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Novos parâmetros para a intervenção do Estado na economia: persistência e dinâmica da atuação do BNDES em uma economia baseada no conhecimento; New parameters for the State intervention in the economy: persistence and dynamics of BNDES performance in a knowledge based economy

Schapiro, Mario Gomes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/05/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
O objetivo desta tese é analisar os novos caminhos da intervenção direta do Estado na economia, notadamente no ambiente financeiro nacional, em que prevalece a atuação de um banco público de desenvolvimento - O BNDES. O trabalho parte do pressuposto de que há uma variedade de alternativas institucionais de organização financeira, que refletem as trajetórias históricas dos países. É por esta razão que se pode identificar, por exemplo, diferenças entre o modelo norte-americano e o modelo nipo-germanico: enquanto o primeiro é baseado nas operações do mercado de capitais, o segundo conta com os investidores institucionais e com os bancos. A partir daí, pode-se igualmente reconhecer que a alternativa institucional constitutiva do sistema financeiro nacional conta com os agentes estatais: os seus principais atores financeiros. Destes todos, o BNDES é o exemplo mais significativo. Diante disso, uma vez caracterizado que a intervenção direta do Estado, também chamada no trabalho de regulação institucional, é o elemento característico do modelo brasileiro de desenvolvimento, a tese procurar mostrar que esta ação pública tem sofrido alterações, em um contexto recente. Em razão de um novo paradigma econômico...

Crescimento, flutuações e endividamento externo na economia dos Estados Unidos: 1980-2000; Economic growth, business cycles and external indebtedness of the US economy, 1980-2004

Schincariol, Vitor Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este trabalho buscar explicar como o endividamento externo da economia norte-americana, a partir do início da década de (19)80, atenuou (e atenua ainda hoje) as decorrências macroeconômicas advindas da tendência para a estagnação do produto interno bruto. Segundo o argumento usado aqui, tal tendência para a estagnação origina-se da queda ao longo do tempo da parcela da acumulação produtiva sobre o produto. A tendência é explicada por um crescente diferencial no desempenho das taxas de lucro intersetoriais na economia, no qual as desvantagens para os setores industriais podem ser explicadas por suas mais elevadas razões capital/produto e conseqüentes menores taxas de lucro. Tal é intensificado por (a) pelo comportamento dos preços relativos, os quais conhecem uma queda maior dos preços dos bens industriais face a outros preços na economia; e (b) pelos crescentes déficits comerciais em bens. Particularmente, a tendência ao declínio foi intensificada pelas crises do petróleo (1974-1979) e pela política de juros altos no fim da década de (19)70 e meados de (19)80. O crescimento da financeirização surge assim como a outra face da moeda do movimento de diminuição da acumulação produtiva. Em segundo lugar, além de se tentar abordar as causas das flutuações em tendência decrescente do produto no período...

A política pública de formação para economia solidária no Brasil (2003-2011): análise de um projeto PROESQ/PNQ executado pela Rede Abelha/RN e do CFES nacional; The public policy to provide background acquisition in solidarity-based economy in Brazil (2003-2011): analysis of a PROESQ/PNQ project developed by Rede Abelha/RN and the national CFES

Alaniz, Erika Porceli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/03/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Este estudo trata da análise da política pública de formação para Economia Solidária implementada a partir da criação da Secretaria Nacional de Economia Solidária (SENAES), em 2003. O objeto de análise compreende dois programas de formação para Economia solidária: o projeto PROESQ/ PNQ (2003-2007) desenvolvido pela Rede Abelha-RN e o Centro de Formação em Economia Solidária Nacional (CFES Nacional) destinado à formação de formadores. Os objetivos desta pesquisa eram identificar a proposta de formação para Economia Solidária na política pública federal, assim como apontar os principais condicionantes dessa ação formativa. As experiências de trabalho associado tornaram-se expressivas no Brasil a partir de meados da década de 1980, em um contexto de retração dos empregos, precarização das relações de trabalho, acentuação da pobreza e fortes contestações dos trabalhadores. As estratégias de sobrevivência dos trabalhadores não inseridos nas relações formais de trabalho culminaram na emergência de diferentes formas de trabalho associado, sendo uma delas a vertente da Economia Solidária. Tais iniciativas para se desenvolverem em direção ao fortalecimento da organização democrática, às formas alternativas e autônomas de organização da vida social precisam do processo educativo. Entretanto...

