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"Hepatite B no Município de Ribeirão Preto (SP): um estudo envolvendo cirurgiões-dentistas e auxiliares odontológicos" ; Hepatitis B on the city of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil: a study envolving dentists and dental assistants

Rodrigues, Vania Cantarella
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
Foi realizada uma pesquisa com cirurgiões-dentistas (CDs) e auxiliares odontológicos (AOs) das redes pública e privada, no município de Ribeirão Preto,SP – Brasil, com os objetivos de: 1. avaliar a cobertura vacinal e a efetividade da vacinação contra a hepatite B; 2. verificar o uso de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs) na rotina de trabalho; 3. verificar a prevalência de marcadores sorológicos do HBV; 4. analisar possíveis associações entre marcadores sorológicos do HBV e alguns fatores de risco de infecção pelo vírus. A pesquisa contou com 338 participantes, de consultórios e clínicas odontológicas – 201 CDs(26 da rede pública e 175 da rede privada) e 137 AOs (23 da rede pública e 114 da rede privada). Foi aplicado um questionário individual para obter informações referentes a características dos participantes, vacinação contra a hepatite B e fatores de risco relacionados à infecção pelo HBV. Simultaneamente, coletou-se uma amostra de 8 ml de sangue para a pesquisa dos seguintes marcadores sorológicos do HBV: HBsAg, anti-HBc e anti-HBs. Todos os exames foram feitos, através de técnicas imunoenzimáticas, no Laboratório de Sorologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto - USP. Estavam vacinados com três doses ou mais da vacina contra a hepatite B 80...

Trabalho em equipe e competência profissional na Estratégia Saúde da Família: a percepção do cirurgião dentista; Team work and Professional competence in the Family Health Strategy: the surgeon dentists perceptions

Pinto, Carolina Carvalho Menez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/10/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
PINTO, C. C. M. Trabalho em equipe e competência profissional na Estratégia Saúde da Família: a percepção do cirurgião dentista. 2008. 121f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Saúde na Comunidade). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto-USP, Ribeirão Preto, 2008. A Saúde Bucal deve ser entendida como parte integrante e inseparável da saúde geral do indivíduo e que está relacionada com as condições de saneamento; alimentação; moradia; trabalho; educação; renda; transporte; lazer; liberdade; e acesso à terra, aos serviços de saúde e à informação (BRASIL, 1993). Um ator nesta história se torna primordial, o cirurgião dentista, responsável por proporcionar padrões adequados de saúde bucal para o conjunto da população de um país, de uma região, ou de uma localidade; procurando formular estratégias e linhas de ação que permitam a construção de uma saúde de base coletiva. Esta investigação tem por objetivo analisar a percepção do cirurgião dentista da equipe de saúde Bucal (ESB) sobre a Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) e a Saúde Bucal; com enfoques no trabalho em equipe e nas suas competências na ESF. Constitui-se em um estudo descritivo exploratório com abordagem qualitativa dos dados. Para a coleta dos dados foi utilizada a entrevista semi-estruturada com os 10 cirurgiões dentistas que trabalham na equipe de saúde bucal da ESF do município de Ribeirão Preto. As entrevistas gravadas e transcritas na íntegra. Para interpretação dos dados nos baseamos na análise de conteúdo preconizada por BARDIN (1977). Com relação aos resultados da caracterização do sujeito...

Adaptação e validação de um instrumento para verificação de fatores associados à adesão às precauções-padrão entre cirurgiões-dentistas que atuam na rede básica de saúde; Adaptation and validation of an instrument for verification of factors associated with the adhesion to Standard Precautions among dentists that work at the public health system

