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Moisés e Nilce: retratos biográficos de dois garis. Um estudo de psicologia social a partir de observação participante e entrevistas; Moises and Nilce: stories of life from two street sweepers - a social psychology research from participant observation and oral reports

Costa, Fernando Braga da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
A composição desta pesquisa desenvolvese em dois sentidos complementares: 1. observação participante, segundo o regime de uma pesquisa etnográfica; 2. histórias de vida, obtidas através de relatos orais. Este trabalho visa dar seqüência à dissertação de mestrado defendida em 2002 e que, para sua realização, supôs o desempenho do ofício de gari dez anos, semanalmente (um ou dois dias). Estabelecer um diário de campo, descrever fenômenos psicossociais e interpretá-los foram os objetivos gerais da pesquisa anterior. A investigação no mestrado quis estimar traços sociais e psicológicos assumidos por uma forma de trabalho não-qualificado e subalterno: o trabalho de garis. Discutimos problemas de humilhação social ali reconhecíveis, especialmente aquele então designado como invisibilidade pública (problema singular que polarizou toda a investigação). O pesquisador testemunhou muitas vezes o fato de que os garis não simplesmente padeciam pancadas de humilhação social, mas respondiam aos golpes: ressentindo, conversando e agindo. As ações nunca alcançaram a figura plena de reações coletivas politicamente organizadas. Entretanto, os sentimentos, as opiniões e atitudes testemunhados mostraram-se de tal modo significativos que o pesquisador não pôde deixar de...

Da ameba ao psicólogo: diálogos de Popper com a psicologia; From the Amoeba to the Psychologist: Popper dialogues with Psychology

Doria, Nilson Guimarães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/06/2011 PT
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45.95%
Pouco se conhece da obra de Popper entre os psicólogos à parte alguma informação sobre as suas contribuições à Filosofia da Ciência. Todavia as relações que Popper manteve com a disciplina, seja a sua formação inicial nesta área, ou seus escritos em que abordava matéria psicológica, foram várias e profícuas. Em sua pretensão mais modesta este trabalho é uma retomada do estudo destas relações, entretanto ele pretende não só recapitulá-las, mas também argumentar em favor da atualidade das contribuições de Popper para a Psicologia em diversos níveis: do metateórico à sugestão de hipóteses para testagem empírica. Os principais resultados aos quais a pesquisa conduziu foram: a) o rastreamento de Bühler e Selz como principais influências do campo da Psicologia sobre a obra de Popper. A Psicologia da Aprendizagem de Selz inspirando suas idéias sobre o problema do crescimento do conhecimento, e a solução pluralista de Bühler para a crise da psicologia, associada à sua Teoria da Linguagem, colaborando para a criação do pluralismo metodológico; b) a identificação do pluralismo metodológico popperiano como base de uma epistemologia interacionista. Seu pluralismo tem grande potencial para repercussões na Psicologia...

A atuação do psicólogo no CRAS e o enfrentamento da situação de vulnerabilidade social; The role of the psychologist in the CRAS and facing the situation of social vulnerability

Araújo, Miriam Esperidião de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/05/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
A regulamentação da presença do psicólogo na equipe mínima dos Centros de Referência de Assistência Social - CRAS, efetivada em 2005, ampliou o campo de trabalho dessa categoria profissional e suscitou uma série de questões sobre o seu fazer relacionadas: ao lugar a ser ocupado pelo psicólogo nesta política, aos desafios que se apresentaram diante da conexão com outros campos de saber e aos entraves frente ao trabalho com a população, conforme apontado em pesquisas sobre o tema. Considerando o caráter relativamente novo dessa inserção, os debates e pesquisas em torno do tema são essenciais para a facilitação desse processo. Desse modo, a partir dos pressupostos teórico-metodológicos da Psicologia Social Crítica, o presente estudo propõe-se a analisar a atuação de seis psicólogos que compõem as equipes dos CRAS de um município da Grande São Paulo, para discutir a possibilidade de esses profissionais empreenderem uma práxis efetiva nesse contexto. A abordagem adotada para a pesquisa foi a qualitativa, realizada por meio da observação participante e de conversas orientadas por um roteiro semiestruturado. Foi possível compreender que a estrutura de trabalho, na qual os profissionais estão inseridos, constitui-se na precarização dos recursos...

Justiça social em psicologia vocacional : que formação para os profissionais de psicologia?; Social justice in vocational psychology : what professionals’ formation for psychologists?

