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Genetic variability of Brazilian isolates of Alternaria alternata detected by AFLP and RAPD techniques; Variabilidade genética de isolados Brasileiros de Alternaria alternata por meio de marcadores moleculares de AFLP e RAPD

DINI-ANDREOTE, Francisco; PIETROBON, Vivian Cristina; ANDREOTE, Fernando Dini; ROMÃO, Aline Silva; SPÓSITO, Marcel Bellato; ARAÚJO, Welington Luiz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The Alternaria brown spot (ABS) is a disease caused in tangerine plants and its hybrids by the fungus Alternaria alternata f. sp. citri which has been found in Brazil since 2001. Due to the recent occurrence in Brazilian orchards, the epidemiology and genetic variability of this pathogen is still an issue to be addressed. Here it is presented a survey about the genetic variability of this fungus by the characterization of twenty four pathogenic isolates of A. alternata f. sp. citri from citrus plants and four endophytic isolates from mango (one Alternaria tenuissima and three Alternaria arborescens). The application of two molecular markers Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) had revealed the isolates clustering in distinct groups when fingerprintings were analyzed by Principal Components Analysis (PCA). Despite the better assessment of the genetic variability through the AFLP, significant modifications in clusters components were not observed, and only slight shifts in the positioning of isolates LRS 39/3 and 25M were observed in PCA plots. Furthermore, in both analyses, only the isolates from lemon plants revealed to be clustered, differently from the absence of clustering for other hosts or plant tissues. Summarizing...

Biologia Reprodutiva, estrutura populacional e variabilidade genética de Larus dominicanus; Breeding biology, population structure and genetic variability of Larus dominicanus

Dantas, Gisele Pires de Mendonça
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/10/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Larus dominicanus é uma espécie de ampla distribuição no Hemisfério Sul, que se reproduz em ilhas próximas ao continente. Esta espécie vem apresentando grande expansão populacional nas últimas décadas, devido ao seu hábito generalista e sua alta capacidade competitiva. O crescimento de sua população tem causado o deslocamento de diversas outras espécies de aves e mamíferos marinhos de seus sítios reprodutivos, devido ao constante impacto da predação e parasitismo. Todas essas características tem feito com que muitos pesquisadores considerem essa espécie como uma praga nos ambientes costeiros. Dessa forma, estudos que busquem compreender biologia e evolução são fundamentais para a criação de futuros planos de manejo e conservação da assembléia de aves marinhas na costa brasileira. O presente estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar a biologia reprodutiva de L. dominicanus, buscando determinar seu sucesso reprodutivo. Bem como avaliar a razão sexual de suas populações ao longo da costa brasileira e estimar a variabilidade genética de suas populações no litoral do Brasil. Para isto estudamos a biologia reprodutiva dessa espécie em uma colônia do estado de São Paulo. Observamos que L. dominicanus apresenta alto sucesso reprodutivo...

Variabilidade genética de adenovírus humano da espécie B, associados a casos de infecção respiratória aguda, em São Paulo, de 1995 a 2006; Genetic variability of human adenoviruses species B associated to acute respiratory disease in children from São Paulo, Brazil, from 1995 to 2006

Marinheiro, Juliana Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/09/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Adenovirus humanos são responsáveis por infecção respiratória aguda (IRA) em crianças e adultos, sendo os das espécies B e C mais frequêntes. Com o objetivo de estudar a variabilidade genética de HAdVs, 3087 amostras de aspirado de nasofaringe foram colhidas de crianças, em São Paulo, de 1995 à 2006. A PCR direcionada ao gene VA-RNA detectou 677 adenovírus (22%). O sequenciamento dos genes hexon, fibra e região E3 foram utilizados para determinar os sorotipos e estudar sua variabilidade genética. Dos 677 adenovírus, 69% são da espécie B, 23% da C e 0,7% da E. Variabilidades genéticas foram observadas em todas as regiões estudadas, por meio de mutações, evidenciadas por substituições, recombinações e deleções. Os genes que apresentaram maior variabilidade foram VA-RNA e E3 ORF7.7. Genomas virais de DNA, como dos adenovírus, podem se manter estáveis em condições diversas, contudo, a pressão sofrida por esses genomas, através da resposta imunológica do hospedeiro, fazem com que seu mecanismos evolutivos entrem em operação e variabilidades genéticas sejam observadas.; Human adenoviruses (HAdV) cause acute respiratory disease (ARD) in children and adults, being the adenovirus from species B and C the most frequently detected. With the aim of study the genetic variability of HAdV...

