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Corpo, sangue e território em Wounmaikat (nossa mãe terra) : uma etnografia sobre violência e mediações de alteridades e sonhos entre os wayuu na Colômbia e na Venezuela

Romero, Fanny Longa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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26.16%
Os wayuu são um povo indígena de família lingüística arawak [arahuaca] que habitam na Península da Guajira, localizada sobre o mar do Caribe no extremo nordeste da Colômbia e na porção norte do extremo ocidental da Venezuela. Esta é uma tese que trata das dinâmicas coletivas e individuais dos wayuu. Eles estão culturalmente informados face à violência de genocídio no marco referencial do conflito interno armado na Colômbia. Sua dinâmica histórica e social tem sido perpassada pelo desdobramento da violência desde o período do contato colonial europeu, até os dias de hoje. Embora essa violência possa entender-se como um programa sistemático e racional de aniquilar as existências subjetivas e sociais do outro, pretendo ampliar essa perspectiva tomando em consideração uma dinâmica móbil e conflitiva de regimes de historicidade que aposta na agência social dos wayuu como sujeitos históricos. Os wayuu constroem, experimentam e significam dinâmicas culturais atreladas à violência de genocídio, mas que são ressemantizadas por eles através do protagonismo de entidades espirituais ativas que perpassam, tanto a vida como a morte enquanto planos contíguos, embora diferenciados, de existência social. Meu argumento é que wounmaikat (a mãe terra) dos wayuu é uma territorialidade física e social que tem como significante o espaço feminino no qual se vinculam as práticas sociais desse povo indígena. As mulheres wayuu constroem e mobilizam simbolicamente os sentidos da violência narrando e ressemantizando seus desdobramentos nos seus corpos e suas ações no palco das suas vidas cotidianas e no espaço público. Nessas ações elas reclamam pela reivindicação de direitos e travam embates com as estruturas políticas do Estado e do Para-estado. Nessa perspectiva são relevantes algumas questões: quais são os horizontes de sentido que mediam a ressignificação do genocídio no contexto social dos wayuu? Como as pessoas compreendem suas experiências individuais e coletivas na (e através) das relações sociais com seres existentes que potencializam também reivindicações por direitos dos wayuu? O que podemos dizer sobre a agência feminina wayuu e de uma etnopolítica em que as mulheres são tão visíveis e tão relevantes em seu protagonismo? Qual é o entendimento da territorialidade significada por eles como wounmaikat (a mãe terra)? Como se constroem as agências etnopolíticas dos movimentos indígenas...

Warfare, genocide, and ethnic conflict: a Darwinian approach

Dimijian, Gregory G.
Fonte: Baylor Health Care System Publicador: Baylor Health Care System
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2010 EN
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As the 21st century dawns, I reflect on the history of humankind with growing concern about the need to understand the underlying biological and cultural roots of ethnic conflict and warfare. In the many studies of human conflict, innate biological predispositions have been neglected. This article is the third part of a series of seminars for medical residents at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas (see http://adarwinstudygroup.org/). The series starts with in-depth coverage of Darwinian natural and sexual selection, with examples from the domestication of animals and plants and the crisis of antibiotic resistance. The series strives to show how biology has been neglected in the study of the we-they orientation of human behavior, with its devastating consequences. The subject material is profoundly disturbing, as it looks at “human nature” and contrasts the “dark side” of human behavior with the opposite, profoundly caring and loving side.

