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Prevalência de sintomas músculo-esqueléticos em estudantes de Medicina Dentária e médicos dentistas

Afonso, Tiago Alexandre Alves
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
Trabalho apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Licenciado em Fisioterapia; O objectivo deste estudo é alertar para a problemática das lesões músculo-esqueléticas de origem ocupacional nos indivíduos que exercem a actividade de medicina dentária, identificando e caracterizando os sintomas músculo-esqueléticos decorrentes da profissão e quantificando a sua prevalência tendo em conta as características sociais e posturais dos indivíduos. Analisou-se uma amostra de 34 médicos dentistas e 34 estudantes de Medicina Dentária, por aplicação de um questionário. Verificou-se que nesta amostra a dor é mais prevalente na região lombar (77,9%), ombros (73,5%) e pescoço (61,8%), não se tendo detectado, em geral, e contrariamente ao que se poderia esperar, diferenças significativas entre a frequência de dor nos estudantes e nos médicos. Tendo-se verificado frequências tão elevadas de dor, é de realçar a importância de actuar na prevenção das lesões músculo-esqueléticas nos dentistas e futuros dentistas. The aim of this study is to warn for the problem of musculoskeletal disorders of occupational origin in individuals who practice dentistry...

Satisfação profissional: perfil dos cirurgiões-dentistas que exercem suas atividades em empresa do setor privado. São Paulo, 2008; Job satisfaction: professional activities profile among the dentists who worked in a private enterprise of São Paulo State. São Paulo,

Ponte, Teresa Maria da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
O objetivo do estudo foi verificar o perfil das atividades profissionais dos cirurgiõesdentistas que desenvolviam suas atividades em uma empresa de caráter privado do Estado de São Paulo. Tratou-se de estudo transversal, realizado por meio de questionário auto-administrado distribuído aos dentistas que trabalhavam em unidades da empresa localizadas em diversas cidades do Estado de São Paulo. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo e foi realizada com ciência e autorização da empresa em questão. Os dados foram organizados e analisados no programa STATA 10.0. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa 194 cirurgiões-dentistas que exerciam suas atividades na empresa no ano de 2008. Em relação às características sociodemográficas, 68,04% eram do gênero feminino e 31,96% do gênero masculino e apresentavam idade entre 25 e 54 anos (média de 35,78 anos). Quanto à formação, 64,43% estudaram em faculdades públicas e 35,57% em faculdades particulares; 116 (59,79%) haviam concluído curso de especialização, 26 (13,40%), mestrado e 10 (5,15%) doutorado. O tempo médio de formado foi de 12,85 anos e a média de horas trabalhadas por semana foi de 41...

Avaliação da síndrome de Burnout em cirurgiões-dentistas no município de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil; Evaluation of Burnout syndrome in dentists the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

Diolena Sguarezi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/07/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em Cirurgiões-Dentistas no município de Cuiabá-MT e analisar a sua associação com variáveis sociodemográficas, ocupacionais e comportamentais. MÉTODOS: Estudo do tipo observacional, transversal e analítico, de natureza quantitativa. A amostra foi constituída por 253 Cirurgiões-Dentistas voluntários, foram utilizados dois questionários autoaplicativos: sociodemográfico, econômico e o Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Inicialmente os dados foram analisados por meio de tabelas de frequências e testes de Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fisher. A seguir foram estudadas as associações de cada variável, individualmente, e a Síndrome (sim ou não) por meio de análises brutas. As variáveis com p ≤ 0,20 na análise bruta foram testadas em um modelo de regressão logística múltipla, permanecendo no modelo aquelas com p ≤ 0,10. RESULTADOS: Nas associações entre as características sociodemográficas e a Síndrome de Burnout, considerando cada variável individualmente, sem ajuste para as demais características, observa-se que Cirurgiões-Dentistas do gênero feminino (p= 0,0552), com idade ≤ 40 anos (p= 0,0409), renda familiar de até R$ 5.000...