Variabilidade genética de Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) de meliponários; Genetic variability of Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) from meliponaries

Santiago, Leandro Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Grande parte da flora tropical brasileira é polinizada por abelhas, com destaque àquelas pertencentes à tribo Meliponini (abelhas sem ferrão). A espécie Tetragonisca angustula, conhecida popularmente como jataí, tem sido o alvo principal dos meliponicultores dada a sua abundância, fácil manejo, docilidade e pureza do mel. Contudo as práticas de divisão de ninho nos meliponários podem aumentar a estruturação genética e o isolamento populacional, assim como o endocruzamento. Isso causa a diminuição da heterozigose populacional e da variabilidade genética. Populações naturais desta espécie já foram estudadas, contudo a variabilidade genética de amostras de meliponários ainda não foi avaliada. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a variabilidade genética de Tetragonisca angustula provenientes de nove meliponários, fazendo uma correlação dessa variabilidade com as práticas de meliponicultura. O acesso a variabilidade genética foi realizado por meio da análise de nove lócus de microssatélites e o sequenciamento parcial de dois genes mitocondriais. Um total de 430 indivíduos (um por ninho) foram amostrados em: Pedreira (PED), Amparo (AMP), ambos em São Paulo; Marechal Cândido Rondon (MCR1 e MCR2), São Miguel do Iguaçu (SMI)...

Biomphalaria tenagophila: Genetic variability within intermediate snail hosts susceptible and resistant to Schistosoma mansoni infection

Da Silva, D.; Spada, RGM; Sobral-Hamaguchi, S. S.; Abdel-Hamid, Z.; Zuim, NRB; Zanotti-Magalhaes, E. M.; Magalhaes, L. A.; Ribeiro-Paes, J. T.
Fonte: Princeps Editions Publicador: Princeps Editions
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 43-49
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
DNA analysis by molecular techniques has significantly expanded the perspectives of the study and understanding of genetic variability in molluscs that ere vectors of schistosomiasis. In tire present study, the genetic variability of susceptible and resistant B. tenagophila strains to S. mansoni infection was investigated using amplification of their genomic DNA by RAPD-PCR. The products were analyzed by PAGE and stained with silver. The results showed pdymorphism between tested strains with four different primers. We found two bonds of 1,900 and 3,420 bp that were characteristic of the susceptible strains with primer 2. The primers 9 end 10 identified a single polymorphic bond that was also characteristic of (3,136 and 5,041 bp, respectively) susceptible snails. Two polymorphic bonds were detected by primer 15: one with 1 800 bp was characteristic of the resistant strain and the other with 1,700 do in the susceptible one. These results provide additional evidence showing that the RAPD-PCR technique is adequate for the study of polymorphisms in intermediate hosts snails of S. mansoni. The obtained results are expected to expend the knowledge about the genetic variability of the snails and to permit the future identification of genomic sequences specifically related to the resistance/susceptibility of Biompholario to the larval forms of S. mansoni.

