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## Coordination dynamics and attentional costs of continuous and discontinuous bimanual circle drawing movements

SUMMERS, Jeffery J.; MAEDER, Sabrina; HIRAGA, Cynthia Y.; ALEXANDER, James R. M.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
It has been suggested that the temporal control of rhythmic unimianual movements is different between tasks requiring continuous (e.g., circle drawing) and discontinuous movements (e.g., finger tapping). Specifically, for continuous movements temporal regularities are ail emergent property, whereas for tasks that involve discontinuities timing is ail explicit part of the action goal. The present experiment further investigated the control of continuous and discontinuous movements by comparing the coordination dynamics and attentional demands of bimanual continuous circle drawing with bimanual intermittent circle drawing. The intermittent task required participants to insert a 400 ms pause between each cycle while circling. Using dual-task methodology, 15 right-handed participants performed the two circle drawing tasks, while vocally responding to randomly presented auditory probes. The circle drawing tasks were performed in symmetrical and asymmetrical coordination modes and at movement frequencies of 1 Hz and 1.7 Hz. Intermittent circle drawing exhibited superior spatial and temporal accuracy and stability than continuous circle drawing supporting the hypothesis that the two tasks have different underlying control processes. In terms of attentional cost...

## Development of enzymic time-temperature integrators with rapid detection for evaluation of continuous HTST pasteurization processes

Aguiar, Helena de Fazio; Yamashita, André Shigueo; Wilhelms Gut, Jorge Andrey
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
The assessment of the thermal process impact in terms of food safety and quality is of great importance for process evaluation and design. This can be accomplished from the analysis of the residence time and temperature distributions coupled with the kinetics of thermal change, or from the use of a proper time-temperature integrator (TTI) as indicator of safety and quality. The objective of this work was to develop and test enzymic TTIs with rapid detection for the evaluation of continuous HTST pasteurization processes (70-85 degrees C, 10-60 s) of low-viscosity liquid foods, such as milk and juices. Enzymes peroxidase, lactoperoxidase and alkaline phosphatase in phosphate buffer were tested and activity was determined with commercial reflectometric strips. Discontinuous thermal treatments at various time-temperature combinations were performed in order to adjust a first order kinetic model of a two-component system. The measured time-temperature history was considered instead of assuming isothermal conditions. Experiments with slow heating and cooling were used to validate the adjusted model. Only the alkaline phosphatase TTI showed potential to be used for the evaluation of pasteurization processes. The choice was based on the obtained z-values of the thermostable and thermolabile fractions...

## Modelagem de séries temporais financeiras multidimensionais via processos estocásticos e cópulas de Lévy ; Multidimensional Financial Time Series Modelling via Lévy Stochastic Processes and Copulas

Santos, Edson Bastos e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%

## Transições de fase e processos de nucleação no espaço de regras de autômatos celulares; Phase transitions and nucleation processes in cellular automata rule space

Reia, Sandro Martinelli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.87%

## Study of the innovation management process in the development of a discontinuous product case : Motorola RAZR V3

Santos Junior , José Maria Ewerton dos
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
This study will collaborate by bringing some detailed analysis and findings on a special case study of a discontinuous product development process, trying to answer how the discontinuous product development process takes place and the main factors that influence this process. Additionally, it tried to explore some explanations for the difficulties generally faced by the companies to sustain innovation. The case is about the Motorola cell phone RAZR V3, launched in 2004. RAZR V3 was noted by industry experts as game-changing feat of design and engineering, selling more than 110 million units by end of 2008 and recognized as one of the fastest selling products in the industry. The study uses a single case methodology, which is appropriate given the access to a phenomenon that happened inside corporate dominium and it is not easily accessed for academic studies, besides being a rare case of success in the cellular phone industry. In order to magnify the understanding of the phenomenon, the exploration was extended to contrast the RAZR development process and the standard product development process in Motorola. Additionally, it was integrated a longitudinal reflection of the company product development evolution until the next breakthrough product hitting the cellular phone industry. The result of the analysis shows that discontinuous products do not fit well traditional product development process (in this case...