Saavedra, Luísa
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Este artigo aborda, numa primeira parte, o conceito de justiça social, a sua origem e a forma como se tem definido na atualidade, bem como algumas técnicas de consulta psicológica que podem conduzir à sua promoção. Seguidamente, centra-se nos pressupostos que atualmente guiam a prática vocacional e que permitem concretizar a justiça social no campo da psicologia vocacional. Tendo em conta que esta é uma abordagem relativamente recente e que existem poucos exemplos da sua implementação, pareceu oportuno fazer um levantamento e referência a alguns casos concretos implementados em Escolas de Ensino Superior nos E.U.A. Termina-se com uma breve análise da realidade escolar portuguesa e com algumas sugestões para a formação das e dos profissionais de psicologia, com base nos casos apresentados e na fundamentação teórica mais relevante.; This article first examines the concept of social justice, its origin and how it is defined today, as well as some counseling psychology techniques that could lead to its promotion. Then, it focuses on the assumptions that guide vocational practice, allowing social justice to take place in the field of vocational psychology. Given that this is a relatively recent approach and examples of its implementation are scarce...

Dynamics and dilemmas in social psychology: social relations, identities and cognition

Vala, Jorge, 1947-; Costa-Lopes, Rui, 1981-
Fonte: Intellect/ UNICS-ISCTE Publicador: Intellect/ UNICS-ISCTE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
This paper aims to provide a systematised overview of the paradigmatic orientations in social psychology in Portugal by identifying the most cited publications. Results show that the eight most cited thematic are: (1) deviance and reactions to deviance, (2) methodology, (3) prejudice and discrimination, (4) gender studies, (5) risk, environment and safety, (6) information processing, social judgment, familiarity and mood, (7) social representations and (8) social justice and belief in a just world. These eight most salient thematics can be sorted into three current paradigmatic orientations in contemporary social psychology: (a) social cognition; (b) the study of collective beliefs, ideologies and social representations; and (c) the study of identity and its impact on intra- and intergroup processes. The paper finishes with a reflection on the future developments of the discipline and the dilemmas that social psychology in Portugal could face.

Brazilian contributions to Community Psychology

Jodelet,Denise
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
This paper presents a research current that has spread over Brazil: the Community Psychology that is now recognized as an autonomous subject and that is supported by Anglo-Saxon and European countries where national and international associations are being multiplied. The analysis of some aspects of this subject allows for outlining some relevant remarks to subsidize our discussion: values, principles and models of action that are common or specific in this discipline; aspects of social dimension to the approaches of Community Psychology and its places of observation and application.

Contagion of Cooperation in Static and Fluid Social Networks

Jordan, Jillian J.; Rand, David G.; Arbesman, Samuel; Fowler, James H.; Christakis, Nicholas A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Cooperation is essential for successful human societies. Thus, understanding how cooperative and selfish behaviors spread from person to person is a topic of theoretical and practical importance. Previous laboratory experiments provide clear evidence of social contagion in the domain of cooperation, both in fixed networks and in randomly shuffled networks, but leave open the possibility of asymmetries in the spread of cooperative and selfish behaviors. Additionally, many real human interaction structures are dynamic: we often have control over whom we interact with. Dynamic networks may differ importantly in the goals and strategic considerations they promote, and thus the question of how cooperative and selfish behaviors spread in dynamic networks remains open. Here, we address these questions with data from a social dilemma laboratory experiment. We measure the contagion of both cooperative and selfish behavior over time across three different network structures that vary in the extent to which they afford individuals control over their network ties. We find that in relatively fixed networks, both cooperative and selfish behaviors are contagious. In contrast, in more dynamic networks, selfish behavior is contagious, but cooperative behavior is not: subjects are fairly likely to switch to cooperation regardless of the behavior of their neighbors. We hypothesize that this insensitivity to the behavior of neighbors in dynamic networks is the result of subjects’ desire to attract new cooperative partners: even if many of one’s current neighbors are defectors...

Autonomy and Relatedness in Mainland Chinese Adolescents: Social or Personal? Accommodation or Distinctiveness?

Zhao, Junru
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Three studies comprised the current research program, in which the major goals were to propose and validate empirically the proposed two-level (universal and culture-specific) model of both autonomy and relatedness, as well as to develop reliable and valid measures for these two constructs. In Study 1, 143 mainland Chinese adolescents were asked open-ended questions about their understanding of autonomy and relatedness in three social contexts (peer, family, school). Chinese youth’s responses captured universal and culturally distinctive forms of autonomy (personal vs. social) and relatedness (accommodation vs. distinctiveness), according to a priori criteria based on the theoretical frameworks. Also, scenarios designed to reflect culture-specific forms of autonomy and relatedness suggested their relevance to Chinese adolescents. With a second sample of 201 mainland Chinese youth, in Study 2, the obtained autonomy and relatedness descriptors were formulated into scale items. Those items were subject to refinement analyses to examine their psychometric properties and centrality to Chinese youth. The findings of Study 1 scenarios were replicated in Study 2. The primary goal of Study 3 was to test empirically the proposed two-level (universal and culture-specific) models of both autonomy and relatedness...