Study of the genetic variability and similarity among and within Arachis villosulicarpa, A-pietrarellii and A-hypogaea through isoenzyme analysis

Galgaro, L.; Valls, JFM; Lopes, C. R.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 9-15
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Arachis villosulicarpa is a perennial species cultivated for its soft and tasty seeds by indigenous inhabitants of the Mate Grosso State, Brazil. Besides A. hypogaea, this species is considered as the only species of Arachis which represents a valuable food source for human consumption. Due to the lack of knowledge concerning the genetic diversity of A. villosulicarpa, this study was conducted to evaluate the genetic variability of the accessions from the Germplasm Collection of CENARGEN/EMBRAPA (Brasilia, DF, Brazil) and Institute Agronomico (IAC, Campinas, SP, Brazil). In addition, the genetic similarity between A. villosulicarpa, the related wild species A. pietrarellii, and the cultivated peanut A. hypogaea cv. Tatu was evaluated. From the entire sample analyzed of A. villosulicarpa, the accession from Institute Agronomico showed the highest indices of diversity for both enzymatic systems analyzed, pointing this accession as a promising source of genetic variability that must be preserved in the Germplasm Bank. A high level of genetic similarity was observed between A. pietrarellii and A. villosulicarpa, supporting previous suggestions that A. pietrarellii could be the ancestral progenitor species of A. villosulicarpa or that both species originated from a common ancestor.

Assessing genetic variability in bat species of Emballonuridae, Phyllostomidae, Vespertilionidae and Molossidae families (Chiroptera) by RFLP-PCR

Marchesin, S. R C; Beguelini, M. R.; Faria, K. C.; Moreira, P. R L; Morielle-Versute, E.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1164-1178
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
A PCR-RFLP analysis of the restriction pattern in nuclear (RAG2) and mitochondrial (12S/16S) gene sequences of bat species from the Molossidae, Phyllostomidae, Vespertilionidae, and Emballonuridae families produced a large number of fragments: 107 for RAG2 and 155 for 12S/16S combined in 139 and 402 haplotypes, respectively. The values detected for gene variation were low for both sequences (0.13 for RAG2 and 0.15 for 12S/16S) and reflected their conservative feature, reinforced by high values of inter- and intraspecies genetic identity (70-100%). The species with a high gene divergence were variable in the analyses of RAG2 (Eumops perotis, Artibeus lituratus, and Carollia perspicillata) and of 12S/16S (Nyctinomops laticaudatus, C. perspicillata, and Cynomops abrasus), and furthermore, one of them, C. perspicillata, also showed the highest intraspecific variation. The species that exhibited the lowest variation for both genes was Molossus rufus. In the families, the highest variation was observed in the Molossidae and this can be attributed to variation exhibited by Eumops and Nyctinomops species. The variations observed were interpreted as a natural variability within the species and genus that exhibited a conserved pattern in the two gene sequences in different species and family analyzed. Our data reinforce the idea that the analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear genes contribute to our knowledge of the diversity of New World bats. The genetic variability found in different taxa suggests that an additional diversity...

Genetic variability and phylogenetic aspects in species of the genus Macrobrachium

Guerra, A. L.; Lima, A. V. B.; Lucato Junior, R. V.; Chiachio, M. C.; Taddei, F. G.; Castiglioni, L.
Fonte: Funpec-editora Publicador: Funpec-editora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3646-3655
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The genus Macrobrachium includes prawns, which are widely distributed in lakes, floodplains, and rivers in tropical and subtropical regions of South America. This genus presents nearly 210 known species with great ecological and economic importance. However, few studies are related to the biology of these crustaceans. In this study, we analyzed the genetic variability and phylogenetic relationship between Macrobrachium amazonicum and Macrobrachium jelskii, which are closely related species. Additionally, they are syntopics and their taxonomy poses problems because it is difficult to differentiate between the species. We used the mitochondrial gene sequences COI and 16S rRNA to assess the genetic structure of these species in 3 populations that were collected from Tiete hydrographic basin (Sao Paulo State, Brazil). The interspecific comparison of samples that were collected at the same and different locations showed a low rate of genetic variability. This similarity was attributed to the recent introduction of these species in the regions that were sampled and the habitat conditions in which they inhabit. In addition, these results may be consistent with the hypothesis that they are a single species...

