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Electronic commerce maturity: a review of the principal models

Morais, Elisabete Paulo; Gonçalves, Ramiro; Pires, José Adriano
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
It has been more than three decades since Nolan proposed his stages of growth model for information systems. Since then several studies on the stages of growth theory appeared in the academic literature. Since models oriented to the management and planning of information systems even models oriented to the development of information systems. But the object of this article is to present the most cited maturity models for the electronic commerce or electronic business and compare them. This comparison will be made using a comparative framework to evaluate electronic business stages of growth models, illustrating perspective, development, emphasis, verification, focus, source, barriers to growth and number of stages.

Guerra fiscal: ICMS e o comércio eletrônico; Fiscal War: ICMS and Electronic Commerce

Minato, Maki
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
Este trabalho tem por objetivo analisar as disputas entre os estados envolvendo a tributação pelo ICMS das operações de circulação de mercadoria contratadas pela internet. A despeito da extensa disciplina sobre o tributo na Constituição Federal de 1988, intensificam-se os conflitos entre os estados em torno do ICMS. No caso do comércio eletrônico, a internet impulsiona o aumento das operações de compra e venda realizadas de forma remota. Tendo em vista que o parâmetro de origem foi adotado pela Constituição Federal na tributação das operações interestaduais destinadas a consumidores finais não contribuintes do imposto, alguns estados sustentam que o crescimento do comércio eletrônico afeta o equilíbrio horizontal da arrecadação do ICMS. Com base nesse argumento, editaram legislações estaduais e firmaram o Protocolo ICMS nº 21/2011 para exigir a cobrança de adicional do imposto na entrada das mercadorias em seus territórios. Diante disso, em primeiro lugar, será analisado o conceito de comércio eletrônico, suas modalidades e seus modelos de negócios. Será feito também um breve exame da evolução histórica da tributação das operações de circulação de mercadoria, assim como das características do federalismo brasileiro que justificam as disputas entre os entes. Em seguida...

Dimensão social do e-Commerce : um estudo de caso

Pereira, Diogo de Lamares da Piedade e Teixeira
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 08/03/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
Os hábitos de consumo estão a alterar-se. Do mesmo modo, a popularidade dos serviços online e das redes sociais está a aumentar. Esta tendência fez emergir um novo tipo de Electronic Commerce (EC) chamado de Social Commerce (SC). O SC, que combina tecnologias, internet, comércio e desenvolvimento social, tem vindo a satisfazer as necessidades de procura de informação e a partilha de experiências online, facilitando a tomada de decisão por parte do consumidor. Nesse sentido, sabendo que cada vez mais a informação está disponível em qualquer dispositivo, em qualquer local e a qualquer hora, resta saber: “Como é que uma empresa tradicional atua no comércio social?”, tendo em consideração, tanto a identificação das tecnologias de suporte ao SC, como as suas estratégia de implementação. Para responder a esta questão fez-se um estudo de caso sobre a Vista Alegre Atlantis (VAA). Na recolha dos dados utilizaram-se técnicas próprias da investigação qualitativa, nomeadamente a entrevista e a observação. Para o seu tratamento fez-se uma análise qualitativa através do programa NVivo 10, construindo-se uma sinopse da entrevista. Posteriormente, realizou-se uma análise interpretativa onde se cruzaram as diversas fontes...

IM@GIX - An Electronic Commerce Digital Image Bank

Serrão, Carlos; Marques, Joaquim
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /04/2002 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
This paper describes the usage of specific web application designed for the Electronic Commerce of Digital Still Images using some of the state-of-the-art technologies in the field of digital imaging, namely copy right protection. Still images are not only traded using this platform but also value is added to the images through the means of cataloguing, metadata and watermark insertion. This work is performed using some auxiliary tools, which are also referred in the present paper. This paper also proposes and discusses a methodology for streamlining the production of still digital image content. The methodology proposed and described here, called DIGIPIPE, encompasses several steps which range from the simple image digitalization until the image trading, without omitting the image copy rights protection procedures.

