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Effect of interleukin-10 on the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing by gamma-interferon activated human neutrophils

Costa, Diego Luís; Dias-Melicio, Luciane Alarcão; Acorci, Michele Janegitz; Bordon, Ana Paula; Tavian, Elisandra Garcia; Peraçoli, Maria Terezinha Serrão; Soares, Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos
Fonte: Center Academic Publ Japan Publicador: Center Academic Publ Japan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 73-80
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 03/13046-7; Processo FAPESP: 04/00522-8; Paracoccidioidomycosis, a deep mycosis endemic in Latin America, is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Phagocytic cells play a critical role against this fungus, and several studies have shown the effects of activator and suppressive cytokines on macrophage and monocyte functions. However, studies on polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PNINs), that are the first cells recruited to the infection sites, are scarcer. Thus, the objective of this paper was to assess whether interleukin-10 (IL-10), a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, is able to block the activity of IFN-gamma-activated human PMNs upon P brasiliensis intracellular killing, in vitro. The results showed that IFN-gamma-activated PMNs have an effective fungicidal activity against the fungus. This activity was associated with the release of high levels of H2O2, the metabolite involved in phagocytic cells antifungal activities. However, the concomitant incubation of these cells with IFN-gamma and IL-10 significantly blocked IFN-gamma activation. As a consequence, PNINs killing activity and H2O2 release were inhibited. Together...

Mechanism of the Intracellular Killing and Modulation of Antibiotic Susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes in THP-1 Macrophages Activated by Gamma Interferon

Ouadrhiri, Youssef; Scorneaux, Bernard; Sibille, Yves; Tulkens, Paul M.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1999 EN
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46.41%
Listeria monocytogenes, a facultative intracellular pathogen, readily enters cells and multiplies in the cytosol after escaping from phagosomal vacuoles. Macrophages exposed to gamma interferon, one of the main cellular host defenses against Listeria, become nonpermissive for bacterial growth while containing Listeria in the phagosomes. Using the human myelomonocytic cell line THP-1, we show that the combination of l-monomethyl arginine and catalase restores bacterial growth without affecting the phagosomal containment of Listeria. A previous report (B. Scorneaux, Y. Ouadrhiri, G. Anzalone, and P. M. Tulkens, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 40:1225–1230, 1996) showed that intracellular Listeria was almost equally sensitive to ampicillin, azithromycin, and sparfloxacin in control cells but became insensitive to ampicillin and more sensitive to azithromycin and sparfloxacin in gamma interferon-treated cells. We show here that these modulations of antibiotic activity are largely counteracted by l-monomethyl arginine and catalase. In parallel, we show that gamma interferon enhances the cellular accumulation of azithromycin and sparfloxacin, an effect which is not reversed by addition of l-monomethyl arginine and catalase and which therefore cannot account for the increased activity of these antibiotics in gamma interferon-treated cells. We conclude that (i) the control exerted by gamma interferon on intracellular multiplication of Listeria in THP-1 macrophages is dependent on the production of nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide; (ii) intracellular Listeria may become insensitive to ampicillin in macrophages exposed to gamma interferon because the increase in reactive oxygen and nitrogen intermediates already controls bacterial growth; and (iii) azithromycin and still more sparfloxacin cooperate efficiently with gamma interferon...

An Essential Role for Gamma Interferon in Innate Resistance to Shigella flexneri Infection

