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Redes locais e downsizing de sistemas de informação : um estudo em bancos brasileiros

Diniz, Eduardo Henrique
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
Ao optar por redes locais (LAN - Local Area Networks) de microcomputadores, em lugar de ampliar os investimentos nos sistemas de grande porte que já possuem instalados, diversas empresas do setor bancário no Brasil estão adotando o conceito de downsizing, expressão que identifica a política de redução do porte dos equipamentos de informática utilizados para executar o processamento de informações corporativas. A adoção deste tipo de política, longe de ser uma ocorrência episódica, tem características de tendência geral para o setor nos próximos anos. Este trabalho faz uma investigação do alcance dessa tendência no setor bancário brasileiro e uma análise dos fatores que têm impulsionado a implementação de diferentes estratégias de downsizing de sistemas de informação

Os sentidos da demissão : os sentidos que demissores e profissionais de recursos humanos atribuem a processos de downsizing

Pliopas, Ana Luisa Villares da Silva Vieira
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
Os processos de downsizing tornaram-se tão freqüentes que é raro atualmente conhecer alguém que nunca tenha sido demitido. As demissões em massa se intensificaram no final da década de 80, atingiram seu ápice na década de 90 e continuam ocorrendo com freqüência. Poderíamos pensar que, já que ser demitido tornou-se quase corriqueiro, isso tornaria as demissões menos traumáticas para as pessoas. Porém isso não é atestado por vários estudos sobre demissões, que mostram que os processos de downsizing trazem, em geral, conseqüências bastante dramáticas para os indivíduos. Vários estudos já foram realizados sobre os efeitos das demissões para os demitidos e para os remanescentes. Este trabalho visa entender como as pessoas que demitem dão sentido à prática de demitir, ou seja, quais as justificativas que usam ao praticarem atos que geralmente causam dor e sofrimento a outras pessoas. A pesquisa investiga também como os profissionais de recursos humanos, responsáveis pelas políticas e práticas relacionadas às pessoas dentro das organizações, dão sentido às demissões em massa, atividade que hoje é, muitas vezes, mais comum do que a própria contratação de pessoas. Para desvendar os sentidos produzidos pelos demissores e profissionais de recursos humanos em processos de downsizing...

Fundamentos para análise do downsizing como estratégia de mudança organizacional

Mendonça, José Ricardo Costa de; Vieira, Marcelo Milano Falcão
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
Este artigo tem como objetivo principal apresentar alguns elementos caracterizadores da mudança organizacional, de forma geral, e de um tipo específico de mudança, nomeadamente, o downsizing. Assim, pretende-se oferecer subsídios para a análise do downsizing como uma estratégia de mudança organizacional. Para tanto, o artigo inicia apresentando uma análise do conceito de mudança organizacional, discutindo diferentes abordagens presentes na literatura especializada na área de Organizações. Além dos níveis, graus e perspectivas da mudança, chama-se especial atenção à importância do entendimento dos conceitos de voluntarismo e determinismo como pontos de partida para se proceder a uma análise adequada. A seguir, apresenta-se o conceito de downsizing, diferenciando-o de outros conceitos similares, bem como chamando atenção para o que Freeman e Cameron (1993) denominam atributos-chave do downsizing. Segue-se, ainda, uma análise das características e estratégias de downsizing em duas circunstâncias organizacionais específicas: período de convergência e período de reorientação. Conclui-se com algumas considerações sobre formas adicionais de analisar o fenômeno, e sugere-se alguns temas para pesquisas futuras.

Reengenharia de processos : o caso de Downsizing dos sistemas de informação da CEF

Ramos Filho, Ruy Cesar
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 100f.| il
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnologico; O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a aplicação, através de um estudo de caso, do processo de downsizing de sistemas de informação num particular contexto organizacional, destacando os erros e os acertos do ponto de vista operacional e estratégico. Primeiramente, discutimos a questão da sociedade da informação, cada vez mais difundida atualmente, e portanto, necessitando de sistemas capazes de gerenciar eficaz e eficientemente essa unidade. Afinal, informação é poder, é diferencial competitivo, é portanto, uma unidade que deve ser tratada e manipulada de maneira estratégica por uma organização através de tecnologias adequadas. A seguir, analisamos a questão da tecnologia da informação, centrada cada vez mais em redes de computação, tornando a distribuição da informação uma atividade simples e rotineira, mas somente com sistemas e tecnologias adequadas. Com o advento da tecnologia de microcomputadores, os usuários de modo geral, têm fácil acesso à tecnologia, o que faz com que as empresas passem a rever seus sistemas de informações atuais, melhorando ou mudando as tecnologias existentes. Aplicando novas abordagens e técnicas...