Ribeiro, Patricia Helena Vivan
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
Os acidentes com presença de material biológico são uma realidade na prática odontológica. A utilização de medidas preventivas como a adoção das Precauções Padrão (PP) é essencial. Na vivência profissional na área da saúde, verifica-se certa hesitação dos cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) no que diz respeito à adesão de práticas seguras. Diante desse quadro, surgiu a seguinte indagação: que fatores podem associar-se aos níveis de adesão às PP, a fim de prevenir a exposição desses profissionais a material biológico? Desse modo, este estudo constituiu-se de uma investigação metodológica quantitativa com o objetivo de adaptar e validar um instrumento para verificação de fatores associados à adesão às PP entre CD. O instrumento compôs-se de 49 itens distribuídos em 5 dimensões. O processo de validação do instrumento seguiu as seguintes etapas: adaptação do instrumento para as situações que envolvem riscos aos cirurgiões-dentistas por meio da análise semântica e análise de conteúdo, as quais foram realizadas por um comitê de juízes. O instrumento adaptado foi aplicado entre os meses de maio a dezembro de 2008 para 224 cirurgiões-dentistas que atuavam na Rede Básica de Saúde dos municípios de Apucarana...

Estudo eletromiografico dos musculos deltoide (porção media) e trapezio (porção superior) em dentistas com mais de 50 anos; Electromyography study of deutoid (middle portion) and trapezius (upper portion) muscles in dentists over 50 years

Eduardo Baumgartner Fortinguerra
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
O posicionamento e a postura do cirurgião-dentista no ambiente de trabalho apresentam riscos de dores e desconfortos músculo-esqueléticos na região da cintura escapular. À avaliação da repercussão da postura ocupacional, sobre a atividade muscular pela eletromiografia, tem sido utilizada em estudos ergonômicos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar a atividade elétrica dos músculos Deltóide (porção média) e Trapézio (porção superior) em abdução do braço e em 50% da sua contração máxima voluntária que foi obtida através da utilização de uma célula de carga da marca krattos por meio de eletromiografia de superfície em cirurgiões-dentistas com mais de 50 anos, que ainda estão trabalhando, relacionando esta análise eletromiográfica com os dados coletados de outro grupo que seriam cirurgiões-dentistas que estão trabalhando entre um período de 5 a 10 anos. Participaram das análises eletromiográficas 14 cirurgiões-dentistas com mais de 50 anos sendo 9 homens e 5 mulheres com média de idade entre 54,64 anos e média de tempo de trabalho de 30,78 anos e 14 cirurgiões-dentistas com tempo de trabalho de 5 a 10 anos, sendo 11 homens e 3 mulheres com média de idade de 30,64 anos e média de tempo de trabalho de 6...

Prevalence of smoking among dentists in the Federal District of Brasília, Brazil; Prevalência do tabagismo entre dentistas do Distrito Federal

Rodrigues, Gerlídia Araújo; Galvão, Virgílio; Viegas, Carlos Alberto de Assis
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência do tabagismo entre os odontólogos do Distrito Federal. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal descritivo do tipo inquérito, no segundo semestre de 2004, com 446 dentistas residentes no Distrito Federal. As informações sobre o hábito tabágico foram obtidas utilizando-se o questionário da Organização Mundial de Saúde validado e adaptado no Brasil pelo Instituto Nacional de Câncer. Foi considerado fumante regular o indivíduo que fumasse no mínimo um cigarro/dia há pelo menos seis meses antes do estudo. A apresentação dos resultados foi realizada a partir de tabelas e gráficos de distribuição de freqüências, que foi analisada pela estatística descritiva com médias e desvio padrão e cálculo da razão de prevalência. A comparação entre as variáveis distintas foi feita utilizando-se o teste qui-quadrado e foram consideradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas sempre que p < 0,05. Resultados: Declararam-se fumantes 37% dos dentistas, ou seja, 42% dos homens e 31% das mulheres. Conclusões: A prevalência de fumantes entre os dentistas no Distrito Federal está acima da média nacional para a população adulta, que é cerca de 32%. Houve predomínio do sexo masculino entre os dentistas fumantes...

