart disease in husbands, that treatment for heart disease was effective, and that the disease was preventable. The majority indicated that they had not worried about their husbands getting heart disease. Magazines and television had been their main sources of information about the condition. Emphasis was placed on the wives who ranked low on the preventive health orientation continuum...