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Políticas públicas educacionais: apontamentos a partir de um estudo com famílias e estudantes de Ribeirão Preto e Sorocaba no Estado de São Paulo; Educational public policies: remarks from a family-student study in the municipalities of Ribeirão Preto and Sorocaba in São Paulo state

Nascimento, Éwerton Cabral do
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/10/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
As sociedades mundiais passam por mudanças substanciais que repercutem nas áreas da educação, administração e políticas públicas. Apesar de avanços, o desempenho do sistema educacional brasileiro ainda é deficitário. Nesse sentido, merece destaque a iniciativa do governo em disponibilizar o banco de dados da educação para investigações científicas. O objetivo deste estudo é identificar pistas para políticas públicas educacionais a partir do posicionamento de pais/ responsáveis e estudantes de escolas com diferentes índices de Ideb, em Ribeirão Preto e Sorocaba, estado de São Paulo, tendo como pano de fundo a teoria do habitus, segundo a abordagem de Pierre Bourdieu. As dimensões de análise do estudo são: a Participação dos pais/ responsáveis na vida escolar dos estudantes; o Conhecimento dos pais/ responsáveis da realidade escolar; a Dedicação dos estudantes às atividades escolares; o Ambiente familiar; o Contato com estímulo ao estudo; a Admiração pela escola; o Encorajamento da escola à participação dos pais/ responsáveis na vida escolar; e a Crença na escola e na educação. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa aplicada, quantitativa, descritiva, através de procedimentos de levantamento...

Critical Review of Research on Families and Family Policies in Europe Conference Report

Wall, Karin, 1955-; Leitão, Mafalda; Ramos, Vasco
Fonte: FAMILY PLATFORM Publicador: FAMILY PLATFORM
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em /09/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
This report was produced by FAMILYPLATFORM. FAMILYPLATFORM (SSH-2009-3.2.2 Social platform on research for families and family policies) is funded by the EU’s 7th Framework Programme (€1,400,000) and has a duration of 18 months (October 2009 – March 2011). The consortium consists of the following 12 organisations: 1) Technical University Dortmund (Coordinators); 2) State Institute for Family Research, University of Bamberg; 3) Family Research Centre, University of Jyväskylä; 4) Austrian Institute for Family Studies, University of Vienna; 5) Demographic Research Institute, Budapest; 6) Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon; 7) Department of Sociology and Social research, University of Milan-Bicocca; 8) Institute of International and Social Studies, Tallinn University; 9) London School of Economics; 10) Confederation of Family Organisations in the European Union (COFACE), Brussels; 11) Forum delle Associazioni Familiari, Italy; 12) Mouvement Mondial des Mères, Brussels; Contact info@familyplatform.eu or visit http://www.familyplatform.eu for more information.; The aim of this Critical Review Report is to describe and report on the international conference "Families and Family Policies in Europe - A Critical Review"...

Recent reforms in French and German family policies

Fagnani, Jeanne; Math, Antoine
Fonte: Editora Mundos Sociais Publicador: Editora Mundos Sociais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Este artigo analisa se as reformas recentemente introduzidas nas políticas da família, tanto em França como na Alemanha, estão a direccionar os dois países para uma convergência. A Alemanha tem introduzido mudanças drásticas, especialmente um novo subsídio de licença parental, enquanto a França, por seu lado, optou por uma abordagem mais gradual que se tem traduzido por um reforço da promoção das suas políticas de conciliação trabalho-família juntamente com um aumento continuado da oferta de serviços de cuidados a crianças durante a última década. Apesar de um aumento na oferta global de equipamentos de cuidados a crianças, a Alemanha continua atrás da França neste domínio, fenómeno que pode ser parcialmente explicado por uma combinação de obstáculos institucionais, a persistência de normas sociais no que diz respeito aos cuidados a crianças com idades inferiores a três anos e uma procura excessiva. Defendemos que os principais motores para uma mudança paradigmática na Alemanha têm sido as preocupações com as consequências do declínio da fertilidade, da falta de trabalhadores qualificados e, segundo um estudo da OCDE, o desvanecimento de certezas sobre a educação infantil. Em França...