Avoiding genetic genocide: understanding good intentions and eugenics in the complex dialogue between the medical and disability communities

Miller, Paul Steven; Levine, Rebecca Leah
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The relationship between the medical and disability communities is complex and is influenced by historical, social, and cultural factors. Although clinicians, health-care researchers, and people with disabilities all work from the standpoint of the best interest of disabled individuals, the notion of what actually is “best” is often understood quite differently among these constituencies. Eugenics campaigns, legal restrictions on reproductive and other freedoms, and prenatal testing recommendations predicated on the lesser worth of persons with disabilities have all contributed toward the historic trauma experienced by the disability community, particularly with respect to medical genetics. One premise of personalized medicine is that different individuals require different solutions. Disabled persons’ experiences are a reminder that these solutions can be best realized by maintaining awareness and sensitivity in a complex ethical and moral terrain. Geneticists should recognize that their research may have implications for those with disabilities; they should recognize the impact of the historical trauma of the eugenics movement, and seek to involve people with disabilities in discussions about policies that affect them. Dialogue can be messy and uncomfortable...

Normal Grief and Complicated Bereavement among Traumatized Cambodian Refugees: Cultural Context and the Central Role of Dreams of the Dead

Hinton, Devon E.; Peou, Sonith; Joshi, Siddharth; Nickerson, Angela; Simon, Naomi
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 EN
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This article profiles bereavement among traumatized Cambodian refugees and explores the validity of a model of how grief and PTSD interact in this group to form a unique bereavement ontology, a model in which dreams of the dead play a crucial role. Several studies were conducted at a psychiatric clinic treating Cambodian refugees who survived the Pol Pot genocide. Key findings included that Pol Pot deaths were made even more deeply disturbing owing to cultural ideas about “bad death” and the consequences of not performing mortuary rites; that pained recall of the dead in the last month was common (76% of patients) and usually caused great emotional and somatic distress; that severity of pained recall of the dead was strongly associated with PTSD severity (r = .62); that pained recall was very often triggered by dreaming about the dead, usually of someone who died in the Pol Pot period; and that Cambodians have a complex system of interpretation of dreams of the deceased that frequently causes those dreams to give rise to great distress. Cases are provided that further illustrate the centrality of dreams of the dead in the Cambodian experiencing of grief and PTSD. The article shows that not assessing dreams and concerns about the spiritual status of the deceased in the evaluation of bereavement results in “category truncation...

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Worldviews and Cultural Safety Transforming Sexual Assault Service Provision for Children and Young People

Funston, Leticia
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Child Sexual Assault (CSA) in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is a complex issue that cannot be understood in isolation from the ongoing impacts of colonial invasion, genocide, assimilation, institutionalised racism and severe socio-economic deprivation. Service responses to CSA are often experienced as racist, culturally, financially and/or geographically inaccessible. A two-day forum, National Yarn Up: Sharing the Wisdoms and Challenges of Young People and Sexual Abuse, was convened by sexual assault services to identify the main practice and policy concerns regarding working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people (C&YP), families and communities in the context of CSA. The forum also aimed to explore how services can become more accountable and better engaged with the communities they are designed to support. The forum was attended by eighty invited Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Aboriginal youth sexual assault managers and workers representing both “victim” and “those who sexually harm others” services. In keeping with Aboriginal Community-Based Research methods forum participants largely directed discussions and contributed to the analysis of key themes and recommendations reported in this article. The need for sexual assault services to prioritise cultural safety by meaningfully integrating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Worldviews emerged as a key recommendation. It was also identified that collaboration between “victims” and “those who sexually harm” services are essential given Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander C&YP who sexually harm others may have also been victims of sexual assault or physical violence and intergenerational trauma. By working with the whole family and community...

Missionary Conquest: The Gospel and Native American Cultural Genocide. By George Tinker. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1993. 144 pp. $9.95 paper

Moses, L.G.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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26.03%

The Effects of Conflict on Fertility in Rwanda

Schindler, Kati; Bruck, Tilman
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
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The aim of this paper is to study the short and long-term fertility effects of mass violent conflict on different population sub-groups. The authors pool three nationally representative demographic and health surveys from before and after the genocide in Rwanda, identifying conflict exposure of the survivors in multiple ways. The analysis finds a robust effect of genocide on fertility, with a strong replacement effect for lost children. Having lost siblings reduces fertility only in the short term. Most interesting is the continued importance of the institution of marriage in determining fertility and in reducing fertility for the large group of widows in Rwanda.

