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Abordagem histórico-epistemológica do ensino da geometria fazendo uso da geometria dinâmica; Historical-epistemological approach geometry teaching making use of dynamic geometry.

Waldomiro, Tatiana de Camargo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.67%
A presente pesquisa, de cunho quantitativo, tem como propósito responder a seguinte questão: De que modo e em que alcance o trabalho pedagógico articulado com a história, geometria e meio computacional tem refletido sobre posturas e caminhos que levassem os alunos a se envolver com o conhecimento matemático? Desse modo, fizemos uma investigação e análise sobre os efeitos de uma articulação entre o ensino da história da matemática e o uso de ferramentas computacionais como solução para as dificuldades apresentadas no Ensino de Geometria, principalmente no Ensino Médio. Utilizamos a obra de Lakatos e a primeira proposição (do livro 1) de Euclides para realizar a verificação de sua demonstração através de um software de Geometria dinâmica. Os resultados serão utilizados para a construção de um novo software que envolva o ensino e aprendizagem de história da matemática e geometria. Outros objetivos podem ser assim colocados: Refletir sobre as condições e viabilidade da integração de recursos computacionais para o ensino da Matemática no âmbito Ensino Médio em especial a partir do produtos/softwares propostos para a educação matemática; Compreender o potencial de softwares de geometria dinâmica para a educação matemática escolar; Analisar as necessidades matemáticas de uma instrumentação eficaz...

Perspectivas históricas de alguns tópicos de geometria : avaliando alternativas de ensino

Mansan, Giovane
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.65%
Neste trabalho busca-se desenvolver processos de contextualização de alguns conteúdos de geometria trabalhados no ensino básico, fazendo uso da História da Geometria como conhecimento mediador e inspirador. Foram realizadas pesquisas a obras que tratam da História da Geometria, dando destaque ao Teorema de Pitágoras, ao Teorema de Euler, à teoria dos quadrados dentados e ao cálculo de áreas. Também é comentada uma experiência envolvendo cálculo de áreas que, durante o processo de desenvolvimento, apresenta aspectos dos quadrados dentados. A partir do estudo realizado, foram produzidas propostas de ensino direcionadas à definição de área, ao ensino do Teorema de Pitágoras, ao conceito de poliedro convexo e a uma possível interpretação da raiz quadrada do número dois. As propostas, após sua produção, foram submetidas à análise competente de dois professores com experiência no ensino da matemática e também na disciplina da História da Matemática na universidade, disciplina essa geralmente oferecida a cursos de Licenciatura e Bacharelado em Matemática. Foram realizadas entrevistas a esses professores buscando resgatar e valorizar suas experiências no campo do ensino de geometria, assim como suas opiniões a respeito das propostas produzidas neste Trabalho de conclusão. A análise das entrevistas gerou interessantes aprimoramentos nas propostas...

Aspectos do desenvolvimento do pensamento geométrico em algumas civilizações e povos e a formação de professores

Gaspar, Maria Terezinha Jesus
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 307 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.6%
Pós-graduação em Educação Matemática - IGCE; As principais questões deste trabalho surgem das minhas experiências como professora em cursos de Licenciatura em Matemática e do meu interesse em pesquisar as relações entre a história e o ensino-aprendizagem da matemática. Por que a incorporação da história da matemática em cursos de geometria na formação de professores? Como utilizar a história da matemática para discutir conhecimentos geométricos e abordagens pedagógicas para o ensino-aprendizagem da geometria? Trata-se de um trabalho teórico, de levantamento bibliográfico e organizacional do material encontrado em livros de história da matemática, e trabalhos de pesquisa sobre as tradições geométricas de algumas civilizações e povos, a saber: China, Índia, Egito, Babilônia, Indígenas Brasileiros e alguns Povos Africanos. O objetivo é fazer uma compilação e análise desse conhecimento e então propor uma forma de trabalhar o conhecimento geométrico na formação de professores do ensino fundamental e médio tomando como referencial a dimensão histórica.; The main questions of this work arise from mine experiences as a teacher of undergraduate curses for mathematics teachers and of my interest in the relationship between the history and teaching-learning of mathematics. What is the purpose of incorporating the history of the mathematics in geometry curses for teachers educations? How to use the history of mathematics to discuss geometric knowledge and pedagogic approaches for the teaching-learning of geometry? This is a theorical work that cames from bibliographical survey and organization of the material found in texts of history of mathematics and researches about geometric traditions of some civilizations and people...