Searching for a New Silver Age in Russia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Russia’s population is expected to age significantly over the next few decades. The coming decline in Russia’s working-age population will pose serious social and economic challenges, but it can also open up opportunities. Without adequate adjustments of policies and behaviors, an aging population can impair national growth and fiscal sustainability. These pessimistic forecasts, however, are based on the unrealistic assumption that individuals and government policy will not change. Achieving healthy, active, and prosperous aging will require policy changes across a host of areas. Policies to support women can both limit population aging and increase labor force participation. Changes in behavior and policy can greatly mitigate the impact of aging on growth and fiscal sustainability. Promoting adult education and better age-management human resources policies at the firm level is essential to improve the employment prospects for older workers and raise productivity across the age spectrum. This volume presents research from the World Bank on the impact of demographic trends in Russia. The first section focuses on the macroeconomic impacts of aging and considers how aging has affected gross domestic product (GDP) growth and convergence among Russian regions since the early 1990s; it also offers alternative approaches to forecasting the relationship between aging and growth. The second section...

Family Policies in Russia

Elizarov, Valeriy; Levin, Victoria
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Policymakers in many countries, including the Russian Federation, are attempting to encourage fertility as part of their response to the challenge of population aging. Whether pro-natalist policies will be effective depends crucially on how well they address the underlying causes of low fertility and barriers to larger family size. While in some countries in Western Europe postponing childbearing and increased childlessness seem to be driving the fertility decline, these factors do not appear to be as influential in Russia. Instead, the problem seems to be the relatively low frequency of second and higher-order births, which persists despite major changes to pro-natalist policies introduced in 2007 and the prevalence of the two-child ideal of family size. This study analyzes current and prospective fertility trends in contemporary Russia, with special attention to second-child birth dynamics and its determinants. Stable employment and accessibility of formal childcare options are found to be factors that are correlated with mothers preferences for additional children and the probability that they will have a second child. In light of this observation and international experience...

Differences in Family Policies and the Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce

DRONKERS, Jaap; ENGELHARDT, Henriette; TRAPPE, Heike
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 180190 bytes; application/pdf; digital
EN
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The intergenerational transmission of the risk of divorce is a well-known long-term effect of divorce that has been found in many Western societies. Less known is what effect different family policies and divorce laws have on the intergenerational transmission of divorce. In this paper, the division of Germany into two separate states from 1949 until 1990, with the consequent development of two very different family policies, is regarded as a natural experiment that enables us to investigate the effect of family policy on the mechanisms underlying the social inheritance of divorce. Data from respondents from the former East and West Germany participating in the German Life History Study are analyzed using multivariate event-history methods. The results indicate that the strength of the intergenerational divorce transmission, when adjusted for differences in divorce level, was lower in the East than in the West. Differences in religion, marriage age and timing of first birth, which are partial indicators of family policy, could explain this effect. Furthermore, we did find a tendency towards a reduction in the dynamics of divorce transmission over time, both in East Germany and in West Germany.

Ideas, rules, and agency: Public bureaucrats and the evolution of family policies in Hungary and Poland

SZELEWA, Dorota
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Defense Date: 25/09/2009; Examining Board: László Bruszt (EUI), Jula S. O'Oconnor (University of Ulster), Ann Shola Orloff (Northwestern University), Sven Steinmo (EUI) (Supervisor); The starting point for the thesis is the striking difference between the mixes of family policies in the two post-communist countries: Hungary and Poland. I argue that Poland can be best viewed as a case of implicit familialism, and Hungary as a case of what I call, optional familialism. Polish family policy is largely residual in the sense that social programs in Poland leave the sphere of care almost solely to the family. In Hungary, in contrast, we find a much more ‘progressive’ family support system with relatively generous benefits and services in support of women and childcare. In my view, the differences in family policy between these two countries are in themselves substantively interesting. We need to know more about family policies in this part of the world. But I am also interested in explaining these differences. I find it puzzling that these two countries share broadly common historical experiences having both undergone massive and similar regime changes over the past 50 years - yet appear to have developed such different policy systems. It would be reasonable to expect that they would have similar social (and in this case: family) policies. What we find...

The Continuing Legacy of the Communist Legacy? the Development of Family Policies in Poland and the Czech Republic

SAXONBERG, Steven; SZELEWA, Dorota
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This article compares family policies in Poland and the Czech Republic in order to explain why the two countries have different policies. Previous studies are right to claim that post-communist family policies are basically going in a refamilialist direction that gives mothers a greater incentive to return to the home, but they tend to neglect the important differences that exist between countries. Although previous studies were correct to emphasize the role of the anti-feminist communist legacy in explaining this trend toward re-famialilization, it is a country's economic-institutional legacy that goes the farthest in explaining the differences in policies.