Way, Sing Sing; Borczuk, Alain C.; Dominitz, Rene; Goldberg, Marcia B.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Shigella spp. are the major cause of bacillary dysentery worldwide. To identify immune effectors associated with protection of the naive host during infection, the susceptibility to pulmonary Shigella infection of each of various mouse strains that have a targeted deletion in a specific aspect of the immune system was evaluated. Our results demonstrate that mice deficient in gamma interferon are 5 orders of magnitude more susceptible to Shigella than are wild-type mice, whereas mice deficient in B and T lymphocytes or in T lymphocytes alone exhibit no difference in susceptibility. Significantly lower numbers of shigellae were recovered from immunocompetent compared with gamma-interferon-deficient mice after infection. While immunocompetent mice were able to clear a sublethal Shigella inoculum by day 5 postinfection, progressively increasing numbers of shigellae were cultured from the lungs of gamma interferon-deficient mice over the same period. Histopathology of the lungs from immunocompetent mice infected with a sublethal Shigella inoculum showed mild inflammatory changes, whereas the lungs from gamma interferon-deficient mice demonstrated progressively worsening acute bronchiolitis with ulceration. Further, the time to death in gamma interferon-deficient mice correlates inversely with the size of the Shigella inoculum. To identify the cellular source of gamma interferon...

Frequencies of Virus-Specific CD4+ and CD8+ T Lymphocytes Secreting Gamma Interferon after Acute Natural Rotavirus Infection in Children and Adults

Jaimes, María C.; Rojas, Olga Lucía; González, Ana María; Cajiao, Isabela; Charpilienne, Annie; Pothier, Pierre; Kohli, Evelyne; Greenberg, Harry B.; Franco, Manuel A.; Angel, Juana
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2002 EN
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46.41%
Human rotavirus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses in peripheral blood lymphocytes were studied using a flow cytometric assay that detects the intracellular accumulation of cytokines after short-term in vitro antigen stimulation. The frequencies of virus-specific T cells that secrete gamma interferon and interleukin-13 (IL-13) were determined in adults and children during the acute or convalescent phase of rotavirus-induced diarrhea, in asymptomatically infected adults and laboratory workers who worked with human stool samples containing rotavirus, and in healthy adults. Significantly higher frequencies of rotavirus-specific interferon gamma-secreting CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, but not IL-13-secreting T cells, were detected in symptomatically infected adults and exposed laboratory workers than in healthy adults and children with acute rotavirus diarrhea. The levels of rotavirus-specific T cells returned to levels found in healthy adults by 32 days after the onset of rotavirus diarrhea in most adult subjects. Children with rotavirus diarrhea had undetectable or very low levels of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells that secrete gamma interferon. Adult cytomegalovirus-seropositive individuals had frequencies of cytomegalovirus-specific T cells that secrete gamma interferon that were approximately 20 times the level of rotavirus-specific T cells. This result suggests that rotavirus is a relatively poor inducer of circulating memory T cells that secrete gamma interferon. The frequencies of gamma interferon-secreting CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and the frequencies of IL-13-secreting CD4+ T cells responding to the T-cell superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) were lower in children than in adults. In both adults and children...

Attenuation of gamma interferon-induced tyrosine phosphorylation in mononuclear phagocytes infected with Leishmania donovani: selective inhibition of signaling through Janus kinases and Stat1.

Nandan, D; Reiner, N E
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1995 EN
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46.42%
The induction of gene transcription in response to gamma interferon is impaired in mononuclear phagocytes infected with Leishmania donovani, and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. The changes in gene expression brought about by gamma interferon are thought to involve transient increases in the activities of cellular protein tyrosine kinases, including the Janus kinases Jak1 and Jak2, leading to tyrosine phosphorylation of the transcription factor Stat1. To investigate the mechanisms accounting for the impaired responses to gamma interferon, a model system for examining overall changes in protein tyrosine phosphorylation, activation of Jak1 and Jak2 and phosphorylation of Stat1 was developed in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-differentiated U-937 cells. Analysis of whole-cell lysates by antiphosphotyrosine immunoblotting showed that incubation with gamma interferon brought about specific increases in phosphotyrosine labeling of several proteins. Increased labeling of these proteins occurred to similar extents in control cells and in cells that had been infected with L. donovani for 16 h. Jak1, Jak2, and Stat1 were immunoprecipitated from control and interferon-treated cells, and tyrosine phosphorylation of these proteins...

Early gamma interferon responses in lethal and nonlethal murine blood-stage malaria.