A survey of cross-infection control procedures: knowledge and attitudes of Turkish dentists

Yüzbasioglu,Emir; Saraç,Duygu; Canbaz,Sevgi; Saraç,Y. Sinasi; Cengiz,Seda
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Turkish dentists in Samsun City regarding cross-infection control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to obtain information about procedures used for the prevention of cross-infection in dental practices and determine the attitudes and perceptions of respondent dental practitioners to their procedures. The study population included all dentists in the city of Samsun, Turkey, in April 2005 (n=184). The questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and practice of infection control procedures, sterilization, wearing of gloves, mask, use of rubber dam, method of storing instruments and disposal methods of contaminated material, etc. Questionnaire data was entered into a computer and analyzed by SPSS statistical software. RESULTS: From the 184 dentists to whom the questionnaires were submitted, 135 participated in the study (overall response rate of 73.36%). As much as 74.10% dentists expressed concern about the risk of cross-infection from patients to themselves and their dental assistants. Forty-three percent of the participants were able to define "cross-infection" correctly. The greatest majority of the respondents (95.60%) stated that all patients have to be considered as infectious and universal precautions must apply to all of them. The overall responses to the questionnaire showed that the dentists had moderate knowledge of infection control procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Improved compliance with recommended infection control procedures is required for all dentists evaluated in the present survey. Continuing education programs and short-time courses about cross-infection and infection control procedures are suitable to improve the knowledge of dentists.

Child maltreatment: a survey of dentists in southern Brazil

Azevedo,Marina Sousa; Goettems,Marília Leão; Brito,Adão; Possebon,Anna Paula; Domingues,Juliana; Demarco,Flávio Fernando; Torriani,Dione Dias
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
Child abuse is a serious public health problem and affects the victims' physical and mental health and development. The aims of this study were two-fold: to assess the attitudes and perceptions of dentists regarding child abuse, and to investigate professional characteristics associated with the identification of suspected child abuse. A questionnaire was sent to the 276 dentists of Pelotas, RS, Brazil , and 187 (68.0%) were returned. Demographic characteristics and profiles of the dentists, and information about their knowledge and attitudes regarding child abuse were collected. Descriptive analysis was performed, and associations were tested by chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. From all dentists surveyed, 123 (71.9%) reported providing treatment for children. Most dentists believed they could detect cases of child abuse (78.7%), but 85.7% had never suspected it. Among those who did suspect, 76.0% did not report the cases to authorities. No differences were observed between sexes, years of graduation, types of licenses, and the frequency at which children were treated. A higher proportion of dentists working at university had suspected child abuse. Even though dentists considered themselves able to identify suspicious cases...

Pure Social Disparities in Distribution of Dentists: A Cross-Sectional Province-Based Study in Iran

Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A.; Hosseinpour, Reza; Haghparast-Bidgoli, Hassan; Gerdtham, Ulf-G
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.43%
During past decades, the number of dentists has continuously increased in Iran. Beside the quantity, the distribution of dentists affects the oral health status of population. The current study aimed to assess the pure and social disparities in distribution of dentists across the provinces in Iran in 2009. Data on provinces’ characteristics, including population and social situation, were obtained from multiple sources. The disparity measures (including Gini coefficient, index of dissimilarity, Gaswirth index of disparity and relative index of inequality (RII)) and pairwise correlations were used to evaluate the pure and social disparities in the number of dentists in Iran. On average, there were 28 dentists per 100,000 population in the country. There were substantial pure disparities in the distribution of dentists across the provinces in Iran. The unadjusted and adjusted RII values were 3.82 and 2.13, respectively; indicating area social disparity in favor of people in better-off provinces. There were strong positive correlations between density of dentists and better social rank. It is suggested that the results of this study should be considered in conducting plans for redistribution of dentists in the country. In addition, further analyses are needed to explain these disparities.

Saúde bucal no programa de saude da família: o caso do distrito sanitário norte em Natal - RN

Rocha, Evelin Cristina Araújo da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.33%
The inclusion of the dentist in the Family Health Program (FHP) teams designates a reorganization of the mouth health care in your country and establishes a new scenario in Brazilian odontology, through of a new way to organize the basic health care, creating conditions to consolidate in mouth health practice actions, in the level of the basic attention, the validation of Unique Health System (UHS) constitutional principles. The purpose of this research is to verify if the actuation of mouth health teams (MHT) dentists, in Natal city north sanitary district, is tuned with FHP goals.The target research population was composed by all dentists working in Basic Health Units (BHU) of Natal north sanitary district. Fifth-eight questionnaires were applied and using open and closed questions we look for identify the functional characteristics of each BHU, the dentists professional attributions on each BHU, as well as the clinical procedures that they execute. This research also searched to identify the factors that facilitate and/or difficult the inclusion process and the dentists activities performance on these BHUs, as well as the necessary actions to north sanitary district MHTs to fulfill the objectives proposed by FHP. The results point that the inclusion of mouth health actions in north sanitary district FHPs brought the incorporation of new values to the used practices. Whoever...

