Página 1 dos resultados de 10506 itens digitais encontrados em 0.013 segundos

Re-Mapping the Carter Doctrine: Geographic Mental Maps and Foreign Policy Change

Vinha, Luis da
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
The US has always had an interest and been involved in the Middle East. However, it was the Carter Administration that ultimately gave the Middle East its pivotal role in US foreign policy. It was the Carter Doctrine, enunciated in 1980 which effectively coupled the security of the Persian Gulf region with American global security. The assertion of the Carter Doctrine has traditionally been viewed as a watershed transformation of the Carter Administration’s foreign policy. It allegedly signalled the end of détente and turn towards a more assertive military posture towards the Soviets and a more decisive US commitment to Middle Eastern security. It overturned many of the Administration’s prior foreign policy initiatives, such as nuclear non-proliferation, demilitarisation of strategic regions, curtailment of conventional arms transfers to Third World countries, and the promotion of human rights. In their place emerged a policy which emphasised a massive military build-up, increased military supply to Third World nations, and increased US global military presence. In particular, the Carter Doctrine represented a momentous shift in US geopolitical and geostrategic considerations by transforming the Middle East into a new critical defence zone. The Carter Doctrine has received widespread scholarly attention over the last three decades. Nevertheless...

Revisiting the Carter Administration’s Human Rights Policy: Understanding Traditional Challenges for Contemporary Foreign Policy; Revisitando la Política de Derechos Humanos de la Administración Carter: Entendiendo los Desafíos Tradicionales para la Política Exterior Contemporánea

da Vinha, Luis
Fonte: Instituto de la Paz y los Conflictos - Universidad de Granada Publicador: Instituto de la Paz y los Conflictos - Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
The Carter Administration came to office intent on changing the traditional logic of US foreign policy, namely by promoting a foreign policy set in a framework based on human rights. The Administration sought to make human rights a central tenet of US foreign policy while simultaneously protecting American national interests abroad. However, since early on, critics have considered the Administration’s policy to be inconsistent and indecisive due to its failure to grasp the complexity of balancing many inherently conflicting issues. This paper analyses the Carter Administration’s human rights policy throughout its term in office. It demonstrates how the Administration acknowledged the difficulty in reconciling moral and material issues in the development of its foreign policy. In addition, the paper considers how US human rights policy has informed foreign policy in subsequent Administrations. It highlights the continuous dynamics contributing to the inconsistencies verified between foreign policy discourse and behaviour.

Votações nominais, espectro ideológico político-partidário e política externa: o caso chileno (1994-2006); Roll-call, political ideologies and foreign policy: the case of Chile (1994-2006)

Ribeiro, Pedro Feliú
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
A influência dos partidos políticos nas decisões dos congressistas é um tema extremamente debatido na ciência política. No que diz respeito à política externa, usualmente considerada como tema suprapartidário, a questão apresenta-se ainda mais inconclusiva. A presente pesquisa analisa todas as votações nominais em temas de política externa das Legislaturas 1994-1998, 1998-2002 e 2002-2006 da Câmara dos Deputados do Chile. Após construir um mapa espacial das preferências dos deputados chilenos em política externa, por meio da utilização do programa estatístico NOMINATE, concluo que a ideologia do partido político do legislador é fator preditivo de seu comportamento em política externa. Os achados indicam que o pressuposto da não manifestação das preferências dos legisladores latino-americanos em temas de política externa (abdicação) não encontra respaldo no caso chileno. Ademais, a comparação dos resultados obtidos nesta dissertação com outros estudos acerca da atuação legislativa na política doméstica chilena, evidenciou a similaridade entre ambos, sugerindo que os fatores que estruturam as decisões dos deputados em política doméstica não difere daqueles em política externa; The influence of partisan politics in congressmen decisions is a much debated issue in political science. With respect to foreign policy...