Genetic variability and differentiation among populations of the Azorean endemic gymnosperm Juniperus brevifolia: baseline information for a conservation and restoration perspective

Silva, Luís; Elias, Rui B.; Moura, Mónica; Meimberg, Harald; Dias, Eduardo
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/03/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
Copyright © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.; The Azorean endemic gymnosperm Juniperus brevifolia (Seub.) Antoine is a top priority species for conservation in Macaronesia, based on its ecological significance in natural plant communities. To evaluate genetic variability and differentiation among J. brevifolia populations from the Azorean archipelago, we studied 15 ISSR and 15 RAPD markers in 178 individuals from 18 populations. The average number of polymorphic bands per population was 65 for both ISSR and RAPD. The majority of genetic variability was found within populations and among populations within islands, and this partitioning of variability was confirmed by AMOVA. The large majority of population pairwise F ST values were above 0.3 and below 0.6. The degree of population genetic differentiation in J. brevifolia was relatively high compared with other species, including Juniperus spp. The genetic differentiation among populations suggests that provenance should be considered when formulating augmentation or reintroduction strategies.

Genetic variability of Triatoma flavida and Triatoma bruneri (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) by RAPD-PCR technique

Fraga,Jorge; Rodriguez,Jinnay; Fuentes,Omar; Hernández,Yenin; Castex,Mayda; Gonzalez,Raul; Fernández-Calienes,Aymé
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
The Triatominae (Hemiptera:Reduviidae) contains the principal and potential Chagas disease vectors present in Mexico, Central America and South America. Triatoma flavida and T. bruneri are Cuban species. These species are closely related according to morphology and were considered synonyms until 1981, when they were separated on the grounds of external characters of the body and the morphology of male genitalia. The present study seeks to analyze genetic polymorphism of T. flavida and T. bruneri populations using RAPD techniques, and to assess the genetic relationship between these species. Ten random primers were used to evaluate the genetic variability among species using RAPD-PCR. The genetic flow among them was calculated. The dendrogram based on calculated Jaccard distances showed two clearly distinguishable clusters which coincided with the studied species. Within each species, moderate genetic differentiation (Fst 0.05-0.15) and migration rates (N > 1) were found among populations, that reveal gene flow and genetic homogeneity. Between species, the Fst value showed a high genetic differentiation and the migration rate was insufficient to maintain genetic homogeneity, and confirmed the absence of gene flow between them. Our results confirm the genetic variability among T. flavida and T. bruneri species.

Genetic variability of a population of Aedes aegypti from Paraná, Brazil, using the mitochondrial ND4 gene

Twerdochlib,Adriana L.; Bonna,Ana C. Dalla; Leite,Selene S.; Chitolina,Rodrigo F.; Westphal,Betina; Navarro-Silva,Mario A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Genetic variability of a population of Aedes aegypti from Paraná, Brazil, using the mitochondrial ND4 gene. To analyze the genetic variability of populations of Aedes aegypti, 156 samples were collected from 10 municipalities in the state of Paraná, Brazil. A 311 base pairs (bp) region of the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (ND4) mitochondrial gene was examined. An analysis of this fragment identified eight distinct haplotypes. The mean genetic diversity was high (h = 0.702; p = 0.01556). AMOVA analysis indicated that most of the variation (67%) occurred within populations and the F ST value (0.32996) was highly significant. F ST values were significant in most comparisons among cities. The isolation by distance was not significant (r = -0.1216 and p = 0, 7550), indicating that genetic distance is not related to geographic distance. Neighbor-joining analysis showed two genetically distinct groups within Paraná. The DNA polymorphism and AMOVA data indicate a decreased gene flow in populations from Paraná, which can result in increased vectorial competence.