Os atores da economia solidária: estudos sobre personalidade ética; The actor of the solidary economy: studies about ethic personality

Borges, Thelma Pontes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
A economia solidária é pautada pela solidariedade nas relações de produção, elaboração e comercialização, portanto seus participantes precisam desenvolver a cooperação, o respeito e a generosidade a fim de garantir os princípios defendidos por ela. Por sua vez a Psicologia investiga como as pessoas desenvolvem virtudes e as incorporam em si, desenvolvendo uma personalidade ética. Dessa forma a pesquisa tem por objetivo averiguar as representações de si dos atores da economia solidária e verificar se possuem valores morais que nos permitam inferir uma personalidade ética. Para tanto foram realizadas vinte e duas entrevistas semi-dirigidas, gravadas e transcritas com participantes da economia solidária na cidade de Araguaína e Palmas - TO. Os resultados apontam para três grupos distintos: o primeiro, classificado como personalidade ética, em que aparecem elementos que nos permitem expressar uma trajetória de vida, de escolhas e de projeção de futuro ético, encontram-se nesse grupo as seguintes sub-categorias: 1) Fatores familiares e de origem de vivências comunitárias; 2) Escolhas solidárias; 3) Princípios solidários e sua incorporação a valores pessoais; 4) Relações Cooperativas; 5) Futuro ético. O segundo...

The relationship between reactive-strength and economy in competitive distance runners

Beattie, Kris; Kenny, Ian; Lyons, Mark; Carson, Brian P
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; Introduction Economy is now thought to be one of the main performance indicators in elite distance runners. Economy is the amount of metabolic energy expended at a given velocity. In addition to cardiovascular capacity, economy is believed to be partly dictated by the neuromuscular system (Paavolainen et al 1999). Reactive-strength is the ability of the runner to have proficient eccentric and concentric muscular capabilities to rapidly absorb and utilise the elastic energy produced during each ground contact. This short ground contact phase in running is the only phase in which a runner can produce force to horizontally propel the body. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between economy, velocity at maximum oxygen uptake (V 2 max) and reactive-strength in competitive distance runners. Methodology Twenty competitive club runners (age 31.7 ± 8.4 years, height 162 ± 55.2 cm, weight 71.3 ± 6.9 kg and 2 max 58.8 ± 2.3 mL/kg/min) were recruited from local running clubs. Each runner was assessed for economy, V 2 max, and reactive-strength. The reactive-strength test assessed countermovement jump (CMJ) height (slow stretch shortening cycle performance) and drop-jump (DJ) reactive strength index (RSI) from a 30 cm box (fast stretch shortening cycle performance). Results There was no relationship found between economy (taken from the runner’s most economical velocity during the sub-maximal test) and reactive-strength performance (both CMJ height and DJ RSI) in competitive distance runners. However...

Political Economy Analysis for Food and Nutrition Security

Reich, Michael R.; Balarajan, Yarlini
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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The overall goal of this paper is to promote the use of political economy analysis in advancing more effective food and nutrition policies. The paper reviews the field of applied political economy for the food and nutrition sector, and offers practical guidance on how to conduct political economy analysis to better navigate the policy reform process. The paper is presented in three parts. Part I reviews the literature on political economy analysis (PEA) and its application in the food and nutrition fields, focusing on the applied literature in development. Three kinds of PEA are discussed: In-depth, Stakeholder, and Rapid Assessment PEA, which serve different purposes. The paper then introduces a structured qualitative method for conducting an in-depth PEA, based on four stages of the policy cycle: agenda-setting, policy design, policy adoption, and implementation. Part II provides an illustrative case study of an in-depth PEA for a specific food and nutritionrelated policy of India, the Integrated Child Development Services scheme. The analysis explains how the agenda was set and its consequences. Part III presents a newly developed tool to conduct a rapid assessment PEA for food and nutrition policy. This tool uses a questionnaire approach to evaluate the level of political commitment for food and nutrition security and opportunities for change...

Illegal immigration and the underground economy

Reyneri, Emilio
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 109318 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper looks at problems facing Southern European countries with high levels of illegal immigration and a firmly established underground economy. It will address questions about who the immigrants are and what attracts them to the area. The paper will also provide a broad outline of how the general employment situation in Southern Europe, while addressing problems associated with its long established underground economy. It argues that the issue of illegal immigration cannot be addressed without recognising the complexities of their current economic situation. The underground economy is having three important negative effects on migrants. 1. Most migrants, including those who hold legal status, are only able to find un regulated (underground) jobs. 2. Working predominantly in the underground economy and living without the necessary documents had contributed to the stigmatisation of migrants. 3. Many migrants have been pushed to commit a crime either because models of deviant behaviour replaced the old myth of social climbing thanks to either working hard or the underground economy, which gives migrants the idea that regulation is largely unsuccessful. This has led to a need to extend tighter control of external borders. However...

Republic of India--Livelihoods in Intermediate Towns; Social Dynamics of Non-farm Economy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report is based on a field study of two large settlements, Satghara (a census town) and Bhagwatipur (a rural cluster with 10,000 plus population) in the Madhubani district of Bihar. The study explores the social dynamics of the rural non-farm economy by empirically mapping non-farm occupations in both the settlements. It examines the dynamics of caste, community, and gender within the social organization of the non-farm economy in terms of their economic and social hierarchies and the differential incomes and status they provide. The study also looks at the relationship of the local non-farm economy with patterns of outmigration. It further attempts to understand the manner in which the changes in the regional structures of power and domination have influenced the local economic processes and are being influenced by them with a specific focus on the non-farm economy in the two setting. The study also attempts an assessment of the possible development and urbanizing effects of the rather rapid growth of nonfarm economy in rural Madhubani.

The Economics of Coping: the Plight of Women in Iraq's Information Economy

Looney, Robert
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The author analyzes the role of women in the Iraqi economy, especially the informal sector, in recent times and considers the effect that changes to their role in the economy have had and will have. The paper argues that Iraqi women working in the informal sector face a difficult future the nature of which will depend largely on their educational background, Ba'athist ties during the former regime, the strength of various religious groups opposed to women pursuing activities outside the household, and the areas in which women attempt to pursue a career.

Family Tax Benefits: A Pandora's Box for the Future of the Australian Economy?

Tanasarnsopaporn, Nuchapa
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Evidently, both direct and indirect costs of children which are significant in many low income families put much financial burden on parents. Consequently, lower income families are prone to child poverty urging the government to offer assistance to make the cost of raising children more affordable. One of the schemes available is the Family Tax Benefits part A and B (FTB-A and FTB-B). Although both the FTB-A and FTB-B share the same goal to help families with dependent children, they differ considerably in terms of eligibility criteria . The FTB-A is understood to be delivering its objectives considerably well without affecting much the time allocation decisions of households.2 However, the FTB-B effects on work disincentives of secondary earners who are usually primary carers of children are debatable. 3 This report uses Effective Marginal Tax Rate (EMTR) in the scenario analysis to assess the relative gain and loss of income of females as a result of means testing and income tax increases . The objective is to provide a simple illustration of withdrawal effects that come with an increase in females' income. It is found that the FTB-B withdrawal effects take place much earlier than that of the FTB-A in the hypothetical low and middle income families . On the other hand...

Individual behaviour in Australia's shadow economy: facts, empirical findings and some mysteries

Schneider, Friedrich; Braithwaite, Valerie; Reinhart, Monika
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 139432 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper attempts to explain the behaviour that motivates individuals to engage in the shadow economy. Results show that those who fear being caught by tax authorities are less likely to supply or purchase work in the shadow economy. Further, those who earn more money in the ‘official’ economy, work less in the shadow economy, but purchase more shadow economy work. The results of logistic regressions show that when working in the shadow economy is seen as socially acceptable, shadow economy activities are higher.

Additional findings showed that, on average, a shadow economy worker earned AUS$2135.31 during 2000, and households spent AUS$2293.00 for these services. Using micro-data to calculate an overall aggregate figure for the estimated size of the shadow economy in Australia during 2000, it was found that between 4.81% and 8.8% of the gross national income (GNI) was earned in the shadow economy.; no

India : India and the Knowledge Economy, Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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One of the world's largest economies, India has made tremendous strides in its economic and social development in the past two decades, and is poised to realize even faster growth in the years to come. After growing at about 3.5 percent from the 1950s to the 1970s, India's economy expanded during the 1980s to reach an annual growth rate of about 5.5 percent at the end of the period. It increased its rate of growth to 6.7 percent between 1992-93 and 1996-97, as a result of the far-reaching reforms embarked on in 1991 and opening up of the economy to more global competition. Its growth however, dropped to 5.5 percent from 1997-98 to 2001-02, and to 4.4 percent in 2002-03, due to the impact of poor rains on agricultural output. But India's economy surged ahead to reach a growth rate of 8.2 percent in 2003-04, in line with growth projections cited in its Tenth Five-Year Plan, which calls for increasing growth, to an average of 8 percent between 2002-03 and 2006-07 (India, Planning Commission, 2002e). Such sustained acceleration is needed to provide opportunities for India's growing population, and its even faster-growing workforce. The time is opportune for India to make its transition to the knowledge economy-an economy that creates, disseminates...