A importância do ensino de geometria nos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental : razões apresentadas em pesquisas brasileiras; The importance of teaching geometry in the early years of elementary school : reasons presented by Brazilian researches

Wagner Aguilera Manoel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.62%
O ensino e a aprendizagem de Geometria é tema presente em diversas pesquisas em Educação Matemática. Muitas pesquisas apontam que nos Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental (AIEF), nota-se ainda uma maior ênfase no ensino de outras áreas da Matemática, em comparação aos conteúdos relacionados aos conhecimentos geométricos, mas apontam também que é importante ensinar Geometria nos AIEF. Muitos autores consideram fundamental a presença da Geometria no ambiente escolar, seja pela importância dessa disciplina na cultura e na história da humanidade, seja pelas habilidades cognitivas que ela desenvolve, ou mesmo pelo fato de ela estar presente no cotidiano do aluno. Diante dessa problemática, a questão que emergiu e que norteou esta pesquisa foi: quais as razões para ensinar Geometria nos AIEF apresentadas pelos autores de pesquisas brasileiras no período de 2006 a 2011? O objetivo dessa investigação foi realizar uma compilação e um estudo analítico da importância de se ensinar Geometria nos AIEF e produzir novas interpretações e resultados. A metodologia escolhida foi a pesquisa bibliográfica do tipo meta-análise qualitativa e o material a ser analisado foram teses e dissertações com o tema Geometria nos Anos/Séries Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental. As razões encontradas na literatura foram classificadas em onze eixos de análises (currículo...

Extensional evolution of the central East Greenland Caledonides

White, Arthur Percy, 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 301 p.; 26523528 bytes; 26523284 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis addresses the complexity of both syn- and post-orogenic extension in the overriding plate during Caledonian continental collision through field and laboratory investigations in the central East Greenland Caledonides. During the course of this work, attempts were made to answer some of the outstanding regional and local questions in East Greenland geology. Structural, U-Pb and ⁴⁰Ar/³⁹Ar geochronologic, petrographic and thermobarometric data were combined to constrain and reconstruct a portion of the tectonic history of this orogen. Most extension was accommodated along a system of orogen-parallel, N-S striking normal faults known as the Fjord Region Detachment (FRD) system. The FRD system comprises two temporally distinct, but overlapping, splays just south of 73⁰ N. The lowermost splay is called the Hogedal detachment was active from ca. 417 to 380 Ma, and was active for a second time as recently as ca. 357 Ma. The uppermost splay is the Tindern detachment. This fault was active from ca. 425-423 Ma, exhuming material at rates as fast as 6.5 mm/year. Continued extension in the hanging-wall of this fault accounts for additional denudation at much slower rates over a 25 my time-period. In-between activity on these faults...

Geometrias não-eucludianas como anomalias: implicações para o ensino de geometria e medidas

Nascimento, Anna Karla Silva do
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências Naturais e Matemática; Ensino de Ciências Naturais e Matemática Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências Naturais e Matemática; Ensino de Ciências Naturais e Matemática
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This present research the aim to show to the reader the Geometry non-Euclidean while anomaly indicating the pedagogical implications and then propose a sequence of activities, divided into three blocks which show the relationship of Euclidean geometry with non-Euclidean, taking the Euclidean with respect to analysis of the anomaly in non-Euclidean. PPGECNM is tied to the line of research of History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science in the Teaching of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Treat so on Euclid of Alexandria, his most famous work The Elements and moreover, emphasize the Fifth Postulate of Euclid, particularly the difficulties (which lasted several centuries) that mathematicians have to understand him. Until the eighteenth century, three mathematicians: Lobachevsky (1793 - 1856), Bolyai (1775 - 1856) and Gauss (1777-1855) was convinced that this axiom was correct and that there was another geometry (anomalous) as consistent as the Euclid, but that did not adapt into their parameters. It is attributed to the emergence of these three non-Euclidean geometry. For the course methodology we started with some bibliographical definitions about anomalies, after we ve featured so that our definition are better understood by the readers and then only deal geometries non-Euclidean (Hyperbolic Geometry...

A Geometria da escola e a utilização de história em quadrinhos nos anos finais do Ensino Fundamental; The Geometry of the school and the using cartoons in the final years of primary school

Santos, Lupi Scheer dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Faculdade de Educação; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências e Matemática; UFPel; Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Faculdade de Educação; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Ciências e Matemática; UFPel; Brasil
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.66%
This study deals with a qualitative investigation with quantitative aspects carried out during 2012 and 2013. It aims to learn about the reality of Geometry teaching in the final years of primary school in the municipal schools in the city of Pelotas in order to provide the History of Mathematics as a mediating instrument for teaching and learning through cartoons. The theoretical foundation is made up of three stages. Firstly, the search of elements about the history of mathematics and cartoons as pedagogical resources to be used in the classroom. The Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciElO) dataset is used for free searches on the internet. It also uses the approaches provided by Miguel (1997, 2009) as well as the ones provided by Vergueiro (2010). In the second stage a bibliographic study, regarding the mediation concepts, zone of proximal development, spontaneous and scientific knowledge about Vygotsky theory (2011) and researchers in the area, was carried out. This study was used in the elaboration of the product of this research. The third stage resorts to Pavanello (1989) and to event publication datasets such as the National Meeting of Mathematics Education in order to capture elements to understand the teaching of Geometry in the schools. As far as the empirical field is concerned...