Forests, Fragility and Conflict : Overview and Case Studies

Harwell, Emily; Farah, Douglas; Blundell, Arthur G.
Fonte: Program on Forests (PROFOR), World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: Program on Forests (PROFOR), World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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This book provides a synthesis of key themes and current knowledge about the links among forests, armed conflict, poverty, and various aspects of state fragility. The main themes addressed are: how predatory, incapable, or absent states are fragile in different ways, and their diverse relationships to forests and conflict; the mechanisms by which forests facilitate or prolong conflict, including financial flows from logging to state and non-state belligerents, the use of forests as patronage, the traffic of weapons by loggers, and the employment of belligerents by logging companies for security; the impact of conflict and fragility on forests and forest livelihoods, with a focus on cross-sectoral issues associated with managing forests after conflicts end; and the focus of reform in post conflict interventions to more effectively protect forests and forest-based livelihoods, and to mitigate further conflict. Because forests have multiple and often competing constituencies for commercial, subsistence...

Review of Richard Hovannisian ed., The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies

Travis, Hannibal
Fonte: SelectedWorks Publicador: SelectedWorks
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This is a review of The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies (Richard Hovannisian ed., New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2006). This volume stands as an important achievement in the field of comparative genocide studies, as well as commanding the attention of scholars of Middle East Studies. The subjects addressed include the cleansing of virtually all Christian communities from Anatolia as a result of widespread massacres over three decades; the complicity of some European and American leaders in these events; the rise of total war along Prussian lines in the nineteenth-century Ottoman Empire, and its prosecution throughout Anatolia from 1914 on; and the influence of proto-Nazi ideology on late Ottoman leaders and the propaganda they created. The editor of this book, and the contributor of a sophisticated introductory essay, is Richard G. Hovannisian, a professor of Armenian and Near Eastern History at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). A conference commemorating the 90th anniversary of the Armenian genocide, held at UCLA in 2005, inspired the essays collected for the volume. The emphasis in Part I is predominantly on philosophical approaches to the history and nature of genocide, specifically regarding when an episode of genocide begins; whether it arises from a dehumanization of its victims or an assertion of its perpetrators’ overwhelming power by inflicting maximum degradation on victims; and whether genocide gives rise to any moral obligation to preserve the targeted culture...

Reshaping civilization: liberalism between assimilation and cultural genocide

van Krieken, Robert
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 212197 bytes; 353 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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The 20th century has not been one for Occidentals to be proud of, when you think of the aspirations of Western liberals at its outset, the efforts directed at all manner of progress and improvement, and how much so many millions of people have ended up suffering, and continue to suffer, at each other=s hands. The management of violence in all its diverse forms is arguably a problem of similar significance in the year 2001 as it was in 1901 - or 1801, 1501. It could be said that it has simply become more complex and differentiated. In addition, since 10 November 1989, roughly, there has been a striking shift in the way Western nations, states and peoples reflect back on the normative dimensions of their past history. Concepts like >reparation=, >restitution= and >reconciliation= have taken on new resonances, and observers like Elazar Barkan (2000) remark on a new and growing collective desire, largely but not only among Occidentals, to rethink history in ways which redress a range of past injustices. The idea of >restorative justice= (Strang & Braithwaite 2001), then, is one which applies not only to contemporary problems such as the relationship between perpetrators and victims of crime, it also gets stretched across time to encompass historical injustices (Gordon 1996) which have come to be seen as such because their cognitive frames have shifted. This normative rethinking of the past is...

Language diversity in Europe: can the EU prevent the genocide of the French linguistic minorities?

