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Social Assistance in the New EU Member States : Strengthening Performance and Labor Market Incentives

Ringold, Dena; Kasek, Leszek
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.84%
This report looks at safety nets in the new member states from the perspective of fiscal impact and effectiveness. Given the limited budgets for social assistance, ensuring that resources are spent well, reach those who need them, and optimize welfare gains and labor market outcomes. This also requires attention to the balance between spending on means-tested antipoverty programs and family benefits and social insurance programs. Because of high levels of pension spending and rapidly aging populations, there is a risk that contributory social insurance spending will crowd out spending on social assistance. Managing the long-term fiscal sustainability of these programs to meet emerging needs is a priority. This paper looks at social assistance within the broader context of social protection. The main focus of the policy discussion is on the guaranteed minimum income programs, which comprise the centerpiece of the social assistance systems in each of the EU8 countries. Child allowances are also discussed...

Peru : Towards a System of Social Accountability

Felicio, Mariana; John-Abraham, Indu
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.86%
The transition government initiated three important national processes: (i) multi-stakeholder roundtables or mesas de concertacion to support the Fight against Poverty, (ii) formulation of national development goals, and (iii) decentralization. The note discusses the actions that Peru has taken for a system of social accountability; looks at lessons learned in implementing the programmatic loan and future challenges.

Decreasing Social Inequities through Decentralization : Morocco Social Priorities 1-Health Project

Kuehnast, Kathleen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.84%
The Morocco Social Priorities Program incorporates three complementary projects, one of which is the Basic Health Project. These projects are being implemented simultaneously in the 14 poorest provinces, in which 27 percent of the total population and 43 percent of the rural population live. The overall objectives of the Social Priorities Project are to assist the government to implement its strategy to increase access of the poor to basic social services, enhance social protection, and create new opportunities for the poor to participate in economically productive activities. Social Development best practices were recognized as: the multi-dimensional approach to poverty reduction aimed at enhancing opportunities, capabilities, empowerment, and security of the poor; Participatory processes in implementation; organizational and institutional decentralization; and ongoing monitoring and evaluation of social development outcomes by the government and community.

Hungary : Long-term Poverty, Social Protection, and the Labor Market, Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
This report documents the emergence of a group of long-term poor in Hungary. While growth will continue to be necessary to create well-paying jobs that would enable people to escape poverty, the long term poor are not likely to benefit from growth since they are detached from the labor market, socially excluded, and in many cases, facing discrimination which keeps them from reintegrating into the labor market. The long-term poor in Hungary are comprised of several distinct social groups: the homeless, rural population particularly those living in micro-communities, unemployed or withdrawn from the labor market, households with more than three children, single parent families, single elderly females, and the Roma. A third of the long-term poor are of Roma ethnicity, even though this group is only approximately 5 percent of the Hungarian population. The analysis of the labor market confirms the connection between long-term unemployment and long-term poverty. One of the messages of this report is that the Roma need good-paying jobs first and foremost. Many Roma villages are characterized by a cycle of dependency on state transfers. Reinsertion programs are needed to break this cycle. In the medium term...

Decentralization of Health Care in Brazil : A Case Study of Bahia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.71%
This report is a case study analyzing key issues--coverage, equity, sustainability--faced by the Brazilian health system in the state of Bahia, in the context of national reforms geared to the decentralization of health care. Thus, the report examines the instruments and the incentives in the system to: 1) improve the coverage of the key health interventions that influence the basic health outcomes of the population; 2) reduce the inequality in the distribution of publicly financed health care; and 3)) improve the fianncial sustainability of the health sector through greater efficiency and through improved mechanisms for cost control. Special attention is paid to implementation in Bahia of the latest and most ambitious of the national reforms based on those objectives: the Operational Regulations for Health Care, issued in early 2001 and referred to in this report by its Brazilian acronym, NOAS. NOAS is expected to have a significant impact on the organization of public health care over the next several years. Its main features are described in the Introduction. The structure of the report is as follows: the report has four chapters dealing...

Multi-Tier Targeting of Social Assistance : The Role of Intergovernmental Transfers

Alderman, Harold
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.89%
Albania provides a small amount of social assistance to nearly 20 percent of its population through a system that allows some community discretion in determining distribution. This study investigates how well this social assistance program is targeted to the poor. Relative to other safety net programs in low-income countries, social assistance in Albania is fairly well targeted. Nevertheless, the system is hampered by the absence of a clear, objective criterion to determine the size of the grants from the central government to communes as well as limited information that could be used to implement this criterion. Substantial gains in targeting could be achieved if the central government better allocated transfers to local governments, even holding local targeting at base levels.