Organisational downsizing and musculoskeletal problems in employees: a prospective study

Kivimaki, M; Vahtera, J; Ferrie, J; Hemingway, H; Pentti, J
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.55%
OBJECTIVES—To study the association between organisational downsizing and subsequent musculoskeletal problems in employees and to determine the association with changes in psychosocial and behavioural risk factors.
METHODS—Participants were 764 municipal employees working in Raisio, Finland before and after an organisational downsizing carried out between 1991 and 1993. The outcome measures were self reports of severity and sites of musculoskeletal pain at the end of 1993 and medically certified musculoskeletal sickness absence for 1993-5. The contribution of changes in psychosocial work characteristics and health related behaviour between the 1990 and 1993 surveys was assessed by adjustment.
RESULTS—After adjustment for age, sex, and income, the odds ratio (OR) for severe musculoskeletal pain between major and minor downsizing and the corresponding rate ratios for musculoskeletal sickness absence were 2.59 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.5 to 4.5) and 5.50 (3.6 to 7.6), respectively. Differences between the mean number of sites of pain after major and minor downsizing was 0.99 (0.4 to 1.6). The largest contribution from changes in work characteristics and health related behaviour to the association between downsizing and musculoskeletal problems was from increases in physical demands...

Shareholder Value and Workforce Downsizing, 1981-2006

Jung, Jin Wook
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.58%
Even before the current economic meltdown, waves of downsizing, starting in the late 1970s, had swept corporate America, eroding workers’ expectations of economic security. But not only did downsizing become more prevalent during this period; its basic nature changed. Previously, firms had cut jobs temporarily, to adjust the size of their workforce during a downturn. Since the late 70s, firms have increasingly cut jobs in both good and bad times, in order to boost stock price. My dissertation examines the inter-group power dynamics underlying the transformation of workforce downsizing as a shareholder-value strategy. Examining both downsizing announcements from more than 700 leading U.S. corporations between 1981 and 2006, and actual implementation of the announced downsizing plans, I find at work in the process a shift in ideology, from an emphasis on corporate growth and conglomeration to an emphasis on profitability and shareholder value, an ideology that both reflects and intensifies the growing influence of shareholders over firms and the declining role of labor. My first empirical chapter examines the role of institutional investors and shareholder-value-oriented managers in the transformation. The second empirical chapter examines the potential resistance from labor unions and shows how the anti-union stance of the public policy regime in the 1980s weakened unions’ power to resist. The last empirical chapter examines the role of investors...

Minimizing Negative Distributional Effects of Public Sector Downsizing

Razzaz, Susan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
Downsizing programs are an important part of many public sector reforms supported by the World Bank. Although these programs can reduce budget deficits and address inefficiencies caused by state-led development strategies, many observers are concerned about the political and social consequences of mass layoffs as well as the disproportionate share of the losses that some groups of workers may bear. This note examines the differing possible impacts of downsizing on male and female employees and the consequences for households and the economy at large. After discussing why the distributional consequences of downsizing are important, the note introduces a simple tool that can be used in the design of downsizing programs to minimize negative distributional consequences. Although this note focuses on the differing effects of downsizing on men and women, similar concerns apply to other categories of workers (such as different ethnic groups). This tool can easily be adapted to minimize the negative distributional consequences for other groups as well.