Fatores que influenciam a intenção de compra online: aplicação de um modelo adaptado de aceitação da tecnologia para o comércio eletrônico

Fernandes, Luana de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.63%
This research aims to understand the factors that influence intention to online purchase of consumers, and to identify between these factors those that influence the users and the nonusers of electronic commerce. Thus, it is an applied, exploratory and descriptive research, developed in a quantitative model. Data collection was done through a questionnaire administered to a sample of 194 graduate students from the Centre for Applied Social Sciences of UFRN and data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, confirmatory factorial analysis and simple and multiple linear regression analysis. The results of descriptive statistics revealed that respondents in general and users of electronic commerce have positive perceptions of ease of use, usefulness and social influence about buying online, and intend to make purchases on Internet over the next six months. As for the non-users of electronic commerce, they do not trust the Internet to transact business, have negative perceptions of risk and social influence over purchasing online, and does not intend to make purchases on Internet over the next six months. Through confirmatory factorial analysis six factors were set up: behavioral intention, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness...

Implementing Electronic Business Registry Services

Lewin, Anat; Klapper, Leora; Lanvin, Bruno; Satola, David; Sirtaine, Sophie; Symonds, Richard
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
The objective of this paper is to share the experiences and good practices of early business registry reformers who implemented web-enabled and automated electronic business registries (e-BRs). These lessons are hoped to be of help to EU New Member countries as they embark on delivering EU-conformant e-BRs. At the same time, policymakers in other developing countries may also find these lessons of use. This paper cites examples of good practices rather than best practices. As elsewhere in the development agenda, solutions that have worked well in some countries may not work in other local circumstances. In the case of e-BRs, success depends on a broader set of reforms; as will be discussed in a subsequent chapter, e-BRs require a supportive legal and regulatory infrastructure, such as electronic signature laws and document authentication. A needs assessment and analysis of the options in the local country context need to be conducted in order to find the most relevant best practice options for a specific country. Nevertheless...

The electronic revolution: is the nation state redundant?

Broome, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 97919 bytes; 356 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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[Introduction]: Today much of our daily business involves the use of the Internet and, through it, electronic commerce or e-commerce. We buy products and pay bills over the net. We access information for work, pleasure or to satisfy our curiosity. We have the ability to communicate with friends and colleagues across the city or across the world instantaneously. We have the ability to conduct research without ever visiting a library. But the revolution in life-style and work for each of us as individuals has been matched or exceeded by the changes this electronic revolution has brought to every sector of the business community. Massive changes in areas such as health, education and entertainment are also occurring. But what if it all suddenly stopped? What if the Australian Stock Exchange went off line for a day or even longer? What if the banks, most of whose business customers and a growing number of individual customers use and rely on line services, were shut down by a denial of service attack? What if the credit card systems were shut down and ATMs unable to function for a significant period? The result would be chaotic and the cost immense. A denial of service attack involves the sending of many messages to a site at the same time with the effect that the system is effectively ‘jammed’. If the perpetrator of what is a premeditated ‘terrorist’ attack on the target site decided to repeat the attack at various intervals (and from different locations) the disruption could be maintained for a significant period. Because of the nature of e-commerce the site must be accessible to the public and other businesses so a change of site name is no solution. Business would come to a standstill. In Australia the ASX is susceptible to a denial of service attack now that both brokers and individual traders rely on the net to do business. Such an attack would not only cost millions in lost business it may seriously affect the value of the dollar. If a number of financial institutions were targeted at once it would further exacerbate the apparent perception that the Australian economy is old world rather than new. That perception is often cited as the reason for the continued fall in the value of the Australian dollar. In short we would face an economic catastrophe. It is ironic that the extent to which Australia has adopted electronic commerce makes it so vulnerable. Such an attack would...

The Design and Implementation of An E-commerce Site for Online Book Sales

Kodali, Swapna
Fonte: Indiana University South Bend Publicador: Indiana University South Bend
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Thesis (M.A.) -- Indiana University South Bend, 2007.; The business-to-consumer aspect of electronic commerce (e-commerce) is the most visible business use of the World Wide Web. The primary goal of an e-commerce site is to sell goods and services online. This project deals with developing an e-commerce website for Online Book Sale. It provides the user with a catalog of different books available for purchase in the store. In order to facilitate online purchase a shopping cart is provided to the user. The system is implemented using a 3-tier approach, with a backend database, a middle tier of Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and ASP.NET, and a web browser as the front end client. In order to develop an e-commerce website, a number of Technologies must be studied and understood. These include multi-tiered architecture, server and client side scripting techniques, implementation technologies such as ASP.NET, programming language (such as C#, VB.NET), relational databases (such as MySQL, Access). This is a project with the objective to develop a basic website where a consumer is provided with a shopping cart application and also to know about the technologies used to develop such an application. This document will discuss each of the underlying technologies to create and implement an e-commerce website.