Between Figure and Line: Visual Transformations of Cartesian Physics, 1620-1690

Lo, Melissa Ming-Hwei
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Between Figure and Line: Visual Transformations of Cartesian Physics, 1620-1690 is the first sustained examination of the diagrams and illustrations that constituted the seventeenth century's new physics. When René Descartes introduced natural philosophy to the graphic techniques of geometry, mixed mathematics, cartography, and master engravers, subsequent interpreters of the new science were encouraged to respond in kind. But none of their pictures - neither the outlines of barometric tubes employed by Parisian salon impresario Jacques Rohault, nor the still lifes and landscapes into which Leiden university professor Wolferd Senguerd etched Cartesian matter, and certainly not the copies of Descartes's figures with which Jesuit priest Gabriel Daniel refuted the new philosophy - agreed on a single visual idiom for revealing nature's laws. Such pictorial diversity, I argue, marked the natural philosophical figure as a critical, and contested, apparatus for grasping at truth amidst the slow disintegration of Aristotelian certainty.; History of Science

Embodied Mathematics and the Origins of Geometry

Lappas, Dionyssios; Spyrou, Panayotis
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/08/2003
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this paper, we propose that 'embodied mathematics' should be studied not only by reduction to the present individual bodily experience but in an historical context as well, as far as the origins of mathematics are concerned. Some early mathematical results are the Theorems of Geometry and arose as attempts to objectively render the main perceptual categories such as verticality, horizontality, similarity (or its varieties). Inasmuch as these are of a qualitative nature, it was required that they be expressed in a quantitative way in order to be objectified. The first form of this objectification occurred in the case of 'archetypal results', namely the Pythagorean triads and the internal ratio of the legs in the right triangles. In the next stage, a 'scientific' treatment would come from a shift of objectification and descriptions inside an abstract theory, which would constitute the first logicomathematical knowledge. In this theory, the 'archetypal results' were incorporated, generalized and acquired their unquestionable, supertemporal validity. The study presents a particular epistemological analysis of some of the main terms used in the beginnings of Geometrical Thought and Euclid's Elements, utilizing the theoretical apparatus of the theory of 'embodied mathematics'. It also traces models of objectification for the 'archetypal results' and indicates their diffusion in later mathematical developments.; Comment: 15 pages

Finiteness Problems in Diophantine Geometry

Zarhin, Yuri G.; Parshin, Alexey N.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/12/2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This survey contains an exposition of ideas and results related to Faltings' proof of the conjectures of Shafarevich, Tate and Mordell. This paper originally appeared in 1986 as an Appendix to the Russian translation of Serge Lang, "Fundamentals of Diophantine Geometry" (Springer Verlag, 1983) published by "Mir", Moscow (MR0854670, 88a:11054). A history of the publication of the Appendix is briefly described by Lang in Section 4 of his paper "Mordell's review, Siegel's letter to Mordell, Diophantine geometry, and 20th century mathematics" that was published (in 1995) simultaneously in Notices of the AMS and Gazette des Math\'ematiciens (SMF) (MR1316025, 96g:11002a; MR1316133, 96g:11002b) http://smf.emath.fr/Publications/Gazette/1995/63/smf_gazette_63_17-36.pdf . Later an expanded version of the Appendix was translated into English by Neal Koblitz and published in 1989 by the American Mathematical Society as part of the collection "Eight papers translated from the Russian", AMS Translations, Series 2, Vol. 143 http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=TRANS2-143 (MR1008476, 90b:00011). We put this paper on the arXiv with the kind permission of the American Mathematical Society. For this version we slightly updated the bibliography and added a few short notes (marked as "Added in December 2009"). We also corrected inaccuracies that were kindly pointed out to us by J.-P. Serre - one of the few people to read this paper (in English) twenty years ago.; Comment: 68 pages...

Did Lobachevsky Have A Model Of His "imaginary Geometry"?

