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Cultures at work: the case of italian expatriates in Brazil

Carucci, Andrea
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
Esta tese de mestrado tem por intenção entender quais são as mais importantes diferenças culturais para os expatriados Italianos que trabalham no Brasil e aprender as implicações práticas para o ambiente de trabalho. O método utilizado foi qualitativo, com 23 entrevistas em profundidade com expatriados italianos de nível médio ate top management, com experiência de trabalho no Brasil. Os resultados indicam que os expatriados Italianos experimentam dificuldades com as diferenças em termos de comunicação, distinção entre as esfera profissional e privada, distancia do poder e planejamento. Em contrapartida, outros fatores como a discriminação positiva para os estrangeiros, diferenças em geneder equality e masculinidade, assim como com a atitude positiva dos workplaces e uma economia em crescimento, todos influenciam de maneira positiva a experiência do expatriado. Enfim, algumas sugestões práticas sobre os efeitos das diferenças culturais e sobre a estruturação de um possível cross-cultural training são expostas.

Pioneers across war zones: The lived acculturation experiences of US female military expatriates.

Kelly Fischer; Katie Hutchings; Luisa Helena Pinto
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
This exploratory study focuses on the lived acculturation experiences of United States (US) female career military expatriates who worked and lived in combat settings across five war zones. Based on an analysis of oral histories that spanned over 60 years, the research revealed that these pioneering women had a strong commitment to their profession, and that this, along with camaraderie, facilitated their adaptation to living conditions characterized by extreme danger, nominal domestic comforts, and unrelenting work requirements in culturally unfamiliar contexts. The research identified the multiple physical and psychological stressors of living and working as a female in a war zone and the variety of coping strategies employed for acculturation, particularly the prominent role of relational support from family and friends, and a combination of personal coping mechanisms (such as crying or compartmentalization) and religious faith. As extant expatriate research has overwhelmingly focused on male executives in multinational corporations, this research is significant in extending the literature to an analysis of the public sector, specifically women deployed overseas in highly dangerous settings and who were pioneering in both their roles in the military and as non-traditional expatriates at a time when few women worked internationally.

O regresso dos expatriados à organização e país de origem

Pimenta, Ana Patrícia Ruivo
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.91%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Gestão Estratégica de Recursos Humanos; O estudo desenvolvido enquadra-se na temática “O Regresso dos Expatriados à Organização e País de Origem” tendo como objectivo perceber todos os condicionalismos a que estão sujeitos os quadros de uma empresa que vão em missão para outro País e regressam após algum tempo à organização de origem. A investigação alicerça-se numa análise qualitativa com base em entrevistas semiestruturadas a seis expatriados/repatriados de uma organização que na primeira década deste século foram expatriados e regressaram à sua empresa de origem. A empresa em questão tem como sector de actividade a indústria automóvel. Estas informações foram complementadas através do testemunho recolhido junto das duas cônjuges que acompanharam os expatriados durante o período da missão e pelo responsável de recursos humanos da empresa em questão. O essencial que nos foi referido, remete para a percepção, por parte dos expatriados/repatriados, de um processo estruturado que valoriza as respectivas competências e mais-valias adquiridas pelos colaboradores, aquando do seu regresso e respectiva integração na empresa. Estes dados confirmam as preocupações manifestadas pelo Responsável de Recursos Humanos da empresa...

From expatriates’ information needs to information management in the expatriation cycle

Pinheiro, Mónica; Barrulas, Maria Joaquina
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /10/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.99%
Globalization has intensified the flow of companies’ top executives across borders. New information needs arise and are added to several other challenges faced by these executives when they move to a foreign country. Cultural differences of the host countries, and lack of local language skills preventing expatriates making sense of the social context and physical environment surrounding them, are among those challenges. This paper reports findings of a study aimed at identifying and understanding the role of information in top executives’ mobility process, during expatriation cycle. The study was carried out between 2003 and 2004, and covered half of the existing expatriates working for a Portuguese economic group of the financial sector, in three different country operations. The case study was the methodological approach chosen. To understand the information needs of expatriates, three embedded cases were considered, illustrating the economic group as a whole. The embedded cases corresponded to business operations in three different countries that had begun operating at different times (1997, 2000, and 2003). The choice of the countries accounted for: variety and diversity of the business operations abroad, their political importance and different stages of expatriates in the expatriation cycle. Several data collection methods were used...