Strengthening Governance of Social Safety Nets in ASEAN

Giannozzi, Sara; Khan, Asmeen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
Several Association of Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) member states, in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, are expanding their social safety net programs. In many cases, existing delivery mechanisms for social assistance in the region tend to be basic, in line with the small size of programs. This paper is an analytical framework to systematically consider and include governance aspects in the design and analysis of modern social assistance programs. The underlying conceptual model is simple. Programs face a set of supply-side challenges that have to do with their institutional structure and the ways in which accountability and incentive relationships are shaped. However, both in the region and elsewhere in the world there are a number of experiences with diverse governance tools that countries can draw upon as they think how best to design and implement more sophisticated and comprehensive social safety net programs. Finally, administrative capacity is likely to represent a constraint as governments seek to deliver increasingly complex programs to a growing number of beneficiaries over a wide geographically dispersed area. While large investments in administrative capacity are unlikely...

History and Evolution of Social Assistance in Indonesia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
Over the past 13 years, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) has moved from a set of temporary, crisis-driven social assistance initiatives towards a more permanent system of social assistance programs. This background paper aims to provide a brief history of the major developments in the GOI's household-targeted social assistance policy and programs with more limited discussion of supply-side and community social assistance initiatives. The note is organized chronologically with developments in social assistance presented together with information about the economic, political and social contexts in which these developments occurred. Indonesia's economic growth was also associated with substantial declines in the poverty, especially among rural households. The poverty headcount fell from 54.2 million to 34.5 million Indonesians and poverty incidence fell from 41.1 to 17.7 percent. While poverty reduction was not a policy objective in GOI documents until the early 1990s, the GOI's agricultural and rural development strategies and commitment to human capital investment through financing and provision of education and health services also contributed to poverty reduction. Furthermore...

Thailand - Social and Structural Review : Beyond the Crisis - Structural Reform for Stable Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
Following the East Asian financial crisis, the Bank's involvement in Thailand intensified, enabling a multifaceted stabilization, and structural reform dialogue, which deepened the economic, financial, and sector knowledge of the country. The study benefits from this analytical work, and provides an overview on the ongoing policy dialogue, regarding short- and medium-term reform, through a number of instruments. To promote longer-term growth, the country embarked on a twin strategy of macroeconomic stabilization, and structural reform. Although its flexible labor market, and support mechanisms diminished the crisis' impact on unemployment, and poverty, compared to other countries in the region, this ability to moderate the impact of the economic crisis, could adversely impact a prolonged crisis. The study examines steps to strengthen public sector social programs, and institutional capacity, envisaging coherent poverty support programs in a timely manner, while speeding fiscal stimulus effects, and, monitoring poverty through reliable information...

Decentralized Service Delivery for the Poor; Mexico - Descentralizacion y entrega de servicios para los pobres

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
This report on the decentralized service delivery for the poor is structured in two volumes. Volume one is a cross-sectoral report, the core report. The first part includes the program and performance overview which describes the programs (including their poverty goals) and their process of decentralization, the overview of expenditures, the access of the poor to these services, and the evidence on the quality of services. The second part of the core report is on the institutional dimensions of decentralized service delivery which includes the World Development Report (WDR) 2004-type framework of accountability, adapted to the situation in Mexico. Volume two contains the sectoral pieces. For this report-the third phase of a programmatic series of studies on poverty in Mexico-Mexico's social cabinet requested that the Bank analyze service delivery of a specific list of programs that are essential to the government's development strategy in the context of decentralization. The elements of the government's strategy considered here-basic education, health care for the population without social security coverage, local social infrastructure, and local rural development-all aim directly or indirectly to reduce poverty. Both social and economic services shape the opportunities of poor people. Social services contribute to human capital formation and risk management...

Ethiopia Public Expenditure Review : The Emerging Challenge, Volume 1. Public Spending in the Social Sectors 2000-2020

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.73%
This Public Expenditure Review (PER) features the expenditure requirements confronting the government which are enormous; and, the expenditure requirements confronting Ethiopia which are compounded by rapid population growth. The expenditure consequences are significant, because social programs are intensive in their demands on recurrent resources, so the expansions being committed to today, could overwhelm budget obligations in 20 years time, crowding out the capacity to fund other investments for growth. Furthermore, because of the very limited capacity to finance these needs domestically, they will heavily influence foreign aid requirements over the next two decades. Finally, because the cost of these programs fall primarily on the regional and local governments, they imply the need for a major increase in the share of resources transferred to lower level governments. The object of this PER is to put the numbers on the table to inform this debate. Current spending on education, health, population, food security transfers...