Family Policies and Children's School Achievement in Single- Versus Two-Parent Families

DRONKERS, Jaap; PONG, Suet-ling; HAMPDEN-THOMPSON, Gillian
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We investigate the gap in math and science achievement of third- and fourth-graders who live with a single parent versus those who live with two parents in 11 countries. The United States and New Zealand rank last among the countries we compare in terms of the equality of achievement between children from single-parent families and those from two-parent homes. Following a multilevel analysis, we find single parenthood to be less detrimental when family policies equalize resources between single- and two-parent families. In addition, the single- and two-parent achievement gap is greater in countries where single-parent families are more prevalent. We conclude that national family policies can offset the negative academic outcomes of single parenthood.

Focusing on care: family policy and problems of analysis; Schwerpunkt auf der Fürsorge: Familienpolitik und die Probleme ihrer Analyse

Woods, Dorian R.
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper; info:eu-repo/semantics/other
EN
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This paper addresses problems of analysis in family policy and suggests new standards of examination. The first part of the paper outlines Esping-Andersen's interpretation of family policy and its functions within the wel-fare state from his 1999 work "Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies". I explain how the terms defamilialization, familialism and non-familialism and their influence on other authors incompletely address families with regard to current issues. I show that the conceptualization, measurement, and interpretation of family policy are lacking. This has consequences for addressing and interpreting overall welfare state devel-opment. In the second part of my paper, I propose a conceptualization to interpret family policy which especially addresses the perspective of the general carer in the welfare state. Here is a focal point that gives better in-sight into the welfare state crisis and how a welfare state could be more adequately conceptualized. The issue of care, I argue, is very much part of what has become a question of the welfare state function and the problems faced by the welfare state. The terms that I have coined to capture family policy functions in the welfare state with an analytical focus on care are carer-commodification and carer-stratification. They have their theoretical roots in empirical studies on family policy developments in the U.S. and the U.K. Finally...

'The mighty pillar of the family': Young people's vocabularies on household gender arrangements in the Asia-Pacific region

Bulbeck, M.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
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45.88%
In the light of women’s increased labour force participation and the demands of western feminism for men’s participation in housework and childcare, this article analyses vocabularies on these issues among young people in Australia, USA and Canada and seven countries in Asia. While very few young people in any of the samples use explicitly feminist justifications for their statements, there is high support for sharing housework when both partners are in paid work. By contrast, the strong support for role reversal — for men being ‘house husbands’ — is confined to the western samples. The article explores reasons for these differences based in respondents’ domestic experiences and national family policies. Where many of the western respondents rely on equality or individualism, the Asian respondents are more likely to understand the role of the husband and wife in the context of their duties to each other and the nation or to assert the existence of gender differences between men and women.; Chilla Bulbeck; The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com

Creating choice or social engineering? An exploration of government assistance to Australian families

Tai, Rebekha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
Australian Prime Minister John Howard has stated that his government's family policies increase parents' choices about they wish to balance work and caring. By looking at the current government family initiatives and their practical application one can examine whether these policies really do create more choices. The Coalition's family policies reward breadwinner families disproportionately and so supports parents who make this choice more than others. The Australian Government has historically assisted families with the costs of raising children. This has occurred primarily through welfare payments, which have been given to those families believed to need help the most. Today's government continues this tradition of aiding families through financial payments, spending $18.2 billion this financial year on the five dominant family assistance payments alone. All these payments, except the Baby Bonus, are means-tested to ensure these payments continue to target those parents deemed most in need. These payments disproportionately benefit families with one full-time working parent and a parent that either does not work or works very little. The rates of family payments give greatest benefits to families that split income earning on a ratio of 80/20. Further...

Casais interetnicos - Filhos bilingues? : representações como indicios de politicas de (não) transmissão da lingua minoritaria da familia; Intercultural couples - bilingual offsprings? : representations as evidences of family policies for the (non) transmission of the minority language

Veronica Maria de Gouveia Coelho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/07/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
A pesquisa retratada nesta dissertação investigou as representações, aqui entendidas como construções discursivas, de sujeitos bilíngues em contexto de casamento interétnico, de forma a descrever e discutir os modos como essas representações afetam a disposição da família para a transmissão da Língua Materna do Cônjuge Imigrante (LMCI). A pesquisa, de natureza qualitativa-interpretativista, elegeu como focos privilegiados de investigação as representações dos participantes acerca do bilingüismo familiar, de suas próprias identidades linguístico-culturais e das de seus cônjuges. O suporte teórico do trabalho adveio, principalmente, de autores do campo da Lingüística Aplicada em interface com as áreas da Linguística, Sociolinguística, Políticas Lingüísticas e Estudos Culturais. O corpus analisado foi composto por registros gerados a partir de entrevistas semiestruturados nas quais se buscou delinear as histórias de vida dos sujeitos da pesquisa. Foram entrevistados 07 progenitores bilíngues residentes no Brasil (03 brasileiros e 04 estrangeiros) que, à época da geração dos registros, eram ou haviam sido casados com falantes de outras línguas que não as suas próprias línguas maternas. A análise dos dados revelou que...