Jeanjean, Henri
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 217891 bytes; 359 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Introduction: All references about France, be they about French language, French culture, French arrogance or French cuisine seem to indicate that this country is homogeneous, mono-lingua and mono-cultural. If we consider some of its regions we can note a huge linguistic and cultural diversity: Corsica is Italo-Roman, Brittany is Celtic, Flemish is spoken in the North of France, Alsace is Germanic, the language in the Basque region is pre Indo-European while Catalan and Occitan both form part of the "occitano-roman group, half way between Gallo-Roman and Ibero-Roman." According to the new Atlas of Endangered World Naguages published by UNESCO, all these languages, with the exception of Corsican, are part of the 3000 languages in danger of extinction.; no

Genocide and restitution : ensuring each group's contribution to humanity

VRDOLJAK, Ana Filipa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The protection of minorities in modern international law is intimately connected with and fuelled the recognition of the crimes of persecution and genocide. Minority protection represented the proactive component of the international efforts to ensure the contribution of certain groups to the cultural heritage of humankind. Prohibition and prosecution of persecution and genocide represented the reactive element of these same efforts. The restitution of cultural property to persecuted groups by the international community was recognition that their ownership and control of these physical manifestations was necessary for the realization of this purpose. In this article, I consider the emergence, contraction, and revival of the interconnection between minority protection, the prevention and punishment of genocide, and the protection and restitution of cultural heritage over the last century-long development of international law. It is argued that the central aim driving and interweaving these initiatives is the effort to ensure the continuing contribution of each group to the cultural heritage of all humanity.

Reconciling international investment law and sustainable development with respect to host state's right to regulate : the legal impact of sustainable development objective on indirect expropriation standard and its legitimate expectations sub-element

DUBAVA, Ilze
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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27.02%
Defence date: 6 February 2014; Examining Board: Professor Emeritus Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, EUI (Supervisor) Professor Emeritus Francesco Francioni, EUI Professor Markus Ghering, University of Cambridge Professor Andreas Ziegler, University of Lausanne.; This thesis seeks to determine whether the evolution of international law has allowed for the concept of cultural genocide to be addressed in spite of its non-codification. It firstly provides an assessment of the evolution of the concept of cultural genocide, from a technique to a process of genocide, also known as 'ethnocide'. Acknowledging that the codification of the concept is unlikely in the future, it therefore undertakes a study of the evolution of international law with regard to the main components of the concept, namely genocide, culture and group. The evolution of the legal concept of 'genocide' raises the question of the interpretation of the international definition of genocide, which is enshrined in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, so as to encompass instances of cultural destruction. The state of international and domestic judicial practice illustrates the limits of an evolutionary interpretation. In contrast, international law has evolved considerably in relation to the protection of some groups and their culture...

The concept of cultural genocide : an international law perspective

NOVIC, Elisa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.06%
Defence date: 10 June 2014; Examining Board: Professor Francesco Francioni, EUI (Supervisor) Professor A. Dirk Moses, EUI (Co-Supervisor) Professor Yvonne Donders, University of Amsterdam Professor Ana F. Vrdoljak, University of Technology, Sydney.; This thesis seeks to determine whether the evolution of international law has allowed for the concept of cultural genocide to be addressed in spite of its non-codification. It firstly provides an assessment of the evolution of the concept of cultural genocide, from a technique to a process of genocide, also known as 'ethnocide'. Acknowledging that the codification of the concept is unlikely in the future, it therefore undertakes a study of the evolution of international law with regard to the main components of the concept, namely genocide, culture and group. The evolution of the legal concept of 'genocide' raises the question of the interpretation of the international definition of genocide, which is enshrined in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, so as to encompass instances of cultural destruction. The state of international and domestic judicial practice illustrates the limits of an evolutionary interpretation. In contrast, international law has evolved considerably in relation to the protection of some groups and their culture...

