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Hijab & the Republic: Uncovering the French Headscarf Debate

Scott, Joan W.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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Unveiling Shi’i Religious Identities: Case Studies of Hijab in Culturally Homogeneous Canadian Schools

Al-Fartousi, May
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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This qualitative case study explored 10 young female Shi’i Muslim Arabic-Canadian students’ experiences associated with wearing the Hijab (headscarf) within their home, community, and predominantly White Canadian public elementary school environments. The study integrated several bodies of scholarly theories in order to examine the data under a set of comprehensive lenses that more fully articulates and theorizes on the diversity of female Shi’i Muslim Canadian students’ experiences. These theories are: identity theories with a focus on religious identity and negative stereotypes associated with Muslims; feminism and the Hijab discourses; research pertaining to Muslims in school settings; and critical race theory. In order to readdress the dearth of information about Shi’is’ experiences in schools, this study provides an in-depth case study analysis in which the methodology strategies included 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews, 2 focus-group meetings, and the incorporation of the researcher’s fieldnotes. Data analysis revealed the following themes corresponding to participants’ experiences and values in their social worlds of home, community, and schools: (a) martyrdom and self-sacrifice as a means for social justice; (b) transformational meaning of the Hijab; (c) intersectionality between culture...

Unveiling The Headscarf Debate

LYON, Dawn; SPINI, Debora
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Discourses and counter discourses: The Islamic headscarf in the French and German public spheres

AMIR-MOAZAMI, Schirin
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
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Ausgehend von den anhaltenden Debatten um das islamische Kopftuch in staatlichen Bildungseinrichtungen Deutschlands und Frankreichs analysiert Schirin Amir-Moazami die Logiken der Diskursproduktion über den Islam und bringt die Argumente der Kritiker mit den Stimmen Kopftuch tragender junger Musliminnen ins Gespräch. Die Studie zeichnet nach, wie die wachsende Partizipation sichtbarer Muslime, hier symbolisiert durch das Kopftuch, im dominanten Diskurs beider Länder Abwehrreaktionen provoziert und der Islam mehrheitlich als Gegenkategorie zu jeweils national geprägten Säkularitätskonzepten begriffen wird. Zugleich zeigt sie, wie die jungen Frauen in die Diskurstraditionen beider Länder eingebettet sind und sich in komplexen Aushandlungsprozessen engagieren.; Defence date: 13 October 2004; Examining board: Prof. Christian Joppke (EUI-Supervisor) ; Prof. Werner Schiffauer (University of Viadriana - Second Supervisor) ; Prof. Peter Wagner (EUI) ; Prof. Nilüfer Göle (Ecoles des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales)

Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro Formato: 19456 bytes; image/jpeg
EN
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This informative collection investigates the European dimension of multiculturalism and immigration. It argues that political theory discourse of multiculturalism and resulting EU policies assume an interpretation of liberalism developed chiefly from the American experience, and that this issue must be addressed as the European experience is entirely different (with the main influx being non-white, ethnic and religious groups challenging liberalism and existing notions of citizenship). Presenting a fresh and unique perspective of multiculturalism and citizenship in Western Europe today, this book offers a comparative series of national case studies by a diverse range of leading scholars that together provide a theoretical framework for the volume as a whole. The contributors investigate the extent to which we can talk about a common Europe-wide multiculturalism debate, or whether here too there is a Europe of two (or more) gears, in which some countries address multicultural claims swiftly whilst others lag behind, busy with more basic issues of immigrant acceptance and integration.; 1. European Challenges to Multicultural Citizenship: Muslims, Secularism and Beyond Anna Triandafyllidou, Tariq Modood, Ricard Zapata-Barrero 2. Multiculturalism...

A rights-based discourse to contest the boundaries of state secularism? The case of the headscarf bans in France and Turkey

BARRAS, Amélie
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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(Product of workshop No. 10 at the 9th MRM 2008).