Seropositivity for hepatitis B virus, vaccination coverage, and vaccine response in dentists from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Batista,Sonia MF; Andreasi,Márcia SA; Borges,Ana MT; Lindenberg,Andréa SC; Silva,Anísio L; Fernandes,Thiago D; Pereira,Edy F; Basmage,Eline AM; Cardoso,Divina DP
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
This study investigated the seropositivity for hepatitis B virus (HBV), the vaccination index, and the vaccine response index in dentists from Campo Grande, MS. Blood samples from 474 dentists (63.7% women and 36.3% men), with a mean age of 38.5 ± 10.5 years were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the serological markers: HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc. The HBsAg positive samples were tested for anti-HBc IgM, HBeAg, and anti-HBe. A total of 51 (10.8%) dentists showed seropositivity for HBV. Three (0.6%) were HBsAg/anti-HBc/anti-HBe positive, 43 (9.1%) were anti-HBc/anti-HBs positive, and 5 (1.1%) had only anti-HBc. Viral DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction in 9 (17.6%) out of 51 HBV seropositive samples. A vaccination index of 96.6% (458/474) was observed, although 73.1% (335/458)completed the three-dose schedule. Excluding 46 HBV seropositive individuals from 458 that reported vaccination, 412 were analyzed for vaccine response index. It was observed that 74.5% (307/412) were anti-HBs positive; this percentage increased to 79.1% when three doses were administered. The results showed a high vaccination index and a good rate of vaccine response; however, the failure in completing the three-dose schedule and the occurrence of HBV infection reinforce the need for more effective prevention strategies.

Child-management techniques. Are there differences in the way female and male pediatric dentists in Israel practice?

Peretz,Benjamin; Glaicher,Hagit; Ram,Diana
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
The purpose of this study was to assess differences in the management techniques used by Israeli female and male pediatric dentists. All 112 participants of the meeting of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children that was held in February 1999 received a questionnaire which sought information regarding age, sex, behavioral and pharmacological methods used to treat children, having a course in nitrous oxide, general anesthesia, and feelings towards pediatric patients. No differences between female and male dentists were found regarding most management techniques. The majority of dentists used tell-show-do, and gave presents at the end of the appointments. Hypnosis was the least used technique. Papoose board was more prevalent among male dentists than among female dentists. Most dentists reported having the parents present during treatment, and more male dentists used their assistance when restraint was needed. General anesthesia was significantly more prevalent among males than among females (p = 0.01). One-third of the dentists reported feeling aggression toward the pediatric patient. Although not statistically significant, more female dentists reported about feeling aggression than male dentists. Most dentists felt authority towards the pediatric patient. Our findings imply that female and male dentists use similar management techniques when treating children.

Serological markers and risk factors related to hepatitis B virus in dentists in the Central West region of Brazil

Paiva,Enilza Maria Mendonça de; Tiplle,Anaclara Ferreira Veiga; Silva,Eliane de Paiva e; Cardoso,Divina das Dores de Paula
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been considered the major occupational risk agent for dentists. The Central West region of Brazil is considered an intermediate endemic pattern area, but currently there is no information about the HBV prevalence in dentists of Goiânia, Goiás. This study aimed at the detection of the HBV infection rate and risk factors for dentists of Goiânia and the comparison of the obtained data with the general population and other groups. A randomized sample of 680 professionals participated in this study. All dentists gave written consent for the procedure and filled out a questionnaire about risk factors. The HBV serological markers were analyzed using ELISA test and the presence of anti-HBc was observed in 41 (6.0%) of the dentists. None of them was HBsAg positive. Significant relationships with HBV positivity were observed with gender, the time working as a dentist and the use of incomplete personal protective equipment (PPE). The HBV prevalence found in this group of dentists was lower than the endemic pattern of the general population, other health care workers of the region and the dentists from other regions in Brazil. These results may indicate a positive impact of vaccination considering the high adherence of the dentists to the immunization program (98.4%). Finally...