A way out of the crises for expatriates: The mediating role of psychological capital

Amaral, Ana Rita Marques Martins
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.7%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; This study reports on the experience of 10 expatriates during the severe economic downturn in Portugal. Following a phenomenological research method based on in-depth interviews, we explore the challenges and opportunities faced by the group. The report concludes that expatriates with psychological capital (high on hope, optimism, resilience and self-efficacy) are more likely to cope better with the economic climate, overcoming feelings of pressure and helplessness to achieve professional and personal opportunities and gains. The discussion then focus on how should MNEs better prepare expatriates using PsyCap as a selection criteria and part of the pre-departure training.

The ethical dilemma of expatriates in emerging economies: A liminal perspective

Guimarães-Costa, Nuno; Cunha, Miguel Pina e
Fonte: Nova SBE Publicador: Nova SBE
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
Adjustment to emerging economies is benefited if Western expatriates recognise they are experiencing a liminal situation, which can lead to the instrumental utilisation of coping strategies as equivalent to rites of passage between distinct ethical frameworks. Given the characteristics ascribed to rites, the ethical dilemma resulting from the simultaneous demand to abide by local rules and to respect Western ethical principles is more easily solved. Consequently, effective and sustainable adjustment is favoured. Implications for organisations and individuals are discussed.

Risk factors for infection with human immmunodeficiency virus among European expatriates in Africa.

Bonneux, L.; Van der Stuyft, P.; Taelman, H.; Cornet, P.; Goilav, C.; van der Groen, G.; Piot, P.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/09/1988 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.57%
The pattern of cases of AIDS in Belgium suggests that Europeans infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquired the infection in Africa. The prevalence of infection was assessed in Belgian advisers and European expatriates and risk factors for infection defined in a case-control study of expatriate men. Fifteen (1.1%) of 1401 Belgian advisers working in Africa and 41 (0.9%) of 4564 European expatriates living in Africa, were positive for antibody to HIV in a voluntary screening programme in Belgium. Among subjects with antibody to HIV the ratio of men to women was 3:1. These subjects did not have a history of intravenous drug abuse or blood transfusion and only one was homosexual. In a case-control study of 33 expatriate men who had antibody to HIV and 119 controls the men with antibody reported significantly more female sexual partners, who were more commonly local; and significantly more sexual contact with prostitutes in Africa. They had a significantly higher prevalence of history of sexually transmitted disease and had received significantly more injections by unqualified staff in Africa during the previous five years. No specific sexual practices were associated with having antibody to HIV. After multivariate analysis sexual contact with local women (adjusted odds ratio 14.7; 95% confidence interval 2.81 to 76.9)...

Health Risks and Travel Preparation Among Foreign Visitors and Expatriates During the 2008 Beijing Olympic and Paralympic Games

Jentes, Emily S.; Davis, Xiaohong M.; MacDonald, Susan; Snyman, P. Johann; Nelson, Hugh; Quarry, Doug; Lai, Irene; van Vliet, Erik W. N.; Balaban, Victor; Marano, Cinzia; Mues, Katherine; Kozarsky, Phyllis; Marano, Nina
Fonte: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Publicador: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.7%
During the 2008 Olympic and Paralympic Games, we conducted surveillance of illnesses among travelers at six Beijing clinics. Surveys asked about demographic, pre-travel, and vaccination information, and physician-provided diagnoses. Of 807 respondents, 38% and 57% were classified as foreign visitors (FV) and expatriates, respectively. Less than one-half of FV sought pre-travel advice; sources included health-care providers and friends/family. FV vaccination rate was also low; however, most vaccines given were recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The most common FV diagnoses were respiratory, injury/musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal illnesses; for expatriates, injury/musculoskeletal, respiratory, and dermatologic were the most common illnesses. Respiratory illnesses in expatriates were significantly less in 2008 than during 2004–2007 (χ2 = 10.2; P = 0.0014), suggesting that control programs may have reduced pollutants/respiratory irritants during the 2008 Games. We found no previous studies of health outcomes among expatriates living in cities with mass travel events. These findings highlight the need to continuously disseminate information to health-care providers advising travelers.

On the motivations and career orientations of self-initiated and conventional expatriates employed in the Saudi Arabian banking industry: a two scale contextual validation and an inter-cohort cross-sectional investiagation and controls

Alshahrani, Saeed Turki
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
peer-reviewed; cross-sectional inter-cohort study explores the dominant motivational factors and career orientations among conventional (CE) and self-initiated (SE) expatriates. Quantitative data was obtained from a sample of 344 SEs and 74 CEs working in the banking sector in Saudi Arabia. Firstly, a principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted to validate a pull-push model of motivations governing the decision to expatriate and a career anchors model. Secondly, six motivational hypotheses and eight career hypotheses derived from a review of the extant literature were tested by means of logistic regression using a forward stepwise procedure. The results of the contextual validation provided support for a five factor pull-push construct and for a nine-career-anchor construct model in contrast with the original eight-anchor model. The findings from the logistic regression analysis reveal that age, marital status and position level made significant contributions to the motivational factors model. The push-motives factor was the strongest predictor in this study to distinguish between CEs and SEs regardless of the effect of the control variables that were included in the model. The results also showed that none of the pull motivational factors produced significant results in predicting either cohort. With respect to career orientations...