Colombia : Reforming the Social Safety Net; Colombia : reforma de la red de proteccion social

Rawlings, Laura B.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Historically, Colombia's "safety nets" were economic growth and a now unsustainable expansion of social services, notably in health, education, and pensions. Social assistance (SA) was not included in the dramatic social sector reforms of the 1990s, implying that the social safety net did not benefit from increased spending, decentralization and the strategic prioritization afforded to other social sector areas. SA remains under-financed compared to national demands and international norms (Box 1). Furthermore, the SA programs that could have provided a safety net during the crisis were hampered by structural constraints, including poor poverty targeting in certain programs, institutional inflexibility, and unfocused mandates. The Government of Colombia asked the World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to help craft Colombia's social safety net was reviewed and a number of steps taken, including: (i) rapid crafting of a short-term emergency safety net investment program called the Social Support Network (Red de Apoyo Social...

Colombia : Social Safety Net Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
The recent economic shock provided an incentive for carrying out the analysis of Colombia's safety net of national social assistance. Even though economic growth recovered modestly in 2000, poverty and unemployment remain high, and there has been a decline in some human development indicators. This is partly due to Colombia not having an effective safety net in place, capable to address the social consequences of the crisis. These deficiencies led to the introduction in 2000 of the Red de Apoyo Social (RAS), i.e., Social Support Network. This assessment identifies issues, and recommends options for reform of the social safety net. The country is undergoing an unprecedented economic contraction, and severe fiscal imbalance that will require major reforms, notably to the pension program, before achieving macroeconomic stabilization. Therefore, the report takes into account the complex, and changing socioeconomic conditions, exacerbated by the protracted internal conflict. Such situation calls for supporting institutional viability...

Costa Rica : Social Spending and the Poor, Volume 2. Social Sector Performance in the 90's - Facing the Challenges; El gasto social y la pobreza

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
The report reviews the substantial progress Costa Rica made over the past decade in reducing poverty and improving social indicators. However, while economic growth certainly reduced poverty rates, the country's recent experience shows that relying on economic growth and increased public spending alone will not necessarily yield sufficient reductions in poverty. Moreover, the rising concern that fiscal pressure will limit possibilities of increasing social spending suggests further efficiency in the sector. Even though coverage of education and health remains almost universal in basic education, and so is access to healthcare services, worrying signs in social sector indicators suggest a decline in the efficiency of social spending. The report addresses three key issues, namely, a) Who are the poor and vulnerable groups in Costa Rica? b) What has been the impact of social spending on programs that aim to improve the welfare of the poor? and c) Which are the improvements required, and how can government spending be used more effectively to reach the poor and reduce poverty? In response to these questions...

Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development in Africa : Selected Proceedings, Johannesburg, 25-29 September 2000

Development Bank of Southern Africa; African Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Johannesburg Publicador: Johannesburg
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.69%
The importance of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) function within public administration has been magnified by the growing voice of civil society, which has brought the issues of good governance and more effective public administration to the fore. The global trend towards more accountable, responsive and efficient government has bolstered the appeal for M&E capacity development, which has been the central focus of efforts to improve governance in the context of a comprehensive development framework. Evaluation has become increasingly important in Africa owing to stagnant, and negative economic growth rates, together with concerns related to governance, and doubts about the efficacy of development assistance. These are selected proceedings from the seminar and workshop on "Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development for Africa" as a follow-up to the regional seminar, to foster networking among M&E practitioners, and to share knowledge on M&E in the context of improved governance, accountability, and effective development delivery...

Social Protection for a Changing India : Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
India's surge in growth and rapid expansion in public spending in the past decade has created new possibilities for its social protection system. The growing importance of social protection (SP) is reflected in the Government of India (GoI) common minimum program and eleventh five year plan which commit to institutionalization of programs as legal rights (as in the case of public works, through the national rural employment guarantee act), continued up-scaling of interventions (e.g., social pensions and midday meals), and proposals to expand new types of SP interventions to the large unorganized sector (e.g., social security). The report draws on existing and new data sources,. including analysis of: (i) administrative data; (ii) several rounds of the National Sample Survey (NSS) data; (iii) a social protection survey (SPS) undertaken for this report in 2006 in rural areas of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka; (iv) dedicated surveys on social pensions in Karnataka (KSPS) and Rajasthan (RSPS) in 2005 and 2006 respectively; and (v) a living standards survey conducted in Jharkhand in 2005 (JLSS). In addition...