Child maltreatment a survey of dentists in southern Brazil

Azevedo, Marina Sousa; Goettems, Mar??lia Le??o; Brito, Ad??o; Possebon, Anna Paula; Domingues, Juliana; Demarco, Fl??vio Fernando; Torriani, Dione Dias
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontol??gica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontol??gica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
Child abuse is a serious public health problem and affects the victims??? physical and mental health and development. The aims of this study were two-fold: to assess the attitudes and perceptions of dentists regarding child abuse, and to investigate professional characteristics associated with the identification of suspected child abuse. A questionnaire was sent to the 276 dentists of Pelotas, RS, Brazil, and 187 (68.0%) were returned. Demographic characteristics and profiles of the dentists, and information about their knowledge and attitudes regarding child abuse were collected. Descriptive analysis was performed, and associations were tested by chi-square and Fisher???s exact tests. From all dentists surveyed, 123 (71.9%) reported providing treatment for children. Most dentists believed they could detect cases of child abuse (78.7%), but 85.7% had never suspected it. Among those who did suspect, 76.0% did not report the cases to authorities. No differences were observed between sexes, years of graduation, types of licenses, and the frequency at which children were treated. A higher proportion of dentists working at university had suspected child abuse. Even though dentists considered themselves able to identify suspicious cases...

Agentes para desinfec????o de aparelhos acr??licos ortod??nticos: o que os usu??rios utilizam e o que os dentistas recomendam?; Agents for disinfection of acrylic orthodontic appliances: which users use and that dentists recommend?

LAMAS, Rita Regina Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.37%
Poor hygiene associated with the use of orthodontic appliances in children and adolescents may increase the occurrence of oral diseases associated to, such as caries and gingivitis, turning important the knowledge of the most effective, used and designated cleaning methods for these devices. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of use of removable orthodontic appliances, hygiene methods used by school children and prescribed by dentists of the city of Pelotas/RS, and evaluating variables associated with it. This study was conducted in the city of Pelotas in a sample of schoolchildren aged 13-19 years from 20 schools, 16 public and 4 private. Two questionnaires were conducted to determine some socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics associated with the use of braces and another to determine the cleaning methods indicated by dentists of the city. The questionnaire of children was performed in the schools and the dentists questionnaire was performed through telephone calls. Statistical analysis was descriptive and bivariate, through the Chi-square test, or Fisher Linear Trend, depending on the type of variable exhibitor, with a p-value <0.05 as statistically significant. The frequency of use in schools was 5.4%. Students (89.76%) and dentists (47.21%) reported brushing with toothpaste as the main method of cleaning. In conclusion...

Oral health of children in South Australia by socio-demographic characteristics and choice of provider

Gaughwin, A.; Spencer, A.; Brennan, D.; Moss, J.
Fonte: MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD Publicador: MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.32%
Australia has a highly developed school dental program for providing dental care to schoolchildren which operates alongside well-established private practice delivery of dental care. While free school-based dental care has high utilisation where offered, little is known about the oral health outcomes of groups of children across different providers of dental care, or patterns of service use. This paper investigates the effects of socio-demographic characteristics and choice of dental provider on oral health amongst a random sample of secondary school students residing in Adelaide, South Australia. Objectives: To describe the oral health of children by different dental provider groups; to describe the association of socio-demographic characteristics with oral health outcomes; and to describe the differences in oral health that remained after controlling for socio-demographic confounding, by dental provider group. Methods: The study included metropolitan Adelaide schoolchildren from Year 9 and 10 school grades (n=373). Results: Children who received care from the School Dental Service (SDS) and from both the SDS and private dentists (Mixed) had significantly lower caries experience (DMFS) than children who received care from private dentists (Private) or who had not received any care for at least 2 years (No Recent Care). There were differences in the socio-demographic characteristics between children who used different dental providers...