The impact of social comparison processes on hoped-for possible selves, self-regulatory processes, and mental health outcomes in young adults

Wang, Rebecca Ann
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
In exploring the role of social influences in the development of the self, the current study evaluated whether young adults use social comparisons in developing their hoped-for possible selves and, if so, whether their developmental process correlates with self-regulatory processes and positive mental health outcomes. The current study found the following: (1) the domains of hoped-for possible selves among young adults were related to the gender of the social comparison target, (2) the direction of young adults' social comparison processes (upward or downward) did not significantly influence self-regulatory processes (self-efficacy and outcome expectancy) toward achieving their hoped-for possible selves, (3) strong masculine gender identification related to greater outcome expectancy, while strong feminine gender identification related to both greater self-efficacy and outcome expectancy, and (4) self-efficacy related to less state anxiety, trait anxiety, and depression, while outcome expectancy related only to less trait anxiety. Males and females were found to use traditional gender role identification in forming their hoped-for possible selves.^

Causal Uncertainty in Social Interactions: The Impact of Interpersonal Expectations and Uncertainty Reduction on Liking

Boucher, ELIANE
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1092305 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
High causally uncertain (CU) individuals experience lingering doubts about their ability to determine the causes of social events (Weary & Edwards, 1994). Furthermore, these people tend to perceive their interactions and conversational partners more negatively (Boucher & Jacobson, 2009). However, the reasons for these negative reactions remain unclear. Therefore, the purpose of the current set of studies was to explore two possible explanations for these reactions. Specifically, in three studies, I examined if insufficient uncertainty reduction or negative interpersonal expectations mediate the relationship between causal uncertainty and liking for a recent acquaintance. In Study 1 (N = 114), participants engaged in a brief unstructured dyadic conversation, whereas in Study 2 (N = 176), they engaged in three conversations with different partners. Finally, in Study 3 (N = 220), I examined the effects of temporarily activating causal uncertainty beliefs during initial interactions. As predicted, causal uncertainty was negatively associated with liking and uncertainty reduction. In Studies 1 and 2, high CU participants reported more uncertainty about themselves and their partner, and less liking than did low CU participants. Although chronic levels of causal uncertainty in Study 3 were not associated with liking or uncertainty reduction...

Perceived Social Support for Relationships As a Predictor of Relationship Well-Being and Mental and Physical Health in Same-Sex and Mixed-Sex Relationships: A Longitudinal Investigation

BLAIR, Karen Lyndsay
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
Intimate relationships function not in isolation, but within a broader social network and social environment, in which the opinions and actions of close network members can play a role in how a relationship develops. The current study investigated how perceiving support for one’s relationship (including same-sex and mixed-sex relationships) from friends and family is associated with not only relationship well-being, but also the mental and physical health of the individuals within the relationship. After establishing that social support specifically for a relationship was indeed a separate and unique construct as compared to more general social support for an individual, the study tested a hypothesized model using structural equation modeling, finding evidence for a model in which the association between support for a relationship and the health outcomes for an individual is fully mediated by relationship well-being. Relationship type (i.e., same-sex versus mixed-sex) was not a significant moderator, indicating that regardless of relationship type, individuals who perceive more support for their relationship are also more likely to report greater relationship satisfaction and better mental and physical health. Furthermore, participants provided data up to three times over a period of three years...

A agenda setting: os meios de comunicação como construtores da realidade social; Agenda setting: the media as builder of social reality

Mendonça, Rhayssa Fernandes; Temer, Ana Carolina Rocha Pessôa
Fonte: João de Melo Maricato; brasil; UFG; Faculdade de Informação e Comunicação - FIC (RG) Publicador: João de Melo Maricato; brasil; UFG; Faculdade de Informação e Comunicação - FIC (RG)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
v. 18, n. 1, p. 192-207, jan./jun. 2015.; This article discusses the studies of the effects on long-term, focusing on those involving the Agenda Setting. The theoretical current studies the effects of media and has been developed by researchers Maxwell McCombs and Donald Shaw. The research began in the late of 60s during the presidential elections in the United States and developed, whose central premise the assertion that the mass media are able to identify themes and issues of the people’s agenda. This ability indicates a consistency of media in defining the social reality and the power to modify the images in the world. At the end, there is a correlation with the Theory of Agenda Setting and Theory of Social Representations, current Social Psychology. The main authors are McCombs (2009), Wolf (2005), Temer and Nery (2009) and Moscovici (2003).; Este artículo aborda los estudios de los efectos a largo plazo, centrándose en aquellos que involucran la Agenda Setting. La teoría se ocupa de los efectos de los medios de comunicación y ha sido desarrollada por los investigadores Maxwell McCombs y Donald Shaw. La investigación se inició a finales de los años 60 durante las elecciones presidenciales en los Estados Unidos y tuvo como premisa central la afirmación de que los medios de comunicación son capaces de identificar los temas y asuntos de la agenda personas. Esta capacidad indica una consistencia de los medios de comunicación en la definición de la realidad social y el poder de modificar las imágenes del mundo. Al final...