Social Protection for a Changing India : Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
India's surge in growth and rapid expansion in public spending in the past decade has created new possibilities for its social protection system. The growing importance of social protection (SP) is reflected in the Government of India (GoI) common minimum program and eleventh five year plan which commit to institutionalization of programs as legal rights (as in the case of public works, through the national rural employment guarantee act), continued up-scaling of interventions (e.g., social pensions and midday meals), and proposals to expand new types of SP interventions to the large unorganized sector (e.g., social security). The report draws on existing and new data sources,. including analysis of: (i) administrative data; (ii) several rounds of the National Sample Survey (NSS) data; (iii) a social protection survey (SPS) undertaken for this report in 2006 in rural areas of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka; (iv) dedicated surveys on social pensions in Karnataka (KSPS) and Rajasthan (RSPS) in 2005 and 2006 respectively; and (v) a living standards survey conducted in Jharkhand in 2005 (JLSS). In addition...

Evaluating Social Funds : A Cross-Country Analysis of Community Investments

Rawlings, Laura B.; Sherburne-Benz, Lynne; van Domelen, Julie
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.75%
The study seeks to answer four questions that summarize the fundamental issues in the international debate about the capacity of social funds to improve beneficiaries' living conditions: o Do social funds reach poor areas and poor households? Do social funds deliver high-quality, sustainable investments? Do social funds affect living standards? How cost-efficient are social funds and the investments they finance, compared with other delivery mechanisms? The findings and lessons from this research reflect a specific moment in the evolution of six social funds and therefore may not fully predict the future impact of current investments. The evaluation assesses subprojects identified and implemented between 1993 and 1999, a period when longer-term objectives-such as increasing access to and utilization of basic services-began to supplant the funds' original emergency mandates. The time period selected allowed enough elapsed time following the implementation of the social fund subprojects to make measurement of impact and sustainability possible. The evaluation does not consider the effects of social fund projects on employment or on income generation-the original objectives of the first generation of social funds...

Poland - Public Expenditure Review : Analysis of Social Sectors and Public Wages

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.75%
This report looks at public spending on pensions, education, health, social assistance, labor market programs, and public wages. Presenting the findings of a series of studies and notes compiled sice April 2009, it highlights how reforming such spending, which comprises about one quarter of gross domestic product (GDP), is essential for mitigating the impact of the economic crisis and for transforming Poland from a welfare state to a workfare society in line with Government's Vision 2030. The report has two main messages. First, Poland can take measures to reduce public expenditures on social sectors and public wages by around 2.3 percentage points over the next three years. Second, beyond supporting the fiscal adjustment required in the context of the economic crisis, public expenditure reforms can also help bring about structural changes envisioned as part of the Government's strategy for 2030. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Poland's social sector and public wage polices and lays out options for reform. The summary report has five parts. The first part lays out the macroeconomic context. It emphasizes that Poland has weathered the global economic crisis remarkably well but that the recovery is likely to be feeble and subject to uncertainty. The next part discusses the fiscal fallout of the crisis and argues that public expenditure reform should be a crucial pillar for fiscal consolidation. Sections three to five contain the main findings of the report. Section three presents a list of important reforms of public expenditures on social sectors and wages in support of Vision 2030. Section four simulates the fiscal impact of public expenditure reforms...

Programa Bolsa Fam??lia: descentraliza????o, centraliza????o ou gest??o em redes?

Cavalcante, Pedro Luiz
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Administra????o P??blica (ENAP); Revista do Servi??o P??blico (RSP) Publicador: Escola Nacional de Administra????o P??blica (ENAP); Revista do Servi??o P??blico (RSP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
IDIOMA::PORTUGU??S:PORTUGU??S:PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.85%
O artigo analisa o processo de implementa????o e o modelo de gest??o do Programa Bolsa Fam??lia (PBF), no cerne do debate de centraliza????o-descentraliza????o. A hip??tese do estudo ?? que o PBF n??o apenas caminhou para o fortalecimento da descentraliza????o, superando alguns desafios da consolida????o do ???pacto federativo???, como tamb??m construiu uma configura????o mais complexa, pr??xima ?? gest??o em redes. Para tanto, ?? apresentada uma discuss??o te??rica acerca do federalismo, da descentraliza????o das pol??ticas sociais e do conceito de redes de pol??ticas p??blicas. Em seguida, s??o discernidos os princ??pios que fundamentaram a concep????o do programa, bem como as principais estrat??gias de implementa????o. Como conclus??o, argumenta-se que apesar de ainda persistirem desafios ?? gest??o compartilhada, a implementa????o do PBF se pautou n??o apenas no princ??pio da descentraliza????o, como tamb??m na transpar??ncia, controle e participa????o popular.; El art??culo analiza el proceso de implementaci??n y el modelo de gesti??n del "Programa Bolsa Fam??lia" (PBF) en el meollo del debate sobre centralizaci??n-descentralizaci??n. La hip??tesis del estudio es que el PBF no s??lo sigui?? hacia el fortalecimiento de la descentralizaci??n...