A survey of cross-infection control procedures: knowledge and attitudes of Turkish dentists

Yüzbasioglu,Emir; Saraç,Duygu; Canbaz,Sevgi; Saraç,Y. Sinasi; Cengiz,Seda
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Turkish dentists in Samsun City regarding cross-infection control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to obtain information about procedures used for the prevention of cross-infection in dental practices and determine the attitudes and perceptions of respondent dental practitioners to their procedures. The study population included all dentists in the city of Samsun, Turkey, in April 2005 (n=184). The questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and practice of infection control procedures, sterilization, wearing of gloves, mask, use of rubber dam, method of storing instruments and disposal methods of contaminated material, etc. Questionnaire data was entered into a computer and analyzed by SPSS statistical software. RESULTS: From the 184 dentists to whom the questionnaires were submitted, 135 participated in the study (overall response rate of 73.36%). As much as 74.10% dentists expressed concern about the risk of cross-infection from patients to themselves and their dental assistants. Forty-three percent of the participants were able to define "cross-infection" correctly. The greatest majority of the respondents (95.60%) stated that all patients have to be considered as infectious and universal precautions must apply to all of them. The overall responses to the questionnaire showed that the dentists had moderate knowledge of infection control procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Improved compliance with recommended infection control procedures is required for all dentists evaluated in the present survey. Continuing education programs and short-time courses about cross-infection and infection control procedures are suitable to improve the knowledge of dentists.

Knowledge and behavior of dentists in a dental school regarding toothbrush disinfection

PEKER,Ilkay; AKARSLAN,Zuhre; BASMAN,Adil; HACIOSMANOGLU,Nur
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.28%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and behavior of dentists regarding toothbrush disinfection. This study included 147 dentists (88 women and 59 men) who were actively employed at a dental school in Ankara, Turkey. Participants were asked to fill out a standard questionnaire, which contained questions regarding their demographics, brushing habits, toothbrush storage and disinfection habits, toothpaste use, knowledge about toothbrush disinfection, and whether they advised their patients about toothbrush storage. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and statistical analyses were performed with t-tests, chi-squared tests, and Fisher exact tests, where appropriate. Among the 147 surveyed dentists, 62.6% and 85.7% reported that they did not have any knowledge about toothbrush disinfection and did not disinfect their toothbrushes, respectively. However, approximately two thirds of surveyed dentists thought that toothbrush disinfection should be performed by everyone, including healthy individuals. Significant associations were found between knowledge about toothbrush disinfection and the professional title of dentists, how they stored their toothbrushes, and whether their toothbrushes were in contact with each other during storage (p < 0.05). A minority of dentists reported that they disinfected their toothbrushes.

Professional profile of dentists who are members of the Family Health Strategy city of Marília, São Paulo: the challenge of interprofessional work

Padula,Mirella Gonçalves Caldeira; Aguilar-da-Silva,Rinaldo Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
INTRODUCTION: The inclusion of oral health professionals within the Family Health Strategy was legislated in December, 2000, by the Ministery of Health. These professionals are included in a new context which challenges the traditional education of fragmented knowledge and presents the challenge of interprofessional work. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile and the interprofessional practice of dentists working in the FHS in the city of Marília, São Paulo. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In 2012, a structured questionnaire and an adaptation of the Readiness Interprofissional Learning Scale (RIPLS), given to 34 dentists working in the FHS in the city of Marília, São Paulo, were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance with SNK multiple comparisons post-test, at a significance level of p < 0.05, were used for data analysis. RESULT: The dentists are in the 31 to 40 year age range (70.6%), are mostly women (82.4%) and 79.41% hold a specialization in Public and Family Health. Comparisons of the differences of the mean scores of the responses among professionals, with and without graduate study in this area, were statistically significant in the statements regarding the amount of human resources and interprofessional work. CONCLUSION: Graduate study in Public and Family Health provides dentists with background on the integration of teamwork...