El declive de la familia como capital social en la Unión Europea: algunos indicadores; The Decline of the Family as a Source of Social Capital in the EU: Some Indicators; O declínio da família como capital social na União Europeia: alguns indicadores

Rodríguez-Sedano, Alfredo; Department of Education, Universidad de Navarra; Aguilera, Juan Carlos; Faculty of Education, Universidad de los Andes; Costa-Paris, Ana; Faculty of Education, Universidad de los Andes
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
En este artículo se muestra cómo en la política social de la Unión Europea (UE) no se presta la atención debida a la familia como factor de desarrollo y cohesión social. Se comienza con una reflexión conceptual sobre la familia como capital social. A continuación se aborda el estudio del capital social como fuente de adquisición de valores fundamentales para la educación moral y cívica. Después se muestra cómo, a pesar del crecimiento poblacional que ha ido experimentando la UE, se observan una serie de síntomas de agotamiento del capital social. Para vislumbrar ese agotamiento nos serviremos de algunos indicadores básicos, que manifiestan que las políticas sociales y familiares no van en la línea adecuada de lo que constituye el capital social. La reflexión desarrollada permite constatar que el declive del capital social en la UE obedece fundamentalmente al progresivo desconocimiento de la familia como elemento de cohesión y desarrollo social.; This article shows how social policy in the European Union (EU) fails to give proper attention to the family as a factor in social development and cohesion. It begins with a conceptual overview of the family as social capital, followed by an assessment of social capital as a source of gaining the fundamental values for moral and civic education. It goes on to show how...

Incidencia de las políticas familiares en el empleo femenino en los estados de bienestar del sur de Europa en perspectiva comparada

Moreno Mínguez, Almudena
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
El objetivo de este artículo es presentar los hallazgos más relevantes de una investigación comparada realizada sobre la incidencia que ha tenido el desarrollo de las políticas familiares desarrolladas por los diferentes estados de bienestar en el empleo femenino. La hipótesis de partida que ha guiado la realización de esta investigación se refiere al hecho de que, en los países del entorno del sur de Europa (España, Grecia e Italia), el limitado desarrollo institucional que han tenido las políticas familiares ha reducido la incorporación de la mujer al mercado laboral, lo que explicaría las reducidas tasas de actividad y ocupación femeninas características de estos países. Para llevar a cabo la investigación, se ha empleado la perspectiva comparada y la explotación de datos procedentes de diferentes fuentes estadísticas, tales como Eurostat y la OCDE.; The aim of this paper is to present the main achievements from a research in compared perspective carried out on the incidence that the development of the family policies in different Welfare States have had in the female employment. The hypothesis as starting point that has guided this research refers to the fact that in the Southern European countries (Spain, Greece and Italy) the scarce institutional development in the family policies has limited the incorporation of the women to the labour market...

Os cuidados familiares: Aspectos da reprodução social à luz da desigualdade de gênero; Family Care: Factors of Social Reproduction in Light of Gender Inequality; Los cuidados familiares. Aspectos de la reproducción social a la luz de la desigualdad de género

Krmpotic, Claudia; Unlam - Buenos Aires - Argentina; Ieso, Lia Carla de; UNLaM - Buenos Aires - Argentina
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc) Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2010 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-49802010000100011O artigo propõe um percurso menos habitual para se compreender questões de gênero e desigualdade, a partir daquelas funções que se organizam através do parentesco e da vida doméstica. Neste sentido, família e lar explicam a função de “cuidados” considerada hoje em dia um valioso recurso de caráter tanto tangível como intangível; um meio que concilia o âmbito produtivo e reprodutivo, em momentos em que se advoga pelos cuidados familiares como problema social e objeto de políticas públicas. Pensar na relação entre gênero e cuidados permite vincular não apenas o papel da família, Estado e mercado, a partir de posições “familistas”, como a partir de um regime “desfamiliarizador”, mas também incluir, nesta dinâmica, outras instituições da sociedade civil, os sistemas educativos e legais, e os sistemas de crenças.; This article proposes taking an uncommon route to understanding gender and inequality, based on functions organized around kinship and residency. In this sense, family and home are components of the function of “care” currently considered to be a valuable resource that is either tangible or intangible; in an environment that conciliates the productive and reproductive realm...