Employing Skilled Expatriates : Benchmarking Skilled Immigration Regimes across Economies

De Smet, Dieter
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.86%
The Employing Skilled Expatriates indicators analyze the skilled immigration regime relevant for foreign direct investment across 93 economies to provide comparable information about this regulatory space. The indicators focus on restrictions that control the inflow of skilled immigrants (quotas); the ease of hiring skilled expatriates (time and procedural steps to obtain a temporary work permit, existence of online application systems, availability of a one-stop shop and fast-tracking option); and the existence of a path to permanent residency and citizenship as well as the existence of spousal work permits. As governments increasingly seek to attract foreign direct investment as a driver of long-term development, reforming the investment climate -- including the skilled immigration regime -- is one policy option to consider. This analysis shows a positive correlation between the Employing Skilled Expatriates index and foreign direct investment inflows. As measured by the Employing Skilled Expatriates index...

Expatriates in China: A Review of the Literature

Stening, Bruce, W; Yu, Yi
Fonte: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU Publicador: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
This paper reviews the literature on expatriate managers and expatriate management in China that has been published since 1990, examining the major findings. The literature is divided into three categories: first, papers which generally describe issues related to the deployment of expatriates in China, their circumstances there and the challenges they face; second, research which has examined the adaptation of individual managers and their families to living and working in China; and, third, studies which focus on strategic human resource management matters, such as localization. The paper critically assesses the contributions made by these studies, both to theory and to management practice. Several gaps are identified which might be addressed by future research.; yes

E se os expatriados decidem sair? Efeito mediador do contrato psicológico na relação entre as práticas de GRH e a intenção de turnover

Pimenta, Ana Clara de Oliveira
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.57%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; O presente estudo procurou conhecer o efeito das Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos na Intenção de Turnover em Expatriados. Adicionalmente, analisou-se o papel mediador da perceção de Cumprimento do Contrato Psicológico. Numa amostra constituída por 100 expatriados, na sua maioria em Angola, as PGRH mostraram ter um efeito significativo e negativo na Intenção de Turnover dos inquiridos. Assim, quanto mais eficazes os Expatriados consideram as PGRH, menor a Intenção de Turnover. Além disso, a perceção de Cumprimento do Contrato Psicológico provocou uma diminuição significativa desta relação entre as PGRH e a Intenção de Turnover, o que sugere que, a perceção de Cumprimento de Contrato Psicológico medeia totalmente a relação encontrada entre as PGRH e a Intenção de Saída Voluntária da Organização.; ABSTRACT: This research focuses on the study of the effects of the Human Resources Practices on Turnover Intention for Expatriates. Additionally, we analyzed the mediating role of Psychological Contract Compliance. In a sample of 100 Expatriates, mostly all from Angola, the HR Practices had a negative and significant effect on Turnover Intention. Thus...

The effects of organizational culture on expatriates and repatriates’ cross-cultural adjustment, general satisfaction and withdrawal intentions

Pinto, Luisa Helena Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 18/06/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.86%
Tese de Doutoramento em Ciências Empresariais - área de Organização e Políticas Empresariais; This study explored the organizational antecedents of cross-cultural adjustment and its outcomes, namely expatriates and repatriates' general satisfaction and withdrawal intentions. Specifically, this study examined the effects of organizational culture dimensions of sociability and solidarity on expatriates and repatriates' cross-cultural adjustment, general satisfaction and withdrawal intentions. The data was obtained through 30 semi-structured interviews to Portuguese international workers (Study I) and through a questionnaire survey to 221 expatriates and repatriates from different nationalities (Study II). Qualitative data were examined using thematic content analysis, and quantitative data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and hierarchical regression analysis. Factor analyses found support for the research variables of organizational culture (sociability and solidarity), culture novelty, crosscultural adjustment (work, interaction and general adjustment), general satisfaction, and withdrawal intentions (from the assignment, the organization and the occupation). Data from Study I revealed that employing companies are using Portuguese expatriates under different staffing policies. And candidates...