Assessment of genetic variability within and among coffee progenies and cultivars using RAPD markers

Silveira,Sheila Recepute; Ruas,Paulo Maurício; Ruas,Claudete de Fátima; Sera,Tumoru; Carvalho,Valdemar de Paula; Coelho,Alexandre Siqueira Guedes
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The RAPD technique associated with restriction digestion of genomic DNA was used to assess the genetic variability within and among nine populations of Coffea arabica, including six progenies belonging to the Sarchimor germplasm, the progeny PR 77054-40-10 (Catuaí Vermelho IAC 81 x Icatu), and two commercial cultivars (IAPAR 59 and Catuaí Vermelho IAC-81). These populations were evaluated using analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA), genetic similarity among progenies, and percentage of polymorphic loci. A total of 99 RAPD markers were evaluated of which 67 (67.67%) were polymorphic. AMOVA showed that 38.5% and 61.5% of the genetic variation was distributed among and within populations, respectively. The fixation index (F ST) of the genotypes was 0.385. The mean genetic variability estimated within populations ranged from 15.58 (IAPAR 59) to 8.27 (Catuaí Vermelho IAC 81). A distinct level of genetic variability was revealed for each of the coffee progenies and varieties studied. The methodology used in this investigation was useful to determine the genetic variability within and among C. arabica L. populations providing significant information for coffee breeding.

Structure and genetic variability in Nellore (Bos indicus) cattle by pedigree analysis

Vozzi,Pedro Alejandro; Marcondes,Cíntia Righetti; Magnabosco,Cláudio de Ulhôa; Bezerra,Luiz Antonio Framartino; Lôbo,Raysildo Barbosa
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Parameters based on the probability of gene origin were used to describe the genetic variability in strains of Nellore and polled Nellore (Bos indicus) cattle that participated in the Program for Genetic Improvement of the Nellore Breed (Programa de Melhoramento Genético da Raça Nelore). The effective number of founders was 87.2 for Nellore and 107.9 for polled Nellore, while the number of ancestors was 59.8 for Nellore and 61.5 for polled Nellore and the remaining genomes were 39.4 for Nellore and 34.5 for polled Nellore cattle. The results indicate an intense use (by artificial insemination) of some sires and the absence of subdivisions in the population. The family structure in the two breeds was mainly caused by the genetic contribution of the same sires and only mating preferences for descendants of some founders are recorded in either breed. The results suggest that genetic variability needs monitoring in order to avoid the compromise of genetic improvement in economically important traits in the breeding program.

Environmental interaction, additive and non-additive genetic variability is involved in the expression of tissue and whole-plant heat tolerance in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum. L)

Hafeez-ur-Rahman,
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Heat tolerance is measured at tissue level by cellular membrane thermostability (CMT) and at the whole plant level by the heat tolerance index (HTI). Eight upland cotton cultivars and 15 crosses were used to determine the type and extent of genetic variability associated with the expression of these traits between and within environments. Heat stress and non-stress conditions were used as the CMT environments and years for HTI. The wide variation in heterotic expression and combining ability effects observed for CMT and HTI suggest multigenic inheritance of these traits. Significant genetic variability across environments was evident but the traits were not highly heritable because of substantial environmental interaction. The available genetic variability included both additive and non-additive components, but the proportion of additive genetic variability was high for HTI. The parental cultivars CRIS-19 and CIM-448 were good donor parents for high CMT under heat-stressed conditions, and MNH-552 and N-Karishma under non-stressed conditions. Cultivar FH-634 was a good donor parent for HTI. The results show two types of general combining ability (GCA) inheritance among high CMT parents: positive GCA inheritance expressed by CRIS-19 in the presence of heat stress and MNH-552 and N-Karishma in the absence of heat stress; and negative GCA inheritance expressed by FH-900 in the presence of heat stress. It was also evident that genes controlling high CMT in cultivar CRIS-19 were different from those present in the MNH-552...

Genetic variability of Streptococcus mutans isolated from low-income families, as shown by RAPD markers

Moreira,Mônica; Vicente,Vânia Aparecida; Glienke,Chirlei
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The detection of Streptococcus mutans isolates with high genetic variability in different individuals indicates the occurrence of transmissibility. In this context, nine low-income families (40 individuals in total) with similar social conditions were assessed to identify the bioserotypes of S. mutans using both biochemical and RAPD markers and to establish the degree of similarity among the intra-familial isolates. The polymorphism analysis used the coefficient of Jaccard in both a Principal Coordinates Analysis (PCO) and in a UPGMA clustering method. A total of 157 isolates were obtained from salivary samples, using the morphology of colonies recovered using MSB agar as indicators. From those, 64 were characterized biochemically as S. mutans and 10 as S. sombrinus. Genetic variability among isolates based on RAPD markers was not consistent with their intra-familial distribution. In particular, some individuals might have experienced multiple infections given the high genetic variability among their isolates. The occurrence of 4 isolates with 100% genetic similarity is indicative of intra-familial transmission.