Opinions of dentists and directors of nursing concerning dental care provision for Adelaide nursing homes

Chalmers, J.; Hodge, C.; Fuss, J.; Spencer, A.; Carter, K.; Mathew, R.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Background: The complex oral health problems of nursing home residents have been well documented. However, the influences on residents’ oral health status, including opinions and experiences of dental professionals and nursing home staff, have not yet been adequately investigated. Methods: The baseline questionnaire component of this longitudinal study was mailed to all registered dentists practising in Adelaide and Adelaide nursing home directors of nursing (DONs). Results: 413 dentists and 97 DONs indicated that Adelaide dentists’ interest and training in nursing home dentistry was low. Dental service provision for nursing home residents was very low and dentists preferred to provide treatment at their dental practices. Few dental hygienists were working in nursing homes and dental professionals provided little educational assistance for nursing home staff. Dentists and DONs held several common and many varying perceptions of the problems associated with dental care provision in nursing homes. Both identified a group of nursing home environmental constraints and a lack of portable dental equipment. DONs further identified a group of resident related problems, and dentists a group of dental practicerelated problems. Conclusions: These study results provide important information concerning problems with nursing home dentistry for dental service providers...

The role of occupational stress in the maladaptive use of alcohol by dentists: A study of South Australian general dental practitioners

Winwood, P.; Winefield, A.; Lushington, K.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Background: It is well recognized that dentistry is a stressful profession. However, there are conflicting views about the extent to which such stress contributes to hazardous drinking among dentists. In addition, the relative contributions of stress and pre-existing vulnerability in predicting alcohol problems among dentists generally (and Australian dentists in particular) have yet to be determined. Methods: The levels of stress and alcohol consumption of 312 South Australian dentists were measured. Factors known to mediate vulnerability to alcohol disorders were also assessed with appropriate psychometric instruments. Results: High levels of stress/burnout, consistent with other studies of dentists' stress, were recorded. Hazardous levels of alcohol consumption, which were between two and four times higher than the normative South Australian population, were also reported, particularly among males and rural dentists. Conclusions: To a significant extent, stress and hazardous alcohol consumption are both present among South Australian dentists. However, compared with work stress/burnout, existing personal vulnerability factors are much stronger predictors of such hazardous alcohol consumption. We suggest that professional dental bodies...

Do Clinical Experience Time and Postgraduate Training Influence the Choice of Materials for Posterior Restorations? Results of a Survey with Brazilian General Dentists

Nascimento,Gustavo Giacomelli; Correa,Marcos Britto; Opdam,Niek; Demarco,Flavio Fernando
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
The aims of this study were to evaluate the materials available for posterior restorations and to assess whether clinical experience time and post-graduate training influence dentists' choices. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire with closed questions applied to dentists (n=276) of a mid-sized city of the southern Brazil. Information was collected regarding sociodemographic variables, level of specialization, time since graduation and working place. In addition, options regarding posterior restorations including the first choice of material, type of composite resin (if used) and use of rubber dam were also collected data. Data were submitted to descriptive analysis and the associations were evaluated using chi-square and Fisher's exact tests (α=0.05). The response rate was 68% (187). Direct composite resin was broadly indicated (73.2%) as the first-choice for posterior restorations. Most professionals used microhybrid composite (74.5%) and 42.6% of the participants used rubber dam for placement of posterior composite restorations. Dentists with more time of clinical practice used less composite (p=0.014). Specialists used more frequently rubber dam to restore posterior teeth than did non-specialists (p=0.006). The results of this survey revealed that direct composite was the first choice of dentists for posterior restorations; microhybrid was the preferred type of composite and the use of rubber dam for composite resin placement in posterior teeth was not frequent; time since graduation and level of specialization affected dentists' choices.

A survey of cross-infection control procedures: knowledge and attitudes of Turkish dentists

Yüzbasioglu, Emir; Saraç, Duygu; Canbaz, Sevgi; Saraç, Y. Sinasi; Cengiz, Seda
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Turkish dentists in Samsun City regarding cross-infection control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to obtain information about procedures used for the prevention of cross-infection in dental practices and determine the attitudes and perceptions of respondent dental practitioners to their procedures. The study population included all dentists in the city of Samsun, Turkey, in April 2005 (n=184). The questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and practice of infection control procedures, sterilization, wearing of gloves, mask, use of rubber dam, method of storing instruments and disposal methods of contaminated material, etc. Questionnaire data was entered into a computer and analyzed by SPSS statistical software. RESULTS: From the 184 dentists to whom the questionnaires were submitted, 135 participated in the study (overall response rate of 73.36%). As much as 74.10% dentists expressed concern about the risk of cross-infection from patients to themselves and their dental assistants. Forty-three percent of the participants were able to define "cross-infection" correctly. The greatest majority of the respondents (95.60%) stated that all patients have to be considered as infectious and universal precautions must apply to all of them. The overall responses to the questionnaire showed that the dentists had moderate knowledge of infection control procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Improved compliance with recommended infection control procedures is required for all dentists evaluated in the present survey. Continuing education programs and short-time courses about cross-infection and infection control procedures are suitable to improve the knowledge of dentists.

Análise do perfil profissional de cirurgiões-dentistas graduados na Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru- USP entre os anos de 1996 e 2000; Professional profile analysis of dentists graduated at Bauru dental School - University of São Paulo between 1996 and 2000

Bastos, José Roberto de Magalhães; Aquilante, Aline Guerra; Almeida, Beatriz Simões de; Lauris, José Roberto Pereira; Bijella, Vitoriano Truvijo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
Os objetivos do presente estudo foram determinar o perfil profissional dos 248 cirurgiões-dentistas graduados na Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru - USP entre 1996 e 2000, constatar se há a adoção de medidas educativo-preventivas de caráter coletivo por parte destes profissionais e determinar o grau de satisfação profissional, através de um questionário contendo questões abertas e de múltipla escolha. O índice de retorno foi de 39,5%. A análise dos resultados revelou que os cirurgiões-dentistas eram predominantemente do gênero masculino, escolheram a Odontologia como profissão por afinidade e consideraram bom o curso de Graduação. Os resultados demonstraram que os profissionais ainda não despertaram para a importância da educação e da prevenção, principalmente em nível coletivo. Concluiu-se que o perfil predominante do profissional é aquele que trabalha no consultório particular próprio (38,8%) ou por porcentagem (25,5%), sendo que 26,5% atende em algum Convênio ou Cooperativa e apenas 12,2% trabalham na rede pública. Embora 63,3% tenham afirmado que se sentem realizados profissionalmente, apenas 12,2% estão financeiramente realizados. Uma das maiores dificuldades enfrentadas pelos cirurgiões-dentistas é a alta competitividade e saturação do mercado de trabalho.; The aims of this study were to determine the professional profile of the 248 dentists graduated at Bauru Dental School - University of Sao Paulo between 1996 and 2000...

Vacinação contra a hepatite B entre cirurgiões dentistas; Hepatitis B vaccination among dentists

Martins, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima; Barreto, Sandhi Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
OBJETIVO: Inquéritos sorológicos realizados em diversos países mostraram uma maior prevalência da infecção pelo vírus da hepatite B (VHB) em dentistas, especialmente entre os cirurgiões, do que na população geral. O estudo realizado objetivou determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados à vacinação contra hepatite B (HB) entre os dentistas e investigar as principais razões alegadas para a não vacinação e vacinação incompleta. MÉTODOS: Foi conduzido um inquérito entre 299 cirurgiões dentistas residentes em Montes Claros, MG, por meio de questionário auto-aplicável. Foi determinada a prevalência de vacinação segundo o número de doses e os fatores associados à não vacinação e à vacinação incompleta através de regressão logística multinomial. RESULTADOS: Dos 299 questionários distribuídos, 296 (99%) foram respondidos. Destes, 74,9% tomaram três doses; 14%, duas doses; 2%, uma dose e 10% não foram vacinados. A vacinação completa foi maior entre os que relataram fazer exclusivamente cirurgia e/ou periodontia (89%). A principal razão alegada para a não vacinação ou vacinação incompleta foi a necessitade de maiores informações. A não vacinação foi mais freqüente entre aqueles com mais de 40 anos (OR=8...