Knowledge management in multinational companies: the repatriates’ role in the competitive advantage in subsidiaries

Martins, Dora; Tomé, Eduardo
Fonte: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited Publicador: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.79%
This paper addresses the topic of knowledge management in multinational companies (MNCs). Its purpose is to examine the role of expatriates in knowledge acquisition and transfer within MNCs. Specifically it focuses on knowledge acquisition and transfer from one MNC head office located in Germany to two Portuguese subsidiaries as a basis for competitive advantage in their Portuguese subsidiaries. A qualitative research methodology is used, specifically through an exploratory case study approach, which examines how international assignments are important for the role of expatriates In knowledge acquisition and transfer between foreign head offices and their Portuguese subsidiaries. The data were collected through semi structured interviews to 10 Portuguese repatriates from two Portuguese subsidiaries of one foreign MNC. The findings suggest that the reasons that lead to expatriating employees from Portuguese subsidiaries to foreign head offices are connected to (1) knowledge management strategies to development the subsidiary’s performance; (2) new skills and knowledge acquisition by future team leaders and business/product managers in Portuguese subsidiaries; (3) procuring knowledge, from agents in head office, to be disseminated amongst co-workers in Portuguese subsidiaries; (4) acquiring global management skills...

Expatriates’ influence on knowledge sharing: an empirical study with International portuguese companies

Martins, Dora
Fonte: Academic Conferences & Publishing International Publicador: Academic Conferences & Publishing International
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.7%
Despite the abundant literature in knowledge management, few empirical studies have explored knowledge management in connection with international assignees. This phenomenon has a special relevance in the Portuguese context, since (a) there are no empirical studies concerning this issue that involves international Portuguese companies; (b) the national business reality is incipient as far as internationalisation is concerned, and; (c) the organisational and national culture presents characteristics that are distinctive from the most highly studied contexts (e.g., Asia, USA, Scandinavian countries, Spain, France, The Netherlands, Germany, England and Russia). We examine the role of expatriates in transfer and knowledge sharing within the Portuguese companies with operations abroad. We focus specifically on expatriates’ role on knowledge sharing connected to international Portuguese companies and our findings take into account organizational representatives’ and expatriates’ perspectives. Using a comparative case study approach, we examine how three main dimensions influence the role of expatriates in knowledge sharing among headquarters and their subsidiaries (types of international assignment, reasons for using expatriation and international assignment characteristics). Data were collected using semi‐structured interviews to 30 Portuguese repatriates and 14 organizational representatives from seven Portuguese companies. The findings suggest that the reasons that lead Portuguese companies to expatriating employees are connected to: (1) business expansion needs; (2) control of international operations and; (3) transfer and knowledge sharing. Our study also shows that Portuguese companies use international assignments in order to positively respond to the increasingly decaying domestic market in the economic areas in which they operate. Evidence also reveals that expatriation is seen as a strategy to fulfill main organizational objectives through their expatriates (e.g....

Exploring why portuguese companies expatriate, and portuguese expatriates accept international assignments

Martins, Dora; Rego, Arménio; Proença, Teresa
Fonte: European Academy of Management) Publicador: European Academy of Management)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.79%
This study explores (1) the reasons that lead Portuguese companies to use expatriates and (2) the motivations that led the repatriates to accepting an international assignment. Semistructured interviews were carried out on 44 individuals (14 responsible for organizational management of the expatriates and 30 repatriates), in seven international companies based in Portugal, and analysis of the thematic content was conducted for data processing. Results suggest that the reasons that lead Portuguese companies to expatriating employees are connected to business needs and the control of international operations, while individual motivations are linked to personal and professional ambition, the will to serve the company and organizational pressure. We concluded that Portuguese companies, like most European companies, seem to develop a strategy of International Human Resources Management (IHRM) according to an ethnocentric approach, characteristic to companies in early stages of internationalization. Similarly, the main motivations of Portuguese repatriates are identical to those of other expatriates, though the will to serve the company seems to be more valued by Portuguese repatriates than by expatriates from other countries.