As novas formas de discriminação sexista : uma perspectiva da psicologia social

Eliana Celia Ismael da Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Os estudos, que têm a mulher como objeto central de discussão, cresceram muito a partir da publicação de "O Segundo Sexo", de Simone de Beauvoir, na década de 50. Este desenvolvimento trouxe fortes críticas tanto aos valores vigentes, como aos parâmetros dominantes nas ciências sociais, particularmente às explicações androcêntricas, que tratavam a mulher sob óticas naturalizante e a-histórica. Nas décadas de 80 e 90 o leque de estudos sobre a mulher se ampliou consideravelmente, com pesquisas nas áreas da história, antropologia, literatura, psicologia, educação e sociologia, sobre as diversas condições da mulher. Tanto a diversidade de interpretações possíveis, como a multiplicidade de perspectivas analíticas e de métodos de pesquisa permitiu a construção de diferentes olhares sobre as mulheres e as relações de gênero. estacando-se estudos sobre a construção da identidade de gênero, sobre o discurso social da subordinação, sobre estereótipos e preconceitos, e particularmente, sobre as formas sutis com as quais as mulheres são subjugadas e desvalorizadas. Acompanhando esta vertente de pesquisas, especificamente sob a perspectiva da psicologia social, recolocando o preconceito e o estereótipo nos processos de exclusão social...

Theoretical contributions from research in Social Psychology in Brazil: society's critical theory

Crochík,José Leon
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.88%
This article aimed at describing the Brazilian production of research in Social Psychology, using as reference the works of thinkers from the so-called Frankfurt School. We have consulted the Scielo and the Periódico Eletrônico em Psicologia virtual files for the last 10 years. Articles were selected by reading the titles, abstracts and key words. In this production, the topics related to social domination and current weakness of individuals, as well as their resistance against that domination, are the most frequent ones; most of the works are conceptual, but there are also empirical inquiries; this kind of production has increased in the last few years, although being still short in relation to the total. This analysis should be deepened through the reading of full texts, and be extended to books, presentations of surveys in congresses and publications not comprised in this research.

Social Psychology in Brazil and in the international scene

Krüger,Helmuth
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.09%
Social Psychology in Brazil has been showing a progressive scientific growth since the 1970's. Such development justifies the current interest in performing an evaluation of scientific contributions of Brazilian Social Psychologists within the international context. In this respect, a literature review allowed the identification of 10 evaluative models in Social Psychology. Such models are applied to the psychological and sociological currents in Social Psychology, which are the most prominent internationaly. Even though such evaluative models are well designed, they present limitations with regard to their spectrum of application within Social Psychology. Thus a 5 - dimensional conceptual model has been developed: Philosophical assumptions; Research subject; Research methods and techniques; Conceptual matrix; Applications. Main results of the literature review were obtained from this 5 - dimensional model.

Una aproximación psicosocial a las re-emergencias de los pueblos originarios como realidad social en Argentina. Un desafío para el siglo XXI

Petit, Lucrecia; Ferrari, Liliana Edith
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Presentamos un abordaje ante las situaciones y problemáticas actuales de los Pueblos Origi-narios en Argentina, desde una aproximación psicosocial. En un primer apartado ubicamos algunos casos de comunidades indígenas —sobre todo de Patagonia y Noroeste/Noreste— pa-ra dar cuenta de las realidades que viven desde las últimas décadas. En un segundo aparta-do mencionamos algunos antecedentes de la Psicología en el estudio de Pueblos Originarios, dando cuenta de un espacio de vacancia poco abordado, pero a la vez incluimos un trabajo que analiza desde la Psicología Social Comunitaria las identidades, memorias y saberes en una comunidad mapuche. Por último, compartimos algunas reflexiones éticas y políticas pa-ra repensar las implicancias en la relación con grupos y comunidades indígenas.; We present an approach to situations and current issues of Indigenous Peoples in Argentina, from a psycho-social perspective. In the first section we located some cases, especially in-digenous communities of Patagonia and North regions- to account for the realities experi-enced since the last decades. In the second section we mention some points of the recient history of psychology in the study of indigenous communities, realizing space vacancy little attention...