Characteristics and practice profiles of migrant dentist groups in Australia: Implications for dental workforce policy and planning

Balasubramanian, M.; Spencer, A.J.; Short, S.D.; Watkins, K.; Chrisopoulos, S.; Brennan, D.S.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.39%
Introduction: Migrants comprise a growing proportion of the dental workforce in Australia. To date, research on migrant dentists is limited, raising policy questions regarding the motivations for migration, demographic profiles and work patterns. The purpose of this paper was to present findings from the first national survey of migrant dentists in Australia. Methods: All dentists with a primary dental qualification from an overseas institution and registered with the Australian Dental Association (n = 1,872) or enrolled as a graduate student in any of the nine dental schools in Australia (n = 105) were surveyed between January and May 2013. Results: A total of 1,022 participants (response rate = 54.5%) were classifiable into three migrant dentist groups: direct recognition (n = 491); Australian Dental Council (ADC) (n = 411); and alternative pathway (n = 120). Overall, 41.8% of migrant dentists were female. More than half of the ADC group (54.1%) were from lower middle income countries. The most frequent motivation for migration according to the direct recognition group (21.1%) was ‘adventure’, whereas other groups migrated for ‘better opportunity’. The majority of ADC respondents (65%) were under 45 years of age, and a larger proportion worked in the most disadvantaged areas (12.4%)...

Australian dentists: characteristics of those who employ or are willing to employ oral health therapists

Kempster, C.; Luzzi, L.; Roberts-Thomson, K.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Background: There has been an increase in the availability of oral health therapists (OHTs) in the oral health workforce in the last decade. The impact these clinicians will have on the oral health of the general public is dependent on access pathways and utilization. This study aimed to profile Australian dentists who employ or are willing to employ OHTs and to explore the degree of association between dentist characteristics and employment decisions. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a random sample of Australian dentists (n = 1169) from the Federal Australian Dental Association register in 2009. Participants were sent a postal questionnaire capturing dentist characteristics and oral health practitioner employment information. Results: An adjusted response rate of 55% was obtained. Dentists willing to employ OHTs included non-metropolitan dentists, dentists in multiple surgery practices and those considering practice expansion. Age, gender and sector of prac- tice were not significantly associated with retrospective employment decisions or willingness to employ in the future. Conclusions: Certain characteristics of dentists or of their practice are associated with their history of employment and willingness to employ OHTs. Employment decisions are more commonly related to entrepreneurial aspirations (expressed as a willingness to expand)...

Job satisfaction among 'migrant dentists' in Australia: implications for dentist migration and workforce policy

Balasubramanian, M.; Spencer, A.J.; Short, S.D.; Watkins, K.; Chrisopoulos, S.; Brennan, D.S.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
BACKGROUND: Migrants occupy a significant proportion of the dental workforce in Australia. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of job satisfaction of employed migrant dentists in Australia, and to examine the association between various migrant dentist characteristics and job satisfaction. METHODS: All migrant dentists resident in Australia were surveyed using a five-point Likert scale that measured specific aspects of job, career, and satisfaction with area and type of practice. RESULTS: A total of 1022 migrant dentists responded to this study; 974 (95.4%) were employed. Responses for all scales were skewed towards strongly agree (scores ≥4). The overall scale varied by age group, marital status, years since arrival to Australia, and specialist qualification (Chi square, p<0.05). In a multivariate logistic regression model, there was a trend towards greater satisfaction amongst older age groups. Dentists who migrated through the examination pathway (mainly from low- and middle-income countries) had a lower probability of being satisfied with the area and type of practice (OR=0.71; 0.51 - 0.98), compared with direct-entry migrant dentists (from high income countries). CONCLUSION: The high-level of job satisfaction of migrant dentists reflects well on their work-related experiences in Australia. The study offers policy suggestions towards support for younger dentists and examination pathway migrants...