Genetic variability of Brazilian isolates of Alternaria alternata detected by AFLP and RAPD techniques

Dini-Andreote,Francisco; Pietrobon,Vivian Cristina; Andreote,Fernando Dini; Romão,Aline Silva; Spósito,Marcel Bellato; Araújo,Welington Luiz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The Alternaria brown spot (ABS) is a disease caused in tangerine plants and its hybrids by the fungus Alternaria alternata f. sp. citri which has been found in Brazil since 2001. Due to the recent occurrence in Brazilian orchards, the epidemiology and genetic variability of this pathogen is still an issue to be addressed. Here it is presented a survey about the genetic variability of this fungus by the characterization of twenty four pathogenic isolates of A. alternata f. sp. citri from citrus plants and four endophytic isolates from mango (one Alternaria tenuissima and three Alternaria arborescens). The application of two molecular markers Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) had revealed the isolates clustering in distinct groups when fingerprintings were analyzed by Principal Components Analysis (PCA). Despite the better assessment of the genetic variability through the AFLP, significant modifications in clusters components were not observed, and only slight shifts in the positioning of isolates LRS 39/3 and 25M were observed in PCA plots. Furthermore, in both analyses, only the isolates from lemon plants revealed to be clustered, differently from the absence of clustering for other hosts or plant tissues. Summarizing...

Determinação da variabilidade genética nas populações de seleção recorrente de arroz CNA-IRAT 4 e CNA 12 utilizando marcadores microssatélites; Determination of the genetic variability in rice populations of recurrent selection CNA-IRAT 4 and CNA 12 using microssatellites markers

PINHEIRO, Letícia da Silveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Agronomia; Ciências Agrárias Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Agronomia; Ciências Agrárias
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Recurrent Selection is a population inbreed method that is not traditionally used in autogamous species as rice. However, it is still an interesting methodology to the implementation of recurrent selection populations, due to the possibility of obtaining genotypes with wide genetic base and adequate agronomical traits. It is even more attractive when a great genetic variability is easily available, as it is for rice and could be largely used in the development of more productive elite cultivars and with a better production stability even under low input agricultural systems. Two recurrent selection irrigated rice populations, developed by Embrapa Arroz e Feijão, were synthetized using different recombination methods. The CNA-IRAT 4 population was developed in field conditions using male-sterelity, while the CNA 12 population originated from manual crosses in a circulant partial diallel scheme. The aim of this work was the evaluation of the genetic variability among cycles of the two recurrent selection populations using fourteen SSR markers. Hundred and eighty genotypes of the cycles 1, 2 and 5 of CNA-IRAT 4 population and cycles 1 and 2 of CNA 12, were evaluated. The AMOVA did not indicate any genetic structure among the cycles of selection...

Análise da variabilidade genética do Herpesvirus 8 humano (HHV-8) em indivíduos infectados por HIV com e sem sarcoma de Kaposi; Analysis of the genetic variability of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) of HIV-infected individuals with and without Kaposi\'s sarcoma

Mendoza, Tania Regina Tozetto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
O HHV-8 (herpesvírus 8 humano) é o agente etiológico do sarcoma de Kaposi (SK). Diferentemente dos outros herpesvírus, o HHV-8 é distribuído de modo não ubíquo ao redor do mundo. São sete os principais genótipos de HHV-8, de acordo com o padrão de variabilidade da ORF K1: A, B, C, D, E, F e Z. Estudos da variabilidade genética do HHV-8 poderão trazer melhores interpretações sobre o potencial patogênico dos genótipos de HHV-8 e das variações genotípicas funcionais. Dados sobre a variabilidade genética do HHV-8 no Brasil, em que o SK é associado ao HIV, permanecem escassos. Pelo nosso conhecimento, esse é o primeiro estudo que compara a variabilidade genética de HHV-8 em indivíduos infectados por HIV com SK e sem SK no Brasil. Objetivo. O estudo visou analisar a variabilidade genética do HHV-8 entre indivíduos infectados por HIV com SK e sem histórico de SK. Métodos. Sequências de DNA de HHV-8 foram investigadas em amostras criopreservadas de células mononucleares do sangue periférico a partir de 37 indivíduos infectados por HIV com SK (grupo 1); e de amostras de saliva de indivíduos sem SK (grupo 2), as quais foram selecionadas por meio da detecção positiva de DNA/ORF73/HHV-8 a partir de um total de 751 indivíduos. Dados demográficos e clínicos do estadio e evolução do SK...

Preliminary study on genetic variability of Dicrocoelium dendriticum determined by random amplified polymorphic DNA

Sandoval, Hilda; Manga-González, M. Yolanda; Campo, Raquel; García, P.; Castro, José María; Pérez de la Vega, M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 94510 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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2 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 11269322 [PubMed].; Genetic variability of adult specimens of Dicrocoelium dendriticum has been studied using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). The worms were collected from the infected livers of different sheep from several localities in León province (NW Spain). DNA fragments were amplified by means of decamer primer oligonucleotides of arbitrary sequence. Some primers produce complex and highly variable patterns of amplified DNA in D. dendriticum. Intra- and inter-population genetic variability of adult parasites were analyzed, scoring polymorphic and monomorphic reproducible bands by means of the Jaccard similarity, and dendrograms showing genetic relationships between individuals were obtained using the FITCH method. Genetic variability seems to be high in this parasite and genetic similarity within a population (worms infecting a single animal) is similar to the average similarity between worms from different sheep. These results suggest that each sheep is infected by numerous genetically different parasites from one or more populations of infected ants.; This study was supported by the Spanish CICYT, Projects number AGF92-0588 and AGF96-0416.; Peer reviewed

Variabilidad genética de Triatoma flavida y Triatoma bruneri (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) mediante la técnica de RAPD-PCR; Genetic variability of Triatoma flavida and Triatoma bruneri (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) by RAPD-PCR technique

Fraga, Jorge; Rodriguez, Jinnay; Fuentes, Omar; Hernández, Yenin; Castex, Mayda; Gonzalez, Raul; Fernández-Calienes, Aymé
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 ENG
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La subfamilia Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) agrupa a los vectores principales y potenciales de la Enfermedad de Chagas, presente en México, Centroamérica y Sudamérica, Triatoma flavida y T. bruneri son especies autóctonas cubanas. Estas especies están muy relacionadas desde el punto de vista morfológico y por ello fueron consideradas sinonimas hasta el 1981, cuando fueron separadas teniendo en cuenta los caracteres externos del cuerpo y la morfología de la genitalia del macho. El presente trabajo pretende confirmar el polimorfismo genético entre las poblaciones selváticas de T. flavida y domiciliadas de T. bruneri utilizando la técnica de RAPD-PCR. Un total de 10 cebadores al azar fueron usados para evaluar la variabilidad genética entre las especies usando la técnica de RAPD-PCR, calculándose el flujo genético entre las especies. El dendrograma obtenido, basado en la distancia genética de Jaccard, mostró dos grupos que coinciden con las especies estudiadas. Dentro de cada especie estudiada se encontró una moderada diferenciación genética (Fst 0.05-015) y tasas de migración (N >; 1) que revelan flujo genético y homogeneidad genética. Entre las especies estudiadas los valores de Fst muestran una alta diferenciación genética y tasas de migración insuficientes para mantener homogeneidad genética y confirman la ausencia de flujo genético entre ellas. Estos resultados confirman la variabilidad genética entre ambas especies.; The Triatominae (Hemiptera:Reduviidae) contains the principal and potential Chagas disease vectors present in Mexico...