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Antecedentes, dinâmica e consequentes do desenvolvimento vocacional na infância; Antecedents, dynamics and consequents of vocational development in childhood

Araújo, Alexandra Maria Dantas de Castro
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 03/12/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.65%
Tese de doutoramento em Psicologia (área de especialização em Psicologia Vocacional); Actualmente, o desenvolvimento vocacional é caracterizado como um processo de ciclo-vital, influenciado por factores pessoais e contextuais. Não obstante ser evidente que as bases da exploração e da aprendizagem vocacional se formam durante a infância, são escassos os estudos que focam os primeiros anos de vida naquele domínio, comparativamente com o que é verificado para a adolescência e vida adulta. Esta investigação pretende contribuir para o aprofundamento das questões do desenvolvimento vocacional na infância, procurando colmatar algumas lacunas encontradas ao nível da teoria e da investigação a este respeito. Assim, no capítulo do enquadramento conceptual, analisam-se criticamente as teorias que contribuem para descrever e explicar indicadores de desenvolvimento vocacional na infância, oferecendo-se igualmente uma sistematização dos resultados da investigação associada. Além disso, apresenta-se o potencial da perspectiva contextualista desenvolvimentista para a integração de ideias, conceitos e resultados neste domínio, bem como para a orientação e definição de planos de estudo, focando os primeiros anos de vida. No segundo capítulo...

Training and development - a study of practices in Irish based companies

Heraty, Noreen
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.63%
non-peer-reviewed; This thesis represents an exploratory study of training and development practices in Irish based companies, and seeks to ascertain the degree to which these practices reflect a strategic orientation. In particular, it examines the main training and development activities undertaken, the role of the training specialist, and the power of the training and development function. The study had five main objectives: to review the extant literature in order to determine the factors promoting the emergence of Human Resource Development (HRD) as a key mechanism of employee development, and to highlight critical characteristics of strategic HRD; to examine the contingent nature of the HRD concept, and thereby identify key contextual organisational characteristics that impact upon the functioning of HRD; to examine current employee development practices in Ireland in order to assess whether training and development activities reflect a strategic orientation, or are moving towards a strategic model of employee development; to identify whether the contextual factors identified in the literature affect the nature of training and development practices in Ireland; and to examine the role of the training specialist in Ireland and the relative status of the training and development function. In order to fulfill these objectives...

World Development Indicators 2006

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.61%
The developing world has made remarkable progress. The number of people living in extreme poverty on less than $1 a day has fallen by about 400 million in the last 25 years. Many more children, particularly girls, are completing primary school. Illiteracy rates have fallen by half in 30 years. And life expectancy is nearly 15 years longer, on average, than it was 40 years ago. The demand for statistics to measure progress and demonstrate the effectiveness of development programs has stimulated growing interest in the production and dissemination of statistics. And not just in the traditional domains of debt, demographics, and national accounts, but in new areas such as biodiversity, information, communications, technology, and measures of government and business performance. In response World Development Indicators (WDI) has continued to grow and change. In 1999 members of the statistical community, recognizing that the production of sound statistics for measuring progress is a global responsibility, established the Partnership in Statistics for Development in the twenty-first century (PARIS21) to strengthen statistical capacity at all levels. In 2000 the United Nations millennium summit called on all countries to work toward a quantified...

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Fonte: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publicador: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.6%
The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; FAO Statistics Division
Fonte: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development Publicador: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.6%
The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

World Bank Corporate Scorecard 2011 : Integrated Results and Performance Framework

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.64%
The Corporate Scorecard is designed to provide a snapshot of the Bank’s overall performance, including its business modernization, in the context of development results. It facilitates strategic dialogue between Management and the Board on progress made and areas that need attention. The World Bank has comprehensive systems— on which it continuously improves—for measuring and monitoring both development results and its own performance. These systems are complemented by independent evaluation. With the Results Measurement System, which was adopted for the 13th replenishment of the International Development Association (IDA13) in 2002, the Bank became the first multilateral development institution to use a framework with quantitative indicators to monitor results and performance. The Corporate Scorecard expands this approach to the entire World Bank covering both the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and IDA.