Dentist preferences for patients: Dimensions and associations with provider, practice, and service characteristics

Brennan, D.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc Publicador: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
Provider-patient relations may influence the nature of care provided. The aim of this study was to examine dentist preferences for patients, relate these to characteristics of dentists and practices, and to services provided. A random sample of Australian dentists completed mailed questionnaires (response = 60.3%). Four factor-based subscales and an overall scale (Selectivity) were derived from a 37-item battery. The 4 subscales comprised treatment adherence (behavior relevant to the treatment situation), personal adaptability (willingness to cooperate when expected to do so), social interactiveness (positive affect, communicativeness, and appreciativeness), and enabling characteristics (willing and able to pay, and good dental knowledge). Reliability was adequate (Cronbach's α = 0.71-0.90). Treatment adherence was associated with higher orthodontic rates, but a lower extraction rate; social interactiveness was associated with higher extraction and denture rates; personal adaptability was associated with higher orthodontic rates, but lower general/miscellaneous service rates; enabling characteristics was associated with higher endodontic and crown and bridge rates; selectivity was associated with higher rates of diagnostic, preventive...

Evaluation of patients by private general practitioners: associations with patient, visit, and service characteristics

Brennan, D.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: F D I World Dental Press Ltd Publicador: F D I World Dental Press Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.37%
Objective: To examine evaluations of patients by dentists, and analyse these by patient, visit and service characteristics. Basic Research Design: Mailed questionnaires collected from a random sample of Australian dentists in 1997-98 (response rate = 60.3%; n = 345 private general practitioners provided service data). Main Outcome Measures: Three factor-based sub-scales ('payment', 'no problems', and 'knowledge') and an overall scale ('evaluation') were derived from a 5-item battery. Scale and sub-scale scores ranged between I and 5. Lower scores indicated better evaluation ratings. Results: Nearly 60% of patients had better ratings (scores < or = 2) on the 'payment' and 'no problems' sub-scales, 39.9% on the 'knowledge' sub-scale, and 36.4% on the 'evaluation' scale. Better ratings on all sub-scales and the overall scale were associated with dentate patients, non-emergency visits, insurance, and no decayed teeth (chi2; P<0.05). Those with better 'evaluation' scale ratings (scores < or = 2.0), had higher [Poisson regression, P < or = 0.05; RR=Rate ratio] preventive (RR = 1.30), and crown and bridge rates (RR = 1.88), but lower extraction rates (RR = 0.52). Conclusions: Desirable characteristics of patients were associated with more favourable evaluation scores by their dentists. Patients with better evaluation scores received a more favourable service pattern.; D.S. Brennan and A.J. Spencer; Copyright © 2002 FDI World Dental Press

Stability of practice beliefs and preferences for patients among private general dentists: a comparison of 1997 and 2007

Brennan, D.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
BACKGROUND: Practice beliefs and dentist preferences for patients have been related to service rates and appropriateness of care. If practice beliefs and preferences for patients are stable then they could restrain long-term changes in practice styles and service rates. The aim of this paper was to assess the stability of practice beliefs and preferences for patients between 1997 and 2007. METHODS: Practice beliefs and dentist preferences for patients were recorded on a five-point Likert scale using mailed questionnaires from a random sample of dentists in 1997 (response rate = 60 per cent) and 2007 (response rate = 77 per cent). RESULTS: In both 1997 and 2007, n = 215 dentists provided data. For practice beliefs, 1 out of 8 items were significantly different (p < 0.05; McNemar's test) between the two observations (12.5 per cent of practice belief items) while 5 out of 37 dentist preferences for patient characteristics items were significantly different (13.5 per cent of items). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of items were not significantly different over time. This demonstrates a generally high degree of stability over time in the level of agreement with dentist practice beliefs and preferences for patients. Given that it may be difficult for clinicians to change practice beliefs and behaviours that have become established...

Dental anxiety screening practices and self-reported training needs among Australian dentists

Armfield, J.; Mohan, H.; Luzzi, L.; Chrisopoulos, S.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that dentists screen for dental anxiety (DA) so that fearful patients may be better managed. This study's main aim was to determine what dentists are being taught in relation to DA and whether and how anxious patients are identified in the clinic. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-six practising dentists (adjusted response rate = 40.1%), from a random sample of registered Australian dentists, completed a mailed questionnaire. RESULTS: Dentists estimated that high DA affected 23.3% of children and 19.4% of adults seen. Only 3.7% of dentists reported using a published scale for screening DA, with the most common reason being lack of awareness (56.5%). Approximately one-half of responding dentists directly asked their patients about DA and this was more common among younger dentists (χ(2) = 7.75, p = 0.021). There were few differences in DA screening by other practitioner or practice characteristics (p > 0.05). Only one-third of dentists had received undergraduate training related to DA and only 41.7% considered this to be 'good' or better. Almost 37% of respondents expressed an interest in future training opportunities. CONCLUSIONS: The use of formal, validated scales for screening DA is minimal. Training in anxiety management appears to be low and is an area that could be expanded upon. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.; JM Armfield...

