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Industrialização e políticas de desenvolvimento regional: o Vale do Paraíba Paulista na segunda metade do século XX; Industrialization and regional development politics: the Vale do Paraíba Paulista in the second half of twenty century

Vieira, Edson Trajano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
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Na história econômica do capitalismo, a busca pelo desenvolvimento econômico sempre esteve associada à industrialização. Os países que fizeram a primeira e a segunda revolução industrial são aqueles considerados desenvolvidos e esse caminho da industrialização passa ser a grande busca dos países em desenvolvimento. Vários deles conseguiram êxito no século XX, entre eles, o Brasil. Entretanto, com a internacionalização da produção e a inovação tecnológica mais intensa, a industrialização não resolveu o problema do subdesenvolvimento. A produtividade econômica não resultou na produtividade social. O objetivo da tese foi analisar essa relação entre industrialização e desenvolvimento econômico e os limites das políticas públicas regionais nesse processo. Em especial, como ocorreu em escala regional no Estado de São Paulo e, sobretudo, no Vale do Paraíba paulista, após a segunda guerra mundial. A partir do levantamento de séries de informações quantitativas históricas, mesmo limitadas em relação ao desenvolvimento, foi possível concluir que as políticas de desenvolvimento econômico no Vale do Paraíba tiveram êxito em relação ao crescimento econômico, mas falharam em relação ao processo de distribuição espacial da renda...

Deadly Alliances: Death, Disease, and the Global Politics of Public Health

Gandy, Matthew
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Most people threatened by AIDS, tuberculosis, and unsafe drinking water are poor and have little or no influence over the global politics of public health

The politics of researching global health politics : Comment on "Knowledge, moral claims and the exercise of power in global health"

Rushton, Simon
Fonte: Kerman University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/03/2015 EN
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In this comment, I build on Shiffman’s call for the global health community to more deeply investigate structural and productive power. I highlight two challenges we must grapple with as social scientists carrying out the types of investigation that Shiffman proposes: the politics of challenging the powerful; and the need to investigate types of expertise that have traditionally been thought of as ‘outside’ global health. In doing so, I argue that moving forward with the agenda Shiffman sets out requires social scientists interested in the global politics of health to be reflexive about our own exercise of structural and productive power and the fact that researching global health politics is itself a political undertaking.

Challenging Expert Rule: The Politics of Global Governance

Kennedy, David W.
Fonte: Faculty of Law, University of Sydney Publicador: Faculty of Law, University of Sydney
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In my Julius Stone Memorial Address, I explored the hypothesis that everyday decisions made by the professionals who manage norms and institutions which seem to lie in the background of global politics may be more important to global wealth and poverty than what we customarily think of as the big political and economic decisions made by parliaments and presidents or brought about by war and peace. If you have the energy to protest, criticise and change the distribution of wealth and status in our newly globalised world, it can be hard to locate points at which allocative decisions can be politically contested. The urgent political disputes that become international front-page news can seem peripheral to the decisions responsible for the distribution of things in the world. Although meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or the G–7 (Group of Seven) provide useful backdrops for street protest and media attention, it is not clear that the decisions being taken inside those meeting rooms are either meaningfully responsible for global distributions of wealth and power or contestable in conventional political terms. Although it is easy to think of international affairs as a rolling sea of politics over which we have managed to throw but a thin net of legal rules...

Is Health Politics Different?

Carpenter, Daniel Paul
Fonte: Annual Reviews Publicador: Annual Reviews
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The aging of the global population, combined with changes in technology and cultural understandings of disease and the body, have thrust discussion and contestation over health into the center of local, national, and global politics. Is the politics of health different from the politics of other policy domains? On a number of dimensions, I conclude that it is. Voters and politicians in the developed world appear more likely to accept redistributive claims with respect to health than they are in other policy areas. Nations vary less widely in spending on health than on other functions of government and policy. Moral claims made about health are more likely to attach to its politics than are moral claims about the environment, labor, finance, and energy. More than these other realms, health politics encompasses issues regarding identity, the human body, and other personal matters that endow the health arena with greater significance. Bureaucratic agencies of state are more involved in the provision and regulation of health politics than in other areas, and the science-related nature of state expertise allows medical science itself to be sculpted in deeply political and administrative ways. The article concludes with reasons why political scientists should approach cross-policy generalizations cautiously...

Global Capitalism, Immigrant Labor, and the Struggle for Justice

Robinson, William I.; Santos, Xuan
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Around the world borders are militarized, states are stepping up repressive anti-immigrant controls, and native publics are turning immigrants into scapegoats for the spiraling crisis of global capitalism. The massive displacement and primitive accumulation unleashed by free trade agreements and neo-liberal policies, as well as state and “private” violence has resulted in a virtually inexhaustible immigrant labor reserve for the global economy. State controls over immigration and immigrant labor have several functions for the system: 1) state repression and criminalization of undocumented immigration make immigrants vulnerable and deportable and therefore subject to conditions of super-exploitation, super-control and hyper-surveillance; 2) anti-immigrant repressive apparatuses are themselves ever more important sources of accumulation, ranging from private for-profit immigrant detention centers, to the militarization of borders, and the purchase by states of military hardware and systems of surveillance. Immigrant labor is extremely profitable for the transnational corporate economy; 3) the anti-immigrant policies associated with repressive state apparatuses help turn attention away from the crisis of global capitalism among more privileged sectors of the working class and convert immigrant workers into scapegoats for the crisis...

Engendering international relations: what difference does second-generation feminism make?

True, Jacqui
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 213995 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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A first-generation of feminist scholarship on international relations challenged the implicitly gendered foundations of mainstream IR, including its masculine conceptual bias and state-centricity and the reliance on positivist ways of knowing. These feminist theoretical challenges cleared the path for new thinking and for the development of distinctly gendered approaches to international relations. A second generation of feminist IR scholarship is now emerging, in which empirical research is strengthening and expanding on those earlier theoretical advances. Here, I explore these second-generation efforts to combine gendered theory with close empirical study of global/local processes. These efforts offer a number of lessons for how we might conduct our future scholarship. By showing—not telling—how gender is relevant to global politics, the insights from these studies can build upon one another in impressive ways. As such, they promise to speak to major concerns of feminist and ‘mainstream’ IR scholars alike.; yes

A Living Tradition: The Holy See, catholic social doctrine, and global politics, 1965-2000

STUMMVOLL, A. Alexander
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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In this thesis I explore the question of how the Holy See translates its own normative vision into concrete diplomatic practice. Drawing upon Alasdair MacIntyre’s concept of a ‘living tradition’, I argue that Catholic Social Doctrine (CSD) is an exemplary case of a ‘historically extended, socially embodied argument’ about the good life that provides the Holy See with a source of inspiration and advice, shapes its perception of global politics, constitutes its identity and preferences, and constrains its diplomatic practice. However, due to its ‘living’ nature, CSD does not provide blueprints for action and falls short of determining papal diplomacy in global politics. A living religious tradition needs to be inherited, interpreted, and incarnated. This process is complicated and leads to political and ethical policy dilemmas as well as to changing patterns of conflict and cooperation with other international actors. I will examine this problematique in the context of four major case studies of papal diplomacy in the post-Second Vatican Council era: the Vietnam War, the Polish crisis in the early 1980s, the United Nations (UN) conferences on population control and women in Cairo and Beijing in the mid-1990s, and the Jubilee 2000 anti-debt campaign. My research findings have four broader implications. First...

The politics of financial markets and regulation : The United States, Japan, and Germany

Fonte: Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Palgrave Macmillan
Tipo: Livro
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In the post-Bretton Woods era, the advent of ever-expanding capital markets beyond national borders led to a series of financial reforms in many industrial economies. In comparing reform cases across different time periods in the United States, Japan, and Germany, Sara Konoe stresses the role of dynamic interactions between institutions and political contexts in determining reform paths. In non-crisis periods, regulatory fragmentation is utilized by financial sectors to pursue their demands for liberalization, though those in self-regulating or monopolized markets resist the agenda of liberalization. A time of crisis empowers reformers to restructure the financial regulatory structure and markets and enables the tightening of regulation. By drawing out key implications for global politics, Konoe sheds light on what types of reform dynamics come into play in the formation of global financial governance while considering the impact of regional-level institutionalization in the EU and EMU.; -- List of Figures and Tables -- Acknowledgments -- List of Acronyms -- Part I The Problem under Analysis -- 1 Domestic Responses to Global Shifts -- Part II The Impact of Regulatory and Political Fragmentation -- 2 Financial Liberalization -- 3 Restructuring Markets and Regulators -- 4 Financial Politics: Case Analysis and the Implications of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis -- Part III Implications for Global Financial Governance -- 5 Domestic Politics and Global Governance -- Notes -- References -- Index

Energy Security and Global Politics, The militarization of resource management

Moran, Daniel; Russell, James A.
Fonte: Routledge global security studies Publicador: Routledge global security studies
Tipo: Livro
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Book edited by Daniel Moran and James A. Russell. PDF is just of the Introduction to the book.; This book analyzes the strategic dimensions of energy security, particularly where energy resources may become the object of military competition. The volume explores the diverse risks that may arise from conditions of increasing economic competition and resource scarcity, and the full range of problems that may follow if major producers or consumers of energy lose confidence in the equity and efficiency of the market, and resort instead to the use of force to secure access to energy. It surveys the strategic outlook of both producer and consumer states, with emphasis on nations or regions (Central Asia, Russia, China, Venezuela, the Persian Gulf) where unstable or rapidly evolving political conditions may undermine the currently prevailing market consensus. It also examines the role of the United States as the chief guarantor of the global economy, and the challenge this unique role poses for its exercise of military power. The book contends that while the global energy market may be largely self-regulating, it is not self-defending. A failure to consider how it can be most effectively defended from emerging and potential challenges merely heightens the risk that those challenges may some day become real. This book will be of interest to students of energy policy...