Role of electronic-commerce in the growth of Tunisian economy

Hasni, Neji.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 67 p. : col. ill.
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Tunisia has encouraged and enhanced the effective use of information technologies, including the Internet by making them widely accessible. The government started an action plan in 1997 to spread Internet connections to all classes of the community. In the meantime the government understood the benefits provided by e-commerce and established an electronic commerce taskforce (from the government and the private sectors) to study the implementation of e-commerce in Tunisia. Following that, six pilot projects about various Tunisian-made products and services were launched online. Today e-commerce services covering a wide range of Tunisian products including crafts, foodstuffs (dates, olive oil, and desserts), textiles, tourist services, stamps, and hotel reservations. A direct result of this general atmosphere of e-commerce is the emergence of trade exponentially as an important sector in the Tunisian economy. The incorporation of information technology as an important ingredient of its economy resulted in a steady growth of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Its exponential adoption of the Internet and its applications, principally e-commerce, seemingly contributed to the Tunisian economic growth.; Lieutenant...

Differentiating the Effects of Internet Usage and Wireless Usage on Business-to-Business and Business-to-Consumer E-commerce

Deng, Xuefei (Nancy); Zhang, Jian
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Journal Article; Publications & Research :: Journal Article
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Information and communication technology (ICT) has contributed to global electronic commerce. In this study, researchers examine the effects of two types of ICT usage (Internet and wireless) on two types of e-commerce, namely, business-to-business (B2B) and business-to-consumer (B2C). Based on panel data of 31 countries over six years (2005–2010), researchers' analysis confirms that both B2B and B2C e-commerce are positively affected by a country's economic growth but are affected differently by the two types of ICT usage. Moreover, ICT exerts a stronger effect on e-commerce in less wealthy countries than in wealthy countries. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Electronic commerce, international trade and employment: review of the issues

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
Includes bibliography; Electronic commerce is a relatively new phenomenon. Its rapid expansion since the mid-1990s has drawn attention to the impact it will have on promoting trade, economic growth and development. In addition to the many benefits associated with e-commerce, concern has been rising in regards to the widening technological gap, 'The digital divide' among countries and sectors within countries. Electronic commerce and the Internet are posed to stimulate trade by lowering the cost of gathering and processing information from distant markets, by creating global access to specific goods and services and by making it possible to send over the Internet goods and services that traditionally required physical delivery. Electronic commerce is expected to directly and indirectly create and destroy jobs. New jobs will be generated in the information and communication technologies sector, while the indirect creation of jobs will occur via increased demand and productivity. At the same time, some reallocation and destruction of jobs are expected as a consequence of changes in the way of doing business. The net effect on employment will be the resultant of a complex set of interactions and will by no means be uniform across countries...

Argumentative procedures in E-commerce environments

Novais, Paulo; Neves, José; Brito, Luís; Machado, José Manuel
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
The use of agent's technology in electronic commerce environments leads to the necessity to introduce some sort of formal attitude in the processes of software development and analysis. Logic programming and specially extended logic programming provides a powerful tool for achieving such goal; i.e., besides being mathematically correct it makes the prototyping phase easier. However, although no simple methodology had yet been stated to address the complexity present in this approach, it not only addresses problems of architecture development and analysis, but also looks at problems of knowledge representation and reasoning, and machine learning. Such a framework will follow the Experience-Based Mediator agent paradigm particularly suited to take into account the argumentation schemes that are inherent to any electronic commerce deal.; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) - POSI/EEI/13096/2000.

El comercio electrónico y la logística en el contexto latinoamericano; The electronic commerce and the logistics in the Latin American context

Ballesteros Silva, Pedro Pablo; Ballesteros Riveros, Diana Paola
Fonte: Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira; Facultad de Ciencias Básicas Publicador: Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira; Facultad de Ciencias Básicas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: PDF
ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
Se pretende en este documento destacar la importancia del comercio electrónico, desde las formas de realizar las transacciones por este medio, sus aspectos legales, los sistemas de seguridad y cómo la logística utiliza el e-commerce para mejorar la gestión de comercialización de las organizaciones. Se hace para el efecto, una revisión bibliográfica, se citan datos estadísticos recientes que complementan el artículo. Al final se dejan algunas conclusiones que pueden motivar al lector a seguir investigando el tema.