Downsizing and Productivity Gains in the Public and Private Sectors of Colombia

Rama, Martín; Newman, Constance
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Public sector restructuring, including labor downsizing, has been one of the main areas of policy activism in developing countries, and transition economies. But little is known about its actual effects. The authors use panel data on Colombian enterprises spanning more than one decade, to assess the impact on several productivity indicators. The results suggest that the productivity gains from downsizing, are larger in state-owned enterprises than in private enterprises. While the increase in value added per worker is similar in both cases, state-owned enterprises experience an increase in total value added, and in value added per unit of capital, whereas both indicators decline in private enterprises. The difference, which could simply reflect the larger extent of initial inefficiency in state-owned enterprises, does not appear to depend on the degree of competition in product markets.

The Gender Implications of Public Sector Downsizing : The Reform Program of Vietnam

Rama, Martín
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Using data from Vietnam, this article describes several types of analysis that can be conducted before launching a major downsizing operation to identify possible gender effects. It draws several conclusions about Vietnam s downsizing reforms. First, although women s prospects of obtaining salaried jobs following displacement from state-owned enterprise worsened as a result of recent reforms, they are likely to improve in the near future. Second, reforms are associated with a sharp decline in the gender gap in earnings, both in and outside the state sector. Third, overstaffing is greatest in sectors in which most employees are men, such as construction, mining, and transportation; it is much less prevalent in sectors in which women dominate the work force, such as footwear, textiles, and garments. Fourth, training, and assistance programs to help redundant workers reveal no evidence of strong gender bias. Fifth, severance packages based on a multiple of earnings are more favorable to men, whereas lump sum packages favor women.

Living on Both Sides of the Fence: A Phenomenological Study of Human Resource Development Professionals as Downsizing Survivors and Strategic Human Resource Development Facilitators

Nackoney, Claire K
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
This phenomenological study explored how HR professionals who identified themselves as facilitators of strategic HRD (SHRD) perceived the experience of being an organizational agent-downsizing survivor. Criterion and snowball sampling were used to recruit 15 participants for this study. A semi-structured interview guide was used to interview participants. Creswell’s (2007) simplified version of Moustakas’s (1994) Modification of the Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen Method of Analysis of Phenomenological Data was used to analyze the data. Four main themes and corresponding sub-themes emerged from an inductive data analysis. The four main themes were a) the emotionality of downsizing, b) feeling responsible, c) choice and control, and d) possibilities for growth. Participants perceived downsizing as an emotional organizational change event that required them to manage their own emotions while helping others do the same. They performed their roles within an organizational atmosphere that was perceived as chaotic and filled with apprehension, shock, and a sense of ongoing loss, sadness and grieving. They sometimes experienced guilt and doubt and felt deceptive for having to keep secrets from others when planning for downsizing. Participants felt a strong sense of responsibility to protect employees emotionally...

Does downsizing improve organizational performance? An analysis of Spanish manufacturing firms

Muñoz-Bullón, Fernando; Sánchez-Bueno, María José
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of downsizing on corporate performance, considering a sample of manufacturing firms drawn from the Spanish Survey of Business Strategies during the 1993- 2005 period. No significant differences in post-downsizing performance arise between companies which downsize and those that do not. Likewise, we find that substantial workforce reductions through collective dismissals do not either lead to improved performance levels. Downsizing, therefore, may not be a way for managers to increase performance, particularly in a context like the Spanish one, where the labour market is characterized by a high protection of employees’ rights and substantial contract termination costs.

Downsizing implementation and financial performance

Muñoz-Bullón, Fernando; Sánchez-Bueno, María José
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; text/plain; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream
Publicado em /06/2008 ENG; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
In the present study we explore the relationship between downsizing decisions and corporate financial performance after top management has decided to downsize. Our focus is on the financial consequences arising from the amount of downsizing and the use of disengagement incentives. For this purpose, we use a sample of downsizing announcements in the Spanish press from 1995 up to 2001. Although the results show that the amount of downsizing is not significantly related to post-downsizing profitability, the evidence provided supports the finding that the use of disengagement incentives (which motivate workers to leave the organization) is negatively related to firm performance. Our analysis helps to understand the role that strategic downsizing decisions play in explaining observed variance in the performance of downsized firms. Thus, it advances scholarly organizational research by reinforcing the concept that corporate performance is not only contingent on strategies, but also influenced by the means through which these strategies are implemented.

The emotional toll of organizational downsizing.

