This article presents the results of an experimental study on the Ti17 titanium alloy, which was carried out to analyze tool wear and the degradation mechanisms of an uncoated tungsten carbide tool insert. Two machining conditions, roughing and finishing, have been studied under different lubrication conditions. The experimental procedure included measurement of the cutting forces and the surface roughness. Different techniques have been used to explain the tool wear mechanisms. Distribution maps of the elemental composition of the titanium alloy and the tool inserts have been created using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). An area of material deposition on the tool rake face, characterized by a high titanium concentration has been observed. The width of this area and the concentration of titanium, decrease when increasing water jet pressure. The study shows that wear mechanisms, with and without high-pressure water jet assistance (HPWJA) are not the same. For example, for the roughing condition using conventional lubrication, the temperature in the cutting area becomes very high, this causes plastic deformation of the cutting edge which results in its rapid collapse. By contrast, this problem disappears when machining with HPWJA. In addition...
This study deals with the effect of High-Pressure Water Jet Assisted Turning (HPWJAT) of austenitic stainless steels on chip shape and residual stresses. The machining of the austenitic stainless steels represents several difficulties. Recently, research has shown that the introduction of a high-pressure water jet into the gap between the tool and the chip interface is a very satisfactory method for machining applications. In this article, the effect of a high-pressure water jet, directed into the tool–chip interface, on chip shapes breakage and surface integrity in face turning operations of AISI 316L steel has been investigated. Tests have been carried out with a standard cutting tool. The cutting speeds used were 80 and 150 m/min, with a constant feed rate of 0.1 mm/rev and a constant cutting depth of 1 mm. Three jet pressures were used: 20, 50 and 80 MPa. Residual stress profiles have been analysed using the X-ray diffraction method in both longitudinal and transversal directions. The results show that jet pressure and cutting parameters influence the residual stresses and the chip shapes. Using a high-pressure jet, it is possible to create a well fragmented chip in contrast to the continuous chip formed using dry turning. It is also possible to control the chip shape and increase tool life. When the jet pressure is increased the residual stress at the surface decreases; however it is increased by an increase in cutting speed. It can be concluded that surface residual stresses can be reduced by the introduction of a high-pressure water jet.
High pressure water jet assisted turning (HPWJAT) consists of projecting a high pressure water jet, up to several hundred bar, into the tool-workpiece interface. The water jet is directed between the chip and the tool affording greater protection of the cutting face and better chip breaking. Comparisons are made between assisted turning using several jet pressures and conventional turning with different cutting speeds on the duplex stainless steel, X2CrNiMo22-5. The results show good chip fragmentation and an improvement of tool life with high pressure water jet assistance (HPWJAT). The evolution of the roughness is also investigated. It is shown that it is possible to improve the productivity by using HPWJAT.; This study was undertaken by the Arts et
Métiers ParisTech CER Angers in collaboration
with two industrial partners: CETIM and Westafalia.