Nómadas organizacionais : Ajustamento transcultural do expatriado e sua família

Soares, João Miguel Pinto Ladeiras
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.57%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; O objectivo deste trabalho é estudar a adaptação transcultural dos expatriados e os seus cônjuges, contemplando os vários factores que perfazem o ajustamento ao país de expatriamento. Neste sentido um total de 235 participantes foi convidado a participar em dois questionários dicotómicos: um grupo de expatriados com 119 participantes e um grupo de cônjuges com 116. Para o grupo dos expatriados recorreu-se à escala de Black e Stephens (1989) que apresentam um modelo teórico multifacetado composto por três factores: a) ajustamento geral; b) ajustamento no trabalho; c) ajustamento interaccional. Para o grupo dos cônjuges foi usada a escala de Olson, Mccubbin et al (1992) que conjuga um inventário de dimensões referentes à família, tais como: Comunicação, Coesão e Adaptabilidade. Foi igualmente usada a escala de (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) referente ao bem-estar. Por último, foi usada a escala Interacção Intercultural proposta por Ali (2003) que permite avaliar a interacção com os naturais do país de expatriamento. O estudo analisou três hipóteses relativas à expatriação: (1) Há diferenças significativas face à adaptação transcultural entre géneros; (2) A adaptação transcultural apresenta diferenças significativas entre um expatriamento para outro continente ou para o mesmo continente; (3) Há diferenças significativas na adaptação transcultural entre os cônjuges que trabalham no país de expatriamento e os que não trabalham. Através de testes de MANOVA foi possível confirmar todas as hipóteses em estudo...

Contribution of expatriates in the management of subsidiaries to the corporate governance of international firms: the case of vale

Macedo-Soares,T. Diana L. van Aduard de; Schubsky,Adriana Maria Gutierrez
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.79%
In the current context of globalization, where firms are increasingly operating in networks of relationships with international subsidiaries, the relevance of their corporate governance has become evident. By the same token, the contribution to corporate governance of expatriates in these subsidiaries has become an important topic of discussion. The literature is not unanimous in recognizing the contribution of expatriates. However, the question as to whether the participation of expatriates in the management of international firms' subsidiaries is a critical success factor for their corporate governance has not been fully analyzed. This article presents the results of a study of a leading international firm -Vale -that investigated this question from a network perspective, with a view to narrowing this gap. The case study method was adopted and data collected from various sources documental investigation, structured questionnaires and interviews. The results suggested that expatriates can contribute to the success of corporate governance, especially through informal elements pertinent to social mechanisms of governance, such as commitment, communication, flexibility, trust and interdependence. The study thus provided insights for both managers of international firms and academics on corporate governance from a network perspective.

On the motivations and career orientations of self-initiated and conventional expatriates employed in the Saudi Arabian banking industry: a two scale contextual validation and an inter-cohort crosssectional investigation with control

Alshahrani, Saeed Turki
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
peer-reviewed; This cross-sectional inter-cohort study explores the dominant motivational factors and career orientations among conventional (CE) and self-initiated (SE) expatriates. Quantitative data was obtained from a sample of 344 SEs and 74 CEs working in the banking sector in Saudi Arabia. Firstly, a principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted to validate a pull-push model of motivations governing the decision to expatriate and a career anchors model. Secondly, six motivational hypotheses and eight career hypotheses derived from a review of the extant literature were tested by means of logistic regression using a forward stepwise procedure. The results of the contextual validation provided support for a five factor pull-push construct and for a nine-career-anchor construct model in contrast with the original eight-anchor model. The findings from the logistic regression analysis reveal that age, marital status and position level made significant contributions to the motivational factors model. The push-motives factor was the strongest predictor in this study to distinguish between CEs and SEs regardless of the effect of the control variables that were included in the model. The results also showed that none of the pull motivational factors produced significant results in predicting either cohort. With respect to career orientations...

Adaptação de expatriados organizacionais e voluntários: similaridades e diferenças no contexto brasileiro; Adaptación de empleados expatriados por determinación de la organización y de expatriados voluntarios: similitudes y diferencias en el contexto brasileño; The adaptation of organizational and voluntary expatriates: similarities and differences in the Brazilian context

Araujo, Bruno Felix von Borell de; Teixeira, Maria Luisa Mendes; Cruz, Poliano Bastos da; Malini, Elise
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.02%
Though expatriation has become common in today's corporate world and the majority of expatriates are self-initiated rather than assigned by business organizations to work abroad, many authors have treated these two groups of expatriates (self-initiated and organizational) as homogeneous. The objective of this study was to differentiate, conceptually and empirically, self-initiated and organizational expatriates, by examining differences in the adaptation of individuals from both groups in Brazil. The study was qualitative, conducted through semi-structured interviews with 21 organizational and 24 self-initiated expatriates living in Brazil, using content analysis. The theoretical perspective adopted in this study was the model of transcultural adaptation of expatriates of Black, Mendenhall and Oddou (1991). The results emphasize the importance of a conceptual and empirical separation of the two types of expatriates, as they showed different characteristics in the three dimensions of transcultural adaptation used in this study. For Human Resources professionals that work with expatriation processes, the authors suggest that self-initiated expatriates are an advantageous option for the creation of a global workforce, since they tend to adapt better than the organizational ones. For academics...