Wilks, Daniela Carvalho
Fonte: Centro de Investigação em Gestão e Economia da Universidade Portucalense Publicador: Centro de Investigação em Gestão e Economia da Universidade Portucalense
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
In spite of the frequent need for downsizing organisations, managers are in general badly prepared to meet such contingencies when they arise. There is thus a real need for educating managers to handle layoffs. This paper analyses the emotional dynamics at work in cases of downsizing organisations, the types of impact on layoff ‘survivors’ and the coping strategies that management may promote and deploy in order to minimise organisational trauma. Emotions are key factors in social life upon which a coherent sense of community ultimately depends. The idea advanced here is that understanding and managing emotions may enhance survivor coping capacities and thus prevent the major negative effects of downsizing for both the organisation and the individual. The paper concludes with practical recommendations to ensure that emotional well-being is prioritised as central to the process of downsizing in order to maximize cooperation and sustain collective endeavour.

The affect the downsizing of the Department of Defense is having on small business subcontractors of the top ten defense contractors

O'Rear, Dennis P.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This study was conducted to identify the effect the downsizing of the Department of Defense is having on the small business subcontractors and subcontracts of the top ten defense contractors. A questionnaire via telephone interviews was utilized to gather information from the top ten defense contractors. The study concludes that small business subcontract trends and goal percentages within DOD will remain constant despite the decrease in defense spending. The study identified commodity and industry groups adversely affected as well as those that have benefited from the downsizing. Additionally, the study identified strategies small businesses should use for survival in this environment, as well as assistance available from industry and the Government. The study recommends the Government identify actual dollar amounts being subcontracted to specific commodity groups or industries, instead of using percentage goals. The Government should provide more adequate training and communication to small business firms.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Living on both sides of the fence: A phenomenological study of human resource development professionals as downsizing survivors and strategic human resource development facilitators

Nackoney, Claire Kostopulos
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
This phenomenological study explored how HR professionals who identified themselves as facilitators of strategic HRD (SHRD) perceived the experience of being an organizational agent-downsizing survivor. Criterion and snowball sampling were used to recruit 15 participants for this study. A semi-structured interview guide was used to interview participants. Creswell's (2007) simplified version of Moustakas's (1994) Modification of the Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen Method of Analysis of Phenomenological Data was used to analyze the data. Four main themes and corresponding sub-themes emerged from an inductive data analysis. The four main themes were a) the emotionality of downsizing, b) feeling responsible, c) choice and control, and d) possibilities for growth. ^ Participants perceived downsizing as an emotional organizational change event that required them to manage their own emotions while helping others do the same. They performed their roles within an organizational atmosphere that was perceived as chaotic and filled with apprehension, shock, and a sense of ongoing loss, sadness and grieving. They sometimes experienced guilt and doubt and felt deceptive for having to keep secrets from others when planning for downsizing. Participants felt a strong sense of responsibility to protect employees emotionally...

The impact of hospital downsizing on registered nurses displaced from full-time employment

Gustafson, Diana L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
This research identified and explored the various responses often women Registered Nurses displaced from full-time elnployment as staff nurses in general hospitals in southern Ontario. These nurses were among the hundreds in Ontario who were displaced between October 1991 and October 1995 as a result of organizational downsizing and other health care reform initiatives. The purpose ofthis research was to document tIle responses of nurses to job displacement, and how that experience impacted on a nurse's professional identity and her understanding of the nature and utilization of nursing labour. This study incorporated techniques consistent with the principles of naturalistic inquiry and the narrative tradition. A purposive sample was drawn from the Health Sector Training and Adjustment Program database. Data collection and analysis was a three-step process wherein the data collection in each step was informed by the data analysis in the preceding step. The main technique used for qualitative data collection was semistructured, individual and group interviews. Emerging from the data was a rich and textured story ofhow job displacement disrupted the meaningful connections nurses had with their work. In making meaning of this change...