Nível de informação e conduta farmaco-terapêutica dos odontólogos, 1990; Nivel de información y conducta farmacoterapéutica de los odontólogos, 1990; Levels of information and pharmaco-therapeutical behavior of dentists, 1990

Battellino, Luis Jose; Bennun, Fernando Ruben
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/1993 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Results of an investigation carried out into a population of 285 dentists in Cordoba City (Cordoba, Argentine) with a view to evaluating their pharmacological knowledge, prescriptive behaviour and proposals for the improvement of drug usage, are described. This study showed that 58.3% of the dentists surveyed get most of their pharmacological and therapeutic information through published material issued by pharmacochemical labs. At the same time, about one-third of the individuals surveyed either did not answer or gave incorrect answers to questions related to the pharmacotherapeutic effects the antimicrobial or anti-inflammatory analgesics of their preference. Although 63.5% of the dentists said that they had taken the essential drug model reference list issued by the social security system into account, many of the drugs selected as preferences were not to be found on it. Regarding anti-microbial or anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs, the brands most frequently prescribed were the more expensive ones, strongh 66.5% of the dentists surveyed stated the contrary. Finally, this investigation revealed that five manufacturers together held a concentration of the anti-microbial and antiinflammatory analgesics prescribed by 83.7% and 82.4% of the dentists consulted respectively.; Descrevem-se os resultados de pesquisa destinada a avaliar conhecimentos farmacológicos...

Validation of an instrument to assess factors associated with adherence to standard precautions among dentists in primary healthcare

Ribeiro,Patrícia H.V; Gir,Elucir; Santos,Claudia B; Ribeiro,Renata P; Hayashida,Miyeko; Malaguti-Toffano,Silmara E; da Silva,Adriana M
Fonte: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana Publicador: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Accidents with biological material are a reality in dental practice. The use of preventive measures such as the adoption of Standard Precautions (SP) is essential, thus this study aims to validate an instrument to check factors associated with adherence to SP among dentists. The scales of psychosocial and organizational factors that influence adherence to SP were the starting point. These scales have already been nationally validated for doctors and nurses. The instrument consisted of 49 items divided into five dimensions. The process of instrument validation involved the following steps: its adaptation for situations that pose risks to dentists; content and semantic analysis by a committee of judges, and application to dentists. The adapted instrument was applied to 224 dentists who provided primary healthcare in the north region of Parana State. After the application of scales, the psychometric properties were analyzed using the factor analysis technique and a reliability test. The factor analysis confirmed three domains: Obstacles to following standard precautions; Knowledge of occupational transmission of HIV and Safety climate. The reliability of the domains was considered adequate (Cronbach’s alpha between 0.73 and 0.88.). The instrument demonstrated adequate psychometric properties to assess factors that influence adherence to SP among dentists.

Self-reported musculoskeletal pain among dentists in South Africa: A 12-month prevalence study

Botha,PJ; Chikte,U; Barrie,R; Esterhuizen,TM
Fonte: SciELO África do Sul Publicador: SciELO África do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em // EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal trouble (ache, pain, discomfort) originating in the neck, shoulder, and back is a common occupational hazard among dental professionals worldwide. The significance of this problem justified research into the prevalence of these symptoms among dentists in South Africa for which there is currently no information. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the one-year prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal trouble in the neck, shoulder, and lower back areas among dentists in South Africa. METHODS: A survey questionnaire was forwarded to all members of the South African Dental Association whose email addresses were recorded on the Association data base. The email survey was performed using the previously validated Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaires. RESULTS: This cross sectional study revealed a self-reported 12-month prevalence of musculoskeletal trouble (ache, pain, discomfort) among dentists in South Africa of 77,9% involving the neck, 69,8% the lower back, and 72,4% the shoulders. Multiple regression analysis showed that a decrease in height among the respondents was associated with an increase in neck trouble (0.962 [CI 0.938; 0.992]). CONCLUSIONS: The 12-month prevalences for musculoskeletal trouble (ache...