The Political Economy of Policy Reform : Issues and Implications for Policy Dialogue and Development Operations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This study addresses the political economy of sector reforms. Sustainable reform processes which improve equity, efficiency and effectiveness in key economic and social sectors are often important elements of national poverty reduction strategies in low- and middle-income countries. For international development agencies wishing to engage in these processes, understanding the significance of power relations within the sector, vested interests, and the links to national political processes can be critical to being an effective actor in policy dialogue. This study explores these issues through the analysis of case studies of World Bank engagement in two areas: agricultural liberalization, and public-private partnerships in water supply and sanitation. The objectives of the study are twofold: (a) to analyze the political economy of reform by looking at stakeholder interests, incentives, institutions, risks, opportunities, and processes from a social analysis perspective; and (b) to illustrate 'what works...

Mexico's Transition to a Knowledge-Based Economy : Challenges and Opportunities

Kuznetsov, Yevgeny; Dahlman, Carl J.
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This book is about how Mexico can transform itself into a knowledge based economy by tapping into a number of existing socioeconomic advantages: macroeconomic stability, emerging regional enterprise clusters that combine local talent with a dynamic private sector, geographical proximity to the world's knowledge economy powerhouse-the United States, as well as a rich cultural base that generates a wealth of ideas. Mexico's transition to a knowledge-based economy provides a broad assessment of the country's readiness to join the global knowledge economy, highlighting the importance of education and institutional reform, and of creating an environment that is conducive to innovation. This transformation, however, is not only about shaping the reform agenda from the top down. It also means trial-and-error experimentation to test what works and what doesn't in the Mexican context, and then taking successful bottom-up initiatives to scale. The book takes a dual approach in its analysis and recommendations. It tackles both the strategic long-term agenda...

Transition to a Low Carbon Economy in Poland

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Transition to a low carbon economy in Poland is a study by the World Bank for the Polish Government, supported by the UK Department for International Development and donors to the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP). The study poses the question of how Poland, an European Union (EU) member state, an industrialized 'annex one' country for the purposes of international climate discussions, and an Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member, can successfully transition to a low carbon economy as successfully as it underwent transition to a market economy in the early 1990s. Transition to a low carbon economy in Poland provides a detailed assessment of many aspects of a low carbon growth strategy for Poland, developing insights via a suite of models that should provide ongoing assistance to policymakers. These policymakers may find reassuring the main message that Poland's transition to a low carbon economy, while not free or simple is affordable. However, capturing the full package of technologically feasible and economically sensible abatement measures requires coordinated and early action by the government.

Finland as a Knowledge Economy 2.0 : Lessons on Policies and Governance

Halme, Kimmo; Lindy, Ilari; Piirainen, Kalle A.; Salminen, Vesa; White, Justine
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
The technology and innovation landscape has changed considerably since 2006 when Finland as a Knowledge Economy: Elements of Success and Lessons Learned [see also report 39378] was first published by the World Bank Institute (WBI). Finland is known for its consistent progress in the economy and competitiveness, as well as the egalitarian society underneath it. Yet, the challenges experienced by Finland in the beginning of the 20th century were similar to those experienced by many countries today. Finland emerged as an independent nation in the midst of international economic and political turbulence. In spite of its remoteness, relative scarcity of natural resources, smallness of the home market and recent history characterized by wars and social cleavages, Finland transformed itself from an agriculture-based economy in the 1950's into one of the leading innovation-driven, knowledge-based economies and high-tech producers in the twenty-first century. The development was rapid, and involved determined action and sometimes drastic decisions by the government and other key actors. Today...