Inside and Outside Peace and Prosperity: Post-Conflict Cultural Spaces in Rwanda and Northern Ireland

Arnold, Jobb
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
In post-conflict settings real and imagined boundaries do a great deal to determine who is inside and who is outside of state-based narratives of peace and prosperity. Based on case studies in Rwanda and Northern Ireland, I provide an analysis of the post-conflict periods and the impact of neoliberal-styled governance on the dynamics of power. I argue that as power shifted, ‘peace’ also entailed a general social pacification, and prosperity equated to greater private profit. However, top-down social engineering has not contained the entire field of social struggle. I examine micro-level interventions taking place on the margins of mainstream discourse that trouble the moralizing state-narratives that seek to legitimate structural violence. Such spaces facilitate alternative values and practices that contribute to sustained social and cultural resilience, as well as forms of resistance. Post-conflict Rwanda and Northern Ireland have been impacted by both coercive and consensual forms of social engineering. In Rwanda, state-based framework laws and forceful regimes of local implementation rely on stark contingencies of reward and punishment to shape and control behaviour in the public sphere. In Northern Ireland, the power-sharing structure of the Belfast Agreement has reinforced ethnic politics...

Native Spiritual Appropriation : Words of Power, Relations of Power - Creating Stories & Identities

Moller, Franzisca E.
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
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L'appropriation culturelle possède une diffusion très large et est un phénomène essentiellement intemporel. L'appropriation culturelle est définie comme «the taking- from a culture that is not one’s own- of intellectual property, cultural expressions or artifacts, history and ways of knowledge» (Ziff et Rao 1997: 1). Cela comprend tous les aspects de la spiritualité, les objets sacrés, des valeurs, des histoires et des rites. L'appropriation est étroitement liée aux relations de pouvoir et à la politique. Avec la montée de la popularité du chamanisme et du néo-chamanisme dans la société occidentale, les peuples amérindiens de l'Amérique du Nord (ou d’Australie) expriment leurs inquiétudes et leur désapprobation en ce qui concerne l’appropriation de leurs cérémonies, rituels et croyances sacrées par les Occidentaux. Par le discours contre l'appropriation, les populations autochtones (re)gagnent et (re)créent une identité qui avait été négligée, supprimée et assimilée au cours de la colonisation. Cette création identitaire s’effectue par l'intermédiaire de l'écriture, dans les milieux universitaires, aussi non-académiques, et le partage des pratiques rituelles avec d'autres autochtones (pan amérindianisme). Les auteurs autochtones contestent le statu quo et désirent contribuer à faire avancer le débat concernant l'appropriation spirituelle...

Diaspora arménienne de Montréal : comparaison intergénérationnelle du contenu des imaginaires nationaux et des sources de (re)production culturelle

Taher, Saaz
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Le génocide arménien de 1915 a eu de conséquentes répercussions identitaires sur les différentes générations d’Arméniens en diaspora, créant ainsi, pour les communautés arméniennes diasporiques, une responsabilité de perpétuer la mémoire collective traumatique. Cependant, des différences s’observent entre ces générations dans la définition de l’arménité ainsi que dans les sources d’approvisionnement identitaire. Ainsi, notre question de recherche vise à comprendre comment les contenus des imaginaires nationaux et les sources de (re)production culturelle changent entre les deuxième, troisième et quatrième générations d’Arméniens établis à Montréal. L’objectif de cette présente recherche est de faire combiner la littérature scientifique émergente sur le nationalisme diasporique, ainsi que celle sur le rôle du cyberespace. Par le biais d'entrevues auprès d'Arméniens, exilés depuis le génocide arménien de 1915 et établis à Montréal, nous montrerons, dans un premier temps, comment le contenu des imaginaires nationaux change par le passage d'une identité traditionnelle à une identité symbolique. Deuxièmement, nous verrons comment les sources de (re)production culturelle se transforment par le passage de sources traditionnelles aux sources numériques avec l'avènement du cyberespace.; The Armenian genocide of 1915 has had substantial identity impacts on different generations of Armenians in the diaspora...