Rodin, Andrei
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/08/2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The invention of non-Euclidean geometries is often seen through the optics of Hilbertian formal axiomatic method developed later in the 19th century. However such an anachronistic approach fails to provide a sound reading of Lobachevsky's geometrical works. Although the modern notion of model of a given theory has a counterpart in Lobachevsky's writings its role in Lobachevsky's geometrical theory turns to be very unusual. Lobachevsky doesn't consider various models of Hyperbolic geometry, as the modern reader would expect, but uses a non-standard model of Euclidean plane (as a particular surface in the Hyperbolic 3-space). In this paper I consider this Lobachevsky's construction, and show how it can be better analyzed within an alternative non-Hilbertian foundational framework, which relates the history of geometry of the 19th century to some recent developments in the ?eld.; Comment: 31 pages, 8 figures

Six mathematical gems from the history of Distance Geometry

Liberti, Leo; Lavor, Carlile
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/02/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.59%
This is a partial account of the fascinating history of Distance Geometry. We make no claim to completeness, but we do promise a dazzling display of beautiful, elementary mathematics. We prove Heron's formula, Cauchy's theorem on the rigidity of polyhedra, Cayley's generalization of Heron's formula to higher dimensions, Menger's characterization of abstract semi-metric spaces, a result of Goedel on metric spaces on the sphere, and Schoenberg's equivalence of distance and positive semidefinite matrices, which is at the basis of Multidimensional Scaling.; Comment: 22 pages, 8 figures, submitted to ITOR special issue on distance geometry

Plate Tectonic Consequences of competing models for the origin and history of the Banda Sea subducted oceanic lithosphere

Heine, Christian; Quevedo, Leonardo; McKay, Hamish; Müller, R. Dietmar
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/10/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.59%
The Banda Arc, situated west of Irian Jaya and in the easternmost extension of the Sunda subduction zone system, reveals a characteristic bowl-shaped geometry in seismic tomographic images. This indicates that the oceanic lithosphere still remains attached to the surrounding continental margins of northern Australia and the Bird's Head microcontinent. Major controversies exist between authors proposing an allochthonous or autochthonous origin of the Bird's Head block. Either scenario has important implications for plate kinematic models aiming to reconstruct the tectonic evolution of the region and the late Jurassic seaoor spreading geometry of this now subducted Argo-Tanimbar-Seram (ATS) ocean basin. Wider implications affect the tectonic conguration of the Tethyan-Pacic realm, the distribution of plate boundaries as well as the shape and size of continental blocks which have been rifted off the northeastern Gondwana margin during the Late Jurassic and are now accreted to the SE Asia margin. We apply structural geology restoration techniques to unfold the subducted oceanic lithosphere of the Banda Slab. Our slab unfolding results help to discriminate between the different hypotheses concerning the origin and kinematic history of the Bird's Head tectonic block. According to our preferred model...

A Survey of the Development of Geometry up to 1870

Straume, Eldar
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/09/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.52%
This is an expository treatise on the development of the classical geometries, starting from the origins of Euclidean geometry a few centuries BC up to around 1870. At this time classical differential geometry came to an end, and the Riemannian geometric approach started to be developed. Moreover, the discovery of non-Euclidean geometry, about 40 years earlier, had just been demonstrated to be a "true" geometry on the same footing as Euclidean geometry. These were radically new ideas, but henceforth the importance of the topic became gradually realized. As a consequence, the conventional attitude to the basic geometric questions, including the possible geometric structure of the physical space, was challenged, and foundational problems became an important issue during the following decades. Such a basic understanding of the status of geometry around 1870 enables one to study the geometric works of Sophus Lie and Felix Klein at the beginning of their career in the appropriate historical perspective.; Comment: 108 pages

On the works of Euler and his followers on spherical geometry

Papadopoulos, Athanase
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/09/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.57%
We review and comment on some works of Euler and his followers on spherical geometry. We start by presenting some memoirs of Euler on spherical trigonometry. We comment on Euler's use of the methods of the calculus of variations in spherical trigonometry. We then survey a series of geometrical resuls, where the stress is on the analogy between the results in spherical geometry and the corresponding results in Euclidean geometry. We elaborate on two such results. The first one, known as Lexell's Theorem (Lexell was a student of Euler), concerns the locus of the vertices of a spherical triangle with a fixed area and a given base. This is the spherical counterpart of a result in Euclid's Elements, but it is much more difficult to prove than its Euclidean analogue. The second result, due to Euler, is the spherical analogue of a generalization of a theorem of Pappus (Proposition 117 of Book VII of the Collection) on the construction of a triangle inscribed in a circle whose sides are contained in three lines that pass through three given points. Both results have many ramifications, involving several mathematicians, and we mention some of these developments. We also comment on three papers of Euler on projections of the sphere on the Euclidean plane that are related with the art of drawing geographical maps.; Comment: To appear in Ganita Bharati (Indian Mathematics)...