Finland as a Knowledge Economy : Elements of Success and Lessons Learned

Dahlman, Carl J.; Routti, Jorma; Ylä-Anttila, Pekka
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
In the early 1990s, Finland went through watershed developments due to a severe economic recession, during which unemployment rates rose from around 2 percent to over 15 percent and GDP decreased by more than 10 percent. However, in one decade Finland became the most ICT-specialized economy in the world. Three times it has ranked number 1 in the World Economic Forum's (WEF) competitiveness index. It also ranked highest in the OECD's Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) studies of learning skills and educational attainment. This paper includes the following headings: introduction; Finland's knowledge economy today; structural changes in the Finnish economy - from agriculture to high-tech; changes in the economic and institutional regimes; innovation and education strategies and policies in Finland; sectoral perspectives on the Finnish knowledge economy -- from forest-related industries to ICT; challenges to the Finnish knowledge economy -- what's ahead; and conclusions and lessons from Finland's knowledge economy for other economies.

The underground economy and the fiscal stance - Is there a natural level of the underground economy and how does it affect fiscal consolidation?

Jardim, José Manuel Norberto
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em /03/2012 ENG
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Doutoramento em Economia; The inevitability of taxes and regulations, that cause agents to go underground, forces the authorities to tolerate some underground economic activity and grants the underground economy natural features. The natural level of the underground economy is defined as the level of underground economic activity in the decentralized equilibrium, provided that the actual structural characteristics of the economy and social preferences are accounted for by imbedding them in the Walrasian system of general equilibrium equations. Its existence is proven using two variants of neoclassical general equilibrium models. The underground economy is found to influence the successfulness of fiscal consolidation programmes, depending on the position of the economy relative to critical fiscal thresholds associated with the natural level of the underground economy. Tax increases yield higher tax proceeds up to the threshold, and lower tax proceeds, passed the threshold, due to a stronger expansion of the natural level of the underground economy. Tax proceeds reach their maximum at the threshold. Tax based programmes are found ineffective in high tax developed economies, operating passed the threshold. In contrast, its successfulness in the developing world...

Economia de nado: factores determinantes e avaliação; Swimming economy: determinant factors and assessment issues

Silva, António José; Departamento de Ciências do Desporto, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Do; Machado Reis, Victor; Departamento de Ciências do Desporto, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Do; Marinho, Daniel; Departamento de Ciências do
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares","Artigo Solicitado"; "Avaliado por Pares", "Artigo Solicitado"; Bibliográfica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 19/11/2006 POR; ENG
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Economia de nado é um parâmetro importante no controle do processo de treinamento, desde que foi demonstrado que este conceito é relacionado ao desempenho de nado. Economia de nado é afetada por aspectos fisiológicos e biomecânicos, sendo então um conceito que reflete a adaptação de nadadores ao ambiente líquido nesses dois domínios. Uma revisão da literatura sobre economia de nado é apresentada, focalizando alguns dos estudos mais pertinentes que foram publicados sobre este assunto. Diferente dos aspectos biomecânicos e fisiológicos, a economia de nado é influenciada através de outros fatores como: velocidade de nado, habilidade técnica, estado de treinamento, gênero, idade e características antropométricas. Então uma multidão de aspectos estão relacionados com a avaliação da economia de nado e na aplicação deste conceito no controle do processo de treinamento dos nadadores. Uma avaliação apropriada da economia de nado requer a medida direta da captação de oxigênio. A escolha do protocolo para avaliar a economia de nado deve ser feita cuidadosamente. Deve ser prestada atenção particular à cinética de captação de oxigênio pelos diferentes níveis de intensidade de exercício. Logo, a intensidade de exercício e duração devem ser consideradas. Em conseqüência a velocidade de nadar está relacionado intimamente com a velocidade de competição que também é um assunto importante. Embora poucos estudos medissem diretamente a captação de oxigênio de nadadores de alto nível durante a natação...

Imperatives for an agricultural green economy in South Africa

Musvoto,Constansia; Nortje,Karen; de Wet,Benita; Mahumani,Brian K.; Nahman,Anton
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
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Globally, there are social, economic and environmental challenges related to sustainable development; these challenges include climate change, the need to feed a rapidly increasing population, high rates of poverty and environmental degradation. These challenges have forced us to rethink the way in which development takes place, resulting in the emergence of the concept of a 'green economy'. A green economy results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing risks to the environment. It is based on principles which integrate social, economic and environmental considerations. South Africa has adopted the principle of green economic growth, and agriculture is one of the sectors that will drive this growth. Agriculture could address some of the sustainable development problems, but there are challenges related to resource availability, environmental impacts of agriculture and climate change. For agriculture to support a green economy it has to be productive, contribute to economic growth and not undermine the environment, social and cultural systems. The information base and policies required to support a green economy in general, and/or an agriculture-supported green economy have not yet been developed...