Mídia e propaganda racista: como os mass media constroem a imagem da realidade social – uma leitura do genocídio Ruanda; Mídia e propaganda racista: como os mass media constroem a imagem da realidade social – uma leitura do genocídio Ruanda; Mídia e propaganda racista: como os mass media constroem a imagem da realidade social – uma leitura do genocídio Ruanda

Couto, Andréia Terzariol
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigos; Pesquisa descritiva; Pesquisa Empírica; Pesquisa acadêmica; Pesquisa Historica; Pesquisa Académica; Descripción; Historic Research; Academic Research; Description Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2010 POR
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26.6%
Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar como os mass media constroem a imagem da realidade social a partir de uma interpretação sobre o genocídio Ruanda, verificando como a propaganda racista teve um papel fundamental no desencadeamento dos fatos que levaram ao genocídio. A orientação teórica desse artigo, dentro dos limites que ele possui, busca uma tentativa de análise a partir da questão da identidade cultural, discutida por Hall (2003), e como um grande número de elementos de uma nação, que a princípio deveriam compartilhar de uma identidade cultural comum a partir de um determinado momento, passam a propagar o extermínio de outros. DOI: 10.5841/extraprensa.v1i6.31; Este artículo tiene por objeto analizar cómo los mass media construyen la imagen de la realidad social desde una interpretación del genocidio de Ruanda, y ver cómo la propaganda racista desempeñado un papel clave en el desencadenamiento de los acontecimientos que condujeron al genocidio. La orientación teórica de este artículo, dentro de los límites que tiene, un intento de solicitar la revisión de la cuestión de la identidad cultural, como se comenta por Hall (2003), y como un gran número de elementos de una nación, que el principio debe compartir una identidad cultural común desde un cierto punto...

Rethinking Genocide: Violence and Victimhood in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1915

Turkyilmaz, Yektan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%

This dissertation examines the conflict in Eastern Anatolia in the early 20th century and the memory politics around it. It shows how discourses of victimhood have been engines of grievance that power the politics of fear, hatred and competing, exclusionary claims to statehood and territory by Turks, Armenians, and Kurds. Grounded in extensive archival research in American, British, Turkish, and Armenian historical repositories, I trace how discourses of communal victimhood were generated around the traumatic ordeals in the two decades that preceded the Armenian genocide of 1915-6, carried out by the Young Turk government. The dissertation pays special attention to the nature of political tension and debate among Armenians on the eve of the genocide as well as rethinking the events and later interpretations of the iconic Armenian uprising in the Ottoman city of Van in 1915. The analysis here goes beyond deterministic, escalationist and teleological perspectives on the antecedents of the Armenian genocide; instead, it highlights political agency and enabling structures of the war, offering a new perspective on the tragic violence of Eastern Anatolia in the early 20th century.

; Dissertation

Violações de direitos humanos, lei e memória coletiva; Human rights violations, law and collective memory

Savelsberg, Joachim J.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2007 POR
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26.16%
Respostas institucionais a violações maciças dos direitos humanos e do direito humanitário podem afetar os registros de direitos humanos futuros, pois, entre outras implicações, contribuem para aviventar a memória coletiva referente aos capítulos sombrios da história de uma nação. Este artigo explora, primeiramente, as idéias teóricas concernentes ao impacto que respostas legais podem ter sobre a memória coletiva e o trauma cultural. Em seguida, procede a um exame das formas de mensuração empírica dos efeitos de processos jurídicos sobre a memória coletiva, discriminando sistematicamente os passos seguidos em estudos recentes acerca da memória coletiva de atrocidades, tomando como exemplos as guerras do Vietnã e dos Bálcãs enquanto reportadas pelo New York Times e em livros de história dos Estados Unidos. Alguns dos resultados desses estudos são relatados, indicando os efeitos condicionais e seletivos de processos criminais incidentes sobre a memória coletiva. Por fim, são elaboradas conclusões visando a pesquisas futuras na América Latina e alhures.; Institutional responses to gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law may affect future human rights records, partly by contributing to the collective memory of the dark chapters in a nation's history. This article begins with an exploration of various theoretical ideas concerning the impact of legal responses on collective memory and cultural trauma. It examines ways of empirically measuring the effects of law trials on collective memory...