Foundations of geometry for university students and high-school students

Sharipov, Ruslan
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2007
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.49%
This book is a textbook for the course of foundations of geometry. It is addressed to mathematics students in Universities and to High School students for deeper learning the elementary geometry. It can also be used in mathematics coteries and self-education groups.; Comment: AmSTeX, 221 pages, amsppt style

The History of Barbilian's Metrization Procedure

Boskoff, Wladimir G.; Suceava, Bogdan D.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/07/2006
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.49%
Barbilian spaces are metric spaces with a metric induced by a special procedure of metrization which is inspired by the study of the models of non-Euclidean geometry. In the present material we discuss the history of Barbilian spaces and the evolution of the theory. We point out that some of the current references to the work done in Barbilian spaces refer to Barbilian's contribution from 1934, while his construction has been largely extended in four works published in Romanian in 1959-1962.; Comment: The present document is an updated version of the material presented on April 17, 2005, in the AMS Special Session on History of Mathematics, AMS Sectional Conference # 1007, abstract # 1007-01-39, Santa Barbara, California. A different material on the same theme, entitled "Barbilian Spaces: The History of a Geometric Idea", will appear in Historia Mathematica

Hyperbolic Geometry and Distance Functions on Discrete Groups

Thomas, Anne
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/12/2007
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.53%
Chapter 1 is a short history of non-Euclidean geometry, which synthesises my readings of mostly secondary sources. Chapter 2 presents each of the main models of hyperbolic geometry, and describes the tesselation of the upper half-plane induced by the action of $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Chapter 3 gives background on symmetric spaces and word metrics. Chapter 4 then contains a careful proof of the following theorem of Lubotzky--Mozes--Raghunathan: the word metric on $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ is not Lipschitz equivalent to the metric induced by its action on the associated symmetric space (the upper half-plane), but for $n \geq 3$, these two metrics on $PSL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ are Lipschitz equivalent.; Comment: Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Bachelor of Science with Honours in Pure Mathematics, University of New South Wales, Australia, June 2002. 105 pages

Einstein's physical geometry at play: inertial motion, the boostability assumption, the Lorentz transformations, and the so-called conventionality of the one-way speed of light

Valente, Mario Bacelar
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.53%
In this work, Einstein's view of geometry as physical geometry is taken into account in the analysis of diverse issues related to the notions of inertial motion and inertial reference frame. Einstein's physical geometry enables a non-conventional view on Euclidean geometry (as the geometry associated to inertial motion and inertial reference frames) and on the uniform time. Also, by taking into account the implications of the view of geometry as a physical geometry, it is presented a critical reassessment of the so-called boostability assumption (implicit according to Einstein in the formulation of the theory) and also of 'alternative' derivations of the Lorentz transformations that do not take into account the so-called 'light postulate'. Finally it is addressed the issue of the eventual conventionality of the one-way speed of light or, what is the same, the conventionality of simultaneity (within the same inertial reference frame). It turns out that it is possible to see the (possible) conventionality of distant simultaneity as a case of conventionality of geometry (in Einstein's reinterpretation of Poincar\'e's views). By taking into account synchronization procedures that do not make reference to light propagation (which is necessary in the derivation of the Lorentz transformations without the 'light postulate')...

Escritura, encarnação, temporização: Merleau-Ponty e Derrida acerca de A origem da Geometria; Writing, incarnation, deferral. Merleau-Ponty and Derrida on The Origin of Geometry

Alloa, Emmanuel; University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.56%
The intellectual history of the 20th century has been written along ascenario  which  sees  in  Merleau-Ponty's  death  in 1961  the  partition  line between an existential and phenomenological generation and the immediately subsequent event of structuralism. The publication of Merleau-Pontys lecture notes  on  Edmund  Husserl's  Origin of  geometry  has  shown  how  shaky  the grounds of such a simplifying reading are. Indeed, while Derrida's translation of and introduction to Husserl's text from 1962 became a founding text for the structuralist generation, introducing a reflection about the historicity and the materiality of ideality, it was only in 1998, with the publication of Merleau-Ponty's notes from the Collège de France lecture in 1959 on the same topic, that it became clear how close the early Derrida is to the late Merleau-Ponty.Just  as  Derrida,  Merleau-Ponty  had identified  in  Husserl's  tension  between archaeology and teleology the basic problem of phenomenology, introducing the question of history and that of media of cultural transmission. Comparing both readings in their specific context not only brings about a more complex picture  of  the intellectual  debates  of  the  time...