De Souza, J B; Williamson, K H; Otani, T; Playfair, J H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
This study was undertaken to explore early differences in cytokine production during nonlethal and lethal blood-stage murine malaria infections. Cytokine analysis of spleens during these infections showed that the principal difference between two nonlethal and two lethal Plasmodium species was the production of gamma interferon 24 h after infection with nonlethal parasites. In contrast, no increases in interleukin-4 production were observed in the first 24 h and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels increased equally in both nonlethal and lethal infections. During the later phase of infection with nonlethal parasites, both gamma interferon and interleukin-4 levels increased markedly a few days before parasite clearance. Early increases in gamma interferon production in nonlethal infections of Plasmodium yoelii and Plasmodium chabaudi were dose related and increased significantly with the size of the inoculum. Studies with the nonlethal P. yoelii suggest that the early gamma interferon response is mediated by T cells and natural killer cells, as it was reduced in athymic mice and in mice depleted of their natural killer cells by treatment with specific antiserum. Infecting mice with increasing numbers of lethal P. yoelii and Plasmodium berghei parasites did not increase the amount of gamma interferon...

Prostaglandin E release from human monocytes treated with lipopolysaccharides isolated from Bacteroides intermedius and Salmonella typhimurium: potentiation by gamma interferon.

Nichols, F C; Peluso, J F; Tempro, P J; Garrison, S W; Payne, J B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1991 EN
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46.43%
The purpose of this investigation was to examine gamma interferon potentiation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) responses in human monocytes by using phenol-water-extracted (unfractionated) and highly purified LPS preparations isolated from Bacteroides intermedius and Salmonella typhimurium. Phenol-water-extracted LPS preparations from these bacteria were further purified by chromatography over Sepharose-CL-4B. LPS enrichment in pooled column fractions was assessed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and quantitation of hydroxy-fatty acid and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid content, protein contamination, and anthrone-reactive material. Monocyte stimulation by LPS, measured as prostaglandin E (PGE) release, was assessed with and without gamma interferon treatment. Cells were either treated simultaneously with gamma interferon and LPS or pretreated with gamma interferon prior to LPS stimulation. PGE release from counterflow-isolated monocytes was quantitated during the 0- to 24-h and 24- to 48-h culture intervals. Contrary to previous results from this laboratory, phenol-water-extracted LPS preparations from B. intermedius and S. typhimurium were similar in their capacities to stimulate PGE release from monocytes. Molecular sieve chromatography was found to remove substantial amounts of high-molecular-weight polysaccharide contaminants only from the B. intermedius LPS but did not significantly alter the potency of either B. intermedius or S. typhimurium LPS. Gamma interferon cotreatment did not potentiate the release of PGE with any of the LPS preparations tested. However...

Gamma interferon suppresses acute and chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection in cyclosporin-treated mice.

McCabe, R; Meagher, S; Mullins, B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1991 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
To determine if exogenous gamma interferon is effective in immunosuppressed mice infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, recombinant murine gamma interferon was administered to cyclosporin-treated mice with either acute or chronic T. cruzi infection. Gamma interferon significantly decreased parasitemia and prevented death in acutely infected mice. Parasitemias and mortality of mice treated with both gamma interferon and cyclosporin were similar to those of immunocompetent controls. In chronically infected mice, cyclosporin treatment produced significantly more organ explant cultures positive for T. cruzi. Fewer positive cultures, particularly for spleen and heart, were obtained from cyclosporin-treated mice when they also received gamma interferon. Ketoconazole treatment of mice resulted in no positive cultures. Cyclosporin treatment did not prevent activation of peritoneal macrophages by parenteral gamma interferon, nor did it have a consistent effect on serum titers of alpha/beta or gamma interferon in response to a second challenge inoculum of T. cruzi. These data indicate that exogenous gamma interferon suppresses acute and chronic T. cruzi infection in cyclosporin-treated mice but that gamma interferon is not as effective as the relatively specific antimicrobial ketoconazole. Gamma interferon activates macrophages despite cyclosporin treatment...