Politics of Diversity: Sexual and Religious Self-fashioning in Contemporary and Historical Contexts

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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Scott’s seminal book ‘Politics of the Veil’ (2007) offers a multifaceted analysis of the French headscarf debate since its emergence in 1989 and a critique of French republican universalism which constructs veiled women as ‘others’ who transgress the attempts to carve a unified imaginary of France. This work provided a fruitful ground to engage with questions of ‘difference’ and ‘belonging’ from a multidisciplinary and gendered perspective. Two broad interpretative approaches can be discerned in the following papers: a structural, perspective which seeks to examine the way ‘otherness’ is regulated and shaped; a postcolonial dimension of this discussion. The papers collected here thus provide a rich set of perspectives upon how ‘difference’ is shaped, contested and negotiated in a juridical, sociological and historical dimension The themes addressed trespass the sole question of the place of religion in the public sphere, or the question of ‘integration’ and cultural diversity, but they rather demonstrate how a semblance of homogeneity and coherence is shaped through this regulation of difference. It is this regulation of difference that lies at the heart of the current political conjuncture, as the question of Europe’s identity turns into a central societal and political preoccupation.; The papers collected here were presented and discussed in the workshop ‘Politics of diversity. Sexual and religious self-fashioning in contemporary and historical contexts’. The workshop was organized in April 2009 by the Department of History and Civilization and the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies on the occasion of Prof. Joan Scott’s invitation to the annual Ursula Hirschman lecture on Gender and Europe.

Embodiment of Tolerance in Discourses and Practices Addressing Cultural Diversity in Schools: Alevi Claims on the Compulsory Courses on Religious Culture and Morality, and Headscarf Issue in Higher Education

KAYA, Ayhan; HARMANYERI, Ece
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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Work Package 3: National Case Studies of Challenges to Tolerance in School Life; The ACCEPT PLURALISM project (2010-2013) is funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities. (Call FP7-SSH-2009-A, Grant Agreement no: 243837). Coordinator: Prof. Anna Triandafyllidou, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute.

International Human Rights Law and the Islamic Headscarf: A short note on the positions of the European Court of Human Rights and the Human Rights Committee

SCHEININ, Martin
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
EN
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The Limits of Populism: Accommodative headscarf policies in Austria, Denmark, and the Netherlands

HADJ-ABDOU, Leila; ROSENBERGER, Sieglinde; SAHARSO, Sawitri; SIIM, Birte
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
EN
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The presence of Islam and Muslim practices are a matter of fierce contestation in many immigration receiving states in Western Europe. As a consequence of this politicization many European policy makers have decided to restrict the wearing of the female Muslim headscarf. Austria, Denmark and the Netherlands contradict this trend. Despite the fact, that all the three countries have strong right-wing political parties, they have regulated the headscarf in the mid-2000s in a accommodative manner. This article gives an overview about the policy regulations in place and analyzes this puzzling phenomenon.

Muslim Women’s Participation in the Veil Controversy: Austria and the UK compared

HADJ-ABDOU, Leila; WOODHEAD, Linda
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
EN
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This article compares the involvement of Muslim women in the public debates around the Muslim headscarf in the UK and Austria. It explains differences and similarities regarding the patterns of female Muslim mobilization between these two countries.

Two Concepts of Religious Freedom in the European Court of Human Rights

BHUTA, Nehal
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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This paper considers the way in which recent historical work on the history of freedom of religion and freedom of conscience opens up a new interpretation of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights in the headscarf cases. These decisions have been widely criticized as adopting a militantly secularist approach to the presence of Islamic religious symbols in the public sphere, an approach that seems inconsistent or even overtly discriminatory in light of the court’s recent decision in Lautsi that the compulsory display of crucifixes in the classroom did not breach Italy’s convention obligations. I argue that the headscarf cases turn less on the balance between state neutrality and religious belief, than on an understanding of certain religious symbols as a threat to public order and as harbingers of sectarian strife which undermine democracy.