Política externa e democracia: reflexões sobre o acesso à informação na política externa brasileira a partir da inserção da temática ambiental no caso dos pneus entre o Mercosul e a OMC; Foreign Policy and Democracy: access to information in Brazilian foreign policy since the introduction of environmenal arguments in the Retreaded Tyres case from Mercosur to the WTO

Specie, Priscila
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Esse trabalho explora a relação entre política externa e democracia a partir das reflexões sobre o acesso à informação na política externa brasileira com a inserção da temática ambiental no caso dos pneus, entre a controvérsia do Mercosul e o contencioso da OMC. Por meio de uma aproximação entre o instrumental teórico de análise de política externa e de políticas públicas foi possível questionar os limites do acesso à informação como condição para a participação de outros atores além do Ministério de Relações Exteriores (MRE) na redefinição da defesa do Brasil, com a inserção da temática ambiental, de uma instância para outra. A hipótese demonstrada refere-se à ampliação do acesso à informação que seguiu a ampliação dos espaços de definição da política externa no caso. Essa ampliação foi observada a partir do processo de descentralização dos espaços tradicionais de definição da política externa brasileira (MRE), com a inclusão, por exemplo, do Ministério do Meio Ambiente. No entanto, a tendência de ampliação do acesso à informação como condição para a participação de atores não governamentais, neste caso, mostrou-se limitada por uma conduta seletiva e informal pelos órgãos do governo para interlocução com determinados atores; This research aims at studying the relationship between foreign policy and democracy. The study focuses on access to information in Brazilian foreign policy through the introduction of the environmental arguments in the retreaded tyres dispute from Mercosur to the WTO (WT/DS332). The research was based on foreign and public policy analysis. These theoretical bases enabled to investigate the limits to a wider participation of actors other than the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MRE) on foreign policy. The research shows an enlargement on policy making with the integration of the environmental arguments which resulted...

Comportamento legislativo e política externa na América Latina; Legislative behavior and foreign policy in Latin America

Ribeiro, Pedro Feliú
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
Como votam os legisladores latino-americanos em temas de política externa? Essa pergunta é norteada por um longo debate na literatura especializada acerca da especificidade da política externa em relação às demais políticas públicas e sua influência no comportamento legislativo. Por um lado, argumenta-se uma tendência a um comportamento unificado entre os partidos políticos nos temas internacionais, revelando baixa politização da política externa na arena legislativa. O elevado custo eleitoral de se opor à política externa presidencial, o baixo retorno eleitoral dos temas internacionais e a maior capacidade institucional do Poder Executivo conduzir a política externa do país são alguns dos principais argumentos desta perspectiva analítica. Por outro lado, enfatiza-se a importância dos arranjos e coalizões domésticas na formulação da política externa, apontando semelhança entre os comportamentos legislativos nas arenas doméstica e internacional. A diluição entre a fronteira que divide os assuntos domésticos e internacionais, assim como o crescente efeito distributivo advindo da política externa em economias cada vez mais interdependentes são alguns dos fatores explicativos desta perspectiva teórica. Embora haja grande profusão de estudos acerca do comportamento legislativo na política externa cujo objeto é o caso norte-americano...

Opinião pública e política externa: criação de uma tipologia brasileira; Public opinion and foreign policy: creating a brazilian typology

Ruivo, Mariana Maia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
A finalidade dessa dissertação de mestrado é apresentar uma proposta de criação de tipologia da Opinião Pública em relação à Política Externa Brasileira. Para isso, foi utilizada a pesquisa survey Opinião Pública o Brasil, a América e o Mundo, realizada em 2011 pelo Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicos CDE em parceria com o Instituto de Relações Internacionais da Universidade de São Paulo IRI/USP. E, para a criação da tipologia, foi usada como base a pesquisa de Eugene Wittkof, Faces of Internacionalism Public Opinion in American Foreign Policy (1990), onde abordou os padrões das elites e da massa em relação ao grau de apoio ao envolvimento internacional dos Estados Unidos. Dessa forma, foi criado quatro grupos de atitude em Política Externa: Isolacionista, Internacionalista, Conciliadores e Intervencionista. Para criar a tipologia brasileira, os grupos foram adaptados para a realidade do país e foram recriados: Isolacionista, Internacionalista Soft Line, Internacionalista Moderado e Internacionalista Hard Line. O presente trabalho tomará como base algumas perspectivas teóricas do debate de Análise de Política Externa e de Opinião Pública, com o intuito de buscar entender como a sociedade brasileira opinião pública - se posiciona em relação à postura do Brasil no sistema internacional...