Estudio de factibilidad Comercilizadora On-line en Colombia

Soacha Morales, Wilson Fabian; Ramírez Germain, Natalia; Barreto Triana, Santiago
Fonte: Facultad de administración Publicador: Facultad de administración
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.54%
Internet cambio la forma de hacer negocios, modifico la dinámica del comercio y abrió un gran número de nuevas posibilidades para las empresas con iniciativa de crecimiento. Es indudable que Internet influye cada vez más en las actividades de las personas y de las empresas. Con cerca de 2 mil millones de usuarios en el mundo, y casi 20 millones en Colombia, Internet alcanza directamente a la tercera parte de la población. En este contexto, surge este proyecto de investigación con el objetivo de analizar la factibilidad de comercializar productos por internet y contribuir al desarrollo del comercio electrónico. En primera instancia se realiza un proceso de contextualización en el que se describe el desarrollo del comercio electrónico. En seguida y a manera descriptiva, se expone la situación actual de la comercialización de productos por internet en términos económicos, legales, organizacionales y estadísticos. Finalmente, se evalúa y analiza cada uno de los aspectos del modelo de negocio de comercialización online con el objeto de cumplir con los estándares de calidad del comercio electrónico a nivel internacional para generar de tal manera, la satisfacción de los usuarios que realizan compras por internet y por ende incrementos en la frecuencia de compras...

A proteção do consumidor no comércio virtual

Silva, Filipe Daniel de Mello e
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: Texto
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.53%
O comércio eletrônico é uma recente categoria de comércio no mundo, seu crescimento é evidenciado pelo número de adesões dos consumidores, o conforto a praticidade e preços baixos são os atrativos. O e-commerce permite a transposição de barreiras, físicas, políticas o que facilita o acesso do consumidor a produtos ou serviços. As ofertas são publicadas em páginas da internet, não havendo restrições formais para isso, assim basta que os consumidores estejam conectados à web para que sua tela de navegação receba propagandas e comerciais. Entretanto, surgem fornecedores que vêem na fraqueza do consumidor, que não detém informações transparentes a respeito do objeto de contrato, a oportunidade de aferir lucro. O comércio eletrônico substituiu documentos físicos por documentos eletrônicos, e questiona-se sobre a devida segurança dos consumidores nos ambientes virtuais de compra. É preciso prevalecer o entendimento que o consumidor pode se considerar protegido em toda relação de consumo, independentemente se esta for realizada por meio eletrônico, este fato é determinado pela Lei n. 8.078/90, e seus artigos que trazem o rol protetivo à parte mais vulnerável na relação de consumo, soma-se a isso os princípios de proteção ao consumidor e as garantias constitucionais de proteção da pessoa. Por ocasião...

Análise do comércio electrónico em Portugal: prática de negócios ou ficção comercial?; Analysis of electronic commerce in Portugal: business practice or commercial fiction?

Quaresma, Rui Filipe Cerqueira; Huertas, Paula Luna; Castillo, José Carlos Ruiz del
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Neste trabalho é avaliada, em termos quantitativos e qualitativos, a presença na web das empresas portuguesas de média e grande dimensão, dando-se especial atenção ao comércio electrónico dirigido ao consumidor final. Para efectuar esta avaliação, desenvolvemos um instrumento de análise tendo por base a legislação, os códigos de conduta e/ou selos de certificação e ainda um conjunto diversificado de fontes de informação sobre a temática da Internet, os sítios web e o comércio electrónico. Cada sítio web incluído neste estudo foi seleccionado por meio de técnicas estatísticas de amostragem aleatórias e analisado relativamente a 119 aspectos distintos.; This paper presents the results of a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the performance of midsize and large Portuguese enterprises on the internet. Special attention is given to the e-commerce oriented to the end-user. An assessment tool was specially developed for this evaluation. This assessment tool is based on legal regulations, codes of conduct and/or seals of quality, as well as a variety of other information sources related with the Internet, web sites and e-commerce. The company's web sites, were selected for this assessment through a random sampling technique...