Monitoring Monitoring : Assessing Results Measurement at the World Bank

Cotlear, Daniel; Kronick, Dorothy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.59%
This paper documents a review of results monitoring in the portfolio of the Latin America and Caribbean Region Human Development Department (LCSHD) of the World Bank. While several aspects of results monitoring have improved in recent years, and while a focused department-level action plan made additional progress, further improvements require Bank-wide action. Specifically, the report finds that the Bank does not have a fully functioning system of results monitoring. The Bank does not have a set of rules or procedures governing the measurement of development results, nor does it have a physical platform for reporting results, nor an incentive structure designed to encourage results monitoring. The paper discusses this finding along with potential recommendations.

Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2013 : An Independent Evaluation, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.61%
The global extreme poverty rate has fallen by half since 1990, but progress within the developing world has been uneven. Extreme poverty remains widespread in most low-income countries while many middle-income countries also continue to have substantial levels with many people there who have escaped extreme poverty remaining poor and vulnerable. Nor has there been robust progress in sharing prosperity: in many developing countries rapid growth has been accompanied by rising inequality, often with a geographic and ethnic dimension as progress in isolated areas has lagged behind. This appendix describes select elements of the evaluation systems in the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) that are the basis for this report. They illustrate commonalities as well as differences in evaluation practices across the institutions. The World Bank, IFC, and MIGA differ in the instruments and approaches they use to achieve development results. Each institution has an evaluation system tailored to its needs. In each organization...

The Changing Landscape of Development Evaluation Training

Roberts, Dawn
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Livro
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.6%
The World Bank Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) works to improve development results through excellence in evaluation. A key part of this mandate focuses on developing the Bank’s client countries’ capacities in monitoring and evaluation. To this end, IEG developed the International Program for Development Evaluation Training (IPDET) in 2001, and this executive training program has been implemented since then in partnership with Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. IPDET is managed by Carleton University but has received substantial in-kind (through technical experts) and financial support over the years from IEG. IPDET was conceived to offer a one-of-a-kind learning program for filling a gap in development evaluation training. However, there is broad recognition that the landscape is changing, with increasing numbers of organizations providing monitoring and evaluation (ME) training in some form, an evolving mix of formal graduate degree and certificate programs preparing evaluators, innovations in learning supported by new technologies...

The Capacity Development Results Framework; A Strategic and Results-Oriented Approach to Learning for Capacity Development

Otoo, Samuel; Agapitova, Natalia; Behrens, Joy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
The Capacity Development Results Framework (CDRF or the Framework) is a powerful new approach to the design, implementation, monitoring, management, and evaluation of development programs. Originally conceived to address well-documented problems in the narrow field of capacity development, the Framework can be profitably applied to assess the feasibility and coherence of proposed development projects, to monitor projects during implementation (with a view to taking corrective action), or to assess the results, or even the design, of completed projects. The framework can also be used as a step-by-step guide to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of projects and programs designed to build capacity for development at a national or sub-national level. That is how it is illustrated here. We chose this approach because such a guide was sorely needed, and because it allowed us to illustrate the full set of tools and processes provided by the framework. The framework is compatible with a broad range of situations and approaches to change management. But in all cases key actors in the change process must be identified and offered the knowledge and tools that they need to produce change in the direction of the desired goals. Critical points in the change path must be identified. At each such point...

The Importance of Stakeholder Ownership for Capacity Development Results

Smithers, Nicola
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.64%
Capacity development is widely accepted as critical to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and other development outcomes, but the results from capacity development initiatives have often been disappointing. This challenge signifies the urgent need to advance capacity development knowledge and practice. As a contribution to addressing this challenge, the World Bank Institute (WBI) has developed a strategic, country-led and approach to results focused capacity development, which involves collective action across society and an emphasis throughout on achieving results. The conceptual framework and processes for WBI’s approach are captured in the Capacity Development and Results Framework (CDRF) (Otoo, Agapitova and Behrens 2009). The focus of this paper is on the strength of stakeholder ownership. Drawing on a review of recent studies, literature and relevant examples, this paper seeks to deepen understanding of the importance of stakeholder ownership and its contributing institutional characteristics to achieving development goals. The paper identifies future collaborative research that would shed light on which change strategies are likely to be most effective in strengthening stakeholder ownership in different contexts.

Independent Evaluation of IFC’s Development Results 2009 : Knowledge for Private Sector Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.61%
The independent evaluation of International Finance Corporation's (IFC's) development results 2009 assesses the development outcomes and additionality (unique role and contribution) of IFC interventions. It analyzes factors driving results, and reviews performance patterns on a thematic topic. This year's thematic is IFC's Advisory Services (AS), knowledge services that IFC provides to either private companies or governments in support of private sector development. To enhance development impact, the report recommends that IFC: i) effectively manage the tension between protecting the portfolio and responding to opportunities during crisis; ii) set out an overall strategy for IFC advisory services, addressing the need for a clear vision and business framework and more closely linked with IFC's global corporate strategy; iii) pursue more programmatic AS interventions; iv) improve execution of the AS pricing policy; and v) strengthen AS performance measurement and internal knowledge management.

Independent Evaluation of IFC’s Development Results 2008 : IFC’s Additionality in Supporting Private Sector Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.6%
This year's annual Independent Evaluation of International Finance Corporation's (IFC's) Development Results (IEDR) reviews the development results related to 174 IFC-supported investment operations that reached early operating maturity during 2005-07. It also reviews, for the first time, preliminary results for IFC advisory services based on a pilot that evaluated 293 operations completed during 2004-06. As a second theme, the report provides a first ex-post look at the "additionality" (or unique role and contribution) of IFC's operations.

Enabling East Asian Communities to Drive Local Development

Worl
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.61%
Local development activities have profound impact on poor people's welfare. Communities and local governments interact closest to where people live and where essential public services are delivered, such as local transport, water supply, health and education. Vibrant local development requires productive, balanced interaction between empowered communities and capable and accountable local governments. For this interface to function best, well-organized, well-informed communities demand development results, holding local authorities to account and, through participation in decisions and oversight of public service delivery, ensure that those authorities remain effective and open to citizen input. In tandem, local governments supply the capacity to deliver services, reliable resources and a desire to meet local citizens' needs. As a vision for local development, the supply of and demand for effective and responsive government are well-matched. In section one, this report lays out the scope of CDD operations in East Asia and presents three frameworks for organizing them: according to local government context...

World Bank for Results 2011

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.67%
This first World Bank for Results report provides the Bank's shareholders, partners, and external stakeholders with an integrated view of results and performance in recent years. It serves as a companion to the World Bank Corporate Scorecard. Aggregating results that countries have achieved with Bank support against the backdrop of global development results, the report also assesses operational and organizational performance at the corporate level. This report is consistent with the Corporate Scorecard's four-tier structure for reporting on results and performance (Figure 2). It describes how global development progress is being measured relative to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other global development indicators (Tier I); highlights development results achieved with Bank support (Tier II); provides data on the effectiveness of Bank operations and services (Tier III); and assesses whether the Bank is functioning and adapting successfully to support countries in achieving results (Tier IV).

Toward Country-led Development : A Multi-Partner Evaluation of the Comprehensive Development Framework--Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.61%
This evaluation report synthesizes the findings of a multi-partner effort to assess implementation of the Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF). The evaluation's primary objectives are to: Identify the factors that have facilitated implementation of CDF principles, and those that have hindered it. Assess the extent to which CDF implementation has affected intermediate outcomes and, to the extent possible, longer-term development outcomes. In the mid-1990s, the aid community began a candid self-assessment. Disappointing development results-especially in Sub-Saharan Africa-had raised troubling questions: Does the emphasis on structural adjustment ignore the poor? Do the many agencies and international organizations working in developing countries overburden, rather than strengthen, the capacity of recipient governments? Does the poor coordination of donors add to the challenge of making development effective? Increasingly, the painful realization of development agencies, recipient countries, and aid analysts was "yes"-the full potential of international aid to reduce poverty by achieving positive...

Independent Evaluation of IFC's Development Results : Knowledge for Private Sector Development

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.66%
Independent evaluation of International Finance Corporations (IFC's) development results 2009 takes stock of the development performance of IFC's investment operations, and examines, for the first time, the development effectiveness of its Advisory Services (AS), thus offering the first holistic review of IFC's development results. On Investment Services (IS), the report finds that 72 percent of operations reaching early operating maturity between 2006 and 2008 met or exceeded their financial, economic, environmental, and social benchmarks, and made contributions to private sector development beyond just the project. This is a significant improvement over the 63 percent achieved between 2005 and 2007. Meanwhile, 70 percent of AS operations reviewed between 2006 and 2008 achieved high development effectiveness ratings. But these development results do not yet reflect the sharp deterioration in global economic conditions, which has just now begun to affect the economic environment in most developing countries. Experience suggests there are considerable risks to development results but crises can also offer new opportunities that need to be grasped. Projects approved in the years prior to a crisis were about 15 percent less likely to achieve good results than otherwise. In the wake of past crises...

Independent Evaluation of IFC's Development Results 2008 : IFC's Additionality in Supporting Private Sector Development

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC : International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.65%
The Independent Evaluation of International Finance Corporations (IFC's) Development Results (IEDR) is the annual flagship report of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG). It reviews IFC's effectiveness in supporting private sector development and its contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction, as well as to environmentally and socially sustainable development. The main purpose of the IEDR is to provide an independent assessment to the Executive Board, IFC Management, and the wider development community about recent trends in IFC's performance, and to stimulate debate and action on IFC strategy and operational processes going forward. The report also serves as a source of knowledge and learning about private sector development, in general, and about development impact, more specifically. This year's IEDR contains two main themes. The first is a review of the development results achieved by IFC-supported operations. On the investment side, this means looking at how well operations that reached early operating maturity during 2005-07 performed...

Independent Evaluation of IFC's Development Results 2007 : Lessons and Implications from 10 Years of Experience

Independent Evalaution Group
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
IFC's overriding objective is to help reduce poverty and support sustainable development in developing countries. This report, which assesses the impact of IFC toward that mission, appears at a time of unprecedented levels of private investment in the emerging markets. The report takes a look back at the development results that IFC-supported projects have achieved in the last 10 years, the main lessons that have emerged at the project level and the strategic implications for IFC going forward, in the context of rapid organizational growth. The report finds that IFC-supported project performance is closely linked to the quality of a country's business climate, the presence of a high quality sponsor, well-managed company and product market risk, and in particular, to IFC's work quality (especially at the appraisal and structuring stage, and including oversight of the environmental and social effects of projects). Going forward, the report highlights major challenges IFC faces to achieving overall development effectiveness. IFC will need to adopt a sharper country focus and better exploit synergies with the Bank and other development partners in improving business climates in developing countries.

World Bank Corporate Scorecard April 2013 : Integrated Results and Performance Framework

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Annual Report; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
The corporate scorecard provides information on the Bank's overall performance and the results achieved by its clients, against the backdrop of progress on global development objectives. The corporate scorecard facilitates strategic dialogue between management and the Board on progress made and areas that need attention. The corporate scorecard uses an integrated results and performance framework, which is organized in a four-tier structure that groups indicators along the results chain. Tier one indicators show the long-term development outcomes that countries are achieving, and provide the context and direction for the Bank's work. These high-level outcomes cannot be attributed directly to the Bank, because countries and their development partners all contribute to these achievements over the long term through a combination of multi-sector interventions, actions, and policy decisions. These indicators are also affected by external factors such as global crises. Tier two highlights development results that countries have achieved with Bank support. Tier three indicators provide information on the effectiveness of the Bank s operations and services. Tier four focuses on organizational effectiveness and modernization, and assesses how well the Bank is functioning and adapting to better support countries in achieving results.