A nova política externa independente : o Governo Lula e a inserção externa brasileira no século 21; The new independent foreign policy: the Lula Administration and the Brazilian foreign policy in the 21st century

Mello, Eduardo Brigidi de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
A partir de 2003, a política externa brasileira retomou mais claramente o padrão verificado entre 1930 e 1980. O Estado voltou a assumir papel fundamental no processo de desenvolvimento, como indutor da economia, priorizando o que se chamou de social-desenvolvimentismo. As aspirações do país mudaram e o universalismo, já consolidado, passou a protagonismo nas principais questões internacionais. A inovação consiste na ênfase com que o Governo Lula passou a defender a reforma social, tanto interna quanto externa. A premissa filosófica de que parte a atual administração é de que há uma relação simbiótica entre aquelas dimensões, e a solução dos problemas internos está condicionada ao reforço da posição do Brasil no sistema internacional. Como a justiça social encontra-se na base da atual gestão, identificaram-se elementos que possibilitam afirmar que a política externa do Governo Lula encontra seu mais aproximado comparativo na Política Externa Independente (PEI). Por tal proximidade, e também por razões didáticas, o atual período é denominado Nova Política Externa Independente (Nova PEI). A estratégia pode ser avaliada segundo os principais eixos táticos adotados a partir de 2003, que encontram correspondência nos eixos táticos da PEI: democracia e multilateralismo...

Indian foreign policy and the ambivalence of postcolonial modernity.

Chacko, Priya
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
India’s foreign policy behaviour often challenges conventional theories of international relations (IR). Why for instance, did India wait 24 years after its first nuclear test to conduct another test? In the wake of its nuclear tests, why did the political leadership highlight the scientific achievements more than the military implications and why did it characterise India’s nuclear program as being unique in terms of its restraint and its commitment to total disarmament? Why did India engage in a discourse of friendship with China rather than adopt the anti-communist stance of other democratic states? These are just some of the questions that cannot be adequately explained by the positivist and ahistorical traditions of IR that down-play the connection between state identity and foreign policy or analyse foreign policy as the product of pre-existing realities, subjectivities and interpretive dispositions. An approach that takes into account the historical and cultural context of the construction of state identity however, offers a fuller understanding of India’s foreign policy behaviour. Using genealogy and the idea of identity performativity, this thesis analyses India’s foreign policy discourse as a representational practice which...

Singapore’s foreign policy: beyond realism.

Ting, Ming Hwa
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
This thesis argues that Singapore’s foreign policy seeks to maximise order, and not power. Hence, it proposes that the English School theory, with its focus explaining why a high degree of substantive order exists in an anarchical context is therefore a more appropriate tool to analyse Singapore’s foreign policy. To substantiate this point, this thesis examines Singapore’s foreign policy towards Malaysia, Indonesia, China, and India to show how this city–state has managed to conduct its relations with them within the framework of an international society. Japan is excluded because this thesis focuses on states that have the greatest potential to affect Singapore by virtue of three main considerations – geographical distance, future impact on regional geopolitical developments, and ethnicity. Due to their geographical proximity, Malaysia and Indonesia are arguably the states most important to Singapore. China and India, as the rising powers, constitute unknown variables since the nature and effects of their rise are still not clear, and Singapore’s foreign policy needs to be sensitive towards developments there. At the same time, Singapore is a predominantly ethnic Chinese state with a sizeable Malay minority that constitutes the majority in the region as well as a significant Indian minority...