## Nanopartículas de ácido hialurônico produzidas por nanoprecipitação e reticulação química : processos e caracterização; Hyaluronic acid nanoparticles produced by nanoprecipitation and chemical crosslinking : processes and characterization

Rafaela Costa Souza Bicudo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%

## An infectious arterivirus cDNA clone: Identification of a replicase point mutation that abolishes discontinuous mRNA transcription

van Dinten, Leonie C.; den Boon, Johan A.; Wassenaar, Alfred L. M.; Spaan, Willy J. M.; Snijder, Eric J.
Fonte: The National Academy of Sciences of the USA Publicador: The National Academy of Sciences of the USA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
Equine arteritis virus (EAV) is a positive-strand RNA virus that uses a discontinuous transcription mechanism to generate a nested set of six subgenomic mRNAs from which its structural genes are expressed. A stable bacterial plasmid (pEAV030) containing a full-length cDNA copy of the 12.7-kb EAV genome was constructed. After removal of a single point mutation in the replicase gene, RNA transcripts generated in vitro from pEAV030 were shown to be infectious upon electroporation into BHK-21 cells. A genetic marker mutation was introduced at the cDNA level and recovered from the genome of the progeny virus. The potential of pEAV030 as a tool to express foreign genes was demonstrated by the efficient expression of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene from two different subgenomic mRNAs. The point mutation that initially rendered the full-length clone noninfectious was found to result in a particularly intriguing phenotype: RNA carrying this mutation can replicate efficiently but does not produce the subgenomic mRNAs required for structural protein expression. To our knowledge, this mutant provides the first evidence that the requirements for arterivirus genome replication and discontinuous mRNA synthesis are, at least partially...

## New stochastic processes to model interest rates : LIBOR additive processes

Colino, Jesús P.
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
In this paper, a new kind of additive process is proposed. Our main goal is to define, characterize and prove the existence of the LIBOR additive process as a new stochastic process. This process will be de.ned as a piecewise stationary process with independent increments, continuous in probability but with discontinuous trajectories, and having "càdlàg" sample paths. The proposed process is specifically designed to derive interest-rates modelling because it allows us to introduce a jump-term structure as an increasing sequence of Lévy measures. In this paper we characterize this process as a Markovian process with an infinitely divisible, selfsimilar, stable and self-decomposable distribution. Also, we prove that the Lévy-Khintchine characteristic function and Lévy-Itô decomposition apply to this process. Additionally we develop a basic framework for density transformations. Finally, we show some examples of LIBOR additive processes.

## Modelagem do processo de falha em materiais cimentícios reforçados com fibras de aço.; Numerical modeling of failure processes in steel fiber reinforced cementitious materials.

Bitencourt Júnior, Luís Antônio Guimarães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.22%

## Solutions of martingale problems for L\'evy-type operators and stochastic differential equations driven by L\'evy processes with discontinuous coefficients

Imkeller, Peter; Willrich, Niklas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
We show the existence of L\'evy-type stochastic processes in one space dimension with characteristic triplets that are either discontinuous at thresholds, or are stable-like with stability index functions for which the closures of the discontinuity sets are countable. For this purpose, we formulate the problem in terms of a Skorokhod-space martingale problem associated with non-local operators with discontinuous coefficients. These operators are approximated along a sequence of smooth non-local operators giving rise to Feller processes with uniformly controlled symbols. They converge uniformly outside of increasingly smaller neighborhoods of a Lebesgue nullset on which the singularities of the limit operator are located.

## Two Types of Discontinuous Percolation Transitions in Cluster Merging Processes

Cho, Y. S.; Kahng, B.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
Percolation is a paradigmatic model in disordered systems and has been applied to various natural phenomena. The percolation transition is known as one of the most robust continuous transitions. However, recent extensive studies have revealed that a few models exhibit a discontinuous percolation transition (DPT) in cluster merging processes. Unlike the case of continuous transitions, understanding the nature of discontinuous phase transitions requires a detailed study of the system at hand, which has not been undertaken yet for DPTs. Here we examine the cluster size distribution immediately before an abrupt increase in the order parameter of DPT models and find that DPTs induced by cluster merging kinetics can be classified into two types. Moreover, the type of DPT can be determined by the key characteristic of whether the cluster kinetic rule is homogeneous with respect to the cluster sizes. We also establish the necessary conditions for each type of DPT, which can be used effectively when the discontinuity of the order parameter is ambiguous, as in the explosive percolation model.; Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures

## Motion Planning via Optimal Control for Stochastic Processes

Esfahani, Peyman Mohajerin; Chatterjee, Debasish; Lygeros, John
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
We study stochastic motion planning problems which involve a controlled process, with possibly discontinuous sample paths, visiting certain subsets of the state-space while avoiding others in a sequential fashion. For this purpose, we first introduce two basic notions of motion planning, and then establish a connection to a class of stochastic optimal control problems concerned with sequential stopping times. A weak dynamic programming principle (DPP) is then proposed, which characterizes the set of initial states that admit a policy enabling the process to execute the desired maneuver with probability no less than some pre-specified value. The proposed DPP comprises auxiliary value functions defined in terms of discontinuous payoff functions. A concrete instance of the use of this novel DPP in the case of diffusion processes is also presented. In this case, we establish that the aforementioned set of initial states can be characterized as the level set of a discontinuous viscosity solution to a sequence of partial differential equations, for which the first one has a known boundary condition, while the boundary conditions of the subsequent ones are determined by the solutions to the preceding steps. Finally, the generality and flexibility of the theoretical results are illustrated on an example involving biological switches.

## On diffusion approximation with discontinuous coefficients

Krylov, N. V.; Liptser, R.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
Convergence of stochastic processes with jumps to diffusion processes is investigated in the case when the limit process has discontinuous coefficients. An example is given in which the diffusion approximation of a queueing model yields a diffusion process with discontinuous diffusion and drift coefficients.; Comment: 29 pages

## Cluster aggregation model for discontinuous percolation transition

Cho, Y. S.; Kahng, B.; Kim, D.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.12%
The evolution of the Erd\H{o}s-R\'enyi (ER) network by adding edges can be viewed as a cluster aggregation process. Such ER processes can be described by a rate equation for the evolution of the cluster-size distribution with the connection kernel $K_{ij}\sim ij$, where $ij$ is the product of the sizes of two merging clusters. Here, we study more general cases in which $K_{ij}$ is sub-linear as $K_{ij}\sim (ij)^{\omega}$ with $0 \le \omega < 1/2$; we find that the percolation transition (PT) is discontinuous. Moreover, PT is also discontinuous when the ER dynamics evolves from proper initial conditions. The rate equation approach for such discontinuous PTs enables us to uncover the mechanism underlying the explosive PT under the Achlioptas process.; Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures

## Discontinuous Percolation Transitions in Epidemic Processes, Surface Depinning in Random Media and Hamiltonian Random Graphs

Bizhani, Golnoosh; Paczuski, Maya; Grassberger, Peter
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
Discontinuous percolation transitions and the associated tricritical points are manifest in a wide range of both equilibrium and non-equilibrium cooperative phenomena. To demonstrate this, we present and relate the continuous and first order behaviors in two different classes of models: The first are generalized epidemic processes (GEP) that describe in their spatially embedded version - either on or off a regular lattice - compact or fractal cluster growth in random media at zero temperature. A random graph version of GEP is mapped onto a model previously proposed for complex social contagion. We compute detailed phase diagrams and compare our numerical results at the tricritical point in d = 3 with field theory predictions of Janssen et al. [Phys. Rev. E 70, 026114 (2004)]. The second class consists of exponential ("Hamiltonian", or formally equilibrium) random graph models and includes the Strauss and the 2-star model, where 'chemical potentials' control the densities of links, triangles or 2-stars. When the chemical potentials in either graph model are O(logN), the percolation transition can coincide with a first order phase transition in the density of links, making the former also discontinuous. Hysteresis loops can then be of mixed order...