The Impact of Hospital Downsizing on Registered Nurses Displaced from Full -Time Employment

Gustafson, Diana L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
This research identified and explored the various responses of ten women Registered Nurses displaced from full-time employment as staff nurses in general hospitals in southern Ontario. These nurses were among the hundreds in Ontario who were displaced between October 1991 and October 1995 as a result of organizational downsizing and other health care reform initiatives. The purpose of this research was to document the responses of nurses to job displacement, and how that experience impacted on a nurse's professional identity and her understanding of the nature and utilization of nursing labour. This study incorporated techniques consistent with the principles of naturalistic inquiry and the narrative tradition. A purposive sample was drawn from the Health Sector Training and Adjustment Program database. Data collection and analysis was a three-step process wherein the data collection in each step was informed by the data analysis in the preceding step. The main technique used for qualitative data collection was semistructured, individual and group interviews. Emerging from the data was a rich and textured story of how job displacement disrupted the meaningful connections nurses had with their work. In making meaning of this change...

Downsizing the physician workforce.

McClendon, B J; Politzer, R M; Christian, E; Fernandez, E S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.64%
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the need for downsizing the physician workforce in a changing health care environment. METHODS: First assuming that 1993 physician-to-population ratios would be maintained, the authors derived downsizing estimates by determining the annual growth in the supply of specialists necessary to maintain these ratios (sum of losses from death and retirement plus increase necessary to parallel population growth) and compared them with an estimate of the number of new physicians being produced (average annual number of board certificates issued between 1990 and 1994). Then, assuming that workforce needs would change in a system increasingly dominated by managed care, the authors estimated specialty-specific downsizing needs for a managed care dominated environment using data from several sources. RESULTS: To maintain the 1993 199.6 active physicians per 100,000 population ratio, 14,644 new physicians would be needed each year. Given that an average of 20,655 physicians were certified each year between 1990 and 1994, at least 6011 fewer new physicians were needed annually to maintain 1993 levels. To maintain the 132.2 ratio of active non-primary care physicians per 100,000 population, the system needed to produce 9698 non-primary care physicians per year...

Towards a Population Synthesis Model of Objects formed by Self-Gravitating Disc Fragmentation and Tidal Downsizing

Forgan, Duncan; Rice, Ken
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/04/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
Recently, the gravitational instability (GI) model of giant planet and brown dwarf formation has been revisited and recast into what is often referred to as the "tidal downsizing" hypothesis. The fragmentation of self-gravitating protostellar discs into gravitationally bound embryos - with masses of a few to tens of Jupiter masses, at semi major axes above 30 - 40 au - is followed by grain sedimentation inside the embryo, radial migration towards the central star and tidal disruption of the embryo's upper layers. The properties of the resultant object depends sensitively on the timescales upon which each process occurs. Therefore, GI followed by tidal downsizing can theoretically produce objects spanning a large mass range, from terrestrial planets to giant planets and brown dwarfs. Whether such objects can be formed in practice, and what proportions of the observed population they would represent, requires a more involved statistical analysis. We present a simple population synthesis model of star and planet formation via GI and tidal downsizing. We couple a semi-analytic model of protostellar disc evolution to analytic calculations of fragmentation, initial embryo mass, grain growth and sedimentation, embryo migration and tidal disruption. While there are key pieces of physics yet to be incorporated...

Natural Downsizing in Hierarchical Galaxy Formation

Neistein, Eyal; Bosch, Frank C. van den; Dekel, Avishai
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
Stellar-population analyses of today's galaxies show "downsizing", where the stars in more massive galaxies tend to have formed earlier and over a shorter time span. We show that this phenomenon is not necessarily "anti-hierarchical" but rather has its natural roots in the bottom-up clustering process of dark-matter haloes. While the main progenitor does indeed show an opposite effect, the integrated mass in all the progenitors down to a given minimum mass shows a robust downsizing that is qualitatively similar to what has been observed. These results are derived analytically from the standard extended Press Schechter (EPS) theory, and are confirmed by merger trees based on EPS or drawn from N-body simulations. The downsizing is valid for any minimum mass, as long as it is the same for all haloes at any given time, but the effect is weaker for smaller minimum mass. If efficient star formation is triggered by atomic cooling, then a minimum halo mass arises naturally from the minimum virial temperature for cooling, T~10^4 K, though for such a small minimum mass the effect is weaker than observed. Baryonic feedback effects, which are expected to stretch the duration of star formation in small galaxies and shut it down in massive haloes at late epochs...