The New Global Politics of Poverty

Noël, Alain
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In recent years, governments, international institutions, and a broad array of social movements have converged around what an OECD report has described as an emerging “global anti-poverty consensus.” This new global social policy agenda has changed the terms of the debate between the left and the right, and redefined the world of policy possibilities, in global but also in domestic politics. This article proposes a constructivist interpretation of this multi-scale shift in discourse, and discusses the political and policy implications of the new global politics of poverty.

The Politics of Preparation: Delegated decisions, arguing and constitutional choice in Europe

REH, Christine
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
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Defence date: 10 December 2007; Examining board: Prof. Adrienne Héritier (EUI, Florence)(Supervisor) ; Prof. Frank Schimmelfennig (ETH, Zürich) ; Prof. Andy Smith (IEP, Bordeaux) ; Prof. Helen Wallace (EUI/RSCAS, Florence); This project investigates a ubiquitous yet under-studied phenomenon in national, European and global politics: delegated preparation, defined as those negotiations through which civil servants or experts "pre-cook" political choice in multi-level decision-processes. While examples are legion-reaching from legislative drafting in national ministries to the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER) in the European Union (EU)- the project focuses on preparation in complex international negotiations, and chooses EU Intergovernmental Conferences (IGCs) as empirical case. Claiming that a look beyond the tip of the "decision-iceberg" will gain us deeper insights into how and by whom Europe has been constitutionalised, I tackle two wider questions: 1) What is preparation and what can it do? and 2) Under what conditions will preparation be effective? Linked to an understanding of international negotiation as a "thick" social process, I argue, first, that the key to preparatory effectiveness lies in a particular set of collective resources as a necessary condition...

Changing the world or reacting to a changed world? : the global politics of population after the International Conference on Population and Development

Foskey, Deborah
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
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This thesis explores the global politics of population and reproduction since 1994, when the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was held in Cairo. The thesis is presented within the disciplinary framework of International Relations in the understanding that debates about population and reproduction are intensely political. The central question is "Did the ICPD change the world, and if not, why not?" based upon the statement made by Nafis Sadik who, in 1994, was the Executive Director of UNFPA. Sadik's statement reflected the views of many in the international women's health movement, which played a major role in setting the agenda for the ICPD, as the thesis outlines. The thesis is organised in six chapters, analysing the micro and macro aspects of ICPD's Programme of Action (POA). It explores the transformative aspects of ICPD which are found in its micro agenda of women's empowerment, reproductive rights and reproductive health. The key concepts are explored and debates about them within the broad and diverse feminist movement, as well as with the conservative opponents, are analysed in the thesis. The macro context necessary for the achievement of the POA's micro agenda was inadequately considered by the major players at ICPD and...

The politics of education for globalisation: managed activism in a time of crisis

Biccum, April R.
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Since the 1990s, governments of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have begun to promote their foreign aid politics domestically via global education. This policy remit has its origins in civil society and has been combined with a stated aim on the part of governments to prepare populations for globalisation, but also to convince populations of the need for increased aid spending in the context of various challenges, including calls for aid effectiveness, large-scale protest by the metropolitan left and rising parochialisms that diminish cosmopolitan world views. In the context of the apparent spontaneity of political mobilisation globally, this article seeks to qualify the optimism of the political sociology and social movements literature on the network society by comparing two OECD government remits for global/development education in the UK and Australia, which are attempts to manage or socially engineer civic activism and engagement. The problem which this article addresses is that, on the face of it, state funding of ‘global education’ appears to be a success of the activism of educators combined with the networked advocacy efforts of development non-governmental organisations, except that it has occurred in tension with international drivers to use education to further global economic competitiveness and governments' desire to promote their own foreign aid spending in a climate of falling legitimacy. This phenomenon of state funding for global education might be considered an elaboration of network politics...

Global Nonkilling Leadership First Forum Proceeding

Fonte: Hawaii : Glenn D. Paige and Joám Evans Pim, 2008. Publicador: Hawaii : Glenn D. Paige and Joám Evans Pim, 2008.
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
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341 p.; Libro Electrónico; This book is offered for consideration and critical reflection primarily by political science scholars throughout the world from beginning students to professors emeriti. Neither age nor erudition seems to make much difference in the prevailing assumption that killing is an inescapable part of the human condition that must be accepted in political theory and practice. It is hoped that readers will join in questioning this assumption and will contribute further stepping stones of thought and action toward a nonkilling global future.; Este libro se ofrece a la consideración y la reflexión crítica sobre todo por los estudiosos de ciencias políticas en todo el mundo desde el principio a los estudiantes a los profesores eméritos. Ni la edad ni la erudición parece hacer mucha diferencia en la suposición dominante de que matar es una parte ineludible de la condición humana que debe ser aceptado en la teoría y la práctica política. Se espera que los lectores se unan a cuestionar este supuesto y que contribuirá aún más peldaños de pensamiento y acción hacia un futuro no alcanzar global.; The long history of nonviolent cross-border interventions in situations of conflict constitutes a rich source of practical experience...

Policy legacies and the politics of labour immigration selection and control: the processes and dynamics shaping national-level policy decisions during the recent wave of international migration

Wright, Christopher F
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Department of Politics and International Studies; Darwin College Publicador: University of Cambridge; Department of Politics and International Studies; Darwin College
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
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The two decades preceding the global financial crisis of 2008 saw an increase in international migration flows. This development was accompanied by the relaxation of immigration entry controls for select categories of foreign workers across the developed world. The scale of labour immigration, and the categories of foreign workers granted entry, varied considerably across states. To some extent, these developments transcended the traditional classifications of comparative immigration politics. This thesis examines the reform process in two states with contrasting policy legacies that adopted liberal labour immigration selection and control policies during the abovementioned period. The instrumental role that immigration has played in the process of nation-building in Australia has led it to be classified as a ?traditional destination state? with a positive immigration policy legacy. By contrast, immigration has not been significant in the formation of national identity in the United Kingdom. It has a more negative immigration policy legacy and is generally regarded as a ?reluctant state?. Examining the reasons for liberal shifts in labour immigration policy in two states with different immigration politics allows insights to be gained into the processes of policy-making and the dynamics that underpin it. In Australia...

Critical Realism: an Ethical Approach to Global Politics

Lee, Ming-Whey Christine
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 1847641 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
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My dissertation, Critical Realism: An Ethical Approach to Global Politics, investigates two strands of modern political realism and their divergent ethics, politics, and modes of inquiry: the mid- to late 20th century realism of Hans Morgenthau and E.H. Carr and the scientific realism of contemporary International Relations scholarship. Beginning with the latter, I engage in (1) immanent analysis to show how scientific realism fails to meet its own explanatory protocol and (2) genealogy to recover the normative origins of the conceptual and analytical components of scientific realism. Against the backdrop of scientific realism's empirical and normative shortcomings, I turn to Morgenthau and Carr to appraise what I term their critical realism. I map out the constellation of their political thought by reconstructing the interrelations between (1) the historical crises motivating their writings, (2) their philosophical and methodological criticisms and commitments, (3) their political prescriptions and ethics. My dissertation demonstrates how reading realist texts through the lens of contemporary methodological conventions decisively shapes our theoretical purview, empirical knowledge, and political judgments. Beyond illuminating the underappreciated radical...

Transnacionalidade: um fator essencial para a compreensão dos povos indígenas e de sua atuação na política global

Silva, Rodolfo Ilário; Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Fonte: Meridiano 47; Meridiano 47 Publicador: Meridiano 47; Meridiano 47
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2013 POR
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Este artigo tem o objetivo de oferecer algumas reflexões sobre a transnacionalidade, identificada como um aspecto característico tanto da configuração política e social interna dos povos indígenas como das suas formas de atuação política no ambiente global. The main purpose of this article is to present some important reflections about the transnationality, an aspect that characterizes both the internal and external configuration of the indigenous society and politics. 

From local to global: contextualizing women's sexual health in the shadow of AIDS – Book review: AIDS, sex and culture: global politics and survival in South Africa by Ida Susser

Campbell, Catherine
Fonte: Sage Publicador: Sage
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2009 EN; EN
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Book review: Susser, Ida, "AIDS, sex and culture: Global politics and survival in South Africa" (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009) ISBN: 9781405155878; ISBN: 9781405155861.

The Iberian Union and the Portuguese Overseas Empire, 1600-1625: Ormuz and the Persian Gulf in the Global Politics of the Hispanic Monarchy

Borges,Graça Almeida
Fonte: Universidade do Porto; Brown University Publicador: Universidade do Porto; Brown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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This article analyzes how the Portuguese overseas empire was integrated into the global politics of the Hispanic monarchy. By studying the conflict of Ormuz in the period between 1600 and 1625 and by seeking parallels with other conflicts scattered throughout the different regions of the empire, it seeks to demonstrate that the evolution of the Portuguese overseas territories during the Iberian union largely depended on the geopolitical priorities of Castile, something which contradicts the thesis of Portuguese political autonomy that historiography has long defended.