The foreign policy behaviour of the European Union towards the Latin American Southern Cone States (1980-2000): has it become more cooperative? The cases of foreign direct investment and agricultural trade; Die Aussenpolitik der Europäischen Union gegenüber den Lateinamerikanischen Cone Sur Staaten (1980-2000): ist sie kooperativer geworden? Fallstudien zu Auslandsinvestitionen und Agrarhandel

Ribeiro Hoffmann, Andrea
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
The present study seeks to answer two questions in particular: whether, or not, EU foreign policy behaviour towards the Southern Cone States has become more cooperative since the mid-to-end 1980s, and why the change, if any, occurred. Among the explanatory factors usually pointed out in the literature and in the general media, three are the most recurrent: the EU intention to balance the US hegemony, the accession of Portugal and Spain to the EU, and the processes of democratisation, economic liberalisation, and regional integration which took place in the Southern Cone States. Most of the explanations for this rapprochement have, however, not been treated in a methodologically systematic fashion. This study attempts to fill this gap, and to develop an in-depth empirical analysis with a conceptual framework based on current IR literature. Two case studies were selected, both for their representativeness of the most conflictuous aspects of the bi-regional relationship, as well as for methodological considerations, namely, foreign direct investment and agricultural trade. The analysis developed for the first question was based on a descriptive inference of the level of the EU foreign policy behaviour towards the Southern Cone States. This level was analysed on the basis of a number of indicators of the relevant EU policies...

Approaches to the study of foreign policy. Derived from international relations theories

Rittberger, Volker
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
An investigation of theories of foreign policy derived from three competing "schools of thought" or "paradigms" in current International Relations, viz. neorealism, utilitarian liberalism, and constructivism. Both neorealist and utilitarian liberal theories of foreign policy work from the assumption of rational actors making decisions based on the self-interested calculation of benefits and costs of available behavioral options. They differ sharply, however, with respect to the question of who are to be regarded as the fundamental actors of international relations and, by implication, of foreign policy making: for neorealism, foreign policy is the exclusive domain of black-boxed, unitarily acting states; utilitarian liberalism, by contrast, envisions states not as actors in the first place but as institutions which domestic societal actors (including both organized private actors and politicians and bureaucrats) use to further their interests at home and abroad. Constructivism breaks with the rationalist consensus shared by the other two theories, replacing homo oeconomicus with homo sociologicus and hence advocating, and building upon, an image of actors as norm-guided "role players" rather than "utility maximizers". In another respect...

Public Opinion and Japanese Foreign Policy Decision-Making Processes During the Koizumi Administration; Japans öffentliche Meinung und außenpolitische Entscheidungsprozesse während der Koizumi Administration

Pohlkamp, Elli-Katharina
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
Recent studies diverge in their assessments of the extent to which Japanese public opinion may have an influence in foreign policy-making. Societal participation has traditionally not played a significant role in policy formation. This view has been strongly represented in academia until today. Over the 1990s a visible change and an emerging societal activism was taking place in Japan. Research has only recently begun to understand how, and to what extend, public opinion affects the policy-making process on salient domestic issues, but we know far less about the relationship to and effects of public opinion on Japan’s foreign policy-making. The aim of this PhD thesis is to take a closer look at the possible impact of public opinion in Japanese foreign policy decision-making during the leadership of Prime Minister Koizumi (2001-2006). More precisely, to identify and test conditions, which facilitate the impact of public opinion in the foreign policy decision-making processes of Japan. The results shall contribute to explanations of governmental behavior during a strong prime ministerial leadership. Further evidence shall be given, how and when a strong leader chooses to react to public opinion. Methods used in this study are cases study analysis and process-tracing. Reconstruction and interpretation as well as standardized...

Correlation of identity and interest in foreign policy : implications for Mongolia

Dorjjugder, Munkh-Ochir.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 150 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; Since the collapse of the Communist bloc, Mongolia has pursued the independent foreign policy with balanced relations attached to the two great neighbors - Russia and China. Meanwhile, the search for a "third neighbor" (the United States, Japan and/or the collective community of democracies) has been seen as the alternative approach to the existing "neighbor-oriented" policy. The thesis argues that both approaches are not mutually exclusive schools of foreign policy, but rather constitute the common approach that is described within this research as "bufferism." To present an alternative vision of the nation's foreign policy orientation, the thesis covers the major schools of international relations and identifies the two major causes of policy: identity (based on constructivism) and interest (based on realism). As a nation, Mongolia faces the identity trilemma and the security dilemma, without much preference given to any of these options during the last decade. Hence appears the nation's ambiguity in identity, security and economic development. The thesis puts the argument that without prioritizing one option, Mongolia faces the risk of degrading into a failing state isolated from the global affairs. Thus...

Gathering voices or gathering dust? influencing Pacific foreign policy in Australia

Miller, Jessica
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
The Australian Institute of International Affairs is an established and reputable institution committed to facilitating the discussion of international affairs. But does inviting 30 Australia and Pacific Islander thinkers on foreign policy for a chat and lunch at Parliament House followed by drinks at the Governor-Generals' house actually make Australia's Pacific foreign policy any better? If you have a guest list like the AllA did for the National Presidents' Forum, then the answer is yes. Listening to, and discussing issues with leaders and thinkers from Australia and Pacific Island Nations is the most effective way to influence good foreign policy. The leading theorists Allan Gyngell and Professor Michael Wesley explain the importance of understanding the processes within the foreign policy machinery. These include the hierarchy and power relationships between Government, institutions and actors' collective roles and responsibilities. The National President's Forum, as a case study presented in this report serves as a context for analysing foreign policy processes. Gyngell & Wesley's modelling framework is applied to the National Presidents' Forum. Through the application of Gyngell & Wesley's model to The Forum to a comparative analysis of current thinking about Pacific Island policy issues...

The interaction of Australia's foreign policy and public diplomacy: two case studies.

Wallbridge, Rachel
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
Governments have progressively lost their monopoly over foreign policy with private organizations and citizens becoming increasingly informed about policy and geopolitical issues. Because of this, democratic governments have accepted that they have to engage with foreign publics more and more as a condition of successful foreign policy. Given this, there is a need for governments to utilise soft power methods, such as public diplomacy, in order to ' attract' private foreign citizens to their values and ideals. This is done so that when future polices are formulated and implemented; they are more likely to be perceived as legitimate by foreign publics', which in turnl leads to less and more effective use of its hard power tactics, including use of their military. Public diplomacy is big business in Europe and the US, and is the top priority of those at international posts. Its importance is also reflected through the fact that public diplomacy accounts for a large percentage of their foreign department budgets. This is in stark contrast to the situation in Australia where public diplomacy is a relatively underutilised phenomenon; however, along with the assistance of the Senate's current enquiry, it seems the momentum is slowly shifting. While it is accepted that public diplomacy is essential to having important soft power influence...

The historical trajectory of the relations between Australia and Latin America; Australian foreign policy and its implications for the future

Park, Su
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This report encompasses the development of Australia-Latin America relations from a historical perspective. At the outset, a comprehensive definition of "Latin America" and the socio-econopolitical framework is provided to assist the general knowledge about Latin America before the Australia-Latin America relations and foreign policy is discussed. This is done in a chronological manner, in order of the key political, social, economic events that took place in Latin America. The importance of the political framework in particular is important when discussing the Australia-Latin America relations. It was innovating and interesting to discuss the relationship in terms of Australia's foreign policy. This is an area the academic scholars have not yet discovered, thus, it was challenging and limited in terms of resources. The fact was that Latin America was entirely out of discussion in Howard's foreign policy, and this was difficult to link back in terms of relationship. Thus, it was my analysis in Chapter 2 by observing Australian political climate derived from foreign policy under the Howard government. The shift in attitude under the new government was the most enjoyable part of the report. It was interesting to link the shift of political atmosphere under the Rudd government and the change of attitude towards Latin America. As a consequence...

German Foreign Policy in the 21st Century- Current and Emerging Trends

Park, Chanmi
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
After World War 11, Germany was completely deprived of its influence not only in Europe, but also internationally. Germany also lacked sovereignty because of its occupation by the allied powers. Nevertheless, its postwar German foreign policy included: European integration, especially in terms of maintaining a strategic partnership with France, and in integrating into the West through multilateralism. The key objective of postwar German foreign policy was to regain its influence in international politics without having to involve itself militarily - a concept which carries negative references of Germany's past. Germany's participation in the international arena was limited until unification. In addition, this post-unification period restored Germany's national identity, preparing it to begin more specific policymaking. Unlike the predecessors, Schroder and Fischer believed that Germany should take part, not only in the European sphere but also in international affairs. This new responsibllity required Germany to move away from its fundamental norm of being a pacifist power to one engaging more and more in adopting the use of military force. The change in the direction of German foreign policy under Schroder and Fischer resulted in a failure of further integrating Europe...