Hijabophobia revisited: Kopftuchdebatten und –politiken in Europa: Ein Überblick über das Forschungsprojekt VEIL; Hijabophobia Revisited: Headscarf debates and policies in Europe. An overview about the research project VEIL

HADJ-ABDOU, Leila; GRESCH, Nora; ROSENBERGER, Sieglinde; SAUER, Birgit
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
DE
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Consideraciones sobre el velo islámico en las clases de educación física; Considerations on the islamic headscarf in PE classes

Contreras Jordán, Onofre Ricardo; Pastor Vicedo, Juan Carlos
Fonte: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Editum Publicador: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Editum
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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El debate sobre el uso del velo islámico es un hecho que ocupa con frecuencia los diferentes medios de comunicación. Este uso del velo puede suponer la aparición de ciertos estereotipos o actitudes prejuiciosas entre los docentes de Educación Física. Por ello, este trabajo trata de ofrecer un conocimiento más profundo sobre la mujer islámica y el uso del pañuelo como elemento cultural distintivo, así como sus implicaciones dentro de las clases de Educación Física; ABSTRACT: The debate about the Islamic headscarf is a fact often commented in different Medias. This may involve the appearance of certain stereotypes and prejudicial attitudes among Physical Education teachers. Therefore, this paper seeks to provide a deeper understanding of Islamic women and the headscarf as a distinctive part of their culture and its implications within the physical education classes

Égalité ou Réalité: Where Do Muslims Truly Reside in Today’s France?

Davis, Michael A.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 91 p. ;
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In this study, the author focuses on France, exclusively, to illuminate the potential causes for material and/or ideological support to terror in that society, and further indicates how these trends may be evident or potential throughout Western societies. As in recent years, the word "Muslim" has become synonymous with terror in the daily lexica of France and other Western societies, this thesis demonstrates that terrorism is not a spontaneous or stand-alone problem. Terror and other forms of extremism in France--whether imminent or imagined--mark an end form of the true issue: social exclusion, or alienation, or isolation of French Muslims. French society's Republican values of liberty, equality, and fraternity make no distinction for such identity factors as ethnicity and religion. This study focused on the French headscarf ban, with its goal of promoting integration. This thesis demonstrates that the wearing of headscarves by Muslim girls in French society was manifested as a challenge to French identity and the tradition of laiÌ citeÌ , or secularism. These ideas, and others central to French-ness, are seen in the French polity as threatening, as well as a visual representation to the threat posed by the influx of Muslim immigrants and their failure to assimilate. This thesis concludes by demonstrating that issues such as racism...

Religion and Clothing: the Capabilities Approach Considered

Berges, Sandrine
Fonte: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM) Publicador: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Proponents of the capabilities approach claim that it should be used to give guidance for the implementation of good constitutional laws. This suggests that it also gives us grounds to support attempts to create or protect constitutions based on something like the capabilities approach. The Turkish Republic claims that in order to protect secularism and the equal status of women, it needs to keep certain Islamic practices away from the public domain. The wearing of the headscarf has been singled out as such a practice, and the Turkish Republic has therefore legislated against headscarf wearing in schools, universities, and government buildings. In consequence many women are forced to choose between religion over education and politics in a way that curtails central human capabilities. Nussbaum claims that the best way to help states resolve the dilemma presented by the conflict between religious choice and other central capabilities is to refer to principles embodied in to the US Religious Freedom Restoration Act 1993, which states that a law can burden a person's exercise of religion only when the burden is a furtherance of a compelling state interest. In this paper I consider how this advice partly vindicates the Turkish case and how the solution it yields is in many ways more satisfactory than that of more traditional approaches in political philosophy.

Ni hypersexualisées ni voilées ! Tensions et enjeux croisés dans les discours sur l’hypersexualisation et le port du voile «islamique» au Québec

Mercier, Élisabeth
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Cette thèse identifie une cooccurrence des discours à propos de l’hypersexualisation des jeunes filles et ceux concernant le port du voile islamique qui sont, depuis quelques années, au cœur des préoccupations sociales au Québec comme ailleurs en Occident. Plus spécifiquement, elle propose une « économie générale des discours » (Foucault, 1976) contemporains sur l’hypersexualisation et le port du voile, dans une perspective conjoncturelle, par et à travers trois contextes d'analyse particuliers : féministe, médiatique et public. Elle démontre comment l’hypersexualisation et le port du voile sont problématisés (Foucault, 2001/1984), c'est-à-dire qu’ils sont posés comme nouveaux problèmes sociaux engendrant et cristallisant bon nombre de craintes et d’anxiétés contemporaines. Ainsi, la thèse est composée de trois chapitres centraux qui reprennent chacun des contextes de problématisation identifiés. Le chapitre intitulé « Féminisme(s) et égalité des sexes », avance que l’égalité des sexes est invoquée comme valeur moderne, féministe et québécoise par excellence et qu’elle participe, à ce titre, de la problématisation du port du voile et de l’hypersexualisation. Le chapitre suivant...

The Muslim Headscarf and Face Perception: “They All Look the Same, Don't They?”

Toseeb, Umar; Bryant, Eleanor J.; Keeble, David R. T.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/02/2014 EN
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The headscarf conceals hair and other external features of a head (such as the ears). It therefore may have implications for the way in which such faces are perceived. Images of faces with hair (H) or alternatively, covered by a headscarf (HS) were used in three experiments. In Experiment 1 participants saw both H and HS faces in a yes/no recognition task in which the external features either remained the same between learning and test (Same) or switched (Switch). Performance was similar for H and HS faces in both the Same and Switch condition, but in the Switch condition it dropped substantially compared to the Same condition. This implies that the mere presence of the headscarf does not reduce performance, rather, the change between the type of external feature (hair or headscarf) causes the drop in performance. In Experiment 2, which used eye-tracking methodology, it was found that almost all fixations were to internal regions, and that there was no difference in the proportion of fixations to external features between the Same and Switch conditions, implying that the headscarf influenced processing by virtue of extrafoveal viewing. In Experiment 3, similarity ratings of the internal features of pairs of HS faces were higher than pairs of H faces...

France and the Headscarf: Exploring Discrimination through Laïcité and a Colonial Legacy

Tropper, Samantha
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 24/06/2013 EN_US
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On March 15, 2004, the lives of veiled Muslim women in France changed. A new law banned the Islamic headscarf in all public schools, claiming laïcité—secularism—as its reasoning. But this law was not solely the product of Islamophobia leftover from 9/11. It had been building for generations on a history of colonialism in North Africa as well as post-decolonization attitudes about immigration and Islam in the international sphere. This paper aims to disentangle this complicated concept of laïcité and how it has been manipulated in the past century to create a so-called “neutral” public sphere in which Muslims are placed in a subordinate position. Through an analysis of colonialism and its remnants as well as Islamophobia that has resulted from more current events portrayed in the media, this paper outlines the development of Arab and Muslim discrimination in France. In the final chapter, interviews from Muslim individuals in France are used to give them a proper voice in this debate, in which they are so often left unheard. Their stories act as the impetus to promote prolonged research and development of this topic in the future as events continue to unfold in France.; honors thesis 2013

Legislative prohibitions on wearing a headscarf: Are they justified?

Osman,F
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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A headscarf, a simple piece of cloth that covers the head, is a controversial garment that carries various connotations and meanings. While it may be accepted as just another item of clothing when worn by non-Muslim women, it is often the subject of much controversy when worn by Muslim women. In recent years the headscarf has been described as a symbol of Islam's oppression of women and simultaneously of terrorism. As the debate regarding the acceptability of the headscarf in the modern world continues, an increasing number of states have legislated to ban the wearing of the headscarf. This article critically examines the reasons underlying these bans and argues that these prohibitions are not justified. It does this by first analysing the place of the headscarf in Islam, its religious basis and its significance to Muslim women. It argues that the headscarf is more than just a mere religious symbol and that Muslim women wear the headscarf as a matter of religious obligation. The headscarf is considered to be an important religious practice protected by the right to freedom of religion. Thereafter the article examines legislative bans on the headscarf in France, Turkey and Switzerland in order to identify the most popular justifications advanced by states and courts for banning the headscarf. It critically evaluates the justifications for protecting secularism...