A survey of cross-infection control procedures: knowledge and attitudes of Turkish dentists

Yüzbasioglu, Emir; Saraç, Duygu; Canbaz, Sevgi; Saraç, Y. Sinasi; Cengiz, Seda
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Turkish dentists in Samsun City regarding cross-infection control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to obtain information about procedures used for the prevention of cross-infection in dental practices and determine the attitudes and perceptions of respondent dental practitioners to their procedures. The study population included all dentists in the city of Samsun, Turkey, in April 2005 (n=184). The questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and practice of infection control procedures, sterilization, wearing of gloves, mask, use of rubber dam, method of storing instruments and disposal methods of contaminated material, etc. Questionnaire data was entered into a computer and analyzed by SPSS statistical software. RESULTS: From the 184 dentists to whom the questionnaires were submitted, 135 participated in the study (overall response rate of 73.36%). As much as 74.10% dentists expressed concern about the risk of cross-infection from patients to themselves and their dental assistants. Forty-three percent of the participants were able to define "cross-infection" correctly. The greatest majority of the respondents (95.60%) stated that all patients have to be considered as infectious and universal precautions must apply to all of them. The overall responses to the questionnaire showed that the dentists had moderate knowledge of infection control procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Improved compliance with recommended infection control procedures is required for all dentists evaluated in the present survey. Continuing education programs and short-time courses about cross-infection and infection control procedures are suitable to improve the knowledge of dentists.

Exploration of dentists’ characteristics associated with caring for disadvantaged patients using a mixed-methods approach.

Gardner, Suzanne Patricia
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
Disparities in access to dental services have been reported for particular groups of Australians. Consequently, these groups suffer a greater burden of oral disease when compared with the general population. The reasons why dentists do not undertake and/or sustain working with disadvantaged patients are well known but not so well known is what drives those who do. This project aims to better understand the characteristics of dentists whose practice orientation is focused on care for disadvantaged groups. This will supplement existing knowledge of dentists’ career decision making, allow more targeted recruitment of dental applicants, and inform admissions committees and dental educators about how best to prepare students with the skills, attributes and experiences necessary to serve all Australians. The aim of this research project was to explore the characteristics, values, beliefs, and motivations of dentists who work with disadvantaged patients and compare the findings with those who treat mainly general patients. A sequential mixed-method study design was undertaken. Dentists who worked with underserved groups were purposefully recruited using the ‘snowballing’ technique and interviewed. Thematic analysis of the transcripts followed; the findings of which formed the basis of the questionnaire sent to a random sample of registered dentists in Australia. Univariate...

; Study on the training of Brazilian dentists and physicians who treat patients with chronic pain

Bérzin, Maria da Graça Rodrigues; Siqueira, José Tadeu Tesseroli de
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.46%
; Aim: To describe the characteristics of the professional training of dentists and physicians who treat patients with pain. Methods: A sample of 87 dentists and 63 physicians, selected at random and based on a stratified strategy, responded to a questionnaire with questions about training in pain. The statistical analysis of the data was done by the chi-square test and the Student’s t-test at a 5% significance level. Results: The mean age was 45 years. There was no gender prevalence among the dentists and a male predominance among physicians; 80.20% had worked professionally for more than ten years; 81.61% of the dentists and 79.37% of the physicians were specialists. Residence training was reported by 55.56% of the physicians and 12% of the dentists; 48.27% of the dentists and 34.92% of the physicians had a master’s and/or doctorate degree; 69.33% declared sufficient knowledge in pain; both physicians and dentists prioritized their own areas regarding the study of pain. The doctor/patient relationship was more valued by physicians, while the technical training was more valued by dentists. Dentists reported more difficulties in prescribing medications and physicians had more difficulties with the patient’s behavior. Conclusions: Dentists and physicians had different professional experience and had valued specific aspects of their specialty. There is a need for a uniform curriculum designed for training in pain.