## Intrinsic Ultracontractivity for Non-symmetric Levy Processes

Kim, Panki; Song, Renming
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.14%
Recently we extended the concept of intrinsic ultracontractivity to non-symmetric semigroups and proved that for a large class of non-symmetric diffusions Z with measure-valued drift and potential, the semigroup of Z^D (the process obtained by killing Z upon exiting D) in a bounded domain is intrinsic ultracontractive under very mild assumptions. In this paper, we study the intrinsic ultracontractivity for non-symmetric discontinuous Levy processes. We prove that, for a large class of non-symmetric discontinuous Levy processes X such that the Lebesgue measure is absolutely continuous with respect to the Levy measure of X, the semigroup of X^D in any bounded open set D is intrinsic ultracontractive. In particular, for the non-symmetric stable process X, the semigroup of X^D is intrinsic ultracontractive for any bounded set D. Using the intrinsic ultracontractivity, we show that the parabolic boundary Harnack principle is true for those processes. Moreover, we get that the supremum of the expected conditional lifetimes in a bounded open set is finite. We also have results of the same nature when the Levy measure is compactly supported.; Comment: 24 pages

## Affine processes on $\mathbb{R}_+^n \times \mathbb{R}^n$ and multiparameter time changes

Caballero, Ma. Emilia; Garmendia, José Luis Pérez; Bravo, Gerónimo Uribe
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
We present a time change construction of affine processes with state-space $\mathbb{R}_+^m\times \mathbb{R}^n$. These processes were systematically studied in (Duffie, Filipovi\'c and Schachermayer, 2003) since they contain interesting classes of processes such as L\'evy processes, continuous branching processes with immigration, and of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck type. The construction is based on a (basically) continuous functional of a multidimensional L\'evy process which implies that limit theorems for L\'evy processes (both almost sure and in distribution) can be inherited to affine processes. The construction can be interpreted as a multiparameter time change scheme or as a (random) ordinary differential equation driven by discontinuous functions. In particular, we propose approximation schemes for affine processes based on the Euler method for solving the associated discontinuous ODEs, which are shown to converge.; Comment: 27 pages

## Explosive Percolation in Erd\"os-R\'enyi-Like Random Graph Processes

Panagiotou, Konstantinos; Spöhel, Reto; Steger, Angelika; Thomas, Henning
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.16%
The evolution of the largest component has been studied intensely in a variety of random graph processes, starting in 1960 with the Erd\"os-R\'enyi process. It is well known that this process undergoes a phase transition at n/2 edges when, asymptotically almost surely, a linear-sized component appears. Moreover, this phase transition is continuous, i.e., in the limit the function f(c) denoting the fraction of vertices in the largest component in the process after cn edge insertions is continuous. A variation of the Erd\"os-R\'enyi process are the so-called Achlioptas processes in which in every step a random pair of edges is drawn, and a fixed edge-selection rule selects one of them to be included in the graph while the other is put back. Recently, Achlioptas, D'Souza and Spencer (2009) gave strong numerical evidence that a variety of edge-selection rules exhibit a discontinuous phase transition. However, Riordan and Warnke (2011) very recently showed that all Achlioptas processes have a continuous phase transition. In this work we prove discontinuous phase transitions for a class of Erd\"os-R\'enyi-like processes in which in every step we connect two vertices, one chosen randomly from all vertices, and one chosen randomly from a restricted set of vertices.

## Unstable supercritical discontinuous percolation transitions

Chen, Wei; Cheng, Xueqi; Zheng, Zhiming; Chung, Ning Ning; D'Souza, Raissa M.; Nagler, Jan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.33%
The location and nature of the percolation transition in random networks is a subject of intense interest. Recently, a series of graph evolution processes have been introduced that lead to discontinuous percolation transitions where the addition of a single edge causes the size of the largest component to exhibit a significant macroscopic jump in the thermodynamic limit. These processes can have additional exotic behaviors, such as displaying a Devil's staircase' of discrete jumps in the supercritical regime. Here we investigate whether the location of the largest jump coincides with the percolation threshold for a range of processes, such as Erdos-Renyi percolation, percolation via edge competition and via growth by overtaking. We find that the largest jump asymptotically occurs at the percolation transition for Erdos-Renyi and other processes exhibiting global continuity, including models exhibiting an explosive' transition. However, for percolation processes exhibiting genuine discontinuities, the behavior is substantially richer. In percolation models where the order parameter exhibits a staircase, the largest discontinuity generically does not coincide with the percolation transition. For the generalized Bohman-Frieze-Wormald model...

## A scheme for simulating one-dimensional diffusion processes with discontinuous coefficients

Lejay, Antoine; Martinez, Miguel
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica