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A flight software development and simulation framework for advanced space systems

Enright, John Patrick, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 314 p.; 13073081 bytes; 13072882 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.4%
Distributed terrestrial computer systems employ middleware software to provide communications abstractions and reduce software interface complexity. Embedded applications are adopting the same approaches, but must make provisions to ensure that hard real-time temporal performance can be maintained. This thesis presents the development and validation of a middleware system tailored to spacecraft flight software development. Our middleware runs on the Generalized Flight Operations Processing Simulator (GFLOPS) and is called the GFLOPS Rapid Real-time Development Environment (GRRDE). GRRDE provides publish-subscribe communication services between software components. These services help to reduce the complexity of managing software interfaces. The hard real-time performance of these services has been verified with General Timed Automata modelling and extensive run-time testing. Several example applications illustrate the use of GRRDE to support advanced flight software development. Two technology-focused studies examine automatic code generation and autonomous fault protection within the GRRDE framework. A complex simulation of the TechSat 21 distributed spacebased radar mission highlights the utility of the approach for large-scale applications.; by John Patrick Enright.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

A network development and runtime environment for StarLogo TNG

Jackman, John Daniel, III
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 44 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.42%
StarLogo: The Next Generation aims to introduce students to programming. The StarLogo application is frequently used in a classroom setting, but the effectiveness of StarLogo is limited as long as students cannot interact with each other using the application. This thesis describes the design and implementation of a networked development and runtime environment for StarLogo. Hopefully, students will become more interested in programming when they can collaborate to create and run StarLogo programs. In addition, teachers will have more options available when choosing classroom activities using StarLogo.; by John Daniel Jackman, III.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2007.; Includes bibliographical references (leaf 44).

The Quality of Life in Latin American Cities : Markets and Perception

Lora, Eduardo; Powell, Andrew; Praag, Bernard M.S. van; Sanguinetti, Pablo
Fonte: Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.39%
This book suggests how that exploration should be undertaken, and how a monitoring system that has a solid conceptual basis and is both easy to operate and reasonable in cost can then be put into practice. Long the ideal of many scholars and observers of urban problems, such a system may now be close to realization. In this book, examples of Latin American cities are used as case studies. As argued in the first chapter, there are good reasons to concentrate on Latin America: it is the world region with the most rapid urban development and is the most urbanized region in the developing world. In contrast to residents of cities in poorer regions, Latin Americans have managed to democratize homeownership and to extend basic services to the majority of households. That means that improving the Quality of Life (QoL) in Latin American cities is no longer primarily a matter of bricks and mortar. But the challenges are as large as they are diverse. Chapter two introduces the reader to the hedonic price and the life satisfaction approaches and presents a comparative summary of the conclusions of the six case studies. This chapter...

Climate Change and Sub-Saharan Africa : Issues and Opportunities

Dalfelt, Arne
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
Largely due to the potential threats to development, and human lives of well known climate changes, the World Bank is getting involved in a range of activities under the subject. The note focuses on climate changes in Africa, and, although it is argued that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from development projects in Africa should be paid minor attention, - because GHG emissions from Africa are negligible on a global scale; industrial countries should be the ones to bear major costs of reducing GHG emissions; and, due to the complex, tentative nature of potential impacts resulting from climate change - these factors do not mean that emissions are irrelevant in the African context. It is anticipated that changes in climate will result in adverse socioeconomic impacts in Africa, related to factors associated with the vulnerability of society, and the sensitivity of the environment. There is high dependency on bio-fuels, and agriculture and forestry, aggravated by restricted population mobility, poor health facilities...

Summary of the Online Discussion on Linking Gender, Poverty, and Environment for Sustainable Development (May 2 - June 17, 2011)

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.55%
Gender-poverty-environment links: a focus on the links between gender disparity, poverty and environmental degradation is increasingly recognized as a key strategy for improving the lives of poor women and men. Acknowledging the ways in which relationships between the environment, society and the economy are gendered opens space for new approaches to poverty reduction, environmental conservation and gender equality. The Social Development Department (SDV) of the World Bank conducted in-depth studies in Ethiopia and Ghana to advance understanding of the dynamics underlying negative spirals of poverty, environmental degradation, and gender inequality, and how to foster a positive synergy in the sustainable development sector e.g. energy, agriculture, natural resource management, water, urban development, and transport. An important component of the study design was an online discussion within and outside World Bank on findings from the country case studies to ground truth the potential for wider application in other countries; and to collect and share additional good practice cases that address gender-environment-poverty-links from as broad a range of countries as possible.

Implementation Guidelines for Poverty and Environment Work in Southwest China : Guidelines for Poverty Reduction Staff Including Checklists for Managers and Staff

WWF China
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
These guidelines have three sections. Section one provides food for thought, regarding poverty and environment, and how the two are linked. Section two provides practical tools to incorporate the environment into a village-level action plan for the environment. Section three provides ideas for innovative activities relating to the environment in poverty reduction programs. Finally two practical checklists are provided: one for poverty reduction managers who wish to monitor progress in incorporating environment into staff work; and one for poverty reduction staff involved into village poverty reduction plans. The guidelines focus on Southwest China where poor areas are mostly mountainous areas. In other parts of China where poor areas are also arid areas, poverty reduction staff may use these guidelines as a reference but will need to adjust specific contents in section 2 to the different environmental issues of the region they work in.

International Development Cooperation : Set of Lectures

Bartenev, Vladimir; Glazunova, Elena
Fonte: World Bank, Moscow Publicador: World Bank, Moscow
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.52%
This set of lectures is structured in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. It is divided into four parts. Part one examines the theoretical-methodological issues of development studies that remain largely a terra incognita for the Russian audience. The authors deliberately differentiated between two terms, development and international development assistance . The most voluminous Part two examines the key issues pertaining to aid architecture. In the beginning the authors reconstruct the terminological and institutional-legal system in which international development assistance is provided currently, classify the main criteria, forms, and modalities of aid, as well as identify key international development actors. The first introductory lecture is followed by a description of the latest trends in composition and distribution of aid flows with breakdowns by donor group, aid modality, region, country, income group, and sector. There is an analysis of those trends which hinder progress in increasing aid effectiveness. The authors develop the idea that international development assistance is a form of cooperation in which both donors and recipients (regardless of the differences in their motivation...

WTO negotiations on trade and environment – the dangers of protectionism in disguise

Drake-Brockman, Jane
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 118761 bytes; 359 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.44%
[Conclusion]: It has always been clear that if the EU is to gain ground on Trade and Environment, it would have to pay on agriculture. In my view, the recent CAP reform proposals, even if they do allow some limited progress on agriculture, will simply not translate into sufficient WTO negotiating coin for the EU to take home a win on Trade and Environment. Which is a very good thing. Because if the final deal in the Doha Round does include new environmental carve outs, it will expose the multilateral system to enormous protectionist risk. Clearly, with Agriculture and “civil society” both so high up the political priority list, the cluster of issues at the interface between Agriculture and Trade and Environment could well be the issues which determine the fate of this Round.; no

Development Bulletin 23 (1992). Environment and development

Fonte: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/ Publicador: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/
Tipo: Other; Published Version Formato: 56 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.6%
CONTENTS: DISCUSSION SERIES: ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT: MAJOR ISSUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY - Is sustainable development sustainable? / Ben Boer, page 2. Some themes in international environmental law / Juliet Behrens , page 5. Papua New Guinea's line in resource development and environment / James Fingleton, page 9. Assessing the environmental impact of development aid programs / M.E. Sullivan and D. King, page 12. Does aid help? Sustainable development without (necessarily) being 'green' / David Lea, page 17. Aid and the environment / Gary Scott, page 20. An NGO perspective / Kate Andrews, page 22. A new international ecological order: the search for sustainable development / Meg Switzer and Norm Saunders, page 24. Education and ecological sustainability / Stephen Boyden, page 26. Australia's role in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development / Department of the Arts, Sport, Environment, Tourism and Territories, page 28. Kathmandu Declaration on Environment and Law, page 30. CONFERENCE REPORTS, page 31. CONFERENCE CALENDAR, page 35. COURSES, page 37. ORGANISATION PROFILES, page 38. BOOK REVIEWS, page 40. NEW BOOKS, page 44. MONOGRAPHS, page 47. WORKING PAPERS, page 49. NEWSLETTERS AND JOURNALS, page 49. OTHER DEVELOPMENT RESOURCE MATERIALS...

Romania - Functional Review : Research, Development and Innovation Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.49%
A functional review by the World Bank of Romania's research, development and innovation (RD&I) sector has been commissioned by the Government of Romania and the European Commission as part of a broader assessment of the public administration contribution to the country's growth and continued convergence with the EU. The objective of the Review is to propose actions over the short to medium term to tangibly strengthen effectiveness and efficiency in the RD&I sector. This report is based on extensive literature research and data analysis, as well as three missions to Bucharest in January, March, and April 2011, during which the World Bank team met with representatives from a variety of public, private, and academic institutions and conducted a workshop with major stakeholders to review report findings. This final report -- prepared in collaboration with the World Bank Higher Education Review team and the EC's DG Research and Innovation -- presents observations and recommendations for consideration by the Government. The Review suggests that Romania's RD&I sector is in a silent crisis...

Sophia City Strategy

Zeijlon, Anders
Fonte: Sofia Municipality and the Cities Alliance/World Bank, Sofia Publicador: Sofia Municipality and the Cities Alliance/World Bank, Sofia
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The purpose of the Sofia City Strategy (SCS) is to combat poverty and provide the basis for sustainable development of the local economy and the welfare of city residents. SCS is driven by the need to reevaluate the increased role of Bulgarian local authorities that resulted from the country's transition from socialism to a market economy. Launching a long-term strategy for Sofia will provide the municipality with an opportunity to effectively implement the goals that it set out to achieve in the three to five year period ahead. Sofia's city management initiated work on the strategy in 2000 after cities alliance committed to support the initiative. The strategy draws upon the preferences and expectations of the population that were identified through analyses, consultations and surveys undertaken by international organizations and experts during strategy development. Five broad areas have been identified as key components of the strategy: i) the role of the municipality in the development and growth of the city economy; ii) the provision of infrastructure...

Economic Performance in Latin America and the Caribbean : A Microeconomic Perspective

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: General Economy, Macroeconomics and Growth Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
Important findings of recent studies based on a macroeconomic perspective include the need to take actions aimed at further increasing the region's integration into the global economy while at the same time deepening Latin America's relatively shallow financial markets. This study complements that body of knowledge by taking an alternative microeconomic, firm-level approach to explain productivity and economic performance. In particular, instead of the usual cross country econometric methodologies used to uncover the determinants of per capita GDP growth, this study focuses on the analysis of the investment climate determinants of productivity and wages at the firm level. Six main findings emerge from this analysis: first, the governance agenda, encompassing the strengthening of the rule of the law and the improvement of institutions and regulatory frameworks, emerges as a key policy priority for improving firm performance in Latin America. Second, expanding access to credit also appears as a relevant policy priority. Third...

World Development Report 1992; Development and the Environment

World Bank
Fonte: New York: Oxford University Press Publicador: New York: Oxford University Press
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
This is the fifteenth in the annual series assessing major development issues. The World Development Report 1992 explores the links between economic development and the environment. The 1990 report on poverty, last year's report on development strategies, and this report constitute a trilogy on the goals and means of development. The main message of this year's report is the need to integrate environmental considerations into development policymaking. The report argues that continued, and even accelerated, economic and human development is sustainable and can be consistent with improving environmental conditions, but that this will require major policy, program, and institutional shifts. A twofold strategy is required. First, the positive links between efficient income growth and the environment need to be aggressively exploited. Second, strong policies and institutions need to be put in place which cause decision makers to adopt less damaging forms of behavior. Where tradeoffs exist between income growth and environmental quality, the report argues for a careful assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative policies. This approach will result in much less environmental damage. Like its predecessors, this report includes the World Development Indicators...

Buildings Market Institutions in South Eastern Europe : Comparative Prospects for Investment and Private Sector Development

Broadman, Harry G.; Anderson, James; Claessens, Constantijn A.; Ryterman, Randi; Slavova, Stefka; Vagliasindi, Maria; Vincelette, Gallina A.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.52%
This report studies impediments to investment and private sector development in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, and Serbia and Montenegro. It aims to yield fundamentally new insights for improving the region's business environment, economic development, and prospects for growth. It focuses on four core topics: 1) Business competition and economic barriers to entry and exit; 2) Access to regulated utilities and services; 3) Corporate ownership, transparency of business accounts, and access to finance; and 4) Mechanisms for commercial dispute resolution. Each topic is empirically investigated across all eight South Eastern European countries through the systematic use of data from multiple sources: Official data from each country in the region; results from two annual rounds of quantitative, firm-level surveys covering 1,600 firms; and results from 40 originally developed enterprise-level business case studies. The result is an innovative analysis of cross-country comparisons and the development of key policy challenges from a regional perspective. The report ends by making concrete recommendations for reforms that would ease the constraints on domestic and foreign investment...

Mauritania - Policy Options to Enhance Private Sector Development : Country Economic Memorandum; Mauritanie - Options de politiques pour l'amelioration du developpement du secteur prive : memorandum economique du pays

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
Mauritania has undergone massive economic and political changes. Mauritania is a West African country located on the western edge of the Sahara desert, with a population of approximately 3 million people that is mostly concentrated in the urban areas. Since independence in the 1960s, Mauritania's economy has been dependent on natural resources, iron ore first then combined with fisheries, and presently oil and other minerals. Natural resources exploitation and more recently oil discovery boosted Mauritania's rate of economic growth, but key challenges remain, in particular the promotion of productive value-adding activities and the creation of a strong, formal class of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The Government of Mauritania recognizes the strategic role of the private sector and the urgency of supporting SME development as a catalyst for long-term growth. In the Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (GPRSP-II), the Mauritanian authorities indicated that accelerating economic growth will be based on: (i) optimizing spinoff effects from developing the oil business and implementing more effective policies for harnessing the growth potential of other promising sectors; (ii) a thorough reform of the financial system; (iii) significant improvement in the business climate and the development of SMEs; and (iv) giving a greater economic and land-use planning dimension to the infrastructure that supports growth (World Bank...

The Republic of Yemen : Comprehensive Development Review, Environment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.54%
The review focuses on development and the environment in Yemen, particularly analyzing the environment resource base, where renewable fresh water is scarce, mainly ground water, and its over exploitation is one of the country's major environmental problems. Fisheries resources are also important, while oil and gas are significant resources contributing to some eighty five percent of Yemen's export revenues. Environmental problems are caused fundamentally due to: population growth; poverty; and institutional weaknesses. Main issues discussed include water depletion, pollution and supply; land, and habitat degradation, in addition to soil erosion; and, loss of biodiversity, mostly resulting from poor management of water and eco-tourism. Waste water and solid waste management, including hazardous waste and pesticide management, are outlined as serious environmental problems, requiring immediate appropriate disposal. Priority actions of the national environment action plan identify the need for institutional capacity building regarding environmental management...

Innovation for Development and the Role of Government : A Perspective from the East Asia and Pacific Region

Fan, Qimiao; Li, Kouqing; Zeng, Douglas Zhihua; Dong, Yang; Peng, Runzhong
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
This book is the result of a joint forum on 'innovation for development' held by the World Bank and the China-based Asia-Pacific Finance and Development Center (AFDC) in Shanghai in September 2006. The book examines the relationship between innovation, competitiveness, and economic growth; the role of innovation in financial sector development; and specific government policies for innovation in China. Development is one of the major themes of today's world. In the context of global economic development practices, the development patterns of various countries fall primarily into three categories. The first is the resources-based pattern, which is supported by natural resource endowments. The second category is the dependency pattern, which is determined by a country's adjacency to economically developed countries with which it has close economic ties. The third is the innovation-based pattern, which is driven by innovation. Measured by levels of economic development, the current top 20 most developed countries in the world have opted primarily for an innovation-driven pattern. In addition...

The effect of social skills training on grade 3 students' self-esteem, moral development and perceptions of classroom environment

Kolenko, Irene.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.55%
Two Grade 3 classes were used to study the effects of a formal social skills training program. Specifically, comparisons were made on self-esteem, classroom environment, and moral development to see whether changes occurred as a direct result of social skills training. One group participated in the social skills program, while the other group did not. It was hypothesized that formal social skills training would improve students' selfesteem, moral development, and the classroom environment. At the end of the program, however, data from class observations, teacher interviews, journal of the social skills training group teacher, and measures of self-esteem, classroom environment and moral development did not support this hypothesis. Although the social skills training group scored significantly higher in class cohesiveness, they did not show marked improvement in the other measures. In fact, in some measures (e.g., friction and competitiveness), they demonstrated greater scores at both pretest and posttests. The social skills training group was, however, able to vocalize and utilize the strategies of several skills which had been a focus of the program, suggesting that formal social skills training is a useful tool for presenting and reinforcing some specific behaviours.

O brincar como fator potencializador da saúde ambiental no microssistema pediatria: uma análise bioecológica

Bersch, Ângela Adriane Schmidt
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
Dissertação(mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Ambiental, Instituto de Educação, 2005.; O estudo investigou a influência do brincar no microssistema pediatria durante o período de hospitalização sob a ótica dos profissionais, dos pacientes pediátricos e de seus responsáveis. Sabe-se que o brincar possibilita que a criança hospitalizada passe de uma situação passiva de doente para outra ativa, o que pode ser entendido como um fator de proteção, potencializador do desenvolvimento frente aos riscos sociais do contexto hospitalar. Para compreender as múltiplas interações, abordamos o desenvolvimento humano calcado na teoria Ecológica e Bioecológica de Urie Bronfenbrenner. A pesquisa é de cunho qualitativo e tem como instrumentos para coleta de informações, observações e entrevistas semi-estruturadas subsidiadas pela metodologia da Inserção Ecológica. Este modelo constitui-se em um referencial teórico-metodológico apropriado para a realização de pesquisas sobre o desenvolvimento-no-contexto em ambiente natural. Com o propósito de obter respostas de maior confiabilidade, adotou-se algumas estratégias para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa, quais sejam: o contato inicial; a inserção ecológica da pesquisadora; o estudo preliminar e o estudo principal. Constatou-se que a criança hospitalizada necessita mais do que medicamentos...

Economic development and the environment: Three essays.

Sieber, Stefanie
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.55%
The main question that motivates my PhD thesis is how economic activity in developing countries is influenced by and, in turn, affects the environment. Since these interactions can take many forms, I investigate this issue from three different angles, which necessitates both the usage of novel remote-sensing-based datasets and the development of a new theoretical framework. Firstly, the environment can have a direct impact on economic development, the most obvious example being natural disasters like cyclones. As the incidence and intensity of these events will increase with climate change, it is crucial to estimate their short- and long-run costs and the behavioural response of producers to these large and mostly uninsured aggregate shocks. I have, thus, created a new digital database of cyclone exposure for India to estimate how farmers smooth income in the aftermath of these events. The causality can also run the other way, as economic agents disrupt the environment. A case in point is deforestation, which is analysed in the co-authored second chapter of my thesis. In particular, we use satellite data to study how political decentralisation has affected district-level logging rates in Indonesia. Possible mechanisms include local election cycles...