Role of the nitric oxide synthase pathway in inhibition of growth of interferon-sensitive and interferon-resistant Rickettsia prowazekii strains in L929 cells treated with tumor necrosis factor alpha and gamma interferon.

Turco, J; Winkler, H H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1993 EN
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46.43%
The ability of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) alone and in combination with gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) to inhibit the growth of interferon-sensitive and -resistant Rickettsia prowazekii strains in mouse L929 cells was examined, and the possible role of the nitric oxide synthase pathway in the suppression of rickettsial growth induced by TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, or both cytokines was evaluated. TNF-alpha inhibited the growth of strains Madrid E (IFN-gamma sensitive and alpha/beta interferon [IFN-alpha/beta] sensitive) and Breinl (IFN-gamma sensitive and IFN-alpha/beta resistant), but not that of strain 83-2P (IFN-gamma resistant and IFN-alpha/beta resistant), in L929 cells. Inhibition of the growth of the Madrid E strain in L929 cells treated with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma in combination was greater than that observed with either TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma alone. Similarly, inhibition of the growth of the Breinl strain in L929 cells treated with both cytokines was greater than that observed with TNF-alpha alone; however, it did not differ significantly from the inhibition observed with IFN-gamma alone. Although strain 83-2P was resistant to TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma alone, its growth was inhibited in L929 cells treated with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma in combination. Nitrite production was measured in mock-infected and infected L929 cell cultures...

Gene induction by interferons: functional complementation between trans-acting factors induced by alpha interferon and gamma interferon.

Bandyopadhyay, S K; Kalvakolanu, D V; Sen, G C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1990 EN
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46.42%
HeLaM is a variant cell line in which the transcriptional induction of many genes by alpha interferon has special characteristics (Tiwari et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:4289-4294, 1988). The same characteristics were also displayed for induced transcription of a permanently transfected chimeric gene containing the interferon-stimulated response element of gene 561. For understanding the molecular basis of the special requirements of HeLaM cells, an analysis of the interferon-stimulated gene factors (ISGF) was undertaken. By using gel shift assays, it was shown that the activation of ISGF3 by alpha interferon treatment of HeLaM cells had characteristics identical to those of induced transcription: inhibition by 2-aminopurine and the need for ongoing protein synthesis which was obviated by pretreating the cells with gamma interferon. Upon mixing in vitro the cytoplasmic fraction of gamma interferon-treated HeLaM cells with that of cells treated with alpha interferon and cycloheximide, active ISGF3 was reconstituted, presumably through complementation of two components, ISGF3 gamma and ISGF3 alpha, present in the two respective fractions. Because, unlike other cells, untreated HeLaM cells did not contain detectable levels of either component...

Influences of gamma interferon on synovial fibroblast-like cells. Ia induction and inhibition of collagen synthesis.

Amento, E P; Bhan, A K; McCullagh, K G; Krane, S M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1985 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
The shape and function of adherent cells cultured from rheumatoid synovial membranes are influenced by immune cells, and their products. The synovial cells produce collagenase and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), the levels of which are increased when the cells are incubated with the monokine, mononuclear cell factor/interleukin 1. The majority of adherent synovial cells are fibroblastlike in appearance and synthesize collagens and fibronectin; the synthesis of collagens and fibronectins are also increased by a monocyte factor. In the present study we found that the fibroblastlike cells expressed major histocompatibility complex class II (Ia-like) antigens after initial dispersion from the synovial membrane. Monocyte lineage antigens were detected on some round cells in early passage, but no T lymphocytes were identified in established cultures. There was loss of Ia expression on the fibroblastlike cells with age and passage in culture. The addition of the lymphokine, gamma interferon (recombinant), induced class II antigen (DR and DS/DQ) expression in early or late passage cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner and required protein synthesis. Furthermore, the adherent synovial fibroblastlike cells continued to be Ia-positive when examined as long as 10 d after the removal of gamma interferon. Ia expression was also induced by gamma interferon in normal skin fibroblasts. Synovial cells that could be induced to express Ia also bound a monoclonal antibody to type III collagen (a fibroblast marker). Gamma interferon...

Pulmonary gamma interferon production in patients with fibrosing alveolitis.

Robinson, B W; Rose, A H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1990 EN
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46.41%
Patients with fibrosing alveolitis have active inflammation within their lung interstitium. Previous studies have focused on the humoral (immune complex) driven processes. In this study increased pulmonary gamma interferon production has been evaluated. Bronchoalveolar lavage cells were obtained from 40 patients with fibrosing alveolitis, 22 with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, and 18 with connective tissue disease associated (CTD) fibrosing alveolitis. Increased gamma interferon production was seen in 12 (30%) patients and was similar in the two study groups. Up to 512 units/10(6) cells were released over 24 hours, showing that the amounts of gamma interferon released could be as large as those seen in other pulmonary diseases associated with active cellular immune processes, such as sarcoidosis. Spontaneous gamma interferon production was related to increased serum concentrations of IgG and IgM but not to serum IgA, antinuclear antibody, or rheumatoid factor titres. There was no relation between gamma interferon production and pulmonary uptake of gallium-67 citrate. The ratio of helper-inducer (Leu-3) to suppressor-cytotoxic (Leu-2) cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was similar in the two study groups and was similar in patients whose cells produced gamma interferon and those whose cells did not. These data suggest that gamma interferon is released in the lungs of a proportion of individuals with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis and CTD-fibrosing alveolitis...

Neutralization of Interleukin-10 from CD14+ Monocytes Enhances Gamma Interferon Production in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-Infected Goats▿

Lybeck, Kari R.; Storset, Anne K.; Olsen, Ingrid
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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46.46%
The gamma interferon assay is used to identify Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-infected animals. It has been suggested that regulatory mechanisms could influence the sensitivity of the test when it is performed with cells from cattle and that the neutralization of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in vitro would increase the gamma interferon responses. To investigate the regulatory mechanisms affecting the gamma interferon assay with cells from goats, blood was collected from M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis-infected, M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis-exposed, and noninfected goats. Neutralization of IL-10 by a monoclonal antibody resulted in increased levels of gamma interferon production in M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis purified protein derivative (PPDj)-stimulated samples from both infected and exposed goats. However, the levels of gamma interferon release were also increased in unstimulated cells and in PPDj-stimulated cells from some noninfected animals following neutralization. Depletion of putative regulatory CD25high T cells had no clear effect on the number of gamma-interferon-producing cells. The IL-10-producing cells were identified to be mainly CD14+ major histocompatibility complex class II-positive monocytes in both PPDj-stimulated and control cultures and not regulatory T cells. However...

Regulation of production of mucosal antibody to pneumococcal protein antigens by T-cell-derived gamma interferon and interleukin-10 in children

Zhang, Q.; Bernatoniene, J.; Bagrade, L.; Paton, J.; Mitchell, T.; Hammerschmidt, S.; Nunez, D.; Finn, A.
Fonte: Amer Soc Microbiology Publicador: Amer Soc Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Nasopharyngeal tonsils (adenoids) are part of human nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue, which may play an important role in local defense against pneumococci. Recent studies with animals have suggested that several pneumococcal proteins, including CbpA and pneumolysin (Ply), may be vaccine candidates. Our recent data obtained with children suggest that antibodies to these proteins may protect against carriage. This study was performed to investigate the regulation of the T-cell-dependent antibody responses to CbpA and pneumolysin by cytokines in adenoidal immune cells from children. Adenoidal mononuclear cells (MNC) were cultured with pneumococcal concentrated culture supernatants (CCS) or recombinant proteins. Cytokine expression profiles in adenoidal MNC after antigen stimulation were analyzed by reverse transcription-PCR, protein array analysis, and an immunoassay, along with an antibody production analysis. The roles, interactions, and cellular sources of the main cytokines identified were evaluated further. Pneumococcal CCS induced production of CbpA- and Ply-specific antibodies in association with several chemokines and cytokines, including gamma interferon (IFN-) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in MNC. The antibody production correlated well with the concentrations of these two cytokines. Addition of recombinant IFN- or IL-10 enhanced antibody production...

CXCL16 regulates cell-mediated immunity to Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis via promotion of gamma interferon production

Fahy, O.; Townley, S.; McColl, S.
Fonte: Amer Soc Microbiology Publicador: Amer Soc Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
CXCL16 is a recently discovered multifaceted chemokine that has been shown not only to recruit activated T lymphocytes but also to play a direct role in the binding and phagocytosis of bacteria by professional antigen-presenting cells. In this study, we investigated the role of CXCL16 in vivo in the regulation of the immune response using a murine model of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis infection. The expression of CXCL16 was strongly upregulated in the spleens and livers of animals developing an immune response to a primary acute infection but not in the Peyer's patches. Animals developing a secondary response after reexposure to the bacteria displayed a similar pattern of expression. During the primary response, prior treatment with neutralizing antibodies to CXCL16 induced a significant increase in bacterial burden in the spleen and liver. The production of gamma interferon (IFN-γ) by the lymphocytes in the spleen was decreased by anti-CXCL16 treatment. In comparison, during the secondary response, anti-CXCL16 treatment also significantly increased bacterial burden in both the spleen and liver but had no effect on IFN-γ production. No role was found for CXCL16 in the production of antibody against SefA, a major surface antigen of S. enteritidis. Together...

Interferón gamma en el manejo de la enfermedad granulomatosa crónica en el paciente pediátrico

Medina Ramos, Diana Carolina; Bohorquez Garnica, Andrés
Fonte: Facultad de medicina Publicador: Facultad de medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
Antecedentes: La enfermedad granulomatosa crónica aumenta el riesgo de infecciones. El interferón gamma se ha venido utilizando como parte del tratamiento; sin embargo, su eficacia no ha sido explorada por una revisión sistemática. Objetivo: Determinar y analizar la eficacia del uso del interferón gamma en el manejo de pacientes en edad pediátrica con diagnóstico de enfermedad granulomatosa crónica. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura. La búsqueda se hizo en cuatro bases de datos y un registro público de ensayos clínicos. Se realizó un enfoque cualitativo y cuantitativo. Para variables cualitativas se emplearon como indicadores el riesgo relativo y para las cuantitativas la diferencia del promedio. Resultados: Se incluyeron tres estudios, dos de ellos estudios no aleatorizados. Un solo ensayo clínico de buena calidad mostró evidencia sobre la utilidad del uso del interferón en la reducción de la infección severa. Conclusión: Es posible que el uso del interferón gamma se relacione con mejoría de varios desenlaces clínicos del paciente. Es necesario realizar más ensayos clínicos controlados de buena calidad que permitan explorar la eficacia del tratamiento en esta indicación. Palabras clave: Enfermedad granulomatosa crónica...

Parameter estimation and use of gamma interferon assay for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis in Brazil

Lopes,Luciano B.; Alves,Telma M.; Stynen,Ana Paula R.; Mota,Pedro M.P.C.; Leite,Rômulo C.; Lage,Andrey P.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
This study aimed to evaluate the interference of tuberculin test on the gamma-interferon (INFg) assay, to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the INFg assay in Brazilian conditions, and to simulate multiple testing using the comparative tuberculin test and the INFg assay. Three hundred-fifty cattle from two TB-free and two TB-infected herds were submitted to the comparative tuberculin test and the INFg assay. The comparative tuberculin test was performed using avian and bovine PPD. The INFg assay was performed by the BovigamTM kit (CSL Veterinary, Australia), according to the manufacturer's specifications. Sensitivity and specificity of the INFg assay were assessed by a Bayesian latent class model. These diagnostic parameters were also estimate for multiple testing. The results of INFg assay on D0 and D3 after the comparative tuberculin test were compared by the McNemar's test and kappa statistics. Results of mean optical density from INFg assay on both days were similar. Sensitivity and specificity of the INFg assay showed results varying (95% confidence intervals) from 72 to 100% and 74 to 100% respectively. Sensitivity of parallel testing was over 97.5%, while specificity of serial testing was over 99.7%. The INFg assay proved to be a very useful diagnostic method.