The World of the United States Foreign Policy Elite: A Case Study of the U.S. Foreign Policy Think Tanks' Debates in the General Elections of 2004, 2008, and 2012

Serri, Seyed Hamidreza
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
American foreign policy think tanks are an important part of the American foreign policy elite. By gathering data, publishing research, and reaching out to the public and government, think tanks help set the public debate agenda. The question I asked was whether these American foreign policy think tanks exhibited a shared worldview during the past three election cycles. I analyzed 7,000 documents (half a million verbs) published by the seven American foreign policy think tanks active in the three general elections of 2004, 2008, and 2012: the American Enterprise Institute, the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Cato Institute, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Heritage Foundation, and the RAND Corporation. To measure the collective and individual worldviews of these seven think tanks, I used the Profiler Plus software, which answered Alexander George’s operational code questions based on the transitive verbs for the Self and the Other. My research showed that the collectivity of the seven think tanks had three separate worlds of action with three different worldviews. It also showed that the worldview of the American collective Self was very stable across time. Another empirical finding was that from the perspective of the seven think tanks...

17.40 American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future, Fall 2002; American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future

Van Evera, Stephen
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 15905 bytes; 20814 bytes; 50351 bytes; 90297 bytes; 25791 bytes; 20711 bytes; 26479 bytes; 20304 bytes; 11 bytes; 4586 bytes; 21366 bytes; 11602 bytes; 38351 bytes; 4755 bytes; 27322 bytes; 25313 bytes; 4039 bytes; 301 bytes; 354 bytes; 339 bytes; 180 byt
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Course mission: to explain and evaluate past and present United States foreign policies. What caused the United States' past involvement in foreign wars and interventions? Were the results of U.S. policies good or bad? Would other policies have better served the U.S. and/or the wider world? Were the beliefs that guided U.S. policy true or false? If false, what explains these misperceptions? General theories that bear on the causes and consequences of American policy will be applied to explain and evaluate past and present policies. The history of United States foreign policy in the 20th century is covered in detail. Functional topics are also covered: U.S. military policy, U.S. foreign economic policy, and U.S. policy on human rights and democracy overseas. Finally, we will predict and prescribe for the future. What policies should the U.S. adopt toward current problems and crises? These problems include the war against Al Qaeda and the wider war on terror; Iraq and Saddam Hussein; the Taiwan Straits; the Central African conflicts; and more. What should be the U.S. stance on global environmental and human rights questions?

Political parties, foreign policy and ideology: Argentina and Chile in comparative perspective

Onuki,Janina; Ribeiro,Pedro Feliú; Oliveira,Amâncio Jorge de
Fonte: Brazilian Political Science Review (Online) Publicador: Brazilian Political Science Review (Online)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
The aim of this article is to discuss the distribution of preferences of members of the Chilean and Argentinian Congress on foreign policy issues through the analysis of roll call votes. This goal is guided by the debate in Latin American literature concerning the decision-making process in foreign policy. The predominant argument focuses on the Executive as the principal decision-maker, disregarding the Legislative as relevant in this field. Thus, legislators would tend to abdicate from their preferences in determining foreign policy. Confronting this argument, we have many studies emphasising the importance of domestic actors in the foreign policy decision-making process. This article proposes to analyse two case studies in comparative perspective: the lower houses of the national parliaments of Argentina and Chile. The result is that the party ideology is a relevant explanatory factor of deputies' votes. Although the argument is more evident for the Chilean case, it is possible to argue that there is a similar pattern to the structuring of deputies' votes in the two countries, both on the domestic and on the international arena. The methodology used makes it possible to infer legislators' preferences by means of roll call votes and of the construction of maps of deputies' ideal points in foreign policy terms...