Revisiting the social construction of family in the context of work

Beauregard, T. Alexandra; Ozbilgin, Mustafa; Bell, Myrtle P.
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Purpose of this paper: To demonstrate how traditional definitions of family, in the context of employment, have not kept pace with actual family formation in the U.S. and much of the rest of the world, and how this disadvantages individuals from atypical (i.e., non-nuclear), but increasingly common, families. Design/methodology/approach: A wide range of literature from disciplines spanning industrial relations, gerontology, management, and family studies is invoked to illustrate how employers’ definitions of “family” are often incompatible with actual contemporary family structures, and how this poses difficulties for employed individuals in non-traditional families. Findings: Many family structures are not accounted for by employment legislation and thus organizational work-family policies. These include same-sex couples, multi-generational and extended families (e.g., including parents or other elders; members from outside the bloodline or with grandparents providing primary care for grandchildren) and virtual families. Practical implications (if applicable): We discuss a number of problems associated with current provision of work-family policy and practice among organizations, and recommend that governments and organizations expand upon the traditional definition of “family” to better enable employees in a variety of familial configurations to successfully balance their work and family demands. What is original/value of paper: This paper identifies current failings in employment legislation and suggests improvements so that both governments and organizations can better facilitate employees’ work-life balance. As such...

The family gap in pay: evidence from seven industrialised countries

Harkness, Susan; Waldfogel, Jane
Fonte: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /12/1999 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this paper we use microdata on employment and earnings from a variety of industrialised countries to investigate the family gap in pay - the differential in hourly wages between women with children and women without children. We present results from seven countries: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Finland, and Sweden. We find that there is a good deal of variation across our sample countries in the effects of children on women's employment. We also find large differences in the effects of children on women's hourly wages even after controlling for differences between women with children and women without children in characteristics such as age and education. Among the seven countries we study here, the United Kingdom displays the largest wage penalties to children. The family gap in pay is larger in the U.K. than in other countries because of the higher propensity of U.K. mothers to work in low-paid part-time jobs but also because even among full-timers, women with children in the U.K. are lower paid relative to other women than are mothers in other countries. Why does the family gap in pay vary so much across countries? We find that the variation in the family gap in pay across countries is not primarily due to differential selection into employment or to differences in wage structure. We therefore suggest that future research should examine the impact of family policies such as maternity leave and child care on the family gap in pay.

Recent reforms in French and German family policies: Similar challenges, different responses

Fagnani,Jeanne; Math,Antoine
Fonte: Editora Mundos Sociais Publicador: Editora Mundos Sociais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
This article investigates whether the recent reforms introduced in the family policies of both France and Germany are leading the two countries towards some measure of convergence. Germany has favoured dramatic changes, especially a new parental leave allowance, while France, for its part, has chosen a more gradual approach that has translated into an enhancement of its promotion of work-family reconciliation policies along with steady increases in spending related to childcare provision over the last decade. Despite a rise in its overall supply of childcare Germany still lags far behind France in this domain, a phenomenon that can be partially explained by a combination of institutional obstacles, the persistence of social norms governing childcare for under-3s, and excessive demand. We argue that the main drivers for paradigmatic change in Germany have been concerns over the consequences of declining fertility; a shortfall of qualified workers; and, the shattering of certitudes following an OECD study on childhood education. In France reforms in parental leave policies have been more incremental with, for example, mothers being encouraged to retain their links to the workforce even while on leave. But while the reforms adopted by Germany represent a radical departure from the former ‘male-breadwinner model’...

Old and new family policies: The perspective of relational sociology

Donati,Pierpaolo
Fonte: Editora Mundos Sociais Publicador: Editora Mundos Sociais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Family policy has recently become a new public issue in most countries, as a consequence of two main trends: on the one side the deep transformations of family forms, and on the other side the obsolescence of family policy models inherited from the 20th century (lib, lab, and corporate). Family policy needs a referent defined in relational terms. It cannot be effective and just if policy doesn’t confer a status of social subject to the family. The author proposes a new approach to family policy: a relational approach, based on two fundamental pillars: (1) the adoption of a principle of complex subsidiarity in the governance of family policies; (2) the recognition of the complex citizenship (political and civil) of the family, coherent with the subsidiarity principle.