Interferon-inducible chemokines and immunity to poxvirus infections

Mahalingam, Surendran; Foster, Paul S; Lobigs, Mario; Karupiah, Gunasegaran
Fonte: Annual Reviews Inc Publicador: Annual Reviews Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
The biological roles of two interferon-inducible chemokines, monokine induced by gamma interferon (Mig) and cytokine responsive gene (Crg-2), in the immune response against vaccinia virus (VV) and ectromelia virus (EV) infections are discussed. To investigate their antiviral effects in vivo, the expression profiles of these chemokines during the course of VV or EV infections were first established. Mig and Crg-2 were induced in multiple organs at high levels early after infection with VV. Both chemokines were rapidly induced in popliteal lymph nodes of C57BL/6 mice but not in BALB/c mice following infection with EV. Secondly, recombinant vaccinia viruses (rVV) encoding Mig or Crg-2 were constructed to investigate the immunobiology of infection in athymic, nude and euthymic, normal mice. Finally, the EV model in combination with recombinant Mig and Crg-2 proteins was used to test their effects on viral replication and immune responses in vivo. The results of these investigations demonstrate that the mechanisms of Mig- and Crg-2-induced viral clearance involve natural killer cells and interferons.

Expression of the interferon-inducible chemokines MuMig and Crg-2 following vaccina virus infection in viro

Mahalingam, Surendran; Karupiah, Gunasegaran
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
MuMig (monokine induced by gamma interferon) and Crg-2 (cytokine responsive gene) are chemokines of the CXC subfamily. They share activity as T and NK cell chemoattractants. Crg-2 has been shown to be inducible by IFN, TNF, IL-1 and LPS, whereas the expression of MuMig is thought to be strictly dependent on IFN-γ. In the present study, the kinetics of expression of the genes for MuMig and Crg-2 were analysed by northern blot analysis in organs of normal mice and in groups of gene knockout mice deficient in IFN-γ (IFN- γ-/-) or receptors for IFN-α/β and IFN-γ (double R(-/-); DR+) after vaccinia virus infection. MuMig mRNA was not expressed in IFN-γ(-/-) mice in all organs examined, whereas Crg-2 mRNA levels were marginally reduced. In contrast, MuMig and Crg-2 mRNA transcripts were completely abolished in the DR(-/-) mice.

Role of interleukin-6, gamma interferon and adenosine deaminase markers in management of pleural effusion patients

Marie,MAM; John,J; Krishnappa,L Gowda; Gopalkrishnan,S; Bindurani,SR; CS,P
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
OBJECTIVE: Pleural effusion is a common diagnostic and clinical problem. Neoplasms and tuberculosis are the most frequent diagnostic causes of such effusions. Conventional laboratory methods for diagnosis of such effusion are inefficient because tubercle bacilli are rarely seen in direct examinations of pleural fluid. The present study evaluates interleukin-6 (IL-6), gamma interferon (IFN-γ) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) as diagnostic tools in pleural effusion. METHODS: Interleukin-6, IFN-γ and ADA were measured in pleural fluid from the patients, with exudative pleural effusion from tuberculous, malignant and postpneumonic origin and transudative pleural effusion ofsystemic origin in order to evaluate the diagnostic utility ofthese. RESULTS: The three markers were detectable in all effusions with significantly high levels in exudative as compared to transudative effusions. There was a statically significant difference noticed in tuberculous as compared to malignant andpostpneumonic origin and transudative pleural effusion. CONCLUSION: We concluded that IL-6, IFN-γ and ADA levels in pleural effusion are sensitive parameters to differentiate an exudate from a transudate and they can also differentiate exudates of different aetiology. Finally...