Using Culture and Identities to Improve Models of Action

Miles, Andrew Ashton
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%

Recent work in cultural sociology has provided important insights into the processes underlying behavior, but does not adequately address the role played by situations in shaping action. Research also emphasizes process at the expense of content, helping us see how motives can shape action, without specifying which motives matter. This project addresses these shortcomings by synthesizing work on culture and action with perspectives from sociological social psychology, psychology, and the study of morality. I argue that identities, values, and morality are forms of culture that can motivate action, and that identities and values in particular help to explain consistencies in behavior across different contexts. I illustrate these general claims in three papers, included as chapters 2 through 4.

In chapter 2 I argue that a person's most salient identities form a core self that is perpetually active across situations, and that behavioral consistency occurs because people are motivated to act in ways that are consistent with this core self. However, a person's ability to successfully enact an identity in a given context also depends on possessing the necessary cultural skills and competencies. I illustrate the plausibility of my model using two published ethnographic studies.

In chapter 3 I argue that values also shape a wide range of behaviors...

Algumas relações entre psicologia e religião; Some linkages between psychology and religion

Paiva, Geraldo José de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1990 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
Após breve indicação histórico-crítica da origem das ligações entre Psicologia e Religião, apresenta cinco exemplos de como contemporaneamente se tratam algumas dessas relações. Os exemplos, com uma exceção, foram extraídos das áreas mais estudadas de 1951 a 1980, segundo levantamento da literatura internacional realizado por Bergling (1986): Psicologia do Desenvolvimento, Psicologia Social, Revisões Críticas e Experiência Religiosa. Analisa também as pesquisas do ponto de vista conceitual e metodológico, concluindo que o fenômeno religioso é objeto legítimo e fecundo da investigação psicológica.; After a brief historical-critical indication of the origin of the linkages between Psychology and Religion, five current instances of how some of these relations are dealt with are presented. The instances, with one exception, are drawn out of the most studied areas from 1951 through 1980, according to the survey in international literature, by Bergling (1986): Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Reviews and Religious Experience. The researches are commented from a conceptual and methodological point of view and the conclusion is drawn that religious phenomena are both a legitimate and a fertile subject matter of psychological investigation.

Revisiting gender identities and education: notes for a social psychology of resistant identities in modern culture

Howarth, Caroline
Fonte: Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK & Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Austria Publicador: Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK & Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Austria
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.9%
In this paper I offer a review and a reflection on Gender Identities and Education: The Impact of Starting School (Lloyd and Duveen, 1992) as a means of examining the detail and insights of Gerard Duveen’s contribution to the study of identity. What this study highlights is the contextual, imposed, inter-subjective and collaborative nature of identity, the relationship between re-presentation, culture and identity, and the dynamic, resistant and transformative character of identity production. I give detailed empirical examples of the genesis of representations of gender and gendered identities through a discussion of the interconnections between microgenesis, ontogenesis and sociogenesis. This leads onto a consideration of representations ‘that other’ more generally and the importance of including the social and material within the methodology of identity projects. As such, I argue, we can see the work of Duveen and his colleagues as valuable for a theory and a method of research of resistant identities in modern cultures, and thereby develop a social psychology properly equipped to research current social relations, and properly engaged with contemporary experiences of identity.

Representations of madness on British television: a social psychological analysis

Rose, Diana
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: text
Publicado em /09/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis attempts to describe and delineate the ways in which madness is represented on British television. The empirical analyses are guided by two theoretical approaches. These are social psychology, particularly the theory of social representations, and media studies. The central findings are that madness is very strongly associated with violence on British television; that nearly all representations are negative; that there is a lack of explanation and accounting for madness; that psychiatric experts are tinged with the same negative evaluations and even violence that characterises the representations of those who are mentally distressed; that there is multiplicity and confusion in the representations and that filming styles mark off the mad person as different to other characters who appear in the data. These findings lead to the argument that the mad person is constituted as Other on British television. The empirical data are compared to the theoretical frameworks and it is proposed that, in terms of the theory of social representations, mental illness is not represented in the same way as other social objects. Madness does not obey the laws of representation as proposed by social psychologists. Rather the mad person resists safe class(fication and thereby is constructed as a fearful Other. The thesis also attempts to integrate theoretical ideas from social psychology and media studies. It is suggested that there is scope for this around the concepts of narrative structure...