Factores críticos de éxitos en busca de la ventaja competitiva dentro del Comercio Electrónico: un estudio empírico en las empresas paraguayas; Critical success factors for a competitive advantage in electronic commerce: empirical study in paraguayan companies

Chung, Chap Kau Kwan; Cruz, Rosario García
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2014 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.54%
El comercio electrónico ha sido unas de las áreas de investigación más activa dentro del campo de Sistema de Información en los últimos años. Sería interesante descubrir cuáles son los factores críticos que afecta al comercio electrónico para llegar al éxito, y cuales podrían considerarse como una ventaja competitiva sostenible para las empresas. En esta investigación hemos desarrollado un modelo para el éxito del comercio electrónico basado en la propuesta de los autores DeLone y McLean sobre el actual modelo del éxito de Sistema de Informacion, testado con AMOS (Analysis of Moment Structures), sobre una muestra de 55 empresas paraguayas.  En cuanto a la bibliografía utilizada hemos realizado el estudio del meta-analisis con el fin de identificar las revistas científicas más relevantes, con sus respectivos autores del momento y los indicadores que representen importancia para el proyecto.  Los resultados han arrojado conclusiones valiosas para la realidad paraguaya, puesto que de los 10 factores críticos de éxito identificados se han encontrado que dos de ellos: “Expertos en tecnología de información (TI) e infraestructura” e “Interoperabilidad del sistema” son considerados como factores que se han convertido en una ventaja competitiva temporal y no ventaja competitiva sostenible a través del tiempo...

E-Commerce: Changing the Face of Goods Services and Transportation

Warren, Robert; Moreland, Lisa; Boland, Kama
Fonte: Institute for Public Administration Publicador: Institute for Public Administration
Tipo: Outros Formato: 292374 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
The goal of this forum was to focus on the impact of the rapid growth of electronic commerce—how it is changing the way businesses, individuals and governments buy and sell and how these changes will affect the infrastructure of our state and region.; Institute for Public Administration; Delaware Department of Transportation

El comercio electrónico y los modelos de negocio en internet; The e-commerce and the internet business models

Villar Raba, Rubén
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.65%
RESUMEN: A lo largo de este trabajo vamos a explicar qué es y en qué consiste el comercio electrónico y cuáles son sus características principales, comenzando desde sus orígenes hasta las previsiones de futuro que realizan los expertos y centrándonos especialmente en la situación actual en la que se encuentra el comercio electrónico tanto a nivel europeo como en España. Así, conoceremos cuales fueron los orígenes de comercio electrónico, cuáles fueron las tecnologías emergentes que dieron lugar a su aparición, en qué situación se encuentra el comercio electrónico en la actualidad, cuáles son las cifras del volumen de negocio, el porcentaje de población que lo utiliza, qué sectores son los que más se han beneficiado de la implantación del comercio electrónico y en cuales esta implantación del comercio electrónico ha supuesto un cambio más drástico y un rediseño completo de la manera en la que el sector se estructuraba antes de la aparición del comercio electrónico, cuáles son sus características, así como las ventajas y desventajas que pueden desprenderse de su implantación y cuáles son los aspectos claves que se han de cuidar y tener en cuenta para que una estrategia de comercio electrónico sea exitosa. También explicaremos las líneas de futuro que se esperan en la evolución del comercio electrónico para poder conocer si continuará con la tendencia ascendente que viene presentando en los últimos años o si por el contrario descenderá su utilización y poder conocer cuáles serán las principales tendencias en el futuro según los expertos en la materia. Posteriormente nos centraremos en las modalidades de comercio electrónico que existen en la actualidad...

The regulation of electronic commerce : learning from the UK's RIP act

Hosein, Ian; Whitley, Edgar A.
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2002 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.57%
National governments have a legitimate role to play in the development of national strategies to support electronic commerce. It is not always clear, however, what any electronic commerce legislation should incorporate or how regulation of electronic commerce should be implemented. This paper explores the strategic issues that underlie national electronic commerce strategies by following the passage of a particular piece of legislation (the UK’s Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, 2000) through Parliament. In identifying some of the arising strains with the interests of industry and civil society, this paper will discuss some of the legal, technological, economic, and political issues that may arise in other countries as they consider the policy habitat of electronic commerce.